Mid-Atlantic Consumer Price Index Card

Monthly and Bimonthly Indexes

Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
average
Philadelphia-
Wilmington-
Atlantic City
Washington-
Baltimore (1)
Northeast
region
South
region
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013

All items (2)

237.852 1.7 245.303 1.3     253.185 1.3 231.611 1.7

All items (1967 = 100) (3)

712.498   708.666       398.688   375.705  

Food and beverages (2)

243.497 2.6 229.672 3.0     248.184 2.0 242.188 2.2

Food (2)

243.811 2.7 229.181 3.1     248.085 2.0 243.595 2.3

Food at home

240.723 2.9 240.241 3.6 148.572 1.9 245.799 1.9 239.635 2.4

Food away from home (4)

249.801 2.5 209.054 2.5     254.568 2.2 252.353 2.2

Alcoholic beverages (4)

237.829 1.1 233.371 1.6     248.276 1.3 221.932 0.1

Housing (2)

234.571 2.6 249.337 2.0     262.659 2.3 218.657 2.8

Shelter

271.675 2.9 303.751 2.5 174.377 2.4 318.800 2.6 244.437 3.2

Rent of primary residence (2) (5)

277.048 3.2 281.594 2.5 192.601 1.6 318.041 2.7 248.868 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (5) (6)

278.621 2.7 309.394 2.3 174.255 2.1 329.624 2.6 246.947 2.9

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (5) (6)

278.600 2.7 309.394 2.3 174.260 2.1 329.482 2.6 246.947 2.9

Fuels and utilities

239.790 4.3 218.312 1.5     225.661 2.8 240.622 3.7

Household energy

207.603 4.5 186.850 0.5 177.996 -3.0 203.648 2.7 202.457 4.0

Energy services (5)

209.547 4.6 192.895 0.2 168.979 -3.2 193.235 3.1 202.315 4.0

Electricity (5)

217.148 4.1 193.855 -0.6 180.575 -4.6 199.230 5.2 201.483 3.9

Utility (piped) gas service (5)

183.960 5.8 184.095 1.7 117.642 3.5 168.181 -2.3 190.984 4.7

Household furnishings and operations

122.741 -1.4 116.442 -1.8     124.391 -1.4 122.775 -1.7

Apparel (2)

125.726 0.0 110.000 -5.3     129.552 0.3 131.830 -2.3

Transportation (2)

218.279 -0.4 221.429 -0.8     217.996 -0.6 218.549 -0.2

Private transportation

213.873 -0.3 220.855 0.1     210.969 -0.4 217.161 -0.2

Motor fuel

302.101 -2.7 304.525 -4.0 292.783 -3.7 297.424 -3.3 294.814 -3.3

Gasoline

300.640 -2.8 300.305 -4.1 292.308 -3.8 296.181 -3.4 293.183 -3.4

Medical care (2)

435.777 2.1 472.972 3.4     455.688 1.6 415.472 2.0

Recreation (7)

115.311 0.0 124.836 -0.2     119.552 -0.7 115.344 -0.2

Education and communication (7)

138.139 1.5 132.464 -0.5     138.465 0.7 135.248 2.0

Other goods and services (2)

408.898 1.6 476.921 3.6     440.729 1.7 400.864 1.9

Energy (2)

250.951 0.4 230.176 -1.7 226.313 -3.4 242.939 -0.5 240.328 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) For Washington-Baltimore, Dec. 1997=100 unless otherwise noted.
(2) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1996=100.
(3) For the Northeast and the South, Dec. 1977=100.
(4) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1997=100.
(5) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(6) For the U.S., Philadelphia, Northeast, and South, Dec. 1982 = 100.
(7) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., CMSA includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., CMSA includes the District of Columbia; Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Carroll, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, and Washington Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, King George, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties in West Virginia.

Northeast region includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

South region includes the District of Columbia and the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Consumer Price Indexes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city average Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City Washington-Baltimore (1) Northeast region South region
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013
Aug
2014
Percent change from
Aug
2013

All items (2)

234.030 1.6 246.194 1.3     251.100 1.2 229.594 1.5

All items (1967 = 100) (3)

697.105   715.113       392.204   371.853  

Food and beverages (2)

243.052 2.7 234.344 3.4     247.000 1.9 241.531 2.3

Food (2)

243.178 2.8 233.287 3.6     246.904 2.0 242.617 2.4

Food at home

240.071 3.0 244.575 4.3 147.084 1.4 244.310 2.0 238.453 2.5

Food away from home (4)

249.784 2.4 209.431 2.6     254.607 1.9 251.366 2.2

Alcoholic beverages (4)

239.854 1.1 239.516 0.7     246.822 1.2 224.790 0.5

Housing (2)

231.229 2.7 250.585 1.8     260.288 2.3 218.890 2.8

Shelter

264.922 2.9 308.103 2.1 177.458 2.0 314.738 2.5 243.794 3.2

Rent of primary residence (2) (5)

274.597 3.1 281.594 2.5 192.608 1.6 313.570 2.6 247.188 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (5) (6)

252.083 2.6 275.150 2.3 173.426 1.9 290.436 2.6 229.524 2.9

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (5) (6)

252.077 2.6 275.150 2.3 173.416 1.9 290.436 2.6 229.504 2.9

Fuels and utilities

238.440 4.3 217.904 1.4     224.612 3.0 241.490 3.8

Household energy

205.791 4.5 185.915 0.5 177.326 -1.0 202.096 2.9 201.828 4.2

Energy services (5)

208.887 4.6 195.349 0.3 172.241 -0.9 193.728 3.3 203.102 4.3

Electricity (5)

214.912 4.2 193.854 -0.6 180.714 -2.6 199.991 5.7 199.811 4.1

Utility (piped) gas service (5)

184.578 5.8 184.091 1.7 121.583 4.9 168.144 -2.7 196.855 5.1

Household furnishings and operations

118.361 -1.6 112.073 -0.3     117.774 -1.4 117.512 -2.3

Apparel (2)

124.596 -0.7 113.667 -7.7     129.467 -1.0 131.189 -2.8

Transportation (2)

219.420 -0.5 233.464 -0.1     220.744 -0.7 218.836 -0.3

Private transportation

216.102 -0.5 232.910 0.2     215.032 -0.6 217.369 -0.3

Motor fuel

303.140 -2.7 304.477 -4.0 292.534 -3.6 297.759 -3.3 294.651 -3.3

Gasoline

301.845 -2.8 300.305 -4.1 292.070 -3.8 296.718 -3.3 293.205 -3.4

Medical care (2)

438.636 1.9 458.520 3.6     453.134 1.5 421.532 1.9

Recreation (7)

111.478 -0.2 122.324 0.9     120.180 -1.3 111.453 -0.4

Education and communication (7)

130.208 1.1 126.617 -1.4     129.684 0.1 125.744 1.4

Other goods and services (2)

441.698 1.6 498.357 3.3     501.297 1.9 428.705 1.9

Energy (2)

252.742 0.1 227.206 -1.8 229.141 -2.5 244.097 -0.5 242.293 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) For Washington-Baltimore, Dec. 1997=100 unless otherwise noted.
(2) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1996=100.
(3) For the Northeast and the South, Dec. 1977=100.
(4) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1997=100.
(5) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(6) For the U.S., Philadelphia, Northeast, and South, Dec. 1984 = 100.
(7) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., CMSA includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., CMSA includes the District of Columbia; Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Carroll, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, and Washington Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, King George, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties in West Virginia.

Northeast region includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

South region includes the District of Columbia and the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change to
Aug 2014 from --
Jul
2014
Aug
2014
Aug
2013
Jun
2014
Jul
2014

U.S. city average

238.250 237.852 1.7 -0.2 -0.2


 

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

229.633 229.753 1.9 -0.3 0.1

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

243.727 243.556 1.8 0.0 -0.1

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

261.498 261.075 1.3 -0.1 -0.2


 

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

255.296        

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

222.410        

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

219.543        

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (1)

155.220        


 

Atlanta, Ga.

  223.657 2.2 -0.1  

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

  222.284 1.0 -1.0  

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

  214.102 2.6 -0.3  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

  243.124 2.4 -0.1  

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

  245.303 1.3 0.0  

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

  253.354 3.0 0.0  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

  247.185 1.8 -0.2  

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change to
Aug 2014 from --
Jul
2014
Aug
2014
Aug
2013
Jun
2014
Jul
2014

U.S. city average

234.525 234.030 1.6 -0.3 -0.2


 

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

223.959 223.857 2.0 -0.5 0.0

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

236.963 236.504 1.8 -0.2 -0.2

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

257.309 256.691 1.2 -0.2 -0.2


 

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

255.503        

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

213.511        

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

226.063        

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (1)

155.654        


 

Atlanta, Ga.

  222.204 1.9 -0.2  

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

  219.091 0.9 -1.2  

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

  211.297 2.2 -0.4  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

  241.789 2.3 -0.2  

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

  246.194 1.3 0.1  

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

  249.877 2.9 -0.1  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

  244.471 2.1 0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Semiannual Indexes

Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), semiannual averages for the United States and Pittsburgh, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
average
Pittsburgh
1st half 2014 Percent
change from
1st half 2013
1st half 2014 Percent
change from
1st half 2013

All items

236.384 1.7 238.663 1.1

All items (1967 = 100)

708.102   728.275  

Food and beverages

240.615 1.8 247.931 1.0

Food

240.814 1.8 247.450 0.8

Food at home

237.533 1.6 243.562 -0.9

Food away from home

247.080 2.2 255.408 3.8

Alcoholic beverages

236.526 1.1 254.478 3.6

Housing

231.909 2.6 234.892 1.8

Shelter

268.597 2.7 262.980 2.7

Rent of primary residence (1)

273.778 3.0 229.548 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

276.002 2.6 261.258 3.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

275.979 2.6 261.258 3.7

Fuels and utilities

233.786 4.8 245.966 0.1

Household energy

201.955 5.2 224.112 -2.0

Energy services (1)

202.340 5.0 208.401 -3.5

Electricity (1)

205.380 3.9 163.206 -9.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

190.560 8.9 237.711 6.9

Household furnishings and operations

123.518 -1.5 146.939 -2.6

Apparel

127.425 0.3 152.905 -0.9

Transportation

219.244 0.3 198.608 2.3

Private transportation

214.204 0.4 196.486 2.0

Motor fuel

306.859 -1.0 326.615 1.5

Gasoline

305.331 -1.1 329.848 1.4

Medical care

433.340 2.4 462.432 1.4

Recreation (3)

115.799 0.4 119.347 -2.8

Education and communication (3)

137.163 1.4 145.770 0.3

Other goods and services

406.656 1.8 403.483 0.4

Energy

250.115 1.6 277.082 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes are on the Dec. 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Pittsburgh, Pa. MSA includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties.

 

Consumer Price Indexes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), semiannual averages for the United States and Pittsburgh, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
Average
Pittsburgh
1st half 2014 Percent
change from
1st half 2013
1st half 2014 Percent
change from
1st half 2013

All items

232.639 1.7 232.587 1.1

All items (1967 = 100)

692.960   691.752  

Food and beverages

240.018 1.8 249.624 0.7

Food

239.999 1.8 248.359 0.6

Food at home

236.588 1.7 243.709 -0.9

Food away from home

247.093 2.2 259.952 3.7

Alcoholic beverages

239.082 1.3 259.625 2.9

Housing

228.605 2.6 215.643 1.8

Shelter

262.104 2.7 230.186 2.8

Rent of primary residence (1)

271.431 2.9 229.548 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

249.784 2.5 242.742 3.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

249.782 2.6 242.742 3.7

Fuels and utilities

232.092 4.8 254.367 0.1

Household energy

199.775 5.2 233.484 -2.0

Energy services (1)

201.536 5.1 213.549 -3.5

Electricity (1)

203.243 3.9 163.207 -9.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

191.785 9.3 237.713 6.9

Household furnishings and operations

119.453 -1.7 132.612 -2.9

Apparel

126.471 0.0 159.627 -2.1

Transportation

219.979 0.2 211.949 1.8

Private transportation

216.320 0.2 211.806 1.7

Motor fuel

308.177 -1.0 326.835 1.5

Gasoline

306.800 -1.1 329.842 1.4

Medical care

436.416 2.4 450.624 1.2

Recreation (3)

112.139 0.3 119.980 -3.4

Education and communication (3)

129.593 1.0 133.977 -0.2

Other goods and services

439.268 2.1 451.518 1.4

Energy

252.216 1.4 279.918 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes are on the Dec. 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Pittsburgh, Pa. MSA includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change from
1st half 2014 1st half 2013 2nd half 2013

U.S. city average

236.384 1.7 1.2


 

Anchorage, Alaska

214.777 1.9 0.4

Atlanta, Ga.

220.459 2.4 1.5

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

254.619 1.7 1.1

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

228.328 1.7 1.7

Cincinnati-Hamilton, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.

223.680 2.2 1.1


 

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

220.352 1.6 1.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

218.469 1.4 0.9

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo.

235.736 2.9 1.4

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

222.251 1.3 1.2

Honolulu, Hawaii

255.989 1.1 0.5


 

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

212.835 3.0 2.0

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.

222.842 0.4 0.8

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

242.122 1.2 1.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

242.921 2.1 1.9

Milwaukee-Racine, Wis.

228.005 1.1 1.5


 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis.

231.764 1.4 1.1

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

260.191 1.6 1.0

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

243.519 1.3 0.8

Phoenix-Mesa, Ariz. (1)

127.490 1.5 1.2

Pittsburgh, Pa.

238.663 1.1 1.2


 

Portland-Salem, Ore.-Wash.

239.751 2.6 1.0

St. Louis, Mo.-Ill.

220.440 1.4 0.9

San Diego, Calif.

265.251 2.4 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

250.507 2.7 1.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

245.125 1.8 1.1


 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (2)

210.736 2.1 1.7

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (3)

154.626 1.9 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Dec. 2001=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change from
1st half 2014 1st half 2013 2nd half 2013

U.S. city average

232.639 1.7 1.2


 

Anchorage, Alaska

213.142 2.0 0.3

Atlanta, Ga.

219.179 2.2 1.4

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

255.486 1.5 0.9

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

222.698 1.7 1.9

Cincinnati-Hamilton, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.

218.239 2.1 1.1


 

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

211.750 1.5 1.2

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

224.419 1.3 0.9

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo.

226.254 3.0 1.4

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

219.166 1.2 1.1

Honolulu, Hawaii

253.417 0.7 0.3


 

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

210.325 2.6 1.9

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.

214.905 0.3 0.8

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

235.201 1.3 1.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

241.518 2.0 1.9

Milwaukee-Racine, Wis.

234.221 1.3 1.6


 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis.

226.243 1.8 1.3

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

256.070 1.5 1.1

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

244.487 1.4 0.9

Phoenix-Mesa, Ariz. (1)

126.599 1.1 1.2

Pittsburgh, Pa.

232.587 1.1 1.3


 

Portland-Salem, Ore.-Wash.

233.565 2.4 0.9

St. Louis, Mo.-Ill.

220.003 1.0 0.7

San Diego, Calif.

250.188 2.1 1.2

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

247.097 2.5 1.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

242.006 2.0 1.3


 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (2)

211.399 1.9 1.7

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (3)

154.986 1.7 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Dec. 2001=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.