For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 1, 2016 USDL-16-1095
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2016
Unemployment rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 269 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 94 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-five areas had jobless rates
of less than 3.0 percent and seven areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 327 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 54 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The national unemployment
rate in April was 4.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.1 percent
a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Ames, Iowa, had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.0 percent. El Centro,
Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 20.1 percent. A total of 195 areas
had April jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.7 percent, 177 areas had rates
above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
April (-4.0 percentage points). Four other areas had rate declines of at least
2.0 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Casper,
Wyo. (+2.9 percentage points), followed by Odessa, Texas (+2.1 points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.9 percent.
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., had the highest rate among the large
areas, 6.2 percent. Thirty-seven large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, nine had increases, and five had no change. The largest rate decreases
occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (-1.7 percentage points), and
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-1.6 points). The largest over-the-year rate increases
occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas, and Pittsburgh, Pa. (+0.7
percentage point each).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
April, Nashua, N.H.-Mass., and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.0 percent each.
Gary, Ind., and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash., had the highest division rates, 6.5 percent
each. (See table 2.)
In April, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
7 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-2.1 percentage points). The largest
over-the-year rate increase occurred in Elgin, Ill. (+0.9 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In April, 327 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 54 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+173,900), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+155,000), and Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+130,600). The largest over-the-year percentage
gain in employment occurred in Madera, Calif. (+7.7 percent), followed by
St. George, Utah (+7.0 percent), and Bend-Redmond, Ore. (+6.3 percent).
(See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La.
(-7,700), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,600), and Odessa, Texas (-3,800). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper,
Wyo. (-6.6 percent), Odessa, Texas (-5.0 percent), and Houma-Thibodaux, La.
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas
with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in New Orleans-
Metairie, La., and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.4 percent each). The largest over-the-
year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), followed by
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.1 percent), and Austin-Round Rock,
Texas (+4.0 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In April, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and was unchanged in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass.,
and Nashua, N.H.-Mass. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
N.Y.-N.J. (+145,600), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+111,900), and
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+106,800). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.7 percent),
followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+4.4 percent),
and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.1 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for May
is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 17, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for May
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 29, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).