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Tuesday, June 16, 2015


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Baltimore-Towson – May 2014

Workers in the Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $25.22 in May 2014, 11 percent above the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 12 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical; education, training, and library; and management. Two groups—legal and construction and extraction—had wages that were measurably lower than their respective national averages. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational group Employment share (percent of total) Average (mean) hourly wage
United States Baltimore-Towson Significant difference (1) United States Baltimore-Towson Significant difference (1) Percent difference (2)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0%   $22.71 $25.22 Yes 11


5.0 5.3 Yes 54.08 58.42 Yes 8

Business and financial operations

5.1 6.5 Yes 34.81 36.76 Yes 6

Computer and mathematical

2.8 4.4 Yes 40.37 45.77 Yes 13

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.1 Yes 39.19 41.99 Yes 7

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 1.2 Yes 33.69 34.59 No 3

Community and social service

1.4 1.7 Yes 21.79 22.38 No 3


0.8 1.1 Yes 48.61 39.81 Yes -18

Education, training, and library

6.2 6.5 No 25.10 29.97 Yes 19

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2 No 26.82 26.38 No -2

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8 6.6 No 36.54 37.08 No 1

Healthcare support

2.9 2.8 No 13.86 15.14 Yes 9

Protective service

2.4 3.2 Yes 21.14 21.00 No -1

Food preparation and serving related

9.1 8.1 Yes 10.57 10.85 Yes 3

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.1 No 12.68 12.90 No 2

Personal care and service

3.1 3.0 No 12.01 12.72 Yes 6

Sales and related

10.5 10.1 Yes 18.59 18.43 No -1

Office and administrative support

16.0 16.1 No 17.08 18.35 Yes 7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.0 Yes 12.09 15.64 Yes 29

Construction and extraction

3.9 4.1 No 22.40 21.88 Yes -2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.5 Yes 21.74 22.59 Yes 4


6.6 3.3 Yes 17.06 18.24 Yes 7

Transportation and material moving

6.8 6.1 Yes 16.57 17.31 No 4

(1) Statistical significance testing at the 90-percent confidence level.
(2) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Baltimore is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Baltimore employment shares were significantly higher in 8 of the 22 occupational groups including computer and mathematical, business and financial operations, and protective service. Conversely, six groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included production, food preparation and serving related, and transportation and material moving.

One occupational group—business and financial operations—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Baltimore had 83,630 jobs in business and financial operations, accounting for 6.5 percent of local area employment, significantly above the national share of 5.1 percent. The average hourly wage for this occupational group was $36.76, which was significantly above the national average of $34.81.

With employment of 13,450, accountants and auditors was the largest occupation within the business and financial operations group in the Baltimore area. Among the higher paying jobs were personal financial advisors and management analysts, with mean hourly wages of $50.38 and $48.37, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were tax preparers ($18.65) and fundraisers ($23.79). (Detailed occupational data for the business and financial operations group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Baltimore metropolitan area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the detailed occupations within the business and financial operations group. For instance, management analysts were employed at one-and-a-half times the national rate in Baltimore, and budget analysts, at more than twice the U.S. average. On the other hand, market research analysts and marketing specialists had a location quotient of 1.0 in Baltimore, meaning the local employment share in this particular occupation was similar to the national average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation.


OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments, one panel in May and the other in November. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on employment. The sample in the Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area included 6,314 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Baltimore-Towson, Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1) Employment (2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Business and financial operations occupations

83,630 1.3 $36.76 $76,450

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

40 0.3 36.40 75,710

Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products

130 1.2 27.52 57,240

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

940 0.9 27.19 56,560

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

2,800 1.0 34.69 72,150

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

4,220 1.7 33.51 69,700

Insurance appraisers, auto damage

140 1.1 32.39 67,370

Compliance officers

3,830 1.6 33.03 68,710

Cost estimators

2,610 1.3 34.07 70,870

Human resources specialists

5,440 1.2 33.19 69,030

Labor relations specialists

770 1.0 26.66 55,450


2,290 1.9 41.07 85,410

Management analysts

8,620 1.5 48.37 100,610

Meeting, convention, and event planners

1,100 1.5 25.85 53,770


840 1.6 23.79 49,490

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

950 1.2 30.71 63,890

Training and development specialists

3,700 1.6 30.03 62,450

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

4,610 1.0 31.36 65,220

Business operations specialists, all other

11,420 1.3 38.62 80,320

Accountants and auditors

13,450 1.2 36.86 76,670

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

830 1.4 24.27 50,480

Budget analysts

1,210 2.2 37.75 78,510

Credit analysts

600 0.9 38.84 72,460

Financial analysts

3,400 1.4 42.89 89,200

Personal financial advisors

3,220 1.7 50.38 104,780

Insurance underwriters

670 0.8 34.81 72,400

Financial examiners

220 0.6 41.33 85,980

Credit counselors

210 0.8 21.14 43,980

Loan officers

2,470 0.9 37.13 77,220

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

450 0.7 27.52 57,250

Tax preparers

370 0.6 18.65 38,800

Financial specialists, all other

2,100 1.6 29.06 60,450

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Baltimore-Towson MSA, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, June 16, 2015