Productivity in wholesale trade, retail trade, and food services, 2009
September 07, 2010
Labor productivity (defined as output per hour) fell in wholesale trade, but rose in retail trade and in food services and drinking places, in 2009. Productivity changes were as follows: ‑3.3 percent in wholesale trade, 1.5 percent in retail trade, and 1.0 percent in food services and drinking places.
In comparison, labor productivity fell in each of the three sectors overall in 2008. However, both output and hours declined more rapidly in each of the sectors in 2009 than they did in 2008.
In wholesale trade, labor productivity fell 3.3 percent as output declined 10.1 percent and hours fell 7.1 percent. Output per hour rose in eight of the 19 detailed wholesale trade industries in 2009, compared with five in 2008.
In retail trade, labor productivity grew 1.5 percent while output and hours declined by 4.4 and 5.8 percent, respectively. Output per hour increased in 18 of the 27 detailed retail trade industries in 2009, compared with 12 in 2008.
In food services and drinking places, labor productivity rose 1.0 percent as output fell 2.5 percent and hours declined by 3.5 percent. Output per hour increased in three of the four detailed food services and drinking places industries in 2009, an improvement over 2008, when productivity grew in only one industry.
These data are from the Productivity and Costs program. Additional information can be found in "Productivity and Costs by Industry: Wholesale Trade, Retail Trade, and Food Services and Drinking Places Industries, 2009" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL-10-1209.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Productivity in wholesale trade, retail trade, and food services, 2009 on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2010/ted_20100907.htm (visited December 02, 2016).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
Workplace injuries and illnesses and employer costs for workers’ compensation
Workplace injury and illness data and the costs to employers for workers’ compensation in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.
A look at the future of the U.S. labor force to 2060
Projected long-term trends in the growth, size, and composition of the labor force.
Union membership in the United States
Historical trends in union membership among employed wage and salary workers; union membership by a variety of demographic characteristics.
A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
Spending on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.
Self-employment in the United States
Trends in self-employment by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, including both the unincorporated and the incorporated self-employed, as well as data on paid employees who work for the self-employed.