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January 1993, Vol. 116, No. 1
B ecause the Nation's economic situation did not improve at a pace that provided sufficient job prospects to individuals who had exhausted their regular unemployment benefits, the U.S. Congress extended the Emergency Unemployment Compensation program that had been enacted into law in 1991. On February 7, 1992, the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-164) was amended by Public Law 102-244, which increased the number of weeks of federally funded unemployment benefits payable for weeks of unemployment before June 13 from 20 to 33 States with high unemployment rates, and from 13 to 26 in all other Sates. For weeks of unemployment beginning after June 13, 1992, the number of weeks of benefits available reverted back to the 13 and 20. The amendments also extended the Emergency Unemployment Compensation program through July 4, 1992.
The Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act was further amended by the Unemployment Compensation Amendments of 1992 (Public Law 102-318). These amendments extended the emergency benefits program through March 6, 1993, for new claims, and provided for either 20 or 26 weeks of emergency benefits, depending on the unemployment rate in a State. Emergency benefits were made available to railroad workers. Also, the exclusion from coverage of aliens performing agricultural labor was extended to January 1, 1995. States are not required to change their laws to apply the alien exclusion. In addition, the bill amended the permanent Federal-State Extended Benefits Program to provide an alternative trigger for the payment of such benefits, based on the total unemployment rate in a State.
This excerpt is from an article published in the January 1993 issue of the Monthly Labor Review. The full text of the article is available in Adobe Acrobat's Portable Document Format (PDF). See How to view a PDF file for more information.
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