For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 30, 2016 USDL-16-2230
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2016
Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 231 of the 387 metropolitan
areas, higher in 127 areas, and unchanged in 29 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Thirty areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three areas had
rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 311
metropolitan areas, decreased in 68 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national
unemployment rate in October was 4.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, and was little
different from that of October 2015.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, the lowest unemployment rate was in Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 1.8 percent. El Centro,
Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had the highest unemployment rates, 22.0 percent and 19.4 percent,
respectively. A total of 198 areas had October jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.7
percent, 173 areas had rates above it, and 16 areas had rates equal to that of the nation.
(See table 1.)
Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October (-2.9
percentage points). Twenty-three other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Erie, Pa. (+1.8 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Boston-
Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H., had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.6 percent.
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest rate among the large areas, 6.1
percent. Thirty-five large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 14 had
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Boston-Cambridge-
Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (-1.5 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was
in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+1.2 percentage points).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, Framingham,
Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.3 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 6.6 percent. (See table 2.)
In October, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 7
had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Lawrence-
Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.2 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate
increases occurred in Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, Pa., and Philadelphia,
Pa. (+0.8 percentage point each).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, 311 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 68 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+135,600), Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas (+114,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+111,200). The
largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+6.7 percent),
followed by Madera, Calif. (+6.0 percent), and Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, Fla.
(+5.1 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-6,900), Elkhart-
Goshen, Ind. (-3,200), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-2,400). The largest over-the-year percentage
decrease in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-5.3 percent), followed by Cheyenne, Wyo.
(-3.8 percent), and Lafayette, La. (-3.2 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, and fell in Oklahoma City, Okla. (-0.2 percent), and
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-0.1 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford,
Fla. (+4.0 percent), followed by Jacksonville, Fla., and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash.
(+3.7 percent each).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year, and decreased in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-600, or -0.7 percent).
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred
in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+109,700), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas (+93,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+71,200). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.9 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas, and Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+3.8 percent each).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled
to be released on Friday, December 16, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Thursday, December 29, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).