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14-945-CHI
June 04, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Division – May 2013

Workers in the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.60 in May 2013, about 6 percent above the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 6 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; production; and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; architecture and engineering; and healthcare practitioners and technical. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including sales and related; construction and extraction; and education, training, and library. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Detroit United States Detroit Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $23.60* 6

Management

4.9 4.9 53.15 53.81 1

Business and financial operations

5.0 4.8 34.14 33.75 -1

Computer and mathematical

2.8 3.0 39.43 38.96 -1

Architecture and engineering

1.8 3.4* 38.51 38.87 1

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.5* 33.37 33.40 0

Community and social services

1.4 1.6* 21.50 21.64 1

Legal

0.8 0.6* 47.89 47.58 -1

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.1* 24.76 26.19 6

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.1* 26.72 23.74* -11

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 7.3* 35.93 35.89 0

Healthcare support

3.0 3.7* 13.61 12.91* -5

Protective service

2.5 2.4 20.92 21.62 3

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 8.7 10.38 10.33 0

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.9* 12.51 13.23* 6

Personal care and service

3.0 2.8 11.88 12.00 1

Sales and related

10.6 9.0* 18.37 18.15 -1

Office and administrative support

16.2 15.1* 16.78 17.40* 4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2)* 11.70 13.84 18

Construction and extraction

3.8 2.5* 21.94 27.18* 24

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.7* 21.35 22.98* 8

Production

6.6 9.2* 16.79 20.62* 23

Transportation and material moving

6.8 7.6* 16.28 19.72* 21

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Detroit is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn had 64,170 jobs in production, accounting for 9.2 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $20.62, measurably above the national wage of $16.79.

With employment of 20,440, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (4,160) and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (3,820). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers followed by model makers, metal and plastic, with mean hourly wages of $31.10 and $30.38, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($9.01) and photographic process workers and processing machine operators ($9.50). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/oes_19804.htm).

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic were employed at 4.5 times the national rate in Detroit, and tool and die makers, at 4.2 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic had a location quotient of 1.0 in Detroit, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Labor & Economic Growth.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

Note: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division included 4,063 establishments with a response rate of 69 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Division includes Wayne County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division, May 2013
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Production Occupations

64,170 1.4 $20.62 $42,900

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

4,160 1.4 31.10 64,690

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers

530 0.5 15.17 31,560

Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers

190 0.8 14.01 29,130

Engine and Other Machine Assemblers

650 3.1 19.80 41,180

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

280 0.7 21.78 45,300

Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators

(5) (5) 20.09 41,780

Team Assemblers

20,440 3.7 21.89 45,540

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

2,360 1.8 13.90 28,900

Bakers

940 1.1 12.96 26,960

Butchers and Meat Cutters

390 0.5 14.58 30,320

Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers

260 0.3 10.08 20,970

Slaughterers and Meat Packers

190 0.4 12.86 26,750

Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

(5) (5) 14.62 30,410

Food Batchmakers

300 0.5 14.43 30,020

Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders

50 0.3 13.29 27,640

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

890 1.2 19.23 39,990

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

230 1.8 23.95 49,810

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

350 0.9 15.99 33,270

Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

160 1.4 16.78 34,910

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2,800 2.8 23.03 47,900

Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

240 2.3 14.54 30,240

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

360 1.0 17.41 36,220

Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

310 1.4 18.49 38,450

Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

170 1.4 15.88 33,030

Machinists

2,840 1.4 21.45 44,620

Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

210 6.3 30.38 63,190

Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic

30 1.5 24.69 51,350

Foundry Mold and Coremakers

(5) (5) 15.89 33,050

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

730 1.1 14.12 29,360

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

390 0.8 17.94 37,310

Tool and Die Makers

1,740 4.2 28.75 59,800

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

1,380 0.7 21.13 43,950

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

920 3.4 21.74 45,220

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

500 4.5 (5) (5)

Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

290 1.5 14.44 30,030

Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners

80 1.3 23.18 48,200

Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

150 1.3 13.14 27,330

Prepress Technicians and Workers

160 0.8 18.85 39,200

Printing Press Operators

640 0.7 20.39 42,400

Print Binding and Finishing Workers

150 0.6 14.94 31,080

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

1,480 1.4 10.49 21,830

Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

90 0.3 9.01 18,740

Sewing Machine Operators

180 0.2 12.77 26,560

Upholsterers

(5) (5) 15.87 33,010

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

100 0.2 16.37 34,050

Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

60 0.2 12.14 25,240

Power Plant Operators

210 1.0 30.34 63,110

Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators

360 1.9 27.31 56,810

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

810 1.4 19.74 41,060

Gas Plant Operators

270 3.7 29.69 61,760

Plant and System Operators, All Other

130 2.1 25.68 53,420

Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

170 0.5 21.95 45,660

Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

250 1.1 17.35 36,090

Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

40 0.3 15.34 31,920

Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

50 0.3 16.92 35,200

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

490 0.8 17.02 35,400

Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

90 0.3 14.95 31,100

Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

110 1.1 19.12 39,770

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

3,820 1.5 20.17 41,950

Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

(5) (5) 18.43 38,330

Dental Laboratory Technicians

300 1.5 18.47 38,420

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

1,400 0.7 13.05 27,140

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

250 0.5 15.65 32,540

Painters, Transportation Equipment

200 0.8 29.70 61,770

Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

40 0.5 13.82 28,740

Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

120 0.6 9.50 19,760

Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders

110 1.3 11.83 24,600

Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic

90 0.5 15.30 31,820

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

430 0.9 12.57 26,150

Helpers--Production Workers

1,870 0.8 14.53 30,220

Production Workers, All Other

870 0.8 18.59 38,670

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Division, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19804.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 04, 2014