News Release Information

16-2177-KAN
Monday, November 21, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2016

From December 2015 to March 2016, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 131,177, while gross job losses numbered 124,222, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,955. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 23,990.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri declined by 13,834 from December 2015 to March 2016 and the number of gross job losses was 3,201 higher. Even so, the number of gross job gains exceeded the number of gross job losses as it has in 22 of the past 24 quarters. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.7 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2016, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.3 percent in the first quarter of 2016, lower than the national rate of 5.7 percent. Generally, the state’s rates of gross job gains and gross job losses have been the same as or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since the series began in 1992.

During the first quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in nine industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,279. While 25,954 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 22,675 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in March 2016. In education and health services, 18,929 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 16,853 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. One additional industry had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000–retail trade (1,759). (See table 1.)

In contrast, two industry sectors had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains in the first quarter of 2016. Professional and business services had a net decrease 1,747 jobs and transportation and warehousing had a net loss of 1,026 jobs.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2016 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 25, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

127,847 138,899 131,354 145,011 131,177 5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.7

At expanding establishments

106,295 115,057 108,704 119,529 109,016 4.7 5.0 4.7 5.2 4.7

At opening establishments

21,552 23,842 22,650 25,482 22,161 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

123,610 120,074 126,763 121,021 124,222 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.3

At contracting establishments

102,514 101,151 106,203 101,353 105,113 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.5

At closing establishments

21,096 18,923 20,560 19,668 19,109 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

4,237 18,825 4,591 23,990 6,955 0.2 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.4

Construction

 

Gross job gains

11,442 11,791 12,229 13,123 12,038 10.1 10.4 10.8 11.2 10.1

At expanding establishments

9,544 9,790 10,206 11,139 10,046 8.4 8.6 9.0 9.5 8.4

At opening establishments

1,898 2,001 2,023 1,984 1,992 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7

Gross job losses

11,741 11,087 10,399 9,300 11,382 10.4 9.8 9.1 7.9 9.4

At contracting establishments

9,490 9,414 8,568 7,776 9,551 8.4 8.3 7.5 6.6 7.9

At closing establishments

2,251 1,673 1,831 1,524 1,831 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-299 704 1,830 3,823 656 -0.3 0.6 1.7 3.3 0.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

7,856 8,606 7,328 8,003 7,867 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.0 3.0

At expanding establishments

7,506 8,107 6,883 7,415 7,410 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.8 2.8

At opening establishments

350 499 445 588 457 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

7,021 6,883 8,069 8,664 7,357 2.7 2.7 3.1 3.3 2.8

At contracting establishments

6,361 6,191 7,547 7,711 6,780 2.4 2.4 2.9 2.9 2.6

At closing establishments

660 692 522 953 577 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2

Net employment change (2)

835 1,723 -741 -661 510 0.3 0.6 -0.3 -0.3 0.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,683 6,094 4,954 5,482 5,170 4.7 5.0 4.1 4.5 4.3

At expanding establishments

4,673 5,225 4,196 4,481 4,275 3.9 4.3 3.5 3.7 3.6

At opening establishments

1,010 869 758 1,001 895 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

5,495 4,877 5,324 5,045 4,957 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.1

At contracting establishments

4,300 3,924 4,287 4,042 3,957 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.3 3.3

At closing establishments

1,195 953 1,037 1,003 1,000 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

188 1,217 -370 437 213 0.1 1.0 -0.4 0.4 0.2

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,677 19,079 16,764 17,081 17,630 5.4 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.6

At expanding establishments

14,587 17,229 14,428 15,200 15,732 4.7 5.5 4.6 4.8 5.0

At opening establishments

2,090 1,850 2,336 1,881 1,898 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

16,617 14,319 18,137 15,304 15,871 5.3 4.5 5.7 4.9 5.1

At contracting establishments

14,336 12,649 16,416 13,530 14,354 4.6 4.0 5.2 4.3 4.6

At closing establishments

2,281 1,670 1,721 1,774 1,517 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

60 4,760 -1,373 1,777 1,759 0.1 1.6 -0.4 0.5 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

5,318 5,044 4,806 6,151 4,707 6.1 5.7 5.4 6.8 5.2

At expanding establishments

4,469 4,121 4,237 5,593 3,979 5.1 4.7 4.8 6.2 4.4

At opening establishments

849 923 569 558 728 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.8

Gross job losses

5,343 4,224 4,152 3,826 5,733 6.1 4.8 4.7 4.2 6.3

At contracting establishments

4,667 3,617 3,508 3,285 5,116 5.3 4.1 4.0 3.6 5.6

At closing establishments

676 607 644 541 617 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-25 820 654 2,325 -1,026 0.0 0.9 0.7 2.6 -1.1

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,664 1,860 1,769 2,497 2,089 3.4 3.7 3.5 5.0 4.2

At expanding establishments

1,421 1,604 1,546 1,883 1,801 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.8 3.6

At opening establishments

243 256 223 614 288 0.5 0.5 0.4 1.2 0.6

Gross job losses

1,681 1,851 2,284 2,227 1,959 3.3 3.7 4.6 4.5 3.9

At contracting establishments

1,465 1,692 1,891 1,917 1,703 2.9 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.4

At closing establishments

216 159 393 310 256 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-17 9 -515 270 130 0.1 0.0 -1.1 0.5 0.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

6,846 6,931 6,392 7,320 6,616 4.4 4.4 4.0 4.6 4.2

At expanding establishments

5,420 5,524 5,239 5,863 5,210 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.3

At opening establishments

1,426 1,407 1,153 1,457 1,406 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

6,455 5,847 6,689 5,947 5,791 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.8 3.6

At contracting establishments

5,299 4,709 5,255 4,912 4,499 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.1 2.8

At closing establishments

1,156 1,138 1,434 1,035 1,292 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

391 1,084 -297 1,373 825 0.3 0.7 -0.2 0.8 0.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,522 24,965 27,340 29,642 23,740 6.4 6.8 7.4 7.9 6.3

At expanding establishments

19,531 19,930 21,851 23,304 19,156 5.3 5.4 5.9 6.2 5.1

At opening establishments

3,991 5,035 5,489 6,338 4,584 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.2

Gross job losses

23,249 23,030 21,643 22,669 25,487 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.7

At contracting establishments

18,870 18,981 16,940 18,560 20,928 5.1 5.2 4.6 4.9 5.5

At closing establishments

4,379 4,049 4,703 4,109 4,559 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

273 1,935 5,697 6,973 -1,747 0.1 0.5 1.5 1.9 -0.4

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

17,893 21,423 19,471 19,518 18,929 4.2 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.4

At expanding establishments

13,496 15,886 15,484 14,196 14,210 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3

At opening establishments

4,397 5,537 3,987 5,322 4,719 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

17,295 17,224 18,407 17,783 16,853 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.1 3.9

At contracting establishments

13,354 13,269 14,116 13,316 13,100 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.0

At closing establishments

3,941 3,955 4,291 4,467 3,753 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

598 4,199 1,064 1,735 2,076 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

23,807 26,248 23,864 29,492 25,954 8.2 9.0 8.2 10.0 8.7

At expanding establishments

19,803 21,816 19,263 24,982 21,859 6.8 7.5 6.6 8.5 7.3

At opening establishments

4,004 4,432 4,601 4,510 4,095 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4

Gross job losses

22,207 24,980 24,796 23,872 22,675 7.6 8.6 8.5 8.1 7.5

At contracting establishments

19,052 21,841 21,950 20,716 19,877 6.5 7.5 7.5 7.0 6.6

At closing establishments

3,155 3,139 2,846 3,156 2,798 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,600 1,268 -932 5,620 3,279 0.6 0.4 -0.3 1.9 1.2

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,419 5,081 4,839 5,151 4,811 7.6 7.1 6.8 7.2 6.7

At expanding establishments

4,323 4,249 3,990 4,133 3,969 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.8 5.5

At opening establishments

1,096 832 849 1,018 842 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

4,631 4,257 5,343 4,544 4,566 6.5 5.9 7.4 6.3 6.3

At contracting establishments

3,681 3,536 4,324 3,875 3,842 5.2 4.9 6.0 5.4 5.3

At closing establishments

950 721 1,019 669 724 1.3 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

788 824 -504 607 245 1.1 1.2 -0.6 0.9 0.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016

United States (1)

6.0 6.4 6.3 6.6 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7

Alabama

5.7 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.4

Alaska

10.4 10.6 9.1 9.6 9.4 9.3 10.9 10.3 10.5 9.7

Arizona

6.0 6.0 6.8 6.9 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.7

Arkansas

5.4 6.0 6.1 6.3 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3

California

7.0 6.9 6.9 7.6 6.5 6.2 6.5 5.9 6.7 6.3

Colorado

6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.1

Connecticut

4.9 5.7 5.1 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.9 4.9 5.0

Delaware

5.8 7.7 6.1 7.3 6.5 7.3 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.4

District of Columbia

5.8 6.1 6.1 6.2 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.4 4.6 5.6

Florida

6.4 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8

Georgia

6.3 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6

Hawaii

5.1 4.9 5.1 5.8 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.9

Idaho

9.0 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.2 7.1 7.2 7.0 6.9 6.3

Illinois

5.8 6.1 5.4 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.6 5.4

Indiana

5.4 5.7 5.5 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.3 4.9 5.3

Iowa

6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.5 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.3

Kansas

5.7 6.0 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.9

Kentucky

5.6 6.4 6.1 6.7 5.7 6.1 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.8

Louisiana

6.1 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.0 6.8 6.8 6.2 6.4 6.6

Maine

6.6 8.3 6.6 8.6 8.0 7.1 6.5 7.1 7.1 6.9

Maryland

6.0 7.1 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.0

Massachusetts

5.4 6.4 5.4 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.0

Michigan

5.3 6.1 5.4 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.3 4.9

Minnesota

5.6 6.1 5.4 6.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.8 5.7 5.2

Mississippi

5.7 6.5 6.2 7.1 5.7 6.4 5.9 5.9 5.4 6.1

Missouri

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.3

Montana

9.2 8.0 7.6 8.5 7.8 7.2 8.4 7.7 7.3 7.2

Nebraska

6.1 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5

Nevada

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.8 6.3 5.3 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.7

New Hampshire

5.8 6.8 6.1 6.7 6.0 5.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 5.8

New Jersey

6.0 7.1 6.3 6.7 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.9 5.9

New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.5 7.0 6.2 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.3

New York

6.0 6.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7

North Carolina

5.9 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.6

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 7.1 6.7 6.6 8.6 11.2 8.5 8.1 8.9

Ohio

5.5 6.0 5.5 6.0 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.1

Oklahoma

5.7 6.0 6.1 6.3 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.4

Oregon

7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.2 5.8

Pennsylvania

4.9 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.4 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.1 5.2

Rhode Island

5.4 6.7 5.8 6.6 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.9

South Carolina

5.7 6.5 6.1 7.1 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.3 5.8

South Dakota

6.3 6.3 5.9 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.1

Tennessee

5.2 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.2 5.3 4.8 5.1 4.8 5.1

Texas

5.8 6.0 5.9 6.1 4.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5

Utah

7.4 6.9 7.0 7.2 7.3 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.9

Vermont

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.2 6.6 6.7 6.9 7.7 6.5 6.9

Virginia

6.1 6.5 7.1 6.4 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.9

Washington

6.9 7.3 6.7 6.8 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.8 6.2 5.6

West Virginia

6.0 6.4 5.8 6.6 5.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.9

Wisconsin

5.5 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.2

Wyoming

9.1 7.9 8.5 9.0 7.9 8.9 11.0 9.2 9.3 9.4

Puerto Rico

5.3 5.7 5.9 6.3 5.7 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.7 6.0

Virgin Islands

5.7 6.5 6.0 7.3 5.7 5.8 6.8 7.3 5.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, November 21, 2016