Midwest Economy - Union Membership

Union membership of employed wage and salary workers in Midwest states, annual averages, 2014–2015 (numbers in thousands)
State 2014 2015 2014 to 2015 Membership
Total members (1) Percent of
employed
Total members (1) Percent of
employed
Net change Percent change

United States

14,576 11.1 14,795 11.1 219 1.5

Illinois

831 15.1 847 15.2 16 1.9

Indiana

299 10.7 283 10.0 -16 -5.4

Iowa

156 10.7 138 9.6 -18 -11.5

Michigan

585 14.5 621 15.2 36 6.2

Minnesota

360 14.2 363 14.2 3 0.8

Nebraska

64 7.3 68 7.7 4 6.3

North Dakota

18 5.0 19 5.4 1 5.6

Ohio

615 12.4 606 12.3 -9 -1.5

South Dakota

18 4.9 22 5.9 4 22.2

Wisconsin

306 11.7 223 8.3 -83 -27.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
 

Union representation of employed wage and salary workers in Midwest states, annual averages, 2014–2015 (numbers in thousands)
State 2014 2015 2014 to 2015 Represented
Represented (1) Percent of
employed
Represented (1) Percent of
employed
Net change Percent change

United States

16,152 12.3 16,441 12.3 289 1.8

Illinois

880 16.0 892 16.0 12 1.4

Indiana

335 12.0 319 11.3 -16 -4.8

Iowa

184 12.6 174 12.2 -10 -5.4

Michigan

631 15.7 672 16.5 41 6.5

Minnesota

380 15.0 385 15.0 5 1.3

Nebraska

79 9.0 80 9.0 1 1.3

North Dakota

24 6.9 24 6.8 0 0.0

Ohio

688 13.9 670 13.6 -18 -2.6

South Dakota

22 6.0 26 6.9 4 18.2

Wisconsin

327 12.5 253 9.4 -74 -22.6

Footnotes:
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union, as well as workers who are not members but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
 

Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 20142015 annual averages (numbers in thousands)
State 2014 2015
Total
employed
Members of unions (1) Represented by
unions (2)
Total
employed
Back
data
Members of unions (1) Represented by
unions (2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Back
data
Percent
of
employed
Back
data
Total Back
data
Percent
of
employed
Back
data

United States

131,431 14,576 11.1 16,152 12.3 133,743
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14,795
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11.1
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16,441
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12.3
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Alabama

1,887 204 10.8 228 12.1 1,863
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190
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10.2
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204
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11.0
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Alaska

307 70 22.8 75 24.4 304
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60
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19.6
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66
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21.7
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Arizona

2,593 138 5.3 173 6.7 2,661
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138
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5.2
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163
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6.1
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Arkansas

1,108 52 4.7 60 5.4 1,155
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58
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5.1
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74
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6.4
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California

15,135 2,472 16.3 2,652 17.5 15,657
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2,486
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15.9
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2,689
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17.2
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Colorado

2,328 221 9.5 250 10.7 2,310
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194
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8.4
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215
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9.3
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Connecticut

1,564 231 14.8 245 15.7 1,587
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269
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17.0
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277
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17.4
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Delaware

384 38 9.9 43 11.3 412
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38
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9.2
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43
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10.4
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District of Columbia

325 28 8.6 35 10.7 334
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35
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10.4
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40
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12.1
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Florida

8,042 455 5.7 561 7.0 7,994
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546
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6.8
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671
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8.4
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Georgia

3,926 170 4.3 193 4.9 4,016
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162
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4.0
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206
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5.1
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Hawaii

572 124 21.8 131 22.9 583
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119
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20.4
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126
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21.7
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Idaho

641 34 5.3 43 6.7 679
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46
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6.8
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50
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7.3
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Illinois

5,500 831 15.1 880 16.0 5,566
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847
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15.2
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892
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16.0
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Indiana

2,802 299 10.7 335 12.0 2,828
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283
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10.0
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319
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11.3
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Iowa

1,459 156 10.7 184 12.6 1,435
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138
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9.6
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174
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12.2
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Kansas

1,287 95 7.4 116 9.0 1,255
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110
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8.7
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136
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10.8
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Kentucky

1,714 189 11.0 219 12.8 1,705
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187
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11.0
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207
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12.1
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Louisiana

1,834 96 5.2 118 6.4 1,847
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107
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5.8
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126
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6.8
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Maine

566 62 11.0 71 12.5 549
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64
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11.6
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75
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13.6
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Maryland

2,612 310 11.9 347 13.3 2,757
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287
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10.4
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337
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12.2
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Massachusetts

3,036 415 13.7 445 14.7 3,103
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402
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12.9
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441
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14.2
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Michigan

4,028 585 14.5 631 15.7 4,083
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621
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15.2
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672
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16.5
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Minnesota

2,538 360 14.2 380 15.0 2,565
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363
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14.2
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385
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15.0
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Mississippi

1,028 38 3.7 46 4.5 1,103
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60
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5.4
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75
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6.8
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Missouri

2,559 214 8.4 249 9.7 2,615
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230
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8.8
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257
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9.8
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Montana

414 52 12.7 57 13.8 427
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52
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12.2
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59
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13.9
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Nebraska

877 64 7.3 79 9.0 882
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68
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7.7
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80
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9.0
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Nevada

1,173 169 14.4 192 16.4 1,232
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177
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14.3
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203
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16.5
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New Hampshire

626 62 9.9 72 11.5 641
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62
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9.7
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73
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11.4
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New Jersey

3,860 635 16.5 664 17.2 3,880
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596
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15.4
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644
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16.6
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New Mexico

763 43 5.7 56 7.4 782
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49
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6.2
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61
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7.9
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New York

8,060 1,980 24.6 2,081 25.8 8,249
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2,038
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24.7
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2,141
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26.0
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North Carolina

3,936 76 1.9 126 3.2 4,089
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123
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3.0
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167
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4.1
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North Dakota

353 18 5.0 24 6.9 352
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19
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5.4
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24
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6.8
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Ohio

4,958 615 12.4 688 13.9 4,914
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606
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12.3
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670
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13.6
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Oklahoma

1,465 89 6.0 106 7.2 1,567
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88
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5.6
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116
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7.4
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Oregon

1,554 243 15.6 264 17.0 1,586
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235
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14.8
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256
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16.2
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Pennsylvania

5,525 703 12.7 754 13.7 5,601
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747
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13.3
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804
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14.4
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Rhode Island

453 68 15.1 72 15.8 483
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68
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14.2
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72
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14.9
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South Carolina

1,884 41 2.2 61 3.2 1,960
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41
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2.1
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57
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2.9
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South Dakota

363 18 4.9 22 6.0 382
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22
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5.9
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26
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6.9
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Tennessee

2,514 127 5.0 141 5.6 2,693
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146
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5.4
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175
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6.5
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Texas

11,205 543 4.8 700 6.2 11,177
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503
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4.5
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626
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5.6
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Utah

1,236 46 3.7 57 4.6 1,274
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50
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3.9
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67
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5.2
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Vermont

286 32 11.1 37 13.1 284
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36
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12.6
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42
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14.7
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Virginia

3,665 179 4.9 228 6.2 3,736
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202
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5.4
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258
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6.9
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Washington

2,914 491 16.8 536 18.4 2,977
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500
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16.8
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536
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18.0
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West Virginia

687 73 10.6 80 11.6 665
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83
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12.4
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91
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13.7
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Wisconsin

2,626 306 11.7 327 12.5 2,682
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223
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8.3
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253
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9.4
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Wyoming

255 17 6.7 19 7.5 261
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19
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7.1
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22
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8.2
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Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
 

Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
Source: Current Population Survey
The current population survey is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics.