Union membership shows distinct geographic pattern

November 02, 2000

Every State in the Middle Atlantic, East North Central, and Pacific divisions had a union membership rate of 15.0 percent or above in 1999. In contrast, every State in the East South Central and West South Central divisions had a rate that was below 15.0 percent.

Map showing union membership rates by state, 1999 annual average
[Chart data—TXT]

North Carolina and South Carolina of the South Atlantic division were the only States with union membership rates below 5 percent—3.2 percent and 3.5 percent, respectively. These two States have had the lowest rates for the past 5 years.

New York, the most unionized State, had a union membership rate of 25.3 percent, eight times that of North Carolina.

At the national level, union members made up 13.9 percent of all persons with wage and salary employment in 1999, the same as in 1998.

The 1999 union membership data are from the Current Population Survey. The membership data refer to workers in both the public and private sectors. Find out more information on union membership by State in "Regional Trends," Monthly Labor Review, September 2000.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Union membership shows distinct geographic pattern on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2000/oct/wk5/art04.htm (visited September 26, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.