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14-886-CHI
June 04, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. MSA – May 2013

Workers in the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.88 in May 2013, about 2 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 3 of the 22 major occupational groups. Fifteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; food preparation and serving related; and healthcare practitioners and technical. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including construction and extraction; education, training, and library; and personal care and service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Cincinnati United States Cincinnati Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $21.88* -2

Management

4.9 5.4* 53.15 50.52* -5

Business and financial operations

5.0 5.5* 34.14 31.67* -7

Computer and mathematical

2.8 2.9 39.43 35.96* -9

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.9 38.51 35.97* -7

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.7* 33.37 30.70* -8

Community and social services

1.4 1.2* 21.50 20.52* -5

Legal

0.8 0.6* 47.89 42.16* -12

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.7* 24.76 26.47 7

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2* 26.72 22.01* -18

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 6.5* 35.93 34.38* -4

Healthcare support

3.0 3.3* 13.61 13.11* -4

Protective service

2.5 2.0* 20.92 20.10 -4

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 9.7* 10.38 9.89* -5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.8* 12.51 11.98* -4

Personal care and service

3.0 2.4* 11.88 11.40* -4

Sales and related

10.6 10.1* 18.37 19.29* 5

Office and administrative support

16.2 16.5 16.78 16.53* -1

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2)* 11.70 13.66* 17

Construction and extraction

3.8 3.1* 21.94 21.72 -1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.7 21.35 21.09 -1

Production

6.6 7.5* 16.79 17.22* 3

Transportation and material moving

6.8 7.2 16.28 15.64* -4

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Cincinnati is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Cincinnati-Middletown had 74,460 jobs in production, accounting for 7.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $17.22, measurably above the national wage of $16.79.

With employment of 6,500, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by machinists (5,190) and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders (5,140). Among the higher paying jobs were power distributors and dispatchers and gas plant operators, with mean hourly wages of $38.03 and $32.99, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.30) and pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.46). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/oes_17140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic were employed at 3.4 times the national rate in Cincinnati, and multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic, at 2.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, first-line supervisors of production and operating workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Cincinnati, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Ohio Department of Job & Family Services; the Kentucky Department of Workforce Invesment; and the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

Note: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area included 7,461 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Brown, Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties of Ohio; Boone, Bracken, Campbell, Gallatin, Grant, Kenton and Pendleton Counties of Kentucky; and Dearborn, Franklin, and Ohio Counties of Indiana.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Production Occupations

74,460 1.1 $17.22 $35,810

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

4,360 1.0 27.80 57,810

Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers

50 0.2 21.04 43,760

Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers

170 1.6 22.04 45,840

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers

1,210 0.8 14.97 31,130

Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers

550 1.5 15.88 33,020

Engine and Other Machine Assemblers

360 1.2 23.98 49,870

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

460 0.8 18.19 37,830

Team Assemblers

6,500 0.8 16.34 33,980

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

2,930 1.6 12.72 26,470

Bakers

1,190 1.0 13.55 28,170

Butchers and Meat Cutters

1,100 1.1 14.89 30,980

Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers

570 0.5 11.32 23,540

Slaughterers and Meat Packers

230 0.4 11.13 23,150

Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

70 0.5 16.09 33,470

Food Batchmakers

880 1.1 14.15 29,430

Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders

240 1.0 14.75 30,680

Food Processing Workers, All Other

270 0.8 12.36 25,700

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

1,650 1.6 17.41 36,210

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

150 0.8 23.87 49,650

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

490 0.9 17.34 36,060

Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5) (5) 17.48 36,360

Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

830 3.4 19.56 40,690

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1,580 1.1 15.11 31,420

Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

220 1.5 18.83 39,170

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

610 1.2 20.08 41,760

Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

430 1.4 19.64 40,840

Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

200 1.1 18.76 39,020

Machinists

5,190 1.8 20.36 42,350

Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

(5) (5) 17.08 35,520

Pourers and Casters, Metal

(5) (5) 16.62 34,560

Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

180 3.9 23.64 49,170

Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic

60 1.9 20.40 42,430

Foundry Mold and Coremakers

180 1.8 14.99 31,170

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1,530 1.6 16.13 33,560

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1,810 2.6 16.44 34,200

Tool and Die Makers

590 1.0 25.10 52,210

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

2,150 0.8 19.64 40,850

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

730 1.9 14.71 30,600

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

140 0.9 22.89 47,620

Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

350 1.3 13.76 28,610

Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners

90 1.0 17.22 35,820

Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

(5) (5) 18.09 37,630

Prepress Technicians and Workers

490 1.7 18.85 39,210

Printing Press Operators

2,370 1.9 18.49 38,460

Print Binding and Finishing Workers

630 1.6 15.70 32,660

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

1,240 0.8 10.30 21,430

Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

480 1.2 10.46 21,750

Sewing Machine Operators

840 0.8 12.79 26,610

Sewers, Hand

(5) (5) 12.34 25,670

Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers

90 0.6 13.45 27,970

Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers

130 0.9 16.68 34,690

Upholsterers

70 0.3 16.78 34,900

Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other

50 0.4 14.83 30,840

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

560 0.9 18.24 37,940

Furniture Finishers

50 0.5 16.00 33,280

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood

160 0.5 12.34 25,660

Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

290 0.6 12.47 25,950

Woodworkers, All Other

(5) (5) 13.90 28,920

Power Distributors and Dispatchers

(5) (5) 38.03 79,110

Power Plant Operators

400 1.3 30.68 63,800

Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators

280 1.0 25.30 52,610

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

500 0.6 20.18 41,970

Chemical Plant and System Operators

260 0.9 21.84 45,420

Gas Plant Operators

(5) (5) 32.99 68,630

Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers

130 0.4 25.20 52,420

Plant and System Operators, All Other

100 1.2 28.24 58,740

Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

510 1.1 22.93 47,690

Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

330 1.1 19.17 39,870

Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

90 0.4 15.69 32,640

Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

220 1.0 16.07 33,410

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1,380 1.6 18.13 37,720

Cutters and Trimmers, Hand

100 1.0 13.25 27,550

Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

410 0.9 16.42 34,150

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

370 0.7 18.02 37,480

Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

(5) (5) 16.69 34,710

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

4,390 1.2 18.49 38,460

Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

120 0.7 17.79 37,000

Dental Laboratory Technicians

220 0.8 19.92 41,430

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians

(5) (5) 14.33 29,800

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

5,140 1.8 14.72 30,610

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

890 1.4 15.89 33,060

Painters, Transportation Equipment

210 0.6 18.34 38,150

Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

40 0.3 11.78 24,510

Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

190 0.7 16.95 35,250

Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders

60 0.5 15.12 31,440

Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders

210 1.7 14.81 30,800

Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders

(5) (5) 16.29 33,880

Etchers and Engravers

60 0.9 14.17 29,470

Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic

230 0.9 14.50 30,170

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1,720 2.4 15.27 31,760

Tire Builders

60 0.4 14.77 30,730

Helpers--Production Workers

4,180 1.3 11.79 24,530

Production Workers, All Other

1,710 1.1 15.53 32,300

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_17140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 04, 2014