Notice of Publication Changes with the Release of Data on February 2, 2018

With the release of January 2018 data on February 2, 2018, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program will implement publication changes related to annual sample review and will update the national nonfarm payroll series to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) from the NAICS 2012 basis. CES series changes resulting from the annual review of sample size, coverage, and response rates are available on the CES New Series page at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesnewseries.htm. CES series changes resulting from the update to NAICS 2017 are detailed below.

Employment Situation News Release Table Changes

The CES series changes discussed on this page will have effects on two industries contained in table B-1 of the Employment Situation. The full content of the new Employment Situation table B-1 is available below. Exhibit A details the upcoming changes.

Full content of Employment Situation news release table B-1 (XLSX)

Exhibit A. Upcoming CES Industry Title Changes to Table B-1 of the Employment Situation
Previous New
CES Industry Title CES Series ID CES Industry Title CES Series ID
Not Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted Not Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Adjusted
Department Stores CEU4245210001 CES4245210001 Department Stores CEU4245220001 CES4245220001
Other general merchandise stores CEU4245290001 CES4245290001 General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters CEU4245230001 CES4245230001

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Update to NAICS 2017

The CES program will update the national nonfarm payroll series to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) from the NAICS 2012 basis with the February 2, 2018 Employment Situation release. This change is in accordance with the final decision from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) on recommendations put forth by its Economic Classification Policy Committee (ECPC) in the Federal Register, Volume 81, Number 152. For more information on OMBís decision and directive on the NAICS 2017 update, see www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-08-04/pdf/2015-19022.pdf. For more information on NAICS 2012 and NAICS 2017 classifications, see www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html. For more information on other Federal Register notices involving NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/federal_register_notices/fedregister.html.

This conversion will result in minor revisions reflecting content and coding changes within the retail trade, information, financial activities, and professional and business services major industry sectors, as well as a number of consolidations within the durable goods manufacturing, retail trade, and information major industry sectors. Several industry titles and descriptions will also be updated. Approximately 4 percent of CES employment will be reclassified into different industries as a result of the revision.

Some of the changes associated with the NAICS 2017 update will impact levels of detail not published by CES; therefore, only cases where CES industries will be impacted are discussed in detail here. Only the following directly estimated data types are noted in the following tables: employment of all employees (AE), AE average weekly hours (AE AWH), AE average hourly earnings (AE AHE), employment of production and nonsupervisory employees (PE), PE average weekly hours (PE AWH), PE average hourly earnings (PE AHE), and employment of women employees (WE). Directly estimated data types other than AE are collectively called non-AE data types.

For instances where reconstructions are necessary, ratios of employment moving from old CES industries based on NAICS 2012 to new CES industries based on NAICS 2017 were calculated for March 2017 and will be applied to historical CES data. These ratios were calculated by assigning both a NAICS 2012-based CES industry and a NAICS 2017-based CES industry to individual report-level data from the longitudinal database (LDB) from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) which is used as the CES sample frame. The March 2017 LDB employment was summed by old CES industry based on NAICS 2012 and by new CES industry based on NAICS 2017. Forward ratios were created by dividing the amount of each old NAICS 2012-based CES industry moving to a new NAICS 2017-based CES industry by its total for the old CES industry (see table 4 for AE ratios and table 9 for non-AE ratios). Reverse ratios were created by dividing the amount of each old NAICS 2012-based CES industry moving to a new NAICS 2017-based CES industry by its total for the new CES industry (see table 5 for AE reverse ratios and table 10 for non-AE reverse ratios). For more information about previous CES NAICS conversions and how CES industry codes relate to NAICS codes, see www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics.htm.

AE series are published at a more detailed level than non-AE series. Forward ratios will be held constant and applied to each monthly CES employment estimate for the entire history of the series, usually back to 1990, to determine the amount of employment moving from a NAICS 2012 CES industry to a NAICS 2017 CES industry. Average weekly hours and average hourly earnings will be recalculated by applying forward ratios to the amount of old total hours and old total payroll to move the correct amount of hours or earnings into the new CES industry. Total hours and total earnings will then be averaged using the new employment levels. More information about the calculation of CES estimates for employment, hours, and earnings estimates are available in the CES Technical Notes under Estimation Methods.

The conversion from NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017 can affect CES industry codes in several ways. Some CES series will be converted as a whole from their NAICS 2012 industry code to their new NAICS 2017 industry code. Some CES series will be combined with other series because their underlying NAICS codes are being combined. Other CES series will be split into more detailed CES series because their NAICS codes will be changed to accommodate new distinct industries. Finally, some CES series will no longer be published at the same level of detail under NAICS 2017. Examples of each of these changes are outlined below.

AE Series Changes Due to NAICS 2017 Update:

Non-AE Series Changes Due to NAICS 2017 Update:

AE Series Changes Due to NAICS 2017 Update

Some AE series will be partially or completely combined with other series. For example, in table 1 the CES industry department stores, except discount (42-452111) will be combined with a portion of discount department stores (42-452112) to create the new CES industry department stores (42-452200). This is because the associated NAICS 2012 industry code 452111 is becoming NAICS 2017 industry code 452210, and part of NAICS 2012 industry code 452112 is becoming NAICS 2017 industry code 452210. The remainder of NAICS 2012 industry code 452112 is becoming NAICS 2017 industry code 452311, along with all of NAICS 2012 industry code 452910.

Table 1. New AE series as a result of reclassification of NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017
NAICS 2012 Reclassification
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

452111

42-452111 Department stores, except discount Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 department stores (42-452200)

452112

42-452112 Discount department stores New NAICS 2017 department stores (42-452200) will combine all of department stores, except discount (42-452111) and a portion of discount department stores (42-452112)

452112

42-452112 Discount department stores New NAICS 2017 warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452311) will combine a portion of discount department stores (42-452112) and all of warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452910)

45291

42-452910 Warehouse clubs and supercenters Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452311)

45299

42-452990 All other general merchandise stores Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 all other general merchandise stores (42-452319)

454112

42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

454113

42-454113 Mail-order houses Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

5171

50-517100 Wired telecommunications carriers Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 wired telecommunications carriers (50-517311)

5172

50-517200 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite (50-517312)

53223

55-532230 Video tape and disc rental Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 consumer goods rental (55-532200)

53223

55-532230 Video tape and disc rental Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 video tape and disc rental (55-532282)

53229

55-532290 Miscellaneous consumer goods rental Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 consumer goods rental (55-532200)

532291

55-532291 Home health equipment rental Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 home health equipment rental (55-532283)

541711

60-541711 Biotechnology research New NAICS 2017 research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711)

541711

60-541711 Biotechnology research New NAICS 2017 research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will combine a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541712

60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research New NAICS 2017 research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will combine a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541712

60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research New NAICS 2017 research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology (60-541715) will be a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

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Table 2 shows AE series that will have changes in scope due to the conversion from NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017. These new CES industries will combine series that were previously published separately or as part of another series. For example, the new CES industry research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will combine a portion of the old CES industry biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of the old CES industry physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712). The remaining part of the old NAICS 2012 CES industry biotechnology research (60-541711) will become the new CES industry research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714). The remaining part of the old NAICS 2012 CES industry physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712) will become the new NAICS 2017 CES industry research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology (60-541715).

Table 2. Change in scope of AE series as a result of NAICS 2017
NAICS 2017 Reclassification
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

4522

42-452200 Department stores The new NAICS 2017 series department stores (42-452200) will combine all of department stores, except discount (42-452111) and a portion of discount department stores (42-452112)

452311

42-452311 Warehouse clubs and supercenters The new NAICS 2017 series warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452311) will combine a portion of department stores, except discount (42-452111) and all of warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452910)

4541

42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses The new NAICS 2017 series electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100) will combine electronic shopping and electronic auctions (42-454112) and mail-order houses (42-454113)

5322

55-532200 Consumer goods rental The new NAICS 2017 series consumer goods rental (55-532200) will combine video tape and disc rental (55-532230) and miscellaneous consumer goods rental (55-532290)

541713

60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology A portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) will be moved to into new NAICS 2017 research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713). The rest will be reclassified into biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714).

541713

60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541714

60-541714 Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711)

541715

60-541715 Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology (60-541715) will be a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

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Table 3 shows AE series that will no longer be published under NAICS 2017. For example, NAICS 2017 combines electronic shopping and electronic auctions (NAICS 454112) and mail-order houses (NAICS 454113) into electronic shopping and mail-order houses (NAICS 454110). The two CES industries associated with the NAICS 2012 industries are 42-454112 and 42-454113. These will be deleted and only the higher level CES series, electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100) will be published.

Table 3. Discontinued NAICS 2012 AE series
NAICS 2012 Next Highest Published Level (CES Industry Code)
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

452111

42-452111 Department stores, except discount Department stores (42-452200)

45291

42-452910 Warehouse clubs and supercenters Warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452311)

454112

42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions Electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

454113

42-454113 Mail-order houses Electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

53223

55-532230 Video tape and disc rental Consumer goods rental (55-532200)

53229

55-532290 Miscellaneous consumer goods rental Consumer goods rental (55-532200)

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Table 4 shows the proportion of AE employment that will be moved from an old CES industry code based on NAICS 2012 to a new CES industry code based on NAICS 2017. Industries that move directly and completely from a NAICS 2012 CES industry to a NAICS 2017 CES industry have a ratio of 100. NAICS 2012 CES industries that move only a portion of their employment from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry to a new NAICS 2017 CES industry have ratios of less than 100. Old NAICS 2012 CES industry codes with ratios of less than 100 are listed multiple times to account for the movement of all of their employment. For example, 98.3 percent of discount department stores (42-452112) will be moved into the new NAICS 2017 CES industry department stores (42-452200). The remaining 1.7 percent will be moved into the new CES industry warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452311).

Table 4. NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017 AE employment ratios
NAICS 2012 NAICS 2017 Ratio
CES Industry Code CES Industry Title CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

42-452111

Department stores, except discount 42-452200 Department stores 100

42-452112

Discount department stores 42-452200 Department stores 98.3

42-452112

Discount department stores 42-452311 Warehouse clubs and supercenters 1.7

42-452910

Warehouse clubs and supercenters 42-452311 Warehouse clubs and supercenters 100

42-452990

All other general merchandise stores 42-452319 All other general merchandise stores 100

42-454112

Electronic shopping and electronic auctions 42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 100

42-454113

Mail-order houses 42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 100

50-517100

Wired telecommunications carriers 50-517311 Wired telecommunications carriers 100

50-517200

Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) 50-517312 Wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite 100

55-532230

Video tape and disc rental 55-532200 Consumer goods rental 100

55-532290

Miscellaneous consumer goods rental 55-532200 Consumer goods rental 100

55-532230

Video tape and disc rental 55-532282 Video tape and disc rental 100

55-532291

Home health equipment rental 55-532283 Home health equipment rental 100

60-541711

Biotechnology research 60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology 4.9

60-541712

Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology 3.5

60-541711

Biotechnology research 60-541714 Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology 95.1

60-541712

Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 60-541715 Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology 96.5

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Table 5 shows the proportion of AE employment moving to a new CES industry based on NAICS 2017 that came from an old CES industry based on NAICS 2012. For example, 37.8 percent of the new NAICS 2017 CES industry department stores (42-452200) comes from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry department stores, except discount (42-452111). The remaining 62.2 percent of the new NAICS 2017 CES industry department stores (42-452200) comes from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry discount department stores (42-452112).

Table 5. NAICS 2017 to NAICS 2012 AE employment ratios
NAICS 2017 NAICS 2012 Ratio
CES Industry Code CES Industry Title CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

42-452200

Department stores 42-452111 Department stores, except discount 37.8

42-452200

Department stores 42-452112 Discount department stores 62.2

42-452311

Warehouse clubs and supercenters 42-452112 Discount department stores 0.9

42-452311

Warehouse clubs and supercenters 42-452910 Warehouse clubs and supercenters 99.1

42-452319

All other general merchandise stores 42-452990 All other general merchandise stores 100

42-454100

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions 66.8

42-454100

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 42-454113 Mail-order houses 33.2

50-517311

Wired telecommunications carriers 50-517100 Wired telecommunications carriers 100

50-517312

Wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite 50-517200 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) 100

55-532200

Consumer goods rental 55-532230 Video tape and disc rental 7.3

55-532200

Consumer goods rental 55-532290 Miscellaneous consumer goods rental 92.7

55-532282

Video tape and disc rental 55-532230 Video tape and disc rental 100

55-532283

Home health equipment rental 55-532291 Home health equipment rental 100

60-541713

Research and development in nanotechnology 60-541711 Biotechnology research 34.9

60-541713

Research and development in nanotechnology 60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 65.1

60-541714

Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology 60-541711 Biotechnology research 100

60-541715

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology 60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 100

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Non-AE Series Changes Due to NAICS 2017 Update

Some non-AE series will be partially or completely combined with other series, just like their AE counterparts, while other series affected for AE will not be affected for non-AE. For instance, in table 6 the old NAICS 2012 CES industries department stores, except discount (42-452111) and discount department stores (42-452112) do not appear because non-AE data types are not published at the same level. Instead, non-AE data types are published for general merchandise stores (42-452000) which is not affected by NAICS 2017 changes.

Table 6. New non-AE series as a result of reclassification of NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017
NAICS 2012 Reclassification
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

454112

42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

454113

42-454113 Mail-order houses Will be combined into new NAICS 2017 electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

5171

50-517100 Wired telecommunications carriers Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 wired telecommunications carriers (50-517311)

5172

50-517200 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite (50-517312)

532291

55-532291 Home health equipment rental Will be moved into new NAICS 2017 home health equipment rental (55-532283)

541711

60-541711 Biotechnology research New NAICS 2017 research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711)

541711

60-541711 Biotechnology research New NAICS 2017 research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will combine a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541712

60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research New NAICS 2017 research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will combine a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541712

60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research New NAICS 2017 research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology (60-541715) will be a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

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Table 7 shows non-AE series that will have changes in scope due to the conversion from NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017. Again, these series reflect the same changes as their AE counterparts, but at less detailed levels, and some series affected for AE are not affected for non-AE. For example, in table 7 the old NAICS 2012 CES industry video tape and disc rental (55-532230) does not appear because non-AE data types are not published at the same level. Instead, non-AE data types are published for consumer goods rental (55-532200) which is not affected by NAICS 2017 changes.

Table 7. Change in scope of non-AE series as a result of NAICS 2017
NAICS 2017 Reclassification
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

4541

42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses The new NAICS 2017 series electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100) will combine electronic shopping and electronic auctions (42-454112) and mail-order houses (42-454113)

541713

60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711) and a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

541714

60-541714 Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714) will be a portion of biotechnology research (60-541711)

541715

60-541715 Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology The new NAICS 2017 series research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology (60-541715) will be a portion of physical, engineering, and life sciences research (60-541712)

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Table 8 shows non-AE series that will no longer be published under NAICS 2017. Some AE series that will be deleted were already not published for non-AE series, and therefore, are unaffected by NAICS 2017 deletions for non-AE. For example, the old NAICS 2012 CES industry warehouse clubs and supercenters (42-452910) is being deleted for AE and its employment is being moved into a new NAICS 2017 CES industry. It is already not published for non-AE series, and, therefore, does not appear in table 8.

Table 8. Discontinued non-AE series as a result of NAICS 2017
NAICS 2012 Next Highest Published Level (CES Industry Code)
NAICS Code CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

454112

42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions Electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

454113

42-454113 Mail-order houses Electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100)

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Table 9 shows the proportion of non-AE employment that will move from an old CES industry code based on NAICS 2012 to a new CES industry code based on NAICS 2017. Industries that move directly and completely from an old NAICS 2012 CES industry to a new NAICS 2017 CES industry have a ratio of 100. Old NAICS 2012 CES industries that move only a portion of their employment from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry to a new NAICS 2017 CES industry will have ratios of less than 100. Old NAICS 2012 CES industry codes with ratios of less than 100 will be listed multiple times to account for the movement of all of their employment. For instance, 4.9 percent of biotechnology research (60-541711) will be moved into the new NAICS 2017 CES industry research and development in nanotechnology (60-541713). The remaining 95.1 percent will be moved into the new NAICS 2017 CES industry research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology (60-541714).

Table 9. NAICS 2012 to NAICS 2017 non-AE employment ratios
NAICS 2012 NAICS 2017 Ratio
CES Industry Code CES Industry Title CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

42-454112

Electronic shopping and electronic auctions 42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 100

42-454113

Mail-order houses 42-454100 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 100

50-517100

Wired telecommunications carriers 50-517311 Wired telecommunications carriers 100

50-517200

Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) 50-517312 Wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite 100

55-532291

Home health equipment rental 55-532283 Home health equipment rental 100

60-541711

Biotechnology research 60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology 4.9

60-541712

Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 60-541713 Research and development in nanotechnology 3.5

60-541711

Biotechnology research 60-541714 Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology 95.1

60-541712

Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 60-541715 Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology 96.5

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Table 10 shows the proportion of non-AE employment moving to a new CES industry based on NAICS 2017 that came from an old CES industry based on NAICS 2012. For example, 66.8 percent of the new NAICS 2017 CES industry electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100) comes from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry electronic shopping and electronic auctions (42-454112). The remaining 33.2 percent of the new NAICS 2017 CES industry electronic shopping and mail-order houses (42-454100) comes from the old NAICS 2012 CES industry mail-order houses (42-454113).

Table 10. NAICS 2017 to NAICS 2012 non-AE employment ratios
NAICS 2017 NAICS 2012 Ratio
CES Industry Code CES Industry Title CES Industry Code CES Industry Title

42-454100

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 42-454112 Electronic shopping and electronic auctions 66.8

42-454100

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses 42-454113 Mail-order houses 33.2

50-517311

Wired telecommunications carriers 50-517100 Wired telecommunications carriers 100

50-517312

Wireless telecommunications carriers, except satellite 50-517200 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) 100

55-532283

Home health equipment rental 55-532291 Home health equipment rental 100

60-541713

Research and development in nanotechnology 60-541711 Biotechnology research 34.9

60-541713

Research and development in nanotechnology 60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 65.1

60-541714

Research and development in biotechnology, except nanobiotechnology 60-541711 Biotechnology research 100

60-541715

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, except nanotechnology and biotechnology 60-541712 Physical, engineering, and life sciences research 100

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Last Modified Date: January 5, 2018