News Release Information

14-2073-CHI
November 12, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment – September 2014

Total nonfarm employment for the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 1,879,900 in September 2014, up 4,700 or 0.3 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During this same period, the national job count increased 2.0 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the increase in Detroit area employment followed a gain of 32,000 (1.7 percent) in the previous 12-month period ended in September 2013.  (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, September 2008-2014

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division, which accounted for 62 percent of the metropolitan area's employment, added 7,500 jobs from September a year ago, a gain of 0.7 percent. The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division, the area’s other employment center, experienced a decline of 2,800 jobs over the 12-month period, a 0.4 percent drop.  (See table 1.)

Industry employment

Professional and business services gained the largest number of jobs in the Detroit metropolitan area over the year, up 7,000 or 1.9 percent from last September. Both Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills (up 5,100 or 2.1 percent) and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn (up 1,900 or 1.6 percent) experienced annual increases in this supersector. Nationwide, professional and business services rose 3.8 percent over the previous year in September. (See chart 2 and table 1.)

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, September 2014

Employment in the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector increased by 4,400 from September 2013-September 2014, a 1.3-percent gain. The bulk of this increase occurred in the Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills area where employment grew by 3,800 (1.8 percent) over the year. Nationwide, employment in this supersector increased 1.9 percent.

Manufacturing,  the only other supersector in Detroit to record a measurable increase in employment, gained 2,500 jobs, up 1.1 percent in the year ended September 2014. The employment gain in this supersector was concentrated in the Warren division which added 6,000 jobs. Nationally, manufacturing payrolls rose 1.3 percent in the same period.

In the Detroit metropolitan area, financial activities experienced the largest employment decrease from September 2013-September 2014, down 5,300 or 5.2 percent. In contrast, employment in financial activities increased 1.2 percent nationally over the year.

Leisure and hospitality employment in Detroit fell by 3,300 or 1.8 percent from September a year ago. The Warren division shed 3,900 jobs in this supersector over the year. Nationally, leisure and hospitality posted a 2.6 percent rate of job growth from September 2013.

Government payrolls declined 3,100 or 1.7 percent compared to last September in the Detroit metropolitan area. The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn division was responsible for the loss with a decline of 3,200 jobs in government over the year. Nationwide, government payrolls were little changed over the year.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Detroit was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in September 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 5 exceeding the national average of 2.0 percent.. (See chart 3 and table 2.)   The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 4.3 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.2 percent. The slowest rate of expansion, 0.3 percent, was experienced in both Detroit and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island added the largest number of jobs from the previous September, up 130,500. Three other areas added more than 100,000 jobs over the year–Houston, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and Dallas. Five areas had employment increases ranging from 69,200 to 45,000. Detroit registered the smallest 12-month increase, up 4,700 during the period.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 5 of the 12 metropolitan areas—Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.  (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in three areas—Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Houston, and New York.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas–Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. The Boston, Houston, and Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach areas experienced no annual job loss in any supersector.

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, September 2014

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae.

Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.

Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates.  The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

  • The The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Wayne County in Michigan.
  • The The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Sept
2013
July
2014
Aug
2014
Sept
2014 (P)
Change from Sept
2013 to Sept 2014
Number Percent

United States

 

Total nonfarm

137,069 138,669 139,051 139,752 2,683 2.0

Mining and logging

886 931 935 939 53 6.0

Construction

6,081 6,316 6,350 6,316 235 3.9

Manufacturing

12,065 12,218 12,249 12,222 157 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,908 26,444 26,432 26,411 503 1.9

Information

2,665 2,689 2,697 2,685 20 0.8

Financial activities

7,897 8,031 8,031 7,993 96 1.2

Professional and business services

18,773 19,362 19,460 19,492 719 3.8

Education and health services

21,086 21,163 21,229 21,497 411 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,498 15,337 15,300 14,874 376 2.6

Other services

5,463 5,574 5,559 5,511 48 0.9

Government

21,747 20,604 20,809 21,812 65 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

1,875.2 1,865.1 1,866.8 1,879.9 4.7 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

61.6 64.5 65.6 66.7 5.1 8.3

Manufacturing

233.0 230.8 233.3 235.5 2.5 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

347.9 354.2 353.3 352.3 4.4 1.3

Information

26.8 27.4 27.5 27.2 0.4 1.5

Financial activities

102.1 98.1 98.1 96.8 -5.3 -5.2

Professional and business Services

362.0 359.3 365.8 369.0 7.0 1.9

Education and health services

296.1 297.4 294.0 294.4 -1.7 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

180.7 185.7 182.6 177.4 -3.3 -1.8

Other services

77.7 76.5 76.3 76.4 -1.3 -1.7

Government

187.3 171.2 170.3 184.2 -3.1 -1.7

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

721.4 708.2 711.0 718.6 -2.8 -0.4

Mining, logging, and construction

19.2 20.3 20.4 20.8 1.6 8.3

Manufacturing

83.6 79.2 80.6 80.1 -3.5 -4.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

136.5 137.6 137.3 137.1 0.6 0.4

Information

7.4 7.5 7.5 7.4 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

33.3 33.0 32.9 32.6 -0.7 -2.1

Professional and business services

120.4 116.7 120.1 122.3 1.9 1.6

Education and health services

128.8 127.8 128.0 129.0 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

73.6 75.8 74.9 74.2 0.6 0.8

Other services

30.6 30.3 30.3 30.3 -0.3 -1.0

Government

88.0 80.0 79.0 84.8 -3.2 -3.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

1,153.8 1,156.9 1,155.8 1,161.3 7.5 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

42.4 44.2 45.2 45.9 3.5 8.3

Manufacturing

149.4 151.6 152.7 155.4 6.0 4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

211.4 216.6 216.0 215.2 3.8 1.8

Information

19.4 19.9 20.0 19.8 0.4 2.1

Financial activities

68.8 65.1 65.2 64.2 -4.6 -6.7

Professional and business services

241.6 242.6 245.7 246.7 5.1 2.1

Education and health services

167.3 169.6 166.0 165.4 -1.9 -1.1

Leisure and hospitality

107.1 109.9 107.7 103.2 -3.9 -3.6

Other services

47.1 46.2 46.0 46.1 -1.0 -2.1

Government

99.3 91.2 91.3 99.4 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary
 

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Sept
2013
July
2014
Aug
2014
Sept
2014 (P)
Change from Sept
2013 to Sept 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,416.7 2,464.7 2,472.6 2,468.6 51.9 2.1

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

94.6 97.7 98.0 98.5 3.9 4.1

Manufacturing

149.6 153.7 154.3 154.2 4.6 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

536.3 551.0 550.2 550.7 14.4 2.7

Information

84.9 87.4 86.9 86.2 1.3 1.5

Financial activities

157.0 162.3 161.0 160.5 3.5 2.2

Professional and business services

439.5 458.2 457.8 452.7 13.2 3.0

Education and health services

295.4 291.8 295.9 298.1 2.7 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

247.9 264.4 261.0 256.5 8.6 3.5

Other services

93.7 92.2 93.1 91.4 -2.3 -2.5

Government

316.6 304.8 313.2 318.6 2.0 0.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,568.1 2,610.8 2,592.2 2,613.4 45.3 1.8

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

94.4 96.5 96.2 95.0 0.6 0.6

Manufacturing

193.4 195.2 195.1 193.9 0.5 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

408.2 418.9 405.5 416.2 8.0 2.0

Information

74.3 79.4 79.8 79.6 5.3 7.1

Financial activities

172.3 176.1 176.2 174.0 1.7 1.0

Professional and business services

437.2 450.9 451.3 448.5 11.3 2.6

Education and health services

536.5 543.8 541.4 549.1 12.6 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

251.0 265.0 266.8 254.6 3.6 1.4

Other services

98.5 104.7 103.9 99.6 1.1 1.1

Government

301.7 279.7 275.4 302.3 0.6 0.2

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,473.6 4,505.7 4,511.1 4,518.6 45.0 1.0

Mining and logging

1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.1 -6.7

Construction

159.7 167.0 167.7 166.1 6.4 4.0

Manufacturing

409.3 407.8 408.7 405.8 -3.5 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

897.1 903.0 903.7 909.2 12.1 1.3

Information

79.5 80.9 80.6 79.8 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

290.5 291.7 290.6 288.6 -1.9 -0.7

Professional and business services

780.1 794.5 799.1 800.0 19.9 2.6

Education and health services

678.3 673.7 675.3 680.8 2.5 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

436.1 449.0 451.2 439.9 3.8 0.9

Other services

191.9 194.5 193.5 193.4 1.5 0.8

Government

549.6 542.2 539.3 553.6 4.0 0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,118.9 3,202.8 3,214.3 3,219.1 100.2 3.2

Mining, logging, and construction

180.2 191.2 193.3 192.7 12.5 6.9

Manufacturing

258.5 258.6 258.5 255.9 -2.6 -1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

643.1 664.3 666.6 666.3 23.2 3.6

Information

79.3 80.5 79.7 79.3 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

255.8 256.3 258.5 257.0 1.2 0.5

Professional and business services

491.5 525.4 530.2 526.5 35.0 7.1

Education and health services

386.5 389.9 390.1 392.4 5.9 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

320.8 337.1 334.5 332.9 12.1 3.8

Other services

112.5 115.1 115.0 114.9 2.4 2.1

Government

390.7 384.4 387.9 401.2 10.5 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,875.2 1,865.1 1,866.8 1,879.9 4.7 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

61.6 64.5 65.6 66.7 5.1 8.3

Manufacturing

233.0 230.8 233.3 235.5 2.5 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

347.9 354.2 353.3 352.3 4.4 1.3

Information

26.8 27.4 27.5 27.2 0.4 1.5

Financial activities

102.1 98.1 98.1 96.8 -5.3 -5.2

Professional and business services

362.0 359.3 365.8 369.0 7.0 1.9

Education and health services

296.1 297.4 294.0 294.4 -1.7 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

180.7 185.7 182.6 177.4 -3.3 -1.8

Other services

77.7 76.5 76.3 76.4 -1.3 -1.7

Government

187.3 171.2 170.3 184.2 -3.1 -1.7

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,802.3 2,892.7 2,898.1 2,921.7 119.4 4.3

Mining and logging

108.3 116.4 117.6 118.1 9.8 9.0

Construction

189.6 195.7 201.4 203.1 13.5 7.1

Manufacturing

252.9 261.5 262.1 261.4 8.5 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

567.0 585.4 585.4 583.2 16.2 2.9

Information

32.4 33.3 33.2 33.0 0.6 1.9

Financial activities

144.1 146.5 147.5 146.7 2.6 1.8

Professional and business services

430.0 446.1 447.4 449.3 19.3 4.5

Education and health services

336.4 348.5 354.5 357.7 21.3 6.3

Leisure and hospitality

273.4 291.3 287.5 282.8 9.4 3.4

Other services

99.0 103.5 102.6 102.6 3.6 3.6

Government

369.2 364.5 358.9 383.8 14.6 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,577.1 5,622.8 5,639.1 5,679.1 102.0 1.8

Mining and logging

5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6 0.4 7.7

Construction

197.0 207.8 210.2 214.4 17.4 8.8

Manufacturing

525.6 511.0 510.1 508.6 -17.0 -3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,030.3 1,041.7 1,041.5 1,044.0 13.7 1.3

Information

226.5 229.0 236.5 235.8 9.3 4.1

Financial activities

323.4 321.2 322.4 321.3 -2.1 -0.6

Professional and business services

859.1 887.9 892.4 897.6 38.5 4.5

Education and health services

901.6 909.8 914.8 923.9 22.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

633.8 650.3 649.2 647.0 13.2 2.1

Other services

191.7 196.5 196.6 195.0 3.3 1.7

Government

682.9 662.1 659.8 685.9 3.0 0.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,346.3 2,379.5 2,402.7 2,415.5 69.2 2.9

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

96.7 101.0 102.9 104.6 7.9 8.2

Manufacturing

78.0 78.4 78.9 80.1 2.1 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

546.7 563.9 564.6 567.0 20.3 3.7

Information

46.1 46.5 46.7 46.7 0.6 1.3

Financial activities

165.8 169.3 168.8 169.1 3.3 2.0

Professional and business services

371.5 382.9 384.7 384.4 12.9 3.5

Education and health services

346.6 349.3 350.2 354.1 7.5 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

280.0 291.7 288.8 287.6 7.6 2.7

Other services

110.7 115.6 115.0 114.9 4.2 3.8

Government

303.6 280.3 301.5 306.4 2.8 0.9

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,710.1 8,873.8 8,839.9 8,840.6 130.5 1.5

Mining, logging, and constructionn

333.1 334.8 333.5 332.2 -0.9 -0.3

Manufacturing

357.6 354.3 356.6 356.0 -1.6 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,608.5 1,632.9 1,633.4 1,643.3 34.8 2.2

Information

277.8 275.4 276.5 271.7 -6.1 -2.2

Financial activities

738.5 747.8 747.8 741.7 3.2 0.4

Professional and business services

1,397.9 1,430.2 1,436.2 1,430.2 32.3 2.3

Education and health services

1,608.8 1,636.7 1,631.9 1,658.1 49.3 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

801.6 854.6 847.6 818.0 16.4 2.0

Other services

380.6 390.7 388.9 385.0 4.4 1.2

Government

1,205.7 1,216.4 1,187.5 1,204.4 -1.3 -0.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,751.8 2,763.9 2,752.2 2,765.8 14.0 0.5

Mining, logging, and construction

105.8 115.3 114.7 113.1 7.3 6.9

Manufacturing

180.0 179.8 179.3 179.5 -0.5 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

507.1 512.5 512.7 512.3 5.2 1.0

Information

47.0 46.2 46.2 45.9 -1.1 -2.3

Financial activities

202.8 206.4 206.5 204.4 1.6 0.8

Professional and business services

437.5 447.9 444.9 443.6 6.1 1.4

Education and health services

573.0 571.2 567.3 576.9 3.9 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

245.8 256.3 254.0 243.9 -1.9 -0.8

Other services

120.8 120.7 120.4 120.9 0.1 0.1

Government

332.0 307.6 306.2 325.3 -6.7 -2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,114.6 2,160.7 2,166.1 2,175.5 60.9 2.9

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

96.9 103.1 104.9 104.4 7.5 7.7

Manufacturing

117.4 118.5 118.1 118.3 0.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

345.0 352.2 351.7 353.7 8.7 2.5

Information

73.4 76.9 77.2 76.6 3.2 4.4

Financial activities

126.3 127.3 127.1 126.0 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

420.4 436.3 436.3 440.5 20.1 4.8

Education and health services

315.1 321.9 321.8 324.2 9.1 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

244.6 251.7 254.4 252.2 7.6 3.1

Other services

79.9 80.3 80.9 80.2 0.3 0.4

Government

294.3 291.3 292.5 298.2 3.9 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,080.4 3,108.0 3,081.6 3,091.1 10.7 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

149.2 150.5 151.8 150.7 1.5 1.0

Manufacturing

47.9 45.8 46.4 45.5 -2.4 -5.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

387.5 397.5 394.7 392.6 5.1 1.3

Information

75.6 74.0 73.5 73.1 -2.5 -3.3

Financial activities

151.1 156.8 156.7 156.2 5.1 3.4

Professional and business services

703.5 713.3 708.5 700.9 -2.6 -0.4

Education and health services

396.7 390.6 385.5 393.5 -3.2 -0.8

Leisure and hospitality

294.2 312.9 309.4 302.7 8.5 2.9

Other services

189.5 193.6 192.9 190.9 1.4 0.7

Government

685.2 673.0 662.2 685.0 -0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 12, 2014