News Release Information

16-2232-BOS
Wednesday, December 07, 2016

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Boston Area Employment — October 2016

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua metropolitan area stood at 2,727,200 in October 2016, up 46,700 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 1.7 percent locally from October a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.(See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton metropolitan division, which made up 67 percent of the workforce, gained 32,400 jobs from October 2015 to October 2016. Eight divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year except the Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem metropolitan division.

 

Industry employment

Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, had the largest local employment gain, adding 11,100 jobs from October 2015 to October 2016. The 2.0-percent rate of local job growth in this supersector was lower than the 2.6 percent gain nationwide.

Leisure and hospitality had the next largest annual employment gain in the Boston area from October 2015, adding 9,700 jobs followed by professional and business services which added 7,400 jobs. The 3.8-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s leisure and hospitality supersector was higher than the 1.9-percent gain nationwide. The 1.6-percent rate of local job growth in professional and business services was lower than the national increase of 2.7-percent.

 

Three other supersectors in the Boston area gained at least 2,000 jobs over the year—financial activities (5,500), trade, transportation and utilities (5,000), and government (2,100). The local rate of job growth in financial activities (3.0 percent) outpaced the 2.1-percent national increase while growth rate in trade, transportation and utilities (1.2 percent) was similar to the national rate (1.3 percent). Likewise, the growth rate in government (0.7 percent) was similar to the national average (0.9 percent).

One supersector in the Boston area lost jobs over the year—manufacturing (1,900), a decrease of 1.0 percent. Nationally, manufacturing employment declined by 0.5 percent.

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2016. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with 8 exceeding the national average of 1.6 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.3 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (0.4 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (0.8 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

 

The New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 135,600, followed by Dallas (+114,000) and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+111,200). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 13,400 jobs, followed by Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, which added 37,800 jobs.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in Boston, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, Phoenix, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward. Professional and business services gained the most jobs in Atlanta-Sandy-Springs-Roswell, Chicago, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and Washington. Manufacturing lost the most jobs over the year in Boston, Dallas, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.

Metropolitan area employment data for November 2016 are scheduled to be released on Friday, December 16, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Framingham, MA; Haverhill- Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH; Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA; Nashua, NH-MA; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA; Taunton- Middleborough-Norton, MA; and select cities and towns within.  

 

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Oct Aug Sept Oct Oct 2015 to
2015 2016 2016 2016(p) Oct 2016 (p)
Net change Percent change

U.S.

 

  Total nonfarm

143,689 144,413 145,029 145,928 2239 1.6

    Mining and logging

792 690 688 691 -101 -12.8

    Construction

6,713 6,919 6,890 6,888 175 2.6

    Manufacturing

12,340 12,365 12,306 12,282 -58 -0.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,109 27,356 27,276 27,457 348 1.3

    Information

2,770 2,788 2,764 2,778 8 0.3

    Financial activities

8,170 8,380 8,328 8,344 174 2.1

    Professional and business services

20,050 20,422 20,447 20,594 544 2.7

    Educational and health services

22,470 22,424 22,731 23,060 590 2.6

    Leisure and hospitality

15,233 16,209 15,756 15,516 283 1.9

    Other services

5,637 5,735 5,700 5,718 81 1.4

    Government

22,405 21,125 22,143 22,600 195 0.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,680.5 2,713.0 2,709.0 2,727.2 46.7 1.7

    Mining, logging, and construction

110.3 120.1 117.3 116.6 6.3 5.7

    Manufacturing

190.8 190.0 188.6 188.9 -1.9 -1.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

419.0 423.7 421.2 424.0 5.0 1.2

    Information

77.1 78.9 78.3 77.8 0.7 0.9

    Financial activities

183.3 190.5 188.3 188.8 5.5 3.0

    Professional and business services

462.4 471.7 466.0 469.8 7.4 1.6

    Educational and health services

564.5 563.6 567.7 575.6 11.1 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

257.9 283.6 268.5 267.6 9.7 3.8

    Other services

101.5 105.7 101.9 102.3 0.8 0.8

    Government

313.7 285.2 311.2 315.8 2.1 0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

 

  Total nonfarm

1,795.7 1,823.4 1,814.9 1,828.1 32.4 1.8

    Mining, logging, and construction

66.8 73.5 71.2 70.3 3.5 5.2

    Manufacturing

81.5 81.8 80.9 81.3 -0.2 -0.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

247.2 248.2 247.2 247.6 0.4 0.2

    Information

56.7 58.4 57.8 57.5 0.8 1.4

    Financial activities

151.7 158.1 156.5 157.2 5.5 3.6

    Professional and business services

345.0 352.3 348.5 351.8 6.8 2.0

    Educational and health services

406.3 404.0 406.7 413.4 7.1 1.7

    Leisure and hospitality

175.9 193.6 183.5 183.9 8.0 4.5

    Other services

68.0 69.6 67.6 68.0 0.0 0.0

    Government

196.6 183.9 195.0 197.1 0.5 0.3

p(preliminary)

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Oct Aug Sep Oct Oct 2015 to
2015 2016 2016 2016 (p) Oct 2016 (p)
Net Percent
change change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,623.2 2,667.4 2,668.0 2,693.6 70.4 2.7

    Mining and logging

1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.1 -6.7

    Construction

110.4 117.3 117.0 118.6 8.2 7.4

    Manufacturing

159.9 159.9 161.2 161.1 1.2 0.8

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

586.2 595.8 593.0 599.5 13.3 2.3

    Information

88.4 88.5 88.2 88.2 -0.2 -0.2

    Financial activities

164.0 166.1 168.2 168.8 4.8 2.9

    Professional and business services

489.5 497.4 497.9 507.5 18.0 3.7

    Education and health services

323.0 329.7 329.5 334.2 11.2 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

275.6 293.5 286.3 286.4 10.8 3.9

    Other services

97.3 95.6 95.1 95.5 -1.8 -1.8

    Government

327.4 322.2 330.2 332.4 5.0 1.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

 

  Total nonfarm

2,680.5 2,713.0 2,709.0 2,727.2 46.7 1.7

    Mining, logging, and construction

110.3 120.1 117.3 116.6 6.3 5.7

    Manufacturing

190.8 190.0 188.6 188.9 -1.9 -1.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

419.0 423.7 421.2 424.0 5.0 1.2

    Information

77.1 78.9 78.3 77.8 0.7 0.9

    Financial activities

183.3 190.5 188.3 188.8 5.5 3.0

    Professional and business services

462.4 471.7 466.0 469.8 7.4 1.6

    Education and health services

564.5 563.6 567.7 575.6 11.1 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

257.9 283.6 268.5 267.6 9.7 3.8

    Other services

101.5 105.7 101.9 102.3 0.8 0.8

    Government

313.7 285.2 311.2 315.8 2.1 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

  Total nonfarm

4,659.6 4,677.3 4,677.0 4,698.3 38.7 0.8

    Mining and logging

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 -0.1 -6.3

    Construction

177.1 183.8 182.0 181.2 4.1 2.3

    Manufacturing

414.8 412.1 409.7 410.7 -4.1 -1.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

938.8 938.7 934.8 943.0 4.2 0.4

    Information

82.4 80.9 80.5 80.4 -2.0 -2.4

    Financial activities

294.2 294.2 288.7 288.8 -5.4 -1.8

    Professional and business services

819.9 835.3 838.5 844.1 24.2 3.0

    Education and health services

713.6 694.8 705.5 716.3 2.7 0.4

    Leisure and hospitality

459.9 494.7 480.0 474.0 14.1 3.1

    Other services

195.8 200.2 197.8 197.0 1.2 0.6

    Government

561.5 541.1 558.0 561.3 -0.2 0.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,451.7 3,531.0 3,545.1 3,565.7 114.0 3.3

    Mining, logging, and construction

200.2 203.7 205.0 206.3 6.1 3.0

    Manufacturing

262.4 262.1 259.7 260.1 -2.3 -0.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

736.3 762.3 764.2 772.0 35.7 4.8

    Information

79.9 81.5 82.0 81.4 1.5 1.9

    Financial activities

280.4 294.3 293.3 294.4 14.0 5.0

    Professional and business services

572.6 590.2 592.8 592.9 20.3 3.5

    Education and health services

425.5 435.3 436.3 439.0 13.5 3.2

    Leisure and hospitality

359.0 375.5 371.9 371.0 12.0 3.3

    Other services

118.7 120.1 120.0 121.0 2.3 1.9

    Government

416.7 406.0 419.9 427.6 10.9 2.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,009.4 2,991.7 3,004.4 3,022.8 13.4 0.4

    Mining and logging

94.8 87.1 86.9 86.4 -8.4 -8.9

    Construction

227.6 214.9 216.6 217.9 -9.7 -4.3

    Manufacturing

238.9 230.3 230.0 232.1 -6.8 -2.8

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

612.5 620.1 618.1 622.9 10.4 1.7

    Information

31.7 30.8 30.4 30.5 -1.2 -3.8

    Financial activities

152.9 155.1 152.4 153.7 0.8 0.5

    Professional and business services

471.5 464.0 463.3 466.2 -5.3 -1.1

    Education and health services

375.8 385.2 387.9 389.4 13.6 3.6

    Leisure and hospitality

305.8 327.4 323.0 319.2 13.4 4.4

    Other services

108.3 108.5 106.7 105.6 -2.7 -2.5

    Government

389.6 368.3 389.1 398.9 9.3 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

5,895.1 5,921.6 5,958.8 6,006.3 111.2 1.9

    Mining and logging

4.7 4.1 4.0 4.0 -0.7 -14.9

    Construction

222.8 232.7 229.2 229.7 6.9 3.1

    Manufacturing

514.5 512.6 510.8 509.5 -5.0 -1.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,081.3 1,089.5 1,087.4 1,095.0 13.7 1.3

    Information

231.4 234.1 232.6 237.1 5.7 2.5

    Financial activities

332.9 339.2 338.4 338.6 5.7 1.7

    Professional and business services

901.0 919.9 916.1 920.6 19.6 2.2

    Education and health services

963.3 965.5 980.8 996.9 33.6 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

706.2 725.0 727.7 723.3 17.1 2.4

    Other services

201.5 201.9 204.2 206.5 5.0 2.5

    Government

735.5 697.1 727.6 745.1 9.6 1.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

  Total nonfarm

2,532.3 2,558.9 2,565.9 2,583.3 51.0 2.0

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

116.4 121.7 122.0 121.7 5.3 4.6

    Manufacturing

84.5 84.2 84.3 84.4 -0.1 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

586.2 593.3 592.8 596.3 10.1 1.7

    Information

48.6 48.3 47.6 48.0 -0.6 -1.2

    Financial activities

177.5 183.1 181.9 182.1 4.6 2.6

    Professional and business services

410.7 422.3 423.1 425.7 15.0 3.7

    Education and health services

373.3 372.9 376.2 379.7 6.4 1.7

    Leisure and hospitality

304.8 311.0 309.1 313.4 8.6 2.8

    Other services

122.0 120.0 121.2 122.6 0.6 0.5

    Government

307.7 301.5 307.1 308.8 1.1 0.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

  Total nonfarm

9,467.2 9,513.9 9,523.3 9,602.8 135.6 1.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

384.2 399.2 398.4 394.4 10.2 2.7

    Manufacturing

371.7 371.7 373.3 371.8 0.1 0.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,729.4 1,726.9 1,733.7 1,745.1 15.7 0.9

    Information

288.8 290.5 288.9 288.3 -0.5 -0.2

    Financial activities

770.6 778.6 771.5 768.2 -2.4 -0.3

    Professional and business services

1,512.0 1,522.3 1,516.5 1,530.9 18.9 1.3

    Education and health services

1,805.4 1,778.6 1,812.3 1,852.0 46.6 2.6

    Leisure and hospitality

878.4 957.9 923.3 903.5 25.1 2.9

    Other services

411.2 426.1 420.5 420.5 9.3 2.3

    Government

1,315.5 1,262.1 1,284.9 1,328.1 12.6 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

  Total nonfarm

2,860.8 2,860.6 2,879.2 2,904.4 43.6 1.5

    Mining, logging, and construction

115.5 118.4 118.1 116.9 1.4 1.2

    Manufacturing

181.1 183.8 184.2 183.5 2.4 1.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

522.8 523.2 523.3 528.6 5.8 1.1

    Information

46.7 46.4 46.0 46.2 -0.5 -1.1

    Financial activities

209.4 213.4 211.8 211.5 2.1 1.0

    Professional and business services

454.8 467.5 465.8 466.6 11.8 2.6

    Education and health services

615.5 602.3 613.6 624.9 9.4 1.5

    Leisure and hospitality

254.9 273.6 263.8 262.8 7.9 3.1

    Other services

117.9 118.5 118.2 120.0 2.1 1.8

    Government

342.2 313.5 334.4 343.4 1.2 0.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

  Total nonfarm

1,952.5 1,947.8 1,967.4 1,990.3 37.8 1.9

    Mining and logging

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

100.0 106.9 109.4 109.9 9.9 9.9

    Manufacturing

120.6 119.4 118.5 118.7 -1.9 -1.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

384.5 383.9 383.7 388.8 4.3 1.1

    Information

37.0 37.7 37.5 38.3 1.3 3.5

    Financial activities

169.3 174.5 174.0 175.0 5.7 3.4

    Professional and business services

330.2 329.2 328.1 335.4 5.2 1.6

    Education and health services

288.8 292.8 297.0 299.4 10.6 3.7

    Leisure and hospitality

210.0 212.4 212.5 215.5 5.5 2.6

    Other services

66.2 64.2 64.2 64.2 -2.0 -3.0

    Government

242.6 223.5 239.2 241.8 -0.8 -0.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,296.7 2,331.1 2,334.8 2,354.9 58.2 2.5

    Mining and logging

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 -0.1 -10.0

    Construction

115.4 123.9 124.4 122.6 7.2 6.2

    Manufacturing

127.9 129.4 129.2 126.9 -1.0 -0.8

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

371.0 374.5 374.3 377.7 6.7 1.8

    Information

86.9 86.8 86.3 86.7 -0.2 -0.2

    Financial activities

130.2 132.1 130.8 132.1 1.9 1.5

    Professional and business services

471.6 484.3 483.1 487.1 15.5 3.3

    Education and health services

334.5 339.2 344.9 350.4 15.9 4.8

    Leisure and hospitality

262.2 272.5 269.7 272.7 10.5 4.0

    Other services

84.1 83.5 83.3 83.6 -0.5 -0.6

    Government

311.9 304.0 307.9 314.2 2.3 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

  Total nonfarm

3,206.6 3,243.1 3,257.5 3,276.8 70.2 2.2

    Mining, logging, and construction

154.9 160.2 159.7 158.9 4.0 2.6

    Manufacturing

53.5 54.1 53.7 54.6 1.1 2.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

404.5 415.9 412.5 416.4 11.9 2.9

    Information

75.3 75.1 75.1 74.2 -1.1 -1.5

    Financial activities

155.7 156.0 154.4 153.6 -2.1 -1.3

    Professional and business services

730.7 746.6 746.0 752.7 22.0 3.0

    Education and health services

417.5 420.0 429.3 432.4 14.9 3.6

    Leisure and hospitality

315.3 332.7 322.2 320.9 5.6 1.8

    Other services

198.1 202.5 202.1 201.1 3.0 1.5

    Government

701.1 680.0 702.5 712.0 10.9 1.6

(p) preliminary

 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, December 07, 2016