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16-973-KAN
Tuesday, May 17, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – April 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.4 percent in April and 0.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.4 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to increases in the indexes for all items less food and energy (0.3 percent) and energy (2.6 percent). Food prices, up 0.4 percent, also contributed to the increase. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.8 percent from April 2015 to April 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 8.2 percent, but prices for food were up 0.8 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest turned up 0.4 percent in April. The index for food at home rose 0.4 percent and costs for food away from home were 0.5 percent higher.

From April 2015 to April 2016, the index for food advanced 0.8 percent. Rising costs for food away from home (2.5 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their seventh consecutive over-the-year decline, down 0.2 percent since April 2015. 

Energy

The energy index rose 2.6 percent in April following an increase of 7.7 percent in March. Higher motor fuel prices were largely responsible for both increases, rising 7.7 percent in April after registering a 20.2-percent jump in the prior month. Moderating the overall increase in the energy index, electricity prices declined 0.3 percent in April and costs for utility (piped) gas service were down 3.7 percent.

Despite the recent monthly advances, energy prices decreased 8.2 percent from April 2015 to April 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 13.1 and 10.5 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity were little changed (0.1 percent) over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in April. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.2 percent), recreation (0.5 percent), used cars and trucks (1.0 percent), and education and communication (0.3 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.8 percent from April 2015 to April 2016. A 2.8-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.0-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 225.609 in April 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.61 in April 2016.

CPI-W

In April, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 219.816, up 0.5 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8

February

0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

March

1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5

April

0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8

May

-0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8    

June

-0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7    

July

0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5    

August

0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3    

September

0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8    

October

-0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3    

November

-0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2    

December

-0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0    

The May 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, June 16, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.196 224.621 225.609 0.8 1.1 0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

363.153 365.470 367.079      

Food and beverages

240.839 240.000 240.898 0.8 0.0 0.4

Food

240.425 239.494 240.489 0.8 0.0 0.4

Food at home

229.779 227.791 228.662 -0.2 -0.5 0.4

Food away from home

258.214 259.091 260.295 2.5 0.8 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

244.264 244.757 244.237 0.6 0.0 -0.2

Housing

214.511 214.948 214.974 1.7 0.2 0.0

Shelter

253.512 254.079 254.693 2.8 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.375 252.535 252.983 2.8 0.2 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

256.960 257.322 257.889 2.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

256.948 257.309 257.877 2.6 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

209.027 209.184 207.060 -1.8 -0.9 -1.0

Household energy

171.352 170.820 168.634 -3.6 -1.6 -1.3

Energy services (1)

178.723 178.097 175.795 -3.0 -1.6 -1.3

Electricity (1)

196.735 196.855 196.351 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

138.218 136.418 131.335 -10.5 -5.0 -3.7

Household furnishings and operations

115.264 115.511 115.053 -1.4 -0.2 -0.4

Apparel

117.623 117.964 118.214 -0.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation

182.112 188.629 192.163 -2.9 5.5 1.9

Private transportation

176.285 182.902 185.942 -3.2 5.5 1.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.063 99.422 99.447 -0.7 0.4 0.0

New vehicles

141.195 140.696 139.816 -0.4 -1.0 -0.6

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.911 99.453 98.824 -0.6 -1.1 -0.6

New cars (4)

137.367 136.600 135.719 -1.0 -1.2 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

144.399 146.614 148.092 -1.3 2.6 1.0

Motor fuel

146.354 175.857 189.416 -13.1 29.4 7.7

Gasoline (all types)

145.296 174.991 188.601 -12.9 29.8 7.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

139.779 169.684 183.205 -13.9 31.1 8.0

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

174.959 206.842 220.484 -10.0 26.0 6.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

171.411 196.600 210.119 -6.9 22.6 6.9

Medical Care

462.960 464.165 465.161 2.8 0.5 0.2

Medical care commodities

375.338 375.463 376.989 2.3 0.4 0.4

Medical care services

492.328 493.913 494.715 3.0 0.5 0.2

Professional services

399.648 400.045 401.109 2.2 0.4 0.3

Recreation (3)

117.977 118.423 119.005 1.1 0.9 0.5

Education and communication (3)

140.329 140.305 140.773 0.7 0.3 0.3

Other goods and services

405.629 406.810 406.716 1.9 0.3 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.196 224.621 225.609 0.8 1.1 0.4

Commodities

172.721 174.833 176.218 -1.3 2.0 0.8

Commodities less food & beverages

140.158 143.386 144.924 -2.8 3.4 1.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

173.387 180.382 183.774 -3.4 6.0 1.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

210.121 221.418 226.842 -4.3 8.0 2.4

Durables

105.962 106.174 106.232 -1.7 0.3 0.1

Services

275.247 275.973 276.559 2.2 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

260.370 260.998 261.666 2.8 0.5 0.3

Transportation services

295.789 296.699 299.813 2.2 1.4 1.0

Other services

330.888 332.058 332.868 1.8 0.6 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.847 213.282 214.271 0.6 1.1 0.5

All items less food

220.295 222.095 223.082 0.8 1.3 0.4

All items less shelter

214.473 216.216 217.348 0.0 1.3 0.5

Commodities less food

143.374 146.546 148.038 -2.7 3.3 1.0

Nondurables

206.289 209.582 211.801 -1.2 2.7 1.1

Nondurables less food

177.175 183.807 186.980 -3.2 5.5 1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

211.880 222.168 227.040 -3.9 7.2 2.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

307.502 308.376 308.907 1.6 0.5 0.2

Services less medical care services

259.060 259.722 260.292 2.1 0.5 0.2

Energy

161.307 173.728 178.323 -8.2 10.5 2.6

All items less energy

232.074 232.431 233.076 1.6 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

231.263 231.855 232.439 1.8 0.5 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.862 146.051 146.190 -0.5 0.2 0.1

Energy commodities

147.858 176.121 189.008 -13.3 27.8 7.3

Services less energy services

287.547 288.421 289.317 2.6 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.002 218.761 219.816 0.5 1.3 0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

350.941 353.785 355.491      

Food and beverages

240.951 239.989 240.986 0.7 0.0 0.4

Food

240.570 239.513 240.589 0.7 0.0 0.4

Food at home

230.355 228.384 229.263 -0.4 -0.5 0.4

Food away from home

259.306 260.146 261.616 2.6 0.9 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

245.408 245.996 245.702 1.0 0.1 -0.1

Housing

209.482 209.859 209.764 1.6 0.1 0.0

Shelter

242.636 243.086 243.586 2.7 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.973 253.145 253.595 2.8 0.2 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

239.532 239.862 240.390 2.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

239.534 239.861 240.390 2.6 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

210.129 210.408 208.388 -1.7 -0.8 -1.0

Household energy

172.252 171.760 169.697 -3.4 -1.5 -1.2

Energy services (1)

178.226 177.673 175.511 -2.9 -1.5 -1.2

Electricity (1)

195.083 195.335 194.849 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

139.151 137.209 132.205 -10.3 -5.0 -3.6

Household furnishings and operations

113.594 113.835 113.064 -1.7 -0.5 -0.7

Apparel

115.258 115.538 115.787 -1.3 0.5 0.2

Transportation

177.526 185.173 188.984 -3.5 6.5 2.1

Private transportation

173.913 181.634 185.270 -3.7 6.5 2.0

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.841 99.477 99.696 -0.8 0.9 0.2

New vehicles

144.582 144.213 143.171 -0.4 -1.0 -0.7

Used cars and trucks

145.015 147.239 148.726 -1.3 2.6 1.0

Motor fuel

146.423 176.242 190.071 -13.0 29.8 7.8

Gasoline (all types)

145.317 175.295 189.154 -12.8 30.2 7.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

139.683 169.849 183.624 -13.8 31.5 8.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

174.560 206.631 220.449 -9.9 26.3 6.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

171.138 196.371 210.000 -6.9 22.7 6.9

Medical Care

468.582 469.981 470.969 2.9 0.5 0.2

Medical care commodities

369.033 369.153 370.457 2.3 0.4 0.4

Medical care services

499.356 501.198 502.064 3.2 0.5 0.2

Professional services

402.160 402.541 403.669 2.6 0.4 0.3

Recreation (3)

114.165 114.733 115.229 0.8 0.9 0.4

Education and communication (3)

132.209 132.292 132.651 0.5 0.3 0.3

Other goods and services

451.919 453.042 453.227 2.6 0.3 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.002 218.761 219.816 0.5 1.3 0.5

Commodities

173.990 176.830 178.547 -1.5 2.6 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

142.150 146.399 148.346 -3.1 4.4 1.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.450 185.478 189.862 -3.9 7.6 2.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

214.891 228.936 235.695 -4.7 9.7 3.0

Durables

107.992 108.512 108.573 -1.6 0.5 0.1

Services

267.765 268.419 268.798 2.1 0.4 0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

240.957 241.433 241.959 2.7 0.4 0.2

Transportation services

296.807 297.099 298.834 2.3 0.7 0.6

Other services

306.217 307.478 308.237 1.5 0.7 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.359 209.132 210.189 0.3 1.4 0.5

All items less food

212.501 214.705 215.753 0.4 1.5 0.5

All items less shelter

210.225 212.470 213.734 -0.3 1.7 0.6

Commodities less food

145.173 149.361 151.268 -2.9 4.2 1.3

Nondurables

208.398 212.709 215.502 -1.4 3.4 1.3

Nondurables less food

179.937 188.549 192.702 -3.6 7.1 2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

215.824 228.765 234.948 -4.2 8.9 2.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

272.155 272.941 273.127 1.5 0.4 0.1

Services less medical care services

252.456 253.036 253.382 2.0 0.4 0.1

Energy

159.565 173.126 178.439 -8.4 11.8 3.1

All items less energy

225.775 226.145 226.704 1.5 0.4 0.2

All items less food and energy

223.008 223.644 224.106 1.6 0.5 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.833 149.248 149.411 -0.4 0.4 0.1

Energy commodities

148.184 176.686 189.822 -13.2 28.1 7.4

Services less energy services

279.597 280.401 281.089 2.5 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 17, 2016