Payroll employment up 204,000 in October 2013

November 12, 2013

In October 2013, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 204,000. Job growth averaged 190,000 per month over the prior 12 months. Job gains occurred in leisure and hospitality, retail trade, professional and technical services, manufacturing, and health care. Federal government employment continued to trend down. There were no discernible impacts of the partial federal government shutdown on the estimates of employment, hours, and earnings from the establishment survey.

Over-the-month change in nonfarm payroll employment by industry, seasonally adjusted, October 2012–October 2013
IndustryOct 2012Nov 2012Dec 2012Jan 2013Feb 2013Mar 2013Apr 2013May 2013Jun 2013Jul 2013Aug 2013Sep 2013(p)Oct 2013(p)

Total nonfarm


Total private




Mining and logging






Durable goods


Nondurable goods


Private service-providing


Trade, transportation, and utilities


Wholesale trade


Retail trade


Transportation and warehousing






Financial activities


Professional and business services


Education and health services


Leisure and hospitality


Other services




(p) = preliminary.

Leisure and hospitality employment rose by 53,000 in October. Within the industry, employment in food services and drinking places increased by 29,000, the same as its average monthly gain over the prior 12 months. 

In October, employment in retail trade increased by 44,000, compared with an average monthly gain of 31,000 over the prior 12 months. Job growth was widespread within the industry, with gains in food and beverage stores (+12,000), electronics and appliance stores (+10,000), sporting goods and hobby stores (+8,000), general merchandise stores (+8,000), and building material and garden supply stores (+7,000). Clothing and clothing accessories stores lost 13,000 jobs. 

Professional and business services employment rose in October (+44,000) and has grown by 644,000 over the past 12 months. Within the industry, employment in management and technical consulting services rose by 8,000 in October. 

In October, manufacturing added 19,000 jobs, with job growth occurring in motor vehicles and parts (+6,000), wood products (+3,000), and furniture and related products (+3,000). On net, manufacturing employment has changed little since February 2013.

Federal government employment declined by 12,000 in October. Over the past 12 months, federal government employment has decreased by 94,000. Federal employees on furlough during the partial government shutdown were still considered employed in the payroll survey because they worked or received pay for the pay period that included the 12th of the month. 

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent two months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — October 2013," (HTML) (PDF) news release USDL‑13‑2120. For more information on the classification of workers affected by the partial federal government shutdown, see "Frequently asked questions: The impact of the partial federal government shutdown on the Employment Situation for October 2013," (PDF).  More charts featuring CES employment data can be found in Current Employment Statistics Highlights: October 2013.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment up 204,000 in October 2013 on the Internet at (visited September 28, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.