Fewer hours, fewer benefits

September 21, 2000

Part-time employees are much less likely than full-time employees to receive most workplace benefits.

Percent of private sector employees participating in selected benefits, by full-time or part-time employment status, 1996-97
[Chart data—TXT]

In 1996-97, only 29 percent of part-time employees received paid leave for holidays, compared with 85 percent of full-time employees; 35 percent of part-timers got paid vacation time, versus 91 percent of full-timers.

Among part-time employees, 11 percent participated in medical care benefits and 8 percent in dental care—the corresponding full-time figures were 70 percent and 45 percent. Part-time employees participated in life insurance benefits at a rate of 11 percent and retirement plans at a rate of 20 percent, compared with 74 percent and 62 percent, respectively, for those working full time.

In general, lower participation in benefits among part-time workers may result from their not having been offered the benefit. For insurance and retirement benefits, however, lower participation also may stem from the fact that the lower pay of part-time workers would make them less able to pay for their share of such employer-provided benefits, causing them to decline coverage.

These data on benefits are the products of the Employee Benefits Survey. Read more in "Private Sector Employee Benefits, 1996-97" (PDF 38K), Ann C. Foster, Compensation and Working Conditions, Summer 2000.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Fewer hours, fewer benefits on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2000/sept/wk3/art04.htm (visited July 27, 2016).

OF INTEREST

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.