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14-1781-PHI

Thursday, September 25, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Roanoke – May 2013

Workers in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.66 in May 2013, 12 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 17 of the 22 major occupational groups, including architecture and engineering; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertaiment, sports, and media. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Roanoke United States Roanoke Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.33
$19.66*
-12

Management

4.9
3.7*
53.15
47.17*
-11

Business and financial operations

5.0
4.5
34.14
28.94*
-15

Computer and mathematical

2.8
1.6*
39.43
32.49*
-18

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.2*
38.51
30.77*
-20

Life, physical, and social science

0.9
0.4*
33.37
28.05*
-16

Community and social service

1.4
1.7*
21.50
20.73
-4

Legal

0.8
0.5*
47.89
40.71*
-15

Education, training, and library

6.3
5.3
24.76
23.56
-5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
1.0*
26.72
20.38*
-24

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8
8.0*
35.93
35.56
-1

Healthcare support

3.0
3.0
13.61
13.05*
-4

Protective service

2.5
2.5
20.92
16.32*
-22

Food preparation and serving related

9.0
8.8
10.38
9.76*
-6

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2
2.6*
12.51
11.02*
-12

Personal care and service

3.0
2.9
11.88
10.48*
-12

Sales and related

10.6
10.8
18.37
17.85
-3

Office and administrative support

16.2
17.9*
16.78
15.49*
-8

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.70
13.99*
20

Construction and extraction

3.8
4.2
21.94
16.58*
-24

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.6*
21.35
19.11*
-10

Production

6.6
7.8*
16.79
15.19*
-10

Transportation and material moving

6.8
7.1
16.28
15.18*
-7
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Roanoke is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Roanoke employment was more highly concentrated in 5 of the 22 occupational groups including health care practitioners and technical, office and administrative support, and production. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included management, computer and mathematical, and architecture and engineering.

One occupational group— healthcare practitioners and technical —was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Roanoke had 11,920 jobs in the healthcare practitioners and technical group, accounting for 8.0 percent of local area employment, significantly larger than the 5.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $35.56, not significantly different from the national average of $35.93.

With employment of 4,080, registered nurses was the largest occupation within the healthcare practitioners and technical group, followed by licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (1,290). Among the higher-paying jobs were pharmacists with a mean hourly wages of $57.64 and physical therapists with a wage of $50.31. At the lower end of the wage scale were pharmacy technicians ($14.26) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($14.97). (Detailed occupational data for the healthcare practitioners and technical group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_40220.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the Roanoke area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, general internists were employed at nearly three times the national rate in Roanoke, and surgeons at over 2.5 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, dental hygienists had a location quotient of 1.0 in Roanoke, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Virginia Employment Commission.

 

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing.  Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria. 

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample.  It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,821 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology , go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

 

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Roanoke, Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Botetourt, Craig, Franklin, and Roanoke Counties and Roanoke and Salem Cities in Virginia.

Additional information
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

11,920 1.4 $35.56 $73,960

Dentists, general

110 1.0 89.14 185,400

Dietitians and nutritionists

90 1.3 24.38 50,700

Optometrists

50 1.4 44.29 92,120

Pharmacists

510 1.6 57.64 119,900

Family and general practitioners

170 1.2 70.53 146,690

Internists, general

150 2.9 80.63 167,700

Obstetricians and gynecologists

70 2.7 95.00 197,610

Pediatricians, general

40 1.0 84.71 176,190

Psychiatrists

90 3.1 54.32 112,980

Surgeons

120 2.7 94.64 196,850

Physicians and surgeons, all other

660 1.9 105.70 219,850

Physician assistants

170 1.7 43.45 90,380

Occupational therapists

110 0.9 40.35 83,930

Physical therapists

340 1.5 50.31 104,640

Respiratory therapists

200 1.5 24.34 50,630

Speech-language pathologists

130 0.9 34.51 71,780

Exercise physiologists

30 5.0 22.63 47,080

Veterinarians

70 1.1 54.41 113,170

Registered nurses

4,080 1.4 27.63 57,470

Nurse practitioners

130 1.0 41.60 86,530

Audiologists

(5) (5) 32.93 68,500

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

170 0.9 22.03 45,820

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 20.67 43,000

Dental hygienists

220 1.0 35.56 73,960

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

50 0.9 29.15 60,640

Diagnostic medical sonographers

100 1.5 29.33 61,010

Radiologic technologists

280 1.3 23.78 49,470

Magnetic resonance image technologists

(5) (5) 29.13 60,580

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

220 0.8 14.97 31,150

Dietetic technicians

(5) (5) 11.79 24,520

Pharmacy technicians

460 1.1 14.26 29,660

Surgical technologists

(5) (5) 17.95 37,350

Veterinary technologists and technicians

70 0.7 17.44 36,260

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

1,290 1.6 18.83 39,170

Medical records and health information technicians

330 1.6 16.16 33,600

Opticians, dispensing

(5) (5) 14.03 29,170

Health technolgists and technicians, all other

100 1.0 (5) (5)

Occupational health and safety specialists

80 1.1 27.17 56,520

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

100 2.0 18.14 37,740

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Roanoke MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_40220.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not available.

 

Last Modified Date: September 25, 2014