News Release Information

16-1754-BOS
Wednesday, September 07, 2016

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Boston Area Employment — July 2016

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua metropolitan area stood at 2,721,900 in July 2016, up 54,000 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 2.0 percent locally from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton Metropolitan Division, which made up 67 percent of the workforce, gained 38,900 jobs from July 2015 to July 2016. The other nine divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

 

Industry employment

Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, had the largest local employment gain, adding 15,500 jobs from July 2015 to July 2016. The 2.8-percent rate of local job growth in this supersector matched the 2.8 percent gain nationwide.

Leisure and hospitality had the next largest annual employment gain in the Boston area from July 2015, adding 9,300 jobs. The 3.4-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s leisure and hospitality supersector was higher than the 2.7-percent gain nationwide.

Locally, professional and business services and trade, transportation, and utilities added 8,400 and 6,300 jobs, respectively. The 1.8-percent rate of local job growth in professional and business services was lower than the 2.6-percent gain nationwide. The 1.5-percent local job growth rate in trade, transportation, and utilities was higher than the nation’s 1.4-percent gain.

 

Two other supersectors in the Boston area gained at least 1,000 jobs over the year—financial activities (+ 5,800) and other services (+1,100). The local rate of job growth in financial activities (3.1 percent) outpaced the 2.0-percent national increase while the rate of job growth in other services (1.0 percent) matched the national rate.

Two supersectors in the Boston area lost jobs over the year—manufacturing (-2,400) and government (-1,300). Nationally, manufacturing employment decreased while government employment increased.

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2016. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with 10 exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.2 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (0.4 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (1.3 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth (See chart 3 and table 2.)

 

New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 199,700, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+116,800) and Dallas (+109,900). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 13,300 jobs, followed by Boston, which added 54,000 jobs.

Education and health services added the most jobs in Boston, Los Angeles,New York, and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale. Professional and business services gained the most jobs in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.

Manufacturing lost the most jobs over the year in 7 areas — Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami and Phoenix. New York was the only area to have no annual job loss in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for August 2016 are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 20, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. 

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill- Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA, Taunton- Middleborough-Norton, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July May June July Jul 2015 to
2015 2016 2016 2016(p) Jul 2016 (p)
Net change Percent change

U.S.

 

  Total nonfarm

141,774 144,555 145,215 144,185 2,411 1.7

    Mining and logging

825 689 689 691 -134 -16.2

    Construction

6,703 6,698 6,846 6,912 209 3.1

    Manufacturing

12,407 12,253 12,374 12,379 -28 -0.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,969 27,216 27,369 27,355 386 1.4

    Information

2,767 2,740 2,797 2,798 31 1.1

    Financial activities

8,210 8,250 8,338 8,377 167 2.0

    Professional and business services

19,837 20,138 20,341 20,357 520 2.6

    Educational and health services

21,750 22,696 22,487 22,367 617 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

15,844 15,716 16,176 16,269 425 2.7

    Other services

5,702 5,703 5,760 5,757 55 1.0

    Government

20,760 22,456 22,038 20,923 163 0.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,667.9 2,699.1 2,732.5 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

    Mining, logging, and construction

109.3 112.7 117.5 119.9 10.6 9.7

    Manufacturing

193.2 188.7 190.9 190.8 -2.4 -1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

418.1 421.8 426.3 424.4 6.3 1.5

    Information

78.9 74.8 78.8 79.6 0.7 0.9

    Financial activities

185.5 185.7 188.9 191.3 5.8 3.1

    Professional and business services

465.6 462.5 471.9 474.0 8.4 1.8

    Educational and health services

549.5 569.9 565.6 565.0 15.5 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

272.1 263.3 274.5 281.4 9.3 3.4

    Other services

105.6 104.0 106.1 106.7 1.1 1.0

    Government

290.1 315.7 312.0 288.8 -1.3 -0.4

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

 

  Total nonfarm

1,791.7 1,808.0 1,831.2 1,830.6 38.9 2.2

    Mining, logging, and construction

66.5 68.6 71.8 73.2 6.7 10.1

    Manufacturing

82.6 80.8 82.1 82.2 -0.4 -0.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

247.6 247.8 250.3 249.3 1.7 0.7

    Information

57.9 56.2 58.2 58.7 0.8 1.4

    Financial activities

153.0 153.9 156.6 158.8 5.8 3.8

    Professional and business services

347.5 345.3 352.5 354.5 7.0 2.0

    Educational and health services

393.3 408.9 405.3 406.2 12.9 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

186.1 179.0 186.2 191.0 4.9 2.6

    Other services

70.0 69.4 70.5 70.6 0.6 0.9

    Government

187.2 198.1 197.7 186.1 -1.1 -0.6

p(preliminary)

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jul May Jun Jul Jul 2015 to
2015 2016 2016 2016 (p) Jul 2016 (p)
Net Percent
change change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,581.4 2,664.1 2,656.7 2,656.2 74.8 2.9

    Mining and logging

1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

109.0 115.1 116.1 116.8 7.8 7.2

    Manufacturing

157.7 160.8 162.4 163.3 5.6 3.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

577.8 595.1 593.7 595.5 17.7 3.1

    Information

94.5 87.9 88.3 88.8 -5.7 -6.0

    Financial activities

163.0 164.6 165.0 166.3 3.3 2.0

    Professional and business services

480.3 496.1 495.5 497.5 17.2 3.6

    Education and health services

314.8 328.0 321.9 325.0 10.2 3.2

    Leisure and hospitality

276.0 290.7 292.6 291.5 15.5 5.6

    Other services

98.2 97.2 97.1 97.0 -1.2 -1.2

    Government

308.7 327.1 322.7 313.1 4.4 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

 

  Total nonfarm

2,667.9 2,699.1 2,732.5 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

    Mining, logging, and construction

109.3 112.7 117.5 119.9 10.6 9.7

    Manufacturing

193.2 188.7 190.9 190.8 -2.4 -1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

418.1 421.8 426.3 424.4 6.3 1.5

    Information

78.9 74.8 78.8 79.6 0.7 0.9

    Financial activities

185.5 185.7 188.9 191.3 5.8 3.1

    Professional and business services

465.6 462.5 471.9 474.0 8.4 1.8

    Education and health services

549.5 569.9 565.6 565.0 15.5 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

272.1 263.3 274.5 281.4 9.3 3.4

    Other services

105.6 104.0 106.1 106.7 1.1 1.0

    Government

290.1 315.7 312.0 288.8 -1.3 -0.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

  Total nonfarm

4,620.8 4,675.7 4,701.8 4,681.8 61.0 1.3

    Mining and logging

1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 0.1 6.7

    Construction

174.6 173.4 181.6 185.1 10.5 6.0

    Manufacturing

417.4 412.3 415.1 414.4 -3.0 -0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

932.4 938.1 942.5 943.2 10.8 1.2

    Information

82.6 81.2 81.6 81.9 -0.7 -0.8

    Financial activities

297.2 292.3 295.4 295.3 -1.9 -0.6

    Professional and business services

821.8 822.1 831.5 831.0 9.2 1.1

    Education and health services

688.1 712.9 702.1 695.6 7.5 1.1

    Leisure and hospitality

471.1 480.9 492.0 488.6 17.5 3.7

    Other services

196.3 195.9 198.4 200.9 4.6 2.3

    Government

537.8 565.1 560.0 544.2 6.4 1.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,401.6 3,515.7 3,526.8 3,511.5 109.9 3.2

    Mining, logging, and construction

202.0 199.8 202.0 203.0 1.0 0.5

    Manufacturing

264.6 262.2 263.7 262.2 -2.4 -0.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

724.1 752.4 756.8 757.9 33.8 4.7

    Information

81.1 80.6 80.7 80.3 -0.8 -1.0

    Financial activities

277.3 288.9 290.6 291.7 14.4 5.2

    Professional and business services

563.8 579.4 578.9 583.1 19.3 3.4

    Education and health services

416.2 431.5 430.0 430.0 13.8 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

357.9 374.3 381.4 378.5 20.6 5.8

    Other services

121.5 120.1 121.1 120.5 -1.0 -0.8

    Government

393.1 426.5 421.6 404.3 11.2 2.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

2,980.0 2,993.2 3,001.9 2,993.3 13.3 0.4

    Mining and logging

99.9 86.7 86.8 86.5 -13.4 -13.4

    Construction

217.5 219.0 215.8 217.9 0.4 0.2

    Manufacturing

245.3 230.4 231.5 231.3 -14.0 -5.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

611.9 612.7 615.3 616.8 4.9 0.8

    Information

32.9 31.3 31.2 30.5 -2.4 -7.3

    Financial activities

152.1 153.2 154.5 155.1 3.0 2.0

    Professional and business services

473.7 456.2 458.6 463.7 -10.0 -2.1

    Education and health services

366.8 383.7 383.4 381.6 14.8 4.0

    Leisure and hospitality

305.8 318.9 327.8 328.2 22.4 7.3

    Other services

108.6 107.0 109.2 108.3 -0.3 -0.3

    Government

365.5 394.1 387.8 373.4 7.9 2.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

5,780.7 5,956.7 5,963.8 5,897.5 116.8 2.0

    Mining and logging

4.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 -0.6 -12.8

    Construction

220.5 233.2 233.3 232.0 11.5 5.2

    Manufacturing

520.2 510.8 513.2 514.8 -5.4 -1.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,074.3 1,085.6 1,087.7 1,089.9 15.6 1.5

    Information

223.9 237.1 235.4 228.6 4.7 2.1

    Financial activities

334.0 335.7 338.4 337.4 3.4 1.0

    Professional and business services

886.0 901.3 911.3 910.8 24.8 2.8

    Education and health services

926.3 982.4 974.8 964.8 38.5 4.2

    Leisure and hospitality

705.4 716.1 728.3 729.2 23.8 3.4

    Other services

202.2 203.7 203.3 202.4 0.2 0.1

    Government

683.2 746.7 734.0 683.5 0.3 0.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

  Total nonfarm

2,465.1 2,569.4 2,541.5 2,539.8 74.7 3.0

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

112.5 119.8 119.6 122.6 10.1 9.0

    Manufacturing

84.4 84.9 84.4 83.8 -0.6 -0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

579.6 593.4 594.4 592.9 13.3 2.3

    Information

48.2 48.0 48.2 48.1 -0.1 -0.2

    Financial activities

175.3 181.3 182.9 183.7 8.4 4.8

    Professional and business services

403.3 415.0 415.7 421.0 17.7 4.4

    Education and health services

361.8 375.0 373.3 371.3 9.5 2.6

    Leisure and hospitality

299.8 319.2 316.7 313.4 13.6 4.5

    Other services

120.3 123.9 122.5 121.2 0.9 0.7

    Government

279.3 308.3 283.2 281.2 1.9 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

  Total nonfarm

9,373.9 9,527.4 9,607.7 9,573.6 199.7 2.1

    Mining, logging, and construction

384.1 391.2 396.2 400.6 16.5 4.3

    Manufacturing

368.9 369.3 373.0 371.8 2.9 0.8

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,709.4 1,721.5 1,741.4 1,728.7 19.3 1.1

    Information

287.4 277.1 291.7 293.7 6.3 2.2

    Financial activities

776.4 765.9 773.4 781.8 5.4 0.7

    Professional and business services

1,500.7 1,508.8 1,521.6 1,522.2 21.5 1.4

    Education and health services

1,733.5 1,842.6 1,809.2 1,786.5 53.0 3.1

    Leisure and hospitality

920.7 907.9 957.8 972.2 51.5 5.6

    Other services

415.0 421.8 427.8 430.0 15.0 3.6

    Government

1,277.8 1,321.3 1,315.6 1,286.1 8.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

  Total nonfarm

2,804.5 2,897.5 2,912.3 2,870.2 65.7 2.3

    Mining, logging, and construction

114.7 115.0 117.2 117.3 2.6 2.3

    Manufacturing

182.0 183.3 184.9 185.0 3.0 1.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

516.0 527.4 529.6 524.3 8.3 1.6

    Information

46.7 44.4 46.9 46.6 -0.1 -0.2

    Financial activities

210.9 210.1 211.7 212.3 1.4 0.7

    Professional and business services

449.4 471.0 475.1 472.5 23.1 5.1

    Education and health services

590.7 616.1 608.6 604.4 13.7 2.3

    Leisure and hospitality

265.2 267.0 277.9 275.5 10.3 3.9

    Other services

119.3 119.8 120.3 119.4 0.1 0.1

    Government

309.6 343.4 340.1 312.9 3.3 1.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

  Total nonfarm

1,866.6 1,960.3 1,934.2 1,925.2 58.6 3.1

    Mining and logging

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 -0.3 -8.6

    Construction

99.6 105.7 108.2 110.3 10.7 10.7

    Manufacturing

120.6 119.9 120.9 120.1 -0.5 -0.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

373.8 383.9 383.4 383.8 10.0 2.7

    Information

36.8 38.8 39.2 38.4 1.6 4.3

    Financial activities

167.0 174.7 175.2 175.2 8.2 4.9

    Professional and business services

320.4 328.1 329.8 331.3 10.9 3.4

    Education and health services

276.6 291.9 290.4 288.2 11.6 4.2

    Leisure and hospitality

201.7 214.4 209.4 207.0 5.3 2.6

    Other services

65.0 65.7 65.6 65.3 0.3 0.5

    Government

201.6 233.9 208.8 202.4 0.8 0.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,266.4 2,314.0 2,325.7 2,327.0 60.6 2.7

    Mining and logging

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 -0.1 -10.0

    Construction

113.3 117.3 118.8 122.2 8.9 7.9

    Manufacturing

127.6 127.0 128.3 129.2 1.6 1.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

366.1 368.9 371.5 373.8 7.7 2.1

    Information

86.5 85.7 87.0 87.5 1.0 1.2

    Financial activities

131.7 129.5 130.2 131.3 -0.4 -0.3

    Professional and business services

467.9 473.3 477.0 483.3 15.4 3.3

    Education and health services

326.0 343.0 339.7 338.8 12.8 3.9

    Leisure and hospitality

262.1 266.5 271.6 271.0 8.9 3.4

    Other services

84.6 84.6 85.6 85.2 0.6 0.7

    Government

299.6 317.3 315.1 303.8 4.2 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

  Total nonfarm

3,184.9 3,245.8 3,274.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0

    Mining, logging, and construction

154.7 158.4 161.9 161.6 6.9 4.5

    Manufacturing

53.0 53.2 53.7 54.3 1.3 2.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

404.6 413.4 417.5 415.6 11.0 2.7

    Information

77.5 73.0 75.5 76.1 -1.4 -1.8

    Financial activities

155.5 153.7 154.4 155.8 0.3 0.2

    Professional and business services

729.2 739.7 745.6 748.3 19.1 2.6

    Education and health services

404.8 420.4 420.5 421.1 16.3 4.0

    Leisure and hospitality

325.6 326.6 338.2 337.1 11.5 3.5

    Other services

200.2 200.0 201.6 203.4 3.2 1.6

    Government

679.8 707.4 706.0 706.4 26.6 3.9

(p) preliminary

 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, September 07, 2016