Regional and State Unemployment (Annual) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 26, 2016                  USDL-16-0364

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392 * lausinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


             REGIONAL AND STATE UNEMPLOYMENT -- 2015 ANNUAL AVERAGES


In 2015, annual average unemployment rates decreased in 47 states and the District 
of Columbia, increased in 2 states, and were unchanged in 1 state, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment-population ratios increased in 35 
states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 15 states. The U.S. jobless 
rate declined by 0.9 percentage point from the prior year to 5.3 percent, and the 
national employment-population ratio rose by 0.3 point to 59.3 percent.

Regional Unemployment

All four regions had statistically significant unemployment rate decreases from 
2014: the Midwest, Northeast, and West (-1.0 percentage point each) and the South 
(-0.7 point). The Midwest, at 4.8 percent, had the only jobless rate significantly 
lower than that of the U.S. in 2015, while the West, at 5.7 percent, had the only 
rate significantly above the national figure. (See table 1.)

All nine geographic divisions had statistically significant over-the-year 
unemployment rate declines in 2015, the largest of which occurred in the East 
North Central and Pacific (-1.2 percentage points each). The West North Central 
had the lowest jobless rate among divisions, 4.0 percent. The West South Central, 
at 4.7 percent, and New England, at 5.0 percent, also had rates significantly 
below the U.S. average. Two divisions had unemployment rates that were measurably 
higher than that of the U.S.: the Pacific, 6.0 percent, and East South Central, 
5.9 percent.

State Unemployment

Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia had statistically significant 
unemployment rate decreases in 2015. The largest of these declines occurred in 
Michigan (-1.9 percentage points) and Rhode Island (-1.7 points). The remaining 
12 states had annual average jobless rates in 2015 that were not appreciably 
different from those of the previous year, though some had changes that were 
at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table A.)

North Dakota had the lowest unemployment rate, 2.7 percent in 2015, followed 
by Nebraska and South Dakota, 3.0 percent and 3.1 percent, respectively. Nevada 
and West Virginia had the highest jobless rates among the states, 6.7 percent 
each. The District of Columbia had a rate of 6.9 percent. Overall, 20 states 
had unemployment rates that were significantly lower than the U.S. figure of 
5.3 percent, while 13 states and the District of Columbia had rates measurably 
above it. (See table B.)

Regional Employment-Population Ratios

In 2015, three regions had statistically significant changes in their 
employment-population ratios--the proportion of the civilian noninstitutional 
population 16 years of age and over who are employed--all of which were increases. 
These occurred in the Northeast (+0.7 percentage point), Midwest (+0.6 point), 
and West (+0.4 point). The Midwest had the highest ratio, 61.9 percent, while 
the South, at 57.9 percent, had the lowest. The ratios in these two regions
were the only ones that were significantly different from the national figure
of 59.3 percent. (See table 2.)

Four of the nine geographic divisions had significant changes in their employment-
population ratios from 2014 to 2015, all of which were increases: the Middle 
Atlantic (+0.8 percentage point), East North Central (+0.7 point), West North 
Central (+0.6 point), and Pacific (+0.5 point). The division with the highest 
employment-population ratio in 2015 was the West North Central, at 65.8 percent, 
followed by New England, at 62.0 percent. These two divisions, along with 
the East North Central and Mountain, at 60.2 percent and 60.1 percent, 
respectively, had employment-population ratios measurably above that of the 
U.S. The East South Central had the lowest proportion of employed persons, 
54.0 percent. The ratios in the South Atlantic (58.0 percent) and Pacific 
(58.5 percent) also were appreciably below the national average.

State Employment-Population Ratios

In 2015, the largest employment-population ratio increases among the states 
occurred in Missouri (+1.7 percentage points) and Delaware (+1.5 points). 
Seventeen other states and the District of Columbia also had statistically 
significant increases in their ratios. Four states had significant over-the-year 
decreases in their employment-population ratios, the largest of which occurred 
in North Dakota (-1.6 percentage points). (See table C.)

North Dakota had the highest proportion of employed persons, 69.1 percent in 
2015. Four other states in the West North Central division had the next highest 
ratios: Nebraska, 68.0 percent; Minnesota, 67.6 percent; Iowa, 67.3 percent; 
and South Dakota, 67.2 percent. West Virginia had the lowest employment-population 
ratio among the states, 49.4 percent. (West Virginia has had the lowest 
employment-population ratio each year since the series began in 1976.) Overall, 
25 states and the District of Columbia had employment-population ratios that 
were significantly above the U.S. ratio of 59.3 percent and 17 states had ratios 
that were appreciably below it. Three states had the lowest employment-population 
ratios in their series in 2015: Alaska, 62.7 percent; Kentucky, 53.7 percent; 
and New Mexico, 53.5 percent. (See table D.)

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2016 
is scheduled to be released on Monday, March 14, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2016 is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, March 18, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes, 
2014-15 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate           |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            |  rate change  
                                |    2014    |    2015    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Alabama ........................|     6.8    |     6.1    |      -0.7
Arizona ........................|     6.8    |     6.1    |       -.7
Arkansas .......................|     6.1    |     5.2    |       -.9
California .....................|     7.5    |     6.2    |      -1.3
Colorado .......................|     5.0    |     3.9    |      -1.1
Connecticut ....................|     6.6    |     5.6    |      -1.0
Delaware .......................|     5.7    |     4.9    |       -.8
District of Columbia ...........|     7.8    |     6.9    |       -.9
Florida ........................|     6.3    |     5.4    |       -.9
Georgia ........................|     7.1    |     5.9    |      -1.2
                                |            |            |
Hawaii .........................|     4.4    |     3.6    |       -.8
Idaho ..........................|     4.8    |     4.1    |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     7.1    |     5.9    |      -1.2
Indiana ........................|     5.9    |     4.8    |      -1.1
Iowa ...........................|     4.2    |     3.7    |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     6.5    |     5.4    |      -1.1
Maine ..........................|     5.6    |     4.4    |      -1.2
Maryland .......................|     5.8    |     5.2    |       -.6
Massachusetts ..................|     5.7    |     5.0    |       -.7
Michigan .......................|     7.3    |     5.4    |      -1.9
                                |            |            |
Minnesota ......................|     4.2    |     3.7    |       -.5
Mississippi ....................|     7.6    |     6.5    |      -1.1
Missouri .......................|     6.2    |     5.0    |      -1.2
Montana ........................|     4.7    |     4.1    |       -.6
Nevada .........................|     7.9    |     6.7    |      -1.2
New Hampshire ..................|     4.3    |     3.4    |       -.9
New Jersey .....................|     6.7    |     5.6    |      -1.1
New York .......................|     6.3    |     5.3    |      -1.0
North Carolina .................|     6.3    |     5.7    |       -.6
Ohio ...........................|     5.8    |     4.9    |       -.9
                                |            |            |
Oregon .........................|     6.8    |     5.7    |      -1.1
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.9    |     5.1    |       -.8
Rhode Island ...................|     7.7    |     6.0    |      -1.7
Tennessee ......................|     6.5    |     5.8    |       -.7
Texas ..........................|     5.1    |     4.5    |       -.6
Vermont ........................|     4.0    |     3.7    |       -.3
Virginia .......................|     5.2    |     4.4    |       -.8
Washington .....................|     6.1    |     5.7    |       -.4
Wisconsin ......................|     5.4    |     4.6    |       -.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table B. States with unemployment rates significantly differ-
ent from that of the U.S., 2015 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           5.3
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           6.1
Alaska ..............................|           6.5
Arizona .............................|           6.1
California ..........................|           6.2
Colorado ............................|           3.9
District of Columbia ................|           6.9
Georgia .............................|           5.9
Hawaii ..............................|           3.6
Idaho ...............................|           4.1
Illinois ............................|           5.9
                                     |
Iowa ................................|           3.7
Kansas ..............................|           4.2
Louisiana ...........................|           6.3
Maine ...............................|           4.4
Minnesota ...........................|           3.7
Mississippi .........................|           6.5
Montana .............................|           4.1
Nebraska ............................|           3.0
Nevada ..............................|           6.7
New Hampshire .......................|           3.4
                                     |
New Mexico ..........................|           6.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.7
Ohio ................................|           4.9
Oklahoma ............................|           4.2
Rhode Island ........................|           6.0
South Carolina ......................|           6.0
South Dakota ........................|           3.1
Texas ...............................|           4.5
Utah ................................|           3.5
Vermont .............................|           3.7
                                     |
Virginia ............................|           4.4
West Virginia .......................|           6.7
Wisconsin ...........................|           4.6
Wyoming .............................|           4.2
--------------------------------------------------------------



Table C. States with statistically significant employment-population 
ratio changes, 2014-15 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Ratio          |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            | ratio change  
                                |    2014    |    2015    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Arkansas .......................|    53.6    |    54.8    |       1.2
California .....................|    57.7    |    58.3    |        .6
Delaware .......................|    57.9    |    59.4    |       1.5
District of Columbia ...........|    64.0    |    65.3    |       1.3
Hawaii .........................|    59.0    |    59.7    |        .7
Illinois .......................|    60.2    |    60.9    |        .7
Indiana ........................|    59.6    |    60.7    |       1.1
Kentucky .......................|    54.8    |    53.7    |      -1.1
Maryland .......................|    62.9    |    63.4    |        .5
Michigan .......................|    56.2    |    57.1    |        .9
                                |            |            |
Minnesota ......................|    67.1    |    67.6    |        .5
Mississippi ....................|    50.8    |    52.2    |       1.4
Missouri .......................|    60.7    |    62.4    |       1.7
Montana ........................|    60.9    |    61.4    |        .5
Nebraska .......................|    68.4    |    68.0    |       -.4
Nevada .........................|    58.4    |    58.9    |        .5
New Jersey .....................|    59.7    |    60.5    |        .8
New York .......................|    57.0    |    57.9    |        .9
North Dakota ...................|    70.7    |    69.1    |      -1.6
Oklahoma .......................|    58.3    |    59.3    |       1.0
                                |            |            |
Pennsylvania ...................|    58.9    |    59.6    |        .7
Rhode Island ...................|    60.2    |    61.0    |        .8
South Carolina .................|    55.1    |    55.5    |        .4
Texas ..........................|    61.4    |    60.9    |       -.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table D. States with employment-population ratios significantly
different from that of the U.S., 2015 annual averages
----------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Ratio          
----------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           59.3
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           53.0
Alaska ..............................|           62.7
Arizona .............................|           56.1
Arkansas ............................|           54.8
California ..........................|           58.3
Colorado ............................|           64.1
Connecticut .........................|           62.0
District of Columbia ................|           65.3
Florida .............................|           56.1
Georgia .............................|           57.7
                                     |
Idaho ...............................|           61.3
Illinois ............................|           60.9
Indiana .............................|           60.7
Iowa ................................|           67.3
Kansas ..............................|           65.0
Kentucky ............................|           53.7
Louisiana ...........................|           56.7
Maryland ............................|           63.4
Massachusetts .......................|           61.7
Michigan ............................|           57.1
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           67.6
Mississippi .........................|           52.2
Missouri ............................|           62.4
Montana .............................|           61.4
Nebraska ............................|           68.0
New Hampshire .......................|           66.0
New Jersey ..........................|           60.5
New Mexico ..........................|           53.5
New York ............................|           57.9
North Carolina ......................|           57.7
                                     |
North Dakota ........................|           69.1
Oregon ..............................|           57.6
Rhode Island ........................|           61.0
South Carolina ......................|           55.5
South Dakota ........................|           67.2
Tennessee ...........................|           55.9
Texas ...............................|           60.9
Utah ................................|           65.7
Vermont .............................|           64.4
Virginia ............................|           62.3
                                     |
West Virginia .......................|           49.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           64.8
Wyoming .............................|           64.9
----------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note

This release presents labor force and unemployment data for census regions 
and divisions and states from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) 
program. The LAUS program is a federal-state cooperative endeavor.

Concepts

Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same 
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates 
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of 
households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by 
the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment 
on a place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian 
noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are 
those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the 
week including the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without 
pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from 
which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons 
as labor management dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are 
those who were not employed during the reference week (based on the 
definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week 
period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for 
work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to 
be counted as unemployed. The labor force is the sum of employed and 
unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed 
expressed as a percent of the labor force. The employment-population ratio 
is the proportion of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of 
age and older that is employed.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 of the 50 states, the District of 
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New 
York City, and the balances of California and New York State are produced 
using estimating equations based on regression techniques. This method 
utilizes data from several sources, including the CPS, the Current 
Employment Statistics (CES) survey of nonfarm payroll employment, and 
state unemployment insurance (UI) programs. Estimates for the State of 
California are derived by summing the estimates for the Los Angeles-Long 
Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of California. 
Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the 
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates 
for all nine census divisions are based on a similar regression approach 
that does not incorporate CES or UI data. Estimates for census regions 
are obtained by summing the model-based estimates for the component 
divisions and then calculating the unemployment rate. Each month, census 
division estimates are controlled to national totals; state estimates 
are then controlled to their respective division totals. A detailed 
description of the estimation procedures is available from BLS upon 
request. 

Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years 
reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year. The adjusted 
estimates incorporate updated population controls from the U.S. Census 
Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model re-estimation. 
The population controls reflect extrapolation from the 2010 Census. In 
most years, historical data for the most recent 5 years (both seasonally 
adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of 
each calendar year, prior to the release of January estimates. Though 
the labor force estimates typically are updated for 5 years, the 
population estimates are revised back to the decennial estimates base 
(April 2010).

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, 
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and 
other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--
that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than 
the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to 
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data 
collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived 
from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the 
specific estimation processes used. In table 1, level estimates for 
states may not sum to level estimates for regions and divisions because 
of rounding. Unemployment rates and employment-population ratios are 
computed from unrounded levels and, thus, may differ slightly from rates 
and ratios computed using the rounded level estimates displayed in table 1.

Use of error measures. The introductory section of this release preserves 
the long-time practice of highlighting the direction of the movements in 
regional and state unemployment rates and employment-population ratios 
regardless of their statistical significance. The remainder of the 
analysis in the release--other than historical highs and lows--takes 
statistical significance into consideration. Model-based error measures 
are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. BLS uses 90-percent 
confidence levels in determining whether changes in LAUS unemployment 
rates and employment-population ratios are statistically significant. The 
average magnitude of the over-the-year change in an annual state 
unemployment rate that is required in order to be statistically significant 
at the 90-percent confidence level is about 0.4 percentage point. The 
average magnitude of the over-the-year change in an annual state employment-
population ratio that is required in order to be statistically significant 
at the 90-percent confidence level is about 0.6 percentage point. Measures 
of nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1.  Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over by region, division, and state,
2014-15 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                    Population      Civilian labor       Employed         Unemployed     Unemployment                
                                                        force                                                rate      Error range of
  Region, division, and state                                                                                          rate, 2015 (1)
                                                                                                                                     
                                  2014     2015     2014     2015     2014     2015      2014     2015    2014   2015                
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     

     United States.............  247,947  250,801  155,922  157,130  146,305  148,834    9,617    8,296    6.2    5.3    5.2  -  5.4

Northeast......................   44,890   45,078   28,285   28,425   26,543   26,941    1,742    1,483    6.2    5.2    5.0  -  5.4
   New England.................   11,854   11,918    7,785    7,778    7,328    7,392      457      385    5.9    5.0    4.7  -  5.2
      Connecticut..............    2,866    2,873    1,886    1,888    1,762    1,782      125      106    6.6    5.6    5.1  -  6.2
      Maine....................    1,089    1,092      697      680      657      650       39       30    5.6    4.4    3.9  -  4.9
      Massachusetts............    5,454    5,499    3,557    3,570    3,353    3,392      204      178    5.7    5.0    4.6  -  5.4
      New Hampshire............    1,079    1,084      741      741      709      716       32       25    4.3    3.4    3.0  -  3.8
      Rhode Island.............      852      855      556      555      513      521       43       33    7.7    6.0    5.3  -  6.6
      Vermont..................      515      515      348      344      334      332       14       13    4.0    3.7    3.3  -  4.0

   Middle Atlantic.............   33,036   33,160   20,500   20,647   19,215   19,549    1,286    1,098    6.3    5.3    5.1  -  5.5
      New Jersey...............    7,055    7,090    4,514    4,544    4,210    4,289      304      255    6.7    5.6    5.2  -  6.1
      New York.................   15,771   15,837    9,595    9,679    8,989    9,166      606      513    6.3    5.3    5.0  -  5.6
      Pennsylvania.............   10,209   10,232    6,391    6,424    6,016    6,094      376      330    5.9    5.1    4.8  -  5.5

Midwest........................   52,865   53,093   34,391   34,529   32,383   32,860    2,008    1,669    5.8    4.8    4.7  -  5.0
   East North Central..........   36,619   36,737   23,287   23,324   21,790   22,104    1,497    1,220    6.4    5.2    5.0  -  5.4
      Illinois.................   10,049   10,059    6,515    6,512    6,054    6,126      461      386    7.1    5.9    5.5  -  6.3
      Indiana..................    5,097    5,125    3,228    3,266    3,036    3,109      192      157    5.9    4.8    4.3  -  5.3
      Michigan.................    7,848    7,874    4,754    4,751    4,408    4,493      346      258    7.3    5.4    5.0  -  5.9
      Ohio.....................    9,092    9,124    5,703    5,700    5,373    5,423      330      277    5.8    4.9    4.5  -  5.3
      Wisconsin................    4,534    4,554    3,086    3,095    2,919    2,953      167      143    5.4    4.6    4.1  -  5.1

   West North Central..........   16,246   16,356   11,104   11,204   10,593   10,756      511      448    4.6    4.0    3.8  -  4.2
      Iowa.....................    2,421    2,435    1,698    1,701    1,626    1,639       71       62    4.2    3.7    3.2  -  4.1
      Kansas...................    2,196    2,208    1,494    1,499    1,426    1,436       68       63    4.6    4.2    3.8  -  4.7
      Minnesota................    4,258    4,289    2,983    3,010    2,859    2,899      124      112    4.2    3.7    3.3  -  4.1
      Missouri.................    4,718    4,744    3,052    3,114    2,864    2,958      188      156    6.2    5.0    4.5  -  5.5
      Nebraska.................    1,435    1,446    1,014    1,013      981      983       33       30    3.3    3.0    2.6  -  3.4
      North Dakota.............      572      584      415      414      404      403       11       11    2.7    2.7    2.4  -  3.0
      South Dakota.............      647      652      449      452      433      438       15       14    3.4    3.1    2.7  -  3.6

South..........................   92,514   93,789   57,020   57,351   53,595   54,323    3,425    3,028    6.0    5.3    5.2  -  5.4
   South Atlantic..............   49,022   49,719   30,276   30,506   28,383   28,841    1,892    1,665    6.3    5.5    5.3  -  5.6
      Delaware.................      739      749      454      467      428      445       26       23    5.7    4.9    4.4  -  5.4
      District of Columbia.....      545      554      378      388      349      362       29       27    7.8    6.9    6.4  -  7.4
      Florida..................   15,995   16,313    9,607    9,675    8,999    9,153      607      522    6.3    5.4    5.1  -  5.7
      Georgia..................    7,673    7,783    4,754    4,771    4,417    4,491      337      280    7.1    5.9    5.4  -  6.3
      Maryland.................    4,683    4,716    3,128    3,152    2,947    2,988      182      164    5.8    5.2    4.7  -  5.7
      North Carolina...........    7,689    7,792    4,691    4,769    4,396    4,495      294      274    6.3    5.7    5.3  -  6.2
      South Carolina...........    3,761    3,823    2,217    2,257    2,074    2,123      143      135    6.4    6.0    5.4  -  6.5
      Virginia.................    6,453    6,509    4,258    4,240    4,036    4,052      222      189    5.2    4.4    4.0  -  4.9
      West Virginia............    1,483    1,481      790      785      737      732       52       53    6.6    6.7    6.2  -  7.3

   East South Central..........   14,598   14,692    8,463    8,435    7,893    7,939      570      496    6.7    5.9    5.6  -  6.2
      Alabama..................    3,785    3,803    2,161    2,146    2,014    2,015      147      131    6.8    6.1    5.6  -  6.6
      Kentucky.................    3,424    3,441    2,006    1,953    1,876    1,848      130      105    6.5    5.4    4.8  -  6.0
      Mississippi..............    2,274    2,281    1,249    1,273    1,155    1,190       94       83    7.6    6.5    5.9  -  7.1
      Tennessee................    5,115    5,167    3,047    3,063    2,848    2,886      199      177    6.5    5.8    5.3  -  6.3

   West South Central..........   28,895   29,379   18,282   18,411   17,319   17,544      963      867    5.3    4.7    4.5  -  4.9
      Arkansas.................    2,286    2,299    1,304    1,330    1,224    1,261       80       69    6.1    5.2    4.7  -  5.7
      Louisiana................    3,550    3,573    2,157    2,160    2,019    2,025      138      135    6.4    6.3    5.7  -  6.8
      Oklahoma.................    2,946    2,975    1,798    1,842    1,717    1,764       81       78    4.5    4.2    3.8  -  4.7
      Texas....................   20,113   20,531   13,023   13,078   12,359   12,494      664      584    5.1    4.5    4.2  -  4.7

West...........................   58,221   59,050   36,566   36,954   34,102   34,831    2,463    2,123    6.7    5.7    5.6  -  5.9
   Mountain....................   17,733   18,045   11,271   11,417   10,618   10,838      653      579    5.8    5.1    4.8  -  5.3
      Arizona..................    5,179    5,275    3,097    3,153    2,886    2,960      211      193    6.8    6.1    5.6  -  6.7
      Colorado.................    4,148    4,240    2,815    2,829    2,675    2,719      141      110    5.0    3.9    3.4  -  4.3
      Idaho....................    1,229    1,248      781      797      744      764       38       33    4.8    4.1    3.7  -  4.6
      Montana..................      808      816      516      523      492      501       24       22    4.7    4.1    3.7  -  4.5
      Nevada...................    2,210    2,256    1,402    1,426    1,291    1,330      111       96    7.9    6.7    6.1  -  7.4
      New Mexico...............    1,602    1,607      921      920      859      859       62       61    6.7    6.6    6.0  -  7.2
      Utah.....................    2,106    2,151    1,432    1,464    1,377    1,412       55       52    3.8    3.5    3.1  -  4.0
      Wyoming..................      451      452      307      306      294      293       13       13    4.1    4.2    3.7  -  4.6

   Pacific.....................   40,488   41,005   25,294   25,537   23,484   23,993    1,810    1,544    7.2    6.0    5.8  -  6.3
      Alaska...................      540      542      366      364      341      340       25       24    6.9    6.5    5.8  -  7.1
      California...............   30,163   30,523   18,828   18,982   17,418   17,799    1,410    1,183    7.5    6.2    6.0  -  6.5
      Hawaii...................    1,084    1,093      668      677      639      653       29       25    4.4    3.6    3.2  -  4.0
      Oregon...................    3,173    3,225    1,939    1,969    1,807    1,857      132      112    6.8    5.7    5.1  -  6.3
      Washington...............    5,529    5,622    3,493    3,544    3,279    3,344      214      200    6.1    5.7    5.2  -  6.1

   1 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. Data for subnational
areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they do not sum to U.S. totals.




Table 2.  Employment-population ratios of persons 16 years of age and over by region, division,
and state, 2014-15 annual averages

(Percent)
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                   Employment-population                                        
                                         ratio (1)        Over-the-       Error range of       
  Region, division, and state                               year                ratio,
                                                           change              2015 (2)          
                                      2014       2015                                           
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
     United States.............       59.0       59.3        0.3          59.2    -    59.5

Northeast......................       59.1       59.8         .7          59.3    -    60.2
   New England.................       61.8       62.0         .2          61.3    -    62.7
      Connecticut..............       61.5       62.0         .5          60.6    -    63.4
      Maine....................       60.3       59.5        -.8          58.1    -    61.0
      Massachusetts............       61.5       61.7         .2          60.6    -    62.8
      New Hampshire............       65.7       66.0         .3          65.0    -    67.0
      Rhode Island.............       60.2       61.0         .8          59.9    -    62.2
      Vermont..................       64.9       64.4        -.5          63.2    -    65.6

   Middle Atlantic.............       58.2       59.0         .8          58.4    -    59.5
      New Jersey...............       59.7       60.5         .8          59.6    -    61.4
      New York.................       57.0       57.9         .9          57.1    -    58.7
      Pennsylvania.............       58.9       59.6         .7          58.8    -    60.3

Midwest........................       61.3       61.9         .6          61.5    -    62.3
   East North Central..........       59.5       60.2         .7          59.6    -    60.7
      Illinois.................       60.2       60.9         .7          60.0    -    61.8
      Indiana..................       59.6       60.7        1.1          59.4    -    61.9
      Michigan.................       56.2       57.1         .9          56.0    -    58.1
      Ohio.....................       59.1       59.4         .3          58.4    -    60.4
      Wisconsin................       64.4       64.8         .4          63.5    -    66.2

   West North Central..........       65.2       65.8         .6          65.1    -    66.4
      Iowa.....................       67.2       67.3         .1          66.0    -    68.6
      Kansas...................       64.9       65.0         .1          63.8    -    66.3
      Minnesota................       67.1       67.6         .5          66.5    -    68.7
      Missouri.................       60.7       62.4        1.7          61.0    -    63.7
      Nebraska.................       68.4       68.0        -.4          67.0    -    68.9
      North Dakota.............       70.7       69.1       -1.6          67.6    -    70.5
      South Dakota.............       67.0       67.2         .2          66.0    -    68.4

South..........................       57.9       57.9         .0          57.6    -    58.2
   South Atlantic..............       57.9       58.0         .1          57.6    -    58.4
      Delaware.................       57.9       59.4        1.5          58.1    -    60.6
      District of Columbia.....       64.0       65.3        1.3          64.2    -    66.4
      Florida..................       56.3       56.1        -.2          55.4    -    56.8
      Georgia..................       57.6       57.7         .1          56.8    -    58.6
      Maryland.................       62.9       63.4         .5          62.4    -    64.3
      North Carolina...........       57.2       57.7         .5          56.7    -    58.7
      South Carolina...........       55.1       55.5         .4          54.7    -    56.4
      Virginia.................       62.6       62.3        -.3          61.1    -    63.4
      West Virginia............       49.7       49.4        -.3          48.1    -    50.8

   East South Central..........       54.1       54.0        -.1          53.3    -    54.8
      Alabama..................       53.2       53.0        -.2          51.9    -    54.1
      Kentucky.................       54.8       53.7       -1.1          52.3    -    55.1
      Mississippi..............       50.8       52.2        1.4          50.9    -    53.4
      Tennessee................       55.7       55.9         .2          54.7    -    57.1

   West South Central..........       59.9       59.7        -.2          59.1    -    60.3
      Arkansas.................       53.6       54.8        1.2          53.7    -    55.9
      Louisiana................       56.9       56.7        -.2          55.6    -    57.7
      Oklahoma.................       58.3       59.3        1.0          58.0    -    60.6
      Texas....................       61.4       60.9        -.5          60.1    -    61.6

West...........................       58.6       59.0         .4          58.6    -    59.3
   Mountain....................       59.9       60.1         .2          59.4    -    60.7
      Arizona..................       55.7       56.1         .4          54.9    -    57.3
      Colorado.................       64.5       64.1        -.4          62.7    -    65.5
      Idaho....................       60.5       61.3         .8          59.9    -    62.6
      Montana..................       60.9       61.4         .5          60.2    -    62.6
      Nevada...................       58.4       58.9         .5          57.8    -    60.1
      New Mexico...............       53.6       53.5        -.1          52.3    -    54.7
      Utah.....................       65.4       65.7         .3          64.5    -    66.9
      Wyoming..................       65.3       64.9        -.4          63.5    -    66.3

   Pacific.....................       58.0       58.5         .5          58.1    -    58.9
      Alaska...................       63.1       62.7        -.4          60.9    -    64.6
      California...............       57.7       58.3         .6          57.9    -    58.8
      Hawaii...................       59.0       59.7         .7          58.6    -    60.9
      Oregon...................       57.0       57.6         .6          56.5    -    58.7
      Washington...............       59.3       59.5         .2          58.5    -    60.5

   1 Employment as a percent of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age
and over.
   2 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded
data.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Employment-population ratios are based on
unrounded levels. Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model
reestimation.




Last Modified Date: February 26, 2016