News Release Information

13-1588-DAL

Monday, August 19, 2013

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Further information:

Business Employment Dynamics in Oklahoma – December 2012


From September 2012 to December 2012 gross job gains in Oklahoma totaled 79,084, while gross job losses numbered 67,539, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,545. In contrast, during the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,263.

Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Oklahoma, December 2007–December 2012 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

In December 2012, gross job gains in Oklahoma were at their highest level since September 2011. (See chart 1.) Oklahoma’s employment gains have remained above 70,000 in each quarter since June 2010. Gross job losses declined in the three months ended in December 2012 after increasing in the previous quarter. During the most recent five-year period, job losses in the state peaked in March 2009 when more than 101,000 jobs were lost.


Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as percent of employment, United States and Oklahoma, December 2007–December 2012, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.5 percent of private sector employment in Oklahoma in the quarter ended December 2012, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Oklahoma’s rate of gross job gain equaled or exceeded the U.S. rate in every quarter from December 2007 to March 2009. Since then, the rate of gross job gains in the state has generally tracked with the U.S. rate.

During the fourth quarter 2012, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 7 of 11 industry sectors in Oklahoma. For example, within construction, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,836. While 5,844 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments in the industry, 9,680 were created at opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in December 2012. In leisure and hospitality, the loss of 10,056 jobs at closing and contracting establishments was more than offset by a gain of 12,624 jobs at opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net gain of 2,568 jobs. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in Oklahoma in December 2012, though the net loss in each sector was less than 100. The sectors were: information; professional and business services; other services; and manufacturing. Although professional and business services registered a small net change in December 2012, it led all industry sectors in terms of both gross job losses and gross job gains with more than 13,000 of each.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.


Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oklahoma, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2011
Mar.
2012
Jun.
2012
Sep.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Mar.
2012
Jun.
2012
Sep.
2012
Dec.
2012
Total private (1)

Gross job gains

76,516 75,110 73,855 72,938 79,084 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.5

  At expanding establishments

59,762 62,299 60,815 59,702 66,054 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.4

  At opening establishments

16,754 12,811 13,040 13,236 13,030 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

70,641 68,149 67,598 75,201 67,539 5.8 5.7 5.5 6.2 5.5

  At contracting establishments

54,484 51,363 57,653 58,397 55,893 4.5 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.6

  At closing establishments

16,157 16,786 9,945 16,804 11,646 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.4 0.9

Net employment change (2)

5,875 6,961 6,257 -2,263 11,545 0.6 0.6 0.6 -0.2 1.0
Construction

Gross job gains

7,512 7,252 7,000 7,182 9,680 10.9 10.4 10.1 10.4 13.5

  At expanding establishments

5,742 5,492 5,584 5,863 7,810 8.3 7.9 8.1 8.5 10.9

  At opening establishments

1,770 1,760 1,416 1,319 1,870 2.6 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.6

Gross job losses

7,185 7,773 6,466 7,402 5,844 10.4 11.3 9.4 10.6 8.2

  At contracting establishments

5,269 5,655 5,455 5,370 4,793 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.7

  At closing establishments

1,916 2,118 1,011 2,032 1,051 2.8 3.1 1.5 2.9 1.5

Net employment change (2)

327 -521 534 -220 3,836 0.5 -0.9 0.7 -0.2 5.3
Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,302 5,663 5,174 5,345 5,788 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.9 4.2

  At expanding establishments

4,839 5,237 4,491 4,614 5,349 3.7 3.9 3.3 3.4 3.9

  At opening establishments

463 426 683 731 439 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3

Gross job losses

4,275 4,208 4,309 5,617 5,825 3.3 3.2 3.2 4.2 4.3

  At contracting establishments

3,776 3,572 3,925 4,684 4,641 2.9 2.7 2.9 3.5 3.4

  At closing establishments

499 636 384 933 1,184 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,027 1,455 865 -272 -37 0.8 1.0 0.6 -0.3 -0.1
Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,516 3,607 3,358 3,349 3,394 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.5

  At expanding establishments

2,936 2,974 2,706 2,713 2,830 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6

  At opening establishments

580 633 652 636 564 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

2,762 2,836 2,493 2,984 2,573 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.9 4.2

  At contracting establishments

1,968 2,083 2,121 2,135 2,038 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3

  At closing establishments

794 753 372 849 535 1.3 1.3 0.6 1.4 0.9

Net employment change (2)

754 771 865 365 821 1.4 1.3 1.5 0.6 1.3
Retail trade

Gross job gains

9,910 10,083 9,916 9,767 10,698 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 6.1

  At expanding establishments

8,324 9,014 8,575 8,215 9,443 4.9 5.3 4.9 4.7 5.4

  At opening establishments

1,586 1,069 1,341 1,552 1,255 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

9,195 9,385 8,803 10,391 8,525 5.4 5.5 5.1 6.0 4.9

  At contracting establishments

7,902 8,076 8,100 8,876 7,611 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.1 4.4

  At closing establishments

1,293 1,309 703 1,515 914 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.5

Net employment change (2)

715 698 1,113 -624 2,173 0.4 0.4 0.6 -0.4 1.2
Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

2,591 1,997 2,170 1,972 2,285 6.2 4.7 5.1 4.6 5.3

  At expanding establishments

2,262 1,658 1,755 1,640 1,840 5.4 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.3

  At opening establishments

329 339 415 332 445 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0

Gross job losses

2,014 2,025 2,169 2,140 2,081 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.0 4.9

  At contracting establishments

1,600 1,593 1,794 1,674 1,831 3.8 3.8 4.2 3.9 4.3

  At closing establishments

414 432 375 466 250 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.6

Net employment change (2)

577 -28 1 -168 204 1.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.4
Information

Gross job gains

1,080 884 885 1,025 988 4.5 3.9 3.9 4.6 4.4

  At expanding establishments

844 730 805 934 833 3.5 3.2 3.5 4.2 3.7

  At opening establishments

236 154 80 91 155 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.7

Gross job losses

1,162 982 1,072 1,144 1,087 4.9 4.2 4.7 5.1 4.9

  At contracting establishments

806 792 994 830 974 3.4 3.4 4.4 3.7 4.4

  At closing establishments

356 190 78 314 113 1.5 0.8 0.3 1.4 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-82 -98 -187 -119 -99 -0.4 -0.3 -0.8 -0.5 -0.5
Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,976 3,782 3,821 4,004 4,297 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.6

  At expanding establishments

2,954 3,182 3,184 3,230 3,323 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.3

  At opening establishments

1,022 600 637 774 974 1.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.3

Gross job losses

3,414 3,511 3,634 3,775 3,585 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.6

  At contracting establishments

2,556 2,518 3,065 2,830 2,822 3.3 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.6

  At closing establishments

858 993 569 945 763 1.1 1.3 0.7 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

562 271 187 229 712 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.0
Professional and business services

Gross job gains

14,649 14,268 13,668 13,285 13,481 8.5 8.1 7.7 7.5 7.6

  At expanding establishments

10,890 11,649 11,211 10,875 11,044 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.2

  At opening establishments

3,759 2,619 2,457 2,410 2,437 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4

Gross job losses

14,622 12,724 12,580 14,099 13,561 8.3 7.3 7.1 7.9 7.7

  At contracting establishments

10,532 9,606 10,338 10,471 11,116 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3

  At closing establishments

4,090 3,118 2,242 3,628 2,445 2.3 1.8 1.3 2.0 1.4

Net employment change (2)

27 1,544 1,088 -814 -80 0.2 0.8 0.6 -0.4 -0.1
Education and health services

Gross job gains

9,038 7,763 8,263 9,275 9,033 4.6 4.0 4.1 4.7 4.6

  At expanding establishments

6,903 6,465 6,819 7,713 7,517 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.9 3.8

  At opening establishments

2,135 1,298 1,444 1,562 1,516 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

8,988 8,357 8,390 9,579 7,513 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.8 3.7

  At contracting establishments

6,512 6,067 7,074 7,055 5,899 3.3 3.1 3.6 3.5 2.9

  At closing establishments

2,476 2,290 1,316 2,524 1,614 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.8

Net employment change (2)

50 -594 -127 -304 1,520 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.9
Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

11,442 12,292 11,385 11,479 12,624 7.9 8.4 7.8 7.8 8.5

  At expanding establishments

8,080 9,504 8,938 8,707 10,170 5.6 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8

  At opening establishments

3,362 2,788 2,447 2,772 2,454 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7

Gross job losses

11,740 10,808 11,275 11,379 10,056 8.2 7.4 7.7 7.8 6.8

  At contracting establishments

9,350 7,438 9,961 9,212 8,132 6.5 5.1 6.8 6.3 5.5

  At closing establishments

2,390 3,370 1,314 2,167 1,924 1.7 2.3 0.9 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-298 1,484 110 100 2,568 -0.3 1.0 0.1 0.0 1.7
Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,735 2,711 2,779 2,520 2,517 8.2 8.0 8.2 7.5 7.4

  At expanding establishments

2,036 2,328 2,170 2,092 2,120 6.1 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.2

  At opening establishments

699 383 609 428 397 2.1 1.1 1.8 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

2,547 2,812 2,443 2,787 2,577 7.5 8.4 7.2 8.2 7.5

  At contracting establishments

1,964 1,932 2,147 2,052 2,099 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.0 6.1

  At closing establishments

583 880 296 735 478 1.7 2.6 0.9 2.2 1.4

Net employment change (2)

188 -101 336 -267 -60 0.7 -0.4 1.0 -0.7 -0.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2011
Mar.
2012
June
2012
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012
Dec.
2011
Mar.
2012
June
2012
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012

United States(1)

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.8

Alabama

5.9 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4

Alaska

9.6 10.8 11.1 9.0 9.5 10.7 8.9 9.4 10.2 10.1

Arizona

6.9 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.8

Arkansas

6.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.2

California

7.2 6.9 7.2 6.7 7.2 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2

Colorado

6.9 6.7 7.3 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.1

Delaware

6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.2 5.9 6.6 6.5 5.7

District of Columbia

5.8 6.4 5.8 5.7 6.5 5.4 4.4 5.6 6.0 5.4

Florida

7.1 6.7 6.8 7.1 7.1 6.7 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.2

Georgia

6.5 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.3 5.9

Hawaii

5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.3 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.4

Idaho

7.4 7.7 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.0 7.2

Illinois

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.2

Indiana

6.1 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.4

Iowa

5.9 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.4

Kansas

6.1 6.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 6.2 5.4

Kentucky

6.1 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.6

Louisiana

6.7 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.7 5.9

Maine

6.8 7.2 7.9 6.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.6

Maryland

6.5 6.7 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.2

Massachusetts

5.4 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.3

Michigan

6.1 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.4

Minnesota

5.5 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.8

Mississippi

6.3 6.5 5.8 6.2 6.7 6.1 5.6 6.6 6.0 6.1

Missouri

6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.9 5.5 6.4 5.9 5.6

Montana

8.4 8.0 8.3 7.9 8.3 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.7

Nebraska

5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.2

Nevada

6.0 6.0 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7

New Hampshire

6.9 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.8 6.4

New Jersey

6.5 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.0

New Mexico

6.4 6.9 6.8 6.4 7.1 6.8 5.9 6.9 6.5 5.9

New York

6.1 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.0 6.2 6.1

North Carolina

6.5 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.0 6.0 5.9

North Dakota

10.0 10.3 7.8 8.5 8.3 6.2 6.0 6.4 7.6 6.8

Ohio

6.0 6.0 5.9 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.9 5.6

Oklahoma

6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 6.2 5.5

Oregon

6.9 6.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.6

Pennsylvania

5.7 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.0

Rhode Island

6.2 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 5.6 5.9 6.3 6.0

South Carolina

6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.4

South Dakota

6.6 6.6 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.1

Tennessee

6.1 5.9 5.9 5.6 6.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.5 5.1

Texas

6.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.0

Utah

7.2 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.0

Vermont

8.3 7.2 7.4 6.9 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.4 7.1 7.1

Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.2 5.6

Washington

7.2 6.8 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5

West Virginia

6.8 7.2 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 7.0 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

5.6 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3

Wyoming

9.4 8.5 8.1 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.2

Puerto Rico

6.7 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.9 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.8

Virgin Islands

6.3 5.1 5.9 5.0 6.6 6.1 6.5 13.7 7.7 5.6

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: August 20, 2013