News Release Information

15-1300-DAL
Thursday, July 30, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Houston Area Employment — June 2015

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,987,000 in June 2015, up 55,700, or 1.9 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 2.1 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the Houston metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases in each month since July 2010. However, the local annual rate of gain has slowed in 2015, falling below the national rate in May 2015.(See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Houston metropolitan area, June 2009–June 2015

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality registered the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, adding 18,800 jobs since June 2014. The local rate of job growth, 6.4 percent, was more than double the national rate of 2.9 percent. Local growth was concentrated within food services and drinking places, which added 15,300 jobs during the period, a 6.5-percent increase. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

The education and health services supersector added 14,300 jobs, a 4.1-percent rise from June 2014; nationally, employment for this industry was up 2.7 percent. Local job gains for this major sector were broad-based, but strongest in ambulatory health care services and hospitals.

Trade, transportation, and utilities–the area’s largest supersector–registered an annual job increase of 12,600, up 2.1 percent from June 2014 to June 2015. The growth was led by a gain of 9,500 jobs in the retail trade industry, an increase of 3.2 percent. The area’s transportation and utilities industry added 1,700 jobs during the period while wholesale trade added 1,400 jobs. The trade, transportation, and utilities supersector expanded 2.0 percent nationally.

The professional and business services supersector gained 10,900 jobs from June 2014, a 2.3-percent rise. Nationwide, this industry registered a 3.5-percent increase from June a year ago.

Government employment expanded by 5,500 jobs over the year, with the local government jurisdiction accounting for nearly all of the increase, up 4,900. Employment gains in local government were led by educational services, which added 4,300 jobs, or 2.3 percent. Locally, total government employment increased 1.5 percent compared to a 0.2-percent gain nationally.

The construction supersector in the Houston area gained 2,400 jobs over the year, reflecting growth in specialty trade contractors and construction of buildings. The total construction sector rose 1.2 percent locally and 4.2 percent nationally.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, June 2015

Two local supersectors experienced annual losses of more than 1,000 jobs from June 2014–manufacturing (-8,300) and financial activities (-1,400). The Houston manufacturing job decline reflected a 5.3-percent loss in durable goods manufacturing and a 1.2-percent gain in non-durable goods manufacturing. Local manufacturing employment fell 3.3 percent compared to a national increase of 1.3 percent. Employment in Houston’s financial activities supersector also declined over the year, down 0.9 percent, compared to the nationwide gain of 2.0 percent.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in June 2015. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with seven exceeding the national average of 2.1 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.6 percent, followed by Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell (3.1 percent), and Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (3.0 percent each). The slowest rates of job growth were in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1.1 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (1.3 percent).(See chart 3 and table 2.)

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, June 2015

New York-Newark-Jersey City added the largest number of jobs, 168,900, since June 2014. Two other metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim and Dallas, gained more than 100,000 jobs over the year. Philadelphia and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale added the fewest number of jobs.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 7 of the 12 metropolitan areas from a year ago—Atlanta, Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Chicago, Dallas, Miami, San Francisco, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Education and health services recorded the largest gains in four areas—Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and Phoenix.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in Chicago, Houston, New York, and Phoenix. Boston was the only area that recorded no job losses in any supersector from June 2014 to June 2015.

Metropolitan area employment data for July 2015 are scheduled to be released on Friday, August 21, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information
More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015(p)
Change from Jun.
2014 to Jun. 2015
Number Percent

U.S.

 

Total nonfarm

139,891 141,437 142,362 142,817 2,926 2.1

Mining and logging

900 852 839 844 -56 -6.2

Construction

6,310 6,254 6,439 6,572 262 4.2

Manufacturing

12,255 12,270 12,314 12,415 160 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,407 26,571 26,791 26,940 533 2.0

Information

2,738 2,787 2,791 2,798 60 2.2

Financial activities

8,020 8,057 8,093 8,181 161 2.0

Professional and business services

19,207 19,596 19,694 19,878 671 3.5

Education and health services

21,254 22,096 22,049 21,831 577 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

15,343 14,982 15,387 15,781 438 2.9

Other services

5,635 5,629 5,669 5,719 84 1.5

Government

21,822 22,343 22,296 21,858 36 0.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

2,931.3 2,971.6 2,982.7 2,987.0 55.7 1.9

Mining and logging

109.2 110.5 108.1 108.9 -0.3 -0.3

Construction

202.8 206.4 204.4 205.2 2.4 1.2

Manufacturing

255.3 252.1 249.0 247.0 -8.3 -3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

594.9 602.8 608.3 607.5 12.6 2.1

Information

33.3 34.3 33.8 33.9 0.6 1.8

Financial activities

148.1 146.6 146.0 146.7 -1.4 -0.9

Professional and business services

466.8 464.3 471.2 477.7 10.9 2.3

Education and health services

347.4 362.4 363.2 361.7 14.3 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

294.1 301.2 307.6 312.9 18.8 6.4

Other services

105.5 103.9 104.5 106.1 0.6 0.6

Government

373.9 387.1 386.6 379.4 5.5 1.5

(p) preliminary



Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015(p)
Change from
Jun. 2014 to Jun. 2015
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,502.0 2,567.2 2,582.8 2,579.3 77.3 3.1

Mining and logging

1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 -0.1 -7.1

Construction

101.4 104.5 105.7 105.9 4.5 4.4

Manufacturing

152.8 154.1 153.9 154.9 2.1 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

551.3 568.0 569.2 569.0 17.7 3.2

Information

89.4 88.3 88.4 89.4 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

159.6 164.8 164.8 164.6 5.0 3.1

Professional and business services

462.9 473.1 481.0 483.2 20.3 4.4

Education and health services

303.3 316.7 316.5 311.7 8.4 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

265.2 271.5 279.9 278.6 13.4 5.1

Other services

95.4 94.8 94.4 95.5 0.1 0.1

Government

319.3 330.1 327.7 325.2 5.9 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,613.1 2,620.0 2,644.9 2,665.9 52.8 2.0

Mining, logging, and construction

98.4 94.0 99.3 103.6 5.2 5.3

Manufacturing

193.0 190.2 190.7 193.1 0.1 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

415.2 408.7 414.4 418.7 3.5 0.8

Information

76.0 76.1 76.4 77.9 1.9 2.5

Financial activities

174.4 174.1 174.6 177.4 3.0 1.7

Professional and business services

447.3 450.0 454.8 460.7 13.4 3.0

Education and health services

530.9 555.8 552.2 542.0 11.1 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

263.0 245.9 257.1 269.2 6.2 2.4

Other services

103.4 102.2 103.0 105.2 1.8 1.7

Government

311.5 323.0 322.4 318.1 6.6 2.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,557.5 4,529.5 4,584.0 4,618.7 61.2 1.3

Mining and logging

1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 -0.1 -6.3

Construction

163.3 155.3 163.0 168.4 5.1 3.1

Manufacturing

412.4 405.9 405.7 409.0 -3.4 -0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

910.1 909.4 919.1 926.9 16.8 1.8

Information

81.4 80.0 80.6 81.1 -0.3 -0.4

Financial activities

291.6 284.5 285.5 289.1 -2.5 -0.9

Professional and business services

808.5 806.2 818.2 827.6 19.1 2.4

Education and health services

683.1 701.5 702.1 699.8 16.7 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

456.4 435.4 450.3 460.7 4.3 0.9

Other services

198.2 193.0 194.9 196.2 -2.0 -1.0

Government

550.9 556.9 563.1 558.4 7.5 1.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,283.3 3,369.1 3,377.1 3,401.1 117.8 3.6

Mining, logging, and construction

194.9 198.3 196.4 197.4 2.5 1.3

Manufacturing

263.3 261.0 260.5 262.0 -1.3 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

679.7 700.7 703.0 706.6 26.9 4.0

Information

83.0 81.1 81.2 81.2 -1.8 -2.2

Financial activities

265.7 275.4 276.8 277.3 11.6 4.4

Professional and business services

536.1 557.2 557.3 567.7 31.6 5.9

Education and health services

398.1 415.9 416.5 419.3 21.2 5.3

Leisure and hospitality

343.6 349.7 354.2 362.8 19.2 5.6

Other services

118.5 117.8 117.0 118.2 -0.3 -0.3

Government

400.4 412.0 414.2 408.6 8.2 2.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,931.3 2,971.6 2,982.7 2,987.0 55.7 1.9

Mining and logging

109.2 110.5 108.1 108.9 -0.3 -0.3

Construction

202.8 206.4 204.4 205.2 2.4 1.2

Manufacturing

255.3 252.1 249.0 247.0 -8.3 -3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

594.9 602.8 608.3 607.5 12.6 2.1

Information

33.3 34.3 33.8 33.9 0.6 1.8

Financial activities

148.1 146.6 146.0 146.7 -1.4 -0.9

Professional and business services

466.8 464.3 471.2 477.7 10.9 2.3

Education and health services

347.4 362.4 363.2 361.7 14.3 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

294.1 301.2 307.6 312.9 18.8 6.4

Other services

105.5 103.9 104.5 106.1 0.6 0.6

Government

373.9 387.1 386.6 379.4 5.5 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,709.0 5,850.9 5,860.4 5,861.0 152.0 2.7

Mining and logging

5.4 5.1 5.2 5.3 -0.1 -1.9

Construction

201.7 213.7 214.9 216.0 14.3 7.1

Manufacturing

524.6 525.8 526.2 526.9 2.3 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,049.9 1,067.8 1,069.9 1,074.8 24.9 2.4

Information

213.2 225.5 216.5 215.4 2.2 1.0

Financial activities

324.2 327.3 326.4 327.6 3.4 1.0

Professional and business services

880.2 899.1 900.9 903.2 23.0 2.6

Education and health services

923.3 971.4 976.1 966.3 43.0 4.7

Leisure and hospitality

666.5 676.5 684.8 688.2 21.7 3.3

Other services

200.7 204.4 207.1 208.7 8.0 4.0

Government

719.3 734.3 732.4 728.6 9.3 1.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,395.9 2,499.8 2,502.0 2,467.0 71.1 3.0

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

102.1 105.7 106.2 107.1 5.0 4.9

Manufacturing

80.8 81.8 81.3 81.3 0.5 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

561.1 576.0 576.9 574.8 13.7 2.4

Information

48.3 48.3 48.6 48.4 0.1 0.2

Financial activities

168.4 174.5 175.6 174.0 5.6 3.3

Professional and business services

387.0 401.8 403.1 403.5 16.5 4.3

Education and health services

353.7 369.2 371.3 365.8 12.1 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

296.2 314.1 311.7 309.5 13.3 4.5

Other services

117.0 121.5 121.1 122.4 5.4 4.6

Government

280.7 306.3 305.6 279.6 -1.1 -0.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,226.9 9,226.4 9,318.3 9,395.8 168.9 1.8

Mining, logging, and construction

356.1 348.1 362.2 373.5 17.4 4.9

Manufacturing

373.2 366.2 367.8 370.3 -2.9 -0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,702.4 1,689.0 1,706.3 1,717.1 14.7 0.9

Information

286.4 284.0 283.5 285.8 -0.6 -0.2

Financial activities

763.3 752.1 754.1 765.8 2.5 0.3

Professional and business services

1,447.2 1,443.7 1,454.6 1,469.1 21.9 1.5

Education and health services

1,705.3 1,784.7 1,791.1 1,770.9 65.6 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

886.0 837.5 873.0 916.1 30.1 3.4

Other services

408.6 409.8 418.0 423.5 14.9 3.6

Government

1,298.4 1,311.3 1,307.7 1,303.7 5.3 0.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,803.9 2,814.0 2,831.1 2,836.1 32.2 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

108.6 110.2 115.0 116.3 7.7 7.1

Manufacturing

180.2 178.3 177.9 178.9 -1.3 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

516.0 516.8 520.4 523.7 7.7 1.5

Information

46.6 45.5 45.7 45.8 -0.8 -1.7

Financial activities

205.3 205.5 206.3 206.3 1.0 0.5

Professional and business services

451.8 442.2 445.0 447.5 -4.3 -1.0

Education and health services

577.8 603.3 597.4 590.1 12.3 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

258.6 248.9 260.9 269.3 10.7 4.1

Other services

120.5 121.8 122.5 121.9 1.4 1.2

Government

338.5 341.5 340.0 336.3 -2.2 -0.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,816.0 1,904.3 1,895.0 1,866.8 50.8 2.8

Mining and logging

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

96.1 99.6 101.3 102.0 5.9 6.1

Manufacturing

118.6 116.4 116.9 117.3 -1.3 -1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

360.9 368.0 367.7 367.8 6.9 1.9

Information

35.4 35.7 35.4 35.9 0.5 1.4

Financial activities

161.6 165.6 166.6 166.0 4.4 2.7

Professional and business services

306.9 316.0 315.7 318.7 11.8 3.8

Education and health services

263.5 277.7 277.6 276.2 12.7 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

196.2 209.0 206.9 200.7 4.5 2.3

Other services

64.1 68.6 68.2 67.8 3.7 5.8

Government

209.3 244.3 235.3 211.0 1.7 0.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,188.6 2,238.7 2,247.3 2,253.3 64.7 3.0

Mining and logging

0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 -0.1 -11.1

Construction

101.5 105.0 103.8 105.3 3.8 3.7

Manufacturing

121.0 123.8 124.4 124.6 3.6 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

352.7 353.5 356.6 359.7 7.0 2.0

Information

78.1 81.2 81.0 81.5 3.4 4.4

Financial activities

128.1 126.3 127.4 127.5 -0.6 -0.5

Professional and business services

440.5 464.8 467.1 470.0 29.5 6.7

Education and health services

323.6 331.2 329.8 326.2 2.6 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

254.3 255.1 259.2 262.4 8.1 3.2

Other services

83.5 86.6 86.1 85.9 2.4 2.9

Government

304.4 310.4 311.1 309.4 5.0 1.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,135.9 3,163.0 3,183.2 3,204.4 68.5 2.2

Mining, logging, and construction

152.1 150.5 153.7 153.3 1.2 0.8

Manufacturing

50.6 48.9 48.9 49.3 -1.3 -2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

398.0 402.4 404.1 407.5 9.5 2.4

Information

77.8 75.6 76.7 78.0 0.2 0.3

Financial activities

153.2 149.9 149.2 150.9 -2.3 -1.5

Professional and business services

709.9 718.6 724.8 734.8 24.9 3.5

Education and health services

394.5 421.2 419.2 413.3 18.8 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

313.8 303.2 310.9 320.4 6.6 2.1

Other services

196.2 194.5 196.1 197.7 1.5 0.8

Government

689.8 698.2 699.6 699.2 9.4 1.4

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 30, 2015