News Release Information

16-885-ATL
Tuesday, May 03, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford—May 2015

Workers in the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.93 in May 2015, about 14 percent below the nationwide average of $23.23, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and computer and mathematical. One group had a significantly higher wage than their respective national average: food preparation and serving related.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including food preparation and serving related; sales and related; and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; management; and education, training, and library. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2015
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Orlando United States Orlando Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $23.23 $19.93* -14

Management

5.0 3.3* 55.30 53.93* -2

Business and financial operations

5.1 5.2 35.48 31.72* -11

Computer and mathematical

2.9 2.6* 41.43 36.10* -13

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.3* 39.89 35.28* -12

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.5* 34.24 27.45* -20

Community and social services

1.4 0.7* 22.19 20.93* -6

Legal

0.8 0.9* 49.74 53.92 8

Education, training, and library

6.2 4.8* 25.48 21.91* -14

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.6* 27.39 22.17* -19

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 5.0* 37.40 34.04* -9

Healthcare support

2.9 2.2* 14.19 13.94 -2

Protective service

2.4 2.6 21.45 16.70* -22

Food preparation and serving related

9.1 12.6* 10.98 11.96* 9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 5.0* 13.02 11.45* -12

Personal care and service

3.1 3.9* 12.33 11.62* -6

Sales and related

10.5 13.5* 18.90 17.13* -9

Office and administrative support

15.8 17.1* 17.47 15.81* -10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 12.67 10.75* -15

Construction and extraction

4.0 4.1 22.88 17.95* -22

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.9 22.11 20.21* -9

Production

6.6 3.2* 17.41 15.34* -12

Transportation and material moving

6.9 6.0* 16.90 15.81 -6

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—food preparation and serving related—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford had 141,380 jobs in food preparation and serving related, accounting for 12.6 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 9.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $11.96, significantly above the national wage of $10.98.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the food preparation and serving related group included combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food (35,770), waiters and waitresses (34,600), and restaurant cooks (18,080). Among the higher paying jobs were chefs and head cooks and bartenders, with mean hourly wages of $26.60 and $17.18, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food ($9.47) and dishwashers ($10.00). (Detailed occupational data for food preparation and serving related are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_36740.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the food preparation and serving related group. For instance, restaurant cooks were employed at 1.9 times the national rate in Orlando, and waiters and waitresses, at 1.7 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, food preparation workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Orlando, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Florida Department of Economic Opportunity.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the issuance of data for May 2015, the OES program has incorporated redefined metropolitan area definitions as designated by the Office of Management and Budget. OES data are available for 394 metropolitan areas, 38 metropolitan divisions, and 167 OES-defined nonmetropolitan areas. A listing of the areas and their definitions can be found at www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES program produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations for all industries combined in the nation; the 50 states and the District of Columbia; 432 metropolitan areas and divisions; 167 nonmetropolitan areas; and Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. National estimates are also available by industry for NAICS sectors, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industries, and by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2015 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, and November 2012. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 73.5 percent based on establishments and 69.6 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.9 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area included 5,169 establishments with a response rate of 70 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2015 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Lake, Orange, Osceola, and Seminole Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2015
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations

141,380 1.4 $11.96 $24,880

Chefs and Head Cooks

1,350 1.3 26.60 55,330

First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

10,090 1.4 17.14 35,650

Cooks, Fast Food

550 0.1 11.02 22,920

Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria

1,260 0.4 12.45 25,910

Cooks, Restaurant

18,080 1.9 12.15 25,260

Cooks, Short Order

710 0.5 10.76 22,380

Cooks, All Other

60 0.5 15.13 31,470

Food Preparation Workers

6,820 1.0 10.71 22,270

Bartenders

5,330 1.1 17.18 35,720

Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food

35,770 1.4 9.47 19,690

Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop

7,330 1.9 10.05 20,900

Waiters and Waitresses

34,600 1.7 12.80 26,620

Food Servers, Nonrestaurant

2,320 1.1 10.55 21,940

Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers

6,570 2.0 11.92 24,800

Dishwashers

5,600 1.4 10.00 20,800

Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

4,520 1.4 10.75 22,370

Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other

400 0.9 13.02 27,070

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_36740.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 03, 2016