For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 28, 2016 USDL-16-1920
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2016
Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 242 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 123 areas, and unchanged in 22 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Fourteen areas had jobless rates of less than
3.0 percent and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 320 metropolitan areas, decreased in 59 areas,
and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment rate in August was 5.0
percent, not seasonally adjusted, and was little different from that of August 2015.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In August, the lowest unemployment rate was in Sioux Falls, S.D., 2.1 percent. Yuma,
Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 24.6 percent and
23.8 percent, respectively. A total of 190 areas had August jobless rates below the
U.S. rate of 5.0 percent, 182 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas had rates equal
to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August
(-3.1 percentage points). Twenty-seven other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0
percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Casper, Wyo.
(+2.0 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment
rates in August, 3.2 percent each. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the
highest rate among the large areas, 6.6 percent. Thirty-four large areas had over-
the-year unemployment rate decreases, 12 had increases, and 5 had no change. The
largest rate decrease occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (-1.1
percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Cleveland-
Elyria, Ohio, and Pittsburgh, Pa. (+1.0 percentage point each).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
August, Framingham, Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions,
3.2 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 7.3
percent. (See table 2.)
In August, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
6 had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-1.4 percentage points). The largest over-the-
year rate increases occurred in Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, Pa.,
and Philadelphia, Pa. (+0.5 percentage point each).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In August, 320 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 59 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+184,200), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+117,300), and Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+112,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in
employment occurred in St. George, Utah (+7.1 percent), followed by Madera, Calif.
(+7.0 percent), and Cleveland, Tenn. (+6.4 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-8,700),
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-5,900), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-3,300).
The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette,
La. (-4.1 percent), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-3.4 percent), and Davenport-Moline-Rock
Island, Iowa-Ill. (-3.2 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more, and fell in Rochester, N.Y. (-0.4 percent),
New Orleans-Metairie, La., and Pittsburgh, Pa. (-0.2 percent each). The largest
over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.4 percent), followed by Jacksonville,
Fla. (+3.8 percent), and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+3.7 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In August, nonfarm payroll employment increased in all of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+140,900), followed
by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+100,400), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(+73,900). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+4.7 percent),
followed by Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+4.4 percent),
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.2 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Friday, October 21, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, November 2, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).