News Release Information

14-2152-DAL
December 18, 2014

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Business Employment Dynamics in Texas – First Quarter 2014

From December 2013 to March 2014 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Texas totaled 553,296, while gross job losses numbered 479,767, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 73,529. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 79,141.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Texas have trended upward since bottoming out at about 436,000 in June 2009. After increasing in the previous two quarters, the number of gross job gains decreased by 13,308 in the three months ended in March 2014. Job losses in the state peaked in March 2009, when more than 620,000 jobs were lost, but have remained below 500,000 since December 2009. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Texas, March 2009–March 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Texas in the quarter ended March 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Texas has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since March 2009 and generally below the U.S. rate since the series began in September 1992. Similarly, the Texas rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment, at 5.1 percent, was lower than the national rate of 5.7 percent in March 2014. With few exceptions, the Texas gross job loss rate has remained below the U.S. rate since the series inception.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Texas, March 2009-March 2014, seasonally adjusted

During the first quarter 2014, Texas gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, more than 89,600 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in leisure and hospitality during the period, though over 69,300 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 20,246 jobs was the largest of any sector in the first quarter 2014. Other industries showing large net job gains included professional and business services and construction. Within professional and business services, more than 108,000 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, while nearly 96,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 12,786. Construction recorded a net employment gain of 10,675, with about 56,100 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and around 45,400 job losses in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, the information sector recorded a net employment loss of 2,152 jobs. Although more than 8,100 jobs were added in opening and expanding establishments, these gains were an offset by a loss of over 10,300 jobs at closing and contracting establishments.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 28, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

 
Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Texas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

547,024 535,691 552,753 566,604 553,296 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9

At expanding establishments

451,169 449,694 463,733 475,439 461,583 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.9

At opening establishments

95,855 85,997 89,020 91,165 91,713 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

471,555 469,198 485,228 487,463 479,767 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.1

At contracting establishments

404,677 392,813 411,210 407,182 407,255 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3

At closing establishments

66,878 76,385 74,018 80,281 72,512 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

75,469 66,493 67,525 79,141 73,529 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

Construction

 

Gross job gains

56,773 52,203 53,276 55,012 56,118 9.4 8.6 8.7 8.9 8.9

At expanding establishments

49,294 44,546 46,058 47,863 48,541 8.2 7.3 7.5 7.7 7.7

At opening establishments

7,479 7,657 7,218 7,149 7,577 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

45,110 48,904 47,193 49,164 45,443 7.5 8.0 7.6 7.9 7.2

At contracting establishments

38,698 42,553 40,768 41,744 38,903 6.4 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.2

At closing establishments

6,412 6,351 6,425 7,420 6,540 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

11,663 3,299 6,083 5,848 10,675 1.9 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

30,864 29,645 29,816 31,011 28,889 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.3

At expanding establishments

28,268 27,095 27,627 28,271 26,210 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0

At opening establishments

2,596 2,550 2,189 2,740 2,679 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Gross job losses

28,056 29,077 29,260 27,221 27,012 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.1

At contracting establishments

25,785 25,895 26,037 24,283 24,467 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8

At closing establishments

2,271 3,182 3,223 2,938 2,545 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

2,808 568 556 3,790 1,877 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

26,795 26,299 28,167 28,845 27,284 4.9 4.7 5.0 5.1 4.8

At expanding establishments

22,447 21,927 23,746 24,928 22,918 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.0

At opening establishments

4,348 4,372 4,421 3,917 4,366 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

20,532 24,313 22,441 21,364 22,854 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.8 4.1

At contracting establishments

16,331 20,591 18,131 16,279 18,499 3.0 3.7 3.2 2.9 3.3

At closing establishments

4,201 3,722 4,310 5,085 4,355 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

6,263 1,986 5,726 7,481 4,430 1.1 0.3 1.0 1.3 0.7

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

71,138 69,264 71,829 73,766 70,644 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.0 5.7

At expanding establishments

61,975 60,727 61,261 64,178 61,990 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0

At opening establishments

9,163 8,537 10,568 9,588 8,654 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

66,518 51,550 58,771 61,153 65,228 5.5 4.2 4.8 5.0 5.2

At contracting establishments

60,373 44,923 53,092 54,247 58,474 5.0 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.7

At closing establishments

6,145 6,627 5,679 6,906 6,754 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

4,620 17,714 13,058 12,613 5,416 0.4 1.5 1.1 1.0 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

19,250 20,612 19,198 23,257 21,439 4.9 5.2 4.8 5.9 5.4

At expanding establishments

16,626 17,330 16,262 21,007 18,256 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.3 4.6

At opening establishments

2,624 3,282 2,936 2,250 3,183 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8

Gross job losses

18,201 15,717 18,628 20,187 19,453 4.7 4.0 4.7 5.0 4.8

At contracting establishments

15,916 13,002 15,603 16,501 16,875 4.1 3.3 3.9 4.1 4.2

At closing establishments

2,285 2,715 3,025 3,686 2,578 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,049 4,895 570 3,070 1,986 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.9 0.6

Information

 

Gross job gains

8,109 10,171 9,446 9,567 8,164 4.1 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.0

At expanding establishments

7,072 9,098 8,315 8,414 6,729 3.6 4.6 4.1 4.2 3.3

At opening establishments

1,037 1,073 1,131 1,153 1,435 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

7,929 7,969 8,826 7,437 10,316 4.0 4.0 4.4 3.7 5.1

At contracting establishments

7,068 6,424 7,695 6,368 9,049 3.6 3.2 3.8 3.2 4.5

At closing establishments

861 1,545 1,131 1,069 1,267 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6

Net employment change (2)

180 2,202 620 2,130 -2,152 0.1 1.1 0.3 1.1 -1.1

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

30,370 32,398 33,642 32,547 29,811 4.6 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.3

At expanding establishments

24,655 26,354 27,155 25,618 24,054 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.5

At opening establishments

5,715 6,044 6,487 6,929 5,757 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

26,667 27,361 27,609 29,577 28,293 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.2

At contracting establishments

21,010 20,705 21,901 23,519 22,207 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.3

At closing establishments

5,657 6,656 5,708 6,058 6,086 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

3,703 5,037 6,033 2,970 1,518 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.1

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

107,590 103,042 113,127 113,877 108,673 7.5 7.0 7.7 7.7 7.2

At expanding establishments

89,211 86,355 95,295 91,583 90,119 6.2 5.9 6.5 6.2 6.0

At opening establishments

18,379 16,687 17,832 22,294 18,554 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.2

Gross job losses

94,563 97,772 97,330 99,482 95,887 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.3

At contracting establishments

77,972 78,685 81,067 81,424 80,017 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3

At closing establishments

16,591 19,087 16,263 18,058 15,870 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

13,027 5,270 15,797 14,395 12,786 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.0 0.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

67,789 61,116 64,686 68,857 62,586 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.4

At expanding establishments

49,789 51,630 54,389 58,617 52,665 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1 3.7

At opening establishments

18,000 9,486 10,297 10,240 9,921 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

53,335 56,419 56,896 55,330 58,614 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.1

At contracting establishments

46,216 47,203 47,018 44,987 50,163 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.5

At closing establishments

7,119 9,216 9,878 10,343 8,451 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

14,454 4,697 7,790 13,527 3,972 1.0 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

84,866 86,553 83,264 84,382 89,626 7.5 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.7

At expanding establishments

66,830 68,169 66,421 67,499 70,103 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.8 6.0

At opening establishments

18,036 18,384 16,843 16,883 19,523 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

73,917 72,531 78,291 74,883 69,380 6.6 6.4 6.9 6.5 6.0

At contracting establishments

65,044 61,543 67,063 63,621 58,062 5.8 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.0

At closing establishments

8,873 10,988 11,228 11,262 11,318 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

10,949 14,022 4,973 9,499 20,246 0.9 1.2 0.4 0.8 1.7

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

19,233 20,456 20,196 20,483 21,058 6.9 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.4

At expanding establishments

15,438 16,507 16,055 16,399 16,743 5.5 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.9

At opening establishments

3,795 3,949 4,141 4,084 4,315 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5

Gross job losses

17,695 18,220 18,806 19,720 17,717 6.3 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.2

At contracting establishments

14,541 14,810 15,255 15,862 14,193 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.0

At closing establishments

3,154 3,410 3,551 3,858 3,524 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2

Net employment change (2)

1,538 2,236 1,390 763 3,341 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.2 1.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014

United States (1)

6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7

Alabama

6.1 6.0 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 10.7 9.8 10.1 10.8 9.7 9.9 10.1 10.4 9.6

Arizona

6.1 6.2 6.4 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.4 6.0

Arkansas

5.8 5.3 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.0

California

9.1 7.0 6.9 7.3 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.1

Colorado

7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.9

Connecticut

5.2 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.0

Delaware

6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

District of Columbia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5

Florida

6.7 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8

Georgia

6.6 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.5 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6

Hawaii

5.2 5.2 5.6 5.4 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.5 5.1

Idaho

8.1 8.0 7.7 8.3 8.4 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.2

Illinois

5.6 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.5

Indiana

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5

Kansas

5.7 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.5

Kentucky

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.9

Louisiana

7.0 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.1 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8

Maine

6.8 8.1 7.4 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.4 7.3 7.5 7.0

Maryland

6.3 6.2 6.1 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.3 5.8

Massachusetts

6.4 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.0

Michigan

6.2 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.1

Minnesota

6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.9

Missouri

6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.5

Montana

8.2 8.0 7.7 8.2 7.2 7.6 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.9

Nebraska

6.0 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.2

New Hampshire

6.4 6.8 6.0 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9

New Jersey

6.5 6.5 6.2 6.4 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.2

New Mexico

6.4 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.4

New York

6.3 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.0

North Carolina

6.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6

North Dakota

8.3 7.3 8.3 8.2 8.6 6.6 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.8

Ohio

6.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0

Oregon

7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9

Rhode Island

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7

South Carolina

5.9 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8

South Dakota

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.9 6.3 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.0 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.3 4.7 5.3

Texas

5.9 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.1

Utah

7.4 7.0 6.9 7.4 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.0

Vermont

7.0 7.4 7.1 7.6 6.7 6.9 7.7 7.4 6.6 6.8

Virginia

5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5

Washington

8.6 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.6 6.3 5.9

West Virginia

6.4 6.2 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7

Wisconsin

5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

8.8 8.6 8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.0

Puerto Rico

5.7 6.0 6.1 6.6 5.1 6.3 6.0 6.6 5.2 6.4

Virgin Islands

5.7 4.9 5.7 5.5 4.9 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014