Labor productivity in manufacturing industries, 2012

April 02, 2014

Labor productivity–defined as output per hour–increased in 13 of the 21 manufacturing industries in 2012. Output increased in 17 industries, and hours fell in 5 industries.

Percent change in output per hour, output, and hours, NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries, 2011–2012
3-digit manufacturing industryOutput per hourOutputHours

Transportation equipment


Miscellaneous manufacturing

Furniture and related products


Computer and electronic products


Fabricated metal products

Plastics and rubber products

Beverage and tobacco products


Wood products


Primary metals

Paper and paper products


Textile mills

Printing and related support activities


Nonmetallic mineral products




Textile product mills




Electrical equipment and appliances


Leather and allied products


Petroleum and coal products

Note: All measures are preliminary and subject to revision.


Among the 21 manufacturing industries in 2012, productivity rose fastest in transportation equipment (5.6 percent), where output increased much faster than hours (12.8 percent and 6.8 percent, respectively). From 2011 to 2012, 10 of those industries registered greater productivity growth or smaller productivity declines.

These data are from the Labor Productivity and Costs program. The productivity measures reflect data classified according to the 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). The industry comparisons shown here are at the 3-digit level of the 6-digit NAICS coding structure. All of the measures for 2012 are preliminary and subject to revision. To learn more, see "Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing Industries, 2012" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL‑14‑0492.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor productivity in manufacturing industries, 2012 on the Internet at (visited September 24, 2016).


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