Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 3, 2016                  USDL-16-1592

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JUNE 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in June than a year earlier in 285 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 75 areas, and unchanged in 27 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eight areas had jobless rates of
less than 3.0 percent and six areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 329 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 47 areas, and was unchanged in 11 areas. The national unemployment
rate in June was 5.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.5 percent
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, the lowest unemployment rate was in Sioux Falls, S.D., 2.3 percent.
El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 23.7 percent. A total
of 191 areas had June jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 5.1 percent, 180
areas had rates above it, and 16 areas had rates equal to that of the nation.
(See table 1.)

Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate
decrease in June (-1.9 percentage points). Thirty-six other areas had rate
declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate
increase occurred in Casper, Wyo. (+2.7 percentage points). 

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or
more, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in June, 3.3
percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., had the highest rate among the
large areas, 6.9 percent. Forty-two large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases, eight had increases, and one had no change. The largest rate
decrease occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (-1.3 percentage
points). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-
Sugar Land, Texas (+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In June, Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions,
3.1 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate,
6.8 percent. (See table 2.)

In June, 35 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
2 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-1.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year
rate increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+0.3 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, 329 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 47 had decreases, and 11 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+196,500),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+171,900), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
Texas (+114,100). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred
in Madera, Calif. (+8.4 percent), followed by St. George, Utah (+6.7 percent), and
Janesville-Beloit, Wis. (+5.4 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-6,900),
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-5,500), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,400).
The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo.
(-5.0 percent), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.5 percent), and Odessa, Texas (-3.3 percent).
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+4.0 percent),
and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.9 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, nonfarm payroll employment increased in all of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+158,300),
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+122,500), and Dallas-Plano-
Irving, Texas (+99,600). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+4.5
percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.1 percent), and San Rafael,
Calif. (+4.0 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled
to be released on Friday, August 19, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, August 31, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) May June May June
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,157,591 2,175,802 2,164,225 2,196,562 132,164 124,630 143,670 143,404 6.1 5.7 6.6 6.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,379 46,317 46,288 46,778 3,257 2,989 3,487 3,418 7.0 6.5 7.5 7.3

Auburn-Opelika

71,452 73,048 71,573 73,873 3,666 3,631 4,170 4,400 5.1 5.0 5.8 6.0

Birmingham-Hoover

533,798 538,867 534,153 544,704 29,469 28,879 31,510 32,762 5.5 5.4 5.9 6.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

88,912 90,973 90,412 93,122 4,744 4,622 5,033 5,089 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.5

Decatur

69,325 69,286 69,710 69,818 4,299 3,982 4,641 4,469 6.2 5.7 6.7 6.4

Dothan

62,513 62,492 63,111 62,873 3,905 3,647 4,206 4,046 6.2 5.8 6.7 6.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,828 67,192 66,694 67,776 4,978 4,330 5,365 4,937 7.4 6.4 8.0 7.3

Gadsden

43,465 44,433 43,478 44,586 2,658 2,535 2,867 2,885 6.1 5.7 6.6 6.5

Huntsville

210,272 211,699 210,046 213,162 11,620 10,673 12,716 12,281 5.5 5.0 6.1 5.8

Mobile

184,116 185,419 184,252 185,810 12,864 11,979 14,147 13,948 7.0 6.5 7.7 7.5

Montgomery

170,180 170,304 169,832 172,236 10,036 9,262 10,936 10,776 5.9 5.4 6.4 6.3

Tuscaloosa

112,013 113,888 112,226 114,559 6,525 6,424 7,240 7,813 5.8 5.6 6.5 6.8

Alaska

364,910 360,368 371,633 367,523 22,994 23,878 24,586 24,837 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.8

Anchorage

202,913 202,217 204,085 204,287 11,078 11,943 12,033 12,750 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.2

Fairbanks

47,445 46,578 46,508 45,697 2,415 2,587 2,656 2,618 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.7

Arizona

3,148,508 3,227,323 3,157,676 3,233,403 188,462 176,769 202,400 199,882 6.0 5.5 6.4 6.2

Flagstaff

73,178 73,572 75,292 76,023 4,497 4,207 5,026 5,123 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,866 80,446 80,394 80,319 6,087 5,339 6,470 6,002 7.6 6.6 8.0 7.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,152,636 2,214,817 2,163,417 2,222,639 108,217 104,254 119,174 118,437 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.3

Prescott

98,159 101,033 98,463 102,399 5,112 4,855 5,739 5,533 5.2 4.8 5.8 5.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,750 50,523 51,086 51,204 3,689 3,253 3,876 3,615 7.3 6.4 7.6 7.1

Tucson

464,508 478,709 459,329 472,008 24,832 23,767 27,518 27,135 5.3 5.0 6.0 5.7

Yuma

97,829 97,214 96,627 97,464 23,808 20,395 21,655 21,629 24.3 21.0 22.4 22.2

Arkansas

1,336,245 1,361,449 1,349,251 1,372,077 72,301 52,060 73,629 57,950 5.4 3.8 5.5 4.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

252,914 263,569 255,723 266,328 10,415 7,383 10,417 8,350 4.1 2.8 4.1 3.1

Fort Smith

122,228 121,906 122,779 123,083 6,989 5,604 7,049 6,093 5.7 4.6 5.7 5.0

Hot Springs

40,373 40,985 40,683 41,419 2,329 1,678 2,349 1,850 5.8 4.1 5.8 4.5

Jonesboro

60,926 62,475 61,587 63,096 2,983 2,019 3,138 2,329 4.9 3.2 5.1 3.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

346,483 354,812 349,563 359,122 16,911 12,073 16,913 13,403 4.9 3.4 4.8 3.7

Pine Bluff

36,870 36,617 37,225 37,044 2,633 1,911 2,730 2,128 7.1 5.2 7.3 5.7

California

19,036,611 18,984,655 18,999,793 19,181,189 1,164,888 898,746 1,179,350 1,087,685 6.1 4.7 6.2 5.7

Bakersfield

397,707 394,813 391,477 398,502 40,513 38,079 40,532 42,924 10.2 9.6 10.4 10.8

Chico

103,022 101,543 101,772 102,616 7,112 5,890 7,413 7,348 6.9 5.8 7.3 7.2

El Centro

79,858 79,316 79,518 81,426 18,793 16,957 18,987 19,279 23.5 21.4 23.9 23.7

Fresno

449,811 451,463 448,685 456,266 44,391 37,960 43,479 42,786 9.9 8.4 9.7 9.4

Hanford-Corcoran

59,413 58,047 58,314 58,238 5,927 4,999 6,009 5,938 10.0 8.6 10.3 10.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,622,481 6,592,869 6,591,688 6,653,446 412,989 271,903 415,741 331,429 6.2 4.1 6.3 5.0

Madera

60,965 61,445 61,030 62,576 6,309 5,159 6,135 5,870 10.3 8.4 10.1 9.4

Merced

115,034 114,790 115,639 116,350 12,912 11,067 12,532 12,287 11.2 9.6 10.8 10.6

Modesto

244,060 243,624 242,663 246,027 23,282 19,306 23,193 22,580 9.5 7.9 9.6 9.2

Napa

75,916 75,684 75,898 76,757 3,167 2,576 3,176 3,194 4.2 3.4 4.2 4.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

432,614 426,000 429,898 427,957 23,126 18,957 23,603 23,301 5.3 4.5 5.5 5.4

Redding

75,190 73,979 75,590 75,379 5,697 4,527 5,633 5,410 7.6 6.1 7.5 7.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,958,071 1,958,609 1,956,018 1,977,933 125,609 103,381 130,832 129,761 6.4 5.3 6.7 6.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,061,229 1,054,937 1,065,550 1,072,860 60,511 49,180 61,725 60,570 5.7 4.7 5.8 5.6

Salinas

226,436 226,210 229,352 231,008 15,750 13,298 14,726 14,320 7.0 5.9 6.4 6.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,565,494 1,560,360 1,567,145 1,576,952 78,949 65,171 80,995 80,585 5.0 4.2 5.2 5.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,504,339 2,505,230 2,504,935 2,525,364 103,829 84,601 107,089 105,379 4.1 3.4 4.3 4.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,046,412 1,057,529 1,050,640 1,069,075 43,550 35,797 44,437 44,238 4.2 3.4 4.2 4.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

145,183 144,971 146,077 147,238 6,298 5,104 6,579 6,611 4.3 3.5 4.5 4.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

146,361 145,311 147,873 149,257 9,971 8,523 9,399 9,374 6.8 5.9 6.4 6.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

222,600 222,950 221,422 224,352 10,512 8,785 10,791 11,045 4.7 3.9 4.9 4.9

Santa Rosa

262,366 260,048 260,951 263,268 11,194 8,906 11,604 11,119 4.3 3.4 4.4 4.2

Stockton-Lodi

321,118 322,688 317,356 325,588 27,262 22,761 27,629 27,139 8.5 7.1 8.7 8.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

206,632 206,093 207,170 208,427 12,383 9,961 12,573 12,218 6.0 4.8 6.1 5.9

Visalia-Porterville

208,748 207,105 205,799 207,629 22,470 19,554 22,568 22,370 10.8 9.4 11.0 10.8

Yuba City

73,678 72,741 73,735 74,003 7,433 6,140 7,246 6,950 10.1 8.4 9.8 9.4

Colorado

2,824,897 2,888,425 2,852,411 2,915,108 112,017 102,737 118,507 117,824 4.0 3.6 4.2 4.0

Boulder

177,242 181,345 176,534 181,433 5,771 5,228 6,174 6,203 3.3 2.9 3.5 3.4

Colorado Springs

320,488 326,140 322,234 328,114 14,691 13,049 15,959 15,348 4.6 4.0 5.0 4.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,506,096 1,545,640 1,516,377 1,554,973 56,082 50,910 59,346 59,006 3.7 3.3 3.9 3.8

Fort Collins

181,607 186,864 183,442 187,320 6,032 5,589 6,423 6,426 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.4

Grand Junction

72,513 73,147 72,085 73,233 4,001 4,153 4,407 4,808 5.5 5.7 6.1 6.6

Greeley

148,686 152,770 148,662 152,269 5,832 5,539 6,338 6,404 3.9 3.6 4.3 4.2

Pueblo

72,544 73,894 72,284 73,772 4,075 3,726 4,378 4,377 5.6 5.0 6.1 5.9

Connecticut

1,895,146 1,894,548 1,905,317 1,922,539 105,395 101,415 106,216 113,532 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.9

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

466,511 468,112 470,000 476,118 25,335 24,365 25,512 26,973 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.7

Danbury

107,409 107,638 107,806 109,007 4,733 4,723 4,750 5,436 4.4 4.4 4.4 5.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

617,445 617,345 619,855 624,654 34,351 33,327 34,732 38,134 5.6 5.4 5.6 6.1

New Haven

324,179 322,056 325,912 329,453 18,304 17,502 18,437 19,462 5.6 5.4 5.7 5.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

142,607 142,333 144,556 144,071 8,492 7,754 8,502 8,585 6.0 5.4 5.9 6.0

Waterbury

111,674 111,082 111,903 112,715 7,904 7,231 7,909 7,798 7.1 6.5 7.1 6.9

Delaware

464,051 479,590 470,772 484,933 21,514 18,813 24,359 22,812 4.6 3.9 5.2 4.7

Dover

76,130 77,915 76,612 77,734 4,047 3,443 4,489 4,132 5.3 4.4 5.9 5.3

Salisbury(1)

184,894 188,454 194,242 200,336 10,564 8,848 10,993 9,716 5.7 4.7 5.7 4.8

District of Columbia

384,242 392,578 390,496 399,446 25,361 20,369 27,536 24,461 6.6 5.2 7.1 6.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,296,795 3,281,673 3,307,168 3,323,015 149,907 116,363 154,469 130,752 4.5 3.5 4.7 3.9

Florida

9,756,834 9,749,076 9,691,201 9,766,839 538,880 426,600 541,500 478,016 5.5 4.4 5.6 4.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

322,277 326,658 317,826 324,281 16,623 13,090 16,667 14,880 5.2 4.0 5.2 4.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

123,015 121,498 124,254 124,066 5,586 4,359 5,503 4,976 4.5 3.6 4.4 4.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

286,057 288,526 283,821 289,712 17,190 13,252 17,007 14,815 6.0 4.6 6.0 5.1

Gainesville

138,090 137,807 133,893 135,758 6,527 5,232 6,703 6,400 4.7 3.8 5.0 4.7

Homosassa Springs

48,577 47,224 48,320 47,562 3,717 2,894 3,665 3,239 7.7 6.1 7.6 6.8

Jacksonville

730,389 734,860 730,138 741,195 39,304 30,317 40,283 35,036 5.4 4.1 5.5 4.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

282,400 280,353 280,251 280,657 17,578 13,659 17,997 16,025 6.2 4.9 6.4 5.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,040,504 3,015,358 3,012,143 3,010,571 172,099 140,510 172,533 150,543 5.7 4.7 5.7 5.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

163,046 162,160 159,583 160,725 8,204 6,559 8,723 7,799 5.0 4.0 5.5 4.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

347,530 346,517 344,910 346,725 17,482 13,889 17,245 15,630 5.0 4.0 5.0 4.5

Ocala

132,543 131,133 131,178 131,855 8,717 6,851 8,622 7,664 6.6 5.2 6.6 5.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,231,921 1,251,451 1,230,772 1,260,129 63,496 49,621 63,908 56,837 5.2 4.0 5.2 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

260,096 255,313 259,408 258,551 15,761 12,106 15,592 13,494 6.1 4.7 6.0 5.2

Panama City

95,491 94,089 96,307 95,938 5,170 4,026 5,071 4,444 5.4 4.3 5.3 4.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

216,263 212,947 215,012 214,386 11,652 9,157 11,879 10,853 5.4 4.3 5.5 5.1

Port St. Lucie

202,975 202,074 200,676 200,863 12,163 9,612 12,387 11,096 6.0 4.8 6.2 5.5

Punta Gorda

68,288 67,831 67,373 68,054 4,058 3,201 3,946 3,560 5.9 4.7 5.9 5.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,796 61,180 61,312 61,440 4,269 3,394 4,407 3,851 6.9 5.5 7.2 6.3

Sebring

36,243 36,163 34,043 34,546 2,645 2,023 2,654 2,345 7.3 5.6 7.8 6.8

Tallahassee

185,510 185,322 185,249 185,652 9,949 7,768 10,281 9,399 5.4 4.2 5.5 5.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,458,089 1,469,598 1,453,292 1,474,415 77,203 60,259 76,833 67,986 5.3 4.1 5.3 4.6

The Villages

28,891 28,866 28,487 29,047 2,247 1,820 2,099 1,905 7.8 6.3 7.4 6.6

Georgia

4,798,766 4,850,483 4,777,896 4,909,991 292,266 229,794 299,459 272,908 6.1 4.7 6.3 5.6

Albany

65,308 66,194 64,973 66,836 4,729 3,714 4,858 4,401 7.2 5.6 7.5 6.6

Athens-Clarke County

93,084 95,819 93,206 97,335 5,389 4,180 5,774 5,464 5.8 4.4 6.2 5.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,851,166 2,886,883 2,838,467 2,921,019 165,971 131,203 169,168 154,628 5.8 4.5 6.0 5.3

Augusta-Richmond County

257,113 256,847 256,743 260,507 16,597 13,610 17,202 15,668 6.5 5.3 6.7 6.0

Brunswick

50,660 51,426 50,492 52,431 3,298 2,529 3,295 2,926 6.5 4.9 6.5 5.6

Columbus

125,399 124,503 124,796 125,592 8,846 7,096 9,147 8,291 7.1 5.7 7.3 6.6

Dalton

60,663 60,743 60,592 61,455 3,999 3,214 4,127 3,884 6.6 5.3 6.8 6.3

Gainesville

92,828 94,745 92,560 96,273 4,638 3,632 4,792 4,479 5.0 3.8 5.2 4.7

Hinesville

32,350 32,024 31,788 32,179 2,081 1,616 2,100 1,917 6.4 5.0 6.6 6.0

Macon

103,628 104,058 103,419 105,581 6,855 5,307 7,050 6,228 6.6 5.1 6.8 5.9

Rome

43,082 42,783 42,899 43,531 2,915 2,271 3,013 2,721 6.8 5.3 7.0 6.3

Savannah

177,206 180,347 176,506 183,984 10,249 8,068 10,633 9,875 5.8 4.5 6.0 5.4

Valdosta

63,216 63,514 62,294 63,888 3,886 3,009 4,054 3,653 6.1 4.7 6.5 5.7

Warner Robins

81,328 81,140 81,138 82,330 5,150 4,001 5,293 4,772 6.3 4.9 6.5 5.8

Hawaii

675,441 682,080 680,048 686,455 24,355 21,413 28,093 26,605 3.6 3.1 4.1 3.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

83,572 85,574 84,824 85,822 3,035 2,781 3,537 3,344 3.6 3.2 4.2 3.9

Urban Honolulu

468,530 469,456 468,948 471,817 16,020 13,808 18,271 17,179 3.4 2.9 3.9 3.6

Idaho

797,300 812,670 808,677 821,795 29,932 26,721 32,158 29,734 3.8 3.3 4.0 3.6

Boise City

323,150 330,402 326,391 334,246 12,144 10,565 13,255 12,147 3.8 3.2 4.1 3.6

Coeur d'Alene

71,926 73,720 73,599 75,056 3,025 2,890 3,180 3,064 4.2 3.9 4.3 4.1

Idaho Falls

65,016 66,736 66,406 67,597 2,059 1,870 2,220 2,106 3.2 2.8 3.3 3.1

Lewiston

30,734 31,400 30,673 31,380 1,164 1,087 1,179 1,182 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.8

Pocatello

42,409 43,214 41,874 42,285 1,559 1,282 1,640 1,421 3.7 3.0 3.9 3.4

Illinois

6,520,791 6,594,464 6,589,926 6,664,394 373,226 368,542 394,985 398,121 5.7 5.6 6.0 6.0

Bloomington

99,827 97,642 97,828 95,839 4,452 5,108 4,887 5,147 4.5 5.2 5.0 5.4

Carbondale-Marion

60,075 59,130 59,067 57,923 3,358 3,609 3,627 3,518 5.6 6.1 6.1 6.1

Champaign-Urbana

120,481 120,747 117,017 117,026 5,725 6,218 6,278 6,219 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,896,443 4,970,947 4,957,812 5,053,549 284,763 269,270 297,253 303,665 5.8 5.4 6.0 6.0

Danville

35,660 35,504 35,769 35,271 2,316 2,571 2,516 2,516 6.5 7.2 7.0 7.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

193,273 188,042 195,496 189,196 10,137 10,271 10,375 10,684 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.6

Decatur

50,395 49,925 50,983 50,064 3,281 3,380 3,600 3,427 6.5 6.8 7.1 6.8

Kankakee

54,952 54,801 55,453 54,738 3,439 3,529 3,646 3,352 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.1

Peoria

186,265 184,767 188,588 184,755 10,762 12,057 11,602 11,661 5.8 6.5 6.2 6.3

Rockford

168,434 170,063 170,626 171,216 10,659 11,169 11,295 10,838 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.3

Springfield

111,251 111,377 111,692 111,602 5,295 5,379 5,623 5,248 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.7

Indiana

3,286,281 3,368,421 3,297,485 3,409,386 159,838 146,080 157,333 157,430 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.6

Bloomington

75,496 75,695 74,966 76,057 3,916 3,557 4,266 4,162 5.2 4.7 5.7 5.5

Columbus

43,477 45,329 43,499 45,925 1,558 1,489 1,590 1,627 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

105,426 105,941 106,852 106,494 4,073 3,739 4,138 4,207 3.9 3.5 3.9 4.0

Evansville

159,361 159,442 160,270 161,300 6,855 6,768 6,960 7,318 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5

Fort Wayne

211,525 218,490 212,811 220,953 9,423 8,848 9,391 9,556 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,014,465 1,039,005 1,019,694 1,056,462 46,942 41,887 45,792 44,686 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.2

Kokomo

37,047 38,131 37,143 38,578 1,897 1,776 1,848 1,847 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.8

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107,340 111,386 105,376 110,189 4,574 4,249 4,918 4,913 4.3 3.8 4.7 4.5

Michigan City-La Porte

49,034 49,164 49,329 50,101 3,006 2,836 2,824 2,933 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.9

Muncie

54,133 55,046 54,207 55,854 3,169 2,858 3,208 3,196 5.9 5.2 5.9 5.7

South Bend-Mishawaka

156,776 159,604 156,080 161,113 7,990 6,854 7,832 7,555 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.7

Terre Haute

77,665 79,042 76,638 79,240 4,749 4,355 4,652 4,608 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.8

Iowa

1,699,388 1,703,694 1,713,556 1,730,080 58,649 58,477 63,468 70,049 3.5 3.4 3.7 4.0

Ames

57,515 57,478 54,715 55,325 1,325 1,209 1,757 1,792 2.3 2.1 3.2 3.2

Cedar Rapids

143,648 143,559 145,501 145,882 5,066 5,282 5,358 5,875 3.5 3.7 3.7 4.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

339,540 340,861 343,113 348,323 11,325 11,047 12,022 13,165 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.8

Dubuque

55,940 55,555 55,366 56,699 1,804 1,843 2,001 2,194 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.9

Iowa City

95,445 95,551 95,447 96,491 2,401 2,386 2,836 3,089 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.2

Sioux City

92,409 92,722 93,615 95,159 3,008 2,827 3,455 3,544 3.3 3.0 3.7 3.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91,336 89,998 90,571 89,841 3,780 3,803 4,029 4,593 4.1 4.2 4.4 5.1

Kansas

1,491,922 1,490,344 1,511,866 1,508,460 64,431 54,015 67,507 66,236 4.3 3.6 4.5 4.4

Lawrence

65,193 64,916 63,159 63,193 2,505 2,068 2,674 2,681 3.8 3.2 4.2 4.2

Manhattan

49,144 50,727 47,766 47,621 1,775 1,454 1,840 1,859 3.6 2.9 3.9 3.9

Topeka

121,018 119,579 122,881 121,559 5,248 4,304 5,393 5,170 4.3 3.6 4.4 4.3

Wichita

311,820 313,140 314,318 317,647 14,834 12,596 15,430 15,482 4.8 4.0 4.9 4.9

Kentucky

1,967,090 1,983,256 1,978,569 2,001,878 106,942 98,194 109,346 108,818 5.4 5.0 5.5 5.4

Bowling Green

77,020 77,474 76,921 77,836 3,798 3,221 4,042 3,641 4.9 4.2 5.3 4.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,844 65,264 64,492 66,698 3,437 2,931 3,473 3,210 5.4 4.5 5.4 4.8

Lexington-Fayette

255,153 258,374 257,863 258,914 10,880 9,597 11,167 10,599 4.3 3.7 4.3 4.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

626,724 637,557 630,325 647,601 30,383 27,053 30,198 29,572 4.8 4.2 4.8 4.6

Owensboro

52,835 54,124 53,332 54,535 2,520 2,442 2,631 2,648 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.9

Louisiana

2,179,116 2,154,453 2,196,583 2,187,256 140,130 131,719 152,481 153,259 6.4 6.1 6.9 7.0

Alexandria

67,583 67,220 68,546 68,337 4,523 4,199 4,961 4,932 6.7 6.2 7.2 7.2

Baton Rouge

424,046 426,750 426,558 434,778 23,536 22,037 26,026 26,221 5.6 5.2 6.1 6.0

Hammond

54,518 54,008 55,008 54,732 4,027 3,691 4,445 4,417 7.4 6.8 8.1 8.1

Houma-Thibodaux

101,103 97,516 101,688 98,365 5,902 6,466 6,214 7,268 5.8 6.6 6.1 7.4

Lafayette

231,195 223,969 232,223 226,810 15,125 16,177 16,218 18,103 6.5 7.2 7.0 8.0

Lake Charles

101,773 103,529 103,201 105,434 5,639 5,034 5,970 5,922 5.5 4.9 5.8 5.6

Monroe

82,639 82,182 83,172 83,052 5,639 5,065 6,129 5,816 6.8 6.2 7.4 7.0

New Orleans-Metairie

610,696 602,725 613,547 610,612 37,002 33,255 40,258 38,958 6.1 5.5 6.6 6.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

197,315 193,003 199,128 196,187 13,844 12,441 15,180 14,571 7.0 6.4 7.6 7.4

Maine

678,525 677,133 691,223 694,200 30,191 24,036 29,231 25,440 4.4 3.5 4.2 3.7

Bangor

69,422 68,820 69,831 69,783 2,929 2,458 2,886 2,649 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.8

Lewiston-Auburn

54,932 54,971 55,232 55,533 2,282 1,826 2,207 1,958 4.2 3.3 4.0 3.5

Portland-South Portland

197,278 196,916 201,331 202,587 7,079 5,472 6,943 6,119 3.6 2.8 3.4 3.0

Maryland

3,155,474 3,145,227 3,179,911 3,194,209 164,343 129,769 171,863 145,010 5.2 4.1 5.4 4.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,475,289 1,471,894 1,482,179 1,493,026 80,060 62,761 83,709 70,013 5.4 4.3 5.6 4.7

California-Lexington Park

54,506 54,038 55,186 55,036 2,686 2,138 2,903 2,612 4.9 4.0 5.3 4.7

Cumberland

44,837 43,617 44,857 44,096 3,073 2,447 3,318 2,811 6.9 5.6 7.4 6.4

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,662 128,295 131,792 131,881 7,186 5,483 7,364 5,990 5.5 4.3 5.6 4.5

Massachusetts

3,560,302 3,573,518 3,616,217 3,634,834 174,161 135,670 188,750 155,649 4.9 3.8 5.2 4.3

Barnstable Town

122,751 122,718 130,790 131,441 6,569 5,038 6,693 5,340 5.4 4.1 5.1 4.1

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,616,257 2,633,464 2,652,445 2,677,422 116,887 91,464 127,332 105,188 4.5 3.5 4.8 3.9

Leominster-Gardner

75,965 76,092 76,699 76,887 4,401 3,395 4,749 3,902 5.8 4.5 6.2 5.1

New Bedford

83,765 83,276 84,850 84,872 5,775 4,371 6,142 4,922 6.9 5.2 7.2 5.8

Pittsfield

43,051 43,406 44,396 44,915 2,319 1,902 2,417 2,095 5.4 4.4 5.4 4.7

Springfield

364,909 363,601 367,370 364,169 20,993 17,304 22,770 19,804 5.8 4.8 6.2 5.4

Worcester

345,272 346,484 348,789 349,703 18,096 14,323 19,366 16,314 5.2 4.1 5.6 4.7

Michigan

4,803,409 4,858,280 4,807,952 4,863,417 284,564 217,973 278,749 240,558 5.9 4.5 5.8 4.9

Ann Arbor

192,223 195,556 189,444 194,069 8,109 6,305 8,021 6,802 4.2 3.2 4.2 3.5

Battle Creek

65,819 65,824 65,789 65,547 3,600 2,782 3,471 2,885 5.5 4.2 5.3 4.4

Bay City

53,090 52,730 53,108 52,711 3,282 2,460 3,080 2,645 6.2 4.7 5.8 5.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,009,816 2,055,212 2,014,473 2,065,354 133,795 99,746 133,644 119,419 6.7 4.9 6.6 5.8

Flint

186,279 185,199 185,927 184,538 11,975 9,326 11,443 9,498 6.4 5.0 6.2 5.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

561,420 570,559 562,144 569,548 23,770 18,141 23,314 19,538 4.2 3.2 4.1 3.4

Jackson

74,634 72,842 74,598 72,410 4,204 3,279 4,107 3,412 5.6 4.5 5.5 4.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,214 168,879 167,452 168,429 8,634 6,570 8,377 7,012 5.2 3.9 5.0 4.2

Lansing-East Lansing

247,861 248,553 241,331 242,187 12,067 11,331 11,865 9,683 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.0

Midland

42,552 42,093 42,660 42,102 2,198 1,698 2,123 1,797 5.2 4.0 5.0 4.3

Monroe

77,637 78,911 77,257 78,355 3,814 2,916 3,616 3,080 4.9 3.7 4.7 3.9

Muskegon

79,360 79,839 79,868 79,904 4,910 3,727 4,795 3,957 6.2 4.7 6.0 5.0

Niles-Benton Harbor

75,547 75,766 76,003 76,115 4,229 3,267 4,041 3,521 5.6 4.3 5.3 4.6

Saginaw

89,285 90,307 89,810 90,672 5,496 4,226 5,244 4,376 6.2 4.7 5.8 4.8

Minnesota

3,019,576 3,042,503 3,037,344 3,049,853 106,734 101,456 115,545 121,352 3.5 3.3 3.8 4.0

Duluth

143,701 142,689 144,579 144,506 6,624 7,357 7,490 8,452 4.6 5.2 5.2 5.8

Mankato-North Mankato

58,882 59,576 58,561 59,289 1,680 1,611 1,833 2,043 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,951,015 1,968,877 1,953,718 1,971,286 65,744 61,104 70,923 73,775 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.7

Rochester

118,128 119,476 119,916 120,504 3,693 3,270 3,944 3,978 3.1 2.7 3.3 3.3

St. Cloud

109,936 111,688 110,388 111,986 3,870 3,735 4,183 4,316 3.5 3.3 3.8 3.9

Mississippi

1,278,144 1,284,983 1,286,448 1,292,802 86,965 77,875 90,993 87,773 6.8 6.1 7.1 6.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,673 164,272 166,368 166,927 11,167 10,363 11,458 11,194 6.8 6.3 6.9 6.7

Hattiesburg

66,197 67,793 66,554 67,330 4,047 3,746 4,251 4,210 6.1 5.5 6.4 6.3

Jackson

268,827 271,040 270,832 272,990 15,091 13,916 15,935 15,707 5.6 5.1 5.9 5.8

Missouri

3,140,540 3,149,904 3,154,288 3,168,155 166,493 126,814 165,037 155,651 5.3 4.0 5.2 4.9

Cape Girardeau

49,817 49,574 49,893 50,633 2,516 2,045 2,561 2,612 5.1 4.1 5.1 5.2

Columbia

101,555 103,514 99,315 99,490 3,881 2,823 4,031 3,913 3.8 2.7 4.1 3.9

Jefferson City

77,168 77,139 77,621 77,620 3,549 2,602 3,553 3,410 4.6 3.4 4.6 4.4

Joplin

88,230 87,180 88,231 87,355 4,255 3,202 4,276 4,230 4.8 3.7 4.8 4.8

Kansas City

1,124,838 1,128,837 1,134,939 1,137,969 55,688 45,755 55,140 51,056 5.0 4.1 4.9 4.5

St. Joseph

66,811 66,133 66,771 66,487 3,218 2,371 3,239 3,000 4.8 3.6 4.9 4.5

St. Louis(2)

1,492,826 1,500,890 1,497,433 1,509,497 77,788 62,792 78,931 74,015 5.2 4.2 5.3 4.9

Springfield

234,818 237,718 234,812 238,125 11,073 8,128 11,000 10,417 4.7 3.4 4.7 4.4

Montana

523,271 521,447 530,430 530,831 18,810 18,814 21,780 22,348 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.2

Billings

86,993 88,192 88,511 89,292 2,478 2,687 3,055 3,436 2.8 3.0 3.5 3.8

Great Falls

38,943 38,203 39,718 39,283 1,321 1,297 1,560 1,623 3.4 3.4 3.9 4.1

Missoula

61,367 61,578 61,183 61,715 2,046 1,938 2,382 2,344 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.8

Nebraska

1,015,079 1,021,211 1,024,122 1,029,890 29,549 28,553 33,173 34,073 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3

Grand Island

43,620 44,205 44,351 44,964 1,381 1,341 1,571 1,523 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4

Lincoln

176,940 177,925 175,544 177,099 4,596 4,518 5,178 5,461 2.6 2.5 2.9 3.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

477,879 479,874 480,128 482,866 15,085 14,269 16,649 16,828 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.5

Nevada

1,425,995 1,436,897 1,430,171 1,442,348 94,018 89,499 99,515 97,478 6.6 6.2 7.0 6.8

Carson City

25,110 24,925 25,500 25,209 1,754 1,642 1,841 1,749 7.0 6.6 7.2 6.9

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,047,448 1,055,459 1,049,522 1,059,667 69,496 67,173 74,049 73,399 6.6 6.4 7.1 6.9

Reno

229,858 232,944 230,464 233,851 14,233 12,779 14,794 13,816 6.2 5.5 6.4 5.9

New Hampshire

737,911 744,416 748,678 760,114 24,688 19,338 25,495 20,788 3.3 2.6 3.4 2.7

Dover-Durham

82,510 83,614 81,997 83,298 2,601 1,967 2,589 2,109 3.2 2.4 3.2 2.5

Manchester

113,953 115,690 115,080 118,261 3,736 2,953 3,858 3,215 3.3 2.6 3.4 2.7

Portsmouth

73,373 75,098 75,133 77,054 2,134 1,700 2,216 1,887 2.9 2.3 2.9 2.4

New Jersey

4,552,979 4,563,067 4,579,658 4,598,889 262,655 225,711 256,468 227,177 5.8 4.9 5.6 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

129,046 123,954 130,140 125,909 12,337 8,967 11,700 8,904 9.6 7.2 9.0 7.1

Ocean City

49,800 50,644 55,683 56,681 4,874 4,207 4,366 3,842 9.8 8.3 7.8 6.8

Trenton

198,130 201,237 199,904 201,970 9,964 8,693 9,854 8,976 5.0 4.3 4.9 4.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,984 67,139 67,789 66,359 5,812 4,876 5,582 4,896 8.5 7.3 8.2 7.4

New Mexico

916,941 916,145 926,033 932,806 58,686 55,044 68,121 65,549 6.4 6.0 7.4 7.0

Albuquerque

411,440 414,783 415,394 422,578 24,576 22,325 28,983 27,137 6.0 5.4 7.0 6.4

Farmington

55,159 55,897 55,730 56,496 3,712 4,524 4,419 5,164 6.7 8.1 7.9 9.1

Las Cruces

94,032 93,473 93,382 93,776 6,901 6,281 7,749 7,197 7.3 6.7 8.3 7.7

Santa Fe

71,720 71,537 72,258 73,083 3,634 3,289 4,273 4,010 5.1 4.6 5.9 5.5

New York

9,709,479 9,640,340 9,755,284 9,684,638 517,567 406,406 507,585 439,174 5.3 4.2 5.2 4.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

451,830 447,643 455,949 449,834 20,300 16,713 20,862 17,466 4.5 3.7 4.6 3.9

Binghamton

111,779 109,784 112,181 109,110 6,539 5,203 6,635 5,400 5.8 4.7 5.9 4.9

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

552,678 553,088 557,566 554,821 30,352 24,327 30,201 24,723 5.5 4.4 5.4 4.5

Elmira

38,273 37,396 38,757 37,733 2,306 1,945 2,299 1,928 6.0 5.2 5.9 5.1

Glens Falls

61,470 60,942 64,138 63,277 3,060 2,586 2,991 2,474 5.0 4.2 4.7 3.9

Ithaca

56,620 56,002 54,612 54,430 2,334 1,933 2,504 2,174 4.1 3.5 4.6 4.0

Kingston

89,238 89,748 90,259 90,494 4,348 3,522 4,380 3,662 4.9 3.9 4.9 4.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,091,848 10,052,248 10,126,286 10,104,914 543,913 440,543 530,261 471,276 5.4 4.4 5.2 4.7

Rochester

529,576 524,363 534,078 528,883 27,808 22,229 27,764 22,825 5.3 4.2 5.2 4.3

Syracuse

313,771 310,825 314,956 310,676 17,226 13,452 17,197 13,944 5.5 4.3 5.5 4.5

Utica-Rome

132,086 131,257 133,762 131,881 7,304 5,788 7,164 5,765 5.5 4.4 5.4 4.4

Watertown-Fort Drum

47,072 47,295 48,365 48,237 2,974 2,444 2,837 2,358 6.3 5.2 5.9 4.9

North Carolina

4,827,901 4,856,348 4,806,585 4,860,758 289,984 229,454 294,529 250,385 6.0 4.7 6.1 5.2

Asheville

222,312 223,944 220,873 223,023 10,736 8,381 10,977 9,246 4.8 3.7 5.0 4.1

Burlington

77,846 78,456 77,063 77,807 4,355 3,487 4,507 3,896 5.6 4.4 5.8 5.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,249,076 1,266,003 1,244,768 1,272,393 71,266 57,355 72,483 63,228 5.7 4.5 5.8 5.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

284,695 288,050 280,851 285,378 15,004 12,069 15,316 13,330 5.3 4.2 5.5 4.7

Fayetteville

148,106 147,695 147,557 148,739 11,518 8,800 11,615 9,587 7.8 6.0 7.9 6.4

Goldsboro

54,427 54,899 54,646 54,665 3,473 2,835 3,517 3,061 6.4 5.2 6.4 5.6

Greensboro-High Point

369,629 369,627 365,879 369,504 22,919 17,978 23,295 19,713 6.2 4.9 6.4 5.3

Greenville

88,854 87,703 87,740 87,396 5,900 4,760 6,001 5,199 6.6 5.4 6.8 5.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

169,372 167,743 168,273 167,642 10,227 7,764 10,304 8,399 6.0 4.6 6.1 5.0

Jacksonville

65,165 64,806 64,391 65,293 4,027 3,285 4,115 3,599 6.2 5.1 6.4 5.5

New Bern

51,718 52,122 52,101 52,311 3,297 2,526 3,329 2,758 6.4 4.8 6.4 5.3

Raleigh

660,100 674,091 659,546 677,073 33,295 27,366 33,872 29,913 5.0 4.1 5.1 4.4

Rocky Mount

67,432 65,958 66,660 65,320 5,854 4,557 5,883 4,873 8.7 6.9 8.8 7.5

Wilmington

142,034 141,267 140,499 141,944 7,862 6,264 7,994 6,899 5.5 4.4 5.7 4.9

Winston-Salem

322,414 321,100 319,890 322,167 18,514 14,537 18,932 15,961 5.7 4.5 5.9 5.0

North Dakota

416,074 419,812 422,951 428,366 10,432 12,023 12,786 14,575 2.5 2.9 3.0 3.4

Bismarck

67,511 70,303 68,739 71,653 1,542 1,741 1,842 2,069 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9

Fargo

131,085 136,239 131,333 137,470 2,951 3,037 3,386 3,663 2.3 2.2 2.6 2.7

Grand Forks

54,786 56,113 55,103 56,401 1,667 1,514 1,868 1,947 3.0 2.7 3.4 3.5

Ohio

5,736,717 5,816,168 5,750,073 5,834,735 277,383 267,671 287,871 287,163 4.8 4.6 5.0 4.9

Akron

361,285 367,957 360,990 366,808 17,078 16,788 17,704 17,980 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.9

Canton-Massillon

201,666 204,083 202,098 205,209 10,370 10,591 10,463 10,827 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3

Cincinnati

1,081,204 1,094,605 1,085,089 1,101,866 48,422 44,492 50,721 49,019 4.5 4.1 4.7 4.4

Cleveland-Elyria

1,032,645 1,037,523 1,038,228 1,044,887 54,239 52,849 56,465 56,954 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.5

Columbus

1,041,961 1,061,372 1,043,330 1,066,941 42,858 40,738 44,800 44,511 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.2

Dayton

382,221 386,681 384,067 390,608 18,204 16,907 18,847 18,476 4.8 4.4 4.9 4.7

Lima

48,228 49,850 48,542 50,660 2,300 2,207 2,381 2,408 4.8 4.4 4.9 4.8

Mansfield

53,696 53,470 53,988 53,738 2,904 2,679 2,912 2,851 5.4 5.0 5.4 5.3

Springfield

64,497 65,372 64,998 65,455 3,116 3,026 3,265 3,300 4.8 4.6 5.0 5.0

Toledo

304,858 311,381 301,009 311,801 15,045 13,570 15,434 14,556 4.9 4.4 5.1 4.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

53,207 53,302 53,815 54,015 3,963 4,033 4,070 4,068 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

253,973 253,872 252,959 254,078 14,902 15,247 15,197 15,640 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.2

Oklahoma

1,846,721 1,841,642 1,862,255 1,851,364 82,705 88,309 88,596 98,473 4.5 4.8 4.8 5.3

Lawton

53,305 52,851 54,050 53,663 2,350 2,455 2,514 2,740 4.4 4.6 4.7 5.1

Oklahoma City

666,643 669,770 675,201 676,438 26,241 27,836 28,571 31,481 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.7

Tulsa

476,240 475,488 482,711 479,579 21,070 23,254 22,450 25,824 4.4 4.9 4.7 5.4

Oregon

1,955,649 2,029,436 1,977,215 2,064,052 108,954 87,352 114,773 109,794 5.6 4.3 5.8 5.3

Albany

54,454 55,837 54,733 56,525 3,635 2,926 3,771 3,539 6.7 5.2 6.9 6.3

Bend-Redmond

83,449 88,363 84,851 90,195 4,752 3,724 4,925 4,521 5.7 4.2 5.8 5.0

Corvallis

45,416 46,680 45,950 47,446 1,834 1,575 2,144 2,281 4.0 3.4 4.7 4.8

Eugene

171,237 176,478 171,604 178,373 9,838 7,934 10,526 10,256 5.7 4.5 6.1 5.7

Grants Pass

33,177 34,079 33,482 34,648 2,473 1,966 2,599 2,377 7.5 5.8 7.8 6.9

Medford

97,018 99,902 97,415 101,639 6,642 5,320 6,918 6,430 6.8 5.3 7.1 6.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,214,772 1,261,953 1,216,136 1,272,810 64,200 53,411 66,177 65,409 5.3 4.2 5.4 5.1

Salem

186,734 194,454 189,522 197,882 11,042 8,794 11,616 11,194 5.9 4.5 6.1 5.7

Pennsylvania

6,462,242 6,536,446 6,485,914 6,575,976 354,304 357,222 357,063 364,878 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

433,798 433,591 434,873 437,127 24,098 22,931 23,836 23,309 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.3

Altoona

61,669 62,854 62,324 63,389 3,191 3,188 3,451 3,412 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,378 43,942 42,756 43,422 2,397 2,391 2,464 2,413 5.5 5.4 5.8 5.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,080 79,981 78,752 80,335 3,849 4,030 3,923 4,153 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2

East Stroudsburg

80,908 81,761 81,667 83,326 5,509 5,287 5,311 5,274 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.3

Erie

135,555 135,590 136,092 136,528 7,582 8,989 7,755 9,180 5.6 6.6 5.7 6.7

Gettysburg

55,491 56,371 55,420 56,228 2,397 2,186 2,558 2,363 4.3 3.9 4.6 4.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

295,065 299,713 297,298 303,553 13,330 13,789 13,941 14,266 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7

Johnstown

63,079 62,354 62,987 62,542 4,190 4,188 4,496 4,564 6.6 6.7 7.1 7.3

Lancaster

277,401 279,576 279,537 281,522 11,827 11,498 12,478 12,510 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.4

Lebanon

70,737 71,410 71,182 71,934 3,319 3,197 3,456 3,331 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,066,201 3,120,246 3,077,266 3,137,451 172,000 159,314 171,377 163,533 5.6 5.1 5.6 5.2

Pittsburgh

1,221,209 1,226,699 1,226,883 1,239,642 65,481 70,159 67,160 72,196 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.8

Reading

214,435 216,961 215,038 217,974 11,110 11,036 11,190 11,150 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

280,870 281,768 280,308 283,549 18,049 17,394 17,844 17,808 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.3

State College

75,413 80,719 75,807 77,138 3,242 3,387 3,404 3,594 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.7

Williamsport

61,795 60,273 61,500 60,507 3,834 4,216 3,725 4,036 6.2 7.0 6.1 6.7

York-Hanover

233,989 238,474 235,330 239,954 11,625 11,079 12,070 11,671 5.0 4.6 5.1 4.9

Rhode Island

552,912 548,300 559,099 557,539 33,082 28,900 32,117 28,533 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.1

Providence-Warwick

678,924 674,031 685,768 684,597 40,030 34,137 39,624 34,649 5.9 5.1 5.8 5.1

South Carolina

2,274,821 2,302,872 2,289,415 2,336,009 137,424 111,460 144,488 131,046 6.0 4.8 6.3 5.6

Charleston-North Charleston

365,348 369,858 366,136 375,912 19,258 15,572 20,079 18,310 5.3 4.2 5.5 4.9

Columbia

397,014 403,583 398,327 407,830 22,036 18,391 23,399 21,811 5.6 4.6 5.9 5.3

Florence

96,549 96,477 96,379 97,146 6,613 5,310 7,037 6,154 6.8 5.5 7.3 6.3

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

417,769 422,947 419,597 426,956 22,786 18,354 24,110 22,066 5.5 4.3 5.7 5.2

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

84,202 86,228 85,345 88,873 4,665 3,729 4,840 4,570 5.5 4.3 5.7 5.1

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

190,901 192,230 195,343 198,713 12,910 10,165 13,119 11,201 6.8 5.3 6.7 5.6

Spartanburg

151,312 153,081 152,142 154,744 9,166 7,272 9,905 8,870 6.1 4.8 6.5 5.7

Sumter

44,676 44,928 44,778 45,227 3,103 2,589 3,279 3,036 6.9 5.8 7.3 6.7

South Dakota

453,787 455,085 460,694 464,092 14,280 11,640 14,202 12,884 3.1 2.6 3.1 2.8

Rapid City

71,730 71,243 73,851 73,936 2,433 1,988 2,298 2,092 3.4 2.8 3.1 2.8

Sioux Falls

142,687 146,180 143,645 148,136 3,831 3,127 3,674 3,338 2.7 2.1 2.6 2.3

Tennessee

3,079,575 3,132,572 3,099,802 3,175,268 179,684 118,817 193,193 159,263 5.8 3.8 6.2 5.0

Chattanooga

254,058 257,943 257,316 262,680 14,548 10,229 15,575 13,461 5.7 4.0 6.1 5.1

Clarksville

109,627 111,903 109,431 112,339 6,742 5,036 7,118 6,392 6.1 4.5 6.5 5.7

Cleveland

56,137 57,994 56,474 58,776 3,185 2,154 3,589 2,972 5.7 3.7 6.4 5.1

Jackson

61,989 62,457 62,770 63,559 3,863 2,500 4,125 3,424 6.2 4.0 6.6 5.4

Johnson City

88,723 89,921 88,086 89,815 5,551 3,774 5,946 5,036 6.3 4.2 6.8 5.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

138,197 138,379 138,046 139,052 7,977 5,783 8,527 7,504 5.8 4.2 6.2 5.4

Knoxville

406,826 416,775 409,550 422,281 22,211 14,686 24,262 20,025 5.5 3.5 5.9 4.7

Memphis

614,585 620,522 621,896 630,469 40,702 28,220 43,113 36,144 6.6 4.5 6.9 5.7

Morristown

50,243 51,200 49,969 51,653 3,246 2,098 3,440 2,813 6.5 4.1 6.9 5.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

938,946 964,149 948,387 981,891 44,512 29,252 47,969 39,274 4.7 3.0 5.1 4.0

Texas

13,104,878 13,281,123 13,127,106 13,338,824 565,656 558,838 623,024 644,663 4.3 4.2 4.7 4.8

Abilene

75,799 75,478 75,482 75,651 2,947 2,748 3,194 3,150 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.2

Amarillo

130,700 132,333 130,409 131,910 4,010 3,692 4,450 4,327 3.1 2.8 3.4 3.3

Austin-Round Rock

1,069,356 1,098,926 1,073,067 1,109,571 35,011 31,728 38,408 37,166 3.3 2.9 3.6 3.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

177,400 176,364 177,165 177,323 11,288 10,684 12,090 12,180 6.4 6.1 6.8 6.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

165,390 168,131 166,031 170,042 11,378 11,025 12,445 12,847 6.9 6.6 7.5 7.6

College Station-Bryan

122,703 126,477 118,920 123,095 4,248 4,131 4,967 5,008 3.5 3.3 4.2 4.1

Corpus Christi

207,971 211,727 208,142 212,763 10,417 11,235 11,257 12,730 5.0 5.3 5.4 6.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,578,828 3,676,364 3,594,227 3,694,005 141,375 128,144 154,756 147,772 4.0 3.5 4.3 4.0

El Paso

345,872 351,473 345,230 349,756 17,658 15,906 19,204 18,279 5.1 4.5 5.6 5.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,254,887 3,264,176 3,257,658 3,285,288 142,382 157,280 157,493 179,949 4.4 4.8 4.8 5.5

Killeen-Temple

169,709 172,753 169,278 172,921 7,707 7,080 8,372 8,270 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.8

Laredo

112,457 114,238 112,849 115,114 5,246 5,202 5,965 6,110 4.7 4.6 5.3 5.3

Longview

100,858 100,983 100,546 102,020 4,972 5,522 5,505 6,672 4.9 5.5 5.5 6.5

Lubbock

154,305 157,587 153,762 157,391 5,170 4,834 6,188 6,174 3.4 3.1 4.0 3.9

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

335,617 339,379 334,752 339,784 25,495 23,711 28,077 27,861 7.6 7.0 8.4 8.2

Midland

91,531 90,193 91,312 90,400 3,173 3,839 3,494 4,156 3.5 4.3 3.8 4.6

Odessa

79,896 78,496 79,701 78,977 3,621 4,800 3,987 5,305 4.5 6.1 5.0 6.7

San Angelo

55,877 56,557 55,702 56,678 2,337 2,365 2,517 2,609 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,102,652 1,124,558 1,105,042 1,126,791 41,132 38,257 45,424 44,776 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.0

Sherman-Denison

60,762 61,517 61,003 61,710 2,332 2,131 2,570 2,428 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.9

Texarkana

64,811 65,117 65,300 65,692 3,207 2,596 3,391 2,969 4.9 4.0 5.2 4.5

Tyler

102,746 104,189 103,404 105,097 4,523 4,289 4,858 5,002 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.8

Victoria

49,768 50,362 49,638 50,824 2,015 2,425 2,260 2,767 4.0 4.8 4.6 5.4

Waco

118,706 120,720 119,337 121,834 4,788 4,445 5,429 5,354 4.0 3.7 4.5 4.4

Wichita Falls

65,136 64,877 65,356 65,169 2,749 2,640 3,036 3,005 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.6

Utah

1,462,672 1,493,923 1,474,129 1,508,053 52,008 57,036 57,623 63,109 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.2

Logan

67,627 68,955 67,560 69,668 1,935 2,290 2,255 2,583 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.7

Ogden-Clearfield

308,323 316,302 310,823 318,199 10,962 11,686 12,232 13,149 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.1

Provo-Orem

268,731 277,463 271,847 281,294 8,788 9,734 10,004 10,967 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9

St. George

64,116 67,316 64,107 67,342 2,449 2,650 2,791 2,995 3.8 3.9 4.4 4.4

Salt Lake City

614,010 625,889 618,701 630,149 20,833 22,226 22,919 24,808 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.9

Vermont

342,838 343,401 349,178 350,985 11,645 9,568 13,005 11,933 3.4 2.8 3.7 3.4

Burlington-South Burlington

123,905 124,543 125,863 127,499 3,295 2,610 3,862 3,698 2.7 2.1 3.1 2.9

Virginia

4,282,734 4,216,397 4,268,927 4,250,100 199,168 152,222 198,131 168,488 4.7 3.6 4.6 4.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

93,145 89,610 89,631 88,037 4,595 3,612 4,693 4,172 4.9 4.0 5.2 4.7

Charlottesville

117,680 117,335 116,152 116,843 4,940 3,621 5,011 4,182 4.2 3.1 4.3 3.6

Harrisonburg

65,128 62,082 64,891 62,342 3,280 2,369 3,362 2,756 5.0 3.8 5.2 4.4

Lynchburg

124,293 120,781 123,856 121,240 6,459 4,874 6,641 5,662 5.2 4.0 5.4 4.7

Richmond

664,041 666,945 662,348 671,165 32,342 24,402 32,002 27,117 4.9 3.7 4.8 4.0

Roanoke

160,474 157,133 159,233 157,248 7,408 5,546 7,460 6,120 4.6 3.5 4.7 3.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,672 57,302 59,532 57,436 2,651 1,955 2,635 2,124 4.4 3.4 4.4 3.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

847,125 829,024 847,662 837,511 43,157 34,443 42,858 37,955 5.1 4.2 5.1 4.5

Winchester

69,400 69,622 69,866 70,192 3,126 2,259 3,086 2,521 4.5 3.2 4.4 3.6

Washington

3,545,995 3,606,402 3,556,723 3,630,577 197,117 197,395 192,513 201,595 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.6

Bellingham

103,237 104,894 103,049 105,172 6,216 6,058 5,879 6,575 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

114,832 117,163 113,585 117,165 6,667 6,652 6,095 7,051 5.8 5.7 5.4 6.0

Kennewick-Richland

131,521 133,921 137,649 141,270 9,005 8,499 8,015 8,839 6.8 6.3 5.8 6.3

Longview

44,311 45,043 43,489 44,692 3,511 3,222 3,235 3,382 7.9 7.2 7.4 7.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

56,771 57,759 56,473 58,460 3,860 3,698 3,581 3,924 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7

Olympia-Tumwater

125,408 128,953 123,511 127,919 7,693 7,321 7,099 7,740 6.1 5.7 5.7 6.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,973,203 2,010,061 1,973,526 2,008,957 91,294 97,046 96,793 96,745 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

250,185 254,207 246,161 253,510 16,648 15,533 15,434 16,554 6.7 6.1 6.3 6.5

Walla Walla

30,349 30,337 30,108 30,543 1,786 1,575 1,648 1,692 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.5

Wenatchee

60,545 62,444 67,901 68,559 3,706 4,035 2,978 3,640 6.1 6.5 4.4 5.3

Yakima

119,270 121,531 127,892 131,583 9,744 9,300 8,157 8,974 8.2 7.7 6.4 6.8

West Virginia

790,471 783,383 800,151 799,055 54,793 45,371 57,510 48,494 6.9 5.8 7.2 6.1

Beckley

47,348 46,535 48,330 47,710 3,692 3,228 3,885 3,403 7.8 6.9 8.0 7.1

Charleston

99,918 97,342 101,237 100,346 6,706 5,422 6,787 5,745 6.7 5.6 6.7 5.7

Huntington-Ashland

149,242 149,164 148,806 149,787 9,461 8,688 9,910 9,385 6.3 5.8 6.7 6.3

Morgantown

66,672 66,981 64,632 65,703 3,531 2,935 3,900 3,333 5.3 4.4 6.0 5.1

Parkersburg-Vienna

40,174 39,689 40,561 40,020 2,609 2,170 2,747 2,380 6.5 5.5 6.8 5.9

Wheeling

67,153 66,959 67,248 67,264 4,425 4,539 4,749 4,507 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7

Wisconsin

3,088,630 3,109,207 3,132,217 3,167,612 142,000 119,065 151,310 140,323 4.6 3.8 4.8 4.4

Appleton

128,738 130,068 130,883 132,888 5,156 4,355 5,347 5,250 4.0 3.3 4.1 4.0

Eau Claire

92,105 91,963 91,526 91,698 3,723 3,134 4,013 3,802 4.0 3.4 4.4 4.1

Fond du Lac

56,967 57,609 57,999 58,807 2,378 1,922 2,564 2,363 4.2 3.3 4.4 4.0

Green Bay

169,893 170,392 173,286 173,987 7,301 6,140 7,684 7,123 4.3 3.6 4.4 4.1

Janesville-Beloit

82,877 86,187 83,872 87,613 4,364 3,544 4,680 4,172 5.3 4.1 5.6 4.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,411 78,140 76,430 77,778 2,994 2,681 3,196 3,210 3.9 3.4 4.2 4.1

Madison

373,425 380,392 377,031 383,232 13,210 11,140 13,785 12,975 3.5 2.9 3.7 3.4

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

820,879 822,484 827,260 837,583 41,454 34,668 44,730 41,161 5.0 4.2 5.4 4.9

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,115 91,754 91,596 92,509 4,054 3,298 4,302 3,896 4.4 3.6 4.7 4.2

Racine

99,166 98,672 100,538 100,727 5,531 4,638 5,947 5,528 5.6 4.7 5.9 5.5

Sheboygan

61,131 61,716 62,698 63,204 2,438 2,065 2,563 2,421 4.0 3.3 4.1 3.8

Wausau

73,312 73,892 75,205 75,745 3,029 2,546 3,172 2,961 4.1 3.4 4.2 3.9

Wyoming

305,957 298,806 311,850 304,843 12,417 16,277 13,154 17,023 4.1 5.4 4.2 5.6

Casper

42,753 40,481 42,775 40,776 2,048 3,022 2,184 3,181 4.8 7.5 5.1 7.8

Cheyenne

48,666 47,402 48,629 47,539 1,738 1,890 1,923 2,135 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.5

Puerto Rico

1,117,784 1,138,642 1,119,298 1,125,797 138,011 128,233 140,688 121,107 12.3 11.3 12.6 10.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,436 90,352 87,392 89,913 13,913 13,060 14,198 12,561 15.9 14.5 16.2 14.0

Arecibo

51,896 53,167 51,125 52,143 7,832 7,192 7,770 6,523 15.1 13.5 15.2 12.5

Guayama

22,297 22,659 22,305 22,202 4,389 3,944 4,350 3,690 19.7 17.4 19.5 16.6

Mayaguez

28,929 29,579 29,247 29,298 3,867 3,739 3,940 3,465 13.4 12.6 13.5 11.8

Ponce

98,531 99,486 98,265 97,341 16,188 15,148 16,220 13,689 16.4 15.2 16.5 14.1

San German

36,064 36,629 36,248 36,507 5,227 5,216 5,385 5,183 14.5 14.2 14.9 14.2

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

747,680 760,306 750,160 751,901 77,803 72,490 80,049 68,989 10.4 9.5 10.7 9.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) May June May June
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

19,036,611 18,984,655 18,999,793 19,181,189 1,164,888 898,746 1,179,350 1,087,685 6.1 4.7 6.2 5.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,622,481 6,592,869 6,591,688 6,653,446 412,989 271,903 415,741 331,429 6.2 4.1 6.3 5.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,594,399 1,599,537 1,595,318 1,611,627 69,098 57,031 71,510 71,165 4.3 3.6 4.5 4.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,028,082 4,993,332 4,996,370 5,041,819 343,891 214,872 344,231 260,264 6.8 4.3 6.9 5.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,504,339 2,505,230 2,504,935 2,525,364 103,829 84,601 107,089 105,379 4.1 3.4 4.3 4.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,376,344 1,372,346 1,377,015 1,383,901 65,054 53,019 66,978 66,001 4.7 3.9 4.9 4.8

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

986,604 991,124 986,593 998,429 33,980 27,643 35,138 34,327 3.4 2.8 3.6 3.4

San Rafael

141,391 141,760 141,327 143,034 4,795 3,939 4,973 5,051 3.4 2.8 3.5 3.5

District of Columbia

384,242 392,578 390,496 399,446 25,361 20,369 27,536 24,461 6.6 5.2 7.1 6.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,296,795 3,281,673 3,307,168 3,323,015 149,907 116,363 154,469 130,752 4.5 3.5 4.7 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

677,664 671,463 684,485 682,801 28,640 22,357 30,111 25,503 4.2 3.3 4.4 3.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,619,131 2,610,210 2,622,683 2,640,214 121,267 94,006 124,358 105,249 4.6 3.6 4.7 4.0

Florida

9,756,834 9,749,076 9,691,201 9,766,839 538,880 426,600 541,500 478,016 5.5 4.4 5.6 4.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,040,504 3,015,358 3,012,143 3,010,571 172,099 140,510 172,533 150,543 5.7 4.7 5.7 5.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

998,658 1,007,282 995,760 1,015,219 51,857 41,064 51,791 46,090 5.2 4.1 5.2 4.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,343,860 1,312,243 1,324,438 1,301,093 84,825 70,161 84,654 70,413 6.3 5.3 6.4 5.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

697,986 695,833 691,945 694,259 35,417 29,285 36,088 34,040 5.1 4.2 5.2 4.9

Illinois

6,520,791 6,594,464 6,589,926 6,664,394 373,226 368,542 394,985 398,121 5.7 5.6 6.0 6.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,896,443 4,970,947 4,957,812 5,053,549 284,763 269,270 297,253 303,665 5.8 5.4 6.0 6.0

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,779,951 3,837,645 3,828,766 3,909,355 223,585 209,184 235,028 242,273 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.2

Elgin

321,746 324,472 325,654 325,292 16,715 17,312 17,803 17,005 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2

Gary(3)

340,368 346,662 340,099 351,800 22,234 20,092 20,950 21,302 6.5 5.8 6.2 6.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

454,378 462,168 463,293 467,102 22,229 22,682 23,472 23,085 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.9

Massachusetts

3,560,302 3,573,518 3,616,217 3,634,834 174,161 135,670 188,750 155,649 4.9 3.8 5.2 4.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,616,257 2,633,464 2,652,445 2,677,422 116,887 91,464 127,332 105,188 4.5 3.5 4.8 3.9

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,547,614 1,557,621 1,568,496 1,583,864 66,267 51,663 72,847 60,347 4.3 3.3 4.6 3.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,446 105,468 105,830 106,365 5,733 4,567 6,329 5,277 5.5 4.3 6.0 5.0

Framingham

154,292 154,772 156,766 157,623 6,128 4,781 6,704 5,547 4.0 3.1 4.3 3.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,477 114,178 114,569 116,802 4,873 3,823 5,185 4,249 4.3 3.3 4.5 3.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,707 94,846 96,140 96,125 6,151 4,740 6,475 5,190 6.5 5.0 6.7 5.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

182,026 183,285 184,601 185,624 9,075 7,168 9,772 8,115 5.0 3.9 5.3 4.4

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,688 82,653 84,184 84,242 4,086 3,218 4,471 3,668 4.9 3.9 5.3 4.4

Nashua(2)

166,863 168,389 168,637 172,082 6,161 4,911 6,470 5,262 3.7 2.9 3.8 3.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,534 89,894 90,526 91,268 4,100 3,238 4,450 3,726 4.6 3.6 4.9 4.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,610 82,358 82,696 83,427 4,313 3,355 4,629 3,807 5.3 4.1 5.6 4.6

Michigan

4,803,409 4,858,280 4,807,952 4,863,417 284,564 217,973 278,749 240,558 5.9 4.5 5.8 4.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,009,816 2,055,212 2,014,473 2,065,354 133,795 99,746 133,644 119,419 6.7 4.9 6.6 5.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

753,353 767,644 754,553 771,431 58,452 43,787 58,773 52,659 7.8 5.7 7.8 6.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,256,463 1,287,568 1,259,921 1,293,923 75,343 55,959 74,871 66,760 6.0 4.3 5.9 5.2

New York

9,709,479 9,640,340 9,755,284 9,684,638 517,567 406,406 507,585 439,174 5.3 4.2 5.2 4.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,091,848 10,052,248 10,126,286 10,104,914 543,913 440,543 530,261 471,276 5.4 4.4 5.2 4.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

194,856 196,861 196,986 198,175 8,955 7,347 9,123 7,737 4.6 3.7 4.6 3.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,479,397 1,484,994 1,501,199 1,501,500 67,493 54,874 68,046 56,743 4.6 3.7 4.5 3.8

Newark(3)

1,264,949 1,267,548 1,268,429 1,272,108 71,214 62,229 69,947 62,559 5.6 4.9 5.5 4.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,152,646 7,102,845 7,159,672 7,133,131 396,251 316,093 383,145 344,237 5.5 4.5 5.4 4.8

Pennsylvania

6,462,242 6,536,446 6,485,914 6,575,976 354,304 357,222 357,063 364,878 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,066,201 3,120,246 3,077,266 3,137,451 172,000 159,314 171,377 163,533 5.6 5.1 5.6 5.2

Camden(3)

638,800 642,536 640,517 647,138 38,146 32,018 37,282 32,785 6.0 5.0 5.8 5.1

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,060,919 1,081,997 1,069,501 1,095,565 46,971 46,113 46,860 47,240 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

Philadelphia

992,208 1,010,391 990,832 1,008,589 68,444 65,168 66,537 64,325 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.4

Wilmington(3)

374,274 385,322 376,416 386,159 18,439 16,015 20,698 19,183 4.9 4.2 5.5 5.0

Texas

13,104,878 13,281,123 13,127,106 13,338,824 565,656 558,838 623,024 644,663 4.3 4.2 4.7 4.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,578,828 3,676,364 3,594,227 3,694,005 141,375 128,144 154,756 147,772 4.0 3.5 4.3 4.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,391,745 2,474,836 2,404,610 2,486,875 93,173 84,138 101,801 96,931 3.9 3.4 4.2 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,187,083 1,201,528 1,189,617 1,207,130 48,202 44,006 52,955 50,841 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.2

Washington

3,545,995 3,606,402 3,556,723 3,630,577 197,117 197,395 192,513 201,595 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,973,203 2,010,061 1,973,526 2,008,957 91,294 97,046 96,793 96,745 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,582,295 1,608,845 1,588,503 1,608,396 65,129 72,669 72,916 70,880 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

390,908 401,216 385,023 400,561 26,165 24,377 23,877 25,865 6.7 6.1 6.2 6.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area May June Change from
June 2015 to June 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,956.3 1,972.0 1,957.5 1,972.4 14.9 0.8

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.7 46.2 46.3 46.5 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

60.9 62.4 60.9 62.8 1.9 3.1

Birmingham-Hoover

517.5 521.8 518.5 524.9 6.4 1.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

71.7 73.8 73.5 75.8 2.3 3.1

Decatur

54.1 54.2 54.5 54.2 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

57.5 57.7 57.8 57.7 -0.1 -0.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.6 57.4 56.1 57.2 1.1 2.0

Gadsden

37.6 38.7 37.7 38.4 0.7 1.9

Huntsville

220.5 222.7 220.3 222.8 2.5 1.1

Mobile

177.6 179.6 177.2 178.2 1.0 0.6

Montgomery

171.2 171.7 170.7 172.5 1.8 1.1

Tuscaloosa

104.8 106.5 104.3 106.0 1.7 1.6


Alaska

345.4 342.9 358.2 359.4 1.2 0.3

Anchorage

183.8 184.0 186.7 187.7 1.0 0.5

Fairbanks

40.0 39.3 39.3 39.2 -0.1 -0.3


Arizona

2,627.7 2,696.3 2,575.2 2,656.6 81.4 3.2

Flagstaff

65.8 66.1 66.0 67.0 1.0 1.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.9 48.5 47.0 47.2 0.2 0.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,902.1 1,960.3 1,868.9 1,936.2 67.3 3.6

Prescott

61.4 63.3 60.6 63.5 2.9 4.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.6 34.3 33.9 34.3 0.4 1.2

Tucson

368.0 380.3 356.1 368.5 12.4 3.5

Yuma

52.7 53.3 50.7 51.6 0.9 1.8


Arkansas

1,213.5 1,235.7 1,207.3 1,230.5 23.2 1.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

235.3 244.8 234.7 243.8 9.1 3.9

Fort Smith

114.6 114.6 113.4 114.0 0.6 0.5

Hot Springs

38.0 38.7 37.8 39.2 1.4 3.7

Jonesboro

54.2 55.8 54.0 55.8 1.8 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

351.3 358.1 349.5 357.3 7.8 2.2

Pine Bluff

34.1 33.8 33.8 33.6 -0.2 -0.6


California

16,017.8 16,474.0 16,039.0 16,556.8 517.8 3.2

Bakersfield

259.2 263.1 256.7 262.7 6.0 2.3

Chico

78.7 79.9 77.5 80.0 2.5 3.2

El Centro

51.8 53.8 51.9 54.2 2.3 4.4

Fresno

324.3 336.1 326.0 338.7 12.7 3.9

Hanford-Corcoran

38.5 38.8 38.5 38.9 0.4 1.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,802.3 5,956.7 5,799.2 5,971.1 171.9 3.0

Madera

35.6 38.1 35.7 38.7 3.0 8.4

Merced

63.0 65.4 63.7 65.7 2.0 3.1

Modesto

165.1 171.5 165.7 172.4 6.7 4.0

Napa

70.7 73.0 71.2 73.7 2.5 3.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

295.7 298.2 294.6 299.4 4.8 1.6

Redding

63.9 65.0 64.5 65.7 1.2 1.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,340.9 1,384.3 1,338.3 1,382.9 44.6 3.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

914.7 936.3 920.4 946.9 26.5 2.9

Salinas

133.1 137.0 133.2 137.8 4.6 3.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,384.9 1,418.8 1,389.2 1,426.8 37.6 2.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,251.0 2,314.0 2,257.2 2,324.8 67.6 3.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,038.8 1,078.0 1,044.6 1,085.8 41.2 3.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.6 118.9 116.7 120.1 3.4 2.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

99.5 101.8 100.7 103.3 2.6 2.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

181.2 186.0 180.5 186.6 6.1 3.4

Santa Rosa

197.6 201.8 197.1 203.6 6.5 3.3

Stockton-Lodi

216.2 225.9 217.3 227.1 9.8 4.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

131.7 135.6 132.5 136.2 3.7 2.8

Visalia-Porterville

118.5 122.0 118.0 122.0 4.0 3.4

Yuba City

41.0 42.2 41.0 42.6 1.6 3.9


Colorado

2,530.3 2,593.4 2,554.9 2,624.0 69.1 2.7

Boulder

180.4 186.2 179.0 185.5 6.5 3.6

Colorado Springs

272.2 279.1 273.7 280.9 7.2 2.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,395.0 1,440.4 1,407.3 1,452.3 45.0 3.2

Fort Collins

156.3 160.8 157.5 161.4 3.9 2.5

Grand Junction

61.9 62.2 61.1 61.9 0.8 1.3

Greeley

101.0 102.7 99.8 102.0 2.2 2.2

Pueblo

61.5 62.6 60.9 62.3 1.4 2.3


Connecticut

1,687.7 1,695.3 1,698.7 1,711.5 12.8 0.8

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

411.4 414.1 416.9 422.1 5.2 1.2

Danbury

79.4 79.3 79.6 79.8 0.2 0.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

570.8 576.2 574.1 578.9 4.8 0.8

New Haven

282.1 281.8 284.0 288.5 4.5 1.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

128.8 130.3 131.2 131.0 -0.2 -0.2

Waterbury

67.0 67.9 67.2 68.7 1.5 2.2


Delaware

451.0 462.1 453.5 468.7 15.2 3.4

Dover

68.6 69.3 68.3 69.5 1.2 1.8

Salisbury(1)

158.1 161.7 165.3 172.9 7.6 4.6


District of Columbia

770.0 777.5 764.3 775.8 11.5 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,185.4 3,245.8 3,195.0 3,276.1 81.1 2.5


Florida

8,093.5 8,356.6 7,998.8 8,255.1 256.3 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

244.6 254.9 240.0 250.1 10.1 4.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

109.2 110.3 109.9 111.1 1.2 1.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

189.0 196.2 185.7 194.0 8.3 4.5

Gainesville

133.7 136.1 129.5 133.4 3.9 3.0

Homosassa Springs

32.9 33.0 32.5 32.6 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

647.7 669.5 643.0 666.1 23.1 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

208.1 212.5 205.3 209.1 3.8 1.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,505.0 2,569.4 2,474.9 2,540.5 65.6 2.7

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

135.5 138.6 131.5 135.4 3.9 3.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

284.4 290.8 280.9 287.4 6.5 2.3

Ocala

97.4 99.4 96.1 98.8 2.7 2.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,155.8 1,205.9 1,147.8 1,199.4 51.6 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

202.2 203.8 200.3 203.6 3.3 1.6

Panama City

83.2 83.9 83.6 84.6 1.0 1.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

168.5 169.8 165.9 168.2 2.3 1.4

Port St. Lucie

137.6 141.1 134.8 137.6 2.8 2.1

Punta Gorda

46.0 46.9 44.9 46.3 1.4 3.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

48.6 49.8 47.8 49.4 1.6 3.3

Sebring

24.8 25.7 23.4 24.5 1.1 4.7

Tallahassee

170.9 175.0 168.5 171.8 3.3 2.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,248.8 1,292.9 1,238.9 1,282.3 43.4 3.5

The Villages

26.2 26.9 25.8 26.8 1.0 3.9


Georgia

4,267.2 4,397.6 4,268.5 4,390.1 121.6 2.8

Albany

60.6 62.5 60.5 61.9 1.4 2.3

Athens-Clarke County

90.2 94.4 90.5 94.1 3.6 4.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,585.2 2,664.1 2,589.5 2,658.9 69.4 2.7

Augusta-Richmond County

227.9 230.6 227.4 230.7 3.3 1.5

Brunswick

42.2 43.5 42.4 43.8 1.4 3.3

Columbus

122.0 123.2 122.0 122.5 0.5 0.4

Dalton

67.8 69.0 68.1 68.6 0.5 0.7

Gainesville

83.9 86.8 84.0 87.2 3.2 3.8

Hinesville

19.9 19.8 19.5 19.5 0.0 0.0

Macon

101.9 104.3 102.2 104.3 2.1 2.1

Rome

40.2 40.7 40.2 40.8 0.6 1.5

Savannah

172.1 178.6 172.4 179.5 7.1 4.1

Valdosta

55.5 56.4 54.6 55.8 1.2 2.2

Warner Robins

71.0 71.7 71.1 71.6 0.5 0.7


Hawaii

637.0 648.8 635.4 650.8 15.4 2.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

73.1 75.2 73.1 75.1 2.0 2.7

Urban Honolulu

468.9 475.1 467.1 477.3 10.2 2.2


Idaho

675.9 695.5 680.7 702.4 21.7 3.2

Boise City

293.3 302.2 292.3 304.4 12.1 4.1

Coeur d'Alene

60.2 62.2 61.3 63.6 2.3 3.8

Idaho Falls

62.2 64.4 63.1 65.3 2.2 3.5

Lewiston

28.0 28.7 27.8 28.9 1.1 4.0

Pocatello

35.9 36.8 35.1 36.0 0.9 2.6


Illinois

6,001.9 6,036.4 6,016.6 6,056.3 39.7 0.7

Bloomington

97.0 94.2 93.8 92.3 -1.5 -1.6

Carbondale-Marion

57.3 56.3 55.6 55.3 -0.3 -0.5

Champaign-Urbana

110.5 110.5 105.5 106.7 1.2 1.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,611.2 4,675.7 4,641.0 4,702.7 61.7 1.3

Danville

29.7 29.4 29.4 29.5 0.1 0.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

185.5 181.3 186.9 181.4 -5.5 -2.9

Decatur

51.7 51.2 51.7 51.4 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

45.1 44.8 45.0 44.9 -0.1 -0.2

Peoria

180.4 178.0 180.8 178.4 -2.4 -1.3

Rockford

153.4 155.5 154.2 157.3 3.1 2.0

Springfield

113.7 114.6 113.2 115.2 2.0 1.8


Indiana

3,057.5 3,090.3 3,034.4 3,078.3 43.9 1.4

Bloomington

73.8 73.1 72.1 71.7 -0.4 -0.6

Columbus

51.6 53.1 51.0 53.0 2.0 3.9

Elkhart-Goshen

128.8 127.2 129.4 125.4 -4.0 -3.1

Evansville

159.0 156.5 158.2 155.7 -2.5 -1.6

Fort Wayne

219.3 223.8 218.6 222.2 3.6 1.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,023.2 1,037.9 1,019.8 1,036.5 16.7 1.6

Kokomo

40.5 41.0 40.1 41.0 0.9 2.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

100.9 103.1 97.7 100.0 2.3 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

42.5 41.6 42.7 41.9 -0.8 -1.9

Muncie

50.8 51.1 50.4 50.8 0.4 0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

140.1 142.3 138.0 141.2 3.2 2.3

Terre Haute

71.1 71.0 69.3 70.0 0.7 1.0


Iowa

1,578.9 1,595.7 1,576.5 1,599.6 23.1 1.5

Ames

53.2 53.6 49.0 49.9 0.9 1.8

Cedar Rapids

143.8 145.3 145.0 146.5 1.5 1.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

352.8 358.9 354.7 362.8 8.1 2.3

Dubuque

60.9 61.0 59.8 61.7 1.9 3.2

Iowa City

98.8 100.0 97.9 99.6 1.7 1.7

Sioux City

88.5 89.1 88.7 90.6 1.9 2.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.3 91.4 90.6 89.8 -0.8 -0.9


Kansas

1,411.4 1,407.0 1,406.3 1,410.7 4.4 0.3

Lawrence

53.0 53.0 49.9 50.2 0.3 0.6

Manhattan

43.7 45.5 41.8 41.9 0.1 0.2

Topeka

112.2 111.5 112.8 112.1 -0.7 -0.6

Wichita

297.8 300.9 296.7 301.5 4.8 1.6


Kentucky

1,892.7 1,916.2 1,892.9 1,921.4 28.5 1.5

Bowling Green

73.1 74.1 72.4 74.0 1.6 2.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

55.7 57.8 56.3 59.0 2.7 4.8

Lexington-Fayette

270.9 275.5 270.7 273.6 2.9 1.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

645.6 659.4 647.5 664.8 17.3 2.7

Owensboro

53.2 54.4 52.6 54.5 1.9 3.6


Louisiana

1,999.4 1,980.2 1,991.4 1,978.7 -12.7 -0.6

Alexandria

64.2 64.4 64.2 64.4 0.2 0.3

Baton Rouge

405.4 412.1 403.3 414.6 11.3 2.8

Hammond

44.0 44.0 43.6 43.6 0.0 0.0

Houma-Thibodaux

98.0 93.5 97.3 92.9 -4.4 -4.5

Lafayette

216.1 207.8 214.5 207.6 -6.9 -3.2

Lake Charles

101.7 104.9 102.2 105.4 3.2 3.1

Monroe

79.3 79.8 78.8 79.4 0.6 0.8

New Orleans-Metairie

578.2 577.0 574.8 576.9 2.1 0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.6 182.6 184.0 182.8 -1.2 -0.7


Maine

613.5 612.5 625.8 629.1 3.3 0.5

Bangor

66.1 65.9 66.3 66.6 0.3 0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

50.6 51.3 50.7 51.6 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland

199.0 200.1 203.4 206.6 3.2 1.6


Maryland

2,681.6 2,726.2 2,686.9 2,749.0 62.1 2.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,375.8 1,400.7 1,373.9 1,411.1 37.2 2.7

California-Lexington Park

45.0 45.1 45.0 45.5 0.5 1.1

Cumberland

40.0 39.6 39.4 39.3 -0.1 -0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.3 106.2 105.9 107.2 1.3 1.2


Massachusetts

3,519.6 3,568.7 3,548.3 3,614.4 66.1 1.9

Barnstable Town

105.3 107.0 113.1 115.3 2.2 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,665.8 2,699.1 2,682.2 2,733.9 51.7 1.9

Leominster-Gardner

51.5 51.8 51.4 52.1 0.7 1.4

New Bedford

67.6 67.9 67.9 68.7 0.8 1.2

Pittsfield

42.0 42.8 43.3 44.5 1.2 2.8

Springfield

332.3 333.3 330.9 330.8 -0.1 0.0

Worcester

281.6 285.0 281.8 285.3 3.5 1.2


Michigan

4,279.0 4,354.0 4,292.4 4,390.9 98.5 2.3

Ann Arbor

214.2 219.5 210.0 219.3 9.3 4.4

Battle Creek

59.5 60.0 59.7 60.3 0.6 1.0

Bay City

36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,952.4 1,985.8 1,962.0 2,004.1 42.1 2.1

Flint

140.9 141.0 140.9 141.7 0.8 0.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

529.8 543.6 531.0 547.1 16.1 3.0

Jackson

57.1 55.5 57.3 55.6 -1.7 -3.0

Kalamazoo-Portage

142.7 146.1 143.1 146.7 3.6 2.5

Lansing-East Lansing

228.5 228.9 222.0 226.6 4.6 2.1

Midland

38.8 38.4 38.8 38.8 0.0 0.0

Monroe

42.6 44.0 43.0 44.1 1.1 2.6

Muskegon

64.8 66.1 65.6 66.7 1.1 1.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.4 63.2 63.2 64.2 1.0 1.6

Saginaw

87.1 89.5 88.2 91.0 2.8 3.2


Minnesota

2,881.0 2,902.4 2,906.8 2,941.1 34.3 1.2

Duluth

136.6 134.6 137.6 137.2 -0.4 -0.3

Mankato-North Mankato

55.9 56.6 55.3 56.7 1.4 2.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,944.6 1,970.4 1,959.9 1,991.4 31.5 1.6

Rochester

116.5 118.3 118.1 120.5 2.4 2.0

St. Cloud

107.9 109.5 108.1 111.3 3.2 3.0


Mississippi

1,139.9 1,146.9 1,130.5 1,137.9 7.4 0.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.7 154.2 154.1 154.9 0.8 0.5

Hattiesburg

62.2 63.8 61.5 62.3 0.8 1.3

Jackson

277.5 279.6 275.0 277.5 2.5 0.9


Missouri

2,817.2 2,833.0 2,813.1 2,829.2 16.1 0.6

Cape Girardeau

44.6 44.7 44.2 45.4 1.2 2.7

Columbia

99.6 102.7 96.7 97.9 1.2 1.2

Jefferson City

76.7 77.3 76.5 77.3 0.8 1.0

Joplin

81.3 81.0 80.4 80.3 -0.1 -0.1

Kansas City

1,048.9 1,062.1 1,053.1 1,068.8 15.7 1.5

St. Joseph

63.5 63.2 62.7 63.4 0.7 1.1

St. Louis(2)

1,356.6 1,381.7 1,355.3 1,386.6 31.3 2.3

Springfield

208.6 214.2 207.4 213.1 5.7 2.7


Montana

464.4 467.1 469.4 474.2 4.8 1.0

Billings

84.7 86.5 85.6 86.7 1.1 1.3

Great Falls

36.7 36.2 37.3 37.0 -0.3 -0.8

Missoula

59.9 60.8 59.2 60.5 1.3 2.2


Nebraska

1,013.2 1,023.9 1,013.1 1,025.7 12.6 1.2

Grand Island

42.1 42.8 42.5 43.2 0.7 1.6

Lincoln

186.1 188.1 183.8 186.3 2.5 1.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

494.8 499.9 495.9 500.8 4.9 1.0


Nevada

1,260.4 1,288.6 1,257.2 1,293.9 36.7 2.9

Carson City

28.2 28.3 28.6 28.6 0.0 0.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

919.1 940.9 915.0 941.1 26.1 2.9

Reno

210.1 217.4 209.9 217.9 8.0 3.8


New Hampshire

660.0 667.4 665.4 677.4 12.0 1.8

Dover-Durham

53.2 53.8 51.9 52.0 0.1 0.2

Manchester

108.5 110.4 108.8 111.8 3.0 2.8

Portsmouth

89.4 91.8 91.7 94.2 2.5 2.7


New Jersey

4,049.5 4,099.6 4,099.1 4,172.1 73.0 1.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

130.9 129.5 133.4 132.9 -0.5 -0.4

Ocean City

44.6 46.8 52.7 55.2 2.5 4.7

Trenton

259.2 267.0 262.2 269.0 6.8 2.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.1 58.0 58.4 57.9 -0.5 -0.9


New Mexico

830.9 834.4 818.0 832.0 14.0 1.7

Albuquerque

381.6 387.2 378.3 387.4 9.1 2.4

Farmington

51.9 51.7 51.0 51.1 0.1 0.2

Las Cruces

71.5 72.0 69.1 69.9 0.8 1.2

Santa Fe

63.2 63.6 63.3 64.3 1.0 1.6


New York

9,300.8 9,388.0 9,327.3 9,454.6 127.3 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

462.4 458.8 462.9 461.7 -1.2 -0.3

Binghamton

105.1 104.2 104.8 103.2 -1.6 -1.5

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

560.1 563.6 561.9 566.8 4.9 0.9

Elmira

39.0 38.1 39.3 38.5 -0.8 -2.0

Glens Falls

56.1 56.1 59.3 59.1 -0.2 -0.3

Ithaca

72.4 71.6 68.4 69.2 0.8 1.2

Kingston

61.6 62.3 61.9 62.8 0.9 1.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,377.2 9,527.4 9,433.3 9,629.8 196.5 2.1

Rochester

532.3 530.5 532.6 534.8 2.2 0.4

Syracuse

318.8 318.3 317.6 317.8 0.2 0.1

Utica-Rome

127.4 127.9 128.5 128.6 0.1 0.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.4 44.0 44.5 44.9 0.4 0.9


North Carolina

4,266.8 4,342.2 4,257.8 4,341.5 83.7 2.0

Asheville

183.7 186.3 182.9 185.6 2.7 1.5

Burlington

59.4 60.6 59.0 59.8 0.8 1.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,109.9 1,136.1 1,109.3 1,138.7 29.4 2.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

297.9 303.3 293.6 298.8 5.2 1.8

Fayetteville

128.7 130.2 128.4 130.8 2.4 1.9

Goldsboro

42.6 42.9 42.4 42.8 0.4 0.9

Greensboro-High Point

357.5 361.1 354.7 360.2 5.5 1.6

Greenville

78.5 78.0 77.6 77.6 0.0 0.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.4 147.3 147.1 147.1 0.0 0.0

Jacksonville

49.9 49.9 49.2 50.1 0.9 1.8

New Bern

44.2 45.0 44.7 45.2 0.5 1.1

Raleigh

580.1 597.7 583.2 601.2 18.0 3.1

Rocky Mount

57.0 56.2 56.0 55.5 -0.5 -0.9

Wilmington

121.6 121.5 120.5 122.3 1.8 1.5

Winston-Salem

259.1 260.0 257.7 260.6 2.9 1.1


North Dakota

459.6 442.9 458.6 444.6 -14.0 -3.1

Bismarck

75.3 75.3 75.7 75.8 0.1 0.1

Fargo

140.2 141.7 139.2 142.3 3.1 2.2

Grand Forks

57.2 57.1 56.7 56.7 0.0 0.0


Ohio

5,472.1 5,536.9 5,452.9 5,546.9 94.0 1.7

Akron

341.3 347.5 338.1 342.7 4.6 1.4

Canton-Massillon

174.1 174.6 173.6 176.0 2.4 1.4

Cincinnati

1,070.5 1,085.4 1,068.0 1,086.0 18.0 1.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,055.5 1,066.6 1,058.1 1,076.2 18.1 1.7

Columbus

1,045.1 1,063.6 1,039.1 1,064.1 25.0 2.4

Dayton

380.5 384.7 379.6 386.7 7.1 1.9

Lima

52.8 54.5 52.7 55.2 2.5 4.7

Mansfield

52.8 52.5 52.7 52.5 -0.2 -0.4

Springfield

51.3 51.9 51.4 51.5 0.1 0.2

Toledo

309.6 316.9 302.8 315.8 13.0 4.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.9 44.0 44.0 44.1 0.1 0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

228.8 227.1 226.5 226.7 0.2 0.1


Oklahoma

1,675.3 1,674.1 1,666.4 1,666.6 0.2 0.0

Lawton

46.7 46.6 46.6 46.6 0.0 0.0

Oklahoma City

631.0 638.6 628.7 635.4 6.7 1.1

Tulsa

447.5 448.7 446.6 445.8 -0.8 -0.2


Oregon

1,780.6 1,841.5 1,791.8 1,852.5 60.7 3.4

Albany

42.3 42.7 42.3 42.6 0.3 0.7

Bend-Redmond

74.0 78.2 75.3 79.3 4.0 5.3

Corvallis

41.9 42.0 42.1 42.5 0.4 1.0

Eugene

153.1 155.9 153.3 156.1 2.8 1.8

Grants Pass

25.0 25.7 25.3 25.7 0.4 1.6

Medford

81.7 83.5 82.0 84.6 2.6 3.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,110.2 1,142.9 1,113.0 1,146.8 33.8 3.0

Salem

155.8 161.1 157.0 161.3 4.3 2.7


Pennsylvania

5,878.8 5,919.3 5,867.7 5,939.4 71.7 1.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

361.2 360.6 360.9 363.0 2.1 0.6

Altoona

62.0 63.1 62.1 63.3 1.2 1.9

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.4 42.9 41.3 42.1 0.8 1.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.4 61.9 60.4 61.7 1.3 2.2

East Stroudsburg

56.3 57.0 57.0 58.5 1.5 2.6

Erie

131.4 129.5 131.1 129.9 -1.2 -0.9

Gettysburg

34.4 35.0 33.8 34.5 0.7 2.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

336.3 340.4 336.6 343.8 7.2 2.1

Johnstown

57.6 56.4 56.8 56.0 -0.8 -1.4

Lancaster

246.1 247.7 245.7 247.7 2.0 0.8

Lebanon

51.4 51.8 51.2 51.8 0.6 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,838.3 2,897.5 2,841.8 2,915.6 73.8 2.6

Pittsburgh

1,173.9 1,170.1 1,172.7 1,179.5 6.8 0.6

Reading

177.1 178.7 176.2 178.6 2.4 1.4

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

260.2 261.0 258.6 261.7 3.1 1.2

State College

73.4 78.8 73.2 74.4 1.2 1.6

Williamsport

56.4 54.2 55.9 54.5 -1.4 -2.5

York-Hanover

182.4 186.5 182.2 186.3 4.1 2.3


Rhode Island

492.0 492.1 491.6 496.1 4.5 0.9

Providence-Warwick

583.2 585.6 583.6 590.7 7.1 1.2


South Carolina

2,015.1 2,062.7 2,017.5 2,067.9 50.4 2.5

Charleston-North Charleston

335.3 342.8 335.4 345.2 9.8 2.9

Columbia

384.6 394.1 382.9 393.2 10.3 2.7

Florence

87.1 88.0 86.0 87.3 1.3 1.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

401.4 410.5 402.0 409.6 7.6 1.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

75.5 78.0 76.6 79.7 3.1 4.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

161.0 164.3 165.3 169.1 3.8 2.3

Spartanburg

142.2 145.6 142.3 145.3 3.0 2.1

Sumter

39.0 39.5 38.8 39.3 0.5 1.3


South Dakota

433.4 439.3 438.2 447.1 8.9 2.0

Rapid City

67.4 67.6 69.6 70.3 0.7 1.0

Sioux Falls

151.0 156.7 152.1 158.4 6.3 4.1


Tennessee

2,889.1 2,957.2 2,871.8 2,942.1 70.3 2.4

Chattanooga

245.2 250.7 245.8 249.8 4.0 1.6

Clarksville

89.0 91.2 87.4 89.5 2.1 2.4

Cleveland

46.3 47.9 45.5 47.4 1.9 4.2

Jackson

66.3 67.1 66.3 67.0 0.7 1.1

Johnson City

78.2 79.5 76.2 77.1 0.9 1.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

121.1 122.9 120.0 121.1 1.1 0.9

Knoxville

386.0 396.4 381.7 392.7 11.0 2.9

Memphis

624.0 633.8 621.5 630.4 8.9 1.4

Morristown

45.0 46.2 44.1 45.5 1.4 3.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

911.4 936.9 907.8 936.0 28.2 3.1


Texas

11,840.4 12,016.2 11,862.9 12,035.5 172.6 1.5

Abilene

68.8 68.8 68.5 68.9 0.4 0.6

Amarillo

118.4 120.8 118.5 120.4 1.9 1.6

Austin-Round Rock

956.7 993.0 962.4 1,000.8 38.4 4.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

167.7 167.8 167.5 167.8 0.3 0.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.0 143.5 140.5 144.4 3.9 2.8

College Station-Bryan

110.5 114.7 106.3 110.9 4.6 4.3

Corpus Christi

193.8 197.4 194.2 197.7 3.5 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,389.8 3,515.7 3,409.3 3,523.4 114.1 3.3

El Paso

303.0 311.2 302.2 308.2 6.0 2.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,990.0 2,993.2 2,993.5 2,998.7 5.2 0.2

Killeen-Temple

138.7 142.4 138.4 141.8 3.4 2.5

Laredo

101.2 103.2 101.2 103.7 2.5 2.5

Longview

100.2 100.0 100.1 100.4 0.3 0.3

Lubbock

140.1 144.5 139.4 143.6 4.2 3.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

250.2 256.6 249.1 254.1 5.0 2.0

Midland

92.7 90.7 92.7 91.0 -1.7 -1.8

Odessa

75.3 72.8 75.3 72.8 -2.5 -3.3

San Angelo

49.5 50.1 49.3 50.4 1.1 2.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

981.8 1,009.7 985.2 1,008.6 23.4 2.4

Sherman-Denison

46.1 46.9 46.6 47.0 0.4 0.9

Texarkana

60.2 60.8 60.2 60.9 0.7 1.2

Tyler

100.9 103.1 101.9 104.0 2.1 2.1

Victoria

45.0 45.4 44.9 45.5 0.6 1.3

Waco

114.7 117.3 115.2 118.2 3.0 2.6

Wichita Falls

58.5 58.7 58.7 58.9 0.2 0.3


Utah

1,373.4 1,417.2 1,379.3 1,427.8 48.5 3.5

Logan

59.3 61.2 58.7 61.3 2.6 4.4

Ogden-Clearfield

241.4 251.6 242.1 251.8 9.7 4.0

Provo-Orem

222.3 233.1 223.8 235.5 11.7 5.2

St. George

57.4 61.3 57.1 60.9 3.8 6.7

Salt Lake City

674.2 694.8 676.1 697.3 21.2 3.1


Vermont

310.8 315.4 312.7 317.3 4.6 1.5

Burlington-South Burlington

123.9 125.2 124.3 126.0 1.7 1.4


Virginia

3,852.2 3,927.0 3,866.7 3,956.8 90.1 2.3

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

77.8 76.9 74.6 74.9 0.3 0.4

Charlottesville

113.3 117.6 112.2 116.6 4.4 3.9

Harrisonburg

63.9 63.8 63.6 63.6 0.0 0.0

Lynchburg

103.7 104.1 103.7 104.1 0.4 0.4

Richmond

648.6 672.8 651.7 676.1 24.4 3.7

Roanoke

161.3 163.1 161.1 162.7 1.6 1.0

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.6 49.2 49.7 49.2 -0.5 -1.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

767.6 772.1 773.9 778.2 4.3 0.6

Winchester

60.8 63.6 61.3 63.3 2.0 3.3


Washington

3,156.6 3,256.8 3,178.4 3,274.8 96.4 3.0

Bellingham

88.4 89.9 89.0 90.0 1.0 1.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

87.8 89.4 88.8 90.2 1.4 1.6

Kennewick-Richland

108.3 111.2 109.4 111.6 2.2 2.0

Longview

39.2 40.1 39.2 40.0 0.8 2.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.7 49.7 49.1 50.8 1.7 3.5

Olympia-Tumwater

109.3 112.6 109.7 112.7 3.0 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,886.4 1,953.3 1,904.3 1,971.6 67.3 3.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

236.1 240.8 237.2 242.4 5.2 2.2

Walla Walla

27.4 27.8 27.1 27.5 0.4 1.5

Wenatchee

43.0 43.7 44.2 44.2 0.0 0.0

Yakima

82.0 83.8 82.1 83.8 1.7 2.1


West Virginia

773.2 778.3 766.0 766.3 0.3 0.0

Beckley

47.6 47.5 47.9 47.3 -0.6 -1.3

Charleston

124.0 123.2 124.2 123.6 -0.6 -0.5

Huntington-Ashland

142.0 143.8 139.6 140.9 1.3 0.9

Morgantown

72.1 73.5 68.2 69.4 1.2 1.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.6 43.0 42.3 41.7 -0.6 -1.4

Wheeling

69.2 68.9 68.2 68.3 0.1 0.1


Wisconsin

2,899.8 2,939.2 2,921.4 2,973.1 51.7 1.8

Appleton

123.1 124.5 125.1 126.7 1.6 1.3

Eau Claire

86.5 86.3 85.2 85.1 -0.1 -0.1

Fond du Lac

48.1 48.9 48.5 49.1 0.6 1.2

Green Bay

173.9 174.6 176.2 176.8 0.6 0.3

Janesville-Beloit

66.7 70.3 67.2 70.8 3.6 5.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.2 78.9 76.7 78.0 1.3 1.7

Madison

387.5 395.0 389.9 395.3 5.4 1.4

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

857.1 860.4 862.5 872.3 9.8 1.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.7 95.5 94.4 95.4 1.0 1.1

Racine

77.4 77.1 78.3 78.2 -0.1 -0.1

Sheboygan

61.0 61.8 62.4 63.0 0.6 1.0

Wausau

72.0 72.7 73.4 73.8 0.4 0.5


Wyoming

292.2 283.2 297.2 289.6 -7.6 -2.6

Casper

42.4 39.7 42.2 40.1 -2.1 -5.0

Cheyenne

47.3 47.0 47.3 47.3 0.0 0.0


Puerto Rico

904.4 895.1 895.5 888.2 -7.3 -0.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.1 51.4 50.7 51.3 0.6 1.2

Arecibo

33.2 33.3 32.2 32.8 0.6 1.9

Guayama

15.0 15.3 14.9 15.2 0.3 2.0

Mayaguez

34.3 34.2 34.4 34.2 -0.2 -0.6

Ponce

72.2 70.8 71.3 69.8 -1.5 -2.1

San German

20.6 19.8 20.5 19.6 -0.9 -4.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

655.6 647.3 649.2 642.8 -6.4 -1.0


Virgin Islands

37.7 38.0 37.9 37.9 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division May June Change from
June 2015 to June 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

16,017.8 16,474.0 16,039.0 16,556.8 517.8 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,802.3 5,956.7 5,799.2 5,971.1 171.9 3.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,535.4 1,584.1 1,540.4 1,589.8 49.4 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,266.9 4,372.6 4,258.8 4,381.3 122.5 2.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,251.0 2,314.0 2,257.2 2,324.8 67.6 3.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,094.9 1,120.8 1,097.6 1,124.4 26.8 2.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,043.7 1,076.6 1,046.2 1,082.5 36.3 3.5

San Rafael

112.4 116.6 113.4 117.9 4.5 4.0


District of Columbia

770.0 777.5 764.3 775.8 11.5 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,185.4 3,245.8 3,195.0 3,276.1 81.1 2.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

588.5 595.3 593.1 603.2 10.1 1.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,596.9 2,650.5 2,601.9 2,672.9 71.0 2.7


Florida

8,093.5 8,356.6 7,998.8 8,255.1 256.3 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,505.0 2,569.4 2,474.9 2,540.5 65.6 2.7

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

796.4 828.1 789.4 825.3 35.9 4.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,123.4 1,143.5 1,109.1 1,127.7 18.6 1.7

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

585.2 597.8 576.4 587.5 11.1 1.9


Illinois

6,001.9 6,036.4 6,016.6 6,056.3 39.7 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,611.2 4,675.7 4,641.0 4,702.7 61.7 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,669.6 3,716.9 3,694.1 3,737.8 43.7 1.2

Elgin

257.7 261.4 258.4 262.9 4.5 1.7

Gary(3)

276.0 278.9 273.3 276.8 3.5 1.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

407.9 418.5 415.2 425.2 10.0 2.4


Massachusetts

3,519.6 3,568.7 3,548.3 3,614.4 66.1 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,665.8 2,699.1 2,682.2 2,733.9 51.7 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,783.7 1,808.0 1,793.4 1,831.4 38.0 2.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.9 82.6 80.9 81.8 0.9 1.1

Framingham

174.1 175.3 176.1 178.3 2.2 1.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.4 68.4 67.5 70.1 2.6 3.9

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

82.2 83.0 83.1 83.7 0.6 0.7

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

150.3 151.6 151.4 153.1 1.7 1.1

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.6 45.2 46.2 46.4 0.2 0.4

Nashua(2)

127.1 127.7 127.7 129.9 2.2 1.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.4 96.9 96.4 97.9 1.5 1.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.1 60.4 59.5 61.3 1.8 3.0


Michigan

4,279.0 4,354.0 4,292.4 4,390.9 98.5 2.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,952.4 1,985.8 1,962.0 2,004.1 42.1 2.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

739.1 750.0 741.3 754.6 13.3 1.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,213.3 1,235.8 1,220.7 1,249.5 28.8 2.4


New York

9,300.8 9,388.0 9,327.3 9,454.6 127.3 1.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,377.2 9,527.4 9,433.3 9,629.8 196.5 2.1

Dutchess County-Putnam County

145.0 147.1 145.1 147.8 2.7 1.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,320.0 1,325.4 1,335.4 1,347.5 12.1 0.9

Newark(3)

1,194.3 1,211.7 1,202.2 1,225.6 23.4 1.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,717.9 6,843.2 6,750.6 6,908.9 158.3 2.3


Pennsylvania

5,878.8 5,919.3 5,867.7 5,939.4 71.7 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,838.3 2,897.5 2,841.8 2,915.6 73.8 2.6

Camden(3)

523.7 535.6 527.7 543.5 15.8 3.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,039.5 1,059.2 1,044.5 1,072.2 27.7 2.7

Philadelphia

917.4 936.0 912.3 930.3 18.0 2.0

Wilmington(3)

357.7 366.7 357.3 369.6 12.3 3.4


Texas

11,840.4 12,016.2 11,862.9 12,035.5 172.6 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,389.8 3,515.7 3,409.3 3,523.4 114.1 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,391.2 2,502.4 2,408.7 2,508.3 99.6 4.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

998.6 1,013.3 1,000.6 1,015.1 14.5 1.4


Washington

3,156.6 3,256.8 3,178.4 3,274.8 96.4 3.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,886.4 1,953.3 1,904.3 1,971.6 67.3 3.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,589.8 1,647.3 1,606.3 1,663.3 57.0 3.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

296.6 306.0 298.0 308.3 10.3 3.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: August 04, 2016