For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 29, 2016 USDL-16-1291
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2016
Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 333 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 49 areas, and unchanged in 5 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-four areas had jobless
rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas had rates of at least 10.0
percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 311
metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas.
The national unemployment rate in May was 4.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, down from 5.3 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In May, the lowest unemployment rates were in Ames, Iowa; Burlington-South
Burlington, Vt.; and Sioux Falls, S.D., 2.1 percent each. Yuma, Ariz., had
the highest unemployment rate, 20.9 percent. A total of 187 areas had May
jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.5 percent, 185 areas had rates below
it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease
in May (-4.1 percentage points). Nine other areas had rate declines of at
least 2.0 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred
in Casper, Wyo. (+2.7 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or
more, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in May, 2.9
percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., had the highest rate among the
large areas, 6.4 percent. Forty-six large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases and five had increases. The largest rate decreases occurred in
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif., and Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-2.1
percentage points each). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.4 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In May, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.8 percent each.
Philadelphia, Pa., had the highest division rate, 6.5 percent. (See table 2.)
In May, 35 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
2 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-2.5 percentage points). The largest over-
the-year rate increase occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+0.4 percentage
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In May, 311 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 70 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+154,500),
New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+143,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
Texas (+125,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred
in St. George, Utah (+7.1 percent), followed by Madera, Calif., and State College,
Pa. (+6.7 percent each). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-8,100),
Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,500), and Pittsburgh, Pa. (-4,200). The largest over-the-
year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-6.6 percent),
Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.6 percent), and Williamsport, Pa. (-3.9 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in Pittsburgh, Pa. (-0.4
percent), New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.3 percent), and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.2
percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these
large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.2 percent),
and Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+3.9 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and decreased in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-400, or -0.9 percent).
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+124,600), followed by
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+111,100), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(+101,000). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.6 percent), followed by Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), and Seattle-Bellevue-
Everett, Wash. (+3.7 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled
to be released on Friday, July 22, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, August 3, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).