Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 31, 2016                     USDL-16-1769

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 279 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 87 areas, and unchanged in 21 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eight areas had jobless rates of
less than 3.0 percent and five areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 331 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 52 areas, and was unchanged in 4 areas. The national unemployment
rate in July was 5.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.6 percent
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, the lowest unemployment rate was in Sioux Falls, S.D., 1.9 percent.
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 24.3
percent and 24.2 percent, respectively. A total of 192 areas had July jobless
rates above the U.S. rate of 5.1 percent, 178 areas had rates below it, and
17 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease
in July (-3.2 percentage points). Seventy-three other areas had rate declines
of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase
occurred in Casper, Wyo. (+2.5 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or
more, Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., had the lowest unemployment rate in July,
3.4 percent. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest rate
among the large areas, 6.9 percent. Forty large areas had over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases, six had increases, and five had no change. The
largest rate decrease occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (-1.4
percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Houston-
The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In July, Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions,
3.2 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate,
7.4 percent. (See table 2.)

In July, 35 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
2 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-1.7 percentage points). The largest over-
the-year rate increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+0.5 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, 331 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 52 had decreases, and 4 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+199,700),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+116,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
Texas (+109,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred
in St. George, Utah (+7.3 percent), followed by Madera, Calif. (+6.8 percent),
and Prescott, Ariz. (+6.4 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-7,300),
Tulsa, Okla. (-5,600), and Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-4,200). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo.
(-4.3 percent), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.0 percent), and Lafayette, La. (-3.4 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 51 metropolitan areas with
a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-
Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.1 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock, Texas,
and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+3.9 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in all of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J.
(+153,400), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+93,300), and Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+76,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+4.6 percent),
followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+4.2 percent), and
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.9 percent each).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for August
is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 20, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for August is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 28, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) June July June July
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,164,225 2,195,134 2,163,395 2,182,092 143,670 143,263 145,435 126,266 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.8

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,288 46,716 46,344 46,264 3,487 3,409 3,546 2,946 7.5 7.3 7.7 6.4

Auburn-Opelika

71,573 73,759 71,711 73,644 4,170 4,395 4,242 3,798 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.2

Birmingham-Hoover

534,153 544,024 534,938 542,291 31,510 32,726 31,896 28,986 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

90,412 93,020 90,493 92,643 5,033 5,086 5,092 4,454 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.8

Decatur

69,710 69,860 69,574 69,196 4,641 4,466 4,709 3,889 6.7 6.4 6.8 5.6

Dothan

63,111 62,732 62,975 62,328 4,206 4,047 4,327 3,519 6.7 6.5 6.9 5.6

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,694 67,464 66,360 67,257 5,365 4,939 5,314 4,322 8.0 7.3 8.0 6.4

Gadsden

43,478 44,571 43,457 43,947 2,867 2,879 2,903 2,492 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.7

Huntsville

210,046 213,204 210,245 211,077 12,716 12,265 12,756 10,831 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.1

Mobile

184,252 186,043 184,029 184,277 14,147 13,943 14,408 12,298 7.7 7.5 7.8 6.7

Montgomery

169,832 172,189 169,708 171,270 10,936 10,760 11,094 9,407 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.5

Tuscaloosa

112,226 114,563 112,091 113,454 7,240 7,800 7,412 6,800 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.0

Alaska

371,633 367,398 374,602 371,496 24,586 24,670 21,798 22,816 6.6 6.7 5.8 6.1

Anchorage

204,085 203,657 203,033 202,725 12,033 12,473 10,651 11,688 5.9 6.1 5.2 5.8

Fairbanks

46,508 45,535 46,773 46,112 2,656 2,642 2,217 2,452 5.7 5.8 4.7 5.3

Arizona

3,157,676 3,233,654 3,152,919 3,223,444 202,400 199,851 208,387 204,628 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.3

Flagstaff

75,292 75,183 74,837 74,450 5,026 5,116 5,248 5,248 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

80,394 80,343 80,770 80,433 6,470 6,004 6,639 5,946 8.0 7.5 8.2 7.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,163,417 2,222,406 2,163,931 2,217,007 119,174 118,366 120,358 119,931 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4

Prescott

98,463 102,360 96,762 101,481 5,739 5,526 5,679 5,579 5.8 5.4 5.9 5.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

51,086 50,928 50,441 50,895 3,876 3,610 3,851 3,547 7.6 7.1 7.6 7.0

Tucson

459,329 473,259 455,103 470,133 27,518 27,120 27,398 27,367 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8

Yuma

96,627 97,774 99,525 98,987 21,655 21,711 25,371 24,014 22.4 22.2 25.5 24.3

Arkansas

1,349,251 1,372,829 1,348,400 1,368,849 73,629 58,297 75,833 58,820 5.5 4.2 5.6 4.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

255,723 265,603 257,991 268,365 10,417 8,362 10,584 8,423 4.1 3.1 4.1 3.1

Fort Smith

122,779 122,835 122,642 123,059 7,049 6,106 7,021 6,097 5.7 5.0 5.7 5.0

Hot Springs

40,683 41,840 41,535 42,413 2,349 1,865 2,490 1,924 5.8 4.5 6.0 4.5

Jonesboro

61,587 63,250 62,020 64,244 3,138 2,329 3,181 2,383 5.1 3.7 5.1 3.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

349,563 359,131 357,313 363,643 16,913 13,444 17,793 13,710 4.8 3.7 5.0 3.8

Pine Bluff

37,225 36,831 37,278 36,825 2,730 2,134 2,836 2,198 7.3 5.8 7.6 6.0

California

18,999,793 19,181,488 19,057,223 19,369,434 1,179,350 1,087,591 1,246,352 1,135,435 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9

Bakersfield

391,477 397,970 394,016 402,562 40,532 42,881 40,347 42,520 10.4 10.8 10.2 10.6

Chico

101,772 102,692 100,417 102,040 7,413 7,277 7,727 7,526 7.3 7.1 7.7 7.4

El Centro

79,518 81,451 79,870 79,181 18,987 19,348 21,855 19,138 23.9 23.8 27.4 24.2

Fresno

448,685 456,333 446,554 457,762 43,479 42,450 43,922 42,993 9.7 9.3 9.8 9.4

Hanford-Corcoran

58,314 58,415 59,575 59,846 6,009 5,941 5,761 5,737 10.3 10.2 9.7 9.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,591,688 6,653,838 6,625,758 6,737,978 415,741 334,009 440,878 354,249 6.3 5.0 6.7 5.3

Madera

61,030 62,485 60,084 62,012 6,135 5,824 6,218 5,906 10.1 9.3 10.3 9.5

Merced

115,639 116,247 112,983 114,446 12,532 12,146 12,229 12,048 10.8 10.4 10.8 10.5

Modesto

242,663 245,542 244,162 247,846 23,193 22,426 23,182 22,173 9.6 9.1 9.5 8.9

Napa

75,898 76,619 75,372 77,131 3,176 3,180 3,401 3,261 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

429,898 428,281 425,782 429,090 23,603 23,222 25,766 24,771 5.5 5.4 6.1 5.8

Redding

75,590 75,400 74,756 74,689 5,633 5,395 5,858 5,517 7.5 7.2 7.8 7.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,956,018 1,977,824 1,958,145 1,987,809 130,832 129,891 141,798 137,576 6.7 6.6 7.2 6.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,065,550 1,071,975 1,068,301 1,081,004 61,725 60,110 65,148 62,829 5.8 5.6 6.1 5.8

Salinas

229,352 230,941 230,377 230,452 14,726 14,123 14,820 14,258 6.4 6.1 6.4 6.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,567,145 1,580,142 1,575,189 1,596,315 80,995 80,359 87,151 84,488 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,504,935 2,527,611 2,524,154 2,572,057 107,089 105,243 114,786 110,551 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,050,640 1,068,977 1,054,328 1,079,097 44,437 44,079 47,152 46,094 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

146,077 147,160 142,736 144,847 6,579 6,586 7,047 6,848 4.5 4.5 4.9 4.7

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

147,873 149,111 146,953 149,259 9,399 9,257 9,614 9,385 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

221,422 223,533 220,825 224,951 10,791 10,985 11,502 11,383 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1

Santa Rosa

260,951 262,665 261,796 266,596 11,604 11,070 12,347 11,677 4.4 4.2 4.7 4.4

Stockton-Lodi

317,356 323,161 317,683 322,803 27,629 26,938 28,231 27,344 8.7 8.3 8.9 8.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

207,170 208,600 206,870 210,899 12,573 12,179 13,276 12,600 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.0

Visalia-Porterville

205,799 207,889 206,513 209,048 22,568 22,329 23,660 23,555 11.0 10.7 11.5 11.3

Yuba City

73,735 73,920 74,240 74,889 7,246 6,886 6,963 6,737 9.8 9.3 9.4 9.0

Colorado

2,852,411 2,916,543 2,849,681 2,914,381 118,507 117,781 110,346 104,799 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.6

Boulder

176,534 181,394 176,283 180,638 6,174 6,198 5,634 5,432 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0

Colorado Springs

322,234 327,696 322,034 325,775 15,959 15,359 14,990 13,744 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,516,377 1,554,708 1,516,889 1,556,848 59,346 58,958 55,681 52,737 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.4

Fort Collins

183,442 189,225 181,566 186,054 6,423 6,419 5,893 5,655 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0

Grand Junction

72,085 72,876 72,143 72,835 4,407 4,809 4,121 4,353 6.1 6.6 5.7 6.0

Greeley

148,662 152,286 147,682 151,474 6,338 6,405 5,916 5,599 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.7

Pueblo

72,284 73,638 71,756 73,131 4,378 4,379 4,106 4,036 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.5

Connecticut

1,905,317 1,921,707 1,916,729 1,941,287 106,216 113,371 112,056 109,321 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

470,000 476,113 475,473 483,622 25,512 26,929 26,827 26,083 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4

Danbury

107,806 109,091 108,934 109,986 4,750 5,435 5,130 5,122 4.4 5.0 4.7 4.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

619,855 624,528 622,796 629,280 34,732 38,077 36,918 36,411 5.6 6.1 5.9 5.8

New Haven

325,912 328,591 325,454 330,832 18,437 19,440 19,489 18,860 5.7 5.9 6.0 5.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

144,556 144,207 145,841 146,022 8,502 8,583 8,851 8,260 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.7

Waterbury

111,903 112,571 112,156 113,608 7,909 7,778 8,119 7,638 7.1 6.9 7.2 6.7

Delaware

470,772 484,844 473,057 484,102 24,359 22,765 23,868 21,994 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.5

Dover

76,612 78,074 76,335 77,203 4,489 4,138 4,464 4,009 5.9 5.3 5.8 5.2

Salisbury(1)

194,242 198,909 196,795 203,204 10,993 9,654 10,807 9,456 5.7 4.9 5.5 4.7

District of Columbia

390,496 399,299 395,770 399,469 27,536 24,407 28,021 24,807 7.1 6.1 7.1 6.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,307,168 3,320,189 3,325,380 3,340,742 154,469 130,358 151,917 132,053 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.0

Florida

9,691,201 9,773,996 9,711,437 9,818,444 541,500 482,728 562,696 497,223 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

317,826 324,166 316,418 323,071 16,667 14,963 17,510 15,656 5.2 4.6 5.5 4.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

124,254 124,193 125,656 125,086 5,503 5,010 5,762 5,197 4.4 4.0 4.6 4.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

283,821 289,701 284,584 290,977 17,007 14,919 17,547 15,441 6.0 5.1 6.2 5.3

Gainesville

133,893 135,568 135,113 136,937 6,703 6,392 6,739 6,425 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.7

Homosassa Springs

48,320 47,465 47,266 46,535 3,665 3,259 3,820 3,391 7.6 6.9 8.1 7.3

Jacksonville

730,138 742,299 734,005 747,636 40,283 35,745 41,801 36,729 5.5 4.8 5.7 4.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

280,251 280,864 280,519 281,015 17,997 16,169 19,301 16,873 6.4 5.8 6.9 6.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,012,143 3,012,987 3,025,486 3,045,347 172,533 152,299 177,684 155,624 5.7 5.1 5.9 5.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

159,583 160,967 158,314 160,967 8,723 7,889 9,810 8,668 5.5 4.9 6.2 5.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

344,910 347,069 343,677 347,372 17,245 15,731 18,386 16,582 5.0 4.5 5.3 4.8

Ocala

131,178 131,637 132,116 131,803 8,622 7,727 8,960 8,079 6.6 5.9 6.8 6.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,230,772 1,261,892 1,235,979 1,266,579 63,908 57,382 65,795 58,656 5.2 4.5 5.3 4.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

259,408 258,198 260,603 259,007 15,592 13,550 16,224 13,920 6.0 5.2 6.2 5.4

Panama City

96,307 95,744 96,463 95,666 5,071 4,471 5,197 4,588 5.3 4.7 5.4 4.8

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

215,012 214,528 216,339 216,198 11,879 10,918 12,209 11,102 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.1

Port St. Lucie

200,676 201,159 200,196 202,150 12,387 11,251 13,387 11,762 6.2 5.6 6.7 5.8

Punta Gorda

67,373 68,069 67,135 68,068 3,946 3,577 4,224 3,805 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.6

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,312 61,330 61,103 61,421 4,407 3,886 4,797 4,148 7.2 6.3 7.9 6.8

Sebring

34,043 34,548 33,637 34,498 2,654 2,356 2,932 2,507 7.8 6.8 8.7 7.3

Tallahassee

185,249 185,796 184,467 186,089 10,281 9,406 10,409 9,461 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,453,292 1,476,050 1,454,388 1,475,593 76,833 68,581 79,449 70,569 5.3 4.6 5.5 4.8

The Villages

28,487 29,034 28,410 28,980 2,099 1,897 2,250 2,065 7.4 6.5 7.9 7.1

Georgia

4,777,896 4,907,634 4,788,247 4,942,143 299,459 271,399 302,965 268,638 6.3 5.5 6.3 5.4

Albany

64,973 66,786 64,855 66,763 4,858 4,375 4,969 4,223 7.5 6.6 7.7 6.3

Athens-Clarke County

93,206 97,353 93,272 97,109 5,774 5,432 5,764 5,071 6.2 5.6 6.2 5.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,838,467 2,918,767 2,853,915 2,950,335 169,168 153,781 170,491 150,897 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.1

Augusta-Richmond County

256,743 260,756 256,796 262,508 17,202 15,600 17,610 15,944 6.7 6.0 6.9 6.1

Brunswick

50,492 52,378 50,802 52,771 3,295 2,915 3,360 2,982 6.5 5.6 6.6 5.7

Columbus

124,796 125,323 124,275 125,991 9,147 8,248 9,185 8,111 7.3 6.6 7.4 6.4

Dalton

60,592 61,443 60,669 61,884 4,127 3,860 4,383 3,906 6.8 6.3 7.2 6.3

Gainesville

92,560 96,267 92,730 96,476 4,792 4,453 4,852 4,392 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.6

Hinesville

31,788 32,082 31,827 32,250 2,100 1,904 2,111 1,863 6.6 5.9 6.6 5.8

Macon

103,419 105,577 103,330 106,086 7,050 6,194 6,994 6,086 6.8 5.9 6.8 5.7

Rome

42,899 43,495 42,794 43,869 3,013 2,705 3,161 2,896 7.0 6.2 7.4 6.6

Savannah

176,506 184,211 176,957 185,855 10,633 9,818 10,537 9,317 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.0

Valdosta

62,294 63,908 62,249 64,320 4,054 3,629 4,084 3,469 6.5 5.7 6.6 5.4

Warner Robins

81,138 82,357 80,536 82,002 5,293 4,743 5,330 4,614 6.5 5.8 6.6 5.6

Hawaii

680,048 687,022 680,749 689,163 28,093 27,047 23,749 23,561 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,824 86,196 85,552 87,444 3,537 3,392 3,004 3,159 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.6

Urban Honolulu

468,948 471,975 467,629 471,614 18,271 17,458 15,269 14,815 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.1

Idaho

808,677 822,371 810,236 824,707 32,158 29,714 32,004 30,006 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.6

Boise City

326,391 334,273 328,408 336,830 13,255 12,135 13,258 12,412 4.1 3.6 4.0 3.7

Coeur d'Alene

73,599 75,081 73,713 75,596 3,180 3,068 3,197 3,063 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1

Idaho Falls

66,406 67,777 66,098 67,093 2,220 2,105 2,167 2,082 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.1

Lewiston

30,673 31,345 30,619 31,375 1,179 1,188 1,195 1,239 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9

Pocatello

41,874 42,309 41,617 41,930 1,640 1,421 1,674 1,490 3.9 3.4 4.0 3.6

Illinois

6,589,926 6,666,186 6,595,668 6,684,462 394,985 398,170 407,418 374,007 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.6

Bloomington

97,828 95,783 98,047 97,024 4,887 5,148 5,124 5,052 5.0 5.4 5.2 5.2

Carbondale-Marion

59,067 58,471 60,791 59,306 3,627 3,514 3,779 3,583 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.0

Champaign-Urbana

117,017 116,787 117,486 118,207 6,278 6,211 6,513 6,009 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,957,812 5,054,240 4,958,688 5,055,137 297,253 303,694 300,192 277,702 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.5

Danville

35,769 35,332 35,841 35,929 2,516 2,512 2,669 2,539 7.0 7.1 7.4 7.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

195,496 189,196 196,487 192,124 10,375 10,721 10,596 10,671 5.3 5.7 5.4 5.6

Decatur

50,983 50,049 51,833 50,835 3,600 3,425 4,024 3,420 7.1 6.8 7.8 6.7

Kankakee

55,453 54,692 55,400 55,355 3,646 3,348 3,774 3,363 6.6 6.1 6.8 6.1

Peoria

188,588 185,149 189,509 188,184 11,602 11,657 12,830 11,892 6.2 6.3 6.8 6.3

Rockford

170,626 171,153 172,651 173,003 11,295 10,833 13,492 10,792 6.6 6.3 7.8 6.2

Springfield

111,692 111,980 113,043 113,619 5,623 5,254 6,046 5,310 5.0 4.7 5.3 4.7

Indiana

3,297,485 3,405,412 3,293,928 3,417,100 157,333 157,333 154,257 148,982 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.4

Bloomington

74,966 75,629 73,900 75,748 4,266 4,160 3,967 3,938 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2

Columbus

43,499 45,348 43,939 45,806 1,590 1,624 1,529 1,510 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3

Elkhart-Goshen

106,852 106,822 106,069 106,793 4,138 4,203 4,026 3,977 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Evansville

160,270 161,398 160,557 163,043 6,960 7,313 6,782 6,890 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.2

Fort Wayne

212,811 220,768 212,777 222,376 9,391 9,547 9,179 8,958 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,019,694 1,055,750 1,026,092 1,067,474 45,792 44,650 44,733 41,932 4.5 4.2 4.4 3.9

Kokomo

37,143 38,442 37,441 38,555 1,848 1,845 1,797 1,749 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105,376 108,620 104,148 109,274 4,918 4,906 4,777 4,996 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.6

Michigan City-La Porte

49,329 49,911 49,477 49,729 2,824 2,930 2,826 2,791 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.6

Muncie

54,207 55,781 54,126 55,923 3,208 3,194 3,068 2,911 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

156,080 161,472 154,954 161,068 7,832 7,548 7,793 7,328 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.5

Terre Haute

76,638 79,002 76,862 79,313 4,652 4,603 4,665 4,361 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.5

Iowa

1,713,556 1,730,000 1,717,216 1,734,287 63,468 70,343 59,751 70,171 3.7 4.1 3.5 4.0

Ames

54,715 55,295 54,692 55,538 1,757 1,789 1,497 1,684 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.0

Cedar Rapids

145,501 146,036 145,313 146,318 5,358 5,901 5,179 5,868 3.7 4.0 3.6 4.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

343,113 347,013 344,689 349,666 12,022 13,253 11,222 13,005 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.7

Dubuque

55,366 56,364 55,380 56,238 2,001 2,213 1,845 2,158 3.6 3.9 3.3 3.8

Iowa City

95,447 96,654 95,941 97,878 2,836 3,114 2,761 3,051 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.1

Sioux City

93,615 94,848 94,259 94,446 3,455 3,560 3,301 3,477 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,571 90,085 90,347 90,430 4,029 4,624 3,667 5,058 4.4 5.1 4.1 5.6

Kansas

1,511,866 1,507,180 1,517,337 1,504,326 67,507 65,871 70,921 73,539 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.9

Lawrence

63,159 62,611 64,176 62,923 2,674 2,657 2,853 2,846 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.5

Manhattan

47,766 47,568 48,519 47,772 1,840 1,850 1,946 1,978 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1

Topeka

122,881 121,444 125,082 121,811 5,393 5,134 5,804 5,672 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.7

Wichita

314,318 317,174 317,388 316,975 15,430 15,379 16,495 17,366 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.5

Kentucky

1,978,569 2,002,205 1,962,414 1,985,535 109,346 108,965 114,080 103,819 5.5 5.4 5.8 5.2

Bowling Green

76,921 77,878 75,199 75,720 4,042 3,642 4,007 3,360 5.3 4.7 5.3 4.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,492 66,240 64,550 66,233 3,473 3,214 3,520 3,056 5.4 4.9 5.5 4.6

Lexington-Fayette

257,863 259,189 254,261 254,091 11,167 10,623 11,171 10,043 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

630,325 647,276 633,442 647,870 30,198 29,681 33,035 28,000 4.8 4.6 5.2 4.3

Owensboro

53,332 54,384 52,928 54,202 2,631 2,649 2,603 2,498 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.6

Louisiana

2,196,583 2,187,456 2,191,112 2,184,207 152,481 153,029 144,599 150,355 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.9

Alexandria

68,546 68,092 68,137 68,071 4,961 4,928 4,603 4,878 7.2 7.2 6.8 7.2

Baton Rouge

426,558 434,471 427,421 434,373 26,026 26,173 24,505 25,661 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.9

Hammond

55,008 54,792 54,851 54,684 4,445 4,406 4,140 4,269 8.1 8.0 7.5 7.8

Houma-Thibodaux

101,688 98,651 102,095 98,944 6,214 7,257 5,946 7,115 6.1 7.4 5.8 7.2

Lafayette

232,223 226,445 231,304 225,536 16,218 18,077 15,366 17,516 7.0 8.0 6.6 7.8

Lake Charles

103,201 105,317 103,595 105,616 5,970 5,914 5,762 5,794 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.5

Monroe

83,172 83,028 82,856 83,032 6,129 5,807 5,706 5,664 7.4 7.0 6.9 6.8

New Orleans-Metairie

613,547 611,486 611,725 610,703 40,258 38,906 38,653 38,782 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

199,128 196,429 198,649 197,571 15,180 14,554 14,323 14,343 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.3

Maine

691,223 693,742 696,566 705,627 29,231 25,361 27,596 25,944 4.2 3.7 4.0 3.7

Bangor

69,831 69,621 69,241 70,113 2,886 2,643 2,810 2,750 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.9

Lewiston-Auburn

55,232 55,435 55,019 55,865 2,207 1,950 2,132 2,041 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.7

Portland-South Portland

201,331 202,321 202,006 206,552 6,943 6,105 6,510 6,167 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.0

Maryland

3,179,911 3,192,104 3,202,007 3,214,313 171,863 143,837 171,878 146,370 5.4 4.5 5.4 4.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,482,179 1,493,246 1,494,669 1,498,353 83,709 69,227 84,341 71,255 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.8

California-Lexington Park

55,186 55,117 55,326 54,914 2,903 2,589 3,058 2,586 5.3 4.7 5.5 4.7

Cumberland

44,857 43,946 44,131 43,932 3,318 2,799 3,251 2,697 7.4 6.4 7.4 6.1

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,792 131,556 129,556 132,214 7,364 5,924 7,196 5,763 5.6 4.5 5.6 4.4

Massachusetts

3,616,217 3,635,111 3,615,813 3,669,960 188,750 155,642 187,310 148,577 5.2 4.3 5.2 4.0

Barnstable Town

130,790 131,354 137,162 138,676 6,693 5,333 6,476 4,976 5.1 4.1 4.7 3.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,652,445 2,677,516 2,650,482 2,696,740 127,332 105,248 125,199 100,522 4.8 3.9 4.7 3.7

Leominster-Gardner

76,699 76,859 76,065 77,252 4,749 3,899 4,856 3,856 6.2 5.1 6.4 5.0

New Bedford

84,850 84,816 84,684 85,655 6,142 4,920 6,274 4,834 7.2 5.8 7.4 5.6

Pittsfield

44,396 44,981 45,326 45,651 2,417 2,094 2,428 1,940 5.4 4.7 5.4 4.2

Springfield

367,370 364,130 364,355 366,488 22,770 19,805 23,280 19,268 6.2 5.4 6.4 5.3

Worcester

348,789 349,977 345,423 351,427 19,366 16,303 19,482 15,759 5.6 4.7 5.6 4.5

Michigan

4,807,952 4,865,247 4,806,242 4,876,537 278,749 240,472 308,129 262,891 5.8 4.9 6.4 5.4

Ann Arbor

189,444 194,208 188,567 192,658 8,021 6,802 8,786 7,826 4.2 3.5 4.7 4.1

Battle Creek

65,789 65,565 65,199 65,149 3,471 2,882 3,940 3,290 5.3 4.4 6.0 5.0

Bay City

53,108 52,679 52,649 52,594 3,080 2,639 3,298 2,903 5.8 5.0 6.3 5.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,014,473 2,067,655 2,031,156 2,087,680 133,644 119,351 149,511 127,118 6.6 5.8 7.4 6.1

Flint

185,927 184,531 183,320 182,217 11,443 9,504 13,084 10,958 6.2 5.2 7.1 6.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

562,144 568,507 557,855 566,040 23,314 19,534 25,018 21,897 4.1 3.4 4.5 3.9

Jackson

74,598 72,523 73,495 71,974 4,107 3,407 4,624 3,806 5.5 4.7 6.3 5.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,452 168,776 165,692 168,095 8,377 7,004 9,079 7,727 5.0 4.1 5.5 4.6

Lansing-East Lansing

241,331 242,173 239,159 241,888 11,865 9,691 12,837 10,713 4.9 4.0 5.4 4.4

Midland

42,660 42,067 41,990 41,783 2,123 1,794 2,262 1,979 5.0 4.3 5.4 4.7

Monroe

77,257 78,339 76,857 77,977 3,616 3,082 4,188 3,658 4.7 3.9 5.4 4.7

Muskegon

79,868 80,151 79,145 79,924 4,795 3,959 5,247 4,600 6.0 4.9 6.6 5.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

76,003 76,158 75,950 76,541 4,041 3,522 4,367 3,799 5.3 4.6 5.7 5.0

Saginaw

89,810 90,647 89,206 90,212 5,244 4,375 5,780 4,907 5.8 4.8 6.5 5.4

Minnesota

3,037,344 3,049,405 3,045,681 3,043,633 115,545 121,708 111,560 113,840 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.7

Duluth

144,579 143,790 143,799 143,188 7,490 8,435 7,087 7,820 5.2 5.9 4.9 5.5

Mankato-North Mankato

58,561 59,241 58,122 58,128 1,833 2,054 1,768 1,876 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,953,718 1,970,932 1,969,367 1,976,147 70,923 74,099 69,329 69,243 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.5

Rochester

119,916 120,624 120,527 121,663 3,944 4,001 3,786 3,779 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1

St. Cloud

110,388 112,155 110,634 111,615 4,183 4,324 3,917 4,012 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.6

Mississippi

1,286,448 1,293,935 1,292,721 1,289,973 90,993 88,039 89,836 83,683 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.5

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

166,368 166,926 167,287 166,345 11,458 11,223 11,282 10,499 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.3

Hattiesburg

66,554 67,510 66,475 67,581 4,251 4,229 4,227 3,917 6.4 6.3 6.4 5.8

Jackson

270,832 273,115 270,542 271,899 15,935 15,742 15,728 14,721 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.4

Missouri

3,154,288 3,169,247 3,143,569 3,166,399 165,037 154,971 169,456 164,266 5.2 4.9 5.4 5.2

Cape Girardeau

49,893 49,477 48,617 48,743 2,561 2,610 2,558 2,650 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.4

Columbia

99,315 99,965 98,564 100,887 4,031 3,898 3,957 3,955 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

Jefferson City

77,621 77,580 77,831 77,986 3,553 3,391 3,678 3,539 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.5

Joplin

88,231 87,522 88,128 86,946 4,276 4,204 4,362 4,343 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0

Kansas City

1,134,939 1,138,278 1,146,084 1,151,119 55,140 50,783 57,838 58,817 4.9 4.5 5.0 5.1

St. Joseph

66,771 66,504 66,905 66,574 3,239 2,995 3,333 3,106 4.9 4.5 5.0 4.7

St. Louis(2)

1,497,433 1,511,192 1,500,235 1,514,849 78,931 73,915 81,666 75,700 5.3 4.9 5.4 5.0

Springfield

234,812 237,405 236,320 238,749 11,000 10,357 10,938 10,440 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4

Montana

530,430 530,128 533,994 535,943 21,780 22,476 19,988 21,052 4.1 4.2 3.7 3.9

Billings

88,511 89,146 88,597 89,240 3,055 3,463 2,794 3,272 3.5 3.9 3.2 3.7

Great Falls

39,718 39,189 38,578 38,563 1,560 1,622 1,482 1,515 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.9

Missoula

61,183 61,755 60,182 61,077 2,382 2,358 2,176 2,177 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6

Nebraska

1,024,122 1,029,765 1,029,880 1,033,926 33,173 34,242 34,713 36,017 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

Grand Island

44,351 44,877 45,186 44,957 1,571 1,544 2,600 1,588 3.5 3.4 5.8 3.5

Lincoln

175,544 177,308 177,257 179,382 5,178 5,478 5,106 5,733 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

480,128 482,881 483,053 489,748 16,649 16,913 16,941 17,862 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6

Nevada

1,430,171 1,440,845 1,435,075 1,441,250 99,515 97,303 99,876 93,071 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.5

Carson City

25,500 25,086 25,493 25,088 1,841 1,743 1,840 1,623 7.2 6.9 7.2 6.5

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,049,522 1,058,709 1,054,576 1,061,007 74,049 73,277 74,758 70,706 7.1 6.9 7.1 6.7

Reno

230,464 233,485 230,974 233,465 14,794 13,784 14,522 12,817 6.4 5.9 6.3 5.5

New Hampshire

748,678 760,549 754,624 768,779 25,495 20,924 24,782 22,139 3.4 2.8 3.3 2.9

Dover-Durham

81,997 83,444 82,552 84,145 2,589 2,108 2,586 2,321 3.2 2.5 3.1 2.8

Manchester

115,080 118,250 114,867 118,263 3,858 3,234 3,713 3,378 3.4 2.7 3.2 2.9

Portsmouth

75,133 77,373 76,148 78,251 2,216 1,905 2,135 2,007 2.9 2.5 2.8 2.6

New Jersey

4,579,658 4,599,019 4,597,134 4,635,968 256,468 227,413 275,535 259,710 5.6 4.9 6.0 5.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

130,140 125,318 130,702 129,130 11,700 8,903 11,672 9,678 9.0 7.1 8.9 7.5

Ocean City

55,683 56,627 59,748 60,473 4,366 3,839 4,075 3,776 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.2

Trenton

199,904 201,974 201,225 204,453 9,854 8,955 10,902 10,532 4.9 4.4 5.4 5.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,789 66,644 66,167 64,822 5,582 4,919 5,918 5,443 8.2 7.4 8.9 8.4

New Mexico

926,033 933,024 923,461 928,917 68,121 65,645 66,166 65,670 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.1

Albuquerque

415,394 422,492 415,249 419,917 28,983 27,159 28,214 27,291 7.0 6.4 6.8 6.5

Farmington

55,730 56,798 54,672 55,410 4,419 5,173 4,399 5,262 7.9 9.1 8.0 9.5

Las Cruces

93,382 93,977 92,381 93,314 7,749 7,230 7,347 6,961 8.3 7.7 8.0 7.5

Santa Fe

72,258 73,065 72,476 73,446 4,273 4,015 4,226 4,077 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.6

New York

9,755,284 9,687,037 9,787,363 9,700,704 507,585 438,982 525,205 480,861 5.2 4.5 5.4 5.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

455,949 450,502 452,981 446,141 20,862 17,461 21,288 18,364 4.6 3.9 4.7 4.1

Binghamton

112,181 109,420 110,386 107,569 6,635 5,396 6,534 5,616 5.9 4.9 5.9 5.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

557,566 555,468 557,459 554,512 30,201 24,708 31,839 27,028 5.4 4.4 5.7 4.9

Elmira

38,757 37,798 38,300 37,336 2,299 1,926 2,305 1,991 5.9 5.1 6.0 5.3

Glens Falls

64,138 63,400 64,760 63,494 2,991 2,473 2,994 2,632 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.1

Ithaca

54,612 54,684 54,224 54,744 2,504 2,173 2,477 2,174 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.0

Kingston

90,259 90,462 89,846 90,043 4,380 3,658 4,600 3,980 4.9 4.0 5.1 4.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,126,286 10,101,332 10,178,478 10,158,175 530,261 471,483 559,910 529,494 5.2 4.7 5.5 5.2

Rochester

534,078 529,247 530,118 523,408 27,764 22,810 28,053 24,414 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.7

Syracuse

314,956 311,331 314,738 309,532 17,197 13,940 17,311 14,568 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.7

Utica-Rome

133,762 132,161 134,540 133,196 7,164 5,760 7,233 6,009 5.4 4.4 5.4 4.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

48,365 48,636 48,562 48,926 2,837 2,357 2,919 2,525 5.9 4.8 6.0 5.2

North Carolina

4,806,585 4,859,262 4,814,508 4,857,533 294,529 248,960 301,598 241,175 6.1 5.1 6.3 5.0

Asheville

220,873 222,827 221,222 222,654 10,977 9,193 11,125 8,895 5.0 4.1 5.0 4.0

Burlington

77,063 77,663 77,236 77,705 4,507 3,874 4,635 3,725 5.8 5.0 6.0 4.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,244,768 1,270,341 1,244,268 1,263,396 72,483 62,914 73,551 60,978 5.8 5.0 5.9 4.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

280,851 285,447 283,231 288,058 15,316 13,253 15,828 12,809 5.5 4.6 5.6 4.4

Fayetteville

147,557 148,290 145,249 146,204 11,615 9,528 11,956 9,286 7.9 6.4 8.2 6.4

Goldsboro

54,646 54,771 54,274 54,853 3,517 3,043 3,630 3,045 6.4 5.6 6.7 5.6

Greensboro-High Point

365,879 369,666 365,196 368,095 23,295 19,596 23,990 18,971 6.4 5.3 6.6 5.2

Greenville

87,740 87,312 87,723 87,090 6,001 5,167 6,109 4,999 6.8 5.9 7.0 5.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,273 167,632 168,582 167,591 10,304 8,349 10,458 8,065 6.1 5.0 6.2 4.8

Jacksonville

64,391 64,816 62,288 62,896 4,115 3,581 4,233 3,438 6.4 5.5 6.8 5.5

New Bern

52,101 52,450 52,507 52,591 3,329 2,744 3,356 2,629 6.4 5.2 6.4 5.0

Raleigh

659,546 677,490 666,841 683,930 33,872 29,735 34,986 28,753 5.1 4.4 5.2 4.2

Rocky Mount

66,660 65,490 66,706 65,880 5,883 4,844 5,915 4,841 8.8 7.4 8.9 7.3

Wilmington

140,499 142,085 142,010 143,260 7,994 6,857 8,342 6,619 5.7 4.8 5.9 4.6

Winston-Salem

319,890 322,433 319,626 320,197 18,932 15,868 19,445 15,336 5.9 4.9 6.1 4.8

North Dakota

422,951 428,629 421,375 427,735 12,786 14,793 10,792 11,840 3.0 3.5 2.6 2.8

Bismarck

68,739 71,718 69,383 72,211 1,842 2,109 1,557 1,728 2.7 2.9 2.2 2.4

Fargo

131,333 137,180 132,506 137,830 3,386 3,686 3,044 3,130 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.3

Grand Forks

55,103 56,594 54,184 56,139 1,868 1,951 1,641 1,703 3.4 3.4 3.0 3.0

Ohio

5,750,073 5,836,666 5,761,791 5,853,980 287,871 287,068 286,359 279,577 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.8

Akron

360,990 367,160 360,625 368,656 17,704 17,964 17,735 17,410 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.7

Canton-Massillon

202,098 205,456 202,164 205,190 10,463 10,821 10,707 10,439 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1

Cincinnati

1,085,089 1,103,868 1,089,983 1,108,602 50,721 49,001 50,747 46,968 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria

1,038,228 1,045,317 1,048,634 1,058,297 56,465 56,923 53,850 56,368 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.3

Columbus

1,043,330 1,066,573 1,048,755 1,071,045 44,800 44,473 44,662 42,472 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.0

Dayton

384,067 389,669 386,132 393,107 18,847 18,458 18,994 17,747 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.5

Lima

48,542 50,671 48,264 50,989 2,381 2,408 2,399 2,709 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.3

Mansfield

53,988 53,789 54,305 53,935 2,912 2,848 2,918 2,884 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.3

Springfield

64,998 65,552 64,350 65,567 3,265 3,301 3,458 3,364 5.0 5.0 5.4 5.1

Toledo

301,009 311,581 302,418 313,043 15,434 14,633 15,319 14,351 5.1 4.7 5.1 4.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

53,815 54,027 53,571 53,868 4,070 4,041 4,143 3,863 7.6 7.5 7.7 7.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

252,959 253,707 253,717 254,595 15,197 15,629 15,631 15,721 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.2

Oklahoma

1,862,255 1,850,769 1,851,923 1,826,361 88,596 98,594 81,421 95,008 4.8 5.3 4.4 5.2

Lawton

54,050 53,404 53,528 52,592 2,514 2,741 2,266 2,596 4.7 5.1 4.2 4.9

Oklahoma City

675,201 676,406 674,126 669,580 28,571 31,520 25,747 30,175 4.2 4.7 3.8 4.5

Tulsa

482,711 479,376 483,295 474,654 22,450 25,845 20,903 25,147 4.7 5.4 4.3 5.3

Oregon

1,977,215 2,064,195 1,991,272 2,083,858 114,773 110,166 118,871 118,095 5.8 5.3 6.0 5.7

Albany

54,733 56,638 54,708 56,889 3,771 3,548 3,898 3,756 6.9 6.3 7.1 6.6

Bend-Redmond

84,851 90,130 86,732 91,660 4,925 4,542 4,981 4,837 5.8 5.0 5.7 5.3

Corvallis

45,950 47,347 43,841 45,749 2,144 2,277 2,200 2,395 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.2

Eugene

171,604 178,375 170,950 177,156 10,526 10,314 11,027 10,963 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.2

Grants Pass

33,482 34,627 33,200 34,504 2,599 2,384 2,718 2,572 7.8 6.9 8.2 7.5

Medford

97,415 101,168 97,572 101,230 6,918 6,449 7,133 7,001 7.1 6.4 7.3 6.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,216,136 1,272,017 1,230,032 1,284,284 66,177 65,514 68,690 69,742 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.4

Salem

189,522 198,008 192,374 200,859 11,616 11,231 12,050 12,073 6.1 5.7 6.3 6.0

Pennsylvania

6,485,914 6,573,447 6,523,495 6,613,275 357,063 364,833 375,545 402,832 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

434,873 437,171 434,733 438,683 23,836 23,305 25,313 25,823 5.5 5.3 5.8 5.9

Altoona

62,324 63,346 62,239 63,748 3,451 3,409 3,403 3,732 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.9

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,756 43,367 43,165 43,941 2,464 2,414 2,522 2,673 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.1

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,752 80,462 79,045 81,300 3,923 4,154 4,140 4,529 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.6

East Stroudsburg

81,667 83,275 83,274 84,415 5,311 5,282 5,615 5,729 6.5 6.3 6.7 6.8

Erie

136,092 136,989 136,846 138,035 7,755 9,168 7,906 9,923 5.7 6.7 5.8 7.2

Gettysburg

55,420 56,234 55,703 56,662 2,558 2,358 2,542 2,664 4.6 4.2 4.6 4.7

Harrisburg-Carlisle

297,298 303,403 300,653 305,495 13,941 14,276 14,345 15,622 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.1

Johnstown

62,987 62,497 62,945 63,293 4,496 4,567 4,603 4,917 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.8

Lancaster

279,537 281,741 283,134 284,153 12,478 12,509 12,987 14,052 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.9

Lebanon

71,182 71,961 71,568 72,273 3,456 3,328 3,548 3,686 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,077,266 3,136,919 3,089,179 3,146,754 171,377 163,379 182,616 182,098 5.6 5.2 5.9 5.8

Pittsburgh

1,226,883 1,239,082 1,234,633 1,246,828 67,160 72,181 70,656 78,750 5.5 5.8 5.7 6.3

Reading

215,038 217,825 215,927 219,454 11,190 11,150 11,461 12,130 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

280,308 283,283 281,557 285,815 17,844 17,806 19,049 19,359 6.4 6.3 6.8 6.8

State College

75,807 76,740 76,783 77,670 3,404 3,594 3,490 3,960 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.1

Williamsport

61,500 60,458 61,561 60,752 3,725 4,037 3,826 4,340 6.1 6.7 6.2 7.1

York-Hanover

235,330 239,785 235,934 241,452 12,070 11,669 12,370 12,873 5.1 4.9 5.2 5.3

Rhode Island

559,099 558,171 562,430 564,323 32,117 28,642 33,731 31,529 5.7 5.1 6.0 5.6

Providence-Warwick

685,768 685,279 688,103 691,561 39,624 34,748 41,352 37,434 5.8 5.1 6.0 5.4

South Carolina

2,289,415 2,335,863 2,285,684 2,330,849 144,488 131,162 138,460 124,745 6.3 5.6 6.1 5.4

Charleston-North Charleston

366,136 376,094 367,088 377,563 20,079 18,357 19,169 17,255 5.5 4.9 5.2 4.6

Columbia

398,327 407,866 398,813 407,372 23,399 21,817 22,523 20,702 5.9 5.3 5.6 5.1

Florence

96,379 97,166 95,606 96,478 7,037 6,145 6,712 5,833 7.3 6.3 7.0 6.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

419,597 426,901 418,927 424,849 24,110 22,172 22,656 20,873 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

85,345 88,706 86,439 89,349 4,840 4,573 4,753 4,379 5.7 5.2 5.5 4.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

195,343 198,256 196,110 200,375 13,119 11,156 12,520 10,565 6.7 5.6 6.4 5.3

Spartanburg

152,142 154,712 151,338 152,720 9,905 8,876 9,322 8,402 6.5 5.7 6.2 5.5

Sumter

44,778 45,333 44,532 45,217 3,279 3,038 3,141 2,881 7.3 6.7 7.1 6.4

South Dakota

460,694 464,670 461,337 464,690 14,202 12,892 13,346 11,576 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.5

Rapid City

73,851 74,305 73,935 74,445 2,298 2,095 2,112 1,806 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.4

Sioux Falls

143,645 148,387 145,607 150,536 3,674 3,326 3,370 2,895 2.6 2.2 2.3 1.9

Tennessee

3,099,802 3,175,236 3,092,301 3,184,853 193,193 158,991 190,154 155,212 6.2 5.0 6.1 4.9

Chattanooga

257,316 262,536 257,616 263,878 15,575 13,432 15,478 13,435 6.1 5.1 6.0 5.1

Clarksville

109,431 112,245 108,470 112,167 7,118 6,389 7,170 6,194 6.5 5.7 6.6 5.5

Cleveland

56,474 58,743 55,940 58,979 3,589 2,963 3,509 2,869 6.4 5.0 6.3 4.9

Jackson

62,770 63,605 62,759 64,193 4,125 3,416 4,043 3,292 6.6 5.4 6.4 5.1

Johnson City

88,086 89,959 88,671 90,652 5,946 5,026 5,877 4,800 6.8 5.6 6.6 5.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

138,046 139,233 137,567 139,308 8,527 7,407 8,486 7,358 6.2 5.3 6.2 5.3

Knoxville

409,550 421,825 409,719 423,485 24,262 19,994 23,724 19,488 5.9 4.7 5.8 4.6

Memphis

621,896 631,423 626,649 631,842 43,113 36,108 42,572 34,568 6.9 5.7 6.8 5.5

Morristown

49,969 51,631 49,659 51,594 3,440 2,804 3,369 2,680 6.9 5.4 6.8 5.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

948,387 981,722 944,586 986,167 47,969 39,206 47,016 38,060 5.1 4.0 5.0 3.9

Texas

13,127,106 13,338,466 13,120,456 13,386,738 623,024 644,425 633,218 679,762 4.7 4.8 4.8 5.1

Abilene

75,482 75,790 75,122 76,211 3,194 3,149 3,184 3,308 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3

Amarillo

130,409 131,994 130,169 131,959 4,450 4,320 4,565 4,697 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.6

Austin-Round Rock

1,073,067 1,107,727 1,074,288 1,115,083 38,408 37,151 39,106 39,784 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

177,165 177,017 175,839 177,882 12,090 12,172 12,547 13,208 6.8 6.9 7.1 7.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

166,031 169,950 165,746 170,091 12,445 12,816 12,208 13,132 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.7

College Station-Bryan

118,920 122,982 117,877 122,878 4,967 5,002 4,837 5,186 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.2

Corpus Christi

208,142 212,510 207,567 212,689 11,257 12,720 11,386 13,216 5.4 6.0 5.5 6.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,594,227 3,695,298 3,605,135 3,719,307 154,756 147,745 156,393 156,318 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.2

El Paso

345,230 350,945 343,586 352,377 19,204 18,250 19,272 19,174 5.6 5.2 5.6 5.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,257,658 3,286,453 3,264,762 3,313,794 157,493 180,043 163,069 191,161 4.8 5.5 5.0 5.8

Killeen-Temple

169,278 172,623 170,569 174,119 8,372 8,261 8,532 8,661 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.0

Laredo

112,849 115,163 112,365 115,748 5,965 6,106 5,891 6,279 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.4

Longview

100,546 101,817 100,580 102,211 5,505 6,662 5,677 6,998 5.5 6.5 5.6 6.8

Lubbock

153,762 157,330 154,382 157,735 6,188 6,169 6,229 6,510 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

334,752 340,131 329,390 334,839 28,077 27,816 28,063 28,641 8.4 8.2 8.5 8.6

Midland

91,312 90,335 90,656 90,559 3,494 4,154 3,451 4,264 3.8 4.6 3.8 4.7

Odessa

79,701 78,871 79,282 79,795 3,987 5,297 4,051 5,445 5.0 6.7 5.1 6.8

San Angelo

55,702 56,608 55,155 56,329 2,517 2,607 2,493 2,759 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,105,042 1,126,464 1,104,591 1,125,966 45,424 44,786 45,938 47,567 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2

Sherman-Denison

61,003 61,737 61,171 62,114 2,570 2,422 2,622 2,593 4.2 3.9 4.3 4.2

Texarkana

65,300 65,631 64,829 65,040 3,391 3,017 3,522 3,322 5.2 4.6 5.4 5.1

Tyler

103,404 105,285 103,862 105,785 4,858 4,994 5,135 5,231 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9

Victoria

49,638 50,766 49,474 50,652 2,260 2,767 2,301 2,876 4.6 5.5 4.7 5.7

Waco

119,337 121,544 120,079 122,722 5,429 5,347 5,557 5,651 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6

Wichita Falls

65,356 65,205 65,196 65,388 3,036 2,999 3,067 3,155 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8

Utah

1,474,129 1,507,632 1,479,230 1,510,567 57,623 63,121 56,399 58,427 3.9 4.2 3.8 3.9

Logan

67,560 69,331 65,173 66,916 2,255 2,583 2,215 2,381 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.6

Ogden-Clearfield

310,823 318,014 312,373 321,158 12,232 13,157 12,190 12,196 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.8

Provo-Orem

271,847 280,978 271,499 280,124 10,004 10,967 9,679 10,126 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.6

St. George

64,107 67,522 63,909 67,831 2,791 2,993 2,721 2,847 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2

Salt Lake City

618,701 630,391 623,987 633,109 22,919 24,814 22,417 23,023 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.6

Vermont

349,178 350,929 349,908 351,348 13,005 11,934 12,920 12,118 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.4

Burlington-South Burlington

125,863 127,504 127,056 128,554 3,862 3,698 3,968 3,787 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.9

Virginia

4,268,927 4,249,400 4,276,693 4,268,101 198,131 167,968 193,661 171,662 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

89,631 87,896 89,345 88,391 4,693 4,156 4,413 4,102 5.2 4.7 4.9 4.6

Charlottesville

116,152 116,803 114,726 115,966 5,011 4,182 4,720 4,188 4.3 3.6 4.1 3.6

Harrisonburg

64,891 62,379 64,709 62,844 3,362 2,754 3,143 2,766 5.2 4.4 4.9 4.4

Lynchburg

123,856 121,353 124,319 122,445 6,641 5,650 6,303 5,751 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.7

Richmond

662,348 671,175 664,834 672,720 32,002 27,095 31,923 27,769 4.8 4.0 4.8 4.1

Roanoke

159,233 157,278 158,941 157,933 7,460 6,100 7,216 6,231 4.7 3.9 4.5 3.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,532 57,560 59,480 57,917 2,635 2,110 2,522 2,155 4.4 3.7 4.2 3.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

847,662 838,410 850,387 846,057 42,858 37,832 42,414 38,988 5.1 4.5 5.0 4.6

Winchester

69,866 70,394 69,820 70,624 3,086 2,507 2,971 2,523 4.4 3.6 4.3 3.6

Washington

3,556,723 3,629,691 3,565,987 3,658,687 192,513 201,040 197,074 209,785 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7

Bellingham

103,049 105,294 104,211 106,638 5,879 6,579 6,026 6,869 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4

Bremerton-Silverdale

113,585 116,902 114,838 118,249 6,095 7,057 6,091 7,413 5.4 6.0 5.3 6.3

Kennewick-Richland

137,649 140,847 132,561 137,104 8,015 8,834 8,237 9,054 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.6

Longview

43,489 44,744 43,841 44,831 3,235 3,380 3,279 3,442 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

56,473 58,073 57,353 59,313 3,581 3,927 3,611 4,059 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.8

Olympia-Tumwater

123,511 127,479 123,857 128,396 7,099 7,753 7,210 8,074 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,973,526 2,007,417 1,979,096 2,021,950 96,793 96,148 98,843 100,472 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

246,161 253,311 245,759 254,818 15,434 16,585 15,642 17,252 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.8

Walla Walla

30,108 30,458 29,731 30,223 1,648 1,698 1,645 1,804 5.5 5.6 5.5 6.0

Wenatchee

67,901 68,836 71,892 75,815 2,978 3,646 3,172 3,767 4.4 5.3 4.4 5.0

Yakima

127,892 131,685 126,104 131,574 8,157 8,964 8,656 9,464 6.4 6.8 6.9 7.2

West Virginia

800,151 798,939 793,331 795,387 57,510 48,394 55,677 43,562 7.2 6.1 7.0 5.5

Beckley

48,330 47,573 48,278 47,394 3,885 3,409 3,738 3,065 8.0 7.2 7.7 6.5

Charleston

101,237 100,460 100,284 99,995 6,787 5,739 6,544 5,240 6.7 5.7 6.5 5.2

Huntington-Ashland

148,806 149,952 148,522 149,216 9,910 9,390 9,884 8,909 6.7 6.3 6.7 6.0

Morgantown

64,632 65,628 64,902 66,104 3,900 3,318 3,628 2,901 6.0 5.1 5.6 4.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

40,561 40,146 40,078 39,963 2,747 2,381 2,698 2,134 6.8 5.9 6.7 5.3

Wheeling

67,248 67,142 67,102 66,847 4,749 4,493 4,675 4,111 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.1

Wisconsin

3,132,217 3,166,033 3,129,499 3,172,580 151,310 140,551 144,145 131,567 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.1

Appleton

130,883 132,907 131,229 132,872 5,347 5,259 5,101 4,804 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.6

Eau Claire

91,526 91,662 91,751 92,523 4,013 3,798 3,787 3,488 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.8

Fond du Lac

57,999 58,805 57,864 58,815 2,564 2,356 2,426 2,220 4.4 4.0 4.2 3.8

Green Bay

173,286 173,753 173,015 173,817 7,684 7,140 7,147 6,553 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.8

Janesville-Beloit

83,872 87,814 84,823 88,532 4,680 4,173 4,471 3,808 5.6 4.8 5.3 4.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

76,430 77,334 76,057 77,466 3,196 3,211 3,051 3,028 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9

Madison

377,031 383,163 380,209 385,302 13,785 12,978 12,709 11,723 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

827,260 837,175 828,710 843,584 44,730 41,234 43,620 39,812 5.4 4.9 5.3 4.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,596 92,463 92,521 92,919 4,302 3,909 4,086 3,602 4.7 4.2 4.4 3.9

Racine

100,538 100,733 101,550 101,841 5,947 5,548 6,336 5,626 5.9 5.5 6.2 5.5

Sheboygan

62,698 63,323 62,555 63,498 2,563 2,429 2,349 2,211 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.5

Wausau

75,205 75,800 74,423 75,594 3,172 2,966 3,002 2,762 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.7

Wyoming

311,850 304,987 310,796 302,773 13,154 17,053 12,000 15,610 4.2 5.6 3.9 5.2

Casper

42,775 40,954 42,662 40,980 2,184 3,188 2,035 2,977 5.1 7.8 4.8 7.3

Cheyenne

48,629 47,349 49,544 47,720 1,923 2,138 1,756 1,908 4.0 4.5 3.5 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,119,298 1,125,797 1,113,609 1,136,095 140,688 121,107 125,022 142,857 12.6 10.8 11.2 12.6

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,392 89,791 86,324 91,691 14,198 12,519 12,568 14,589 16.2 13.9 14.6 15.9

Arecibo

51,125 52,146 51,190 52,892 7,770 6,500 6,716 7,565 15.2 12.5 13.1 14.3

Guayama

22,305 22,206 21,845 22,598 4,350 3,687 3,789 4,238 19.5 16.6 17.3 18.8

Mayaguez

29,247 29,345 29,022 29,775 3,940 3,469 3,559 4,249 13.5 11.8 12.3 14.3

Ponce

98,265 97,491 96,933 98,419 16,220 13,664 14,415 15,766 16.5 14.0 14.9 16.0

San German

36,248 36,490 36,017 36,997 5,385 5,165 4,809 6,097 14.9 14.2 13.4 16.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

750,160 751,841 748,652 757,702 80,049 69,114 71,326 82,118 10.7 9.2 9.5 10.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) June July June July
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,999,793 19,181,488 19,057,223 19,369,434 1,179,350 1,087,591 1,246,352 1,135,435 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,591,688 6,653,838 6,625,758 6,737,978 415,741 334,009 440,878 354,249 6.3 5.0 6.7 5.3

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,595,318 1,612,593 1,600,973 1,630,004 71,510 71,066 77,179 74,726 4.5 4.4 4.8 4.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,996,370 5,041,245 5,024,785 5,107,974 344,231 262,943 363,699 279,523 6.9 5.2 7.2 5.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,504,935 2,527,611 2,524,154 2,572,057 107,089 105,243 114,786 110,551 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,377,015 1,385,878 1,383,829 1,409,626 66,978 65,888 71,730 69,014 4.9 4.8 5.2 4.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

986,593 998,441 997,801 1,016,488 35,138 34,318 37,607 36,224 3.6 3.4 3.8 3.6

San Rafael

141,327 143,292 142,524 145,943 4,973 5,037 5,449 5,313 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.6

District of Columbia

390,496 399,299 395,770 399,469 27,536 24,407 28,021 24,807 7.1 6.1 7.1 6.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,307,168 3,320,189 3,325,380 3,340,742 154,469 130,358 151,917 132,053 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

684,485 681,989 688,590 691,496 30,111 25,413 28,749 25,194 4.4 3.7 4.2 3.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,622,683 2,638,200 2,636,790 2,649,246 124,358 104,945 123,168 106,859 4.7 4.0 4.7 4.0

Florida

9,691,201 9,773,996 9,711,437 9,818,444 541,500 482,728 562,696 497,223 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,012,143 3,012,987 3,025,486 3,045,347 172,533 152,299 177,684 155,624 5.7 5.1 5.9 5.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

995,760 1,014,397 996,576 1,020,292 51,791 46,640 53,622 47,907 5.2 4.6 5.4 4.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,324,438 1,303,109 1,336,441 1,321,191 84,654 71,218 85,013 71,233 6.4 5.5 6.4 5.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

691,945 695,481 692,469 703,864 36,088 34,441 39,049 36,484 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.2

Illinois

6,589,926 6,666,186 6,595,668 6,684,462 394,985 398,170 407,418 374,007 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,957,812 5,054,240 4,958,688 5,055,137 297,253 303,694 300,192 277,702 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,828,766 3,910,315 3,824,350 3,900,078 235,028 242,316 235,598 217,654 6.1 6.2 6.2 5.6

Elgin

325,654 325,128 327,281 330,280 17,803 17,006 18,862 16,836 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.1

Gary(3)

340,099 351,965 339,817 352,521 20,950 21,297 21,153 20,382 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

463,293 466,832 467,240 472,258 23,472 23,075 24,579 22,830 5.1 4.9 5.3 4.8

Massachusetts

3,616,217 3,635,111 3,615,813 3,669,960 188,750 155,642 187,310 148,577 5.2 4.3 5.2 4.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,652,445 2,677,516 2,650,482 2,696,740 127,332 105,248 125,199 100,522 4.8 3.9 4.7 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,568,496 1,584,101 1,570,473 1,599,256 72,847 60,368 71,138 56,768 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.5

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,830 106,271 105,496 106,664 6,329 5,283 6,403 5,112 6.0 5.0 6.1 4.8

Framingham

156,766 157,592 156,325 158,733 6,704 5,548 6,541 5,269 4.3 3.5 4.2 3.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

114,569 116,779 114,037 117,307 5,185 4,261 5,152 4,159 4.5 3.6 4.5 3.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,140 96,074 96,271 96,641 6,475 5,192 6,476 4,921 6.7 5.4 6.7 5.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

184,601 185,473 184,670 186,703 9,772 8,113 9,748 7,996 5.3 4.4 5.3 4.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,184 84,472 83,566 84,852 4,471 3,668 4,394 3,450 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.1

Nashua(2)

168,637 172,040 167,494 170,924 6,470 5,291 6,240 5,535 3.8 3.1 3.7 3.2

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

90,526 91,273 89,678 91,696 4,450 3,721 4,354 3,484 4.9 4.1 4.9 3.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

82,696 83,441 82,472 83,964 4,629 3,803 4,753 3,828 5.6 4.6 5.8 4.6

Michigan

4,807,952 4,865,247 4,806,242 4,876,537 278,749 240,472 308,129 262,891 5.8 4.9 6.4 5.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,014,473 2,067,655 2,031,156 2,087,680 133,644 119,351 149,511 127,118 6.6 5.8 7.4 6.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

754,553 772,817 762,721 781,189 58,773 52,646 65,931 57,529 7.8 6.8 8.6 7.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,259,921 1,294,839 1,268,436 1,306,492 74,871 66,704 83,580 69,590 5.9 5.2 6.6 5.3

New York

9,755,284 9,687,037 9,787,363 9,700,704 507,585 438,982 525,205 480,861 5.2 4.5 5.4 5.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,126,286 10,101,332 10,178,478 10,158,175 530,261 471,483 559,910 529,494 5.2 4.7 5.5 5.2

Dutchess County-Putnam County

196,986 197,920 197,735 198,054 9,123 7,732 9,327 8,183 4.6 3.9 4.7 4.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,501,199 1,502,485 1,504,599 1,507,789 68,046 56,721 72,484 62,828 4.5 3.8 4.8 4.2

Newark(3)

1,268,429 1,273,131 1,274,263 1,285,068 69,947 62,718 75,289 71,741 5.5 4.9 5.9 5.6

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,159,672 7,127,796 7,201,881 7,167,264 383,145 344,312 402,810 386,742 5.4 4.8 5.6 5.4

Pennsylvania

6,485,914 6,573,447 6,523,495 6,613,275 357,063 364,833 375,545 402,832 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,077,266 3,136,919 3,089,179 3,146,754 171,377 163,379 182,616 182,098 5.6 5.2 5.9 5.8

Camden(3)

640,517 648,168 638,177 647,363 37,282 32,699 40,205 37,604 5.8 5.0 6.3 5.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,069,501 1,094,854 1,076,067 1,096,784 46,860 47,254 50,498 53,295 4.4 4.3 4.7 4.9

Philadelphia

990,832 1,007,521 996,222 1,018,082 66,537 64,292 71,179 72,246 6.7 6.4 7.1 7.1

Wilmington(3)

376,416 386,376 378,713 384,525 20,698 19,134 20,734 18,953 5.5 5.0 5.5 4.9

Texas

13,127,106 13,338,466 13,120,456 13,386,738 623,024 644,425 633,218 679,762 4.7 4.8 4.8 5.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,594,227 3,695,298 3,605,135 3,719,307 154,756 147,745 156,393 156,318 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.2

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,404,610 2,487,192 2,415,799 2,505,197 101,801 96,921 102,757 102,867 4.2 3.9 4.3 4.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,189,617 1,208,106 1,189,336 1,214,110 52,955 50,824 53,636 53,451 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.4

Washington

3,556,723 3,629,691 3,565,987 3,658,687 192,513 201,040 197,074 209,785 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,973,526 2,007,417 1,979,096 2,021,950 96,793 96,148 98,843 100,472 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,588,503 1,607,674 1,591,623 1,618,080 72,916 70,263 74,886 73,401 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

385,023 399,743 387,473 403,870 23,877 25,885 23,957 27,071 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area June July Change from
July 2015 to July 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,957.5 1,969.1 1,945.3 1,955.3 10.0 0.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.3 46.4 45.9 46.2 0.3 0.7

Auburn-Opelika

60.9 62.7 60.7 62.6 1.9 3.1

Birmingham-Hoover

518.5 524.3 516.5 522.6 6.1 1.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

73.5 75.8 73.0 75.3 2.3 3.2

Decatur

54.5 54.2 53.9 53.6 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

57.8 57.3 57.1 56.6 -0.5 -0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.1 57.0 55.5 56.9 1.4 2.5

Gadsden

37.7 38.5 37.4 38.0 0.6 1.6

Huntsville

220.3 223.0 219.4 220.2 0.8 0.4

Mobile

177.2 178.5 176.0 176.9 0.9 0.5

Montgomery

170.7 172.5 169.9 171.7 1.8 1.1

Tuscaloosa

104.3 105.9 103.8 104.8 1.0 1.0


Alaska

358.2 359.5 364.7 364.8 0.1 0.0

Anchorage

186.7 188.0 185.5 185.8 0.3 0.2

Fairbanks

39.3 39.0 39.8 39.2 -0.6 -1.5


Arizona

2,575.2 2,655.6 2,564.7 2,640.8 76.1 3.0

Flagstaff

66.0 66.2 65.3 65.2 -0.1 -0.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.0 47.3 47.3 47.4 0.1 0.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,868.9 1,934.2 1,866.6 1,925.2 58.6 3.1

Prescott

60.6 63.4 59.0 62.8 3.8 6.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.9 34.0 33.4 34.0 0.6 1.8

Tucson

356.1 369.2 351.4 366.3 14.9 4.2

Yuma

50.7 51.7 50.2 51.5 1.3 2.6


Arkansas

1,207.3 1,231.7 1,193.7 1,215.0 21.3 1.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

234.7 243.4 231.6 240.9 9.3 4.0

Fort Smith

113.4 114.0 111.0 112.1 1.1 1.0

Hot Springs

37.8 38.9 37.5 38.4 0.9 2.4

Jonesboro

54.0 55.8 53.4 55.6 2.2 4.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

349.5 357.6 347.9 353.8 5.9 1.7

Pine Bluff

33.8 33.6 33.1 32.8 -0.3 -0.9


California

16,039.0 16,549.8 15,995.6 16,378.6 383.0 2.4

Bakersfield

256.7 262.1 252.5 259.0 6.5 2.6

Chico

77.5 80.3 75.9 77.8 1.9 2.5

El Centro

51.9 54.3 50.1 52.1 2.0 4.0

Fresno

326.0 338.8 323.3 333.8 10.5 3.2

Hanford-Corcoran

38.5 39.1 39.0 39.5 0.5 1.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,799.2 5,963.8 5,780.7 5,897.5 116.8 2.0

Madera

35.7 38.5 35.4 37.8 2.4 6.8

Merced

63.7 65.8 61.0 62.4 1.4 2.3

Modesto

165.7 171.9 167.1 172.1 5.0 3.0

Napa

71.2 73.5 70.7 73.0 2.3 3.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

294.6 299.8 291.1 295.3 4.2 1.4

Redding

64.5 65.7 63.4 63.6 0.2 0.3

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,338.3 1,382.2 1,332.5 1,364.0 31.5 2.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

920.4 946.0 918.7 936.3 17.6 1.9

Salinas

133.2 137.7 132.7 134.2 1.5 1.1

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,389.2 1,429.5 1,390.1 1,418.2 28.1 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,257.2 2,325.7 2,266.4 2,327.0 60.6 2.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,044.6 1,085.2 1,044.8 1,076.3 31.5 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

116.7 119.9 113.0 115.4 2.4 2.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

100.7 103.1 98.8 100.5 1.7 1.7

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.5 185.6 179.1 183.9 4.8 2.7

Santa Rosa

197.1 203.1 197.0 202.6 5.6 2.8

Stockton-Lodi

217.3 226.3 218.0 225.5 7.5 3.4

Vallejo-Fairfield

132.5 136.2 131.4 135.5 4.1 3.1

Visalia-Porterville

118.0 122.2 117.1 119.3 2.2 1.9

Yuba City

41.0 42.6 40.4 41.5 1.1 2.7


Colorado

2,554.9 2,627.3 2,550.3 2,627.0 76.7 3.0

Boulder

179.0 185.6 178.8 184.7 5.9 3.3

Colorado Springs

273.7 280.4 272.9 279.3 6.4 2.3

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,407.3 1,453.1 1,404.2 1,455.8 51.6 3.7

Fort Collins

157.5 163.4 155.6 160.3 4.7 3.0

Grand Junction

61.1 61.6 61.3 61.9 0.6 1.0

Greeley

99.8 101.9 98.8 101.1 2.3 2.3

Pueblo

60.9 62.2 60.2 61.7 1.5 2.5


Connecticut

1,698.7 1,709.4 1,670.0 1,692.8 22.8 1.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

416.9 422.0 413.2 422.3 9.1 2.2

Danbury

79.6 79.8 78.4 78.8 0.4 0.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

574.1 578.3 564.4 571.3 6.9 1.2

New Haven

284.0 287.1 276.1 282.2 6.1 2.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

131.2 131.1 129.9 130.7 0.8 0.6

Waterbury

67.2 68.5 65.8 67.2 1.4 2.1


Delaware

453.5 468.5 454.8 466.3 11.5 2.5

Dover

68.3 69.7 67.7 68.9 1.2 1.8

Salisbury(1)

165.3 171.4 166.7 175.4 8.7 5.2


District of Columbia

764.3 775.3 775.6 784.1 8.5 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,195.0 3,274.9 3,184.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0


Florida

7,998.8 8,261.8 7,981.9 8,229.1 247.2 3.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

240.0 249.8 238.2 247.1 8.9 3.7

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

109.9 111.2 110.7 111.2 0.5 0.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

185.7 193.8 185.5 193.1 7.6 4.1

Gainesville

129.5 133.3 130.6 134.0 3.4 2.6

Homosassa Springs

32.5 32.5 31.5 31.6 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

643.0 666.6 643.7 666.6 22.9 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

205.3 209.1 204.4 208.2 3.8 1.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,474.9 2,541.5 2,465.1 2,539.8 74.7 3.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

131.5 135.6 129.5 134.4 4.9 3.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

280.9 287.7 278.7 285.8 7.1 2.5

Ocala

96.1 98.6 96.6 97.8 1.2 1.2

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,147.8 1,200.5 1,148.5 1,195.9 47.4 4.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

200.3 203.4 200.5 202.4 1.9 0.9

Panama City

83.6 84.4 83.3 83.7 0.4 0.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

165.9 168.3 166.6 168.3 1.7 1.0

Port St. Lucie

134.8 137.8 133.4 137.4 4.0 3.0

Punta Gorda

44.9 46.3 44.3 45.8 1.5 3.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

47.8 49.2 47.5 48.9 1.4 2.9

Sebring

23.4 24.5 23.0 24.3 1.3 5.7

Tallahassee

168.5 171.9 167.8 171.4 3.6 2.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,238.9 1,282.9 1,236.6 1,274.3 37.7 3.0

The Villages

25.8 26.8 25.3 26.2 0.9 3.6


Georgia

4,268.5 4,386.6 4,248.6 4,375.8 127.2 3.0

Albany

60.5 62.0 60.3 61.7 1.4 2.3

Athens-Clarke County

90.5 94.1 90.3 93.6 3.3 3.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,589.5 2,656.7 2,581.4 2,656.2 74.8 2.9

Augusta-Richmond County

227.4 230.9 225.5 229.6 4.1 1.8

Brunswick

42.4 43.7 42.3 43.7 1.4 3.3

Columbus

122.0 122.3 120.6 121.8 1.2 1.0

Dalton

68.1 68.6 67.2 68.3 1.1 1.6

Gainesville

84.0 87.2 83.8 86.5 2.7 3.2

Hinesville

19.5 19.4 19.5 19.4 -0.1 -0.5

Macon

102.2 104.3 101.6 103.8 2.2 2.2

Rome

40.2 40.8 39.7 40.4 0.7 1.8

Savannah

172.4 179.8 171.5 179.5 8.0 4.7

Valdosta

54.6 55.8 54.5 56.1 1.6 2.9

Warner Robins

71.1 71.7 70.1 70.8 0.7 1.0


Hawaii

635.4 651.1 629.3 642.9 13.6 2.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

73.1 75.5 72.9 75.3 2.4 3.3

Urban Honolulu

467.1 477.0 460.6 469.5 8.9 1.9


Idaho

680.7 703.5 680.0 701.6 21.6 3.2

Boise City

292.3 304.3 293.2 304.5 11.3 3.9

Coeur d'Alene

61.3 63.6 61.4 63.8 2.4 3.9

Idaho Falls

63.1 65.4 62.7 64.4 1.7 2.7

Lewiston

27.8 28.7 27.4 28.8 1.4 5.1

Pocatello

35.1 35.9 34.8 35.2 0.4 1.1


Illinois

6,016.6 6,055.0 5,986.8 6,029.9 43.1 0.7

Bloomington

93.8 92.2 92.8 91.5 -1.3 -1.4

Carbondale-Marion

55.6 55.9 56.8 55.4 -1.4 -2.5

Champaign-Urbana

105.5 106.2 105.0 105.5 0.5 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,641.0 4,701.8 4,620.8 4,681.8 61.0 1.3

Danville

29.4 29.6 29.1 29.2 0.1 0.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.9 181.2 185.3 181.1 -4.2 -2.3

Decatur

51.7 51.4 51.8 51.0 -0.8 -1.5

Kankakee

45.0 44.9 44.3 44.3 0.0 0.0

Peoria

180.8 178.9 179.1 178.0 -1.1 -0.6

Rockford

154.2 157.2 152.5 155.4 2.9 1.9

Springfield

113.2 115.6 113.4 114.6 1.2 1.1


Indiana

3,034.4 3,067.4 3,001.4 3,046.0 44.6 1.5

Bloomington

72.1 71.3 70.2 70.3 0.1 0.1

Columbus

51.0 52.2 50.7 51.8 1.1 2.2

Elkhart-Goshen

129.4 125.9 126.7 124.1 -2.6 -2.1

Evansville

158.2 155.9 156.8 155.6 -1.2 -0.8

Fort Wayne

218.6 222.3 216.1 220.8 4.7 2.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,019.8 1,035.5 1,014.1 1,032.6 18.5 1.8

Kokomo

40.1 40.8 40.2 40.3 0.1 0.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

97.7 98.4 95.5 97.5 2.0 2.1

Michigan City-La Porte

42.7 41.7 42.1 41.1 -1.0 -2.4

Muncie

50.4 50.7 49.6 50.2 0.6 1.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

138.0 141.7 135.3 139.2 3.9 2.9

Terre Haute

69.3 69.7 68.4 69.2 0.8 1.2


Iowa

1,576.5 1,599.8 1,554.8 1,580.5 25.7 1.7

Ames

49.0 49.9 48.5 49.5 1.0 2.1

Cedar Rapids

145.0 146.3 142.6 144.3 1.7 1.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

354.7 360.6 351.1 358.3 7.2 2.1

Dubuque

59.8 61.2 59.0 60.1 1.1 1.9

Iowa City

97.9 99.7 96.8 99.5 2.7 2.8

Sioux City

88.7 90.0 87.9 88.3 0.4 0.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.6 89.9 89.3 88.3 -1.0 -1.1


Kansas

1,406.3 1,408.6 1,385.2 1,382.6 -2.6 -0.2

Lawrence

49.9 49.6 49.5 49.0 -0.5 -1.0

Manhattan

41.8 41.8 41.5 41.4 -0.1 -0.2

Topeka

112.8 112.1 112.0 110.4 -1.6 -1.4

Wichita

296.7 301.1 292.2 295.1 2.9 1.0


Kentucky

1,892.9 1,920.6 1,871.7 1,900.6 28.9 1.5

Bowling Green

72.4 74.0 70.2 71.8 1.6 2.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.3 58.3 55.8 58.2 2.4 4.3

Lexington-Fayette

270.7 273.8 267.6 269.0 1.4 0.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

647.5 664.2 639.1 658.4 19.3 3.0

Owensboro

52.6 54.4 52.6 54.2 1.6 3.0


Louisiana

1,991.4 1,980.2 1,978.0 1,968.1 -9.9 -0.5

Alexandria

64.2 64.2 63.6 63.9 0.3 0.5

Baton Rouge

403.3 414.5 402.4 411.8 9.4 2.3

Hammond

43.6 43.7 43.5 43.5 0.0 0.0

Houma-Thibodaux

97.3 93.3 97.2 93.3 -3.9 -4.0

Lafayette

214.5 207.5 213.2 205.9 -7.3 -3.4

Lake Charles

102.2 105.4 102.0 105.1 3.1 3.0

Monroe

78.8 79.4 78.2 79.1 0.9 1.2

New Orleans-Metairie

574.8 578.3 571.0 573.9 2.9 0.5

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.0 183.2 183.4 183.7 0.3 0.2


Maine

625.8 628.1 627.0 634.5 7.5 1.2

Bangor

66.3 66.4 65.3 65.6 0.3 0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

50.7 51.4 50.0 50.9 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland

203.4 206.1 203.5 208.1 4.6 2.3


Maryland

2,686.9 2,745.9 2,668.5 2,731.4 62.9 2.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,373.9 1,412.5 1,370.2 1,403.3 33.1 2.4

California-Lexington Park

45.0 45.7 44.7 44.9 0.2 0.4

Cumberland

39.4 39.2 38.1 38.8 0.7 1.8

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.9 107.1 102.5 106.7 4.2 4.1


Massachusetts

3,548.3 3,615.8 3,533.3 3,604.9 71.6 2.0

Barnstable Town

113.1 115.3 119.7 121.5 1.8 1.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,682.2 2,732.5 2,667.9 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

Leominster-Gardner

51.4 51.9 50.3 51.4 1.1 2.2

New Bedford

67.9 68.6 67.1 68.2 1.1 1.6

Pittsfield

43.3 44.5 44.2 44.7 0.5 1.1

Springfield

330.9 330.6 325.3 328.5 3.2 1.0

Worcester

281.8 285.7 276.2 282.8 6.6 2.4


Michigan

4,292.4 4,391.0 4,223.4 4,330.8 107.4 2.5

Ann Arbor

210.0 219.6 207.5 216.4 8.9 4.3

Battle Creek

59.7 60.2 58.3 59.3 1.0 1.7

Bay City

36.6 36.7 36.0 36.3 0.3 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,962.0 2,007.3 1,930.9 1,975.8 44.9 2.3

Flint

140.9 141.8 136.8 138.2 1.4 1.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

531.0 546.2 523.7 539.5 15.8 3.0

Jackson

57.3 55.8 55.6 54.9 -0.7 -1.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

143.1 147.2 140.3 145.2 4.9 3.5

Lansing-East Lansing

222.0 226.6 218.2 224.6 6.4 2.9

Midland

38.8 38.7 37.9 38.1 0.2 0.5

Monroe

43.0 44.0 41.8 43.3 1.5 3.6

Muskegon

65.6 66.9 64.2 65.9 1.7 2.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.2 64.2 62.9 64.3 1.4 2.2

Saginaw

88.2 91.0 86.9 89.7 2.8 3.2


Minnesota

2,906.8 2,943.4 2,880.6 2,924.5 43.9 1.5

Duluth

137.6 136.7 134.8 135.0 0.2 0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

55.3 56.6 54.1 55.0 0.9 1.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,959.9 1,990.1 1,942.3 1,978.3 36.0 1.9

Rochester

118.1 120.5 117.1 120.3 3.2 2.7

St. Cloud

108.1 111.4 106.9 109.9 3.0 2.8


Mississippi

1,130.5 1,139.9 1,123.2 1,133.0 9.8 0.9

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.1 154.7 153.4 153.3 -0.1 -0.1

Hattiesburg

61.5 62.4 60.7 62.2 1.5 2.5

Jackson

275.0 277.3 271.6 274.4 2.8 1.0


Missouri

2,813.1 2,838.8 2,775.0 2,793.3 18.3 0.7

Cape Girardeau

44.2 44.1 42.3 42.5 0.2 0.5

Columbia

96.7 98.3 94.6 97.7 3.1 3.3

Jefferson City

76.5 77.1 75.5 76.1 0.6 0.8

Joplin

80.4 80.5 79.0 78.1 -0.9 -1.1

Kansas City

1,053.1 1,068.3 1,043.0 1,057.2 14.2 1.4

St. Joseph

62.7 63.3 62.0 62.2 0.2 0.3

St. Louis(2)

1,355.3 1,387.6 1,338.0 1,364.2 26.2 2.0

Springfield

207.4 212.2 205.9 209.6 3.7 1.8


Montana

469.4 472.5 468.5 471.8 3.3 0.7

Billings

85.6 86.4 85.0 85.5 0.5 0.6

Great Falls

37.3 36.8 35.6 35.8 0.2 0.6

Missoula

59.2 60.3 57.6 58.9 1.3 2.3


Nebraska

1,013.1 1,025.6 1,005.1 1,018.3 13.2 1.3

Grand Island

42.5 43.1 41.9 42.7 0.8 1.9

Lincoln

183.8 186.6 184.2 185.4 1.2 0.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

495.9 500.7 493.0 498.5 5.5 1.1


Nevada

1,257.2 1,290.5 1,251.2 1,285.0 33.8 2.7

Carson City

28.6 28.4 28.3 28.4 0.1 0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

915.0 940.0 909.9 936.9 27.0 3.0

Reno

209.9 217.5 209.1 217.3 8.2 3.9


New Hampshire

665.4 677.7 660.6 672.0 11.4 1.7

Dover-Durham

51.9 52.0 51.2 51.8 0.6 1.2

Manchester

108.8 111.9 107.9 110.8 2.9 2.7

Portsmouth

91.7 94.7 92.7 94.7 2.0 2.2


New Jersey

4,099.1 4,167.8 4,036.8 4,110.5 73.7 1.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

133.4 132.0 132.1 133.1 1.0 0.8

Ocean City

52.7 55.1 57.3 59.2 1.9 3.3

Trenton

262.2 268.8 258.9 267.1 8.2 3.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.4 58.1 55.5 55.2 -0.3 -0.5


New Mexico

818.0 832.1 815.7 825.3 9.6 1.2

Albuquerque

378.3 386.6 379.2 384.5 5.3 1.4

Farmington

51.0 51.3 50.0 49.7 -0.3 -0.6

Las Cruces

69.1 69.9 68.5 69.9 1.4 2.0

Santa Fe

63.3 64.1 63.6 64.7 1.1 1.7


New York

9,327.3 9,451.5 9,283.1 9,414.8 131.7 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

462.9 461.7 456.0 454.1 -1.9 -0.4

Binghamton

104.8 103.4 102.2 100.9 -1.3 -1.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

561.9 566.4 556.3 560.7 4.4 0.8

Elmira

39.3 38.5 38.6 37.8 -0.8 -2.1

Glens Falls

59.3 59.2 59.5 59.3 -0.2 -0.3

Ithaca

68.4 69.4 67.4 69.3 1.9 2.8

Kingston

61.9 62.8 60.5 61.8 1.3 2.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,433.3 9,607.7 9,373.9 9,573.6 199.7 2.1

Rochester

532.6 534.3 523.5 524.2 0.7 0.1

Syracuse

317.6 317.9 314.8 314.2 -0.6 -0.2

Utica-Rome

128.5 128.6 128.2 129.1 0.9 0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

44.5 45.3 44.3 45.4 1.1 2.5


North Carolina

4,257.8 4,340.9 4,184.0 4,270.7 86.7 2.1

Asheville

182.9 185.5 179.9 181.9 2.0 1.1

Burlington

59.0 59.5 57.9 58.5 0.6 1.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,109.3 1,136.3 1,091.4 1,115.4 24.0 2.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

293.6 298.8 290.7 297.4 6.7 2.3

Fayetteville

128.4 130.3 123.6 126.3 2.7 2.2

Goldsboro

42.4 42.9 41.0 41.5 0.5 1.2

Greensboro-High Point

354.7 360.2 347.5 353.6 6.1 1.8

Greenville

77.6 77.5 76.3 76.4 0.1 0.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.1 147.0 144.6 145.0 0.4 0.3

Jacksonville

49.2 49.8 46.3 47.2 0.9 1.9

New Bern

44.7 45.3 44.3 44.6 0.3 0.7

Raleigh

583.2 601.3 580.3 599.7 19.4 3.3

Rocky Mount

56.0 55.6 55.0 54.6 -0.4 -0.7

Wilmington

120.5 122.5 119.6 121.6 2.0 1.7

Winston-Salem

257.7 260.8 253.0 255.2 2.2 0.9


North Dakota

458.6 445.0 450.5 439.1 -11.4 -2.5

Bismarck

75.7 75.8 74.6 74.8 0.2 0.3

Fargo

139.2 141.9 137.6 140.0 2.4 1.7

Grand Forks

56.7 57.0 54.9 55.7 0.8 1.5


Ohio

5,452.9 5,545.0 5,440.4 5,536.1 95.7 1.8

Akron

338.1 342.9 335.3 342.1 6.8 2.0

Canton-Massillon

173.6 176.2 172.8 175.1 2.3 1.3

Cincinnati

1,068.0 1,087.4 1,064.2 1,084.4 20.2 1.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,058.1 1,076.1 1,052.2 1,073.0 20.8 2.0

Columbus

1,039.1 1,062.7 1,040.0 1,062.0 22.0 2.1

Dayton

379.6 385.2 379.5 386.5 7.0 1.8

Lima

52.7 55.1 52.1 54.8 2.7 5.2

Mansfield

52.7 52.6 53.0 52.4 -0.6 -1.1

Springfield

51.4 51.6 50.1 51.1 1.0 2.0

Toledo

302.8 315.2 303.3 315.0 11.7 3.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

44.0 44.2 43.4 43.7 0.3 0.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

226.5 226.1 225.3 225.2 -0.1 0.0


Oklahoma

1,666.4 1,665.2 1,658.9 1,642.5 -16.4 -1.0

Lawton

46.6 46.4 45.7 45.5 -0.2 -0.4

Oklahoma City

628.7 635.5 624.2 626.3 2.1 0.3

Tulsa

446.6 445.7 444.7 439.1 -5.6 -1.3


Oregon

1,791.8 1,851.3 1,774.8 1,831.4 56.6 3.2

Albany

42.3 42.8 40.8 41.8 1.0 2.5

Bend-Redmond

75.3 79.2 76.2 79.6 3.4 4.5

Corvallis

42.1 42.4 38.7 39.4 0.7 1.8

Eugene

153.3 156.4 149.9 152.6 2.7 1.8

Grants Pass

25.3 25.7 24.6 25.1 0.5 2.0

Medford

82.0 84.3 80.7 83.1 2.4 3.0

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,113.0 1,146.4 1,109.8 1,141.1 31.3 2.8

Salem

157.0 161.4 154.1 158.3 4.2 2.7


Pennsylvania

5,867.7 5,928.8 5,810.4 5,877.9 67.5 1.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

360.9 362.7 354.6 357.7 3.1 0.9

Altoona

62.1 63.2 61.2 62.6 1.4 2.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.3 42.0 41.1 41.9 0.8 1.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.4 61.8 59.6 61.5 1.9 3.2

East Stroudsburg

57.0 58.4 57.8 58.5 0.7 1.2

Erie

131.1 130.3 130.0 129.2 -0.8 -0.6

Gettysburg

33.8 34.5 33.5 34.2 0.7 2.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

336.6 343.3 335.8 340.5 4.7 1.4

Johnstown

56.8 55.9 55.9 55.8 -0.1 -0.2

Lancaster

245.7 247.7 244.7 245.8 1.1 0.4

Lebanon

51.2 51.8 50.4 51.1 0.7 1.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,841.8 2,912.3 2,804.5 2,870.2 65.7 2.3

Pittsburgh

1,172.7 1,177.9 1,162.6 1,166.5 3.9 0.3

Reading

176.2 178.3 174.1 177.2 3.1 1.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

258.6 261.2 255.4 259.4 4.0 1.6

State College

73.2 73.9 73.1 73.7 0.6 0.8

Williamsport

55.9 54.4 55.1 53.8 -1.3 -2.4

York-Hanover

182.2 185.9 179.5 184.2 4.7 2.6


Rhode Island

491.6 497.1 488.3 493.4 5.1 1.0

Providence-Warwick

583.6 591.0 577.3 585.7 8.4 1.5


South Carolina

2,017.5 2,067.3 2,007.7 2,053.1 45.4 2.3

Charleston-North Charleston

335.4 345.3 335.2 345.6 10.4 3.1

Columbia

382.9 393.1 381.8 390.5 8.7 2.3

Florence

86.0 87.5 85.0 86.2 1.2 1.4

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

402.0 409.3 400.3 406.0 5.7 1.4

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

76.6 79.4 77.1 79.9 2.8 3.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

165.3 168.6 164.9 169.7 4.8 2.9

Spartanburg

142.3 145.2 140.8 142.4 1.6 1.1

Sumter

38.8 39.4 38.5 39.2 0.7 1.8


South Dakota

438.2 448.3 433.4 445.4 12.0 2.8

Rapid City

69.6 70.7 68.6 69.8 1.2 1.7

Sioux Falls

152.1 158.5 151.4 158.4 7.0 4.6


Tennessee

2,871.8 2,940.8 2,871.1 2,934.3 63.2 2.2

Chattanooga

245.8 249.8 246.0 249.0 3.0 1.2

Clarksville

87.4 89.5 86.7 89.2 2.5 2.9

Cleveland

45.5 47.4 45.0 47.4 2.4 5.3

Jackson

66.3 67.0 66.3 67.4 1.1 1.7

Johnson City

76.2 77.4 77.1 78.0 0.9 1.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.0 121.5 119.1 120.6 1.5 1.3

Knoxville

381.7 392.3 382.8 391.5 8.7 2.3

Memphis

621.5 631.3 626.1 628.2 2.1 0.3

Morristown

44.1 45.5 43.8 45.3 1.5 3.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

907.8 936.0 904.8 935.1 30.3 3.3


Texas

11,862.9 12,046.1 11,814.0 11,990.6 176.6 1.5

Abilene

68.5 69.0 67.9 69.0 1.1 1.6

Amarillo

118.5 120.6 117.6 119.8 2.2 1.9

Austin-Round Rock

962.4 999.5 958.2 996.0 37.8 3.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

167.5 167.6 164.8 166.0 1.2 0.7

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.5 144.4 139.7 143.4 3.7 2.6

College Station-Bryan

106.3 110.9 105.3 110.0 4.7 4.5

Corpus Christi

194.2 197.7 192.6 196.0 3.4 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,409.3 3,526.8 3,401.6 3,511.5 109.9 3.2

El Paso

302.2 309.4 299.2 307.5 8.3 2.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,993.5 3,001.9 2,980.0 2,993.3 13.3 0.4

Killeen-Temple

138.4 141.8 138.6 141.5 2.9 2.1

Laredo

101.2 103.7 100.3 103.4 3.1 3.1

Longview

100.1 100.3 99.5 99.7 0.2 0.2

Lubbock

139.4 143.6 139.6 143.1 3.5 2.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

249.1 254.8 243.4 248.5 5.1 2.1

Midland

92.7 91.1 91.5 90.6 -0.9 -1.0

Odessa

75.3 72.8 74.4 73.1 -1.3 -1.7

San Angelo

49.3 50.4 48.6 49.8 1.2 2.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

985.2 1,008.8 979.6 997.2 17.6 1.8

Sherman-Denison

46.6 47.1 46.4 47.1 0.7 1.5

Texarkana

60.2 60.8 59.3 59.0 -0.3 -0.5

Tyler

101.9 104.1 101.9 103.7 1.8 1.8

Victoria

44.9 45.5 44.6 45.0 0.4 0.9

Waco

115.2 118.0 115.3 118.0 2.7 2.3

Wichita Falls

58.7 58.8 58.6 58.5 -0.1 -0.2


Utah

1,379.3 1,426.7 1,369.8 1,413.6 43.8 3.2

Logan

58.7 61.0 55.9 57.8 1.9 3.4

Ogden-Clearfield

242.1 251.7 240.4 251.5 11.1 4.6

Provo-Orem

223.8 235.0 220.6 230.7 10.1 4.6

St. George

57.1 61.1 56.4 60.5 4.1 7.3

Salt Lake City

676.1 697.6 674.7 691.3 16.6 2.5


Vermont

312.7 317.1 307.8 313.1 5.3 1.7

Burlington-South Burlington

124.3 125.9 123.2 124.8 1.6 1.3


Virginia

3,866.7 3,955.9 3,865.6 3,927.4 61.8 1.6

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

74.6 74.8 74.2 74.4 0.2 0.3

Charlottesville

112.2 116.7 110.7 114.7 4.0 3.6

Harrisonburg

63.6 63.7 63.1 63.0 -0.1 -0.2

Lynchburg

103.7 104.3 104.0 103.9 -0.1 -0.1

Richmond

651.7 676.6 652.2 671.1 18.9 2.9

Roanoke

161.1 162.9 160.4 161.7 1.3 0.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.7 49.4 49.5 49.1 -0.4 -0.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

773.9 779.5 774.0 779.0 5.0 0.6

Winchester

61.3 63.7 60.9 63.1 2.2 3.6


Washington

3,178.4 3,276.1 3,169.4 3,272.8 103.4 3.3

Bellingham

89.0 90.3 86.4 88.3 1.9 2.2

Bremerton-Silverdale

88.8 90.2 89.1 90.4 1.3 1.5

Kennewick-Richland

109.4 111.3 108.9 111.3 2.4 2.2

Longview

39.2 40.0 39.2 39.7 0.5 1.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.1 50.4 48.9 50.7 1.8 3.7

Olympia-Tumwater

109.7 112.4 108.6 112.1 3.5 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,904.3 1,972.8 1,903.8 1,977.8 74.0 3.9

Spokane-Spokane Valley

237.2 242.4 234.1 241.8 7.7 3.3

Walla Walla

27.1 27.4 26.2 26.4 0.2 0.8

Wenatchee

44.2 44.6 44.8 45.5 0.7 1.6

Yakima

82.1 84.3 81.2 82.5 1.3 1.6


West Virginia

766.0 766.2 756.9 756.6 -0.3 0.0

Beckley

47.9 47.2 47.6 46.8 -0.8 -1.7

Charleston

124.2 123.7 122.6 122.5 -0.1 -0.1

Huntington-Ashland

139.6 140.9 138.5 139.3 0.8 0.6

Morgantown

68.2 69.3 68.2 69.7 1.5 2.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.3 41.8 41.5 41.5 0.0 0.0

Wheeling

68.2 68.1 67.8 67.6 -0.2 -0.3


Wisconsin

2,921.4 2,966.2 2,903.8 2,953.6 49.8 1.7

Appleton

125.1 126.8 124.1 125.2 1.1 0.9

Eau Claire

85.2 85.1 84.8 85.1 0.3 0.4

Fond du Lac

48.5 49.2 48.0 48.7 0.7 1.5

Green Bay

176.2 176.5 175.1 175.1 0.0 0.0

Janesville-Beloit

67.2 71.2 67.5 71.4 3.9 5.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

76.7 77.5 75.6 76.8 1.2 1.6

Madison

389.9 395.6 390.7 394.2 3.5 0.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

862.5 872.3 855.5 869.2 13.7 1.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.4 95.4 95.4 95.1 -0.3 -0.3

Racine

78.3 78.0 78.3 78.2 -0.1 -0.1

Sheboygan

62.4 63.2 62.1 62.6 0.5 0.8

Wausau

73.4 73.9 71.9 73.0 1.1 1.5


Wyoming

297.2 290.1 297.2 288.9 -8.3 -2.8

Casper

42.2 40.2 41.5 39.7 -1.8 -4.3

Cheyenne

47.3 46.9 47.8 46.7 -1.1 -2.3


Puerto Rico

895.5 887.6 879.9 877.8 -2.1 -0.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.7 51.1 49.2 50.5 1.3 2.6

Arecibo

32.2 32.9 32.3 32.3 0.0 0.0

Guayama

14.9 15.2 14.7 15.0 0.3 2.0

Mayaguez

34.4 34.3 33.7 33.9 0.2 0.6

Ponce

71.3 70.0 69.6 68.6 -1.0 -1.4

San German

20.5 19.6 20.1 19.2 -0.9 -4.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

649.2 642.7 639.9 636.0 -3.9 -0.6


Virgin Islands

37.9 37.7 38.1 38.0 -0.1 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division June July Change from
July 2015 to July 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

16,039.0 16,549.8 15,995.6 16,378.6 383.0 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,799.2 5,963.8 5,780.7 5,897.5 116.8 2.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,540.4 1,590.6 1,539.7 1,580.6 40.9 2.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,258.8 4,373.2 4,241.0 4,316.9 75.9 1.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,257.2 2,325.7 2,266.4 2,327.0 60.6 2.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,097.6 1,125.9 1,096.5 1,125.9 29.4 2.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,046.2 1,081.7 1,055.9 1,082.9 27.0 2.6

San Rafael

113.4 118.1 114.0 118.2 4.2 3.7


District of Columbia

764.3 775.3 775.6 784.1 8.5 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,195.0 3,274.9 3,184.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

593.1 602.6 587.1 605.1 18.0 3.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,601.9 2,672.3 2,597.8 2,674.6 76.8 3.0


Florida

7,998.8 8,261.8 7,981.9 8,229.1 247.2 3.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,474.9 2,541.5 2,465.1 2,539.8 74.7 3.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

789.4 823.4 786.5 822.5 36.0 4.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,109.1 1,129.9 1,105.0 1,125.7 20.7 1.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

576.4 588.2 573.6 591.6 18.0 3.1


Illinois

6,016.6 6,055.0 5,986.8 6,029.9 43.1 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,641.0 4,701.8 4,620.8 4,681.8 61.0 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,694.1 3,737.0 3,681.9 3,726.8 44.9 1.2

Elgin

258.4 262.7 255.9 261.2 5.3 2.1

Gary(3)

273.3 277.2 268.8 272.8 4.0 1.5

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

415.2 424.9 414.2 421.0 6.8 1.6


Massachusetts

3,548.3 3,615.8 3,533.3 3,604.9 71.6 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,682.2 2,732.5 2,667.9 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,793.4 1,831.2 1,791.7 1,830.6 38.9 2.2

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.9 81.4 79.5 80.2 0.7 0.9

Framingham

176.1 178.1 174.3 176.9 2.6 1.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

67.5 70.0 66.4 69.2 2.8 4.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.1 83.4 82.5 83.3 0.8 1.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

151.4 152.8 150.3 151.3 1.0 0.7

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

46.2 46.7 45.7 46.3 0.6 1.3

Nashua(2)

127.7 129.8 124.3 126.3 2.0 1.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.4 97.8 94.3 97.0 2.7 2.9

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.5 61.3 58.9 60.8 1.9 3.2


Michigan

4,292.4 4,391.0 4,223.4 4,330.8 107.4 2.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,962.0 2,007.3 1,930.9 1,975.8 44.9 2.3

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

741.3 756.9 730.6 742.9 12.3 1.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,220.7 1,250.4 1,200.3 1,232.9 32.6 2.7


New York

9,327.3 9,451.5 9,283.1 9,414.8 131.7 1.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,433.3 9,607.7 9,373.9 9,573.6 199.7 2.1

Dutchess County-Putnam County

145.1 147.2 144.4 146.2 1.8 1.2

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,335.4 1,347.0 1,323.1 1,339.7 16.6 1.3

Newark(3)

1,202.2 1,224.8 1,186.1 1,214.0 27.9 2.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,750.6 6,888.7 6,720.3 6,873.7 153.4 2.3


Pennsylvania

5,867.7 5,928.8 5,810.4 5,877.9 67.5 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,841.8 2,912.3 2,804.5 2,870.2 65.7 2.3

Camden(3)

527.7 544.0 514.6 530.8 16.2 3.1

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,044.5 1,070.5 1,032.9 1,052.8 19.9 1.9

Philadelphia

912.3 928.3 901.5 922.6 21.1 2.3

Wilmington(3)

357.3 369.5 355.5 364.0 8.5 2.4


Texas

11,862.9 12,046.1 11,814.0 11,990.6 176.6 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,409.3 3,526.8 3,401.6 3,511.5 109.9 3.2

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,408.7 2,509.9 2,408.2 2,501.5 93.3 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,000.6 1,016.9 993.4 1,010.0 16.6 1.7


Washington

3,178.4 3,276.1 3,169.4 3,272.8 103.4 3.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,904.3 1,972.8 1,903.8 1,977.8 74.0 3.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,606.3 1,664.7 1,606.2 1,669.4 63.2 3.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

298.0 308.1 297.6 308.4 10.8 3.6

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: August 31, 2016