Consumer Price Index, March 2012 to March 2013

April 17, 2013

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 1.5 percent from March 2012 to March 2013, the smallest increase since the 12 months ending July 2012. Over that period, the food index increased 1.5 percent and the energy index declined 1.6 percent.


12-month percent change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, not seasonally adjusted, March 2012–March 2013
Expenditure categoryPercent change

All items


  Medical care


  Transportation services






  New vehicles




  Used cars & trucks




The food at home index increased 1.0 percent over the past year, while the fruits and vegetables index rose 4.4 percent, the largest increase among the food groups. The indexes for dairy and related products and for nonalcoholic beverages both declined during the last year, and the index for food away from home rose 2.3 percent.

The index for gasoline declined 3.1 percent over the past 12 months, and the fuel oil index declined 2.4 percent. The indexes for natural gas and electricity rose during the period, by 1.8 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent for the 12 months ending March. Component indexes rising more quickly than this include airline fare (3.8 percent), medical care (3.1 percent), and shelter (2.2 percent). Among those indexes rising more slowly are new vehicles (1.1 percent), apparel (0.8 percent), and used cars and trucks (0.1 percent). The index for household furnishings and operations declined 0.6 percent during that period.

These data are from the BLS Consumer Price Index program. To learn more, see "Consumer Price Index — March 2013" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL‑13‑0668.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer Price Index, March 2012 to March 2013 on the Internet at (visited September 26, 2016).


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