News Release Information

15-2018-DAL
Friday, November 06, 2015

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Technical information:
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Houston Area Employment — September 2015

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,983,400 in September 2015, up 36,200, or 1.2 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.9 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the Houston metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases in each month since July 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Houston metropolitan area, September 2009–September 2015

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality registered the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, adding 18,600 jobs since September 2014. The local rate of job growth, 6.5 percent, was more than double the national rate of 2.9 percent. Local growth was concentrated within food services and drinking places, which added 16,300 jobs during the period, a 7.0-percent increase. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

The education and health services supersector added 17,700 jobs, a 5.0-percent rise from September 2014; nationally, employment in this industry was up 2.6 percent. Local job gains for this major sector were strongest in ambulatory health care services and hospitals.

Government employment expanded by 9,400 jobs over the year, with local government accounting for nearly all of the increase, up 9,200. Employment gains in local government were led by educational services, which added 6,800 jobs. In the Houston area, total government employment increased 2.5 percent compared to a 0.8-percent gain nationally.

Trade, transportation, and utilities–the area’s largest supersector–added 5,800 jobs, up 1.0 percent from September 2014 to September 2015. A gain of 11,300 jobs in the area’s retail trade industry, an increase of 3.8 percent, was partially offset by declines in wholesale trade (-3,000) and transportation and utilities (-2,500) during the period. The trade, transportation, and utilities supersector expanded 2.0 percent nationally.

Professional and business services added 3,800 jobs from September 2014, a 0.8-percent rise. This local supersector has registered annual job gains each year since June 2010; however, its current rate was the lowest recorded during this period. Nationwide, the professional and business services supersector registered a 3.1-percent increase from September a year ago.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, September 2015

Manufacturing had the largest job loss in Houston in September 2015, declining 12,300. Locally, manufacturing employment fell 4.8 percent compared to a national increase of 0.7 percent. Two other Houston area supersectors had job losses of 3,000 or more from the previous year–financial activities (-4,800) and construction (-3,300). The rates of job declines in both financial activities (-3.2 percent) and construction (-1.6 percent) were in contrast to the nationwide gains of 1.8 and 3.1 percent, respectively.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in September 2015. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with six exceeding the national average of 1.9 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, up 3.4 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (3.0 percent) and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell (2.9 percent). The slowest rates of job growth were in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (0.9 percent each). (See chart 3 and table 2.)

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, September 2015

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim added the largest number of jobs, 129,900, since September 2014. Two other metropolitan areas, New York-Newark-Jersey City and Dallas, gained more than 98,000 jobs over the year. Philadelphia added the fewest jobs.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas from a year ago–Atlanta, Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Chicago, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, San Francisco, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Education and health services recorded the largest gains in three areas–Los Angeles, New York, and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in 8 of the 12 areas–Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, New York, Philadelphia, Phoenix, and Washington. Miami was the only area that recorded no job loss of 1,000 or more in any supersector from September 2014 to September 2015.

Metropolitan area employment data for October 2015 are scheduled to be released on Friday, November 20, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information
More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Sep
2014
Jul
2015
Aug
2015
Sep
2015(p)
Change from Sep
2014 to Sep 2015(p)
Net Change Percent Change

United States

 

Total nonfarm

139,919 141,872 142,069 142,627 2,708 1.9

Mining and logging

923 842 832 818 -105 -11.4

Construction

6,429 6,653 6,684 6,628 199 3.1

Manufacturing

12,278 12,416 12,416 12,370 92 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,391 26,966 26,959 26,906 515 2.0

Information

2,746 2,808 2,805 2,789 43 1.6

Financial activities

8,016 8,218 8,214 8,161 145 1.8

Professional and business services

19,311 19,919 19,966 19,915 604 3.1

Education and health services

21,504 21,753 21,797 22,058 554 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

14,970 15,876 15,844 15,398 428 2.9

Other services

5,573 5,721 5,679 5,628 55 1.0

Government

21,778 20,700 20,873 21,956 178 0.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

2,947.2 2,982.2 2,977.0 2,983.4 36.2 1.2

Mining and logging

111.7 110.5 111.3 111.5 -0.2 -0.2

Construction

208.6 203.4 204.6 205.3 -3.3 -1.6

Manufacturing

256.8 248.8 246.4 244.5 -12.3 -4.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

599.3 608.8 609.2 605.1 5.8 1.0

Information

32.4 34.1 34.5 34.5 2.1 6.5

Financial activities

148.8 145.9 144.4 144.0 -4.8 -3.2

Professional and business services

470.0 481.7 480.3 473.8 3.8 0.8

Education and health services

354.1 364.0 365.8 371.8 17.7 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

286.9 312.1 311.7 305.5 18.6 6.5

Other services

104.3 105.9 106.3 103.7 -0.6 -0.6

Government

374.3 367.0 362.5 383.7 9.4 2.5

(p) preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Sep
2014
Jul
2015
Aug
2015
Sep
2015(p)
Change from
Sep 2014 to Sep 2015(p)
Net Change Percent Change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,519.8 2,587.4 2,595.7 2,592.1 72.3 2.9

Mining and logging

1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 0.0 0.0

Construction

103.9 107.8 110.6 109.5 5.6 5.4

Manufacturing

153.5 156.2 155.9 156.8 3.3 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

554.3 573.0 572.1 570.8 16.5 3.0

Information

88.2 88.8 87.9 87.4 -0.8 -0.9

Financial activities

160.2 165.0 165.1 164.7 4.5 2.8

Professional and business services

469.0 491.9 490.6 487.2 18.2 3.9

Education and health services

309.4 312.4 317.8 317.2 7.8 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

260.5 280.1 275.4 270.1 9.6 3.7

Other services

95.1 95.6 94.6 93.8 -1.3 -1.4

Government

324.4 315.3 324.3 333.3 8.9 2.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,600.9 2,656.0 2,646.7 2,648.2 47.3 1.8

Mining, logging, and construction

99.7 104.9 105.7 103.3 3.6 3.6

Manufacturing

191.5 192.6 191.8 189.9 -1.6 -0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

410.6 417.4 416.2 412.7 2.1 0.5

Information

75.1 78.6 77.6 77.3 2.2 2.9

Financial activities

172.8 177.5 178.5 176.9 4.1 2.4

Professional and business services

446.0 464.4 463.3 459.9 13.9 3.1

Education and health services

537.7 546.6 543.7 550.8 13.1 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

255.7 272.5 271.7 259.3 3.6 1.4

Other services

100.5 108.0 107.2 102.5 2.0 2.0

Government

311.3 293.5 291.0 315.6 4.3 1.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,536.2 4,592.2 4,579.7 4,575.3 39.1 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 -0.1 -6.3

Construction

166.8 173.6 172.9 170.8 4.0 2.4

Manufacturing

408.9 408.3 406.6 406.3 -2.6 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

908.1 925.3 922.4 917.8 9.7 1.1

Information

80.3 80.7 79.7 79.9 -0.4 -0.5

Financial activities

290.3 290.3 290.7 288.6 -1.7 -0.6

Professional and business services

808.2 826.8 824.6 822.6 14.4 1.8

Education and health services

685.0 688.7 688.4 695.3 10.3 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

443.8 459.7 458.8 446.0 2.2 0.5

Other services

194.2 196.5 196.3 194.2 0.0 0.0

Government

549.0 540.8 537.8 552.3 3.3 0.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,299.3 3,387.5 3,390.9 3,398.0 98.7 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

197.8 195.3 195.0 193.7 -4.1 -2.1

Manufacturing

263.0 260.5 258.5 258.6 -4.4 -1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

686.7 708.6 709.9 711.5 24.8 3.6

Information

81.5 81.6 81.9 82.1 0.6 0.7

Financial activities

267.4 275.8 276.0 276.1 8.7 3.3

Professional and business services

544.2 567.5 569.6 567.4 23.2 4.3

Education and health services

404.7 422.2 425.1 427.1 22.4 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

337.7 363.6 360.5 355.5 17.8 5.3

Other services

116.5 120.5 121.9 120.8 4.3 3.7

Government

399.8 391.9 392.5 405.2 5.4 1.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,947.2 2,982.2 2,977.0 2,983.4 36.2 1.2

Mining and logging

111.7 110.5 111.3 111.5 -0.2 -0.2

Construction

208.6 203.4 204.6 205.3 -3.3 -1.6

Manufacturing

256.8 248.8 246.4 244.5 -12.3 -4.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

599.3 608.8 609.2 605.1 5.8 1.0

Information

32.4 34.1 34.5 34.5 2.1 6.5

Financial activities

148.8 145.9 144.4 144.0 -4.8 -3.2

Professional and business services

470.0 481.7 480.3 473.8 3.8 0.8

Education and health services

354.1 364.0 365.8 371.8 17.7 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

286.9 312.1 311.7 305.5 18.6 6.5

Other services

104.3 105.9 106.3 103.7 -0.6 -0.6

Government

374.3 367.0 362.5 383.7 9.4 2.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,739.4 5,820.1 5,826.0 5,869.3 129.9 2.3

Mining and logging

5.5 5.2 5.2 5.2 -0.3 -5.5

Construction

206.7 216.9 220.4 218.7 12.0 5.8

Manufacturing

522.8 527.8 524.3 526.7 3.9 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,058.8 1,078.4 1,078.6 1,080.9 22.1 2.1

Information

221.0 216.4 219.1 218.3 -2.7 -1.2

Financial activities

323.8 327.4 327.2 323.5 -0.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

891.1 906.6 907.7 909.0 17.9 2.0

Education and health services

942.2 957.0 959.9 976.7 34.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

665.8 692.8 693.3 692.2 26.4 4.0

Other services

201.9 208.0 206.7 207.3 5.4 2.7

Government

699.8 683.6 683.6 710.8 11.0 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,427.0 2,449.7 2,477.9 2,483.4 56.4 2.3

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

105.0 106.7 108.9 108.7 3.7 3.5

Manufacturing

81.2 80.4 80.4 80.9 -0.3 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

564.0 571.4 573.3 572.5 8.5 1.5

Information

47.8 48.2 48.2 48.0 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

169.1 174.3 173.7 173.5 4.4 2.6

Professional and business services

390.4 404.1 407.5 409.2 18.8 4.8

Education and health services

358.5 363.4 365.3 366.5 8.0 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

291.9 303.0 303.1 303.6 11.7 4.0

Other services

117.1 120.3 119.9 119.3 2.2 1.9

Government

301.4 277.3 297.0 300.6 -0.8 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,163.3 9,332.7 9,291.6 9,278.7 115.4 1.3

Mining, logging, and construction

366.3 375.8 378.4 375.9 9.6 2.6

Manufacturing

370.3 367.5 369.0 367.1 -3.2 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,696.1 1,706.6 1,705.8 1,713.5 17.4 1.0

Information

282.7 284.5 283.0 280.0 -2.7 -1.0

Financial activities

757.2 767.8 766.1 759.9 2.7 0.4

Professional and business services

1,447.1 1,467.8 1,467.3 1,452.4 5.3 0.4

Education and health services

1,718.2 1,740.1 1,732.9 1,763.8 45.6 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

860.6 922.8 916.8 885.3 24.7 2.9

Other services

403.8 426.7 424.3 416.3 12.5 3.1

Government

1,261.0 1,273.1 1,248.0 1,264.5 3.5 0.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,793.6 2,807.1 2,794.6 2,819.6 26.0 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

109.3 116.8 119.4 118.0 8.7 8.0

Manufacturing

179.3 177.9 177.3 177.4 -1.9 -1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

511.8 521.8 519.9 520.5 8.7 1.7

Information

46.1 45.5 45.3 45.1 -1.0 -2.2

Financial activities

203.9 209.4 208.7 207.3 3.4 1.7

Professional and business services

451.3 449.2 446.9 449.9 -1.4 -0.3

Education and health services

591.4 585.1 584.8 594.2 2.8 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

251.3 269.8 265.4 257.4 6.1 2.4

Other services

117.9 121.5 120.1 119.7 1.8 1.5

Government

331.3 310.1 306.8 330.1 -1.2 -0.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,857.8 1,860.4 1,888.0 1,904.6 46.8 2.5

Mining and logging

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

94.6 102.0 101.9 102.8 8.2 8.7

Manufacturing

118.3 117.1 118.1 116.9 -1.4 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

363.0 368.4 370.2 369.0 6.0 1.7

Information

34.7 35.8 35.2 34.9 0.2 0.6

Financial activities

162.7 167.4 167.7 168.0 5.3 3.3

Professional and business services

308.4 320.4 318.3 316.5 8.1 2.6

Education and health services

270.8 275.5 280.2 279.2 8.4 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

196.7 198.8 201.6 204.8 8.1 4.1

Other services

64.7 68.0 66.8 67.3 2.6 4.0

Government

240.5 203.6 224.6 241.8 1.3 0.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,199.2 2,255.7 2,268.5 2,275.0 75.8 3.4

Mining and logging

0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 -0.1 -11.1

Construction

104.4 107.8 110.3 108.8 4.4 4.2

Manufacturing

122.4 124.6 124.8 124.2 1.8 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

355.3 362.4 362.5 363.7 8.4 2.4

Information

78.8 82.2 82.7 82.5 3.7 4.7

Financial activities

128.8 127.6 128.1 127.6 -1.2 -0.9

Professional and business services

447.4 479.4 482.6 482.3 34.9 7.8

Education and health services

326.4 325.6 325.4 331.4 5.0 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

252.9 261.7 266.5 263.3 10.4 4.1

Other services

83.6 85.9 85.7 86.3 2.7 3.2

Government

298.3 297.7 299.1 304.1 5.8 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,118.7 3,190.3 3,164.3 3,172.0 53.3 1.7

Mining, logging, and construction

151.0 153.8 154.1 155.7 4.7 3.1

Manufacturing

50.3 49.8 49.5 49.1 -1.2 -2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

395.3 405.5 403.2 398.9 3.6 0.9

Information

76.9 77.2 75.9 76.2 -0.7 -0.9

Financial activities

151.9 151.6 151.4 150.8 -1.1 -0.7

Professional and business services

704.6 733.7 729.9 722.8 18.2 2.6

Education and health services

405.3 415.0 414.7 420.3 15.0 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

302.1 319.6 315.8 307.8 5.7 1.9

Other services

194.0 198.9 197.8 197.3 3.3 1.7

Government

687.3 685.2 672.0 693.1 5.8 0.8

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, November 06, 2015