For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 29, 2014 USDL-14-2006
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in September than a year earlier in 339 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 26 areas, and unchanged in 7 areas, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Six areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent
and 118 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased
over the year in 314 metropolitan areas, decreased in 53 areas, and was unchanged in
5 areas. The national unemployment rate in September was 5.7 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, down from 7.0 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in September,
25.9 percent and 23.9 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment
rate, 2.1 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 2.3 percent. A total of 191 areas had
September unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 5.7 percent, 167 areas had rates
above it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in September
(-4.3 percentage points), followed by Yuma, Ariz. (-3.9 points), and Danville, Ill.
(-3.8 points). Fifty other areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points.
Alexandria, La., and Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., had the largest over-the-year
jobless rate increases (+0.4 percentage point each).
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate in
September, 8.2 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest
jobless rate among the large areas, 3.6 percent. Forty-seven of the large areas had
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while two had increases. The largest rate
declines occurred in Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-2.6 percentage points), and Chicago-
Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.3 points). No large area had a rate increase of
more than 0.1 percentage point.
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
September, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich.,
had the highest unemployment rates among the divisions, 9.3 percent and 9.2 percent,
respectively. Nashua, N.H.-Mass., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif.,
had the lowest division rates, 4.2 percent each. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in September.
The largest of the declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (-2.5 percentage
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In September, 314 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 53 had decreases, and 5 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+130,500),
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+119,400), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana,
Calif. (+102,000). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in
Muncie, Ind. (+8.9 percent), followed by Midland, Texas (+6.4 percent), and Elkhart-
Goshen, Ind. (+5.4 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J.
(-10,000), followed by Columbus, Ohio (-6,800), and Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (-2,500).
The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-7.2 percent), Danville, Va. (-2.5 percent), and Anniston-Oxford, Ala.
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 37 of the 38 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Houston-Sugar
Land-Baytown, Texas (+4.3 percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.7
percent), and Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas (+3.6 percent). The only over-the-year
percentage decrease in employment occurred in Columbus, Ohio (-0.7 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in September 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a
metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year employment
gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+104,100),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+78,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
Calif. (+73,800). The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Livonia-
Dearborn, Mich. (-2,800), and Philadelphia, Pa. (-2,700). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.7 percent),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.6 percent), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall,
Fla. (+3.4 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.4 percent), and Philadelphia, Pa. (-0.1 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled
to be released on Friday, November 21, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled to be released on
Tuesday, December 9, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).