Job losses continue in manufacturing

March 12, 2001

Large job losses continued in manufacturing, where employment declined by 94,000 in February, following a similar loss (as revised) in January.

Diffusion of employment change over 1-month span, seasonally adjusted, February 2000-February 2001
[Chart data—TXT]

With the exception of motor vehicles, where some workers returned from temporary layoffs, employment declines in manufacturing were widespread in February. The diffusion index of employment change in manufacturing was 28.1. (An index under 50 indicates that employment is contracting in more industries than it is expanding in.)

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 135,000, in February. The job losses in manufacturing were offset by gains in services and most other major industry divisions.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program. The total private diffusion index is calculated from 356 industry employment series covering the entire private sector. The manufacturing diffusion index is based on 139 industries. To derive the indexes, each component industry is assigned a value of 0, 50, or 100, depending on whether its employment decreased, was unchanged, or increased. The average value is the diffusion index. For more information on labor market developments, see news release USDL 01-57, The Employment Situation: February 2001.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Job losses continue in manufacturing on the Internet at (visited September 30, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.