News Release Information

14-1319-CHI

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint – June 2014


The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint area rose 0.5 percent from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the energy index increased 4.7 percent while the food index fell 0.5 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy increased a slight 0.1 percent from April to June. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter and lower for apparel and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Detroit all items CPI-U rose 1.3 percent. The energy index fell 3.9 percent compared to last June due to annual declines in prices for gasoline and electricity. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the year.

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint

Food

Food prices fell 0.5 percent from April to June following a 1.2-percent increase over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the two components of the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) fell 0.7 percent and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were down 0.3 percent. Grocery prices were up 2.6 percent from June a year ago, while prices for food away from home were 1.7 percent higher. From June 2013 to June 2014, overall food prices rose 2.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index for Detroit rose 4.7 percent from April to June. Increases in the categories for gasoline (5.6 percent), utility (piped) gas service (5.0 percent), and electricity (3.2 percent) were all contributing factors to the bi-monthly gain.

From June 2013 to June 2014, overall energy prices decreased 3.9 percent. Prices for gasoline and electricity fell 4.3 percent and 7.8 percent, respectively, over the year. In contrast, costs for utility (piped) gas service were up 1.1 percent compared to last June.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent from April to June. Among the index’s components, prices were 0.4 percent higher for shelter. In contrast prices for apparel and recreation were down 3.0 percent and 1.0 percent, respectively.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent. Annual increases in costs for shelter (3.1 percent), medical care (3.7 percent), education and communication (3.8 percent), and apparel (6.2 percent) were contributing factors.

____________

The August 2014 Consumer Price Index for Detroit is scheduled to be released on September 17, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Table A. Percent Changes in the CPI-U, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure Category Percent changes from preceding 2 months 12 mo. ended June '14
2013 2014
June Aug. Oct. Dec. Feb. Apr. June

All items

1.2 -0.7 -0.1 -0.7 1.1 1.3 0.5 1.3

Food & beverages

0.1 0.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.4

Food

0.1 0.3 -0.2 1.1 0.4 1.2 -0.5 2.2

Housing

0.8 -0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.8 1.9

Apparel

-1.9 3.3 0.1 -6.9 7.2 6.0 -3.0 6.2

Transportation

3.4 -2.8 -1.6 -3.2 2.4 3.6 2.1 0.3

Medical care

0.8 1.7 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.2 3.7

Recreation

3.7 -3.6 -0.9 -2.9 -0.1 1.6 -1.0 -6.8

Education & communication

0.0 1.3 2.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.9 0.2 3.8

Other goods & services

0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 -0.3 1.3
Special Indexes

Energy

6.6 -8.4 -2.8 -3.0 1.4 4.8 4.7 -3.9

All items less food & energy

0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.6 1.1 0.8 0.1 2.0

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Genesee, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jun.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

223.326 - 224.482 1.3 0.5 -

All items (1967=100)

663.817 - 667.254 - - -

Food and beverages

217.997 - 217.552 2.4 -0.2 -

Food

218.687 - 217.502 2.2 -0.5 -

Food at home

212.998 209.725 211.553 2.6 -0.7 0.9

Food away from home

227.335 - 226.584 1.7 -0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

202.933 - 212.223 4.8 4.6 -

Housing

199.207 - 200.703 1.9 0.8 -

Shelter

223.459 223.815 224.335 3.1 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

224.907 225.049 225.570 2.9 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

222.361 222.599 223.000 2.5 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

222.361 222.599 223.000 2.5 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

236.943 - 243.858 -2.8 2.9 -

Household energy

189.029 191.984 195.765 -4.1 3.6 2.0

Energy services (1)

190.266 193.513 197.792 -4.3 4.0 2.2

Electricity (1)

207.581 207.581 214.156 -7.8 3.2 3.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

159.990 166.499 168.062 1.1 5.0 0.9

Household furnishings and operations

120.914 - 121.372 0.6 0.4 -

Apparel

130.253 - 126.397 6.2 -3.0 -

Transportation

254.735 - 260.165 0.3 2.1 -

Private transportation

253.856 - 259.529 0.4 2.2 -

Motor fuel

323.915 325.247 341.878 -3.5 5.5 5.1

Gasoline (all types)

321.811 323.184 339.829 -4.3 5.6 5.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

330.647 332.092 349.355 -4.6 5.7 5.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

359.807 361.060 379.218 -4.0 5.4 5.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

301.990 303.348 318.133 -1.3 5.3 4.9

Medical care

402.212 - 402.872 3.7 0.2 -

Recreation (5)

115.713 - 114.525 -6.8 -1.0 -

Education and communication (5)

144.556 - 144.835 3.8 0.2 -

Other goods and services

406.292 - 405.260 1.3 -0.3 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

223.326 - 224.482 1.3 0.5 -

Commodities

185.338 - 186.057 0.6 0.4 -

Commodities less food & beverages

167.843 - 169.108 0.0 0.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

210.779 - 213.881 -0.1 1.5 -

Durables

118.672 - 118.107 -0.1 -0.5 -

Services

263.070 - 264.664 1.7 0.6 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

216.220 - 217.405 1.2 0.5 -

All items less shelter

226.619 - 227.912 0.6 0.6 -

Commodities less food

169.289 - 170.819 0.1 0.9 -

Nondurables

214.663 - 216.044 0.8 0.6 -

Nondurables less food

210.262 - 213.752 0.0 1.7 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

319.040 - 321.609 0.5 0.8 -

Services less medical care services

253.322 - 255.039 1.6 0.7 -

Energy

253.313 255.611 265.197 -3.9 4.7 3.8

All items less energy

222.711 - 222.739 2.0 0.0 -

All items less food and energy

224.009 - 224.277 2.0 0.1 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: July 22, 2014