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13-1121-PHI

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Pittsburgh – May 2012

Workers in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.28 in May 2012, roughly 3 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 12 of the 22 major occupational groups, including life, physical, and social science and computer and mathematical. Four other groups had wages that were measurably higher than their respective national averages; among these were management and production. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Pittsburgh United States Pittsburgh Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.01
$21.28
-3

Management

4.9
3.8*
52.20
53.60*
3

Business and financial operations

4.9
5.1
33.44
31.38*
-6

Computer and mathematical

2.7
2.8
38.55
33.92*
-12

Architecture and engineering

1.8
2.0*
37.98
34.86*
-8

Life, physical, and social science

0.8
0.9
32.87
27.75*
-16

Community and social service

1.4
2.0*
21.27
18.37*
-14

Legal

0.8
0.8
47.39
47.58
0

Education, training, and library

6.4
5.7*
24.62
26.03
6

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
1.1*
26.20
22.68*
-13

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9
6.6*
35.35
33.21*
-6

Healthcare support

3.0
3.5*
13.36
12.75*
-5

Protective service

2.5
2.1*
20.70
18.63*
-10

Food preparation and serving related

8.9
8.9
10.28
10.26
-0

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3
2.8*
12.34
12.39
0

Personal care and service

2.9
3.2*
11.80
11.09*
-6

Sales and related

10.6
10.7
18.26
18.54
2

Office and administrative support

16.4
17.2*
16.54
15.96*
-4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.65
13.32*
14

Construction and extraction

3.8
4.7*
21.61
22.24*
3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.0
21.09
20.21*
-4

Production

6.6
6.0*
16.59
17.67*
7

Transportation and material moving

6.7
6.1*
16.15
16.16
0
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Pittsburgh employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups including construction and extraction, office and administrative support, and healthcare practitioners and technical. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included management; education, training, and library; and transportation and material moving.

One occupational group—community and social service—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Pittsburgh had 22,090 jobs in community and social service, accounting for 2.0 percent of local area employment, significantly above the 1.4-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $18.37, which was significantly below the national average of $21.27.

With employment of 4,960, social and human service assistants was the largest occupation within the community and social service group, followed by child, family, and school social workers (2,720) and mental health counselors (2,540). Among the higher-paying jobs were probation officers and correctional treatment specialists ($25.02) and educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors ($24.12). At the lower end of the wage scale were rehabilitation counselors and social and human service assistants, with mean hourly wages of $15.50 and $13.41, respectively. (Detailed occupational data for community and social service are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_38300.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the Pittsburgh area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the occupations within the community and social service group. For instance, substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors were employed at over two-and-a-half times the national rate in Pittsburgh, as were mental health counselors; social and human service assistants were over one-and-a-half times the U.S. average. On the other hand, educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors had a location quotient of 1.0 in Pittsburgh, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area included 6,174 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Community and social service occupations

22,090 1.4 $18.37 $38,210

Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors

1,800 2.6 17.60 36,610

Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors

1,990 1.0 24.12 50,180

Marriage and family therapists

160 0.5 18.51 38,500

Mental health counselors

2,540 2.5 19.93 41,460

Rehabilitation counselors

1,280 1.4 15.50 32,240

Counselors, all other

110 0.5 26.17 54,420

Child, family, and school social workers

2,720 1.1 17.31 36,000

Healthcare social workers

1,900 1.6 20.61 42,860

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

2,310 2.4 19.67 40,910

Social workers, all other

210 0.4 29.46 61,280

Health educators

350 0.7 26.02 54,130

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

520 0.7 25.02 52,030

Social and human service assistants

4,960 1.6 13.41 27,900

Community health workers

110 0.3 17.29 35,960

Community and social service specialists, all other

500 0.6 20.10 41,820

Clergy

370 1.0 18.22 37,900

Directors, religious activities and education

160 1.0 18.65 38,800
* This occupation has the same title, but not necessarily the same content, as the 2010 SOC occupation.

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_47900.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ??year-round, full-time hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

 

Last Modified Date: June 6, 2013