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16-1460-ATL
Friday, July 22, 2016

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Jackson — May 2015

Workers in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.70 in May 2015, about 15 percent below the nationwide average of $23.23, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, eighteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including management; computer and mathematical; and construction and extraction. 

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical; healthcare support; and management. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including computer and mathematical; business and financial operations; and construction and extraction. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2015
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Jackson United States Jackson Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $23.23 $19.70* -15

Management

5.0 5.9* 55.30 40.81* -26

Business and Financial Operations

5.1 3.9* 35.48 28.42* -20

Computer and Mathematical

2.9 1.4* 41.43 31.05* -25

Architecture and Engineering

1.8 1.4* 39.89 33.00* -17

Life, Physical, and Social Science

0.8 0.7* 34.24 26.81* -22

Community and Social Services

1.4 1.5 22.19 18.54* -16

Legal

0.8 0.9* 49.74 39.71* -20

Education, Training, and Library

6.2 6.2 25.48 23.00 -10

Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media

1.3 1.0* 27.39 19.91* -27

Healthcare Practitioner and Technical

5.8 7.8* 37.40 32.37* -13

Healthcare Support

2.9 4.6* 14.19 11.26* -21

Protective Service

2.4 3.6* 21.45 14.52* -32

Food Preparation and Serving Related

9.1 8.6* 10.98 9.77* -11

Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance

3.2 3.1 13.02 10.65* -18

Personal Care and Service

3.1 2.8 12.33 10.23* -17

Sales and Related

10.5 10.5 18.90 16.37* -13

Office and Administrative Support

15.8 15.6 17.47 15.82* -9

Farming, Fishing, and Forestry

0.3 0.2* 12.67 12.76 1

Construction and Extraction

4.0 3.1* 22.88 17.56* -23

Installation, Maintenance, and Repair

3.9 4.4* 22.11 19.72* -11

Production

6.6 5.8* 17.41 17.86 3

Transportation and Material Moving

6.9 7.0 16.90 16.40 -3

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Jackson is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Jackson had 20,380 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 7.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $32.37, significantly below the national wage of $37.40.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (7,990), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (2,070), and pharmacy technicians (700). Among the higher paying jobs were surgeons and family and general practitioners, with mean hourly wages of $116.63 and $103.78, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were pharmacy technicians ($13.70) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($15.10). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, nurse practitioners were employed at 2.5 times the national rate in Jackson, and respiratory therapists, at 2.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, pharmacy technicians had a location quotient of 1.0 in Jackson, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Mississippi Department of Employment Security.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the issuance of data for May 2015, the OES program has incorporated redefined metropolitan area definitions as designated by the Office of Management and Budget. OES data are available for 394 metropolitan areas, 38 metropolitan divisions, and 167 OES-defined nonmetropolitan areas. A listing of the areas and their definitions can be found at www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES program produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations for all industries combined in the nation; the 50 states and the District of Columbia; 432 metropolitan areas and divisions; 167 nonmetropolitan areas; and Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. National estimates are also available by industry for NAICS sectors, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industries, and by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2015 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, and November 2012. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 73.5 percent based on establishments and 69.6 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.9 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,339 establishments with a response rate of 64 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2015 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Jackson, Miss. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Copiah, Hinds, Madison, Rankin, Simpson, and Yazoo Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2015
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

20,380 1.3 $32.37 $67,330

Dentists, General

270 1.4 89.25 185,650

Dietitians and Nutritionists

160 1.4 23.77 49,440

Optometrists

40 0.6 40.44 84,120

Pharmacists

690 1.2 58.43 121,540

Family and General Practitioners

270 1.1 103.78 215,860

Internists, General

(5) (5) (6) (6)

Pediatricians, General

(5) (5) 120.12 249,850

Surgeons

80 1.0 116.63 242,600

Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

840 1.4 (5) (5)

Physician Assistants

60 0.3 20.54 42,720

Occupational Therapists

320 1.5 37.32 77,630

Physical Therapists

470 1.2 42.94 89,320

Radiation Therapists

40 1.4 40.55 84,350

Recreational Therapists

110 3.4 17.19 35,750

Respiratory Therapists

450 2.0 25.13 52,260

Speech-Language Pathologists

310 1.3 33.27 69,190

Veterinarians

100 0.8 38.33 79,720

Registered Nurses

7,990 1.5 30.36 63,140

Nurse Practitioners

630 2.5 45.92 95,520

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

570 1.9 28.14 58,520

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

380 1.3 17.58 36,560

Dental Hygienists

260 0.7 27.49 57,180

Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

130 1.3 18.12 37,700

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

130 1.1 30.55 63,540

Nuclear Medicine Technologists

60 1.7 33.50 69,680

Radiologic Technologists

520 1.4 22.99 47,830

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists

140 2.2 26.89 55,930

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

(5) (5) 15.10 31,410

Dietetic Technicians

90 1.6 10.78 22,410

Pharmacy Technicians

700 1.0 13.70 28,500

Psychiatric Technicians

50 0.5 14.68 30,540

Surgical Technologists

380 2.0 19.12 39,770

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

130 0.7 15.27 31,760

Ophthalmic Medical Technicians

150 2.0 16.19 33,670

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

2,070 1.6 18.43 38,330

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

590 1.6 16.54 34,400

Opticians, Dispensing

60 0.4 13.93 28,970

Orthotists and Prosthetists

60 4.6 40.56 84,360

Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

120 0.6 19.13 39,800

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

110 0.8 34.98 72,770

Athletic Trainers

100 2.2 (7) 45,330

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other

50 0.7 24.21 50,350

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Jackson, MS, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) This wage is equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour or $187,200 per year.
(7) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 22, 2016