U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-16-1655
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, August 11, 2016

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        Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                          U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JULY 2016

Prices for U.S. imports advanced 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following a 0.6-percent rise the previous month. In July, increasing nonfuel prices more than offset a 
downturn in fuel prices. The price index for U.S. exports rose 0.2 percent in July, after advancing 0.8 
percent in June.  

Imports

All Imports: U.S. import prices continued to advance in July, ticking up 0.1 percent. Prices for imports 
have not recorded a monthly decrease over the past 5 months and increased 3.0 percent since last declining 
in February. Prior to July, the increases were driven by rising fuel prices. In contrast, in July, nonfuel prices 
led the advance and fuel prices recorded a decrease. Despite the recent increases, import prices remain down 
on an over-the-year basis, falling 3.7 percent over the past 12 months. Import prices have not recorded a 12-
month advance since 2 years ago when the index rose 0.9 percent between July 2013 and July 2014.                   

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports rose 0.3 percent in July following a 0.2-
percent drop in June and a 0.3-percent advance in May. The 0.3-percent increases were the largest 1-month 
advances since the index rose 0.3 percent in March 2014. The last time the index increased more than 0.3 
percent was a 0.4-percent rise in March 2012. The July advance was led by higher prices for nonfuel 
industrial supplies and materials; and foods, feeds, and beverages. In contrast, import finished goods prices 
decreased in July. Prices for nonfuel imports declined 1.2 percent over the past year.            

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices decreased 2.5 percent in July, the first monthly decline since the index fell 6.8 
percent in February. Before the downturn, import fuel prices rose 47.1 percent from February to June. In 
July, a 3.6-percent drop in petroleum prices drove the downturn in fuel prices and more than offset a 31.4 
percent increase in the price index for natural gas. Prices for import fuel decreased 22.3 percent for the year 
ended in July. A 23.1-percent decline in petroleum prices over the period and a 17.5-percent drop in natural 
gas prices each contributed to the overall fall in fuel prices.                 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

July

-0.9 -6.1 -0.3 -0.4 1.0 -0.6

August

-1.8 -12.7 -0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 (r)0.5 0.8 0.4

May

(r)1.2 (r)12.7 0.3 (r)1.1 (r)3.0 1.0

June

(r)0.6 (r)9.6 (r)-0.2 0.8 (r)2.6 0.5

July

0.1 -2.5 0.3 0.2 -0.4 0.3

July 2014 to 2015

-10.5 -42.9 -2.6 -6.2 -14.4 -5.3

July 2015 to 2016

-3.7 -22.3 -1.2 -3.0 -2.6 -3.0

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports 

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports increased 0.2 percent in July, after rising 2.4 percent over the 3 
previous months. In July, higher nonagricultural prices more than offset a decrease in agricultural prices. 
The price index for exports last recorded a 1-month decline when the index edged down 0.1 percent in 
March. Even accounting for the recent advances, export prices declined 3.0 percent over the past 12 months 
and have not increased on an over-the-year basis since the index advanced 0.4 percent in August 2014. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural prices increased 0.3 percent in July following a 0.5 
percent advance the previous month. In July, rising prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials as well as consumer goods drove the overall rise. Prices for nonagricultural exports fell 3.0 percent 
over the past 12 months and declines for each of the major end-use categories contributed to the decrease 
from July 2015 to July 2016. 

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports declined 0.4 percent in July, after rising 2.6 
percent in June, 3.0 percent in May, and 0.8 percent in April. The downturn in July was led by an 8.5-
percent decrease in corn prices; lower wheat prices also contributed to the overall decrease. Agricultural 
export prices fell 2.6 percent for the year ended in July, driven primarily by falling prices for nuts, wheat, 
and corn.     


   					SELECTED JULY HIGHLIGHTS


Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China edged down 0.1 percent in July, after 
decreasing 0.2 percent in June. The price index for imports from China has not recorded a monthly advance 
since ticking up 0.1 percent in December 2014 and decreased 1.8 percent on a 12-month basis for the second 
consecutive month in July. Import prices from the European Union and Mexico also declined in July, falling 
0.3 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively. In contrast, prices for imports from Japan rose 0.2 percent in July. 
The last time the price index for imports from Japan recorded a monthly advance larger than 0.2 percent was 
a 0.3-percent increase in August 2011. Import prices from Canada rose 0.2 percent in July following a 2.7-
percent advance in June.                            

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices rose 1.6 
percent in July, after a 0.2-percent drop in June. The July advance was led by higher prices for gold, other 
precious metals, and iron and steel mill products.          

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods categories recorded declines in July. Automotive 
vehicles prices fell 0.3 percent, driven by lower passenger car prices. The price indexes for capital goods 
and consumer goods each edged down 0.1 percent in July. Capital goods prices last rose on a monthly basis 
in June 2014.                      

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Prices for foods, feeds, and beverages increased 3.3 percent in July, driven 
by a 32.0-percent jump in import fruit prices. The July advance in foods, feeds, and beverages prices was 
the largest monthly advance since the index rose 3.6 percent in March 2014.               

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 3.9 percent in July following monthly 
increases in each of the past 3 months. An 8.4-percent drop in European fares was the main contributor to 
the July downturn, while Asian fares also fell, declining 3.1 percent. Import air passenger fares decreased 
8.3 percent over the past year. The price index for import air freight rose 2.5 percent in July, the largest 1-
month rise for the index since a 5.0-percent advance in October 2015. Despite the July rise, import air 
freight prices fell 7.7 percent over the past 12 months.        

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials rose 
0.6 percent in July, after advancing 1.8 percent in June. The July increase was led by a 6.7-percent rise in 
nonferrous metal prices.         

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in July. Prices for consumer goods rose 0.5 percent, 
driven by a 1.7-percent advance in the price index for medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical materials. The 
last time consumer goods prices increased by more than 0.5 percent was a 1.2-percent advance in June 2011. 
Capital goods prices edged down 0.1 percent in July and automotive vehicles prices recorded no change. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares rose 4.4 percent in July following a 3.4-percent 
advance in June. An 11.5-percent increase in Latin American/Caribbean fares and a 5.9-percent rise in 
Asian fares each contributed to the overall advance for export air passenger fares. Despite the recent 
increase, export air passenger fares fell 9.4 percent over the past 12 months. The price index for export air 
freight fell 0.2 percent in July and 3.2 percent over the past year.             

Import and Export Price Index data for August 2016 are scheduled for release on Wednesday, September 14, 
2016 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.6 120.7 -3.7 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.1

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.367 98.2 98.3 -1.4 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.957 110.5 111.0 -1.3 0.0 0.4 -0.3 0.5

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.448 114.8 115.2 -1.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.081 172.3 177.9 1.4 1.3 0.3 -0.6 3.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.675 187.4 195.4 0.2 1.4 0.1 -0.7 4.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.406 138.4 138.3 5.9 1.3 1.5 -0.3 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

21.957 157.8 157.8 -12.2 3.6 5.4 3.3 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  13.914 139.0 141.9 -3.4 0.6 1.5 -0.4 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.405 159.4 161.9 -2.9 0.4 1.6 -0.2 1.6

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.125 148.0 151.7 -0.8 0.8 2.3 -0.5 2.5

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.280 127.6 129.8 -6.7 0.2 0.5 -0.4 1.7

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.551 157.0 153.0 -22.3 9.8 12.7 9.6 -2.5

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.042 171.8 165.6 -23.1 10.7 13.9 10.6 -3.6

Crude

10000

5.869 175.7 169.5 -22.5 12.0 14.8 10.2 -3.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.331 65.7 80.8 -15.4 3.3 -1.0 -7.9 23.0

Gas-natural

10110

0.241 49.4 64.9 -17.5 4.3 -1.3 -10.3 31.4

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.576 107.4 106.8 -2.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 -0.6

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.771 149.9 150.5 -6.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.4

Selected building materials

13

1.302 137.3 137.3 -0.2 1.3 0.8 0.1 0.0

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.351 189.7 200.8 0.2 1.6 5.1 -1.3 5.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.683 145.0 146.0 -3.7 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.7

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.722 108.9 108.2 -1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.6

Capital goods

2

28.494 89.0 88.9 -1.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.456 115.8 115.7 -1.8 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.333 81.5 81.4 -2.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.705 136.6 136.2 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.3

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.131 110.6 110.3 -0.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.337 106.9 106.8 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.055 119.7 119.7 0.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.788 94.2 94.2 -1.4 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.494 119.0 118.3 0.6 -0.3 0.8 -0.3 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.9 121.1 -3.0 0.5 1.1 0.8 0.2

Agricultural commodities

  9.359 182.1 181.3 -2.6 0.8 3.0 2.6 -0.4

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.284 98.3 98.6 -1.5 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.640 116.3 116.6 -3.0 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.781 184.2 182.8 -2.5 0.9 3.0 2.6 -0.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.108 184.9 183.2 -2.9 1.0 3.3 2.8 -0.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.673 184.8 186.4 1.5 0.6 -1.1 1.6 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

28.790 140.8 141.9 -7.5 1.4 3.0 1.8 0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.498 151.7 154.6 -1.5 0.5 1.8 -1.2 1.9

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.291 135.9 135.9 -10.7 1.9 3.8 3.6 0.0

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.251 171.0 175.4 -1.0 -0.1 0.4 1.8 2.6

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  27.539 139.9 140.8 -7.7 1.4 3.2 1.8 0.6

Fuels & lubricants

11

6.934 148.0 147.7 -18.7 3.8 11.1 9.7 -0.2

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.573 148.1 149.6 -4.0 0.8 0.9 -0.7 1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.032 115.4 115.6 0.0 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2

Capital goods

2

38.915 107.1 107.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.969 112.7 112.7 -1.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.256 94.3 94.2 -0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.690 164.2 164.0 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.692 113.2 113.2 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.821 110.1 110.6 -1.8 -0.1 0.2 -0.4 0.5

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.827 106.0 107.0 -1.4 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.9

Durables, manufactured

41

5.372 107.7 107.7 -2.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  8.304 85.8 85.7 -17.6 7.9 9.5 6.2 -0.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.892 163.8 175.1 -0.3 0.9 -0.8 -1.9 6.9

Crop production

111

1.511 173.7 189.0 1.8 0.6 -0.4 -2.1 8.8

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.209 80.3 78.2 -14.2 1.2 -4.9 -0.1 -2.6

Mining

21

6.412 76.7 75.0 -21.5 10.9 13.2 8.9 -2.2

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.239 95.0 93.5 -4.8 2.8 -0.6 -0.1 -1.6

Manufactured articles

  91.387 109.0 109.1 -2.1 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.199 123.9 124.0 -0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.505 153.4 154.3 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.098 118.8 117.8 -0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.8

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.406 98.7 99.2 -1.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5

Textile product mills

314

0.895 108.8 108.8 -2.8 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.371 111.3 111.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.924 123.3 123.3 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

16.878 116.4 116.0 -5.8 0.6 1.5 1.5 -0.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.790 115.6 115.6 0.1 1.9 1.0 0.7 0.0

Paper manufacturing

322

1.077 105.5 105.3 -2.4 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.034 76.4 73.4 -26.5 7.9 11.6 11.9 -3.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.467 130.9 131.3 -2.2 -0.2 0.5 0.1 0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.276 117.3 117.8 -0.8 -0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.034 129.7 129.2 -1.4 0.0 0.3 -0.5 -0.4

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.310 103.3 103.5 -1.4 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.098 126.5 132.7 -1.3 0.9 4.1 -0.8 4.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.106 122.2 122.3 -2.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.706 116.5 116.5 -1.8 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

18.041 76.5 76.3 -2.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.828 114.5 114.3 -2.3 -0.9 0.3 -0.5 -0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.332 109.8 109.5 -0.7 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.664 115.0 114.9 -0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.535 119.8 120.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  7.159 126.7 129.1 -4.4 2.7 4.5 5.2 1.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.866 162.1 158.5 -5.9 1.1 4.0 4.6 -2.2

Crop production

111

4.591 170.1 166.2 -5.1 1.1 5.0 4.8 -2.3

Mining

21

2.293 65.6 72.5 -1.6 6.4 5.5 6.7 10.5

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.116 77.0 78.4 -9.5 0.8 1.8 -0.6 1.8

Manufactured articles

  91.525 111.4 111.5 -2.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.781 135.8 137.1 -0.4 0.2 1.1 1.1 1.0

Food manufacturing

311

4.556 152.6 154.4 -0.3 0.4 1.5 1.3 1.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.634 110.9 114.5 3.2 0.6 1.0 2.2 3.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.222 106.2 105.6 -8.3 1.4 2.4 2.2 -0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.726 120.9 120.5 -3.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.7 -0.3

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.268 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.552 87.1 84.3 -22.4 4.4 13.1 12.1 -3.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.915 114.1 114.3 -5.1 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.378 115.4 114.2 -3.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -1.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.860 112.2 112.2 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

61.521 111.1 111.4 -0.6 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.150 131.4 138.1 0.4 -0.2 2.4 -2.4 5.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.281 130.1 130.3 0.9 -0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.598 126.3 126.5 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.413 83.7 83.5 -2.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.838 112.8 112.6 -1.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.268 122.1 122.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.406 115.0 116.6 6.6 0.4 0.2 1.1 1.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.567 119.6 119.3 -3.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.9 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.479 189.4 189.9 3.1 2.6 1.9 -0.8 0.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.386 236.6 237.3 0.0 5.4 6.1 -3.2 0.3

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.773 139.5 141.1 11.5 2.7 1.7 -0.7 1.1

Vegetable products

II

1.876 186.0 204.1 1.4 1.0 -0.5 -3.7 9.7

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.449 407.4 411.9 -12.3 4.8 -7.7 -0.9 1.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.500 82.1 111.9 15.4 -1.7 -0.4 -10.9 36.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.364 229.6 234.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.3

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.175 107.3 106.3 - 1.9 3.5 0.3 -0.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.280 106.7 106.9 2.5 6.3 -1.9 -0.3 0.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.835 163.5 163.5 1.2 0.3 0.5 1.9 0.0

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.193 86.8 86.2 -4.9 -0.1 -0.2 1.2 -0.7

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.248 115.1 115.2 1.7 0.7 2.9 0.4 0.1

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.287 133.2 133.0 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.323 154.6 157.8 1.2 0.2 -0.6 0.1 2.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.035 128.7 127.6 -0.5 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.9

Mineral products

V

8.596 156.6 152.4 -23.0 9.8 12.5 9.4 -2.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.434 154.1 150.0 -23.2 10.2 13.0 9.8 -2.7

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.879 146.9 147.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.562 261.6 257.4 -12.6 -1.1 0.7 -1.2 -1.6

Organic chemicals

29

2.388 120.8 121.2 -3.9 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.856 142.0 141.9 3.7 -0.2 0.6 -0.4 -0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.288 78.1 78.6 -28.5 1.0 -0.8 1.2 0.6

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.190 98.5 101.6 3.0 0.3 0.5 0.5 3.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.664 100.9 101.8 13.2 -1.3 0.0 -0.4 0.9

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.503 136.7 137.1 -2.6 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.251 140.4 140.3 -3.2 0.0 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.252 131.6 133.0 -1.6 0.5 0.5 0.0 1.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.706 123.5 123.5 -3.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.673 128.9 128.8 -1.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.825 140.5 140.7 0.4 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.1

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.786 96.5 96.7 0.4 1.8 1.1 0.5 0.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.155 109.9 109.6 -1.7 -0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.783 104.5 104.5 -0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.211 100.3 100.8 - 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.493 113.3 113.3 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.271 103.4 103.5 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.908 119.9 119.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.635 103.0 102.9 -2.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.535 122.9 122.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.334 122.0 122.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.964 131.7 130.9 -1.4 0.2 0.4 -0.5 -0.6

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.334 99.4 97.9 - 0.4 0.7 -1.1 -1.5

Ceramic products

69

0.282 137.1 136.8 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.348 130.0 129.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.026 167.6 177.0 5.5 -0.2 2.9 -2.7 5.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.443 155.3 156.9 -5.1 0.7 1.5 0.3 1.0

Iron and steel

72

1.340 170.3 174.4 -2.1 3.7 5.7 3.6 2.4

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.718 138.0 138.2 -6.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.359 241.1 241.2 -14.7 -0.2 -0.8 -2.2 0.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.725 120.9 120.9 -6.8 0.1 1.3 -1.1 0.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.445 122.2 122.3 -4.8 -0.8 -1.0 -0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.528 136.7 137.0 -1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.663 80.8 80.7 -1.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.582 85.9 85.7 -1.9 -0.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.081 76.0 75.9 -1.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.416 114.2 113.8 -0.8 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.923 112.8 112.4 -0.9 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.422 119.0 119.0 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -1.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.031 103.4 103.2 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.700 100.2 100.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.267 141.5 141.5 -0.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.208 112.1 111.9 -0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.573 116.6 116.4 -0.9 0.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.355 103.7 103.4 -1.3 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.280 135.2 135.2 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.733 186.9 189.7 0.2 0.1 0.8 1.1 1.5

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.045 150.3 151.2 3.2 -0.2 2.3 0.8 0.6

Vegetable products

II

4.610 208.0 203.5 -4.5 1.2 4.7 4.2 -2.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.940 158.2 155.5 -9.1 -2.2 1.7 1.2 -1.7

Cereals

10

1.336 192.4 175.6 -16.7 0.6 3.9 4.2 -8.7

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.756 220.3 227.9 4.8 3.3 9.2 7.6 3.4

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.990 150.4 151.9 -0.7 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.377 118.9 118.8 0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.549 111.3 112.3 3.6 1.0 2.9 1.8 0.9

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.697 211.4 220.2 1.0 0.7 3.7 5.8 4.2

Mineral products

V

6.801 167.6 170.0 -17.7 3.5 9.3 9.1 1.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.480 75.9 75.7 -6.0 3.2 1.1 1.7 -0.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

6.119 160.1 162.6 -18.9 3.6 10.4 10.1 1.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.757 136.4 136.8 -4.5 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.908 173.6 174.9 -5.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.458 132.9 132.5 -8.6 1.5 0.5 0.2 -0.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.918 107.3 109.4 -1.8 0.5 0.8 0.0 2.0

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.547 99.1 99.2 - 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.831 134.5 134.6 -1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.516 116.5 115.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -1.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.866 148.4 148.3 -2.1 2.2 0.5 0.5 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.080 136.3 135.4 -4.7 0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.7

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.100 131.7 131.0 -5.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.980 156.0 153.9 -3.5 0.4 0.8 -1.1 -1.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.328 119.4 119.9 -6.8 0.7 0.1 0.7 0.4

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.181 69.6 70.1 -8.1 1.3 0.3 0.3 0.7

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.651 95.7 95.5 -0.5 1.1 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.117 121.2 122.4 -1.6 0.2 0.2 -0.2 1.0

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.607 122.5 127.7 -1.2 1.9 0.9 -0.9 4.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.130 119.7 119.1 -3.1 -0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.5

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.380 100.4 100.4 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.705 119.5 120.6 -1.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.9

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.395 117.9 124.9 3.3 2.5 2.3 2.3 5.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.867 122.7 122.7 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.293 100.5 100.5 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.439 99.7 99.7 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.351 229.6 240.6 4.3 -0.1 1.6 -2.1 4.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.961 143.3 143.9 -4.2 0.4 2.1 -1.0 0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.021 144.7 144.3 -8.7 3.4 7.0 -2.9 -0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.417 150.1 154.2 -15.2 -0.3 -0.7 -0.2 2.7

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.775 104.7 104.8 -6.9 0.3 2.8 -0.9 0.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.391 100.0 100.1 - -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.354 147.7 147.7 -0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.784 96.0 95.9 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.824 113.0 113.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.960 77.5 77.4 -2.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.151 131.6 131.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.222 114.9 114.8 -0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.191 106.2 106.0 -1.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.546 111.6 112.2 0.6 0.1 -0.7 0.7 0.5

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.922 126.2 127.6 3.0 0.3 -0.4 1.0 1.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.471 89.2 89.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.6 117.8 -2.9 0.8 1.4 0.9 0.2

Nonmanufactured articles

7.882 128.3 127.3 -14.7 9.3 8.4 9.7 -0.8

Manufactured articles

91.683 116.3 116.6 -1.9 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.3

Other Countries(3)

100.000 118.3 117.7 -4.5 0.6 1.4 0.6 -0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

8.607 172.5 171.4 -19.3 6.3 10.7 5.2 -0.6

Manufactured articles

91.154 103.2 102.7 -2.5 0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.5

Canada

100.000 120.6 120.9 -5.5 3.3 3.1 2.7 0.2

Nonmanufactured articles

22.398 122.6 121.5 -15.2 9.9 8.7 10.4 -0.9

Manufactured articles

76.837 124.0 124.8 -2.6 1.7 1.7 0.7 0.6

European Union(4)

100.000 132.1 131.7 -2.3 0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.3

Manufactured articles

99.517 128.7 128.3 -2.3 0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.3

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.6 122.6 0.7 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.2 113.1 -3.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.9 118.9 -2.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Latin America(5)

100.000 139.3 139.4 -5.9 0.8 1.8 0.8 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

16.483 195.7 198.0 -14.3 5.1 10.0 4.8 1.2

Manufactured articles

83.049 119.3 119.2 -4.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 125.9 125.7 -3.9 0.3 1.0 0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

8.246 104.1 116.1 -10.8 5.0 11.1 3.3 11.5

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

91.292 88.9 87.8 -2.9 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -1.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.5 98.5 -1.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 101.0 100.9 -1.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 95.2 95.4 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.4 83.9 -2.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.6

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.2 96.8 -1.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 -0.4

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 143.1 135.6 -23.4 6.8 6.2 2.9 -5.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: July 2015 to July 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2016(1)
Index Percent change
June
2016
July
2016
Annual Monthly
July
2015
to
July
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 148.0 151.7 -7.7 0.9 -0.9 -2.1 2.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.445 138.0 137.6 -7.5 -3.3 1.4 0.2 -0.3

Asia

61.249 128.9 134.3 -8.9 3.0 -2.2 -3.2 4.2

Export Air Freight

100.000 153.5 153.2 -3.2 0.1 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

37.825 145.5 145.5 -4.0 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 142.2 143.5 -7.5 1.2 -1.5 -1.4 0.9

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

29.170 135.4 133.4 -5.1 -0.1 0.7 0.0 -1.5

Asia

56.005 123.0 126.6 -10.1 2.4 -3.1 -2.5 2.9

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 138.0 136.9 -9.2 -2.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.403 141.0 141.6 -10.6 -6.1 0.0 -1.0 0.4

Asia

43.714 131.6 129.2 -11.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 188.8 181.4 -8.3 3.5 1.5 0.3 -3.9

Europe

45.399 224.0 205.2 -8.9 5.1 0.5 1.1 -8.4

Asia

24.674 147.7 143.1 -6.8 3.8 3.0 5.9 -3.1

Latin America/Caribbean

8.972 152.3 156.9 -4.7 -2.2 -0.7 5.7 3.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 151.5 158.2 -9.4 -6.0 -0.5 3.4 4.4

Europe

33.762 208.3 200.4 -15.9 -11.4 -3.4 9.0 -3.8

Asia

30.306 134.5 142.5 -0.9 -3.7 7.8 0.8 5.9

Latin America/Caribbean

23.674 152.8 170.3 -2.8 -4.3 0.1 2.0 11.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: August 11, 2016