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Winter 2013–14 Vol. 57, Number 4

Occupational employment


 

Occupations that have the most growth and that typically require less than a high school diploma to enter the occupation, projected 2012-22, in thousands of jobs

Occupation

Employment, projected 2012-22 (in thousands)

Median annual wage, May 2012

Experience¹

Training²

Personal care aides

581

$19,910

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Retail salespersons

435

21,110

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Home health aides

424

20,820

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

422

18,260

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

280

22,320

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction laborers

260

29,990

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

242

23,890

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

183

19,570

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, restaurant

150

22,030

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

139

23,570

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

132

18,540

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cashiers

87

18,970

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bartenders

66

18,900

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Painters, construction and maintenance

63

35,190

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

54

22,860

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food servers, nonrestaurant

49

19,640

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter and rental clerks

47

23,130

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cement masons and concrete finishers

41

35,760

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Packers and packagers, hand

40

19,910

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

36

22,820

None

Short-term on-the-job training

¹ Indicates whether work experience in a related occupation is also typically needed for entry into the occupation. Assignments are more than 5 years (5+), less than 5 years (<5), or none (N).

² Indicates whether on-the-job training is typically needed to attain competency in the occupation. Assignments are internship/residency (I/R), apprenticeship (A), long-term (L), moderate-term (M), short-term (S), or none (N).

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Last Updated: December 16, 2013