Table 4. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 to age 46 in 1978-2010 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 4.  Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force 
from age 18 to age 46 in 1978-2010 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

                                                                 Percent of total weeks
 Age and characteristic                                                             Not in
                                                         Employed    Unemployed   labor force

Total, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) ...............      77.7         4.4          17.2
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      68.0         7.9          23.6
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      78.4         4.5          16.5
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      79.9         3.5          16.0
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      82.1         2.8          14.5
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      81.2         3.0          14.6

Men, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) .................      84.3         4.7          10.2
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      73.0         8.8          17.6
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      86.9         5.1           7.2
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      88.3         3.8           7.2
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      89.0         2.9           7.4
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      86.7         3.2           8.9

Women, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) ...............      70.7         4.0          24.6
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      62.8         6.9          29.9
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      69.5         3.9          26.2
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      71.1         3.2          25.2
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      74.9         2.7          21.8
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      75.5         2.8          20.6

White non-Hispanic, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) ..      79.9         3.6          15.9
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      70.9         6.8          21.8
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      80.7         3.7          15.1
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      81.8         2.8          14.8
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      83.7         2.2          13.5
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      82.7         2.5          13.8

Black non-Hispanic, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) ..      68.7         8.4          22.0
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      55.5        13.4          30.6
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      69.4         8.8          21.1
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      71.5         7.1          20.7
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      75.6         5.6          18.2
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      74.6         5.8          18.2

Hispanic or Latino, ages 18 to 46 in 1978-2010 (1) ..      72.5         5.2          21.2
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      63.2         8.6          27.6
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      71.4         5.5          22.4
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      74.7         4.1          20.3
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      77.5         3.8          17.7
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2010 (3) ....................      77.7         3.7          16.9

   1 This category excludes individuals who turned age 18 before January 1, 1978, or who
had not yet turned age 47 when interviewed in 2010-11.
   2 This category excludes individuals who turned age 18 before January 1, 1978.
   3 This  category excludes individuals who had not yet turned age 47 when interviewed
in 2010-11.
   NOTE: Totals do not add to 100 percent due to a small number of respondents whose
employment status cannot be determined for all weeks.
The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 consists of men and women who were
born in the years 1957-64 and were ages 14 to 22 when first interviewed in 1979. These
individuals were ages 45 to 53 in 2010-11. Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups
are mutually exclusive but not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the
overall totals, are not shown separately because their representation in the survey sample
is not sufficiently large to provide statistically reliable estimates.



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Last Modified Date: July 25, 2012