News Release Information

15-1743-BOS
Friday, September 04, 2015

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Boston Area Employment — July 2015

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua metropolitan area stood at 2,654,400 in July 2015, up 57,900 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 2.2 percent locally from July a year ago compared to 2.1 percent nationwide.(See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2010–July 2015

                                                                                                

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton Metropolitan Division, which made up 67 percent of the workforce, gained 48,200 jobs from July 2014 to July 2015, accounting for 83 percent of the area’s growth. Eight of the other nine divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

Two supersectors in the Boston area – education and health services and professional and business services–accounted for almost half of the local employment gain from July 2014 to July 2015. Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, gained 15,100 jobs. Both the Boston area and the nation had a 2.8-percent rate of job growth in this industry. Professional and business services added 13,600 jobs locally. The 3.0-percent rate of local job growth was lower than the national increase of 3.6 percent.

Leisure and hospitality and trade, transportation, and utilities had the next highest annual employment gains in the Boston area from July 2014, adding 8,100 and 6,100 jobs, respectively. The 3.1-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s leisure and hospitality supersector compared to the 3.0-percent gain nationwide, while the 1.5-percent rate of local job growth in the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector was lower than the 2.0-percent gain nationwide.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2015

Employment in government rose by 4,500 in the local area from July a year ago. The 1.6-percent increase in employment locally over the 12-month period outpaced the 0.4-percent national increase. Local employment in Boston’s other services supersector rose by 3,100. The 2.9-percent local job gain outpaced the 1.5-percent national increase.

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2015. All 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 9 areas exceeding the U.S. average of 2.1 percent. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington had the fastest rate of job growth, 3.7 percent, followed by Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell (3.4 percent), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (3.3 percent), and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (3.2 percent). The slowest rates of job growth were in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, at 1.5 percent each, and New York-Newark-Jersey City at 1.8 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, July 2015

New York added the largest number of jobs, 164,400. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim and Dallas both added more than 120,000 jobs. Philadelphia recorded the smallest employment gain (41,500), followed by Boston (57,900).

Professional and business services registered the largest over-the-year employment gains in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas—Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Phoenix, and San Francisco. Education and health services added the most jobs in four areas—Boston, Los Angeles, New York, and Washington.

Manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in Dallas, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, New York, and Phoenix. Four areas—Boston, Los Angeles, Miami, and San Francisco—recorded no over-the-year job losses greater than 1,000 jobs in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for August 2015 are scheduled to be released on Friday, September 18, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill- Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA, Taunton- Middleborough-Norton, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

 

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July May June July Change from July
2014 2015 2015 2015(p) 2014 to July 2015
Number Percent

United States

 

  Total nonfarm

138,841 142,365 142,839 141,794 2,953 2.1

    Mining and logging

915 838 842 845 -70.0 -7.7

    Construction

6,425 6,437 6,572 6,650 225 3.5

    Manufacturing

12,263 12,317 12,412 12,413 150 1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,419 26,794 26,950 26,956 537 2.0

    Information

2,754 2,791 2,796 2,806 52 1.9

    Financial activities

8,056 8,092 8,176 8,217 161 2.0

    Professional and business services

19,227 19,700 19,882 19,913 686 3.6

    Educational and health services

21,151 22,045 21,841 21,738 587 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

15,422 15,390 15,786 15,879 457 3.0

    Other services

5,639 5,669 5,713 5,722 83 1.5

    Government

20,570 22,292 21,869 20,655 85 0.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,596.5 2,644.9 2,665.4 2,654.4 57.9 2.2

    Mining, Logging, and Construction

101.0 99.3 103.3 105.1 4.1 4.1

    Manufacturing

193.0 190.7 192.7 192.3 -0.7 -0.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

410.7 414.4 418.7 416.8 6.1 1.5

    Information

76.3 76.4 77.8 78.6 2.3 3.0

    Financial activities

175.6 174.6 177.2 177.3 1.7 1.0

    Professional and business services

450.1 454.8 460.1 463.7 13.6 3.0

    Educational and health services

531.7 552.2 544.1 546.8 15.1 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

264.1 257.1 268.2 272.2 8.1 3.1

    Other services

105.1 103.0 105.9 108.2 3.1 2.9

    Government

288.9 322.4 317.4 293.4 4.5 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

 

  Total nonfarm

1,737.7 1,770.6 1,785.1 1,785.9 48.2 2.8

    Mining, Logging, and Construction

60.9 60.7 64.1 65.2 4.3 7.1

    Manufacturing

82.3 81.9 83.0 83.3 1.0 1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

241.0 242.5 245.1 243.4 2.4 1.0

    Information

55.9 56.6 57.8 58.4 2.5 4.5

    Financial activities

143.6 143.4 145.6 145.7 2.1 1.5

    Professional and business services

335.5 340.6 344.6 347.7 12.2 3.6

    Educational and health services

381.9 397.3 388.4 392.7 10.8 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

180.0 176.5 183.8 187.1 7.1 3.9

    Other services

69.3 68.4 70.5 71.9 2.6 3.8

    Government

187.3 202.7 202.2 190.5 3.2 1.7

(P) Preliminary

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July May June July Change from July
2014 2015 2015 2015 (P) 2014 to July 2015
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,499.6 2,582.8 2,581.0 2,584.6 85.0 3.4

    Mining and logging

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

102.7 105.7 106.2 107.7 5.0 4.9

    Manufacturing

153.0 153.9 155.3 156.2 3.2 2.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

554.4 569.2 568.8 572.4 18.0 3.2

    Information

89.5 88.4 88.7 88.4 -1.1 -1.2

    Financial activities

160.1 164.8 165.2 164.9 4.8 3.0

    Professional and business services

466.0 481.0 484.0 490.7 24.7 5.3

    Education and health services

302.3 316.5 312.8 311.5 9.2 3.0

    Leisure and hospitality

265.0 279.9 279.3 280.8 15.8 6.0

    Other services

95.9 94.4 96.0 95.8 -0.1 -0.1

    Government

309.4 327.7 323.4 314.9 5.5 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,596.5 2,644.9 2,665.4 2,654.4 57.9 2.2

    Mining, logging, and construction

101.0 99.3 103.3 105.1 4.1 4.1

    Manufacturing

193.0 190.7 192.7 192.3 -0.7 -0.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

410.7 414.4 418.7 416.8 6.1 1.5

    Information

76.3 76.4 77.8 78.6 2.3 3.0

    Financial activities

175.6 174.6 177.2 177.3 1.7 1.0

    Professional and business services

450.1 454.8 460.1 463.7 13.6 3.0

    Education and health services

531.7 552.2 544.1 546.8 15.1 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

264.1 257.1 268.2 272.2 8.1 3.1

    Other services

105.1 103.0 105.9 108.2 3.1 2.9

    Government

288.9 322.4 317.4 293.4 4.5 1.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

  Total nonfarm

4,529.7 4,584.0 4,618.1 4,596.1 66.4 1.5

    Mining and logging

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 -0.1 -6.3

    Construction

166.7 163.0 169.1 173.8 7.1 4.3

    Manufacturing

410.5 405.7 409.1 408.3 -2.2 -0.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

908.8 919.1 925.5 925.6 16.8 1.8

    Information

81.5 80.6 81.0 80.7 -0.8 -1.0

    Financial activities

292.4 285.5 290.1 290.0 -2.4 -0.8

    Professional and business services

804.9 818.2 825.3 827.4 22.5 2.8

    Education and health services

676.4 702.1 699.5 690.0 13.6 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

452.6 450.3 461.0 459.7 7.1 1.6

    Other services

198.0 194.9 197.5 197.6 -0.4 -0.2

    Government

536.3 563.1 558.5 541.5 5.2 1.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,268.3 3,377.1 3,403.4 3,390.0 121.7 3.7

    Mining, logging, and construction

196.9 196.4 197.3 197.1 0.2 0.1

    Manufacturing

263.2 260.5 261.8 260.4 -2.8 -1.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

681.4 703.0 707.5 709.1 27.7 4.1

    Information

82.8 81.2 81.1 81.4 -1.4 -1.7

    Financial activities

267.5 276.8 276.8 275.6 8.1 3.0

    Professional and business services

538.3 557.3 567.5 567.0 28.7 5.3

    Education and health services

396.8 416.5 420.1 421.2 24.4 6.1

    Leisure and hospitality

339.2 354.2 363.0 364.1 24.9 7.3

    Other services

117.8 117.0 118.8 120.5 2.7 2.3

    Government

384.4 414.2 409.5 393.6 9.2 2.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

2,921.6 2,982.7 2,991.1 2,986.2 64.6 2.2

    Mining and logging

111.4 108.1 108.8 110.3 -1.1 -1.0

    Construction

203.4 204.4 205.4 205.6 2.2 1.1

    Manufacturing

256.4 249.0 248.0 249.7 -6.7 -2.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

596.7 608.3 607.5 610.6 13.9 2.3

    Information

33.2 33.8 33.9 34.2 1.0 3.0

    Financial activities

148.7 146.0 146.4 145.4 -3.3 -2.2

    Professional and business services

467.1 471.2 479.3 481.9 14.8 3.2

    Education and health services

348.4 363.2 360.9 363.9 15.5 4.4

    Leisure and hospitality

291.6 307.6 314.2 311.9 20.3 7.0

    Other services

105.1 104.5 106.1 105.9 0.8 0.8

    Government

359.6 386.6 380.6 366.8 7.2 2.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

5,662.4 5,860.4 5,864.2 5,819.9 157.5 2.8

    Mining and logging

5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 -0.2 -3.7

    Construction

203.5 214.9 215.8 216.6 13.1 6.4

    Manufacturing

523.6 526.2 526.9 528.2 4.6 0.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,052.6 1,069.9 1,076.1 1,078.0 25.4 2.4

    Information

214.6 216.5 214.7 216.3 1.7 0.8

    Financial activities

325.2 326.4 327.4 328.5 3.3 1.0

    Professional and business services

884.7 900.9 904.8 905.0 20.3 2.3

    Education and health services

918.0 976.1 964.1 956.3 38.3 4.2

    Leisure and hospitality

669.8 684.8 687.4 694.5 24.7 3.7

    Other services

200.0 207.1 208.7 207.7 7.7 3.9

    Government

665.0 732.4 733.1 683.6 18.6 2.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

  Total nonfarm

2,379.9 2,502.0 2,464.3 2,449.8 69.9 2.9

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

102.9 106.2 106.7 106.9 4.0 3.9

    Manufacturing

80.5 81.3 81.4 80.4 -0.1 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

559.4 576.9 573.8 572.1 12.7 2.3

    Information

48.4 48.6 48.6 48.2 -0.2 -0.4

    Financial activities

168.6 175.6 174.4 173.9 5.3 3.1

    Professional and business services

386.3 403.1 403.4 404.1 17.8 4.6

    Education and health services

349.3 371.3 365.7 363.2 13.9 4.0

    Leisure and hospitality

289.7 311.7 308.4 303.1 13.4 4.6

    Other services

116.5 121.1 121.7 120.0 3.5 3.0

    Government

277.7 305.6 279.6 277.3 -0.4 -0.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

  Total nonfarm

9,166.8 9,318.3 9,399.9 9,331.2 164.4 1.8

    Mining, logging, and construction

364.4 362.2 372.6 376.3 11.9 3.3

    Manufacturing

370.3 367.8 370.0 367.4 -2.9 -0.8

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,683.9 1,706.3 1,719.6 1,707.6 23.7 1.4

    Information

284.2 283.5 285.3 284.9 0.7 0.2

    Financial activities

766.8 754.1 764.9 768.4 1.6 0.2

    Professional and business services

1,453.2 1,454.6 1,472.7 1,467.1 13.9 1.0

    Education and health services

1,678.1 1,791.1 1,770.8 1,738.9 60.8 3.6

    Leisure and hospitality

887.1 873.0 915.9 920.9 33.8 3.8

    Other services

406.9 418.0 424.4 425.2 18.3 4.5

    Government

1,271.9 1,307.7 1,303.7 1,274.5 2.6 0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

  Total nonfarm

2,765.6 2,831.1 2,837.7 2,807.1 41.5 1.5

    Mining, logging, and construction

110.0 115.0 115.3 116.7 6.7 6.1

    Manufacturing

180.2 177.9 178.8 178.1 -2.1 -1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

511.1 520.4 523.7 521.8 10.7 2.1

    Information

46.6 45.7 45.7 45.6 -1.0 -2.1

    Financial activities

205.4 206.3 207.7 209.3 3.9 1.9

    Professional and business services

447.5 445.0 449.8 448.8 1.3 0.3

    Education and health services

575.5 597.4 588.4 587.1 11.6 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

257.8 260.9 270.4 270.6 12.8 5.0

    Other services

119.8 122.5 122.1 121.2 1.4 1.2

    Government

311.7 340.0 335.8 307.9 -3.8 -1.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

  Total nonfarm

1,799.5 1,895.0 1,865.2 1,858.7 59.2 3.3

    Mining and logging

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

95.8 101.3 102.3 102.0 6.2 6.5

    Manufacturing

118.5 116.9 117.1 117.0 -1.5 -1.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

360.8 367.7 367.5 368.5 7.7 2.1

    Information

35.7 35.4 35.8 35.8 0.1 0.3

    Financial activities

161.5 166.6 166.2 165.9 4.4 2.7

    Professional and business services

306.4 315.7 318.0 321.2 14.8 4.8

    Education and health services

262.6 277.6 276.5 276.3 13.7 5.2

    Leisure and hospitality

190.9 206.9 200.8 199.3 8.4 4.4

    Other services

63.7 68.2 67.7 68.0 4.3 6.8

    Government

200.2 235.3 209.9 201.3 1.1 0.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,185.7 2,247.3 2,253.4 2,255.9 70.2 3.2

    Mining and logging

0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 -0.1 -11.1

    Construction

103.1 103.8 105.8 107.9 4.8 4.7

    Manufacturing

121.7 124.4 124.0 124.8 3.1 2.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

355.1 356.6 359.9 362.7 7.6 2.1

    Information

79.0 81.0 81.4 82.0 3.0 3.8

    Financial activities

129.0 127.4 127.2 128.1 -0.9 -0.7

    Professional and business services

444.4 467.1 471.0 480.1 35.7 8.0

    Education and health services

322.8 329.8 327.4 326.3 3.5 1.1

    Leisure and hospitality

252.9 259.2 261.5 261.0 8.1 3.2

    Other services

83.9 86.1 85.5 85.7 1.8 2.1

    Government

292.9 311.1 308.9 296.5 3.6 1.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

  Total nonfarm

3,118.0 3,183.2 3,208.6 3,191.8 73.8 2.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

151.4 153.7 153.6 153.7 2.3 1.5

    Manufacturing

50.5 48.9 49.5 49.9 -0.6 -1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

397.3 404.1 407.8 405.7 8.4 2.1

    Information

77.9 76.7 76.6 77.7 -0.2 -0.3

    Financial activities

153.3 149.2 151.1 151.5 -1.8 -1.2

    Professional and business services

713.5 724.8 734.9 734.8 21.3 3.0

    Education and health services

391.6 419.2 416.5 415.1 23.5 6.0

    Leisure and hospitality

311.7 310.9 321.5 319.2 7.5 2.4

    Other services

196.0 196.1 197.8 199.6 3.6 1.8

    Government

674.8 699.6 699.3 684.6 9.8 1.5

(P) Preliminary

 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, September 04, 2015