News Release Information

15-2348-PHI
Monday, December 07, 2015

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Washington Area Employment – October 2015

Local Rate of Employment Growth was Close to the National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,206,000 in October 2015, up 67,100, or 2.1 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.9 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the Washington area’s October increase was its 20th consecutive over-the-year employment gain. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year net change in the Washington metropolitan area and its divisions, October 2010-October 2015

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions¾separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division, with 81 percent of the area’s employment, gained 50,800 jobs over the year, representing 76 percent of the employment gain. The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 19 percent of area employment, added 16,300 jobs since October 2014.

Industry employment

In the greater Washington metropolitan area, professional and business services recorded the largest employment gain from October 2014 to October 2015, adding 25,100 jobs. The Washington area’s 3.5-percent growth in professional and business services employment was similar to the nationwide increase of 3.3 percent. All of the local job gains in this industry were centered in the Washington division. (See chart 2.)

One other supersector in Washington added more than 10,000 jobs since last October—education and health services (12,300). The 3.0-percent local rate of employment growth in this supersector was similar to the 2.8-percent national growth rate.

Four supersectors gained between 5,000 and 10,000 jobs: government (9,600); trade, transportation, and utilities (7,700); leisure and hospitality (5,400); and mining, logging, and construction (5,200). Local employment growth in government (1.4 percent) was nearly triple the national growth rate, while growth for trade, transportation, and utilities matched the national average (1.9 percent). The 1.8-percent growth rate for leisure and hospitality in the Washington area lagged the 3.0-percent U.S. average.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Washington metropolitan area, October 2015

Twelve largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2015. All 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 7 areas exceeding the U.S. average of 1.9 percent. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell had the fastest rate of job growth, 3.5 percent, followed by San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (3.4 percent), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (3.0 percent). The slowest rates of job growth were in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington at 1.1 percent each. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, October 2015

New York-Newark-Jersey City added the largest number of jobs, 157,100, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (126,300) and Dallas (98,400). Philadelphia recorded the smallest employment gain (31,600), followed by Houston (33,100).

Professional and business services had the largest over-the-year employment gains in 7 of the 12 metropolitan areas—Atlanta, Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Chicago, Dallas, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, San Francisco, and Washington. Education and health services added the most jobs in three areas—Los Angeles, New York, and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.

Manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in Boston, Chicago, Houston, and Philadelphia. Four areas—Atlanta, New York, Phoenix, and Washington—recorded no over-the-year job losses greater than 1,000 jobs in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for November 2015 are scheduled to be released on Friday, December 18, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

  • The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.
  • The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Oct
2014
Aug
2015
Sep
2015
Oct
2015(P)
Oct 2014 to
Oct 2015
Net
change(P)
Percent
change(P)

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

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3,138.9 3,164.3 3,176.9 3,206.0 67.1 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

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150.9 154.1 155.4 156.1 5.2 3.4

Manufacturing

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50.1 49.5 49.1 49.5 -0.6 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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398.0 403.2 400.4 405.7 7.7 1.9

Information

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76.0 75.9 76.2 75.1 -0.9 -1.2

Financial activities

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151.4 151.4 150.8 152.8 1.4 0.9

Professional and business services

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708.2 729.9 723.8 733.3 25.1 3.5

Education and health services

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413.3 414.7 420.9 425.6 12.3 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

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300.8 315.8 306.0 306.2 5.4 1.8

Other services

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194.6 197.8 197.4 196.5 1.9 1.0

Government

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695.6 672.0 696.9 705.2 9.6 1.4
 

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

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2,561.1 2,573.8 2,587.2 2,611.9 50.8 2.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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117.9 119.6 119.7 119.2 1.3 1.1

Manufacturing

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33.7 32.6 32.3 32.6 -1.1 -3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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320.8 324.1 322.9 327.3 6.5 2.0

Information

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62.6 62.1 62.6 61.5 -1.1 -1.8

Financial activities

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113.5 113.0 113.1 114.7 1.2 1.1

Professional and business services

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584.6 607.8 602.0 610.7 26.1 4.5

Education and health services

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328.9 326.3 332.3 336.1 7.2 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

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249.6 259.0 252.3 253.3 3.7 1.5

Other services

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162.7 165.3 165.0 164.3 1.6 1.0

Government

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586.8 564.0 585.0 592.2 5.4 0.9
 

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

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577.8 590.5 589.7 594.1 16.3 2.8

Mining, logging, and construction

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33.0 34.5 35.7 36.9 3.9 11.8

Manufacturing

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16.4 16.9 16.8 16.9 0.5 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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77.2 79.1 77.5 78.4 1.2 1.6

Information

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13.4 13.8 13.6 13.6 0.2 1.5

Financial activities

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37.9 38.4 37.7 38.1 0.2 0.5

Professional and business services

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123.6 122.1 121.8 122.6 -1.0 -0.8

Education and health services

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84.4 88.4 88.6 89.5 5.1 6.0

Leisure and hospitality

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51.2 56.8 53.7 52.9 1.7 3.3

Other services

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31.9 32.5 32.4 32.2 0.3 0.9

Government

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108.8 108.0 111.9 113.0 4.2 3.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area
Return to Mid-Atlantic Information Office Homepage menu

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Oct
2014
Aug
2015
Sep
2015
Oct
2015(P)
Oct 2014 to
Oct 2015
Net
change(P)
Percent
change(P)

United States

 

Total nonfarm

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141,000 142,062 142,604 143,784 2,784 2.0

Mining and logging

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920 831 816 808 -112 -12.2

Construction

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6,437 6,683 6,627 6,662 225 3.5

Manufacturing

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12,281 12,416 12,370 12,347 66 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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26,629 26,955 26,883 27,119 490 1.8

Information

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2,753 2,808 2,796 2,806 53 1.9

Financial activities

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8,025 8,216 8,163 8,176 151 1.9

Professional and business services

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19,463 19,965 19,919 20,131 668 3.4

Education and health services

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21,816 21,793 22,102 22,468 652 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

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14,813 15,836 15,422 15,264 451 3.0

Other services

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5,592 5,677 5,631 5,655 63 1.1

Government

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22,271 20,882 21,875 22,348 77 0.3
 

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,539.9 2,595.7 2,595.6 2,628.0 88.1 3.5

Mining and logging

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1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

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106.0 110.6 109.5 109.2 3.2 3.0

Manufacturing

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152.7 155.9 156.9 158.8 6.1 4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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563.9 572.1 571.5 582.3 18.4 3.3

Information

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87.7 87.9 87.6 88.0 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

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161.6 165.1 164.8 166.3 4.7 2.9

Professional and business services

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471.7 490.6 490.4 497.2 25.5 5.4

Education and health services

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312.1 317.8 318.6 321.7 9.6 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

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261.7 275.4 270.7 273.9 12.2 4.7

Other services

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94.9 94.6 93.2 94.4 -0.5 -0.5

Government

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326.2 324.3 331.1 334.8 8.6 2.6
 

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)

 

Total nonfarm

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2,621.2 2,646.7 2,647.9 2,672.0 50.8 1.9

Mining, logging, and construction

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100.4 105.7 103.6 105.3 4.9 4.9

Manufacturing

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191.4 191.8 190.1 190.2 -1.2 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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414.0 416.2 412.5 416.1 2.1 0.5

Information

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75.5 77.6 77.6 77.1 1.6 2.1

Financial activities

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173.1 178.5 176.8 177.8 4.7 2.7

Professional and business services

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448.4 463.3 459.5 465.0 16.6 3.7

Education and health services

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547.0 543.7 550.4 560.2 13.2 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

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253.4 271.7 259.9 256.9 3.5 1.4

Other services

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101.0 107.2 102.1 102.8 1.8 1.8

Government

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317.0 291.0 315.4 320.6 3.6 1.1
 

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

 

Total nonfarm

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4,559.6 4,579.7 4,580.0 4,611.3 51.7 1.1

Mining and logging

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1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 -0.1 -6.3

Construction

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168.7 172.9 170.8 173.0 4.3 2.5

Manufacturing

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408.7 406.6 406.6 406.4 -2.3 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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917.1 922.4 917.8 922.9 5.8 0.6

Information

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80.6 79.7 79.8 80.4 -0.2 -0.2

Financial activities

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289.8 290.7 288.0 287.8 -2.0 -0.7

Professional and business services

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808.6 824.6 826.1 826.7 18.1 2.2

Education and health services

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694.2 688.4 695.4 709.0 14.8 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

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438.6 458.8 446.4 444.8 6.2 1.4

Other services

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194.1 196.3 194.9 196.5 2.4 1.2

Government

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557.6 537.8 552.7 562.3 4.7 0.8
 

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas

 

Total nonfarm

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3,324.7 3,390.9 3,397.3 3,423.1 98.4 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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199.4 195.0 193.1 192.1 -7.3 -3.7

Manufacturing

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263.2 258.5 258.3 257.3 -5.9 -2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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695.9 709.9 712.7 720.7 24.8 3.6

Information

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81.1 81.9 81.7 81.5 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

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270.4 276.0 275.4 276.9 6.5 2.4

Professional and business services

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548.3 569.6 568.6 576.1 27.8 5.1

Education and health services

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408.1 425.1 425.9 430.2 22.1 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

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333.6 360.5 355.8 356.8 23.2 7.0

Other services

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116.5 121.9 120.8 119.6 3.1 2.7

Government

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408.2 392.5 405.0 411.9 3.7 0.9
 

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas

 

Total nonfarm

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2,967.5 2,977.0 2,979.8 3,000.6 33.1 1.1

Mining and logging

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113.1 111.3 111.2 109.8 -3.3 -2.9

Construction

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210.4 204.6 205.3 214.6 4.2 2.0

Manufacturing

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257.9 246.4 244.4 241.5 -16.4 -6.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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603.3 609.2 605.1 605.7 2.4 0.4

Information

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32.5 34.5 34.6 34.0 1.5 4.6

Financial activities

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149.6 144.4 143.8 144.9 -4.7 -3.1

Professional and business services

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469.1 480.3 473.5 472.8 3.7 0.8

Education and health services

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359.6 365.8 371.2 374.3 14.7 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

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285.1 311.7 303.8 306.3 21.2 7.4

Other services

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105.0 106.3 103.8 105.0 0.0 0.0

Government

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381.9 362.5 383.1 391.7 9.8 2.6
 

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.

 

Total nonfarm

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5,798.8 5,826.0 5,873.4 5,925.1 126.3 2.2

Mining and logging

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5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 -0.2 -3.7

Construction

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206.9 220.4 219.9 222.1 15.2 7.3

Manufacturing

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524.1 524.3 526.0 522.8 -1.3 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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1,070.3 1,078.6 1,081.7 1,087.1 16.8 1.6

Information

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225.2 219.1 220.5 221.8 -3.4 -1.5

Financial activities

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324.4 327.2 324.6 325.4 1.0 0.3

Professional and business services

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898.5 907.7 906.6 918.1 19.6 2.2

Education and health services

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956.2 959.9 979.2 988.3 32.1 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

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664.5 693.3 688.8 690.6 26.1 3.9

Other services

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203.0 206.7 207.5 206.9 3.9 1.9

Government

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720.3 683.6 713.4 736.8 16.5 2.3
 

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Fla.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,454.9 2,477.9 2,483.2 2,507.6 52.7 2.1

Mining and logging

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0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

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106.9 108.9 108.6 109.4 2.5 2.3

Manufacturing

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81.8 80.4 80.8 80.5 -1.3 -1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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569.4 573.3 572.4 577.2 7.8 1.4

Information

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48.0 48.2 47.9 48.4 0.4 0.8

Financial activities

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171.8 173.7 173.6 176.4 4.6 2.7

Professional and business services

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395.3 407.5 409.6 415.1 19.8 5.0

Education and health services

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362.7 365.3 366.9 370.0 7.3 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

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295.0 303.1 302.9 305.5 10.5 3.6

Other services

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118.3 119.9 119.4 120.9 2.6 2.2

Government

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305.1 297.0 300.5 303.6 -1.5 -0.5
 

New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.

 

Total nonfarm

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9,245.8 9,291.6 9,289.5 9,402.9 157.1 1.7

Mining, logging, and construction

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361.3 378.4 376.1 378.3 17.0 4.7

Manufacturing

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369.8 369.0 366.4 369.6 -0.2 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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1,709.9 1,705.8 1,712.6 1,725.9 16.0 0.9

Information

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283.5 283.0 280.8 284.7 1.2 0.4

Financial activities

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755.2 766.1 761.4 762.7 7.5 1.0

Professional and business services

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1,453.5 1,467.3 1,454.2 1,467.9 14.4 1.0

Education and health services

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1,753.1 1,732.9 1,768.5 1,812.0 58.9 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

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849.2 916.8 887.4 875.2 26.0 3.1

Other services

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407.3 424.3 417.6 418.3 11.0 2.7

Government

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1,303.0 1,248.0 1,264.5 1,308.3 5.3 0.4
 

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,816.5 2,794.6 2,817.8 2,848.1 31.6 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

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108.6 119.4 117.8 118.0 9.4 8.7

Manufacturing

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179.9 177.3 177.6 176.7 -3.2 -1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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516.8 519.9 520.0 525.7 8.9 1.7

Information

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45.9 45.3 45.2 45.1 -0.8 -1.7

Financial activities

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203.5 208.7 207.2 207.6 4.1 2.0

Professional and business services

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454.2 446.9 447.8 452.2 -2.0 -0.4

Education and health services

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599.9 584.8 596.3 608.5 8.6 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

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248.5 265.4 255.8 253.8 5.3 2.1

Other services

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119.0 120.1 119.5 120.2 1.2 1.0

Government

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340.2 306.8 330.6 340.3 0.1 0.0
 

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.

 

Total nonfarm

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1,883.7 1,888.0 1,906.2 1,932.0 48.3 2.6

Mining and logging

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3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 -0.1 -2.9

Construction

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96.8 101.9 102.6 102.8 6.0 6.2

Manufacturing

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118.1 118.1 117.0 117.4 -0.7 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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368.0 370.2 369.6 376.3 8.3 2.3

Information

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34.5 35.2 34.9 35.4 0.9 2.6

Financial activities

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164.1 167.7 168.0 169.8 5.7 3.5

Professional and business services

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314.4 318.3 318.7 323.2 8.8 2.8

Education and health services

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274.5 280.2 279.0 283.5 9.0 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

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200.7 201.6 203.9 207.7 7.0 3.5

Other services

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65.7 66.8 67.3 68.2 2.5 3.8

Government

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243.5 224.6 241.8 244.4 0.9 0.4
 

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,217.7 2,268.5 2,271.2 2,292.0 74.3 3.4

Mining and logging

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0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 -0.1 -11.1

Construction

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104.3 110.3 108.5 110.4 6.1 5.8

Manufacturing

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122.5 124.8 124.3 124.2 1.7 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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359.9 362.5 364.0 367.8 7.9 2.2

Information

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79.2 82.7 82.6 82.7 3.5 4.4

Financial activities

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129.2 128.1 127.6 127.4 -1.8 -1.4

Professional and business services

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451.2 482.6 479.9 482.9 31.7 7.0

Education and health services

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328.7 325.4 331.6 336.0 7.3 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

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253.7 266.5 262.9 263.5 9.8 3.9

Other services

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83.9 85.7 86.1 87.9 4.0 4.8

Government

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304.2 299.1 302.9 308.4 4.2 1.4
 

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.

 

Total nonfarm

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3,138.9 3,164.3 3,176.9 3,206.0 67.1 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

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150.9 154.1 155.4 156.1 5.2 3.4

Manufacturing

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50.1 49.5 49.1 49.5 -0.6 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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398.0 403.2 400.4 405.7 7.7 1.9

Information

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76.0 75.9 76.2 75.1 -0.9 -1.2

Financial activities

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151.4 151.4 150.8 152.8 1.4 0.9

Professional and business services

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708.2 729.9 723.8 733.3 25.1 3.5

Education and health services

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413.3 414.7 420.9 425.6 12.3 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

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300.8 315.8 306.0 306.2 5.4 1.8

Other services

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194.6 197.8 197.4 196.5 1.9 1.0

Government

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695.6 672.0 696.9 705.2 9.6 1.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area
Return to Mid-Atlantic Information Office Homepage

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, December 07, 2015