News Release Information

15-1958-KAN
Wednesday, October 21, 2015

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – Fourth Quarter 2014

From September 2014 to December 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Kansas totaled 70,016, while gross job losses numbered 59,244, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,772, the largest amount since March 2012. During the previous quarter, gross jobs losses exceeded gross job gains by 706.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Kansas, December 2009-December 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Kansas rose from 63,328 in September 2014 to 70,016 in December 2014, an increase of 6,688. Gross job gains in Kansas have remained above 60,000 in each quarter since June 2010. Gross job losses declined by 4,790 during the fourth quarter of 2014 after increasing in each of the three previous quarters. (See chart 1.) The 59,244 gross job losses recorded in the three months ended in December 2014 were the fourth-lowest recorded in Kansas since the series began in 1992.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Kansas, December 2009-December 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

 

Gross job gains represented 6.2 percent of private sector employment in Kansas in the quarter ended December 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.6 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Generally, the rate of gross job gains in Kansas has been below the U.S. rate since March 2009. Kansas’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014, lower than the national rate of 5.6 percent. With few exceptions, the state’s rate of gross job losses has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since 2008.

During the fourth quarter of 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in all 10 published industry sectors in Kansas. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,211. While 14,767 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 11,556 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in December 2014. In transportation and warehousing, 3,247 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 1,940 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Three additional industries registered gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000: manufacturing (1,258); retail trade (1,195); and education and health services (1,035). (See table 1.)

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 18, 2015.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

With the processing of fourth quarter 2014 BED data, BLS implemented a new statistical matching process used in the longitudinal linking of Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data. Tabulations from this quarter forward will reflect this new methodology. For additional details on this new methodology, please see the article “A Simplified Approach to Administrative Record Linkage in the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages” available at: www.bls.gov/osmr/pdf/st140020.pdf.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

68,947 62,686 67,594 63,328 70,016 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2

At expanding establishments

56,301 52,718 56,179 51,828 57,547 5.1 4.8 5.1 4.7 5.1

At opening establishments

12,646 9,968 11,415 11,500 12,469 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

58,995 61,041 62,628 64,034 59,244 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.3

At contracting establishments

48,550 50,063 52,017 54,187 48,720 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.4

At closing establishments

10,445 10,978 10,611 9,847 10,524 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

9,952 1,645 4,966 -706 10,772 0.9 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.9

Construction

 

Gross job gains

8,145 7,883 6,932 6,125 6,872 13.9 13.0 11.5 10.4 11.5

At expanding establishments

6,637 6,405 5,599 4,729 5,549 11.3 10.6 9.3 8.0 9.3

At opening establishments

1,508 1,478 1,333 1,396 1,323 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.2

Gross job losses

6,347 6,527 8,317 6,964 6,051 10.8 10.8 13.7 11.7 10.1

At contracting establishments

5,004 5,268 6,958 5,874 4,893 8.5 8.7 11.5 9.9 8.2

At closing establishments

1,343 1,259 1,359 1,090 1,158 2.3 2.1 2.2 1.8 1.9

Net employment change (2)

1,798 1,356 -1,385 -839 821 3.1 2.2 -2.2 -1.3 1.4

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,324 4,280 4,643 4,021 5,310 3.3 2.7 2.8 2.5 3.3

At expanding establishments

4,888 3,997 4,304 3,767 4,849 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.3 3.0

At opening establishments

436 283 339 254 461 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

3,923 3,930 3,914 5,097 4,052 2.4 2.4 2.4 3.1 2.5

At contracting establishments

3,509 3,702 3,552 4,699 3,624 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.9 2.2

At closing establishments

414 228 362 398 428 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Net employment change (2)

1,401 350 729 -1,076 1,258 0.9 0.3 0.4 -0.6 0.8

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,532 3,683 2,957 2,927 3,182 5.8 6.0 4.9 4.8 5.2

At expanding establishments

2,792 3,134 2,365 2,277 2,522 4.6 5.1 3.9 3.7 4.1

At opening establishments

740 549 592 650 660 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

2,760 2,824 2,768 2,698 2,640 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

At contracting establishments

1,956 1,998 2,136 2,033 2,112 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4

At closing establishments

804 826 632 665 528 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.1 0.9

Net employment change (2)

772 859 189 229 542 1.3 1.3 0.4 0.4 0.9

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

8,820 8,534 8,765 8,387 8,989 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.7 6.1

At expanding establishments

7,701 7,513 7,586 7,221 7,928 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.4

At opening establishments

1,119 1,021 1,179 1,166 1,061 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

7,908 8,064 7,970 9,261 7,794 5.4 5.5 5.4 6.3 5.3

At contracting establishments

6,991 7,053 7,184 8,283 6,770 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.6 4.6

At closing establishments

917 1,011 786 978 1,024 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

912 470 795 -874 1,195 0.7 0.3 0.6 -0.6 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,127 2,373 2,378 2,572 3,247 7.4 5.5 5.6 6.0 7.3

At expanding establishments

2,609 2,111 2,049 2,318 2,975 6.2 4.9 4.8 5.4 6.7

At opening establishments

518 262 329 254 272 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

2,040 2,396 2,413 1,898 1,940 4.8 5.6 5.6 4.4 4.4

At contracting establishments

1,647 2,179 2,146 1,678 1,669 3.9 5.1 5.0 3.9 3.8

At closing establishments

393 217 267 220 271 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,087 -23 -35 674 1,307 2.6 -0.1 0.0 1.6 2.9

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

3,457 3,204 3,449 3,719 3,823 4.9 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.3

At expanding establishments

2,689 2,627 2,852 3,109 2,869 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.0

At opening establishments

768 577 597 610 954 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.3

Gross job losses

3,738 3,344 3,198 3,273 3,430 5.3 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.8

At contracting establishments

2,812 2,562 2,540 2,576 2,653 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7

At closing establishments

926 782 658 697 777 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-281 -140 251 446 393 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

13,768 12,014 13,635 12,860 14,767 8.3 7.2 8.1 7.6 8.6

At expanding establishments

10,729 10,008 11,311 10,131 11,679 6.5 6.0 6.7 6.0 6.8

At opening establishments

3,039 2,006 2,324 2,729 3,088 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8

Gross job losses

11,705 11,952 12,372 12,123 11,556 7.0 7.1 7.4 7.1 6.7

At contracting establishments

9,678 9,370 9,424 9,944 9,264 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.4

At closing establishments

2,027 2,582 2,948 2,179 2,292 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.3

Net employment change (2)

2,063 62 1,263 737 3,211 1.3 0.1 0.7 0.5 1.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

7,378 6,193 8,645 7,083 7,621 4.1 3.3 4.7 3.9 4.1

At expanding establishments

6,487 5,390 6,993 6,215 6,315 3.6 2.9 3.8 3.4 3.4

At opening establishments

891 803 1,652 868 1,306 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.7

Gross job losses

6,175 7,805 6,322 6,749 6,586 3.4 4.3 3.4 3.6 3.5

At contracting establishments

5,274 6,517 5,216 5,610 5,453 2.9 3.6 2.8 3.0 2.9

At closing establishments

901 1,288 1,106 1,139 1,133 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,203 -1,612 2,323 334 1,035 0.7 -1.0 1.3 0.3 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

9,566 9,610 10,893 10,129 10,087 7.9 7.8 8.9 8.3 8.2

At expanding establishments

7,028 7,756 8,832 7,552 7,787 5.8 6.3 7.2 6.2 6.3

At opening establishments

2,538 1,854 2,061 2,577 2,300 2.1 1.5 1.7 2.1 1.9

Gross job losses

9,733 8,650 10,104 10,512 9,434 8.0 7.1 8.2 8.5 7.7

At contracting establishments

7,865 6,925 8,383 8,887 7,633 6.5 5.7 6.8 7.2 6.2

At closing establishments

1,868 1,725 1,721 1,625 1,801 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-167 960 789 -383 653 -0.1 0.7 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,579 2,334 2,431 2,754 2,677 7.9 7.1 7.5 8.4 8.1

At expanding establishments

1,939 1,683 1,925 2,091 2,084 5.9 5.1 5.9 6.4 6.3

At opening establishments

640 651 506 663 593 2.0 2.0 1.6 2.0 1.8

Gross job losses

2,144 2,569 2,613 2,355 2,533 6.5 7.8 8.0 7.2 7.7

At contracting establishments

1,708 1,909 2,112 1,866 1,883 5.2 5.8 6.5 5.7 5.7

At closing establishments

436 660 501 489 650 1.3 2.0 1.5 1.5 2.0

Net employment change (2)

435 -235 -182 399 144 1.4 -0.7 -0.5 1.2 0.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014

United States (1)

6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.6

  Alabama

6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2

  Alaska

10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.5 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4 10.3

  Arizona

6.7 5.7 6.0 6.4 7.0 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.2

  Arkansas

6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.5 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.3 4.9

  California

7.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.5

  Colorado

6.9 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.1

  Connecticut

5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.1

  Delaware

6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 7.0 5.8 5.9 5.2 6.1 5.4

  District of Columbia

5.8 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.5

  Florida

7.0 6.5 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9 6.0

  Georgia

6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8 7.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.6

  Hawaii

5.4 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.4

  Idaho

8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.9 7.3 7.2 8.0 7.3 6.5

  Illinois

5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

  Indiana

6.1 5.3 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.0

  Iowa

6.0 5.8 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6

  Kansas

6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.3

  Kentucky

6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.6 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.3

  Louisiana

6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8 5.8

  Maine

7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 7.1 7.5 7.0 6.5 7.1 7.2

  Maryland

6.4 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.2 6.2

  Massachusetts

5.4 5.3 6.3 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.5 5.3

  Michigan

6.0 5.5 6.4 5.5 6.2 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.2

  Minnesota

5.6 5.3 6.5 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.9 5.4

  Mississippi

6.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.8 5.6 5.9 6.7 6.0 5.2

  Missouri

6.0 5.6 6.0 5.6 6.3 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.1

  Montana

8.2 7.2 8.2 8.0 8.5 7.5 7.9 7.7 8.1 8.0

  Nebraska

6.3 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6

  Nevada

6.3 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.3

  New Hampshire

6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9 6.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0

  New Jersey

6.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 6.9 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.3 6.1

  New Mexico

6.9 6.3 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1 6.0

  New York

6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8

  North Carolina

6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1 6.5 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.4

  North Dakota

8.2 8.6 7.6 8.2 8.7 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.7

  Ohio

6.0 5.6 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.1

  Oklahoma

6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.5

  Oregon

6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.3

  Pennsylvania

5.4 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.8

  Rhode Island

6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6

  South Carolina

6.7 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.8 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.0

  South Dakota

6.9 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8

  Tennessee

6.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.3 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.0 4.7

  Texas

6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.9

  Utah

7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0 5.8

  Vermont

7.6 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.2 6.7

  Virginia

5.7 5.3 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

  Washington

6.9 6.6 7.3 7.0 7.1 6.3 5.9 5.5 6.0 5.9

  West Virginia

6.5 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.0

  Wisconsin

5.7 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.1

  Wyoming

9.4 8.4 8.7 8.3 9.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.1

  Puerto Rico

6.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 6.5 5.2 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.0

  Virgin Islands

5.5 4.9 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 21, 2015