Table 1600. Number of earners in consumer unit: Shares of average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1990 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | Single consumers | Consumer units of two or more persons | All | | _______________________ _______________________________________________ Item | consumer | | | | | | | units | No earner |One earner | No earner |One earner |Two earners| Three or | | | | | | | more | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).........| 96,968 | 9,908 | 17,355 | 9,183 | 18,442 | 31,918 | 10,162 | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/........................| \$31,889 | \$11,193 | \$22,838 | \$17,180 | \$27,891 | \$43,405 | \$52,010 Income after taxes 1/.........................| 28,937 | 10,464 | 20,178 | 16,486 | 25,706 | 39,048 | 47,410 Average number of persons in consumer unit....| 2.6 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 2.5 | 3.0 | 3.1 | 4.4 Age of reference person.......................| 47.2 | 71.2 | 37.6 | 63.5 | 46.5 | 40.6 | 47.0 | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | Earners.....................................| 1.4 | n.a. | 1.0 | n.a. | 1.0 | 2.0 | 3.3 Vehicles....................................| 2.0 | .8 | 1.2 | 1.6 | 1.9 | 2.5 | 3.5 Children under 18...........................| .7 | n.a. | n.a. | .6 | 1.1 | .9 | 1.1 Persons 65 and over.........................| .3 | .8 | .1 | 1.2 | .3 | .1 | .1 | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | Male......................................| 65 | 26 | 52 | 69 | 62 | 79 | 79 Female....................................| 35 | 74 | 48 | 31 | 38 | 21 | 21 | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | Percent homeowner.........................| 62 | 60 | 34 | 73 | 65 | 68 | 82 Homeowner with mortgage.................| 38 | 9 | 23 | 14 | 39 | 54 | 64 Homeowner without mortgage..............| 24 | 51 | 11 | 59 | 26 | 14 | 18 Renter....................................| 38 | 40 | 66 | 27 | 35 | 32 | 18 | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | Black.....................................| 11 | 11 | 11 | 15 | 15 | 9 | 10 White and other...........................| 89 | 89 | 89 | 85 | 85 | 91 | 90 | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..........................| 10 | 27 | 3 | 24 | 11 | 5 | 9 High school (9-12)........................| 43 | 45 | 33 | 52 | 50 | 42 | 43 College...................................| 46 | 26 | 63 | 24 | 38 | 53 | 48 Never attended and other..................| (2) | 2 | (2) | 1 | 1 | (2) | (2) | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned..................| 87 | 59 | 81 | 79 | 89 | 96 | 97 | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.....................| \$28,369 | \$11,817 | \$20,125 | \$18,960 | \$27,999 | \$35,878 | \$43,422 | | | | | | | Food..........................................| 15.1 | 15.0 | 12.9 | 18.4 | 16.3 | 14.4 | 15.7 Food at home................................| 8.8 | 10.4 | 5.3 | 13.1 | 10.4 | 8.1 | 9.2 Cereals and bakery products...............| 1.3 | 1.7 | .8 | 1.9 | 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.4 Cereals and cereal products.............| .5 | .6 | .2 | .6 | .6 | .4 | .5 Bakery products.........................| .8 | 1.1 | .5 | 1.3 | 1.0 | .7 | .9 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs............| 2.4 | 2.6 | 1.2 | 3.8 | 2.8 | 2.1 | 2.6 Beef....................................| .8 | .8 | .3 | 1.2 | .9 | .7 | .9 Pork....................................| .5 | .5 | .2 | .8 | .5 | .4 | .6 Other meats.............................| .3 | .4 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .4 Poultry.................................| .4 | .5 | .2 | .6 | .5 | .3 | .4 Fish and seafood........................| .3 | .3 | .2 | .4 | .4 | .3 | .3 Eggs....................................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .1 | .1 | .1 | | | | | | | Dairy products............................| 1.0 | 1.2 | .6 | 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.0 | 1.1 Fresh milk and cream....................| .5 | .6 | .3 | .8 | .6 | .4 | .5 Other dairy products....................| .5 | .6 | .3 | .8 | .6 | .5 | .6 Fruits and vegetables.....................| 1.4 | 2.0 | .9 | 2.4 | 1.8 | 1.3 | 1.4 Fresh fruits............................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .8 | .6 | .4 | .4 Fresh vegetables........................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .4 Processed fruits........................| .3 | .5 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .3 Processed vegetables....................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .3 | | | | | | | Other food at home........................| 2.6 | 2.8 | 1.8 | 3.4 | 3.0 | 2.5 | 2.7 Sugar and other sweets..................| .3 | .5 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 | .3 Fats and oils...........................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 Miscellaneous foods.....................| 1.2 | 1.2 | .8 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.2 Nonalcoholic beverages..................| .8 | .8 | .6 | 1.0 | .8 | .7 | .8 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 Food away from home.........................| 6.4 | 4.6 | 7.5 | 5.3 | 5.9 | 6.4 | 6.5 | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...........................| 1.0 | .6 | 1.8 | .8 | .9 | 1.0 | .8 | | | | | | | Housing.......................................| 31.3 | 41.9 | 32.9 | 31.4 | 32.5 | 31.3 | 26.1 Shelter.....................................| 17.7 | 23.7 | 22.2 | 15.3 | 17.4 | 17.7 | 14.4 Owned dwellings...........................| 10.4 | 11.1 | 8.7 | 8.8 | 10.2 | 11.3 | 10.4 Mortgage interest.......................| 6.4 | 2.0 | 5.9 | 1.7 | 6.0 | 7.8 | 6.7 Property taxes..........................| 2.1 | 4.2 | 1.5 | 3.4 | 2.2 | 1.9 | 2.1 Maintenance, repairs, insurance, | | | | | | | other expenses.........................| 1.9 | 4.9 | 1.4 | 3.7 | 2.0 | 1.6 | 1.5 | | | | | | | Rented dwellings..........................| 5.4 | 10.7 | 11.4 | 4.2 | 5.2 | 4.6 | 2.3 Other lodging.............................| 1.9 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 2.3 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 1.7 | | | | | | | Utilities, fuels, and public services.......| 6.7 | 10.5 | 5.8 | 9.3 | 7.3 | 6.0 | 6.3 Natural gas...............................| .9 | 1.5 | .7 | 1.3 | 1.0 | .7 | .8 Electricity...............................| 2.7 | 4.1 | 2.1 | 4.0 | 2.9 | 2.5 | 2.5 Fuel oil and other fuels..................| .4 | .8 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .3 Telephone.................................| 2.1 | 3.0 | 2.4 | 2.4 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 1.9 Water and other public services...........| .7 | 1.1 | .4 | 1.1 | .8 | .6 | .7 Household operations........................| 1.6 | 2.9 | .8 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 2.0 | .7 Personal services.........................| .8 | .9 | 3/.1 | .5 | .8 | 1.2 | .2 Other household expenses..................| .8 | 2.0 | .7 | 1.2 | .9 | .7 | .5 | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies.......................| 1.4 | 1.8 | 1.0 | 1.9 | 1.7 | 1.4 | 1.3 Laundry and cleaning supplies.............| .4 | .4 | .2 | .5 | .5 | .4 | .4 Other household products..................| .6 | .7 | .4 | .7 | .7 | .6 | .6 Postage and stationery....................| .4 | .7 | .4 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .3 Household furnishings and equipment.........| 3.9 | 3.1 | 3.1 | 3.3 | 4.5 | 4.2 | 3.4 Household textiles........................| .3 | .3 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .4 Furniture.................................| 1.1 | .8 | 1.1 | .8 | 1.3 | 1.2 | .8 Floor coverings...........................| .3 | 3/.3 | .2 | .2 | .6 | .3 | .2 Major appliances..........................| .5 | .5 | .4 | .6 | .6 | .5 | .5 Small appliances, miscellaneous housewares| .2 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 Miscellaneous household equipment.........| 1.4 | .9 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.3 | | | | | | | Apparel and services..........................| 5.7 | 3.8 | 5.6 | 4.3 | 6.2 | 5.7 | 5.9 Men and boys................................| 1.4 | .6 | 1.4 | .9 | 1.6 | 1.3 | 1.5 Men, 16 and over..........................| 1.1 | .6 | 1.4 | .8 | 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.4 Boys, 2 to 15.............................| .2 | .1 | (4) | .1 | .5 | .3 | .2 Women and girls.............................| 2.4 | 2.0 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 2.5 | 2.4 | 2.5 Women, 16 and over........................| 2.1 | 1.9 | 2.0 | 1.8 | 2.0 | 2.1 | 2.2 Girls, 2 to 15............................| .3 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 Children under 2............................| .2 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .2 Footwear....................................| .8 | .5 | .8 | .8 | 1.0 | .7 | .7 Other apparel products and services.........| .9 | .6 | 1.2 | .5 | .8 | .9 | 1.0 | | | | | | | Transportation................................| 18.1 | 11.0 | 17.1 | 18.6 | 17.0 | 18.4 | 21.1 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)..............| 7.5 | 2.7 | 6.0 | 8.8 | 7.2 | 7.8 | 9.1 Cars and trucks, new......................| 4.1 | 3/1.1 | 3.1 | 6.6 | 4.1 | 4.2 | 4.4 Cars and trucks, used.....................| 3.3 | 1.6 | 2.9 | 2.1 | 3.1 | 3.5 | 4.5 Other vehicles............................| .1 | (4) | .1 | 3/.1 | (4) | .1 | 3/.1 Gasoline and motor oil......................| 3.7 | 2.8 | 3.4 | 3.5 | 3.7 | 3.7 | 4.2 | | | | | | | Other vehicle expenses......................| 5.8 | 4.3 | 6.0 | 4.9 | 5.3 | 5.9 | 6.8 Vehicle finance charges...................| 1.1 | .3 | 1.0 | .4 | .8 | 1.2 | 1.4 Maintenance and repairs...................| 2.1 | 1.8 | 2.4 | 1.9 | 2.0 | 2.0 | 2.3 Vehicle insurance.........................| 2.0 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 1.8 | 2.0 | 2.4 Vehicle rental, licenses, other charges...| .7 | .4 | .7 | .6 | .6 | .7 | .7 Public transportation.......................| 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.7 | 1.4 | .9 | .9 | 1.1 | | | | | | | Health care...................................| 5.2 | 11.8 | 3.7 | 11.4 | 5.4 | 4.3 | 4.5 Health insurance............................| 2.0 | 5.1 | 1.3 | 5.1 | 2.1 | 1.6 | 1.6 Medical services............................| 2.0 | 3.8 | 1.5 | 3.4 | 2.0 | 1.7 | 1.9 Drugs.......................................| .9 | 2.4 | .5 | 2.6 | 1.0 | .6 | .7 Medical supplies............................| .3 | .5 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | Entertainment.................................| 5.0 | 3.1 | 5.5 | 4.5 | 5.0 | 5.2 | 4.8 Fees and admissions.........................| 1.3 | .9 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.3 Television, radios, sound equipment.........| 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.8 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.6 | 1.6 Pets, toys, and playground equipment........| 1.0 | .6 | 1.1 | .9 | 1.0 | 1.0 | .8 Other entertainment supplies, equipment, | | | | | | | and services...............................| 1.1 | .2 | 1.1 | .5 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.1 | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...........| 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.2 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.2 | 1.3 | | | | | | | Reading.......................................| .5 | .7 | .6 | .6 | .5 | .5 | .5 | | | | | | | Education.....................................| 1.4 | .6 | 2.2 | .3 | 1.0 | 1.3 | 2.4 | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.........| 1.0 | .9 | .9 | 1.1 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.0 | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.................................| 2.3 | 3.1 | 2.8 | 1.8 | 2.2 | 2.2 | 2.2 | | | | | | | Cash contributions............................| 2.9 | 5.3 | 3.0 | 4.1 | 2.8 | 2.5 | 2.7 | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions...............| 9.1 | .9 | 9.8 | 1.1 | 7.8 | 11.0 | 10.9 Life and other personal insurance...........| 1.2 | .8 | .6 | 1.0 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.6 Pensions and Social Security................| 7.9 | 3/.1 | 9.2 | 3/.1 | 6.5 | 9.7 | 9.3 | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.....................| \$31,889 | \$11,193 | \$22,838 | \$17,180 | \$27,891 | \$43,405 | \$52,010 Wages and salaries..........................| 75.8 | (5) | 83.8 | 3/.1 | 69.7 | 86.1 | 87.0 Self-employment income......................| 7.3 | (5) | 7.8 | (5) | 8.2 | 8.1 | 7.4 | | | | | | | Social Security, private and government | | | | | | | retirement.................................| 10.7 | 74.0 | 3.2 | 73.5 | 13.5 | 2.8 | 2.7 Interest, dividends, rental income, other | | | | | | | property income............................| 3.3 | 18.9 | 2.5 | 14.5 | 3.9 | 1.6 | 1.4 Unemployment and workers' compensation, | | | | | | | veterans' benefits.........................| .7 | 1.9 | .4 | 1.4 | .9 | .6 | .6 Public assistance, supplemental security | | | | | | | income, food stamps........................| 1.1 | 2.8 | .1 | 9.0 | 2.1 | .3 | .3 Regular contributions for support...........| .8 | 2.0 | 1.6 | 1.0 | 1.3 | .4 | .5 Other income................................| .3 | .4 | .6 | .4 | .2 | .2 | .2 | | | | | | | Personal taxes................................| 9.3 | 6.5 | 11.6 | 4.0 | 7.8 | 10.0 | 8.8 Federal income taxes........................| 7.3 | 5.2 | 9.3 | 3.0 | 6.0 | 7.9 | 6.9 State and local income taxes................| 1.8 | .8 | 2.2 | .5 | 1.6 | 1.9 | 1.7 Other taxes.................................| .2 | .5 | .1 | .5 | .3 | .2 | .2 | | | | | | | Income after taxes............................| 90.7 | 93.5 | 88.4 | 96.0 | 92.2 | 90.0 | 91.2 | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ Value less than 0.5. 3/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors. 4/ Value less than 0.05. 5/ No data reported. n.a. Not applicable.