Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, March 30, 2016                       USDL-16-0661

Technical information: (202) 691-6569  *  oesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2015


Healthcare occupations had employment of 12 million in May 2015, representing nearly
9 percent of total national employment, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Registered nurses, with more than 2.7 million jobs, was the largest healthcare
occupation. The largest healthcare occupations also included nursing assistants (1.4
million), home health aides (820,630), and licensed practical and licensed vocational
nurses (697,250).

The data in this news release are the May 2015 employment and wage estimates from the
Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program. These
estimates cover over 800 occupations for the nation, states, and nearly 600 metropolitan
and nonmetropolitan areas; and for more than 460 industry classifications at the national
level.

Some healthcare occupations were among the highest paying occupations overall, including
several physician and dentist occupations. Nurse anesthetists, with an annual mean wage
of $160,250; podiatrists ($136,180); and pharmacists ($119,270) also were among the
highest paying healthcare occupations. The lowest paying healthcare occupations included
home health aides ($22,870) and veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers
($25,940). National employment and wage information for all occupations is shown in
table 1.

Highlights from the May 2015 OES data:

Production occupations

   --Production occupations had total employment of nearly 9.1 million and an annual
     mean wage of $36,220 across all industries. (See table 1.) Among manufacturing
     industries, the pay for these occupations varied widely.

   --Manufacturing industries with the highest wages for production occupations
     included petroleum and coal products manufacturing ($62,140) and basic chemical
     manufacturing ($55,230).

   --Manufacturing industries with the lowest wages for production occupations
     included seafood product preparation and packaging ($25,860), animal
     slaughtering and processing ($27,460), and several apparel, textile, and
     leather products industries.

   --Production occupations made up 6.6 percent of national employment, but over
     11 percent of employment in Wisconsin and nearly 13 percent of employment in
     Indiana.

   --Production occupations made up 35 percent of employment in Elkhart-Goshen, Ind.,
     the highest employment share of any metropolitan area. Dalton, Ga.; Columbus,
     Ind.; and Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, N.C., also were among the metropolitan areas
     with the highest shares of production occupations.

OES national industry-specific data are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm,
respectively.

Construction and extraction occupations

   --Construction and extraction occupations had employment of 5.5 million, representing
     nearly 4 percent of national employment. (See table 1.)

   --Construction laborers (887,580), carpenters (639,190), and electricians (592,230)
     were the largest construction occupations. (See table 1.)

   --States with the highest concentrations of construction and extraction occupations
     included Wyoming and North Dakota, which each had nearly three times as many
     construction and extraction jobs as a share of total employment than the United
     States as a whole.

   --Metropolitan areas with the highest concentrations of construction and extraction
     occupations included several areas in Texas; Farmington, N.M.; and Greeley, Colo.

Typical entry-level education

   --Sixty-four percent of employment was in occupations that typically require either
     a high school diploma or equivalent or no formal educational credential for entry,
     such as retail sales occupations, general office clerks, and customer service
     representatives.

   --Occupations typically requiring a bachelor's degree for entry made up 21 percent
     of national employment, but nearly 42 percent of employment in the District of
     Columbia and over 26 percent of employment in Massachusetts.

   --States with the lowest shares of occupations typically requiring a bachelor's
     degree for entry included Nevada (15 percent) and North Dakota (16 percent). 

   --Average wages were generally higher for occupations that require more education.
     Annual mean wages were $25,000 for occupations that typically require no formal
     educational credential for entry, $41,730 for occupations typically requiring
     high school or the equivalent, and $53,730 for occupations typically requiring
     an associate's degree.

   --The annual mean wage for occupations that typically require a bachelor's degree
     for entry was $82,260 nationally, but varied from $60,240 in Montana to $104,840
     in the District of Columbia.

Additional charts of employment and wages by typical entry-level educational requirement
are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2015.htm.

STEM occupations

   --There were nearly 8.6 million science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
     (STEM) jobs representing 6.2 percent of total U.S. employment. 

   --Seven of the 10 largest STEM occupations were related to computers, and included
     applications software developers (747,730) and computer user support specialists
     (585,060). (See table 1.)

   --Areas with the highest employment shares of STEM occupations included California-
     Lexington Park, Md. (nearly 23 percent of employment), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-
     Santa Clara, Calif. (22 percent).

   --STEM occupations were less prevalent (approximately 1 percent of employment) in
     Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas; Gadsden, Ala.; and Ocean City, N.J.

   --STEM occupations had an annual mean wage of $87,570, compared with $45,700 for
     non-STEM occupations. Ninety-three of the 100 STEM occupations had mean wages
     significantly above the all-occupations average of $48,320. (See table 1.)

   --The highest paying STEM occupations included petroleum engineers ($149,590),
     physicists ($118,500), and the three STEM-related management occupations. (See
     table 1.)

   --The lowest paying STEM occupations included forest and conservation technicians
     ($38,260) and agricultural and food science technicians ($39,000). (See table 1.)

Additional STEM charts are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2015.htm.

Largest occupations

   --The largest occupations overall were retail salespersons (4.6 million) and
     cashiers (3.5 million). Retail salespersons also was the largest occupation in
     36 of the 50 states. (See table 1.)

   --The largest occupations nationally also included combined food preparation and
     serving workers (3.2 million), general office clerks (2.9 million), registered
     nurses (2.7 million), and customer service representatives (2.6 million). (See
     table 1.)

   --Most of the largest occupations were relatively low paying. For example, retail
     salespersons ($26,340), cashiers ($20,990), and combined food preparation and
     serving workers ($19,710) all had annual mean wages significantly below the
     all-occupations average. (See table 1.)

   --Registered nurses was the largest occupation with an above-average wage
     ($71,000). (See table 1.)

Public sector occupations

   --The public sector made up nearly 16 percent of employment and had a different
     occupational mix from the private sector.

   --Many of the largest public sector occupations were related to education,
     including elementary school teachers, except special education (public sector
     employment of 1.2 million); teacher assistants (956,850); and secondary school
     teachers, except special and career/technical education (847,520).

   --Police and sheriff's patrol officers (647,880), general office clerks (521,180),
     and correctional officers and jailers (407,050) also were among the occupations
     with the highest public sector employment.

   OES data by ownership are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

More information

The Occupational Employment Statistics program produces employment and wage estimates for
over 800 occupations for all industries combined in the nation; the 50 states and the
District of Columbia; 432 metropolitan areas and divisions; 167 nonmetropolitan areas;
and Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. National estimates are also available
by industry for NAICS sectors, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industries, and by
ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. Additional OES data are
available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

This release contains data on STEM occupations. A list of occupations included in the 
STEM definition used for this release is available at www.bls.gov/oes/stem_list.xlsx.
Data on employment by the typical education level required to enter an occupation are
based on education and training categories from the BLS Employment Projections program.
Education and training levels assigned to each occupation are available at
www.bls.gov/emp/ep_table_112.htm.


  ______________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                      |
 |                      Introduction of New Metropolitan Area Definitions               |
 |                                                                                      |
 |With the issuance of data for May 2015, the OES program has incorporated redefined    |
 |metropolitan area definitions as designated by the Office of Management and Budget.   |
 |OES data are available for 394 metropolitan areas, 38 metropolitan divisions, and 167 |
 |OES-defined nonmetropolitan areas. A listing of the areas and their definitions can be|
 |found at www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.                                         |
 |______________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note

Scope of the survey

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey
measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in
nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS
include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation;
over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan
statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and 
territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-,
and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership
across all industries and for schools and hospitals.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce
Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical
support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES
estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments.
Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000
sampled establishments, one panel in May and the other in November. The May 2015
estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a
3-year period: May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, and
November 2012. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on
the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73.5 percent based on establishments
and 69.6 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment
of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately
57.9 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for
these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.)

The occupational coding system

The OES survey categorizes workers into 821 detailed occupations based on the Office
of Management and Budget's 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Together, these detailed occupations make up 22 of the 23 SOC major occupational
groups. Major group 55, Military Specific Occupations, is not included.

For more information about the SOC system, please see the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system

The May 2015 OES estimates use the 2012 North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm. 

The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with the exception 
of logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop production (NAICS 1151), 
and support activities for animal production (NAICS 1152).Private households (NAICS 814)
also are excluded. OES federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and the 
federal executive branch only. All other industries, including state and local government, 
are covered by the survey. 
 
Survey sample

The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI) files.
Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) and Guam
because they do not report to the UI program. The OES survey sample is stratified
by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry, and size.

To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more likely to be
selected than smaller employers. A census is taken of the executive branch of the
federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and state government.

Concepts

Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary employment in an
occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the number of workers who can be
classified as full- or part-time employees, including workers on paid vacations or
other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers,
executives, and staff members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned
to other units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent duty
station, regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck. The survey does not
include the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household
workers, or unpaid family workers.

Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base
rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay,
including commissions and production bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded are
overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer cost
for supplementary benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and
most state governments. For the remaining establishments, the OES survey collects
wage data in 12 intervals. For each occupation, respondents are asked to report the
number of employees paid within specific wage intervals. The intervals are defined
both as hourly rates and the corresponding annual rates, where the annual rate for an
occupation is calculated by multiplying the hourly wage rate by a typical work year of
2,080 hours. The responding establishments are instructed to report the hourly rate
for part-time workers, and to report annual rates for occupations that are typically
paid at an annual rate but do not work 2,080 hours per year, such as teachers, pilots,
and flight attendants. Other workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid
hourly rates, but generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these
workers, only an hourly wage is reported.

Estimation methodology

The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels of data collected
over a 3-year period. Each OES panel includes approximately 200,000 establishments. The
full six-panel sample of nearly 1.2 million establishments allows the production of
estimates at detailed levels of geography, industry, and occupation.

Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by combining six
panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas and occupations. Wages for the
current panel need no adjustment. However, wages in the five previous panels need to be
updated to the current panel's reference period.


The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust survey data from prior
panels before combining them with the current panel's data. The wage updating procedure
adjusts each detailed occupation's wage rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according
to the average movement of its broader occupational division.

Imputation. About 25 percent of establishments do not respond for a given panel. For most
employers, a "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to impute missing
occupational employment totals. A variant of mean imputation is used to impute missing
wage distributions. In some cases, data for current panel nonrespondents are available
from earlier panels. In those cases, the older data may be used and aged to represent
the current reference period. 

Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to represent all
establishments for the reference period. Weights are further adjusted by the ratio of
employment totals (the average of November 2014 and May 2015 employment) from the BLS
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages to employment totals from the OES survey.

Changes and special procedures for the May 2015 estimates

With the issuance of data for May 2015, the OES program has incorporated redefined
metropolitan area definitions as designated by the Office of Management and Budget.
OES data are available for 394 metropolitan areas, 38 metropolitan divisions, and 167
OES-defined nonmetropolitan areas. A listing of the areas and their definitions can be
found at www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program, from which the OES sample is
drawn, has recently begun coding some establishments that were historically found in
NAICS 814110 Private Households to NAICS 624120 Services for the Elderly and Persons
with Disabilities. Private households are out of scope for OES, so this shift caused a
scope increase for OES in NAICS 624120. Because this scope increase affected only the
three most recent of the six survey panels used to produce the May 2015 OES estimates, 
the units that shifted industries were removed from the survey data and not used in estimation.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey
is available in the Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.




Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2015
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                          Median
                                     Occupation                                         Employment        Mean wages      hourly
                                                                                                     Hourly    Annual(1)   wages
                                                                                                                                
All occupations                                                                        137,896,660   $23.23    $48,320    $17.40
                                                                                                                                
Management occupations                                                                   6,936,990    55.30    115,020     47.38
   Top executives.....................................................................   2,439,900    59.71    124,210     48.53
    Chief executives..................................................................     238,940    89.35    185,850     84.19
    General and operations managers...................................................   2,145,140    57.44    119,460     46.99
    Legislators.......................................................................      55,820     ()      42,530      () 
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........     647,360    63.30    131,670     56.16
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................      29,340    54.62    113,610     46.10
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................     557,640    64.40    133,950     57.35
     Marketing managers...............................................................     192,890    67.63    140,660     61.90
     Sales managers...................................................................     364,750    62.69    130,400     54.74
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................      60,380    57.40    119,390     50.07
   Operations specialties managers....................................................   1,663,790    58.12    120,900     52.05
    Administrative services managers..................................................     270,080    45.60     94,840     41.40
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................     341,250    67.79    141,000     63.27
    Financial managers................................................................     531,120    64.58    134,330     56.73
    Industrial production managers....................................................     169,390    49.87    103,720     45.17
    Purchasing managers...............................................................      72,600    54.87    114,130     51.98
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................     109,210    45.74     95,130     41.65
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................      15,930    58.48    121,630     53.57
    Human resources managers..........................................................     122,780    56.29    117,080     50.21
    Training and development managers.................................................      31,430    53.69    111,680     49.35
   Other management occupations.......................................................   2,185,950    45.85     95,360     41.29
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................       4,370    33.60     69,880     30.85
    Construction managers.............................................................     239,640    46.88     97,510     42.02
    Education administrators..........................................................     449,430    43.74     90,970     41.01
     Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................      46,760    25.37     52,760     21.96
     Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................     235,110     ()      92,940      () 
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     135,690    49.33    102,610     42.59
     Education administrators, all other..............................................      31,880    39.89     82,970     36.99
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................     179,770    68.10    141,650     63.85
    Food service managers.............................................................     201,370    25.79     53,640     23.41
    Funeral service managers..........................................................       8,300    40.61     84,470     34.08
    Gaming managers...................................................................       3,950    37.39     77,770     32.88
    Lodging managers..................................................................      35,480    27.79     57,810     23.91
    Medical and health services managers..............................................     314,950    50.99    106,070     45.43
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................      53,450    65.66    136,570     57.77
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................      14,770    33.92     70,540     33.96
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................     174,410    32.81     68,240     26.63
    Social and community service managers.............................................     119,770    33.38     69,430     30.54
    Emergency management directors....................................................       9,840    35.46     73,750     32.37
    Managers, all other...............................................................     376,440    53.47    111,230     50.41
                                                                                                                                
Business and financial operations occupations                                            7,032,560    35.48     73,800     31.59
   Business operations specialists....................................................   4,424,800    34.09     70,900     31.01
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................      13,230    46.06     95,810     30.26
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................     414,900    30.85     64,170     28.66
     Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................      12,160    29.94     62,280     27.05
     Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................     111,200    28.50     59,270     25.45
     Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................     291,540    31.79     66,120     29.91
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................     286,870    30.94     64,350     30.32
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     271,600    30.91     64,300     30.28
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................      15,270    31.39     65,300     30.78
    Compliance officers...............................................................     257,010    33.26     69,180     31.56
    Cost estimators...................................................................     216,270    31.16     64,810     29.03
    Human resources workers...........................................................     571,640    30.42     63,280     28.06
     Human resources specialists......................................................     491,090    30.63     63,710     28.06
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................       1,230    21.11     43,920     14.86
     Labor relations specialists......................................................      79,330    29.30     60,930     28.28
    Logisticians......................................................................     133,770    37.25     77,470     35.70
    Management analysts...............................................................     614,110    44.12     91,770     39.10
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................      87,400    24.62     51,200     22.52
    Fundraisers.......................................................................      62,720    27.49     57,170     25.47
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................      79,780    31.30     65,100     29.26
    Training and development specialists..............................................     254,060    30.03     62,460     27.99
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................     506,420    33.67     70,030     29.88
    Business operations specialists, all other........................................     926,610    35.33     73,480     32.77
   Financial specialists..............................................................   2,607,760    37.85     78,730     32.57
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................   1,226,910    36.19     75,280     32.30
    Appraisers and assessors of real estate...........................................      60,290    28.08     58,400     24.93
    Budget analysts...................................................................      56,300    36.13     75,150     34.42
    Credit analysts...................................................................      70,840    38.33     79,720     33.50
    Financial analysts and advisors...................................................     555,900    47.95     99,730     38.15
     Financial analysts...............................................................     268,360    45.83     95,320     38.61
     Personal financial advisors......................................................     197,580    56.76    118,050     42.86
     Insurance underwriters...........................................................      89,960    34.93     72,650     31.27
    Financial examiners...............................................................      44,200    42.46     88,310     37.50
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................     334,380    35.01     72,810     29.29
     Credit counselors................................................................      30,510    23.70     49,310     21.08
     Loan officers....................................................................     303,870    36.14     75,170     30.49
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................     131,700    24.24     50,410     21.56
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................      59,640    27.54     57,280     24.73
     Tax preparers....................................................................      72,060    21.50     44,730     17.53
    Financial specialists, all other..................................................     127,250    34.85     72,480     32.05
                                                                                                                                
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    4,005,250    41.43     86,170     39.15
   Computer occupations...............................................................   3,853,860    41.39     86,090     39.15
    Computer and information research scientists......................................      25,510    55.57    115,580     53.18
    Computer and information analysts.................................................     645,550    43.56     90,600     41.52
     Computer systems analysts........................................................     556,660    43.36     90,180     41.25
     Information security analysts....................................................      88,880    44.83     93,250     43.33
    Software developers and programmers...............................................   1,554,960    47.08     97,930     45.23
     Computer programmers.............................................................     289,420    40.56     84,360     38.24
     Software developers, applications................................................     747,730    49.12    102,160     47.24
     Software developers, systems software............................................     390,750    52.29    108,760     50.76
     Web developers...................................................................     127,070    33.97     70,660     31.23
    Database and systems administrators and network architects........................     634,850    42.02     87,400     39.80
     Database administrators..........................................................     113,770    40.51     84,250     39.29
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................     374,480    39.52     82,200     37.41
     Computer network architects......................................................     146,600    49.57    103,100     48.19
    Computer support specialists......................................................     769,630    26.92     55,980     24.75
     Computer user support specialists................................................     585,060    25.21     52,430     23.38
     Computer network support specialists.............................................     184,570    32.33     67,260     29.93
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................     223,370    41.98     87,310     40.98
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................     151,380    42.33     88,040     39.12
    Actuaries.........................................................................      19,770    53.15    110,560     46.67
    Mathematicians....................................................................       3,170    54.11    112,560     53.42
    Operations research analysts......................................................      95,860    40.47     84,180     37.80
    Statisticians.....................................................................      29,870    40.60     84,440     38.51
    Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations....................................       2,700    34.05     70,820     28.16
     Mathematical technicians.........................................................         820    25.79     53,630     22.40
     Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................       1,880    37.65     78,310     31.83
                                                                                                                                
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,475,390    39.89     82,980     36.96
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................     168,660    35.85     74,580     33.23
    Architects, except naval..........................................................     113,550    38.64     80,370     35.60
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................      93,720    39.83     82,850     36.59
     Landscape architects.............................................................      19,820    32.98     68,600     30.68
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................      55,110    30.12     62,650     28.33
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................      11,970    31.45     65,410     29.75
     Surveyors........................................................................      43,140    29.75     61,880     27.89
   Engineers..........................................................................   1,610,480    45.79     95,240     43.30
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................      66,980    53.16    110,570     51.84
    Agricultural engineers............................................................       2,330    37.73     78,490     36.10
    Biomedical engineers..............................................................      20,890    43.86     91,230     41.45
    Chemical engineers................................................................      32,230    49.98    103,960     46.81
    Civil engineers...................................................................     275,210    42.28     87,940     39.53
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................      75,870    55.27    114,970     53.72
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................     313,970    47.85     99,520     45.78
     Electrical engineers.............................................................     178,580    46.80     97,340     44.71
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     135,390    49.23    102,390     47.24
    Environmental engineers...........................................................      52,600    42.33     88,040     40.65
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................     272,470    41.86     87,070     40.18
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......      24,900    42.21     87,810     40.68
     Industrial engineers.............................................................     247,570    41.82     86,990     40.13
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................       7,600    48.12    100,090     44.76
    Materials engineers...............................................................      27,040    45.53     94,690     43.90
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................     278,340    42.40     88,190     40.19
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................       8,000    51.87    107,880     45.21
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................      16,880    50.99    106,060     49.49
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................      34,600    71.92    149,590     62.49
    Engineers, all other..............................................................     125,460    47.19     98,150     46.11
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................     696,250    27.24     56,650     26.03
    Drafters..........................................................................     205,190    26.84     55,820     25.35
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................      95,280    25.71     53,470     24.38
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................      29,200    30.24     62,890     28.62
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................      65,250    27.22     56,610     25.73
     Drafters, all other..............................................................      15,470    25.80     53,660     23.87
    Engineering technicians, except drafters..........................................     437,440    28.12     58,490     27.14
     Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................      12,890    32.99     68,620     31.82
     Civil engineering technicians....................................................      71,440    24.68     51,330     23.68
     Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................     139,080    29.74     61,870     29.39
     Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................      14,720    27.08     56,320     25.65
     Environmental engineering technicians............................................      17,360    24.60     51,170     23.39
     Industrial engineering technicians...............................................      62,290    27.08     56,320     25.86
     Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................      48,910    27.11     56,390     25.92
     Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................      70,750    30.20     62,820     29.45
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................      53,620    21.54     44,800     20.20
                                                                                                                                
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,146,110    34.24     71,220     29.88
   Life scientists....................................................................     281,440    39.39     81,920     34.66
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................      31,700    33.28     69,230     30.03
     Animal scientists................................................................       2,430    34.53     71,830     29.03
     Food scientists and technologists................................................      14,660    34.63     72,030     31.65
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................      14,610    31.72     65,980     28.87
    Biological scientists.............................................................     101,970    38.27     79,610     34.72
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................      30,800    44.90     93,390     39.50
     Microbiologists..................................................................      21,210    36.65     76,230     32.47
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................      17,910    30.88     64,230     28.69
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................      32,050    37.11     77,190     36.13
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................      28,790    30.22     62,860     28.95
     Conservation scientists..........................................................      20,200    30.67     63,800     29.38
     Foresters........................................................................       8,590    29.16     60,650     28.00
    Medical scientists................................................................     109,900    44.66     92,900     38.97
     Epidemiologists..................................................................       5,460    36.97     76,900     33.39
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     104,440    45.06     93,730     39.54
    Life scientists, all other........................................................       9,070    38.40     79,870     33.92
   Physical scientists................................................................     266,060    40.95     85,180     36.61
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................      17,410    56.57    117,660     53.36
     Astronomers......................................................................       1,760    52.99    110,220     50.05
     Physicists.......................................................................      15,650    56.97    118,500     53.65
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................      10,370    43.37     90,210     43.18
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................      91,520    38.04     79,130     34.91
     Chemists.........................................................................      84,720    37.43     77,860     34.26
     Materials scientists.............................................................       6,790    45.64     94,940     43.75
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................     125,630    39.65     82,480     34.49
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................      87,250    35.55     73,930     32.43
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................      31,800    50.83    105,720     43.13
     Hydrologists.....................................................................       6,580    40.11     83,440     38.24
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................      21,130    47.23     98,240     46.70
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................     239,170    37.75     78,520     34.89
    Economists........................................................................      19,090    52.51    109,230     47.68
    Survey researchers................................................................      13,650    28.53     59,340     25.92
    Psychologists.....................................................................     118,990    37.47     77,950     34.89
     Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................     105,600    36.56     76,040     33.93
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................         990    44.38     92,320     37.19
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................      12,400    44.73     93,050     45.47
    Sociologists......................................................................       2,620    39.47     82,100     35.46
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................      35,480    33.98     70,680     32.80
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................      49,340    37.88     78,790     35.88
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................       6,980    30.91     64,290     29.43
     Geographers......................................................................       1,280    36.02     74,920     35.70
     Historians.......................................................................       3,010    29.38     61,120     26.83
     Political scientists.............................................................       3,910    49.62    103,210     47.95
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................      34,160    38.78     80,650     36.72
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................     359,440    22.90     47,640     20.91
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................      20,260    18.75     39,000     17.54
    Biological technicians............................................................      72,900    21.75     45,230     20.02
    Chemical technicians..............................................................      64,770    23.43     48,730     21.47
    Geological and petroleum technicians..............................................      16,820    29.19     60,710     26.73
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................       6,500    37.91     78,850     38.59
    Social science research assistants................................................      28,060    22.00     45,760     20.42
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................     150,140    22.62     47,040     20.92
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............      34,250    22.38     46,540     20.69
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................      14,070    28.89     60,090     27.08
     Forest and conservation technicians..............................................      29,810    18.40     38,260     17.04
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................      72,020    23.25     48,360     21.78
                                                                                                                                
Community and social service occupations                                                 1,972,140    22.19     46,160     20.20
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....   1,895,770    22.20     46,170     20.21
    Counselors........................................................................     628,820    23.46     48,790     21.71
     Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors...............................      87,090    20.64     42,920     19.22
     Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................     253,460    27.16     56,490     25.80
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................      32,070    25.73     53,520     23.37
     Mental health counselors.........................................................     128,200    21.67     45,080     20.13
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................     101,630    18.29     38,040     16.54
     Counselors, all other............................................................      26,370    23.05     47,950     21.89
    Social workers....................................................................     619,300    23.88     49,670     22.07
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     294,080    22.41     46,610     20.36
     Healthcare social workers........................................................     155,590    25.97     54,020     25.18
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     110,070    22.69     47,190     20.28
     Social workers, all other........................................................      59,570    27.87     57,970     28.15
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................     647,650    19.36     40,270     17.36
     Health educators.................................................................      57,570    27.26     56,690     24.98
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................      87,950    26.00     54,080     23.73
     Social and human service assistants..............................................     359,350    15.96     33,190     14.82
     Community health workers.........................................................      48,130    19.30     40,150     17.45
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................      94,670    21.33     44,370     20.14
   Religious workers..................................................................      76,370    22.12     46,020     19.98
    Clergy............................................................................      48,250    23.15     48,150     21.27
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................      20,280   $21.71     45,160     18.65
    Religious workers, all other......................................................       7,840    16.90     35,160     13.82
                                                                                                                                
Legal occupations                                                                        1,062,370    49.74    103,460     37.58
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................     672,580    63.64    132,380     54.39
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................     622,590    64.76    134,710     54.94
     Lawyers..........................................................................     609,930    65.51    136,260     55.69
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................      12,660    28.81     59,910     24.39
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................      49,990    49.71    103,390     48.01
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................      14,590    44.78     93,140     43.56
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................       6,380    33.20     69,060     27.89
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................      29,020    55.82    116,100     61.03
   Legal support workers..............................................................     389,790    25.75     53,550     23.40
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................     271,930    25.19     52,390     23.47
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................     117,850    27.04     56,250     23.23
     Court reporters..................................................................      17,670    26.31     54,720     23.80
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................      54,620    23.96     49,840     21.33
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................      45,570    31.02     64,530     25.92
                                                                                                                                
Education, training, and library occupations                                             8,542,670    25.48     53,000     22.70
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................   1,531,350     ()      77,480      () 
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................      84,890     ()      92,220      () 
    Math and computer teachers, postsecondary.........................................      87,610     ()      80,140      () 
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................      33,760     ()      84,700      () 
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................      53,850     ()      77,290      () 
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................      44,610     ()     101,040      () 
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................       7,340     ()      84,880      () 
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................      37,270     ()     104,220      () 
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................      62,990     ()      88,240      () 
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       9,680     ()      95,280      () 
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................      51,640     ()      86,830      () 
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................       1,660     ()      91,030      () 
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................      52,200     ()      89,840      () 
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........      10,890     ()      92,540      () 
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................      21,460     ()      86,070      () 
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................       5,540     ()      88,570      () 
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................      14,310     ()      93,950      () 
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................     116,420     ()      84,180      () 
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................       6,000     ()      85,440      () 
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................       9,240     ()      81,700      () 
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................      13,580     ()     106,980      () 
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................       4,350     ()      79,690      () 
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................      17,460     ()      88,680      () 
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................      38,380     ()      79,370      () 
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................      16,160     ()      76,750      () 
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................      11,250     ()      79,820      () 
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................     236,290     ()     104,470      () 
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     178,900     ()     114,510      () 
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................      57,390     ()      73,150      () 
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................      65,160     ()      68,560      () 
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................      60,260     ()      68,200      () 
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................       4,910     ()      73,030      () 
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................      42,720     ()      89,470      () 
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................      14,560     ()      64,460      () 
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................      16,430     ()     126,230      () 
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................      11,740     ()      69,030      () 
    Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary......................     280,710     ()      73,660      () 
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................      98,310     ()      76,710      () 
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................      29,050     ()      70,290      () 
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      75,730     ()      71,210      () 
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      30,120     ()      69,520      () 
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................      23,680     ()      76,670      () 
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................      23,820     ()      75,140      () 
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................     457,750     ()      55,920      () 
     Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................     125,100     ()      32,510      () 
     Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................       3,650     ()      69,090      () 
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................      17,980     ()      66,090      () 
     Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................     119,800    26.09     54,260     23.79
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     191,220     ()      71,060      () 
   Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers...............   4,080,100     ()      56,370      () 
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................     528,330    18.79     39,090     16.51
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     370,190    15.62     32,500     13.74
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     158,150     ()      54,510      () 
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................   2,027,280     ()      58,060      () 
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................   1,381,430     ()      57,730      () 
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     632,760     ()      58,760      () 
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................      13,090     ()      58,480      () 
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................   1,040,250     ()      60,270      () 
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........     962,820     ()      60,440      () 
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................      77,430     ()      58,170      () 
    Special education teachers........................................................     484,240     ()      59,800      () 
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................      29,230     ()      58,210      () 
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................     195,780     ()      58,640      () 
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................      91,050     ()      60,300      () 
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     129,770     ()      62,180      () 
     Special education teachers, all other............................................      38,410     ()      57,670      () 
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................   1,182,320    17.99     37,420     14.79
    Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors.........      65,110    25.99     54,060     24.17
    Self-enrichment education teachers................................................     217,530    20.36     42,350     17.64
    Miscellaneous teachers and instructors............................................     899,670    16.84     35,020     13.92
     Substitute teachers..............................................................     626,750    14.25     29,630     12.90
     Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers..................     272,920     ()      47,410      () 
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................     253,810    23.54     48,960     22.10
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................      28,080    24.88     51,750     22.46
     Archivists.......................................................................       5,460    25.90     53,880     24.16
     Curators.........................................................................      11,870    27.40     56,990     24.77
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................      10,750    21.58     44,880     19.40
    Librarians........................................................................     131,550    28.33     58,930     27.35
    Library technicians...............................................................      94,170    16.44     34,200     15.54
   Other education, training, and library occupations.................................   1,495,090     ()      31,710      () 
    Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists...............................      10,170    23.18     48,220     22.06
    Farm and home management advisors.................................................       8,760    24.91     51,820     23.65
    Instructional coordinators........................................................     139,460    31.19     64,870     29.94
    Teacher assistants................................................................   1,228,440     ()      26,550      () 
    Education, training, and library workers, all other...............................     108,270    21.34     44,380     19.41
                                                                                                                                
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               1,843,600    27.39     56,980     22.19
   Art and design workers.............................................................     559,820    25.11     52,240     21.13
    Artists and related workers.......................................................      90,150    37.30     77,580     32.51
     Art directors....................................................................      34,690    49.03    101,990     43.15
     Craft artists....................................................................       5,270    17.17     35,710     14.77
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................      12,240    26.04     54,170     22.34
     Multimedia artists and animators.................................................      30,240    33.80     70,300     30.76
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................       7,700    29.87     62,130     28.10
    Designers.........................................................................     469,670    22.78     47,370     19.49
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................      31,330    33.57     69,820     32.28
     Fashion designers................................................................      19,040    35.18     73,180     30.61
     Floral designers.................................................................      44,350    12.98     27,010     12.02
     Graphic designers................................................................     204,850    24.83     51,640     22.55
     Interior designers...............................................................      51,050    26.69     55,510     23.48
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     100,540    14.32     29,790     12.92
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................      11,930    26.40     54,920     23.81
     Designers, all other.............................................................       6,590    29.92     62,220     25.62
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................     498,020    28.07     58,380     19.25
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................     155,210    41.28     85,850     29.08
     Actors...........................................................................      50,570    37.47       ()      18.80
     Producers and directors..........................................................     104,650    43.11     89,670     32.91
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................     254,440     ()      41,470      () 
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................      11,710     ()      80,490      () 
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................     224,110     ()      40,050      () 
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................      18,620     ()      33,990      () 
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................      15,160    20.39     42,410     16.85
     Dancers..........................................................................      10,030    18.14       ()      14.44
     Choreographers...................................................................       5,130    24.79     51,560     22.09
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................      58,630    31.70       ()      24.08
     Music directors and composers....................................................      21,540    28.38     59,040     23.95
     Musicians and singers............................................................      37,090    33.62       ()      24.20
    Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other................      14,570    22.71       ()      17.64
   Media and communication workers....................................................     564,800    29.76     61,910     25.73
    Announcers........................................................................      38,380    21.72     45,170     14.46
     Radio and television announcers..................................................      30,390    22.31     46,410     14.88
     Public address system and other announcers.......................................       8,000    19.44     40,440     12.95
    News analysts, reporters and correspondents.......................................      45,790    24.50     50,970     18.13
     Broadcast news analysts..........................................................       4,730    42.90     89,240     31.51
     Reporters and correspondents.....................................................      41,050    22.38     46,560     17.48
    Public relations specialists......................................................     218,910    31.65     65,830     27.29
    Writers and editors...............................................................     189,840    32.74     68,090     29.24
     Editors..........................................................................      96,690    31.21     64,910     26.93
     Technical writers................................................................      49,770    35.26     73,350     33.77
     Writers and authors..............................................................      43,380    33.24     69,130     28.97
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................      71,890    23.82     49,550     21.39
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................      49,650    23.25     48,360     21.24
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................      22,240    25.10     52,200     21.74
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................     220,950    25.59     53,220     20.91
    Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators...................     105,500    23.14     48,140     20.13
     Audio and video equipment technicians............................................      62,460    22.42     46,630     19.92
     Broadcast technicians............................................................      28,270    21.18     44,050     18.02
     Radio operators..................................................................         940    22.69     47,200     24.06
     Sound engineering technicians....................................................      13,840    30.45     63,340     25.64
    Photographers.....................................................................      50,070    19.37     40,280     15.24
    Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors................      47,710    34.37     71,500     26.80
     Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................      20,060    28.54     59,360     23.60
     Film and video editors...........................................................      27,660    38.61     80,300     29.69
    Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................      17,670    34.10     70,920     33.94
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       8,021,800    37.40     77,800     30.10
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners.......................................   4,960,900    46.65     97,030     36.90
    Chiropractors.....................................................................      32,080    37.68     78,370     30.98
    Dentists..........................................................................     116,750    85.16    177,130     76.11
     Dentists, general................................................................     100,080    82.86    172,350     73.42
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................       5,000   112.45    233,900      () 
     Orthodontists....................................................................       5,410   106.44    221,390      () 
     Prosthodontists..................................................................         710    77.41    161,020     57.57
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................       5,550    82.23    171,040     82.21
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................      59,740    28.08     58,410     27.84
    Optometrists......................................................................      35,300    55.65    115,750     49.95
    Pharmacists.......................................................................     295,620    57.34    119,270     58.41
    Physicians and surgeons...........................................................     642,720    97.33    202,450      () 
     Anesthesiologists................................................................      29,220   124.09    258,100      () 
     Family and general practitioners.................................................     127,430    92.36    192,120     88.65
     Internists, general..............................................................      48,920    94.48    196,520      () 
     Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................      20,090   106.92    222,400      () 
     Pediatricians, general...........................................................      28,660    88.07    183,180     81.87
     Psychiatrists....................................................................      24,060    93.12    193,680      () 
     Surgeons.........................................................................      41,600   119.00    247,520      () 
     Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................     322,740    95.05    197,700      () 
    Physician assistants..............................................................      98,470    47.73     99,270     47.20
    Podiatrists.......................................................................       9,500    65.47    136,180     57.37
    Therapists........................................................................     628,440    36.64     76,220     35.53
     Occupational therapists..........................................................     114,660    39.27     81,690     38.54
     Physical therapists..............................................................     209,690    41.25     85,790     40.40
     Radiation therapists.............................................................      16,930    40.61     84,460     38.57
     Recreational therapists..........................................................      17,880    22.98     47,790     22.06
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................     120,330    28.67     59,640     27.78
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     131,450    36.97     76,900     35.29
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................       6,620    23.91     49,740     22.60
     Therapists, all other............................................................      10,890    28.46     59,210     26.93
    Veterinarians.....................................................................      65,650    47.59     99,000     42.54
    Registered nurses.................................................................   2,745,910    34.14     71,000     32.45
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................      39,410    77.04    160,250     75.55
    Nurse midwives....................................................................       7,430    45.01     93,610     44.48
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................     136,060    48.68    101,260     47.21
    Audiologists......................................................................      12,070    37.22     77,420     36.01
    Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other...........................      35,750    40.92     85,120     35.92
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................   2,909,230    22.04     45,850     20.28
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................     320,550    24.91     51,810     24.30
     Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................     162,950    29.74     61,860     29.09
     Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................     157,610    19.91     41,420     18.73
    Dental hygienists.................................................................     200,550    34.96     72,720     34.77
    Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................     361,430    29.84     62,080     29.04
     Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................      51,400    26.97     56,100     26.38
     Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................      61,250    34.08     70,880     33.16
     Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................      19,740    36.06     74,990     35.27
     Radiologic technologists.........................................................     195,590    28.13     58,520     27.25
     Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................      33,460    32.86     68,340     32.56
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................     236,890    17.04     35,430     15.38
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................     712,050    16.69     34,710     15.71
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................      28,950    14.03     29,170     12.52
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     379,430    15.23     31,680     14.62
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................      58,450    17.44     36,280     14.97
     Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................      10,000    23.90     49,720     23.31
     Surgical technologists...........................................................     100,270    22.09     45,940     21.31
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................      95,790    16.00     33,280     15.29
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................      39,160    17.64     36,690     16.99
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................     697,250    21.17     44,030     20.76
    Medical records and health information technicians................................     189,930    19.44     40,430     17.84
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................      73,520    17.70     36,820     16.75
    Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................     117,040    22.86     47,560     20.54
     Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................       7,100    33.63     69,960     30.98
     Hearing aid specialists..........................................................       5,920    25.41     52,850     23.85
     Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................     104,020    21.98     45,730     19.84
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................     151,680    29.72     61,820     27.88
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................      86,270    32.68     67,970     31.69
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................      70,220    34.51     71,790     33.75
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................      16,050    24.65     51,270     23.11
    Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................      65,410    25.82     53,710     22.64
     Athletic trainers................................................................      23,450     ()      46,940      () 
     Genetic counselors...............................................................       2,520    35.85     74,570     34.66
     Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................      39,440    27.12     56,400     23.21
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare support occupations                                                           3,989,910    14.19     29,520     13.00
   Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides........................................   2,363,400    12.26     25,500     11.56
    Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.......................................   2,363,400    12.26     25,500     11.56
     Home health aides................................................................     820,630    11.00     22,870     10.54
     Psychiatric aides................................................................      69,550    13.55     28,170     12.59
     Nursing assistants...............................................................   1,420,570    12.89     26,820     12.36
     Orderlies........................................................................      52,660    13.26     27,580     12.30
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................     174,800    22.50     46,790     22.46
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................      43,030    25.74     53,550     26.21
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................      35,460    28.05     58,340     27.82
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................       7,570    14.95     31,090     13.37
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................     131,770    21.44     44,590     20.66
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................      81,230    26.56     55,250     26.52
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................      50,540    13.19     27,440     12.08
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................   1,451,710    16.33     33,970     15.49
    Massage therapists................................................................      92,090    20.76     43,170     18.29
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................   1,359,620    16.03     33,340     15.36
     Dental assistants................................................................     323,110    17.75     36,920     17.30
     Medical assistants...............................................................     601,240    15.34     31,910     14.71
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................      50,330    16.80     34,950     16.02
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................      57,830    17.17     35,720     16.77
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................      38,040    13.20     27,460     11.75
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................      75,620    12.47     25,940     11.71
     Phlebotomists....................................................................     118,160    15.76     32,770     15.21
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................      95,290    17.75     36,920     17.20
                                                                                                                                
Protective service occupations                                                           3,351,620    21.45     44,610     18.14
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................     270,660    33.91     70,530     31.76
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................     142,890    37.96     78,950     36.18
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................      42,520    30.18     62,770     28.71
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     100,370    41.26     85,810     39.47
    First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers....................      58,110    36.05     74,970     34.72
    First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other...................      69,660    23.82     49,540     22.55
   Fire fighting and prevention workers...............................................     332,730    23.89     49,690     22.72
    Firefighters......................................................................     318,790    23.72     49,330     22.53
    Fire inspectors...................................................................      13,940    27.89     58,020     26.34
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................      12,290    28.75     59,800     27.27
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................       1,650    21.51     44,740     17.62
   Law enforcement workers............................................................   1,223,890    27.34     56,860     25.03
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................     445,520    21.78     45,310     19.51
     Bailiffs.........................................................................      17,730    21.59     44,900     20.03
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................     427,790    21.79     45,320     19.49
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................     106,580    38.28     79,620     37.12
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................       5,630    26.43     54,970     25.38
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................       8,710    18.40     38,280     17.56
    Police officers...................................................................     657,460    29.46     61,270     28.04
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     653,740    29.45     61,270     28.04
     Transit and railroad police......................................................       3,720    29.85     62,090     28.69
   Other protective service workers...................................................   1,524,340    13.97     29,050     11.95
    Animal control workers............................................................      13,180    16.98     35,330     16.08
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................      30,460    25.41     52,840     21.93
    Security guards and gaming surveillance officers..................................   1,108,310    13.71     28,510     11.87
     Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................      10,650    16.29     33,880     14.99
     Security guards..................................................................   1,097,660    13.68     28,460     11.84
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................     372,390    13.71     28,510     11.67
     Crossing guards..................................................................      68,640    13.33     27,730     12.07
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     141,670    10.54     21,930      9.38
     Transportation security screeners................................................      41,820    19.25     40,050     18.90
     Protective service workers, all other............................................     120,270    15.72     32,690     13.77
                                                                                                                                
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                        12,577,080    10.98     22,850      9.41
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................   1,013,460    16.80     34,930     15.11
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................   1,013,460    16.80     34,930     15.11
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     129,370    22.07     45,920     19.95
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................     884,090    16.02     33,330     14.59
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................   3,147,210    11.05     22,990     10.24
    Cooks.............................................................................   2,284,470    11.23     23,350     10.44
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................     520,010     9.43     19,610      9.17
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     404,980    12.29     25,560     11.52
     Cooks, private household.........................................................         380    18.12     37,680     12.65
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................   1,150,760    11.74     24,430     11.11
     Cooks, short order...............................................................     193,170    10.55     21,940      9.99
     Cooks, all other.................................................................      15,160    13.58     28,240     12.67
    Food preparation workers..........................................................     862,740    10.60     22,050      9.70
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................   7,054,960    10.30     21,430      9.19
    Bartenders........................................................................     589,150    11.59     24,110      9.39
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................   3,703,110     9.53     19,820      9.11
     Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............   3,216,460     9.47     19,710      9.09
     Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................     486,650     9.90     20,590      9.24
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................   2,505,630    11.07     23,020      9.25
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................     257,070    11.06     23,010      9.82
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................   1,361,450    10.01     20,830      9.27
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................     412,830    10.29     21,400      9.27
    Dishwashers.......................................................................     505,000     9.79     20,360      9.30
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................     391,150     9.87     20,530      9.22
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................      52,470    11.09     23,060      9.80
                                                                                                                                
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,407,050    13.02     27,080     11.47
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............     270,360    20.52     42,680     18.96
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...     270,360    20.52     42,680     18.96
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     166,920    19.26     40,060     17.81
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     103,450    22.55     46,900     21.15
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................   3,159,840    12.23     25,440     10.93
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................   3,089,590    12.14     25,240     10.86
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................   2,146,880    12.59     26,180     11.27
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     926,240    11.05     22,990      9.97
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................      16,480    14.52     30,200     14.06
    Pest control workers..............................................................      70,250    16.39     34,080     15.46
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................     976,840    13.50     28,090     12.31
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................     976,840    13.50     28,090     12.31
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     895,600    13.20     27,460     12.03
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................      24,200    16.62     34,570     15.64
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................      40,160    17.32     36,030     16.10
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................      16,890    16.03     33,340     14.05
                                                                                                                                
Personal care and service occupations                                                    4,307,500    12.33     25,650     10.50
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................     208,040    19.17     39,870     17.71
    First-line supervisors of gaming workers..........................................      30,340    22.57     46,940     22.19
     Gaming supervisors...............................................................      22,640    24.10     50,130     23.91
     Slot supervisors.................................................................       7,700    18.05     37,550     17.16
    First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................     177,700    18.59     38,670     17.17
   Animal care and service workers....................................................     185,780    11.66     24,260     10.22
    Animal trainers...................................................................      11,720    16.15     33,600     12.80
    Nonfarm animal caretakers.........................................................     174,060    11.36     23,630     10.10
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................     551,590    10.64     22,140      9.29
    Gaming services workers...........................................................     119,540    10.93     22,730      9.24
     Gaming dealers...................................................................      94,900    10.49     21,810      9.14
     Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................      12,370    12.58     26,170     10.91
     Gaming service workers, all other................................................      12,280    12.68     26,380     11.56
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................       5,620    11.80     24,540     10.33
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................     114,000    10.13     21,060      9.22
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................     312,430    10.70     22,260      9.33
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     273,870    10.27     21,360      9.27
     Costume attendants...............................................................       6,120    25.42     52,870     21.40
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................      17,430    11.53     23,990     10.11
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................      15,010    11.59     24,110     10.92
   Funeral service workers............................................................      64,470    18.01     37,460     14.79
    Embalmers.........................................................................       3,710    19.95     41,490     19.43
    Funeral attendants................................................................      35,290    12.42     25,840     11.43
    Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors....................................      25,470    25.47     52,990     23.31
   Personal appearance workers........................................................     504,640    13.67     28,420     11.17
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................     362,360    13.84     28,790     11.40
     Barbers..........................................................................      14,350    14.01     29,140     11.95
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     348,010    13.83     28,770     11.38
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................     142,280    13.22     27,500     10.65
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................       3,060    32.00     66,560     25.59
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................      83,840    11.36     23,630     10.01
     Shampooers.......................................................................      15,190     9.78     20,350      9.27
     Skincare specialists.............................................................      40,190    16.97     35,300     14.47
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................      77,980    12.99     27,030     11.60
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................      77,980    12.99     27,030     11.60
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................      46,550    11.75     24,430     10.17
     Concierges.......................................................................      31,430    14.84     30,870     13.96
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................      38,740    13.29     27,640     11.85
    Tour and travel guides............................................................      38,740    13.29     27,640     11.85
     Tour guides and escorts..........................................................      35,930    12.94     26,920     11.59
     Travel guides....................................................................       2,810    17.75     36,920     16.43
   Other personal care and service workers............................................   2,676,260    11.77     24,480     10.40
    Childcare workers.................................................................     573,440    10.72     22,310      9.77
    Personal care aides...............................................................   1,369,230    10.48     21,790     10.09
    Recreation and fitness workers....................................................     573,920    15.66     32,560     12.76
     Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................     237,760    19.70     40,970     17.39
     Recreation workers...............................................................     336,150    12.79     26,610     11.21
    Residential advisors..............................................................     102,540    13.05     27,140     12.01
    Personal care and service workers, all other......................................      57,140    11.99     24,950     10.73
                                                                                                                                
Sales and related occupations                                                           14,462,120    18.90     39,320     12.34
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................   1,441,700    24.10     50,120     19.87
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................   1,441,700    24.10     50,120     19.87
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   1,193,850    20.63     42,900     18.42
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................     247,850    40.82     84,910     34.76
   Retail sales workers...............................................................   8,799,250    11.77     24,490      9.84
    Cashiers..........................................................................   3,501,210    10.10     21,010      9.29
     Cashiers.........................................................................   3,478,420    10.09     20,990      9.28
     Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................      22,790    11.84     24,620     11.03
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................     685,520    14.32     29,790     12.58
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................     447,050    13.57     28,210     11.75
     Parts salespersons...............................................................     238,470    15.74     32,750     14.25
    Retail salespersons...............................................................   4,612,510    12.67     26,340     10.47
   Sales representatives, services....................................................   1,808,330    33.22     69,100     24.78
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................     149,770    29.66     61,690     23.31
    Insurance sales agents............................................................     386,140    31.15     64,790     23.17
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................     319,280    49.45    102,860     34.40
    Travel agents.....................................................................      66,560    18.63     38,750     17.15
    Sales representatives, services, all other........................................     886,580    29.98     62,360     24.86
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................   1,743,560    34.17     71,080     28.41
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................   1,743,560    34.17     71,080     28.41
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                               
      products........................................................................     334,010    42.87     89,170     36.63
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                   
      scientific products.............................................................   1,409,550    32.11     66,790     26.79
   Other sales and related workers....................................................     669,270    22.97     47,780     14.84
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................      88,080    14.47     30,100     12.01
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................      83,620    14.29     29,720     11.99
     Models...........................................................................       4,460    17.91     37,240     13.23
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................     190,510    30.22     62,850     21.93
     Real estate brokers..............................................................      38,810    38.56     80,210     27.34
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................     151,700    28.08     58,410     20.85
    Sales engineers...................................................................      72,200    51.52    107,160     46.95
    Telemarketers.....................................................................     226,730    12.73     26,470     11.31
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................      91,760    18.93     39,370     15.35
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........       7,510    12.58     26,160     10.68
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................      84,240    19.49     40,540     15.98
                                                                                                                                
Office and administrative support occupations                                           21,846,420    17.47     36,330     15.96
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................   1,424,450    27.01     56,170     25.30
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............   1,424,450    27.01     56,170     25.30
   Communications equipment operators.................................................     112,260    14.54     30,250     13.47
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................     100,500    13.94     28,990     13.19
    Telephone operators...............................................................       9,750    19.62     40,820     17.25
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................       2,010    20.19     41,990     19.39
   Financial clerks...................................................................   3,179,250    17.63     36,680     16.74
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................     318,970    17.60     36,600     16.56
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................     491,070    17.45     36,300     16.85
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................   1,580,220    18.74     38,990     17.91
    Gaming cage workers...............................................................      17,650    13.36     27,780     12.43
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................     166,700    20.26     42,130     19.71
    Procurement clerks................................................................      71,470    19.72     41,010     19.52
    Tellers...........................................................................     498,460    13.10     27,260     12.70
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................      34,700    20.32     42,270     19.27
   Information and record clerks......................................................   5,513,250    16.16     33,610     14.91
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................      57,490    24.83     51,640     23.16
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................       7,320    17.47     36,340     16.98
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................     130,190    18.38     38,230     17.23
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................      41,880    18.23     37,920     16.96
    Customer service representatives..................................................   2,595,990    16.62     34,560     15.25
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................     130,420    20.69     43,040     20.75
    File clerks.......................................................................     140,560    14.38     29,900     13.39
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................     243,210    10.87     22,610     10.11
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................     184,050    15.83     32,930     15.10
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................     100,090    12.78     26,580     11.77
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................     216,380    18.85     39,210     18.13
    New accounts clerks...............................................................      48,970    17.22     35,820     16.77
    Order clerks......................................................................     185,890    16.38     34,080     15.54
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................     138,910    18.84     39,180     18.32
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................     975,890    13.67     28,430     13.12
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................     138,810    17.68     36,780     16.91
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................     177,210    18.64     38,770     18.26
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............   3,973,740    16.16     33,610     14.32
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................      81,120    21.38     44,470     20.13
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................      73,180    14.01     29,130     13.12
    Dispatchers.......................................................................     292,570    19.30     40,140     18.00
     Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................      95,630    19.23     40,000     18.27
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     196,940    19.33     40,210     17.86
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................      34,970    19.66     40,900     18.51
    Postal service workers............................................................     504,540    24.38     50,700     27.30
     Postal service clerks............................................................      78,660    23.60     49,090     27.30
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     315,950    24.58     51,130     28.02
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     109,930    24.35     50,650     27.28
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................     309,110    23.18     48,210     22.19
    Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks...........................................     674,820    15.55     32,350     14.64
    Stock clerks and order fillers....................................................   1,934,060    12.47     25,940     11.17
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................      69,360    14.89     30,980     13.80
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................   3,680,630    18.93     39,360     17.55
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................   3,680,630    18.93     39,360     17.55
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     666,490    26.66     55,460     25.66
     Legal secretaries................................................................     202,660    22.34     46,470     20.77
     Medical secretaries..............................................................     530,360    16.50     34,330     15.89
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..   2,281,120    16.92     35,200     16.31
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................   3,962,840    15.77     32,800     14.67
    Computer operators................................................................      51,510    20.26     42,140     19.43
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................     267,900    15.79     32,840     14.99
     Data entry keyers................................................................     199,240    14.81     30,810     14.16
     Word processors and typists......................................................      68,660    18.61     38,710     18.08
    Desktop publishers................................................................      13,240    21.10     43,900     19.15
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................     262,910    19.02     39,560     18.04
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      95,640    14.39     29,930     13.74
    Office clerks, general............................................................   2,944,420    15.33     31,890     14.22
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................      63,290    14.90     30,980     13.95
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................      10,810    18.12     37,690     17.13
    Statistical assistants............................................................      13,510    21.26     44,220     20.53
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................     239,630    16.70     34,730     15.67
                                                                                                                                
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                 454,230    12.67     26,360     10.46
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................      19,060    23.22     48,290     21.80
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................      19,060    23.22     48,290     21.80
   Agricultural workers...............................................................     388,900    11.58     24,090      9.86
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................      14,670    21.06     43,810     20.86
    Animal breeders...................................................................       1,030    21.47     44,650     18.93
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................      35,290    11.18     23,260     10.14
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................     337,920    11.18     23,260      9.65
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................      27,200    14.13     29,380     13.38
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     272,170    10.64     22,130      9.51
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................      33,530    12.58     26,160     11.42
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................       5,020    15.31     31,850     14.34
   Fishing and hunting workers........................................................         700    14.60     30,370     13.51
    Fishers and related fishing workers...............................................         540    14.41     29,970     13.14
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................      45,570    17.53     36,470     16.90
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................       6,870    14.36     29,860     12.59
    Logging workers...................................................................      38,700    18.10     37,640     17.41
     Fallers..........................................................................       5,840    20.07     41,750     17.50
     Logging equipment operators......................................................      27,290    17.76     36,930     17.45
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................       2,740    17.99     37,420     17.36
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................       2,830    17.41     36,210     17.13
                                                                                                                                
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  5,477,820    22.88     47,580     20.33
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................     517,560    32.13     66,820     29.84
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............     517,560    32.13     66,820     29.84
   Construction trades workers........................................................   4,076,800    22.25     46,290     19.72
    Boilermakers......................................................................      16,350    29.16     60,660     28.90
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................      74,570    24.13     50,200     22.32
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................      61,360    24.88     51,750     23.05
     Stonemasons......................................................................      13,210    20.66     42,970     18.57
    Carpenters........................................................................     639,190    22.49     46,780     20.24
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................      75,280    20.76     43,180     18.38
     Carpet installers................................................................      25,810    20.77     43,210     17.89
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................       9,830    20.44     42,520     17.80
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................       4,700    18.35     38,160     17.76
     Tile and marble setters..........................................................      34,940    21.16     44,010     18.94
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................     166,610    20.27     42,150     18.16
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     163,360    20.23     42,080     18.14
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................       3,250    22.14     46,050     19.57
    Construction laborers.............................................................     887,580    17.57     36,550     15.34
    Construction equipment operators..................................................     411,920    23.26     48,380     21.06
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................      53,110    20.68     43,020     18.40
     Pile-driver operators............................................................       3,670    26.51     55,150     23.77
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     355,140    23.61     49,110     21.44
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................     106,000    22.48     46,760     19.46
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................      88,490    21.88     45,510     18.85
     Tapers...........................................................................      17,500    25.52     53,080     23.06
    Electricians......................................................................     592,230    26.73     55,590     24.94
    Glaziers..........................................................................      44,230    21.84     45,420     18.96
    Insulation workers................................................................      55,180    21.51     44,740     18.57
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................      25,850    18.66     38,810     16.85
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................      29,330    24.02     49,970     20.97
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................     216,340    19.47     40,490     17.57
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     213,330    19.49     40,540     17.59
     Paperhangers.....................................................................       3,020    17.60     36,610     16.15
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................     432,380    25.89     53,860     23.72
     Pipelayers.......................................................................      40,710    20.15     41,910     18.16
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     391,680    26.49     55,100     24.34
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................      22,420    20.22     42,070     17.94
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................      20,060    25.98     54,030     23.08
    Roofers...........................................................................     109,720    19.54     40,630     17.65
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................     135,570    23.95     49,810     21.99
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................      64,280    26.32     54,750     24.28
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................       6,870    19.26     40,070     18.19
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................     228,710    14.37     29,890     13.64
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................     228,710    14.37     29,890     13.64
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......      22,970    15.43     32,090     14.09
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................      37,820    14.04     29,200     13.41
     Helpers--electricians............................................................      71,610    14.42     30,000     13.81
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................      11,030    13.31     27,690     12.73
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................      55,530    14.40     29,950     13.70
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................      10,810    13.38     27,820     13.04
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................      18,930    14.66     30,500     13.71
   Other construction and related workers.............................................     393,710    22.29     46,370     20.16
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................      91,480    28.86     60,030     27.57
    Elevator installers and repairers.................................................      21,000    37.19     77,350     38.88
    Fence erectors....................................................................      21,160    16.75     34,840     15.60
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................      42,560    21.22     44,150     19.08
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................     142,300    18.36     38,200     17.75
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................      14,470    24.68     51,340     25.40
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................      27,080    18.21     37,880     17.00
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................      33,660    18.86     39,220     17.31
     Segmental pavers.................................................................       1,240    15.30     31,820     14.77
     Construction and related workers, all other......................................      32,420    18.99     39,500     17.45
   Extraction workers.................................................................     261,040    22.58     46,970     20.52
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining...........     105,120    25.33     52,680     22.71
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................      19,330    24.38     50,710     23.03
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................      24,960    29.03     60,380     26.11
     Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................      60,830    24.11     50,150     21.63
    Earth drillers, except oil and gas................................................      19,490    24.92     51,840     21.27
    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................       7,540    25.28     52,580     24.14
    Mining machine operators..........................................................      19,880    24.29     50,530     23.83
     Continuous mining machine operators..............................................      11,130    24.35     50,660     23.37
     Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................       6,630    24.39     50,720     24.91
     Mining machine operators, all other..............................................       2,120    23.69     49,270     23.34
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................       3,790    16.77     34,870     16.26
    Roof bolters, mining..............................................................       5,220    26.68     55,500     26.42
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................      71,790    18.61     38,700     17.56
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................      22,820    17.83     37,080     17.19
    Extraction workers, all other.....................................................       5,400    23.62     49,140     21.33
                                                                                                                                
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        5,374,150    22.11     45,990     20.57
   Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     445,510    31.68     65,890     30.29
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................     445,510    31.68     65,890     30.29
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........     585,270    24.22     50,380     23.30
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................     106,100    18.75     38,990     17.71
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................     233,260    26.16     54,420     26.15
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................      14,160    25.45     52,940     24.84
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     219,100    26.21     54,510     26.24
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                                
     repairers........................................................................     245,910    24.74     51,460     23.92
     Avionics technicians.............................................................      17,340    28.94     60,200     28.15
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................      17,920    21.04     43,760     19.48
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....      14,210    28.41     59,080     28.36
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........      69,290    27.25     56,670     26.77
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........      23,070    34.83     72,450     35.49
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................      12,470    16.10     33,500     15.08
     Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................      26,890    19.07     39,670     18.17
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................      64,730    21.57     44,860     20.87
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................   1,554,340    20.67     42,990     19.31
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................     124,040    28.92     60,160     28.06
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................     798,280    19.85     41,290     18.41
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................     143,040    21.44     44,590     19.70
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................      17,160    16.93     35,210     16.27
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     638,080    19.58     40,720     18.20
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................     251,750    22.17     46,110     21.40
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............     180,400    23.17     48,180     22.65
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................      37,080    18.52     38,510     17.82
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     121,900    24.08     50,080     23.45
     Rail car repairers...............................................................      21,410    26.02     54,130     26.72
    Small engine mechanics............................................................      67,850    17.51     36,420     16.66
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................      20,440    18.99     39,500     18.41
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................      15,850    17.42     36,240     16.45
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................      31,560    16.60     34,520     15.72
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...     132,030    13.20     27,460     12.09
     Bicycle repairers................................................................      12,560    13.41     27,900     13.20
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................      11,970    17.97     37,380     17.15
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................     107,500    12.65     26,310     11.65
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................   2,789,020    20.95     43,570     19.39
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................      60,440    24.55     51,060     22.79
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................      17,930    19.18     39,900     18.34
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............      42,510    26.81     55,760     26.01
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............     274,680    22.78     47,380     21.69
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................      33,990    18.66     38,820     17.40
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................     457,380    24.12     50,160     23.27
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     323,280    24.75     51,470     23.89
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................      92,520    21.41     44,540     20.80
     Millwrights......................................................................      40,030    25.31     52,650     24.71
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................       1,550    23.52     48,920     22.62
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................     221,740    28.92     60,160     29.53
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     115,380    31.57     65,650     31.95
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     106,360    26.06     54,200     25.44
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................      66,660    23.19     48,230     21.94
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................       3,540    20.44     42,510     19.53
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................      41,060    23.75     49,400     22.28
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................       7,730    18.55     38,590     17.14
     Watch repairers..................................................................       2,200    17.84     37,110     16.71
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................      12,130    26.01     54,110     26.13
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................   1,314,560    18.73     38,950     17.61
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................       3,950    25.50     53,030     24.55
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     355,620    17.81     37,050     15.98
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................      32,250    16.47     34,260     15.72
     Commercial divers................................................................       3,450    26.27     54,640     24.26
     Fabric menders, except garment...................................................         620    12.43     25,840     11.77
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................      17,800    19.84     41,270     18.83
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................       3,650    15.94     33,150     14.45
     Riggers..........................................................................      22,790    22.97     47,770     20.78
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................       8,190    30.12     62,650     30.69
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................     124,220    13.71     28,530     12.69
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................     142,650    19.77     41,120     18.14
                                                                                                                                
Production occupations                                                                   9,073,290    17.41     36,220     15.51
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................     603,080    28.81     59,930     27.09
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................     603,080    28.81     59,930     27.09
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................   1,800,410    15.70     32,670     14.46
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................      42,810    24.54     51,040     23.55
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................     273,030    16.14     33,570     15.07
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................      14,450    15.86     32,990     15.26
     Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................     212,170    15.99     33,260     14.84
     Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................      46,400    16.89     35,140     16.15
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................      38,700    20.07     41,750     19.04
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................      79,620    18.77     39,040     17.81
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................   1,366,250    15.04     31,280     13.87
     Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................      20,630    14.79     30,760     14.02
     Team assemblers..................................................................   1,115,510    15.17     31,560     13.98
     Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................       1,190    19.96     41,510     17.76
     Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................     228,930    14.39     29,920     13.28
   Food processing workers............................................................     783,650    13.22     27,500     12.25
    Bakers............................................................................     176,610    12.63     26,270     11.62
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................     372,980    13.18     27,410     12.34
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     137,350    14.88     30,940     14.01
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     155,390    11.93     24,810     11.48
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................      80,250    12.70     26,420     12.33
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................     234,060    13.73     28,560     12.67
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......      20,320    14.58     30,320     13.49
     Food batchmakers.................................................................     133,470    14.04     29,210     12.95
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................      34,640    14.15     29,430     13.35
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................      45,630    12.12     25,220     11.41
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................   1,945,220    18.68     38,850     17.66
    Computer control programmers and operators........................................     172,260    19.54     40,650     18.48
     Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................     146,600    18.62     38,720     17.80
     Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......      25,660    24.82     51,630     23.55
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................     123,780    17.62     36,650     16.82
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.      72,390    16.62     34,580     15.92
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      19,650    17.75     36,910     16.86
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      31,740    19.81     41,200     19.51
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........     342,970    16.60     34,530     15.79
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                            
      plastic.........................................................................     194,670    15.88     33,030     15.04
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                
      plastic.........................................................................      14,840    18.11     37,660     17.06
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and                                             
       tenders, metal and plastic.....................................................      73,570    16.62     34,560     15.79
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                  
      plastic.........................................................................      40,140    18.31     38,080     17.70
     Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      19,750    19.05     39,620     18.39
    Machinists........................................................................     399,040    20.25     42,120     19.49
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................      29,700    19.42     40,390     18.99
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................      20,070    20.57     42,790     20.31
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       9,630    17.01     35,390     16.28
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................      10,400    21.93     45,620     21.13
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................       6,380    23.18     48,210     22.11
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................       4,020    19.95     41,500     19.69
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....     148,410    15.25     31,720     14.24
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................      12,860    16.31     33,930     15.71
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                            
      and plastic.....................................................................     135,550    15.15     31,510     14.11
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........     105,570    17.01     35,380     16.32
    Tool and die makers...............................................................      74,510    24.58     51,130     24.18
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................     439,320    19.50     40,560     18.23
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     386,240    19.70     40,970     18.34
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      53,080    18.07     37,590     17.38
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      99,270    17.63     36,660     16.48
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......      20,570    18.47     38,420     17.60
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................      10,660    22.32     46,430     21.41
     Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      35,640    15.83     32,930     14.69
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................      10,220    18.07     37,590     17.09
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................      22,190    17.26     35,910     15.86
   Printing workers...................................................................     256,040    17.52     36,440     16.64
    Printing workers..................................................................     256,040    17.52     36,440     16.64
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................      35,330    19.26     40,060     18.40
     Printing press operators.........................................................     168,330    17.80     37,020     16.94
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................      52,380    15.47     32,170     14.55
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................     578,100    12.22     25,420     11.05
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................     201,620    10.90     22,660     10.01
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................      48,340    10.40     21,640      9.84
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................     141,520    11.87     24,680     10.84
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................      11,410    12.29     25,570     11.58
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................       8,180    12.29     25,570     11.36
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................       3,230    12.29     25,560     12.11
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................      26,900    13.31     27,690     12.08
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................       6,920    12.01     24,980     11.37
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................      19,980    13.76     28,630     12.42
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................      76,630    13.29     27,640     12.83
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................      11,630    13.30     27,660     12.66
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................      14,680    12.96     26,950     12.26
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............      22,560    13.53     28,150     13.09
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                 
      tenders.........................................................................      27,760    13.26     27,580     12.92
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................      71,690    16.32     33,950     14.96
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                               
      glass fibers....................................................................      19,810    16.44     34,190     15.85
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       5,140    23.58     49,040     21.11
     Upholsterers.....................................................................      30,180    16.13     33,550     15.39
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................      16,560    14.29     29,720     12.65
   Woodworkers........................................................................     243,350    15.05     31,300     14.18
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................      93,650    16.34     33,980     15.52
    Furniture finishers...............................................................      16,480    14.87     30,920     14.04
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................       2,180    19.16     39,840     17.18
     Model makers, wood...............................................................       1,160    18.43     38,330     16.15
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................       1,030    19.98     41,550     18.46
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................     124,150    14.00     29,130     13.37
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................      48,600    14.04     29,190     13.37
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............      75,540    13.98     29,090     13.37
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................       6,900    15.45     32,130     13.94
   Plant and system operators.........................................................     311,050    28.26     58,780     27.48
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................      55,990    36.15     75,190     36.38
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       6,940    42.70     88,820     42.58
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................      11,540    38.66     80,400     38.86
     Power plant operators............................................................      37,510    34.17     71,070     34.58
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................      34,630    29.08     60,480     28.14
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................     114,770    22.49     46,790     21.53
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................     105,670    30.07     62,540     29.85
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................      35,020    28.40     59,070     28.52
     Gas plant operators..............................................................      16,790    31.65     65,830     31.74
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................      42,320    31.74     66,020     31.34
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................      11,540    26.70     55,530     26.70
   Other production occupations.......................................................   2,552,380    16.31     33,930     14.71
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................     115,400    22.19     46,150     20.84
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................      67,650    23.87     49,640     22.70
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                               
      operators, and tenders..........................................................      47,750    19.81     41,210     18.47
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................     188,510    17.01     35,370     16.09
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........      31,140    17.10     35,560     16.26
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................      28,110    14.60     30,370     13.76
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................     129,270    17.51     36,410     16.63
    Cutting workers...................................................................      79,070    15.56     32,370     14.89
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................      15,740    13.87     28,850     12.89
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      63,330    15.98     33,250     15.48
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                                
     tenders..........................................................................      71,430    16.36     34,030     15.46
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................      19,650    17.77     36,970     17.00
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................     508,590    18.95     39,410     17.31
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................      25,270    20.38     42,380     17.82
    Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians............................      80,150    18.08     37,610     16.32
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................      37,520    19.48     40,520     17.88
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................      14,640    18.76     39,020     16.77
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................      27,990    15.85     32,970     14.35
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................     378,560    14.31     29,770     13.02
    Painting workers..................................................................     156,550    17.84     37,110     16.51
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      88,780    16.16     33,610     15.35
     Painters, transportation equipment...............................................      51,760    21.60     44,920     19.79
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................      16,020    15.01     31,210     14.07
    Semiconductor processors..........................................................      24,230    18.08     37,600     17.01
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................      23,940    14.77     30,720     12.78
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................     881,020    14.21     29,560     12.78
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................      17,400    16.23     33,750     15.25
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............      17,420    14.38     29,910     13.41
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       7,970    15.14     31,490     13.76
     Etchers and engravers............................................................       9,490    15.33     31,880     14.33
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................      38,730    15.24     31,690     14.24
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................      91,400    17.87     37,160     17.17
     Tire builders....................................................................      17,710    19.34     40,230     18.81
     Helpers--production workers......................................................     439,000    12.50     26,010     11.52
     Production workers, all other....................................................     241,910    15.15     31,520     13.44
                                                                                                                                
Transportation and material moving occupations                                           9,536,610    16.90     35,160     14.47
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................     386,340    26.10     54,290     24.66
    Aircraft cargo handling supervisors...............................................       6,760    23.50     48,870     21.86
    First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand............     176,030    23.88     49,670     22.58
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle                                            
     operators........................................................................     203,550    28.11     58,470     26.85
   Air transportation workers.........................................................     260,670     ()      87,140      () 
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................     121,110     ()     119,360      () 
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................      81,350     ()     136,400      () 
     Commercial pilots................................................................      39,760     ()      84,510      () 
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................      31,050    49.32    102,580     48.05
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................      23,130    57.09    118,740     59.11
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................       7,920    26.64     55,400     24.94
    Flight attendants.................................................................     108,510     ()      46,750      () 
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................   3,851,720    17.53     36,460     16.43
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............      19,950    12.25     25,470     11.41
    Bus drivers.......................................................................     674,180    15.85     32,980     14.88
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................     168,620    19.31     40,160     18.41
     Bus drivers, school or special client............................................     505,560    14.70     30,580     14.18
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................   2,922,450    18.28     38,030     17.23
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................     417,660    13.41     27,890     10.79
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................   1,678,280    20.43     42,500     19.36
     Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................     826,510    16.38     34,080     14.35
    Taxi drivers and chauffeurs.......................................................     180,960    12.53     26,070     11.30
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................      54,160    16.07     33,430     14.05
   Rail transportation workers........................................................     122,010    27.52     57,230     26.88
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................      43,560    27.87     57,980     26.46
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................      37,490    28.54     59,360     27.04
     Locomotive firers................................................................       1,610    26.22     54,540     23.30
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       4,460    22.88     47,600     22.01
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators......................................      18,970    25.96     53,990     25.97
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................      42,330    27.29     56,760     26.89
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................      12,600    29.12     60,580     29.98
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................       4,550    28.25     58,760     28.77
   Water transportation workers.......................................................      77,260    31.11     64,720     26.44
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................      30,570    20.63     42,910     19.84
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................      36,760    37.98     79,000     34.82
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................      33,110    39.98     83,150     36.91
     Motorboat operators..............................................................       3,650    19.88     41,350     17.69
    Ship engineers....................................................................       9,940    37.97     78,970     35.03
   Other transportation workers.......................................................     343,230    14.14     29,410     11.00
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................       3,170    22.10     45,980     23.33
    Parking lot attendants............................................................     144,150    10.83     22,520      9.92
    Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................     109,710    11.27     23,440     10.36
    Traffic technicians...............................................................       6,750    22.92     47,660     21.12
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................      25,860    34.72     72,220     34.05
    Transportation attendants, except flight attendants...............................      15,680    14.68     30,540     12.47
    Transportation workers, all other.................................................      37,900    18.52     38,520     17.74
   Material moving workers............................................................   4,495,380    13.81     28,710     12.22
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................      32,890    16.88     35,100     15.41
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................      46,490    26.23     54,560     24.83
    Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators.................................      54,930    21.54     44,810     19.54
     Dredge operators.................................................................       1,850    21.18     44,040     19.26
     Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................      49,880    21.41     44,520     19.26
     Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................       3,210    23.91     49,740     25.15
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................       2,880    24.37     50,680     20.30
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................     539,810    16.39     34,090     15.43
    Laborers and material movers, hand................................................   3,637,790    12.86     26,760     11.50
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................     336,960    11.51     23,940     10.25
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................   2,487,680    13.39     27,840     12.02
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................     100,020    14.89     30,960     14.15
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................     713,130    11.40     23,710     10.10
    Pumping station operators.........................................................      30,350    23.35     48,570     22.69
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       4,100    27.65     57,510     28.06
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................      13,390    22.21     46,200     20.39
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................      12,860    23.17     48,180     22.59
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................     114,220    17.48     36,370     16.25
    Mine shuttle car operators........................................................       2,310    26.50     55,120     26.59
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................      11,960    19.72     41,010     17.63
    Material moving workers, all other................................................      21,740    17.82     37,060     14.60

   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from
the reported survey data.

   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

   3 Represents a wage equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour.




Last Modified Date: March 30, 2016