Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, March 25, 2015                        USDL-15-0479

Technical information: (202) 691-6569 • oesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/oes
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov


                     OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2014


The occupations with the largest employment in May 2014 were retail salespersons and
cashiers, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These two occupations
combined made up nearly 6 percent of total U.S. employment, with employment levels of
4.6 million and 3.4 million, respectively. Of the 10 largest occupations, only registered
nurses, with an annual mean wage of $69,790, had an average wage above the U.S. all-
occupations mean of $47,230. The highest paying occupations overall included several
physician and dentist occupations, chief executives, nurse anesthetists, and petroleum
engineers. National employment and wage information for all occupations is shown in 
table 1.

The data in this news release are from the Occupational Employment Statistics program,
which produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations for the nation,
states, and metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas; and by industry or ownership at the
national level. This release contains data on science, technology, engineering, and
mathematics (STEM) occupations. A list of occupations included in the STEM definition
used for this release is available at www.bls.gov/oes/stem_list.xlsx.

Occupations

   --The 10 largest occupations accounted for 21 percent of total employment in May 2014.
     In addition to retail salespersons and cashiers, the largest occupations included
     combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food; general office
     clerks; registered nurses; customer service representatives; and waiters and
     waitresses.

   --Most of the largest occupations were relatively low paying. Excluding registered
     nurses, annual mean wages for the rest of the 10 largest occupations ranged
     from $19,110 for combined food preparation and serving workers to $34,500 for
     secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive.
     Combined food preparation and serving workers also was one of the lowest paying
     occupations overall, along with fast food cooks ($19,030), shampooers ($19,480),
     and dishwashers ($19,540).

   --There were over 8.3 million STEM jobs in May 2014, representing about 6.2 percent
     of total U.S. employment. Seven of the 10 largest STEM occupations were related
     to computers. These occupations included applications software developers, with
     employment of 686,470; computer user support specialists (563,540); and computer
     systems analysts (528,320). Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives of
     technical and scientific products (335,540) was the largest STEM occupation that
     was not specifically computer related. (See table 1.)

   --Ninety-three of the 100 STEM occupations had mean wages significantly above the
     all-occupations average. The highest paying STEM occupations included petroleum
     engineers, with an annual mean wage of $147,520; physicists ($117,300); and the
     three STEM-related management occupations. The lowest paying STEM occupations
     included agricultural and food science technicians ($37,330) and forest and
     conservation technicians ($37,990). (See table 1.)

   --Office and administrative support was the largest occupational group, making up
     about 16 percent of total U.S. employment. The next largest groups were sales
     and related occupations and food preparation and serving related occupations,
     which made up about 11 percent and 9 percent of U.S. employment, respectively.
     The smallest occupational groups included farming, fishing, and forestry occupations;
     legal occupations; and life, physical, and social science occupations, each making
     up less than 1 percent of total employment.

   --The highest paying occupational groups were management, legal, and computer
     and mathematical occupations. The lowest paying occupational groups included
     food preparation and serving related; personal care and service; and farming,
     fishing, and forestry occupations, each with an annual mean wage of about
     $25,000 or less. (See table 1.)

Occupational profiles for all occupations are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_stru.htm.

Ownership

   --Overall, the private sector accounted for about 84 percent of employment, but
     made up a higher share of employment in some occupations. Occupations found
     only in the private sector included flight attendants, oil and gas roustabouts,
     funeral attendants, and a number of production occupations, such as semiconductor
     processors and tire builders.

   --Eight of the 10 largest occupations in the private sector were the same as those
     in the economy as a whole. Stock clerks and order fillers and general and operations
     managers rounded out the largest private sector occupations.

   --Occupations found only in the public sector included tax examiners and collectors,
     and revenue agents; judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates; and fish and
     game wardens. Although found in both the public and private sectors, conservation
     scientists, emergency management directors, zoologists and wildlife biologists, and
     many types of postsecondary teachers also had above-average shares of their employment
     in the public sector.

   --Five of the 10 largest occupations in the public sector were related to education,
     including elementary school teachers, except special education, with public sector
     employment of over 1.2 million; teacher assistants (933,500); and secondary school
     teachers, except special and career/technical education (845,480). These occupations
     were found primarily in local government.

   --The largest occupations in state government were correctional officers and jailers;
     general office clerks; and secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal,
     medical, and executive. Registered nurses, management analysts, and compliance
     officers were among the largest occupations in federal government.

OES data by ownership are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

Industry

   --Health care and social assistance and retail trade were the industry sectors with
     the largest employment. Over half of May 2014 employment in the health care and
     social assistance sector was in healthcare related occupations. Registered nurses,
     with sector employment of nearly 2.4 million; nursing assistants (1.3 million);
     and personal care aides (1.2 million) were the largest occupations in this sector.
     More than 60 percent of retail trade employment was in only 4 occupations: retail
     salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and order fillers, and first-line supervisors
     of retail sales workers. 

   --Some occupations were highly concentrated in specific industries, while other
     occupations were more widely distributed across industries. For example, about
     81 percent of biochemists and biophysicists were found in only three industries:
     scientific research and development services; pharmaceutical and medicine
     manufacturing; and colleges, universities, and professional schools. On the
     other hand, general office clerks were employed in over 280 industries, with
     no single industry accounting for more than about 6 percent of jobs in this
     occupation.

   --Industries with the highest all-occupations mean wages included software publishers,
     computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing, and several financial services
     industries. These industries tended to have high employment concentrations of
     occupations with high wages. For example, the largest occupations in the security
     and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage industry included securities,
     commodities, and financial services sales agents, with an annual mean wage of
     $136,920; personal financial advisors ($119,180); and financial analysts
     ($110,510). By comparison, in restaurants and other eating places, the industry
     with the lowest overall average wage, 4 of the 5 largest occupations had annual
     mean wages below $25,000.

   --Wages for individual occupations could also differ greatly across industries.
     For example, wages for computer systems analysts varied by industry from
     $58,940 in motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing to $118,770 in support
     activities for mining. Wages for meeting, convention, and event planners ranged
     from $26,550 in book stores and news dealers to $83,560 in aerospace product
     and parts manufacturing.

OES national industry-specific data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

State and Local Area

   --States and metropolitan areas with large total employment also tended to have
     the largest employment of many individual occupations. However, employment
     concentrations for a given occupation often varied by geographic area. For
     example, as a percentage of total state employment, Massachusetts and Virginia
     had about 2.9 and 2.6 times as many systems software developers, respectively,
     as the U.S. as a whole. At the metropolitan area level, this occupation was
     particularly concentrated in San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., and the
     Framingham, Mass., NECTA division, both of which had concentrations of systems
     software developers nearly 10 times the U.S. average.

   --Some occupations were especially concentrated geographically. For example, about
     70 percent of petroleum engineers were employed in only three states: Texas,
     Oklahoma, and California. Metropolitan areas with the highest concentrations
     of this occupation included Midland, Texas, which had a concentration of
     petroleum engineers nearly 72 times the U.S. average; Casper, Wyo.; and
     Houston-Sugarland-Baytown, Texas.

   --Wages for a given occupation also varied by area. In addition to having a high
     employment concentration of systems software developers, San Jose-Sunnyvale-
     Santa Clara, Calif., also was the highest paying metropolitan area for this
     occupation, with an annual mean wage of $138,410. Wages for systems software
     developers in other metropolitan areas ranged from $52,720 in Lafayette, La.,
     to $124,220 in the Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, Calif., metropolitan division. At
     the state level, wages for this occupation ranged from $68,580 in North Dakota
     to $124,070 in California.

OES data, including location quotients, by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan
area are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.




Technical Note

Scope of the survey

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey
measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in
nonfarm establishments in the United States. OES data available from BLS include
cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; nearly
650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical
areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories;
national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected
5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all
industries and for schools and hospitals.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce
Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical
support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES
estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments.
Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000
sampled establishments, one panel in May and the other in November. May 2014
estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a
3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and
November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3
percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled
employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all
six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national
employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the
federal shutdown in October 2013.)

The occupational coding system

The OES survey categorizes workers into 821 detailed occupations based on the
Office of Management and Budget’s 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC)
system. Together, these detailed occupations make up 22 of the 23 SOC major
occupational groups. Major group 55, Military Specific Occupations, is not
included.

For more information about the SOC system, please see the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system

The May 2014 OES estimates use the 2012 North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with the exception
of logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop production (NAICS 1151), and
support activities for animal production (NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814)
also are excluded. OES federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and
the federal executive branch only. All other industries, including state and local
government, are covered by the survey. 

Survey sample

The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI) files.
Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) and Guam
because they do not report to the UI program. The OES survey sample is stratified
by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry, and size.

To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more likely to be
selected than smaller employers. A census is taken of the executive branch of the
federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and state government.

Concepts

Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary employment in an
occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the number of workers who can be
classified as full- or part-time employees, including workers on paid vacations or
other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers,
executives, and staff members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned
to other units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent duty
station, regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck. The survey does
not include the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household
workers, or unpaid family workers.

Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base
rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay,
including commissions and production bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded are
overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer cost
for supplementary benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and
some state governments. For the remaining establishments, the OES survey collects
wage data in 12 intervals. For each occupation, respondents are asked to report the
number of employees paid within specific wage intervals. The intervals are defined
both as hourly rates and the corresponding annual rates, where the annual rate for an
occupation is calculated by multiplying the hourly wage rate by a typical work year
of 2,080 hours. The responding establishments are instructed to report the hourly rate
for part-time workers, and to report annual rates for occupations that are typically
paid at an annual  rate but do not work 2,080 hours per year, such as teachers, pilots,
and flight attendants. Other workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid
hourly rates, but generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these
workers, only an hourly wage is reported.

Estimation methodology

The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels of data collected
over a 3-year period. Each OES panel includes approximately 200,000 establishments. The
full six-panel sample of nearly 1.2 million establishments allows the production of
estimates at detailed levels of geography, industry, and occupation.

Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by combining six 
panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas and occupations. Wages for the
current panel need no adjustment. However, wages in the five previous panels need to be
updated to the current panel's reference period.

The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust survey data from prior
panels before combining them with the current panel's data. The wage updating procedure
adjusts each detailed occupation's wage rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according
to the average movement of its broader occupational division.

Imputation. About 25 percent of establishments do not respond for a given panel. For most
employers, a "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to impute missing
occupational employment totals. A variant of mean imputation is used to impute missing 
wage distributions. In some cases, data for current panel nonrespondents are available
for earlier panels. In those cases, the older data may be used and aged to represent the
current reference period. 

Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to represent all
establishments for the reference period. Weights are further adjusted by the ratio of
employment totals (the average of November 2013 and May 2014 employment) from the BLS
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages to employment totals from the OES survey.

Changes and special procedures for the May 2014 estimates

In previous sets of estimates, local government gambling establishments and casino hotels
were included in OES-defined industry 999300 Local Government. Beginning with the May 2014
estimates, local government gambling establishments and casino hotels will be included in
NAICS 7132 Gambling Industries and 72112 Casino Hotels, respectively, along with private
sector establishments in those industries.

The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program, from which the OES sample is drawn,
has recently begun coding some establishments that were historically found in NAICS 814110
Private Households to NAICS 624120 Services for the Elderly and Persons with Disabilities.
Private households are out of scope for OES, so this shift caused a scope increase for OES
in NAICS 624120. Because this scope increase affected only the most recent (May 2014) of
the six survey panels used to produce the May 2014 OES estimates, the units that shifted
industries were removed from the survey data and not used in estimation.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey
is available in the Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.




Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2014
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                         Employment      Mean wages      Median
                          Occupation                                                                  Hourly  Annual(1)  hourly
                                                                                                                               
All occupations.......................................................................  135,128,260   $22.71  $47,230    $17.09
                                                                                                                               
Management occupations................................................................    6,741,640    54.08  112,490     46.75
   Top executives.....................................................................    2,351,130    58.68  122,060     48.51
    Chief executives..................................................................      246,240    86.88  180,700     83.33
    General and operations managers...................................................    2,049,870    56.35  117,200     46.77
    Legislators.......................................................................       55,020     (²)    40,430      (²) 
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........      629,670    61.48  127,880     54.92
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................       29,340    55.15  114,700     46.50
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................      543,410    62.45  129,900     56.01
     Marketing managers...............................................................      184,490    66.06  137,400     61.12
     Sales managers...................................................................      358,920    60.60  126,040     53.20
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................       56,920    55.48  115,400     48.80
   Operations specialties managers....................................................    1,624,000    56.44  117,390     50.84
    Administrative services managers..................................................      268,730    44.35   92,250     40.28
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................      330,360    65.52  136,280     61.37
    Financial managers................................................................      518,030    62.61  130,230     55.44
    Industrial production managers....................................................      167,200    48.87  101,640     44.46
    Purchasing managers...............................................................       70,840    53.76  111,810     51.01
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................      106,000    44.80   93,180     41.06
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................       16,380    57.05  118,670     51.96
    Human resources managers..........................................................      116,610    54.88  114,140     49.41
    Training and development managers.................................................       29,870    53.38  111,030     49.01
   Other management occupations.......................................................    2,136,840    45.06   93,720     40.77
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................        4,300    34.89   72,570     32.72
    Construction managers.............................................................      227,710    45.47   94,590     41.17
    Education administrators..........................................................      441,950    43.23   89,920     40.76
     Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................       47,150    25.09   52,190     21.76
     Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................      231,800     (²)    91,780      (²) 
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................      131,070    48.99  101,910     42.49
     Education administrators, all other..............................................       31,920    39.88   82,960     37.03
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................      179,320    66.69  138,720     62.80
    Food service managers.............................................................      198,610    25.72   53,500     23.34
    Funeral service managers..........................................................        8,330    38.98   81,080     33.11
    Gaming managers...................................................................        3,870    36.34   75,590     32.36
    Lodging managers..................................................................       31,740    27.51   57,230     22.93
    Medical and health services managers..............................................      310,320    49.84  103,680     44.62
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................       53,290    65.60  136,450     57.71
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................       17,930    32.21   67,000     31.64
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................      171,140    31.67   65,880     26.09
    Social and community service managers.............................................      116,670    32.56   67,730     30.16
    Emergency management directors....................................................        9,770    33.56   69,810     30.94
    Managers, all other...............................................................      361,900    52.99  110,210     50.51
                                                                                                                               
Business and financial operations occupations.........................................    6,828,940    34.81   72,410     31.15
   Business operations specialists....................................................    4,264,370    33.69   70,060     30.71
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................       11,860    46.74   97,220     30.87
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................      410,230    30.22   62,850     28.14
     Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................       11,250    29.02   60,350     26.48
     Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................      110,560    27.98   58,190     25.13
     Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................      288,430    31.12   64,730     29.32
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................      279,980    30.56   63,560     29.95
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................      266,280    30.53   63,500     29.91
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................       13,690    31.13   64,750     30.49
    Compliance officers...............................................................      246,970    32.69   68,000     31.23
    Cost estimators...................................................................      209,130    30.93   64,340     28.87
    Human resources workers...........................................................      536,900    29.85   62,100     27.57
     Human resources specialists......................................................      456,170    30.09   62,590     27.60
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................          950    22.98   47,790     19.77
     Labor relations specialists......................................................       79,780    28.56   59,410     27.38
    Logisticians......................................................................      125,670    36.94   76,830     35.51
    Management analysts...............................................................      587,450    43.68   90,860     38.89
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................       77,940    24.48   50,910     22.35
    Fundraisers.......................................................................       55,230    27.33   56,840     25.21
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................       80,970    30.95   64,380     29.13
    Training and development specialists..............................................      239,500    29.58   61,530     27.57
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................      468,160    33.03   68,700     29.47
    Business operations specialists, all other........................................      934,370    35.10   73,000     32.35
   Financial specialists..............................................................    2,564,560    36.69   76,320     31.83
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................    1,187,310    35.42   73,670     31.70
    Appraisers and assessors of real estate...........................................       63,220    27.89   58,010     25.27
    Budget analysts...................................................................       57,120    35.55   73,940     34.24
    Credit analysts...................................................................       69,390    36.52   75,970     32.22
    Financial analysts and advisors...................................................      550,820    45.33   94,290     36.70
     Financial analysts...............................................................      262,610    44.35   92,250     37.80
     Personal financial advisors......................................................      196,490    51.97  108,090     38.97
     Insurance underwriters...........................................................       91,720    33.93   70,570     30.88
    Financial examiners...............................................................       36,830    41.57   86,460     36.69
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................      330,180    34.29   71,330     28.91
     Credit counselors................................................................       29,600    22.89   47,600     20.24
     Loan officers....................................................................      300,580    35.42   73,670     30.11
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................      132,230    24.11   50,140     21.66
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................       63,640    27.35   56,890     24.58
     Tax preparers....................................................................       68,590    21.09   43,870     17.30
    Financial specialists, all other..................................................      137,460    34.24   71,230     31.46
                                                                                                                               
Computer and mathematical occupations.................................................    3,834,180    40.37   83,970     38.18
   Computer occupations...............................................................    3,692,980    40.31   83,840     38.17
    Computer and information research scientists......................................       24,210    54.42  113,190     52.09
    Computer and information analysts.................................................      608,500    42.25   87,890     40.13
     Computer systems analysts........................................................      528,320    41.98   87,320     39.76
     Information security analysts....................................................       80,180    44.04   91,600     42.74
    Software developers and programmers...............................................    1,492,040    45.81   95,280     43.90
     Computer programmers.............................................................      302,150    39.75   82,690     37.28
     Software developers, applications................................................      686,470    47.85   99,530     45.92
     Software developers, systems software............................................      382,400    50.98  106,050     49.46
     Web developers...................................................................      121,020    33.02   68,670     30.52
    Database and systems administrators and network architects........................      617,680    40.85   84,970     38.87
     Database administrators..........................................................      112,170    39.56   82,280     38.60
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................      365,430    38.35   79,770     36.44
     Computer network architects......................................................      140,080    48.42  100,710     47.32
    Computer support specialists......................................................      738,030    26.42   54,960     24.22
     Computer user support specialists................................................      563,540    24.76   51,500     22.89
     Computer network support specialists.............................................      174,490    31.80   66,140     29.72
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................      212,510    41.12   85,520     40.10
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................      141,200    42.08   87,530     38.59
    Actuaries.........................................................................       21,490    52.93  110,090     46.49
    Mathematicians....................................................................        3,130    50.17  104,350     49.86
    Operations research analysts......................................................       86,950    39.88   82,940     36.86
    Statisticians.....................................................................       26,970    40.39   84,010     38.46
    Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations....................................        2,660    34.12   70,970     29.50
     Mathematical technicians.........................................................        1,060    29.94   62,280     26.03
     Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................        1,600    36.90   76,740     32.00
                                                                                                                               
Architecture and engineering occupations..............................................    2,418,020    39.19   81,520     36.43
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................      160,590    35.02   72,830     32.65
    Architects, except naval..........................................................      107,000    37.81   78,640     35.08
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................       88,900    38.70   80,490     35.83
     Landscape architects.............................................................       18,110    33.43   69,530     31.04
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................       53,580    29.44   61,240     27.88
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................       11,610    31.04   64,570     29.29
     Surveyors........................................................................       41,970    29.00   60,310     27.43
   Engineers..........................................................................    1,574,480    45.01   93,630     42.65
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................       69,080    51.78  107,700     50.66
    Agricultural engineers............................................................        2,450    36.27   75,440     34.48
    Biomedical engineers..............................................................       20,080    44.12   91,760     41.81
    Chemical engineers................................................................       33,470    49.80  103,590     46.60
    Civil engineers...................................................................      263,460    41.89   87,130     39.45
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................       76,360    53.20  110,650     52.13
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................      308,530    46.86   97,460     44.84
     Electrical engineers.............................................................      174,550    46.05   95,780     43.95
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................      133,990    47.91   99,660     46.05
    Environmental engineers...........................................................       53,240    41.51   86,340     40.08
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................      261,510    40.91   85,080     39.19
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......       24,530    40.79   84,850     39.34
     Industrial engineers.............................................................      236,990    40.92   85,110     39.18
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................        7,570    47.67   99,160     44.68
    Materials engineers...............................................................       24,990    43.82   91,150     42.16
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................      270,700    41.89   87,140     39.93
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................        8,200    48.54  100,970     43.34
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................       16,520    50.30  104,630     48.30
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................       33,740    70.92  147,520     62.53
    Engineers, all other..............................................................      124,570    46.32   96,350     45.31
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................      682,950    26.77   55,670     25.70
    Drafters..........................................................................      199,260    26.37   54,850     24.97
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................       91,520    25.23   52,480     24.03
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................       29,390    29.83   62,040     28.26
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................       64,070    26.57   55,260     25.10
     Drafters, all other..............................................................       14,270    25.70   53,450     24.04
    Engineering technicians, except drafters..........................................      432,950    27.61   57,430     26.77
     Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................       11,230    30.92   64,310     30.66
     Civil engineering technicians....................................................       71,300    24.18   50,290     23.24
     Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................      137,040    29.01   60,330     28.76
     Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................       14,430    26.73   55,600     25.52
     Environmental engineering technicians............................................       18,080    24.53   51,030     23.16
     Industrial engineering technicians...............................................       65,680    26.76   55,660     25.66
     Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................       47,560    26.67   55,470     25.74
     Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................       67,640    30.35   63,140     29.60
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................       50,750    21.09   43,870     19.60
                                                                                                                               
Life, physical, and social science occupations........................................    1,144,440    33.69   70,070     29.55
   Life scientists....................................................................      278,790    38.44   79,950     34.12
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................       31,670    31.85   66,250     29.18
     Animal scientists................................................................        2,350    34.90   72,590     29.38
     Food scientists and technologists................................................       14,170    32.15   66,870     29.56
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................       15,150    31.10   64,680     28.81
    Biological scientists.............................................................      103,210    38.08   79,200     34.59
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................       31,350    44.21   91,960     40.84
     Microbiologists..................................................................       20,670    36.79   76,530     32.59
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................       18,970    30.40   63,230     28.02
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................       32,230    37.46   77,920     35.92
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................       28,350    30.30   63,020     29.02
     Conservation scientists..........................................................       19,210    30.97   64,420     29.74
     Foresters........................................................................        9,140    28.88   60,070     27.87
    Medical scientists................................................................      106,160    42.95   89,340     37.94
     Epidemiologists..................................................................        5,420    35.63   74,120     32.41
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................      100,740    43.35   90,160     38.43
    Life scientists, all other........................................................        9,400    38.11   79,270     33.22
   Physical scientists................................................................      274,510    40.77   84,790     36.66
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................       18,450    55.95  116,380     52.54
     Astronomers......................................................................        1,660    51.51  107,140     50.68
     Physicists.......................................................................       16,790    56.39  117,300     52.69
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       10,850    42.35   88,090     42.30
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................       92,870    38.59   80,270     35.92
     Chemists.........................................................................       85,970    38.05   79,140     35.33
     Materials scientists.............................................................        6,900    45.36   94,350     44.22
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................      129,310    39.09   81,320     34.28
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................       88,740    34.64   72,050     31.85
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................       34,000    50.67  105,390     43.22
     Hydrologists.....................................................................        6,580    39.39   81,930     37.68
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................       23,030    46.00   95,670     45.21
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................      239,140    36.72   76,380     34.15
    Economists........................................................................       18,680    50.62  105,290     46.02
    Survey researchers................................................................       15,410    26.31   54,730     23.92
    Psychologists.....................................................................      117,820    36.44   75,790     33.99
     Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................      104,730    35.59   74,030     33.12
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................        1,110    43.30   90,070     36.99
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................       11,980    43.18   89,810     44.28
    Sociologists......................................................................        2,240    37.89   78,810     35.01
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................       35,820    33.18   69,010     32.18
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................       49,170    37.91   78,850     36.23
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................        7,040    29.80   61,980     28.50
     Geographers......................................................................        1,260    36.35   75,610     36.74
     Historians.......................................................................        3,220    29.41   61,180     26.86
     Political scientists.............................................................        5,640    50.00  104,000     50.44
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................       32,010    38.48   80,040     36.36
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................      351,990    22.35   46,480     20.49
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................       20,640    17.95   37,330     16.89
    Biological technicians............................................................       72,640    21.45   44,610     19.85
    Chemical technicians..............................................................       63,760    22.78   47,390     21.24
    Geological and petroleum technicians..............................................       16,020    28.13   58,500     26.35
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................        6,380    36.52   75,960     35.91
    Social science research assistants................................................       27,780    20.71   43,070     18.97
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      144,780    22.28   46,350     20.59
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............       33,760    22.07   45,910     20.29
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................       13,570    28.18   58,610     26.61
     Forest and conservation technicians..............................................       30,310    18.27   37,990     16.95
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................       67,140    23.01   47,860     21.47
                                                                                                                               
Community and social service occupations..............................................    1,930,750    21.79   45,310     19.85
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....    1,857,280    21.78   45,310     19.85
    Counselors........................................................................      613,750    23.09   48,030     21.40
     Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors...............................       85,180    20.13   41,870     18.88
     Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................      246,280    26.94   56,040     25.66
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................       30,150    24.87   51,730     23.10
     Mental health counselors.........................................................      120,010    21.15   43,990     19.64
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................      103,890    18.22   37,890     16.53
     Counselors, all other............................................................       28,240    22.71   47,240     21.55
    Social workers....................................................................      603,300    23.63   49,150     21.88
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................      286,520    22.20   46,180     20.25
     Healthcare social workers........................................................      145,920    25.77   53,590     24.97
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................      109,460    22.03   45,820     19.90
     Social workers, all other........................................................       61,410    28.08   58,410     28.42
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................      640,230    18.78   39,070     16.88
     Health educators.................................................................       57,020    26.57   55,260     24.24
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................       86,810    25.65   53,360     23.59
     Social and human service assistants..............................................      354,800    15.32   31,860     14.32
     Community health workers.........................................................       47,880    18.35   38,180     16.76
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................       93,710    21.03   43,740     19.91
   Religious workers..................................................................       73,470    21.88   45,510     19.82
    Clergy............................................................................       46,510    22.95   47,730     21.13
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................       18,850    21.48   44,680     18.50
    Religious workers, all other......................................................        8,110    16.69   34,700     14.24
                                                                                                                               
Legal occupations.....................................................................    1,052,900    48.61  101,110     36.95
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................      663,910    62.21  129,410     53.76
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................      614,970    63.45  131,970     54.50
     Lawyers..........................................................................      603,310    64.17  133,470     55.27
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................       11,660    26.13   54,350     23.38
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................       48,940    46.74   97,230     44.73
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................       14,140    44.00   91,530     42.30
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................        6,710    34.01   70,740     27.49
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................       28,090    51.16  106,420     55.36
   Legal support workers..............................................................      388,990    25.40   52,830     23.14
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................      272,580    24.92   51,840     23.24
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................      116,410    26.51   55,140     22.93
     Court reporters..................................................................       18,330    26.44   55,000     23.97
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................       52,960    23.17   48,190     20.71
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................       45,120    30.45   63,340     25.84
                                                                                                                               
Education, training, and library occupations..........................................    8,435,780    25.10   52,210     22.43
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................    1,522,210     (²)    75,780      (²) 
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................       85,030     (²)    88,740      (²) 
    Math and computer teachers, postsecondary.........................................       89,420     (²)    76,780      (²) 
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................       35,410     (²)    80,730      (²) 
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................       54,010     (²)    74,200      (²) 
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................       43,840     (²)    99,120      (²) 
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................        7,190     (²)    84,470      (²) 
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................       36,650     (²)   102,000      (²) 
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................       64,490     (²)    86,760      (²) 
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................        9,890     (²)    90,100      (²) 
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................       52,750     (²)    86,200      (²) 
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................        1,850     (²)    84,810      (²) 
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................       51,820     (²)    87,070      (²) 
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........       10,890     (²)    90,340      (²) 
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................       21,470     (²)    83,360      (²) 
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................        5,300     (²)    86,200      (²) 
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................       14,160     (²)    90,500      (²) 
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................      116,310     (²)    80,670      (²) 
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................        6,100     (²)    81,410      (²) 
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................        9,150     (²)    78,120      (²) 
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................       13,710     (²)   102,120      (²) 
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................        4,440     (²)    74,690      (²) 
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................       17,050     (²)    82,670      (²) 
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................       37,930     (²)    76,390      (²) 
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................       16,900     (²)    74,860      (²) 
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................       11,030     (²)    78,690      (²) 
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................      224,930     (²)   102,260      (²) 
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................      168,090     (²)   112,950      (²) 
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................       56,840     (²)    70,650      (²) 
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................       64,510     (²)    65,690      (²) 
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................       59,980     (²)    65,180      (²) 
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................        4,540     (²)    72,440      (²) 
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................       41,850     (²)    87,900      (²) 
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................       14,890     (²)    61,750      (²) 
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................       15,990     (²)   126,270      (²) 
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................       10,970     (²)    67,500      (²) 
    Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary......................      281,020     (²)    71,530      (²) 
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................       97,500     (²)    75,350      (²) 
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................       29,470     (²)    69,230      (²) 
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       76,320     (²)    68,390      (²) 
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       30,880     (²)    67,910      (²) 
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................       23,640     (²)    73,720      (²) 
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................       23,210     (²)    71,350      (²) 
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................      458,990     (²)    56,830      (²) 
     Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................      126,030     (²)    32,970      (²) 
     Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................        3,620     (²)    68,030      (²) 
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................       18,650     (²)    65,220      (²) 
     Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................      121,200    25.54   53,130     23.25
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................      189,490     (²)    74,040      (²) 
   Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers...............    4,045,100     (²)    55,510      (²) 
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................      510,650    18.60   38,680     16.39
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................      352,420    15.40   32,040     13.52
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................      158,240     (²)    53,480      (²) 
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................    1,997,640     (²)    57,080      (²) 
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................    1,353,020     (²)    56,830      (²) 
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............      630,620     (²)    57,620      (²) 
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................       14,000     (²)    56,970      (²) 
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................    1,041,940     (²)    59,180      (²) 
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........      960,380     (²)    59,330      (²) 
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................       81,560     (²)    57,370      (²) 
    Special education teachers........................................................      494,870     (²)    58,850      (²) 
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................       24,080     (²)    57,860      (²) 
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................      200,820     (²)    57,140      (²) 
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................       94,820     (²)    59,590      (²) 
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................      135,520     (²)    61,350      (²) 
     Special education teachers, all other............................................       39,620     (²)    57,820      (²) 
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................    1,160,720    17.90   37,240     14.62
    Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors.........       65,990    25.40   52,830     23.84
    Self-enrichment education teachers................................................      202,360    19.72   41,020     17.32
    Miscellaneous teachers and instructors............................................      892,360    16.94   35,230     13.75
     Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers..................      269,760     (²)    47,780      (²) 
     Substitute teachers..............................................................      622,600    14.32   29,790     12.60
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................      253,930    23.20   48,260     21.84
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................       26,510    24.66   51,290     22.26
     Archivists.......................................................................        5,360    25.45   52,930     23.61
     Curators.........................................................................       11,200    27.26   56,690     24.65
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................        9,950    21.31   44,320     19.20
    Librarians........................................................................      133,150    27.94   58,110     27.01
    Library technicians...............................................................       94,260    16.10   33,490     15.23
   Other education, training, and library occupations.................................    1,453,820     (²)    31,000      (²) 
    Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists...............................        8,960    22.30   46,390     21.19
    Farm and home management advisors.................................................        8,900    23.56   49,000     22.36
    Instructional coordinators........................................................      133,780    30.79   64,040     29.59
    Teacher assistants................................................................    1,192,590     (²)    26,000      (²) 
    Education, training, and library workers, all other...............................      109,600    20.35   42,330     18.22
                                                                                                                               
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations............................    1,793,700    26.82   55,790     21.72
   Art and design workers.............................................................      531,920    24.55   51,070     20.72
    Artists and related workers.......................................................       86,710    36.15   75,200     31.66
     Art directors....................................................................       33,140    47.05   97,850     41.16
     Craft artists....................................................................        4,760    17.45   36,300     14.94
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................       12,100    24.58   51,120     21.10
     Multimedia artists and animators.................................................       29,000    33.37   69,410     30.59
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................        7,700    29.52   61,410     28.00
    Designers.........................................................................      445,200    22.29   46,370     19.16
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................       29,410    32.23   67,030     31.07
     Fashion designers................................................................       17,840    35.43   73,690     30.78
     Floral designers.................................................................       45,050    12.75   26,520     11.90
     Graphic designers................................................................      197,540    24.36   50,670     22.07
     Interior designers...............................................................       45,010    26.37   54,850     23.27
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................       93,000    14.20   29,530     12.78
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................       10,460    25.55   53,150     23.95
     Designers, all other.............................................................        6,890    26.61   55,360     23.71
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................      491,110    27.83   57,880     19.09
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................      156,510    41.09   85,470     28.63
     Actors...........................................................................       59,210    37.28    (²)       19.82
     Producers and directors..........................................................       97,300    43.41   90,300     33.22
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................      240,780     (²)    40,600      (²) 
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................       11,520     (²)    78,260      (²) 
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................      211,760     (²)    39,150      (²) 
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................       17,510     (²)    33,400      (²) 
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................       17,270    20.68   43,020     16.87
     Dancers..........................................................................       11,240    18.53    (²)       14.31
     Choreographers...................................................................        6,030    24.71   51,390     21.28
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................       60,770    30.36    (²)       23.60
     Music directors and composers....................................................       21,880    26.55   55,230     23.16
     Musicians and singers............................................................       38,900    32.49    (²)       24.16
    Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other................       15,780    21.10    (²)       16.90
   Media and communication workers....................................................      556,340    29.08   60,490     25.18
    Announcers........................................................................       37,680    20.58   42,810     13.95
     Radio and television announcers..................................................       30,220    21.17   44,030     14.32
     Public address system and other announcers.......................................        7,450    18.20   37,850     12.37
    News analysts, reporters and correspondents.......................................       46,590    23.73   49,360     17.88
     Broadcast news analysts..........................................................        4,310    40.57   84,380     29.54
     Reporters and correspondents.....................................................       42,280    22.02   45,800     17.31
    Public relations specialists......................................................      208,030    30.79   64,050     26.77
    Writers and editors...............................................................      189,060    32.21   66,990     28.71
     Editors..........................................................................       97,350    30.84   64,140     26.39
     Technical writers................................................................       48,210    34.59   71,950     33.19
     Writers and authors..............................................................       43,500    32.63   67,870     28.30
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................       74,990    24.06   50,040     21.34
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................       49,460    23.71   49,320     20.96
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................       25,530    24.73   51,440     22.05
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................      214,330    24.30   50,550     20.09
    Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators...................      101,660    22.49   46,770     19.91
     Audio and video equipment technicians............................................       60,200    22.13   46,040     20.09
     Broadcast technicians............................................................       26,600    20.34   42,310     17.58
     Radio operators..................................................................        1,100    21.99   45,740     22.30
     Sound engineering technicians....................................................       13,750    28.21   58,670     23.98
    Photographers.....................................................................       52,250    18.44   38,350     14.66
    Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors................       42,770    32.28   67,130     25.23
     Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................       18,310    27.17   56,510     23.12
     Film and video editors...........................................................       24,460    36.10   75,090     27.51
    Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................       17,650    32.80   68,220     33.13
                                                                                                                               
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations....................................    7,854,380    36.54   76,010     29.67
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners.......................................    4,833,840    45.62   94,880     36.26
    Chiropractors.....................................................................       29,830    38.35   79,760     32.08
    Dentists..........................................................................      115,390    82.18  170,940     74.34
     Dentists, general................................................................       97,990    80.20  166,810     71.90
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................        5,120   105.58  219,600      (³) 
     Orthodontists....................................................................        6,190    96.65  201,030      (³) 
     Prosthodontists..................................................................          630    68.67  142,830     48.21
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................        5,450    81.05  168,580     81.78
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................       59,490    27.62   57,440     27.38
    Optometrists......................................................................       33,340    54.33  113,010     48.76
    Pharmacists.......................................................................      290,780    56.96  118,470     58.15
    Physicians and surgeons...........................................................      633,480    93.74  194,990      (³) 
     Anesthesiologists................................................................       30,060   118.42  246,320      (³) 
     Family and general practitioners.................................................      124,810    89.58  186,320     86.63
     Internists, general..............................................................       48,390    91.60  190,530      (³) 
     Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................       21,740   103.25  214,750      (³) 
     Pediatricians, general...........................................................       31,010    84.33  175,400     78.53
     Psychiatrists....................................................................       25,080    87.84  182,700     87.44
     Surgeons.........................................................................       41,070   115.60  240,440      (³) 
     Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................      311,320    91.23  189,760      (³) 
    Physician assistants..............................................................       91,670    46.77   97,280     46.07
    Podiatrists.......................................................................        8,910    66.10  137,480     58.03
    Therapists........................................................................      609,870    35.76   74,390     34.76
     Occupational therapists..........................................................      110,520    38.46   80,000     37.89
     Physical therapists..............................................................      200,670    40.35   83,940     39.61
     Radiation therapists.............................................................       16,380    40.25   83,710     38.51
     Recreational therapists..........................................................       17,950    22.14   46,060     21.15
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................      119,410    28.12   58,490     27.27
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................      126,500    36.01   74,900     34.40
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................        6,660    23.58   49,040     22.25
     Therapists, all other............................................................       11,770    28.46   59,190     26.87
    Veterinarians.....................................................................       62,470    47.23   98,230     42.11
    Registered nurses.................................................................    2,687,310    33.55   69,790     32.04
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................       36,590    76.40  158,900     73.93
    Nurse midwives....................................................................        5,110    46.97   97,700     46.62
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................      122,050    47.11   97,990     45.84
    Audiologists......................................................................       12,250    36.92   76,790     35.13
    Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other...........................       35,310    40.89   85,050     35.29
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................    2,876,000    21.66   45,060     19.92
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................      322,170    24.37   50,690     23.71
     Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................      161,710    29.12   60,560     28.57
     Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................      160,460    19.59   40,750     18.45
    Dental hygienists.................................................................      196,520    34.60   71,970     34.38
    Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................      357,690    29.23   60,800     28.64
     Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................       51,080    26.54   55,210     26.12
     Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................       59,760    32.88   68,390     32.47
     Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................       20,320    35.21   73,230     34.66
     Radiologic technologists.........................................................      193,400    27.65   57,510     26.86
     Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................       33,130    32.36   67,300     32.26
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................      235,760    16.88   35,110     15.24
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................      700,820    16.36   34,040     15.41
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................       28,690    13.75   28,600     12.39
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................      368,760    14.95   31,090     14.33
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................       64,540    16.91   35,160     14.97
     Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................       10,610    23.46   48,800     22.98
     Surgical technologists...........................................................       98,450    21.64   45,010     20.84
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................       93,300    15.56   32,350     14.94
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................       36,470    17.56   36,520     16.94
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................      695,610    20.87   43,420     20.43
    Medical records and health information technicians................................      184,740    18.68   38,860     17.26
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................       73,110    17.43   36,260     16.48
    Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................      109,580    22.85   47,520     20.53
     Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................        7,830    33.99   70,690     30.79
     Hearing aid specialists..........................................................        5,570    22.99   47,820     20.68
     Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................       96,170    21.93   45,620     19.91
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................      144,540    29.21   60,760     27.50
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................       79,120    32.25   67,070     31.42
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................       65,130    33.88   70,470     33.27
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................       13,990    24.65   51,270     23.14
    Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................       65,420    25.54   53,120     22.53
     Athletic trainers................................................................       22,400     (²)    45,730      (²) 
     Genetic counselors...............................................................        2,180    33.43   69,540     32.45
     Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................       40,840    27.07   56,300     23.76
                                                                                                                               
Healthcare support occupations........................................................    3,940,500    13.86   28,820     12.71
   Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides........................................    2,352,100    12.03   25,020     11.33
    Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.......................................    2,352,100    12.03   25,020     11.33
     Home health aides................................................................      799,080    10.77   22,400     10.28
     Psychiatric aides................................................................       72,860    13.67   28,430     12.61
     Nursing assistants...............................................................    1,427,740    12.62   26,250     12.07
     Orderlies........................................................................       52,420    12.82   26,670     11.85
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................      166,440    21.87   45,500     21.54
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................       40,800    24.68   51,330     25.14
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................       32,230    27.53   57,260     27.38
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................        8,570    13.96   29,040     12.76
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................      125,640    20.96   43,600     20.02
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................       76,910    26.12   54,330     26.16
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................       48,730    12.82   26,660     11.85
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................    1,421,960    15.94   33,160     15.17
    Massage therapists................................................................       87,670    20.09   41,790     17.88
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................    1,334,290    15.67   32,590     15.04
     Dental assistants................................................................      314,330    17.43   36,260     17.02
     Medical assistants...............................................................      584,970    15.01   31,220     14.41
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................       50,550    16.28   33,850     15.51
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................       61,210    17.11   35,580     16.71
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................       41,240    12.28   25,540     11.15
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................       71,060    12.20   25,370     11.44
     Phlebotomists....................................................................      111,950    15.33   31,890     14.74
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................       98,980    17.04   35,440     16.64
                                                                                                                               
Protective service occupations........................................................    3,297,180    21.14   43,980     17.88
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................      273,750    33.37   69,400     31.29
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................      146,560    37.18   77,340     35.40
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................       45,150    29.71   61,790     27.87
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................      101,420    40.51   84,260     38.91
    First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers....................       59,870    35.36   73,550     33.98
    First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other...................       67,310    23.29   48,440     22.03
   Fire fighting and prevention workers...............................................      321,790    23.60   49,080     22.27
    Firefighters......................................................................      308,790    23.44   48,750     22.10
    Fire inspectors...................................................................       13,000    27.41   57,010     25.97
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................       11,370    28.36   58,980     26.99
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................        1,630    20.78   43,230     17.52
   Law enforcement workers............................................................    1,216,140    26.81   55,770     24.57
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................      450,730    21.55   44,820     19.08
     Bailiffs.........................................................................       16,310    20.36   42,360     18.34
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................      434,420    21.59   44,910     19.12
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................      108,720    38.72   80,540     38.40
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................        5,820    25.61   53,260     24.46
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................        8,680    18.15   37,750     17.58
    Police officers...................................................................      642,190    28.62   59,530     27.29
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................      638,810    28.64   59,560     27.31
     Transit and railroad police......................................................        3,380    25.56   53,170     24.85
   Other protective service workers...................................................    1,485,490    13.72   28,530     11.82
    Animal control workers............................................................       13,450    16.52   34,370     15.65
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................       26,880    25.43   52,880     21.43
    Security guards and gaming surveillance officers..................................    1,087,550    13.50   28,080     11.76
     Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................       10,030    15.52   32,290     14.35
     Security guards..................................................................    1,077,520    13.48   28,040     11.74
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................      357,610    13.39   27,850     11.47
     Crossing guards..................................................................       66,310    13.00   27,040     11.90
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........      135,070    10.11   21,030      9.18
     Transportation security screeners................................................       43,220    18.56   38,600     18.31
     Protective service workers, all other............................................      113,020    15.56   32,360     13.67
                                                                                                                               
Food preparation and serving related occupations......................................   12,277,720    10.57   21,980      9.20
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................      985,470    16.36   34,030     14.66
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................      985,470    16.36   34,030     14.66
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................      118,130    22.06   45,880     20.01
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................      867,340    15.58   32,420     14.21
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................    3,077,690    10.73   22,310      9.93
    Cooks.............................................................................    2,227,470    10.91   22,680     10.16
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................      519,910     9.15   19,030      8.91
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................      402,800    12.00   24,970     11.27
     Cooks, private household.........................................................          560    13.22   27,500     11.03
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................    1,104,790    11.40   23,700     10.81
     Cooks, short order...............................................................      180,800    10.30   21,430      9.71
     Cooks, all other.................................................................       18,600    12.88   26,780     12.01
    Food preparation workers..........................................................      850,220    10.26   21,340      9.40
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................    6,883,630     9.85   20,480      8.96
    Bartenders........................................................................      579,700    10.88   22,620      9.16
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................    3,607,860     9.23   19,210      8.87
     Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............    3,131,390     9.19   19,110      8.85
     Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................      476,470     9.53   19,820      9.01
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................    2,445,230    10.40   21,640      9.01
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................      250,840    10.82   22,510      9.57
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................    1,330,930     9.65   20,070      9.03
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................      410,460     9.86   20,510      9.02
    Dishwashers.......................................................................      502,280     9.40   19,540      9.03
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................      372,670     9.59   19,940      9.00
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................       45,520    11.09   23,060      9.86
                                                                                                                               
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations.............................    4,371,450    12.68   26,370     11.19
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............      270,150    20.05   41,700     18.56
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...      270,150    20.05   41,700     18.56
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................      168,960    18.80   39,110     17.44
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..      101,190    22.13   46,020     20.75
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................    3,150,530    11.91   24,760     10.64
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................    3,082,890    11.82   24,590     10.57
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................    2,137,730    12.24   25,460     10.98
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................      929,540    10.82   22,500      9.67
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................       15,620    14.39   29,920     13.67
    Pest control workers..............................................................       67,640    15.80   32,850     14.74
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................      950,780    13.15   27,350     11.93
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................      950,780    13.15   27,350     11.93
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................      868,770    12.85   26,720     11.68
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................       23,790    15.90   33,070     15.02
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................       39,640    16.90   35,150     15.85
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................       18,570    15.70   32,660     13.85
                                                                                                                               
Personal care and service occupations.................................................    4,154,360    12.01   24,980     10.22
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................      193,090    19.02   39,560     17.56
    First-line supervisors of gaming workers..........................................       31,100    22.32   46,430     22.01
     Gaming supervisors...............................................................       24,100    23.88   49,660     23.76
     Slot supervisors.................................................................        7,000    16.96   35,270     16.00
    First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................      161,990    18.38   38,240     16.95
   Animal care and service workers....................................................      172,990    11.34   23,580      9.91
    Animal trainers...................................................................       11,170    15.58   32,400     12.39
    Nonfarm animal caretakers.........................................................      161,820    11.04   22,970      9.78
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................      560,350    10.33   21,490      9.12
    Gaming services workers...........................................................      124,440    10.70   22,250      9.09
     Gaming dealers...................................................................       96,060    10.11   21,040      8.93
     Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................       12,160    12.33   25,650     10.85
     Gaming service workers, all other................................................       16,220    12.93   26,890     11.65
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................        6,290    11.18   23,260     10.02
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................      113,700     9.87   20,530      9.02
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................      315,910    10.34   21,500      9.15
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................      274,230     9.90   20,590      9.08
     Costume attendants...............................................................        6,270    24.17   50,270     20.03
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................       17,830    11.05   22,980      9.59
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       17,580    11.50   23,930     10.79
   Funeral service workers............................................................       63,770    17.60   36,610     14.30
    Embalmers.........................................................................        3,650    20.24   42,100     20.06
    Funeral attendants................................................................       34,950    11.95   24,860     11.10
    Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors....................................       25,160    25.06   52,130     22.72
   Personal appearance workers........................................................      493,840    13.19   27,430     10.83
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................      357,280    13.44   27,960     11.15
     Barbers..........................................................................       14,140    13.67   28,430     12.22
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................      343,140    13.43   27,940     11.12
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................      136,550    12.52   26,040     10.01
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................        2,610    29.25   60,830     21.30
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................       79,090    10.82   22,500      9.43
     Shampooers.......................................................................       16,560     9.37   19,480      9.02
     Skincare specialists.............................................................       38,290    16.26   33,810     13.97
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................       75,220    12.76   26,530     11.44
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................       75,220    12.76   26,530     11.44
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................       44,170    11.48   23,880     10.06
     Concierges.......................................................................       31,050    14.57   30,300     13.54
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................       38,190    13.03   27,100     11.82
    Tour and travel guides............................................................       38,190    13.03   27,100     11.82
     Tour guides and escorts..........................................................       35,100    12.56   26,120     11.51
     Travel guides....................................................................        3,090    18.39   38,260     16.88
   Other personal care and service workers............................................    2,556,920    11.49   23,890     10.14
    Childcare workers.................................................................      582,970    10.44   21,710      9.48
    Personal care aides...............................................................    1,257,000    10.20   21,210      9.83
    Recreation and fitness workers....................................................      562,110    15.22   31,650     12.40
     Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................      241,000    18.95   39,410     16.82
     Recreation workers...............................................................      321,110    12.42   25,830     10.88
    Residential advisors..............................................................       95,750    12.77   26,560     11.70
    Personal care and service workers, all other......................................       59,090    11.67   24,270     10.33
                                                                                                                               
Sales and related occupations.........................................................   14,248,470    18.59   38,660     12.19
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................    1,448,550    23.74   49,370     19.58
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................    1,448,550    23.74   49,370     19.58
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................    1,199,770    20.28   42,190     18.20
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................      248,770    40.39   84,010     34.42
   Retail sales workers...............................................................    8,648,920    11.55   24,020      9.66
    Cashiers..........................................................................    3,417,910     9.94   20,670      9.17
     Cashiers.........................................................................    3,398,330     9.93   20,640      9.16
     Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................       19,580    11.85   24,640     11.22
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................      668,850    14.06   29,250     12.33
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................      437,610    13.25   27,560     11.47
     Parts salespersons...............................................................      231,240    15.60   32,450     14.15
    Retail salespersons...............................................................    4,562,160    12.38   25,760     10.29
   Sales representatives, services....................................................    1,736,660    33.11   68,870     24.72
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................      154,220    29.28   60,910     23.02
    Insurance sales agents............................................................      374,700    30.64   63,730     23.01
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................      316,340    49.64  103,260     34.65
    Travel agents.....................................................................       64,750    18.14   37,730     16.73
    Sales representatives, services, all other........................................      826,650    29.79   61,960     24.84
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................    1,730,180    33.59   69,860     28.07
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................    1,730,180    33.59   69,860     28.07
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                              
      products........................................................................      335,540    41.71   86,750     36.13
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                  
      scientific products.............................................................    1,394,640    31.63   65,800     26.45
  Other sales and related workers.....................................................      684,170    21.92   45,600     14.29
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................       88,740    13.96   29,030     11.76
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................       83,600    13.83   28,760     11.79
     Models...........................................................................        5,140    16.12   33,530      9.60
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................      196,380    29.06   60,440     20.88
     Real estate brokers..............................................................       38,720    38.66   80,420     27.58
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................      157,660    26.70   55,530     19.71
    Sales engineers...................................................................       68,080    50.32  104,660     46.32
    Telemarketers.....................................................................      234,520    12.41   25,800     10.93
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................       96,440    17.81   37,050     14.13
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........        7,610    12.20   25,380     10.35
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................       88,830    18.29   38,050     14.50
                                                                                                                               
Office and administrative support occupations.........................................   21,638,470    17.08   35,530     15.64
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................    1,404,070    26.15   54,400     24.42
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............    1,404,070    26.15   54,400     24.42
   Communications equipment operators.................................................      121,470    14.05   29,220     13.05
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      108,890    13.46   28,000     12.77
    Telephone operators...............................................................       10,220    18.92   39,350     16.90
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................        2,370    20.00   41,600     19.27
   Financial clerks...................................................................    3,217,850    17.20   35,770     16.35
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................      346,960    17.09   35,540     16.20
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................      490,860    17.10   35,560     16.54
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................    1,575,060    18.30   38,070     17.51
    Gaming cage workers...............................................................       16,350    13.25   27,560     12.41
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................      166,400    19.67   40,910     19.09
    Procurement clerks................................................................       70,190    19.35   40,240     19.20
    Tellers...........................................................................      514,520    12.81   26,650     12.38
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................       37,510    19.80   41,180     18.86
   Information and record clerks......................................................    5,439,370    15.80   32,870     14.64
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................       57,240    24.10   50,120     22.85
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................        7,580    17.42   36,240     17.05
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................      128,490    17.95   37,340     17.05
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................       46,320    17.66   36,730     16.61
    Customer service representatives..................................................    2,511,130    16.29   33,890     15.00
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................      122,400    20.41   42,460     20.29
    File clerks.......................................................................      148,280    14.19   29,510     13.26
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................      241,140    10.67   22,180      9.91
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................      190,710    15.50   32,230     14.81
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................      100,800    12.51   26,010     11.50
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................      212,440    18.33   38,120     17.73
    New accounts clerks...............................................................       52,260    16.77   34,890     16.35
    Order clerks......................................................................      190,390    15.92   33,110     14.99
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................      135,270    18.74   38,980     18.29
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................      981,150    13.38   27,830     12.87
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................      138,260    16.73   34,790     16.11
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................      175,530    18.46   38,390     18.12
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............    3,880,030    15.93   33,140     14.04
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................       77,480    21.14   43,960     19.89
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................       71,760    13.63   28,360     12.81
    Dispatchers.......................................................................      286,710    19.04   39,610     17.77
     Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................       96,390    18.95   39,410     17.99
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................      190,330    19.09   39,710     17.64
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................       36,210    19.22   39,970     18.07
    Postal service workers............................................................      501,000    24.35   50,650     26.31
     Postal service clerks............................................................       71,910    23.58   49,040     26.72
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................      307,490    24.90   51,790     27.50
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........      121,590    23.42   48,710     26.21
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................      297,050    22.88   47,590     21.96
    Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks...........................................      661,530    15.27   31,770     14.39
    Stock clerks and order fillers....................................................    1,878,860    12.20   25,380     10.99
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................       69,430    14.77   30,730     13.74
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................    3,649,920    18.63   38,750     17.30
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................    3,649,920    18.63   38,750     17.30
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................      713,730    25.76   53,590     24.65
     Legal secretaries................................................................      212,910    21.96   45,670     20.56
     Medical secretaries..............................................................      516,050    16.12   33,530     15.50
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..    2,207,220    16.59   34,500     15.98
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................    3,925,760    15.31   31,850     14.28
    Computer operators................................................................       58,060    19.83   41,240     19.03
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................      287,240    15.48   32,200     14.84
     Data entry keyers................................................................      205,950    14.48   30,130     13.88
     Word processors and typists......................................................       81,300    18.00   37,440     17.64
    Desktop publishers................................................................       13,310    20.17   41,960     18.37
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................      252,670    18.63   38,740     17.66
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................       99,190    14.02   29,160     13.41
    Office clerks, general............................................................    2,889,970    14.82   30,820     13.78
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................       66,530    14.52   30,200     13.71
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       10,500    17.78   36,990     16.82
    Statistical assistants............................................................       14,110    20.67   42,990     20.23
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................      234,180    16.56   34,440     15.61
                                                                                                                               
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations............................................      447,130    12.09   25,160      9.74
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................       18,530    22.86   47,540     21.58
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................       18,530    22.86   47,540     21.58
   Agricultural workers...............................................................      383,570    10.99   22,870      9.37
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................       13,800    20.97   43,630     20.72
    Animal breeders...................................................................        1,110    20.90   43,470     19.23
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................       36,100    10.73   22,320      9.57
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................      332,560    10.58   22,000      9.29
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................       26,100    13.70   28,490     12.94
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................      269,650    10.01   20,820      9.17
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................       31,540    12.10   25,160     11.02
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................        5,270    14.90   30,990     13.16
   Fishing and hunting workers........................................................          560    17.45   36,290     15.64
    Fishers and related fishing workers...............................................          400    18.42   38,310     16.95
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................       44,470    17.03   35,430     16.44
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................        6,870    14.25   29,640     13.06
    Logging workers...................................................................       37,600    17.54   36,480     16.90
     Fallers..........................................................................        6,090    18.87   39,240     16.58
     Logging equipment operators......................................................       26,010    17.23   35,830     16.92
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................        2,780    17.54   36,480     17.03
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................        2,730    17.58   36,560     17.05
                                                                                                                               
Construction and extraction occupations...............................................    5,290,270    22.40   46,600     19.90
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................      496,370    31.32   65,150     29.32
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............      496,370    31.32   65,150     29.32
   Construction trades workers........................................................    3,915,350    21.81   45,360     19.30
    Boilermakers......................................................................       17,210    28.93   60,170     28.78
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................       70,580    24.04   50,000     22.15
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................       59,340    24.76   51,500     22.91
     Stonemasons......................................................................       11,250    20.25   42,130     18.21
    Carpenters........................................................................      617,060    21.92   45,590     19.63
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................       71,980    20.35   42,320     17.97
     Carpet installers................................................................       26,050    20.03   41,660     17.25
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................        9,830    19.56   40,690     17.63
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................        4,510    17.72   36,850     17.20
     Tile and marble setters..........................................................       31,590    21.23   44,160     18.74
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................      155,820    19.72   41,020     17.69
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................      152,570    19.70   40,970     17.67
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................        3,250    20.80   43,270     18.79
    Construction laborers.............................................................      852,870    17.19   35,750     14.95
    Construction equipment operators..................................................      402,920    22.76   47,340     20.62
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................       54,940    20.41   42,460     18.59
     Pile-driver operators............................................................        3,470    27.02   56,200     24.76
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................      344,510    23.09   48,020     20.92
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................      101,850    21.68   45,090     18.73
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................       85,020    21.07   43,820     18.32
     Tapers...........................................................................       16,820    24.76   51,490     22.42
    Electricians......................................................................      566,930    26.21   54,520     24.57
    Glaziers..........................................................................       42,820    21.26   44,220     18.47
    Insulation workers................................................................       52,850    21.34   44,390     18.17
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................       24,180    18.05   37,540     16.21
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................       28,660    24.12   50,160     20.67
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................      208,170    19.10   39,740     17.27
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................      204,600    19.13   39,780     17.29
     Paperhangers.....................................................................        3,570    17.90   37,240     15.83
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................      413,650    25.60   53,240     23.61
     Pipelayers.......................................................................       41,080    19.58   40,730     17.79
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................      372,570    26.26   54,620     24.36
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................       20,760    20.67   43,000     18.05
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................       18,530    26.35   54,810     24.05
    Roofers...........................................................................      103,650    19.04   39,600     17.19
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................      132,530    23.42   48,700     21.67
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................       60,010    25.55   53,140     23.17
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................        5,170    20.08   41,770     19.24
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................      224,500    13.90   28,920     13.24
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................      224,500    13.90   28,920     13.24
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......       23,570    15.12   31,450     13.86
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................       38,900    13.40   27,870     12.79
     Helpers--electricians............................................................       68,280    14.00   29,110     13.43
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................       11,570    12.89   26,810     12.46
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................       51,350    13.91   28,940     13.32
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................       11,640    12.99   27,010     12.53
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................       19,190    14.24   29,630     13.47
   Other construction and related workers.............................................      384,390    21.86   45,470     19.79
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................       88,410    28.09   58,430     26.94
    Elevator installers and repairers.................................................       20,590    36.78   76,490     37.80
    Fence erectors....................................................................       20,990    16.10   33,490     15.15
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................       42,250    20.54   42,730     18.52
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................      140,650    18.22   37,910     17.59
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................       14,820    24.39   50,740     24.92
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................       24,350    17.79   37,010     16.73
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................       32,320    18.47   38,420     16.95
     Segmental pavers.................................................................        1,130    16.71   34,750     15.47
     Construction and related workers, all other......................................       31,190    18.54   38,560     17.02
   Extraction workers.................................................................      269,660    22.49   46,770     20.26
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining...........      109,320    25.85   53,760     22.63
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................       20,760    24.56   51,090     23.28
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................       26,480    29.36   61,070     25.56
     Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................       62,080    24.78   51,540     21.62
    Earth drillers, except oil and gas................................................       19,160    24.42   50,790     20.93
    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................        7,970    25.56   53,160     25.07
    Mining machine operators..........................................................       20,960    23.45   48,770     23.61
     Continuous mining machine operators..............................................       11,540    23.40   48,670     23.29
     Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................        6,960    23.51   48,900     24.16
     Mining machine operators, all other..............................................        2,470    23.49   48,870     23.63
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................        3,630    16.51   34,340     15.98
    Roof bolters, mining..............................................................        5,710    26.38   54,880     26.37
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................       73,450    18.12   37,700     17.20
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................       24,130    17.36   36,100     16.58
    Extraction workers, all other.....................................................        5,320    21.43   44,570     19.78
                                                                                                                               
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations.....................................    5,244,670    21.74   45,220     20.25
    Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers......................      434,810    31.09   64,670     29.88
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................      434,810    31.09   64,670     29.88
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........      572,780    23.81   49,520     22.92
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      110,940    18.49   38,450     17.58
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................      226,930    26.13   54,350     26.33
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................       13,310    23.98   49,880     23.05
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....      213,620    26.26   54,630     26.53
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                               
     repairers........................................................................      234,920    24.08   50,080     23.32
     Avionics technicians.............................................................       17,150    28.11   58,460     27.36
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................       17,380    20.12   41,850     18.85
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....       14,160    26.65   55,430     26.92
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........       65,900    26.74   55,610     26.27
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........       22,120    33.71   70,110     34.33
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................       11,460    15.83   32,920     14.92
     Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................       26,590    18.34   38,140     17.35
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................       60,160    21.11   43,910     20.46
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................    1,507,680    20.25   42,120     18.97
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................      116,830    28.29   58,850     27.40
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................      786,200    19.49   40,540     18.07
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................      137,140    21.09   43,870     19.38
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................       15,670    16.37   34,050     15.67
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................      633,390    19.22   39,980     17.84
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................      243,080    21.71   45,160     20.98
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............      174,690    22.53   46,860     22.08
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................       35,320    17.94   37,320     17.38
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................      119,280    23.42   48,720     22.88
     Rail car repairers...............................................................       20,080    25.27   52,570     25.97
    Small engine mechanics............................................................       64,860    17.18   35,740     16.41
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................       20,210    18.56   38,600     17.95
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................       15,420    17.21   35,810     16.35
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................       29,220    16.22   33,730     15.44
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...      122,030    12.86   26,760     11.78
     Bicycle repairers................................................................       10,520    12.96   26,960     12.68
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................       10,990    17.80   37,030     17.13
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................      100,510    12.31   25,610     11.41
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................    2,729,400    20.64   42,930     19.13
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................       58,510    24.13   50,190     22.40
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................       17,220    18.87   39,250     17.82
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............       41,290    26.32   54,750     25.55
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............      261,390    22.54   46,880     21.46
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................       33,270    18.14   37,720     17.02
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................      445,630    23.66   49,220     22.81
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................      313,880    24.25   50,440     23.38
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................       90,730    21.18   44,050     20.50
     Millwrights......................................................................       39,290    24.77   51,520     24.26
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................        1,730    22.00   45,760     21.59
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................      228,960    28.71   59,710     29.68
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................      114,540    31.24   64,990     31.70
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................      114,420    26.17   54,430     26.18
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................       65,810    22.62   47,040     21.35
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................        3,150    20.36   42,360     19.24
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................       41,430    23.34   48,540     21.95
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................        7,660    17.40   36,200     15.94
     Watch repairers..................................................................        2,390    18.38   38,240     17.04
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................       11,180    25.06   52,120     25.04
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................    1,282,920    18.46   38,390     17.39
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................        3,710    24.90   51,790     23.46
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................      349,210    17.31   36,010     15.53
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................       30,840    16.10   33,480     15.32
     Commercial divers................................................................        3,620    24.55   51,070     22.06
     Fabric menders, except garment...................................................          710    12.03   25,020     11.50
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................       17,090    19.53   40,620     18.56
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................        3,280    15.35   31,930     14.23
     Riggers..........................................................................       20,350    22.55   46,900     19.99
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................        7,880    28.81   59,920     29.15
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      126,980    13.33   27,720     12.21
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................      138,460    19.42   40,400     17.89
                                                                                                                               
Production occupations................................................................    8,934,050    17.06   35,490     15.25
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................      592,830    28.39   59,060     26.69
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................      592,830    28.39   59,060     26.69
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................    1,810,560    15.25   31,720     14.08
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................       40,630    24.43   50,810     23.24
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................      269,250    15.65   32,540     14.68
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................       14,930    16.12   33,530     15.86
     Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................      207,330    15.42   32,070     14.38
     Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................       46,990    16.50   34,330     15.75
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................       38,330    19.32   40,180     18.42
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................       78,050    18.35   38,160     17.58
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................    1,384,290    14.61   30,400     13.49
     Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................       18,770    14.57   30,300     13.92
     Team assemblers..................................................................    1,125,160    14.78   30,740     13.64
     Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................        1,650    16.94   35,230     14.45
     Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................      238,720    13.81   28,730     12.68
   Food processing workers............................................................      767,460    12.95   26,950     12.05
    Bakers............................................................................      173,730    12.28   25,550     11.35
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................      373,440    12.91   26,850     12.14
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................      137,050    14.61   30,380     13.78
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................      150,310    11.63   24,190     11.23
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................       86,070    12.44   25,880     12.29
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................      220,290    13.56   28,210     12.61
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......       18,890    14.14   29,410     13.31
     Food batchmakers.................................................................      120,850    13.84   28,790     12.87
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................       36,850    14.06   29,250     13.26
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................       43,690    12.11   25,190     11.43
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................    1,918,310    18.33   38,140     17.37
    Computer control programmers and operators........................................      172,990    19.08   39,690     18.15
     Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................      148,040    18.23   37,920     17.52
     Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......       24,960    24.13   50,200     22.84
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................      127,240    17.20   35,770     16.50
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.       72,520    16.25   33,800     15.68
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       21,340    17.06   35,480     16.21
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       33,370    19.34   40,230     19.18
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........      342,520    16.35   34,000     15.56
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                           
      plastic.........................................................................      190,250    15.59   32,430     14.75
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                               
      plastic.........................................................................       17,470    17.44   36,280     16.59
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and                                            
      tenders, metal and plastic......................................................       70,130    16.42   34,150     15.70
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                 
      plastic.........................................................................       42,570    17.96   37,360     17.43
    Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....       22,110    18.67   38,830     17.84
    Machinists........................................................................      392,700    19.97   41,540     19.22
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................       30,540    18.79   39,090     18.63
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................       20,850    19.83   41,260     19.78
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................        9,690    16.55   34,430     15.58
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................        9,910    22.03   45,820     21.24
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................        6,140    23.26   48,370     22.20
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................        3,770    20.03   41,670     19.90
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....      140,410    14.79   30,760     13.95
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................       11,870    15.63   32,510     15.07
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                           
      and plastic.....................................................................      128,540    14.71   30,600     13.85
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........       98,160    16.96   35,290     16.42
    Tool and die makers...............................................................       75,950    24.08   50,090     23.50
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................      424,960    19.03   39,570     17.85
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................      369,610    19.25   40,040     17.99
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       55,360    17.53   36,450     16.91
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      102,920    17.41   36,200     16.25
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......       20,980    17.72   36,850     16.98
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       13,070    22.26   46,290     21.65
     Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...       35,900    15.54   32,330     14.52
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       10,860    17.97   37,380     17.03
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................       22,100    16.99   35,340     15.45
   Printing workers...................................................................      254,360    17.29   35,960     16.47
    Printing workers..................................................................      254,360    17.29   35,960     16.47
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................       36,180    18.75   39,000     17.89
     Printing press operators.........................................................      166,750    17.64   36,700     16.87
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................       51,430    15.11   31,420     14.19
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................      574,440    11.99   24,940     10.86
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................      199,330    10.66   22,170      9.77
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................       50,150    10.22   21,260      9.69
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................      142,070    11.54   23,990     10.54
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................       11,260    12.51   26,010     11.55
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................        7,710    12.42   25,840     11.43
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................        3,550    12.69   26,390     11.90
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................       26,160    13.57   28,220     12.31
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................        5,960    12.01   24,980     11.36
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................       20,200    14.03   29,170     12.72
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................       74,390    12.99   27,020     12.64
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       11,510    12.70   26,410     11.99
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................       14,370    12.86   26,760     12.30
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............       22,760    13.41   27,890     13.11
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                
      tenders.........................................................................       25,740    12.83   26,680     12.62
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................       71,090    16.16   33,610     14.95
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                              
     glass fibers.....................................................................       19,770    16.39   34,090     15.85
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................        5,440    22.73   47,280     19.86
     Upholsterers.....................................................................       29,770    16.00   33,280     15.33
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................       16,110    13.95   29,010     12.72
   Woodworkers........................................................................      229,870    14.78   30,740     13.90
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................       88,170    16.11   33,500     15.18
    Furniture finishers...............................................................       15,320    14.74   30,660     13.85
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................        2,310    17.67   36,760     16.21
     Model makers, wood...............................................................        1,360    16.62   34,570     14.88
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................          950    19.17   39,870     18.26
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................      117,120    13.71   28,510     13.13
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................       46,320    13.66   28,410     13.00
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............       70,810    13.74   28,580     13.20
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................        6,940    15.10   31,410     13.51
   Plant and system operators.........................................................      315,200    27.49   57,170     26.86
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................       58,880    34.89   72,560     35.05
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................        7,400    39.55   82,270     39.66
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       11,180    37.58   78,170     37.62
     Power plant operators............................................................       40,300    33.28   69,220     33.69
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................       37,550    27.92   58,070     27.08
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................      111,640    22.18   46,140     21.20
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      107,130    28.79   59,890     28.66
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................       37,490    27.01   56,170     26.88
     Gas plant operators..............................................................       16,320    30.48   63,400     30.82
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................       41,700    30.37   63,160     30.21
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................       11,610    26.56   55,240     26.55
   Other production occupations.......................................................    2,471,030    16.00   33,270     14.56
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................      108,030    22.09   45,940     21.22
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................       64,710    23.63   49,150     23.12
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                              
      operators, and tenders..........................................................       43,310    19.78   41,150     18.55
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................      181,960    16.72   34,780     15.89
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........       29,980    16.68   34,700     15.90
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................       29,320    14.41   29,980     13.63
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      122,670    17.28   35,950     16.51
    Cutting workers...................................................................       78,090    15.39   32,020     14.74
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       15,520    13.54   28,160     12.46
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................       62,570    15.85   32,970     15.40
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                               
     tenders..........................................................................       67,490    16.09   33,470     15.43
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................       20,590    17.69   36,800     16.78
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................      489,750    18.46   38,400     16.99
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................       23,200    19.40   40,350     17.73
    Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians............................       76,220    17.63   36,660     16.07
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................       35,320    19.30   40,140     17.71
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................       13,290    18.75   39,000     17.11
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................       27,610    14.95   31,100     13.89
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................      381,760    13.92   28,940     12.70
    Painting workers..................................................................      156,830    17.49   36,370     16.22
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       90,590    15.81   32,890     15.13
     Painters, transportation equipment...............................................       49,950    21.43   44,580     19.60
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................       16,280    14.68   30,540     13.82
    Semiconductor processors..........................................................       23,580    17.68   36,770     16.67
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................       28,800    13.68   28,460     11.83
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................      834,750    14.07   29,270     12.72
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................       18,210    16.28   33,860     15.07
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............       17,360    13.82   28,750     12.94
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................        8,070    14.80   30,790     13.60
     Etchers and engravers............................................................        8,630    15.02   31,240     14.06
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................       34,610    15.24   31,700     14.34
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................       92,170    17.57   36,550     16.95
     Tire builders....................................................................       17,680    20.17   41,960     20.45
     Helpers--production workers......................................................      420,520    12.31   25,600     11.35
     Production workers, all other....................................................      217,500    15.08   31,360     13.59
                                                                                                                               
Transportation and material moving occupations........................................    9,249,310    16.57   34,460     14.20
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................      374,480    25.72   53,510     24.36
    Aircraft cargo handling supervisors...............................................        5,750    24.41   50,760     22.96
    First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand............      171,720    23.55   48,980     22.45
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle                                           
     operators........................................................................      197,000    27.66   57,530     26.41
   Air transportation workers.........................................................      242,350     (²)    85,680      (²) 
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................      113,920     (²)   115,230      (²) 
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................       75,760     (²)   131,760      (²) 
     Commercial pilots................................................................       38,170     (²)    82,430      (²) 
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................       29,920    49.44  102,840     48.78
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................       22,860    57.11  118,780     58.82
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................        7,050    24.61   51,190     23.64
    Flight attendants.................................................................       98,510     (²)    46,300      (²) 
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................    3,741,430    17.29   35,970     16.15
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............       19,350    12.26   25,490     11.58
    Bus drivers.......................................................................      657,500    15.48   32,190     14.53
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................      158,050    18.95   39,410     18.02
     Bus drivers, school or special client............................................      499,440    14.38   29,910     13.87
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................    2,828,110    18.09   37,620     16.98
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................      405,810    13.33   27,720     10.70
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................    1,625,290    20.16   41,930     19.00
     Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................      797,010    16.28   33,870     14.21
    Taxi drivers and chauffeurs.......................................................      178,260    12.35   25,690     11.16
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................       58,210    16.02   33,320     13.90
   Rail transportation workers........................................................      122,870    26.75   55,640     26.15
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................       43,970    26.83   55,800     25.67
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................       38,470    27.41   57,000     26.20
     Locomotive firers................................................................        1,610    25.81   53,690     22.47
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................        3,900    21.54   44,810     21.10
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators......................................       21,060    25.14   52,280     25.17
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................       42,900    26.84   55,820     26.33
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................       11,300    28.48   59,230     29.87
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................        3,640    28.82   59,950     28.59
   Water transportation workers.......................................................       72,450    29.73   61,830     25.54
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................       27,640    19.70   40,970     18.80
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................       34,760    35.93   74,730     32.73
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................       30,690    38.07   79,180     34.78
     Motorboat operators..............................................................        4,060    19.78   41,130     17.85
    Ship engineers....................................................................       10,060    35.87   74,600     32.74
   Other transportation workers.......................................................      331,570    13.60   28,280     10.64
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................        3,280    22.22   46,210     23.14
    Parking lot attendants............................................................      136,440    10.39   21,610      9.52
    Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................      104,750    10.90   22,660     10.05
    Traffic technicians...............................................................        6,490    22.38   46,540     20.88
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................       24,350    34.05   70,820     33.26
    Transportation attendants, except flight attendants...............................       16,380    13.01   27,060     11.24
    Transportation workers, all other.................................................       39,890    17.28   35,940     16.25
   Material moving workers............................................................    4,364,160    13.52   28,120     11.92
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................       38,830    16.35   34,020     15.01
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................       44,540    25.75   53,550     24.39
    Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators.................................       53,590    21.38   44,470     19.54
     Dredge operators.................................................................        1,900    21.94   45,640     19.69
     Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................       47,470    21.23   44,160     19.15
     Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................        4,220    22.84   47,500     24.18
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................        2,840    23.47   48,820     19.03
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................      521,840    16.02   33,320     15.07
    Laborers and material movers, hand................................................    3,519,730    12.56   26,120     11.24
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................      321,740    11.22   23,340      9.94
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................    2,400,490    13.07   27,180     11.74
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      104,340    14.73   30,630     14.08
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................      693,170    11.08   23,040      9.77
    Pumping station operators.........................................................       29,590    23.51   48,900     22.87
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................        4,700    26.65   55,430     27.06
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................       12,170    22.45   46,700     20.91
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................       12,720    23.36   48,590     22.76
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................      115,170    17.32   36,030     16.18
    Mine shuttle car operators........................................................        2,630    26.36   54,830     26.44
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................       12,490    21.41   44,540     19.80
    Material moving workers, all other................................................       22,910    18.19   37,840     14.82
                                                                                                                               
   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated
from the reported survey data.

   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

   3 Represents a wage above $90.00 per hour.




Last Modified Date: March 25, 2015