News Release Information

16-1662-KAN
Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – Fourth Quarter 2015

From September 2015 to December 2015, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Kansas totaled 70,654, while gross job losses numbered 62,682, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 7,972. During the previous quarter, gross jobs losses exceeded gross job gains 1,060.

  

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Kansas rose from 63,082 in September 2015 to 70,654 in December 2015, an increase of 7,572. This is the first time gross job gains have exceeded 70,000 since March 2012. Gross job losses decreased by 1,460 in the three months ended in December 2015, the third consecutive quarterly decline. (See chart 1.) Gross job losses have been below 70,000 since September 2009.

Gross job gains represented 6.2 percent of private sector employment in Kansas in the quarter ended December 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.6 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Generally, the rate of gross job gains in Kansas has been below the U.S. rate since March 2009. Kansas’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to the national rate of 5.8 percent. With few exceptions, the state’s rate of gross job losses has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since June 2008.

During the fourth quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 9 of the 10 published industry sectors in Kansas. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,864. While 14,970 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 13,106 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in December 2015. In education and health services, 8,773 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 6,918 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Two additional industries had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000: construction (1,626) and transportation and warehousing (1,233). (See table 1.)

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED website at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2016 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 9, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

69,883 63,109 66,653 63,082 70,654 6.2 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.2

At expanding establishments

57,570 52,413 55,720 52,208 56,773 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.7 5.0

At opening establishments

12,313 10,696 10,933 10,874 13,881 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2

Gross job losses

59,565 65,217 64,933 64,142 62,682 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6

At contracting establishments

48,764 54,973 53,137 53,498 51,367 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6

At closing establishments

10,801 10,244 11,796 10,644 11,315 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

10,318 -2,108 1,720 -1,060 7,972 0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.6

Construction

 

Gross job gains

6,869 7,694 5,964 6,667 7,495 11.5 12.6 9.8 11.1 12.1

At expanding establishments

5,548 6,344 4,925 5,396 5,560 9.3 10.4 8.1 9.0 9.0

At opening establishments

1,321 1,350 1,039 1,271 1,935 2.2 2.2 1.7 2.1 3.1

Gross job losses

6,062 6,137 7,482 5,995 5,869 10.2 10.0 12.3 10.0 9.5

At contracting establishments

4,921 4,976 6,037 4,879 4,644 8.3 8.1 9.9 8.1 7.5

At closing establishments

1,141 1,161 1,445 1,116 1,225 1.9 1.9 2.4 1.9 2.0

Net employment change (2)

807 1,557 -1,518 672 1,626 1.3 2.6 -2.5 1.1 2.6

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,302 3,778 4,693 4,044 4,962 3.3 2.3 2.9 2.5 3.0

At expanding establishments

4,845 3,626 4,173 3,739 4,400 3.0 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.7

At opening establishments

457 152 520 305 562 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

4,066 4,757 5,228 4,613 4,918 2.5 2.9 3.2 2.9 3.0

At contracting establishments

3,634 4,455 4,662 4,365 4,265 2.2 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.6

At closing establishments

432 302 566 248 653 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4

Net employment change (2)

1,236 -979 -535 -569 44 0.8 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,178 2,775 3,007 2,584 3,230 5.2 4.6 5.0 4.3 5.3

At expanding establishments

2,519 2,150 2,546 2,212 2,447 4.1 3.6 4.2 3.7 4.0

At opening establishments

659 625 461 372 783 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.3

Gross job losses

2,678 2,719 2,647 2,820 2,705 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.5

At contracting establishments

2,032 2,185 2,141 2,177 2,117 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5

At closing establishments

646 534 506 643 588 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

500 56 360 -236 525 0.9 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.8

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

8,990 8,245 10,738 7,467 8,430 6.1 5.6 7.2 5.0 5.7

At expanding establishments

7,928 7,068 9,271 6,430 7,251 5.4 4.8 6.2 4.3 4.9

At opening establishments

1,062 1,177 1,467 1,037 1,179 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

7,837 8,159 8,079 8,893 8,671 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.9

At contracting establishments

6,743 7,231 7,079 7,955 7,671 4.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.2

At closing establishments

1,094 928 1,000 938 1,000 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,153 86 2,659 -1,426 -241 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.9 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,251 2,183 2,145 3,222 3,479 7.3 5.0 4.9 7.4 7.7

At expanding establishments

2,965 1,889 1,920 2,893 3,180 6.7 4.3 4.4 6.6 7.0

At opening establishments

286 294 225 329 299 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

2,007 3,267 2,659 2,045 2,246 4.5 7.3 6.1 4.6 5.0

At contracting establishments

1,695 3,071 2,402 1,633 1,880 3.8 6.9 5.5 3.7 4.2

At closing establishments

312 196 257 412 366 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,244 -1,084 -514 1,177 1,233 2.8 -2.3 -1.2 2.8 2.7

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

3,828 3,433 3,471 3,388 4,235 5.3 4.6 4.7 4.6 5.8

At expanding establishments

2,882 2,736 2,782 2,725 3,237 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.7 4.4

At opening establishments

946 697 689 663 998 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.4

Gross job losses

3,421 3,186 3,306 3,477 3,554 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8

At contracting establishments

2,648 2,517 2,570 2,528 2,646 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6

At closing establishments

773 669 736 949 908 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

407 247 165 -89 681 0.5 0.3 0.2 -0.1 1.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

14,758 11,438 13,374 13,143 14,970 8.6 6.4 7.6 7.3 8.2

At expanding establishments

11,685 9,333 11,316 10,777 12,005 6.8 5.2 6.4 6.0 6.6

At opening establishments

3,073 2,105 2,058 2,366 2,965 1.8 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.6

Gross job losses

11,630 14,095 12,762 12,390 13,106 6.7 7.9 7.2 6.9 7.3

At contracting establishments

9,337 11,836 9,358 9,911 10,446 5.4 6.6 5.3 5.5 5.8

At closing establishments

2,293 2,259 3,404 2,479 2,660 1.3 1.3 1.9 1.4 1.5

Net employment change (2)

3,128 -2,657 612 753 1,864 1.9 -1.5 0.4 0.4 0.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

7,484 7,367 7,991 7,500 8,773 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.9 4.6

At expanding establishments

6,330 6,299 6,516 6,288 6,871 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.6

At opening establishments

1,154 1,068 1,475 1,212 1,902 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.0

Gross job losses

6,618 7,532 7,254 7,888 6,918 3.5 4.1 3.8 4.2 3.6

At contracting establishments

5,456 5,762 6,082 6,586 5,745 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.0

At closing establishments

1,162 1,770 1,172 1,302 1,173 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

866 -165 737 -388 1,855 0.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.3 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

10,120 11,059 10,703 10,268 10,349 8.2 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.2

At expanding establishments

7,803 8,660 8,465 7,913 8,069 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.4

At opening establishments

2,317 2,399 2,238 2,355 2,280 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8

Gross job losses

9,435 9,044 10,325 10,750 9,554 7.7 7.3 8.2 8.6 7.6

At contracting establishments

7,611 7,595 8,547 9,161 7,785 6.2 6.1 6.8 7.3 6.2

At closing establishments

1,824 1,449 1,778 1,589 1,769 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

685 2,015 378 -482 795 0.5 1.5 0.3 -0.4 0.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,679 2,624 2,212 2,283 2,370 8.1 7.8 7.0 7.2 7.4

At expanding establishments

2,089 2,176 1,830 1,792 1,827 6.3 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.7

At opening establishments

590 448 382 491 543 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

2,574 2,497 2,141 2,206 2,237 7.8 7.5 6.8 7.0 7.0

At contracting establishments

1,922 2,115 1,772 1,681 1,778 5.8 6.4 5.6 5.3 5.6

At closing establishments

652 382 369 525 459 2.0 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.4

Net employment change (2)

105 127 71 77 133 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015

United States (1)

6.6 5.9 6.4 6.1 6.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8

Alabama

6.0 5.6 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.3

Alaska

10.6 10.4 10.6 9.0 9.5 10.4 9.2 10.8 10.2 10.5

Arizona

7.0 6.0 5.9 6.8 6.9 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.4

Arkansas

6.6 5.4 5.9 6.1 6.3 5.1 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.1

California

7.4 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.6 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.8 6.7

Colorado

7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.3

Connecticut

5.4 4.8 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.8 5.8 5.0

Delaware

7.0 5.7 7.6 6.1 7.2 5.4 7.3 5.6 6.1 6.2

District of Columbia

5.5 5.5 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.5 4.7

Florida

7.1 6.3 6.9 6.8 7.1 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8

Georgia

6.9 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.9 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.7

Hawaii

5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.7 4.4 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.6

Idaho

8.0 9.1 7.5 7.8 7.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.9

Illinois

6.2 5.8 6.2 5.4 6.4 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.6

Indiana

6.3 5.3 5.7 5.4 6.2 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.3 4.9

Iowa

6.1 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.9 6.0 5.6

Kansas

6.2 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.2 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

6.6 5.5 6.4 6.0 6.6 5.3 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.3

Louisiana

6.8 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.5 5.8 6.7 6.8 6.2 6.3

Maine

7.2 6.5 8.0 6.5 7.1 7.2 7.0 6.4 7.1 7.0

Maryland

6.7 5.9 7.0 6.5 6.7 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.3 5.9

Massachusetts

6.0 5.1 6.3 5.4 5.9 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.6 5.2

Michigan

6.2 5.2 6.1 5.4 6.1 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.3

Minnesota

5.8 5.6 6.1 5.4 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.9 5.8

Mississippi

6.9 5.5 6.3 6.2 7.1 5.4 6.4 5.9 5.8 5.4

Missouri

6.3 5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.1 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.1

Montana

8.5 9.1 8.0 7.6 8.5 8.0 7.2 8.4 7.7 7.3

Nebraska

6.2 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5

Nevada

6.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.8 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.2

New Hampshire

6.9 5.7 6.8 6.0 6.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.3 5.6

New Jersey

6.9 5.8 7.1 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.0 5.9 6.1 5.9

New Mexico

7.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.8

New York

6.6 5.9 6.7 6.3 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.9

North Carolina

6.5 5.9 6.4 6.1 6.6 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.6 5.5

North Dakota

8.7 7.1 6.7 7.1 6.7 6.7 8.7 11.3 8.5 8.1

Ohio

6.1 5.4 6.0 5.4 6.0 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.2

Oklahoma

6.7 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.5 6.1 6.5 6.1 6.5

Oregon

7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.3 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.6 4.9 5.6 5.2 5.7 4.9 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.1

Rhode Island

6.4 5.3 6.6 5.8 6.6 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7

South Carolina

6.8 5.7 6.5 6.2 7.1 5.0 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.3

South Dakota

6.3 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.6 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.9

Tennessee

6.2 5.2 5.9 5.8 6.3 4.8 5.2 4.8 5.1 4.6

Texas

6.4 5.8 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5

Utah

7.2 7.3 6.9 7.0 7.2 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.0

Vermont

7.5 6.8 7.3 6.9 7.1 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.6 6.5

Virginia

5.8 6.0 6.4 6.9 6.4 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.5

Washington

6.9 6.7 7.2 6.5 6.7 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.0

West Virginia

6.6 6.0 6.3 5.8 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.4

Wisconsin

5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.2

Wyoming

9.3 8.9 7.8 8.3 9.0 8.0 8.9 10.9 8.7 9.2

Puerto Rico

6.4 5.3 5.8 6.2 6.3 4.9 6.4 6.8 6.3 5.8

Virgin Islands

6.2 5.5 6.3 5.8 7.3 5.6 5.9 6.7 7.4 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 10, 2016