News Release Information

16-1821-PHI
Thursday, September 08, 2016

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Washington Area Employment – July 2016

Area’s Rate of Employment Growth was Above the National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,279,700 in July 2016, up 94,800, or 3.0 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.7 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the Washington area’s July increase was its 28th consecutive over-the-year employment gain. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division, with 82 percent of the area’s employment, gained 76,800 jobs over the year. The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 18 percent of area employment, added 18,000 jobs since July 2015.

Industry employment

In the greater Washington metropolitan area, government recorded the largest employment gain from July 2015 to July 2016, adding 26,600 jobs.The Washington area’s 3.9-percent growth in government employment exceeded the nationwide increase of 0.8 percent. Local job gains in this industry were centered in the Washington division. (See chart 2.)

Two other supersectors added at least 16,000 jobs over the year: professional and business services (19,100) and education and health services (16,300). Education and health services’ local rate of employment growth (4.0 percent) was faster than the national average of 2.8 percent. Professional and business services’ rate of employment growth in the Washington area matched the national rate of 2.6 percent.

The information supersector in the Washington area lost 1,400 jobs from July 2015 to July 2016. This industry gained jobs nationwide over the year.

Twelve largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2016. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with 10 exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.2 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (0.4 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (1.3 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 199,700, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (116,800) and Dallas (109,900). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 13,300 jobs, followed by Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, which added 54,000 jobs.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in Boston, Los Angeles, New York and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale. Professional and business services’ employment gained the most jobs in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.

Manufacturing lost the most jobs over-the-year in Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, and Pheonix. New York was the only area to have no annual job loss in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for August 2016 are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 20, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated February 28, 2013. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

  • The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.
  • The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Jul
2015
May
2016
Jun
2016
Jul
2016(P)
Jul 2015 to
Jul 2016(P)
Net
change
Percent
change

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

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3,184.9 3,245.8 3,274.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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154.7 158.4 161.9 161.6 6.9 4.5

Manufacturing

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53.0 53.2 53.7 54.3 1.3 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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404.6 413.4 417.5 415.6 11.0 2.7

Information

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77.5 73.0 75.5 76.1 -1.4 -1.8

Financial activities

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155.5 153.7 154.4 155.8 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

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729.2 739.7 745.6 748.3 19.1 2.6

Education and health services

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404.8 420.4 420.5 421.1 16.3 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

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325.6 326.6 338.2 337.1 11.5 3.5

Other services

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200.2 200.0 201.6 203.4 3.2 1.6

Government

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679.8 707.4 706.0 706.4 26.6 3.9
 

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

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2,597.8 2,650.5 2,672.3 2,674.6 76.8 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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120.4 122.5 125.8 125.0 4.6 3.8

Manufacturing

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36.1 35.9 36.3 36.9 0.8 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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326.1 334.5 337.2 336.7 10.6 3.3

Information

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63.2 60.4 61.4 61.9 -1.3 -2.1

Financial activities

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116.3 114.7 115.1 116.4 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

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602.1 614.7 619.5 620.8 18.7 3.1

Education and health services

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318.8 332.6 332.6 331.2 12.4 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

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268.4 270.1 278.7 277.1 8.7 3.2

Other services

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167.7 167.8 169.2 170.9 3.2 1.9

Government

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578.7 597.3 596.5 597.7 19.0 3.3
 

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

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587.1 595.3 602.6 605.1 18.0 3.1

Mining, logging, and construction

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34.3 35.9 36.1 36.6 2.3 6.7

Manufacturing

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16.9 17.3 17.4 17.4 0.5 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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78.5 78.9 80.3 78.9 0.4 0.5

Information

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14.3 12.6 14.1 14.2 -0.1 -0.7

Financial activities

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39.2 39.0 39.3 39.4 0.2 0.5

Professional and business services

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127.1 125.0 126.1 127.5 0.4 0.3

Education and health services

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86.0 87.8 87.9 89.9 3.9 4.5

Leisure and hospitality

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57.2 56.5 59.5 60.0 2.8 4.9

Other services

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32.5 32.2 32.4 32.5 0.0 0.0

Government

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101.1 110.1 109.5 108.7 7.6 7.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary
 

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

Return to Mid-Atlantic Information Office Homepage menu
 

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Jul
2015
May
2016
Jun
2016(P)
Jul
2016(P)
Jul 2015 to
Jul 2016(P)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

 

Total nonfarm

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141,774 144,555 145,215 144,185 2,411 1.7

Mining and logging

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825 689 689 691 -134 -16.2

Construction

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6,703 6,698 6,846 6,912 209 3.1

Manufacturing

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12,407 12,253 12,374 12,379 -28 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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26,969 27,216 27,369 27,355 386 1.4

Information

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2,767 2,740 2,797 2,798 31 1.1

Financial activities

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8,210 8,250 8,338 8,377 167 2.0

Professional and business services

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19,837 20,138 20,341 20,357 520 2.6

Education and health services

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21,750 22,696 22,487 22,367 617 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

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15,844 15,716 16,176 16,269 425 2.7

Other services

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5,702 5,703 5,760 5,757 55 1.0

Government

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20,760 22,456 22,038 20,923 163 0.8
 

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,581.4 2,664.1 2,656.7 2,656.2 74.8 2.9

Mining and logging

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1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

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109.0 115.1 116.1 116.8 7.8 7.2

Manufacturing

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157.7 160.8 162.4 163.3 5.6 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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577.8 595.1 593.7 595.5 17.7 3.1

Information

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94.5 87.9 88.3 88.8 -5.7 -6.0

Financial activities

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163.0 164.6 165.0 166.3 3.3 2.0

Professional and business services

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480.3 496.1 495.5 497.5 17.2 3.6

Education and health services

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314.8 328.0 321.9 325.0 10.2 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

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276.0 290.7 292.6 291.5 15.5 5.6

Other services

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98.2 97.2 97.1 97.0 -1.2 -1.2

Government

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308.7 327.1 322.7 313.1 4.4 1.4
 

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)

 

Total nonfarm

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2,667.9 2,699.1 2,732.5 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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109.3 112.7 117.5 119.9 10.6 9.7

Manufacturing

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193.2 188.7 190.9 190.8 -2.4 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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418.1 421.8 426.3 424.4 6.3 1.5

Information

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78.9 74.8 78.8 79.6 0.7 0.9

Financial activities

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185.5 185.7 188.9 191.3 5.8 3.1

Professional and business services

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465.6 462.5 471.9 474.0 8.4 1.8

Education and health services

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549.5 569.9 565.6 565.0 15.5 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

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272.1 263.3 274.5 281.4 9.3 3.4

Other services

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105.6 104.0 106.1 106.7 1.1 1.0

Government

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290.1 315.7 312.0 288.8 -1.3 -0.4
 

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

 

Total nonfarm

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4,620.8 4,675.7 4,701.8 4,681.8 61.0 1.3

Mining and logging

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1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 0.1 6.7

Construction

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174.6 173.4 181.6 185.1 10.5 6.0

Manufacturing

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417.4 412.3 415.1 414.4 -3.0 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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932.4 938.1 942.5 943.2 10.8 1.2

Information

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82.6 81.2 81.6 81.9 -0.7 -0.8

Financial activities

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297.2 292.3 295.4 295.3 -1.9 -0.6

Professional and business services

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821.8 822.1 831.5 831.0 9.2 1.1

Education and health services

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688.1 712.9 702.1 695.6 7.5 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

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471.1 480.9 492.0 488.6 17.5 3.7

Other services

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196.3 195.9 198.4 200.9 4.6 2.3

Government

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537.8 565.1 560.0 544.2 6.4 1.2
 

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas

 

Total nonfarm

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3,401.6 3,515.7 3,526.8 3,511.5 109.9 3.2

Mining, logging, and construction

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202.0 199.8 202.0 203.0 1.0 0.5

Manufacturing

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264.6 262.2 263.7 262.2 -2.4 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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724.1 752.4 756.8 757.9 33.8 4.7

Information

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81.1 80.6 80.7 80.3 -0.8 -1.0

Financial activities

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277.3 288.9 290.6 291.7 14.4 5.2

Professional and business services

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563.8 579.4 578.9 583.1 19.3 3.4

Education and health services

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416.2 431.5 430.0 430.0 13.8 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

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357.9 374.3 381.4 378.5 20.6 5.8

Other services

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121.5 120.1 121.1 120.5 -1.0 -0.8

Government

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393.1 426.5 421.6 404.3 11.2 2.8
 

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas

 

Total nonfarm

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2,980.0 2,993.2 3,001.9 2,993.3 13.3 0.4

Mining and logging

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99.9 86.7 86.8 86.5 -13.4 -13.4

Construction

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217.5 219.0 215.8 217.9 0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

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245.3 230.4 231.5 231.3 -14.0 -5.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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611.9 612.7 615.3 616.8 4.9 0.8

Information

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32.9 31.3 31.2 30.5 -2.4 -7.3

Financial activities

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152.1 153.2 154.5 155.1 3.0 2.0

Professional and business services

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473.7 456.2 458.6 463.7 -10.0 -2.1

Education and health services

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366.8 383.7 383.4 381.6 14.8 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

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305.8 318.9 327.8 328.2 22.4 7.3

Other services

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108.6 107.0 109.2 108.3 -0.3 -0.3

Government

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365.5 394.1 387.8 373.4 7.9 2.2
 

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.

 

Total nonfarm

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5,780.7 5,956.7 5,963.8 5,897.5 116.8 2.0

Mining and logging

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4.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 -0.6 -12.8

Construction

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220.5 233.2 233.3 232.0 11.5 5.2

Manufacturing

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520.2 510.8 513.2 514.8 -5.4 -1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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1,074.3 1,085.6 1,087.7 1,089.9 15.6 1.5

Information

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223.9 237.1 235.4 228.6 4.7 2.1

Financial activities

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334.0 335.7 338.4 337.4 3.4 1.0

Professional and business services

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886.0 901.3 911.3 910.8 24.8 2.8

Education and health services

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926.3 982.4 974.8 964.8 38.5 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

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705.4 716.1 728.3 729.2 23.8 3.4

Other services

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202.2 203.7 203.3 202.4 0.2 0.1

Government

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683.2 746.7 734.0 683.5 0.3 0.0
 

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Fla.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,465.1 2,569.4 2,541.5 2,539.8 74.7 3.0

Mining and logging

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0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

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112.5 119.8 119.6 122.6 10.1 9.0

Manufacturing

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84.4 84.9 84.4 83.8 -0.6 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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579.6 593.4 594.4 592.9 13.3 2.3

Information

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48.2 48.0 48.2 48.1 -0.1 -0.2

Financial activities

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175.3 181.3 182.9 183.7 8.4 4.8

Professional and business services

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403.3 415.0 415.7 421.0 17.7 4.4

Education and health services

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361.8 375.0 373.3 371.3 9.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

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299.8 319.2 316.7 313.4 13.6 4.5

Other services

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120.3 123.9 122.5 121.2 0.9 0.7

Government

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279.3 308.3 283.2 281.2 1.9 0.7
 

New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.

 

Total nonfarm

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9,373.9 9,527.4 9,607.7 9,573.6 199.7 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

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384.1 391.2 396.2 400.6 16.5 4.3

Manufacturing

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368.9 369.3 373.0 371.8 2.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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1,709.4 1,721.5 1,741.4 1,728.7 19.3 1.1

Information

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287.4 277.1 291.7 293.7 6.3 2.2

Financial activities

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776.4 765.9 773.4 781.8 5.4 0.7

Professional and business services

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1,500.7 1,508.8 1,521.6 1,522.2 21.5 1.4

Education and health services

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1,733.5 1,842.6 1,809.2 1,786.5 53.0 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

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920.7 907.9 957.8 972.2 51.5 5.6

Other services

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415.0 421.8 427.8 430.0 15.0 3.6

Government

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1,277.8 1,321.3 1,315.6 1,286.1 8.3 0.6
 

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,804.5 2,897.5 2,912.3 2,870.2 65.7 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

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114.7 115.0 117.2 117.3 2.6 2.3

Manufacturing

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182.0 183.3 184.9 185.0 3.0 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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516.0 527.4 529.6 524.3 8.3 1.6

Information

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46.7 44.4 46.9 46.6 -0.1 -0.2

Financial activities

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210.9 210.1 211.7 212.3 1.4 0.7

Professional and business services

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449.4 471.0 475.1 472.5 23.1 5.1

Education and health services

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590.7 616.1 608.6 604.4 13.7 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

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265.2 267.0 277.9 275.5 10.3 3.9

Other services

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119.3 119.8 120.3 119.4 0.1 0.1

Government

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309.6 343.4 340.1 312.9 3.3 1.1
 

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.

 

Total nonfarm

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1,866.6 1,960.3 1,934.2 1,925.2 58.6 3.1

Mining and logging

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3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 -0.3 -8.6

Construction

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99.6 105.7 108.2 110.3 10.7 10.7

Manufacturing

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120.6 119.9 120.9 120.1 -0.5 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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373.8 383.9 383.4 383.8 10.0 2.7

Information

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36.8 38.8 39.2 38.4 1.6 4.3

Financial activities

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167.0 174.7 175.2 175.2 8.2 4.9

Professional and business services

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320.4 328.1 329.8 331.3 10.9 3.4

Education and health services

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276.6 291.9 290.4 288.2 11.6 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

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201.7 214.4 209.4 207.0 5.3 2.6

Other services

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65.0 65.7 65.6 65.3 0.3 0.5

Government

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201.6 233.9 208.8 202.4 0.8 0.4
 

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif.

 

Total nonfarm

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2,266.4 2,314.0 2,325.7 2,327.0 60.6 2.7

Mining and logging

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1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 -0.1 -10.0

Construction

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113.3 117.3 118.8 122.2 8.9 7.9

Manufacturing

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127.6 127.0 128.3 129.2 1.6 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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366.1 368.9 371.5 373.8 7.7 2.1

Information

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86.5 85.7 87.0 87.5 1.0 1.2

Financial activities

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131.7 129.5 130.2 131.3 -0.4 -0.3

Professional and business services

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467.9 473.3 477.0 483.3 15.4 3.3

Education and health services

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326.0 343.0 339.7 338.8 12.8 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

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262.1 266.5 271.6 271.0 8.9 3.4

Other services

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84.6 84.6 85.6 85.2 0.6 0.7

Government

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299.6 317.3 315.1 303.8 4.2 1.4
 

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.

 

Total nonfarm

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3,184.9 3,245.8 3,274.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

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154.7 158.4 161.9 161.6 6.9 4.5

Manufacturing

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53.0 53.2 53.7 54.3 1.3 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

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404.6 413.4 417.5 415.6 11.0 2.7

Information

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77.5 73.0 75.5 76.1 -1.4 -1.8

Financial activities

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155.5 153.7 154.4 155.8 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

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729.2 739.7 745.6 748.3 19.1 2.6

Education and health services

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404.8 420.4 420.5 421.1 16.3 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

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325.6 326.6 338.2 337.1 11.5 3.5

Other services

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200.2 200.0 201.6 203.4 3.2 1.6

Government

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679.8 707.4 706.0 706.4 26.6 3.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary
 

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

Return to Mid-Atlantic Information Office Homepage
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 08, 2016