For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 20,2015 USDL-15-0428
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2015
Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 339 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 38 areas, and unchanged in 10 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Three areas had jobless rates of
less than 3.0 percent and 17 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm
payroll employment increased over the year in 357 metropolitan areas, decreased
in 25 areas, and was unchanged in 5 areas. The national unemployment rate in January
was 6.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.0 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Midland, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 2.6 percent, followed
by Lincoln, Neb., 2.8 percent, and Ames, Iowa, 2.9 percent. El Centro, Calif., and
Yuma, Ariz., had the highest unemployment rates, 21.3 percent and 19.8 percent,
respectively. A total of 198 areas had January unemployment rates below the U.S.
figure of 6.1 percent, 177 areas had rates above it, and 12 areas had rates equal
to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in January
(-3.4 percentage points). Nineteen other areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0
percentage points. Alexandria, La., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate
increase (+1.4 percentage points).
| Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Series Changes |
| In accordance with standard practices, historical data have been revised in |
| tables 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed information on the |
| changes to the data, see the box notes at the end of the news release. |
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 3.6 percent,
followed by Austin-Round Rock, Texas, and Oklahoma City, Okla., 3.7 percent each.
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark., had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 7.9
percent. Forty-seven of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, the largest of which occurred in Providence-Warwick, R.I.-Mass.
(-2.1 percentage points). Three areas had over-the-year unemployment rate increases,
the largest of which occurred in New Orleans-Metairie, La. (+1.1 percentage points).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
January, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 4.0 percent each.
Gary, Ind., had the highest division rate, 8.6 percent, followed by
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., 8.5 percent. (See table 2.)
Thirty-six of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases
in January. The largest of the declines occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich.
(-2.4 percentage points), followed by Elgin, Ill. (-2.1 points), and Chicago-
Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. (-2.0 points). Gary, Ind., had the only
unemployment rate increase (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In January, 357 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 25 had decreases, and 5 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+179,600),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+148,700), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
Texas (+140,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in
Midland, Texas (+9.3 percent), followed by Ocean City, N.J., and Odessa, Texas
(+8.4 percent each). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Gulfport-Biloxi-
Pascagoula, Miss. (-2,300), Carbondale-Marion, Ill., and Vineland-Bridgeton, N.J.
(-1,000 each). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred
in Carbondale-Marion, Ill. (-1.9 percent), Vineland-Bridgeton, N.J. (-1.8 percent),
and Great Falls, Mont. (-1.7 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.3 percent), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas, and Louisville/Jefferson County, Ky.-Ind. (+4.4 percent each).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In January 2015, all of the 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year gains in
nonfarm payroll employment. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-
N.J. (+146,600), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+102,100), and Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+98,200). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif.
(+4.7 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.6 percent), and Fort
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+4.1 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for February 2015 is
scheduled to be released on Friday, March 27, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for February 2015 is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 8, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data |
| Effective with the issuance of Regional and State Unemployment 2014 Annual |
| Averages on March 4, 2015, the civilian labor force and unemployment data |
| for census regions and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, |
| and the seven modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this |
| news release were replaced with data produced using a new generation of |
| time-series models. Revised estimates were loaded into the BLS time-series |
| database back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990, or 1994 at that time. |
| Both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data were affected. |
| The revisions to model-based data at the state level and below for 2013 |
| and 2014 also incorporate updated estimation inputs, while the revisions |
| for all model-based data from April 2010 forward reflect new population |
| controls from the U.S. Census Bureau. |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
| areas and metropolitan divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news |
| release have been revised for 2014 to incorporate methodological enhancements, |
| updated estimation inputs, and adjustment to new state control totals. However, |
| historical estimates for these areas and divisions in the BLS time-series |
| database have not been revised and do not match the data for 2014 in this news |
| release. Revisions for all non-modeled substate areas from 2010 through 2014 |
| will be loaded into the database on April 21, 2015. For more information, |
| see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm. |
| Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data |
| Effective with this release, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and metropolitan |
| areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual benchmark processing |
| to reflect 2014 employment counts primarily from the BLS Quarterly Census of |
| Employment and Wages. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2013 were |
| revised. For more information on annual processing, |
| see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2015.pdf. |
| Changes to Metropolitan Area and Metropolitan Division Delineations |
| In addition to the changes described above, both the civilian labor force data |
| presented in tables 1 and 2 and the nonfarm payroll employment data presented |
| in tables 3 and 4 of this news release reflect implementation of revised |
| metropolitan area and metropolitan division delineations. The revised |
| delineations were issued by the Office of Management and Budget for solely |
| statistical purposes through Bulletin No. 13-01 on February 28, 2013, based |
| on the application of updated statistical standards to U.S. Census Bureau |
| population and journey-to-work data. The Metropolitan New England City and Town |
| Areas (NECTAs) and NECTA Divisions again are used for the six New England states, |
| rather than the county-based delineations, for purposes of this news release. |
| Compared with the Census 2000-based delineations, the number of metropolitan areas |
| in the U.S. and Puerto Rico increased from 380 to 394, while the number of |
| metropolitan divisions increased from 34 to 38. The analyses of both unemployment |
| rates and nonfarm payroll employment changes for large metropolitan areas focus |
| on the 51 areas with 2010 Census populations of 1 million or more. |
| Within the BLS time-series database, both civilian labor force and nonfarm |
| payroll employment series reconstructed back to January 1990 to reflect the |
| revised metropolitan area and metropolitan division delineations were loaded on |
| March 17, 2015. More information about the statistical area changes is available |
| on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. |