Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 29, 2016                    USDL-16-1291

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


       METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 333 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 49 areas, and unchanged in 5 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-four areas had jobless
rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 
percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 311
metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas.
The national unemployment rate in May was 4.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, down from 5.3 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, the lowest unemployment rates were in Ames, Iowa; Burlington-South
Burlington, Vt.; and Sioux Falls, S.D., 2.1 percent each. Yuma, Ariz., had
the highest unemployment rate, 20.9 percent. A total of 187 areas had May
jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.5 percent, 185 areas had rates below 
it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease
in May (-4.1 percentage points). Nine other areas had rate declines of at
least 2.0 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred
in Casper, Wyo. (+2.7 percentage points). 

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or
more, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in May, 2.9
percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., had the highest rate among the
large areas, 6.4 percent. Forty-six large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases and five had increases. The largest rate decreases occurred in
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif., and Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-2.1
percentage points each). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.4 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In May, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.8 percent each.
Philadelphia, Pa., had the highest division rate, 6.5 percent. (See table 2.)

In May, 35 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
2 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-2.5 percentage points). The largest over-
the-year rate increase occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+0.4 percentage
point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, 311 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 70 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+154,500),
New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+143,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
Texas (+125,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred
in St. George, Utah (+7.1 percent), followed by Madera, Calif., and State College,
Pa. (+6.7 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-8,100),
Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,500), and Pittsburgh, Pa. (-4,200). The largest over-the-
year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-6.6 percent),
Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.6 percent), and Williamsport, Pa. (-3.9 percent).
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in Pittsburgh, Pa. (-0.4
percent), New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.3 percent), and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.2
percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these
large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.2 percent),
and Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+3.9 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and decreased in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-400, or -0.9 percent).
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+124,600), followed by
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+111,100), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(+101,000). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.6 percent), followed by Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), and Seattle-Bellevue-
Everett, Wash. (+3.7 percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled
to be released on Friday, July 22, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, August 3, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) April May April May
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,139,605 2,158,713 2,157,591 2,177,738 117,358 117,345 132,164 124,861 5.5 5.4 6.1 5.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,001 45,950 46,379 46,370 2,883 2,780 3,257 2,995 6.3 6.1 7.0 6.5

Auburn-Opelika

71,327 72,776 71,452 73,043 3,211 3,389 3,666 3,639 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.0

Birmingham-Hoover

529,986 534,997 533,798 540,833 26,395 27,335 29,469 28,933 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

87,198 89,423 88,912 91,067 4,215 4,310 4,744 4,633 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.1

Decatur

68,592 68,798 69,325 69,355 3,850 3,730 4,299 3,989 5.6 5.4 6.2 5.8

Dothan

62,392 62,455 62,513 62,588 3,455 3,381 3,905 3,654 5.5 5.4 6.2 5.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,303 66,814 66,828 67,326 4,342 4,134 4,978 4,334 6.5 6.2 7.4 6.4

Gadsden

42,993 44,017 43,465 44,469 2,376 2,337 2,658 2,539 5.5 5.3 6.1 5.7

Huntsville

208,410 210,480 210,272 212,373 10,286 10,031 11,620 10,693 4.9 4.8 5.5 5.0

Mobile

183,045 184,778 184,116 185,394 11,312 11,409 12,864 11,998 6.2 6.2 7.0 6.5

Montgomery

168,210 169,335 170,180 170,762 8,980 8,759 10,036 9,283 5.3 5.2 5.9 5.4

Tuscaloosa

111,372 113,145 112,013 114,089 5,617 5,941 6,525 6,438 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.6

Alaska

359,279 355,983 364,910 360,509 23,709 24,626 22,994 23,834 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.6

Anchorage

201,621 200,975 202,913 202,325 11,441 12,173 11,078 11,889 5.7 6.1 5.5 5.9

Fairbanks

46,170 45,642 47,445 46,574 2,448 2,703 2,415 2,594 5.3 5.9 5.1 5.6

Arizona

3,139,578 3,227,655 3,148,508 3,228,271 184,727 173,397 188,462 176,953 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.5

Flagstaff

72,532 73,566 73,178 73,542 4,288 4,164 4,497 4,208 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,044 79,751 79,866 80,513 6,061 5,440 6,087 5,334 7.7 6.8 7.6 6.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,151,404 2,221,616 2,152,636 2,215,481 108,019 103,635 108,217 104,484 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.7

Prescott

97,936 101,145 98,159 101,037 5,275 4,953 5,112 4,863 5.4 4.9 5.2 4.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,367 50,152 50,750 50,491 3,684 3,254 3,689 3,258 7.3 6.5 7.3 6.5

Tucson

465,254 477,987 464,508 479,107 24,578 23,642 24,832 23,795 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.0

Yuma

93,667 93,539 97,829 97,070 20,928 17,597 23,808 20,298 22.3 18.8 24.3 20.9

Arkansas

1,326,263 1,355,374 1,336,245 1,360,986 68,986 46,136 72,301 51,660 5.2 3.4 5.4 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

250,939 263,738 252,914 263,834 9,572 6,433 10,415 7,363 3.8 2.4 4.1 2.8

Fort Smith

121,434 121,703 122,228 122,097 6,738 5,043 6,989 5,586 5.5 4.1 5.7 4.6

Hot Springs

40,197 41,344 40,373 41,120 2,224 1,470 2,329 1,670 5.5 3.6 5.8 4.1

Jonesboro

60,303 62,674 60,926 62,560 2,836 1,781 2,983 2,004 4.7 2.8 4.9 3.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

345,654 353,147 346,483 355,380 16,090 10,699 16,911 12,040 4.7 3.0 4.9 3.4

Pine Bluff

36,817 36,675 36,870 36,620 2,528 1,687 2,633 1,899 6.9 4.6 7.1 5.2

California

18,942,424 19,016,818 19,036,611 18,983,886 1,166,325 987,164 1,164,888 898,920 6.2 5.2 6.1 4.7

Bakersfield

391,781 393,635 397,707 395,170 41,451 41,708 40,513 38,219 10.6 10.6 10.2 9.7

Chico

101,903 101,826 103,022 101,677 7,125 6,558 7,112 5,956 7.0 6.4 6.9 5.9

El Centro

78,160 79,156 79,858 77,485 18,834 17,501 18,793 15,045 24.1 22.1 23.5 19.4

Fresno

445,250 448,273 449,811 450,860 46,522 43,099 44,391 38,325 10.4 9.6 9.9 8.5

Hanford-Corcoran

58,224 57,705 59,413 58,225 6,300 5,755 5,927 5,021 10.8 10.0 10.0 8.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,613,033 6,614,805 6,622,481 6,593,787 408,214 296,329 412,989 270,756 6.2 4.5 6.2 4.1

Madera

60,052 61,093 60,965 61,596 6,563 5,878 6,309 5,206 10.9 9.6 10.3 8.5

Merced

114,151 114,346 115,034 114,800 13,592 12,702 12,912 11,175 11.9 11.1 11.2 9.7

Modesto

242,260 243,013 244,060 243,782 23,998 21,645 23,282 19,448 9.9 8.9 9.5 8.0

Napa

74,957 75,530 75,916 75,787 3,173 2,940 3,167 2,597 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

432,597 430,119 432,614 427,002 22,609 20,384 23,126 19,013 5.2 4.7 5.3 4.5

Redding

74,512 73,948 75,190 73,991 5,853 5,118 5,697 4,586 7.9 6.9 7.6 6.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,951,718 1,964,850 1,958,071 1,958,550 124,046 110,153 125,609 103,626 6.4 5.6 6.4 5.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,056,650 1,056,178 1,061,229 1,051,843 60,243 53,516 60,511 49,544 5.7 5.1 5.7 4.7

Salinas

221,450 222,899 226,436 226,378 17,307 16,635 15,750 13,448 7.8 7.5 7.0 5.9

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,555,211 1,563,939 1,565,494 1,558,428 77,738 70,629 78,949 65,390 5.0 4.5 5.0 4.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,490,894 2,514,240 2,504,339 2,507,509 102,267 92,037 103,829 84,795 4.1 3.7 4.1 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,040,481 1,058,813 1,046,412 1,057,428 43,091 39,239 43,550 35,978 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

144,415 144,493 145,183 144,909 6,301 5,658 6,298 5,112 4.4 3.9 4.3 3.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

144,868 144,529 146,361 145,700 11,376 10,839 9,971 8,607 7.9 7.5 6.8 5.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

221,388 223,555 222,600 223,426 10,737 10,010 10,512 8,835 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.0

Santa Rosa

260,253 259,990 262,366 259,553 11,181 9,817 11,194 8,967 4.3 3.8 4.3 3.5

Stockton-Lodi

314,855 318,000 321,118 323,312 28,029 25,655 27,262 22,992 8.9 8.1 8.5 7.1

Vallejo-Fairfield

205,721 206,657 206,632 206,262 12,385 10,896 12,383 10,012 6.0 5.3 6.0 4.9

Visalia-Porterville

207,085 206,578 208,748 207,247 23,553 22,272 22,470 19,709 11.4 10.8 10.8 9.5

Yuba City

72,860 72,843 73,678 72,776 7,787 6,993 7,433 6,197 10.7 9.6 10.1 8.5

Colorado

2,814,025 2,879,450 2,824,897 2,888,463 112,965 101,892 112,017 102,857 4.0 3.5 4.0 3.6

Boulder

176,223 179,570 177,242 180,988 5,729 5,157 5,771 5,236 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.9

Colorado Springs

317,632 324,196 320,488 326,501 15,073 13,170 14,691 13,061 4.7 4.1 4.6 4.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,498,466 1,538,431 1,506,096 1,543,499 57,040 50,658 56,082 50,972 3.8 3.3 3.7 3.3

Fort Collins

178,792 184,769 181,607 187,157 6,063 5,608 6,032 5,590 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.0

Grand Junction

71,785 72,528 72,513 73,237 4,073 4,263 4,001 4,158 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.7

Greeley

147,956 150,847 148,686 152,723 5,831 5,595 5,832 5,552 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.6

Pueblo

72,305 73,392 72,544 73,893 4,228 3,793 4,075 3,726 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.0

Connecticut

1,879,963 1,883,760 1,895,146 1,895,615 106,299 104,760 105,395 101,458 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

462,539 466,364 466,511 468,973 25,184 25,181 25,335 24,374 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.2

Danbury

106,307 106,583 107,409 107,729 4,845 4,767 4,733 4,720 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

614,515 615,457 617,445 617,366 34,866 35,111 34,351 33,347 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.4

New Haven

322,067 320,675 324,179 322,657 18,144 17,621 18,304 17,518 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,196 140,745 142,607 141,744 8,793 7,681 8,492 7,760 6.3 5.5 6.0 5.5

Waterbury

110,473 110,048 111,674 111,295 7,884 7,473 7,904 7,235 7.1 6.8 7.1 6.5

Delaware

463,717 481,406 464,051 479,822 22,429 19,090 21,514 18,810 4.8 4.0 4.6 3.9

Dover

76,614 79,003 76,130 78,145 4,118 3,389 4,047 3,441 5.4 4.3 5.3 4.4

Salisbury(1)

178,268 185,470 184,894 188,694 11,473 10,133 10,564 8,893 6.4 5.5 5.7 4.7

District of Columbia

384,502 395,998 384,242 393,184 24,937 21,767 25,361 20,413 6.5 5.5 6.6 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,277,033 3,284,963 3,296,795 3,283,169 138,714 115,851 149,907 116,860 4.2 3.5 4.5 3.6

Florida

9,646,945 9,708,395 9,756,834 9,746,739 501,676 441,291 538,880 424,095 5.2 4.5 5.5 4.4

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

321,272 329,036 322,277 326,278 15,241 13,461 16,623 13,024 4.7 4.1 5.2 4.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

119,943 119,225 123,015 121,191 5,134 4,595 5,586 4,346 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.6

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

282,289 285,680 286,057 288,148 15,917 13,635 17,190 13,174 5.6 4.8 6.0 4.6

Gainesville

137,729 139,012 138,090 137,682 5,908 5,412 6,527 5,233 4.3 3.9 4.7 3.8

Homosassa Springs

47,931 47,259 48,577 47,305 3,441 3,006 3,717 2,861 7.2 6.4 7.7 6.0

Jacksonville

719,210 727,824 730,389 735,607 36,519 31,314 39,304 30,060 5.1 4.3 5.4 4.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

279,206 280,639 282,400 280,769 16,234 14,091 17,578 13,582 5.8 5.0 6.2 4.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,010,181 3,011,350 3,040,504 3,013,773 162,530 144,519 172,099 139,716 5.4 4.8 5.7 4.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

163,876 163,898 163,046 162,040 7,466 6,800 8,204 6,529 4.6 4.1 5.0 4.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

343,459 344,154 347,530 346,618 16,248 14,567 17,482 13,831 4.7 4.2 5.0 4.0

Ocala

131,178 130,645 132,543 130,931 8,038 7,033 8,717 6,806 6.1 5.4 6.6 5.2

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,212,781 1,238,046 1,231,921 1,248,784 59,154 51,640 63,496 49,334 4.9 4.2 5.2 4.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

256,235 253,237 260,096 255,011 14,634 12,683 15,761 12,060 5.7 5.0 6.1 4.7

Panama City

94,016 93,004 95,491 94,048 4,803 4,232 5,170 3,988 5.1 4.6 5.4 4.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

212,934 211,504 216,263 212,470 10,723 9,592 11,652 9,093 5.0 4.5 5.4 4.3

Port St. Lucie

200,974 201,577 202,975 201,920 11,114 9,838 12,163 9,513 5.5 4.9 6.0 4.7

Punta Gorda

67,862 67,942 68,288 67,767 3,825 3,379 4,058 3,201 5.6 5.0 5.9 4.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,102 61,234 61,796 61,121 3,765 3,388 4,269 3,359 6.2 5.5 6.9 5.5

Sebring

36,180 36,448 36,243 36,134 2,448 2,108 2,645 2,012 6.8 5.8 7.3 5.6

Tallahassee

186,950 186,503 185,510 185,181 9,088 8,078 9,949 7,744 4.9 4.3 5.4 4.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,439,881 1,457,461 1,458,089 1,470,252 71,467 62,421 77,203 59,877 5.0 4.3 5.3 4.1

The Villages

28,492 28,776 28,891 28,840 2,066 1,898 2,247 1,816 7.3 6.6 7.8 6.3

Georgia

4,757,923 4,828,104 4,798,766 4,849,941 270,502 240,956 292,266 230,319 5.7 5.0 6.1 4.7

Albany

65,243 66,050 65,308 66,237 4,361 3,957 4,729 3,718 6.7 6.0 7.2 5.6

Athens-Clarke County

92,701 95,707 93,084 95,731 4,887 4,350 5,389 4,191 5.3 4.5 5.8 4.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,826,960 2,876,560 2,851,166 2,889,707 153,899 137,347 165,971 131,515 5.4 4.8 5.8 4.6

Augusta-Richmond County

258,947 259,936 257,113 256,601 15,303 14,177 16,597 13,623 5.9 5.5 6.5 5.3

Brunswick

50,046 51,194 50,660 51,416 3,012 2,640 3,298 2,535 6.0 5.2 6.5 4.9

Columbus

124,617 124,165 125,399 124,752 8,196 7,408 8,846 7,111 6.6 6.0 7.1 5.7

Dalton

60,375 60,662 60,663 60,847 3,978 3,322 3,999 3,221 6.6 5.5 6.6 5.3

Gainesville

91,387 94,174 92,828 94,886 4,187 3,940 4,638 3,641 4.6 4.2 5.0 3.8

Hinesville

32,085 31,940 32,350 32,006 1,925 1,689 2,081 1,619 6.0 5.3 6.4 5.1

Macon

102,657 103,730 103,628 104,285 6,321 5,553 6,855 5,320 6.2 5.4 6.6 5.1

Rome

42,908 42,912 43,082 42,890 2,718 2,396 2,915 2,276 6.3 5.6 6.8 5.3

Savannah

175,619 179,427 177,206 180,104 9,426 8,396 10,249 8,088 5.4 4.7 5.8 4.5

Valdosta

62,705 63,294 63,216 63,648 3,597 3,070 3,886 3,015 5.7 4.9 6.1 4.7

Warner Robins

80,716 80,877 81,328 81,307 4,716 4,228 5,150 4,011 5.8 5.2 6.3 4.9

Hawaii

675,845 685,465 675,441 682,266 24,591 21,484 24,355 21,333 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

83,636 85,771 83,572 85,512 3,246 2,760 3,035 2,768 3.9 3.2 3.6 3.2

Urban Honolulu

468,977 472,548 468,530 469,432 15,890 13,748 16,020 13,752 3.4 2.9 3.4 2.9

Idaho

790,441 806,594 797,300 813,380 34,004 29,389 29,932 26,738 4.3 3.6 3.8 3.3

Boise City

321,213 330,308 323,150 330,427 13,352 11,379 12,144 10,572 4.2 3.4 3.8 3.2

Coeur d'Alene

71,193 72,755 71,926 73,853 3,565 3,302 3,025 2,893 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.9

Idaho Falls

64,175 65,686 65,016 66,827 2,272 1,950 2,059 1,873 3.5 3.0 3.2 2.8

Lewiston

30,473 31,206 30,734 31,471 1,221 1,161 1,164 1,087 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.5

Pocatello

42,105 42,874 42,409 43,302 1,744 1,360 1,559 1,281 4.1 3.2 3.7 3.0

Illinois

6,461,911 6,607,497 6,520,791 6,592,749 352,068 410,252 373,226 368,590 5.4 6.2 5.7 5.6

Bloomington

99,557 97,886 99,827 97,600 3,925 5,293 4,452 5,110 3.9 5.4 4.5 5.2

Carbondale-Marion

61,330 60,733 60,075 59,167 3,088 3,839 3,358 3,614 5.0 6.3 5.6 6.1

Champaign-Urbana

120,311 121,968 120,481 120,870 5,056 6,413 5,725 6,222 4.2 5.3 4.8 5.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,851,770 4,982,567 4,896,443 4,968,356 271,704 307,619 284,763 269,204 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.4

Danville

35,275 35,644 35,660 35,496 2,106 2,685 2,316 2,576 6.0 7.5 6.5 7.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,727 189,565 193,273 189,430 9,549 10,990 10,137 10,261 5.0 5.8 5.2 5.4

Decatur

49,670 49,854 50,395 50,060 2,941 3,537 3,281 3,383 5.9 7.1 6.5 6.8

Kankakee

54,623 55,025 54,952 54,684 3,222 3,725 3,439 3,531 5.9 6.8 6.3 6.5

Peoria

184,146 185,097 186,265 184,984 9,801 12,825 10,762 12,052 5.3 6.9 5.8 6.5

Rockford

165,347 169,295 168,434 170,139 9,880 11,688 10,659 11,167 6.0 6.9 6.3 6.6

Springfield

109,791 111,346 111,251 111,503 4,814 5,720 5,295 5,379 4.4 5.1 4.8 4.8

Indiana

3,243,563 3,349,782 3,286,281 3,368,037 145,075 161,437 159,838 145,849 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.3

Bloomington

77,490 79,443 75,496 75,963 3,336 4,099 3,916 3,554 4.3 5.2 5.2 4.7

Columbus

42,926 45,293 43,477 45,368 1,405 1,602 1,558 1,486 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.3

Elkhart-Goshen

103,492 104,790 105,426 106,179 3,567 4,099 4,073 3,733 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.5

Evansville

157,390 160,023 159,361 159,714 6,124 7,040 6,855 6,749 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.2

Fort Wayne

208,033 217,865 211,525 218,562 8,494 9,857 9,423 8,845 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

999,481 1,035,625 1,014,465 1,039,246 42,761 46,113 46,942 41,884 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.0

Kokomo

36,398 37,836 37,047 38,171 1,701 1,938 1,897 1,771 4.7 5.1 5.1 4.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107,761 112,578 107,340 111,491 3,879 4,649 4,574 4,258 3.6 4.1 4.3 3.8

Michigan City-La Porte

48,041 48,782 49,034 49,191 2,806 3,178 3,006 2,828 5.8 6.5 6.1 5.7

Muncie

54,524 56,073 54,133 54,925 2,865 3,149 3,169 2,858 5.3 5.6 5.9 5.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

153,841 158,801 156,776 159,533 7,237 7,433 7,990 6,841 4.7 4.7 5.1 4.3

Terre Haute

77,229 78,622 77,665 78,787 4,426 4,647 4,749 4,340 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.5

Iowa

1,697,847 1,707,135 1,699,388 1,703,523 59,771 60,898 58,649 58,226 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

Ames

58,451 58,881 57,515 57,514 1,264 1,180 1,325 1,212 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.1

Cedar Rapids

143,890 144,608 143,648 143,637 5,185 5,349 5,066 5,225 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

336,836 339,429 339,540 339,748 11,528 11,353 11,325 10,996 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2

Dubuque

55,804 55,682 55,940 55,524 1,850 1,910 1,804 1,824 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.3

Iowa City

96,645 96,982 95,445 95,516 2,386 2,357 2,401 2,375 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5

Sioux City

91,947 92,894 92,409 92,773 3,010 2,935 3,008 2,814 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91,999 91,151 91,336 90,019 4,028 3,975 3,780 3,779 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2

Kansas

1,491,323 1,494,120 1,491,922 1,490,225 64,074 50,435 64,431 54,431 4.3 3.4 4.3 3.7

Lawrence

66,005 66,288 65,193 64,814 2,441 1,892 2,505 2,082 3.7 2.9 3.8 3.2

Manhattan

50,577 52,126 49,144 50,727 1,737 1,346 1,775 1,461 3.4 2.6 3.6 2.9

Topeka

120,172 119,639 121,018 118,964 5,156 4,028 5,248 4,346 4.3 3.4 4.3 3.7

Wichita

311,162 313,495 311,820 313,601 14,853 11,855 14,834 12,724 4.8 3.8 4.8 4.1

Kentucky

1,952,036 1,968,567 1,967,090 1,982,988 95,575 92,168 106,942 98,065 4.9 4.7 5.4 4.9

Bowling Green

76,545 76,993 77,020 77,471 3,376 3,024 3,798 3,217 4.4 3.9 4.9 4.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,366 64,510 63,844 65,272 3,080 2,721 3,437 2,926 4.9 4.2 5.4 4.5

Lexington-Fayette

254,598 258,883 255,153 258,265 9,598 8,874 10,880 9,590 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.7

Louisville/Jefferson County

618,840 632,965 626,724 637,352 27,402 26,286 30,383 26,957 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.2

Owensboro

52,575 53,566 52,835 54,119 2,207 2,261 2,520 2,437 4.2 4.2 4.8 4.5

Louisiana

2,172,166 2,149,589 2,179,116 2,154,642 131,433 125,147 140,130 131,950 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.1

Alexandria

67,455 67,071 67,583 67,145 4,241 3,831 4,523 4,210 6.3 5.7 6.7 6.3

Baton Rouge

421,813 428,167 424,046 425,521 22,087 20,583 23,536 22,073 5.2 4.8 5.6 5.2

Hammond

54,301 53,693 54,518 54,018 3,750 3,491 4,027 3,699 6.9 6.5 7.4 6.8

Houma-Thibodaux

100,813 96,729 101,103 97,528 5,577 6,096 5,902 6,476 5.5 6.3 5.8 6.6

Lafayette

230,241 223,451 231,195 223,984 13,846 15,436 15,125 16,206 6.0 6.9 6.5 7.2

Lake Charles

102,108 103,713 101,773 103,589 5,323 4,887 5,639 5,042 5.2 4.7 5.5 4.9

Monroe

82,212 81,953 82,639 82,216 5,247 4,830 5,639 5,073 6.4 5.9 6.8 6.2

New Orleans-Metairie

609,490 600,591 610,696 602,261 34,895 31,746 37,002 33,300 5.7 5.3 6.1 5.5

Shreveport-Bossier City

197,377 192,148 197,315 193,232 13,036 11,968 13,844 12,471 6.6 6.2 7.0 6.5

Maine

674,781 667,451 678,525 677,542 32,093 25,381 30,191 24,395 4.8 3.8 4.4 3.6

Bangor

70,326 69,027 69,422 68,913 3,116 2,587 2,929 2,490 4.4 3.7 4.2 3.6

Lewiston-Auburn

55,104 54,702 54,932 55,050 2,411 1,921 2,282 1,857 4.4 3.5 4.2 3.4

Portland-South Portland

195,235 193,467 197,278 196,893 7,232 5,474 7,079 5,550 3.7 2.8 3.6 2.8

Maryland

3,128,513 3,150,361 3,155,474 3,147,322 153,386 137,117 164,343 130,685 4.9 4.4 5.2 4.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,462,657 1,472,399 1,475,289 1,475,227 74,850 66,271 80,060 63,244 5.1 4.5 5.4 4.3

California-Lexington Park

54,202 54,347 54,506 53,979 2,442 2,238 2,686 2,146 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.0

Cumberland

44,644 43,684 44,837 43,513 2,977 2,699 3,073 2,461 6.7 6.2 6.9 5.7

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

128,939 128,065 129,662 128,066 7,056 5,846 7,186 5,518 5.5 4.6 5.5 4.3

Massachusetts

3,550,470 3,581,833 3,560,302 3,573,205 167,345 137,898 174,161 135,396 4.7 3.8 4.9 3.8

Barnstable Town

117,334 119,283 122,751 122,825 6,888 5,696 6,569 5,034 5.9 4.8 5.4 4.1

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,614,352 2,644,922 2,616,257 2,632,941 110,771 91,249 116,887 91,266 4.2 3.4 4.5 3.5

Leominster-Gardner

75,919 76,411 75,965 76,124 4,375 3,574 4,401 3,389 5.8 4.7 5.8 4.5

New Bedford

83,631 83,826 83,765 83,209 5,885 4,705 5,775 4,361 7.0 5.6 6.9 5.2

Pittsfield

42,569 42,959 43,051 43,449 2,431 2,041 2,319 1,902 5.7 4.8 5.4 4.4

Springfield

365,246 365,153 364,909 363,300 20,304 17,476 20,993 17,266 5.6 4.8 5.8 4.8

Worcester

344,677 345,865 345,272 346,670 17,690 14,575 18,096 14,299 5.1 4.2 5.2 4.1

Michigan

4,699,774 4,810,970 4,803,409 4,860,674 238,400 205,805 284,564 218,019 5.1 4.3 5.9 4.5

Ann Arbor

190,682 199,404 192,223 199,064 6,253 5,450 8,109 6,312 3.3 2.7 4.2 3.2

Battle Creek

64,536 65,267 65,819 65,790 3,040 2,679 3,600 2,785 4.7 4.1 5.5 4.2

Bay City

52,418 52,890 53,090 52,719 2,956 2,571 3,282 2,462 5.6 4.9 6.2 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,964,019 2,023,968 2,009,816 2,055,151 107,385 91,243 133,795 99,791 5.5 4.5 6.7 4.9

Flint

182,814 184,308 186,279 185,600 10,371 8,967 11,975 9,323 5.7 4.9 6.4 5.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

551,068 566,039 561,420 570,404 19,310 16,673 23,770 18,155 3.5 2.9 4.2 3.2

Jackson

73,472 73,010 74,634 73,259 3,589 3,190 4,204 3,276 4.9 4.4 5.6 4.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

165,614 169,662 167,214 168,798 7,181 6,196 8,634 6,583 4.3 3.7 5.2 3.9

Lansing-East Lansing

244,690 249,007 247,861 247,045 9,940 8,232 12,067 11,347 4.1 3.3 4.9 4.6

Midland

41,695 41,881 42,552 42,099 1,898 1,674 2,198 1,698 4.6 4.0 5.2 4.0

Monroe

76,461 78,647 77,637 79,026 3,238 2,862 3,814 2,911 4.2 3.6 4.9 3.7

Muskegon

77,368 78,983 79,360 79,896 4,191 3,650 4,910 3,733 5.4 4.6 6.2 4.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,299 74,880 75,547 75,714 3,513 3,078 4,229 3,268 4.8 4.1 5.6 4.3

Saginaw

88,176 90,451 89,285 90,350 4,760 4,149 5,496 4,222 5.4 4.6 6.2 4.7

Minnesota

2,997,380 3,041,894 3,019,576 3,042,881 108,445 115,011 106,734 101,126 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.3

Duluth

143,024 143,465 143,701 142,824 6,917 8,965 6,624 7,353 4.8 6.2 4.6 5.1

Mankato-North Mankato

59,330 60,293 58,882 59,481 1,619 1,739 1,680 1,608 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,931,998 1,966,261 1,951,015 1,969,822 64,397 66,559 65,744 60,831 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1

Rochester

117,533 119,801 118,128 119,374 3,799 3,656 3,693 3,261 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.7

St. Cloud

110,210 112,335 109,936 111,643 4,026 4,122 3,870 3,737 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.3

Mississippi

1,255,374 1,268,377 1,278,144 1,284,363 71,785 63,706 86,965 77,441 5.7 5.0 6.8 6.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,818 162,314 164,673 164,425 9,365 8,535 11,167 10,299 5.8 5.3 6.8 6.3

Hattiesburg

65,711 67,301 66,197 67,834 3,374 3,076 4,047 3,720 5.1 4.6 6.1 5.5

Jackson

263,277 267,492 268,827 270,868 12,346 11,286 15,091 13,854 4.7 4.2 5.6 5.1

Missouri

3,117,600 3,140,967 3,140,540 3,149,511 160,464 132,020 166,493 127,144 5.1 4.2 5.3 4.0

Cape Girardeau

49,517 49,976 49,817 49,738 2,308 2,138 2,516 2,055 4.7 4.3 5.1 4.1

Columbia

100,810 103,249 101,555 103,626 3,509 2,938 3,881 2,836 3.5 2.8 3.8 2.7

Jefferson City

76,557 77,245 77,168 77,057 3,347 2,685 3,549 2,606 4.4 3.5 4.6 3.4

Joplin

87,830 87,549 88,230 87,186 4,026 3,435 4,255 3,234 4.6 3.9 4.8 3.7

Kansas City

1,116,539 1,121,198 1,124,838 1,129,796 54,827 42,905 55,688 45,988 4.9 3.8 5.0 4.1

St. Joseph

66,508 66,223 66,811 66,133 3,072 2,513 3,218 2,377 4.6 3.8 4.8 3.6

St. Louis(2)

1,479,788 1,494,782 1,492,826 1,500,964 73,832 66,995 77,788 62,789 5.0 4.5 5.2 4.2

Springfield

233,866 238,127 234,818 237,127 10,510 8,774 11,073 8,132 4.5 3.7 4.7 3.4

Montana

521,095 520,541 523,271 521,314 20,794 20,382 18,810 18,692 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.6

Billings

87,633 88,617 86,993 88,192 2,722 2,835 2,478 2,676 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0

Great Falls

39,189 38,457 38,943 38,257 1,413 1,383 1,321 1,299 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4

Missoula

61,401 61,402 61,367 61,550 2,341 2,109 2,046 1,918 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.1

Nebraska

1,011,345 1,021,267 1,015,079 1,022,121 28,650 30,658 29,549 28,547 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8

Grand Island

43,401 44,080 43,620 44,159 1,353 1,466 1,381 1,332 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.0

Lincoln

177,669 179,850 176,940 178,386 4,461 4,888 4,596 4,525 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

477,530 481,841 477,879 481,033 14,692 15,371 15,085 14,258 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0

Nevada

1,422,176 1,430,240 1,425,995 1,435,625 98,157 86,769 94,018 89,376 6.9 6.1 6.6 6.2

Carson City

25,156 24,840 25,110 24,964 1,880 1,669 1,754 1,631 7.5 6.7 7.0 6.5

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,046,471 1,051,790 1,047,448 1,054,169 72,015 64,638 69,496 67,056 6.9 6.1 6.6 6.4

Reno

228,955 232,227 229,858 233,117 15,124 12,634 14,233 12,793 6.6 5.4 6.2 5.5

New Hampshire

734,390 743,260 737,911 743,619 25,785 19,661 24,688 19,326 3.5 2.6 3.3 2.6

Dover-Durham

82,083 83,430 82,510 83,811 2,567 1,884 2,601 1,979 3.1 2.3 3.2 2.4

Manchester

114,452 116,702 113,953 115,914 3,885 2,955 3,736 2,947 3.4 2.5 3.3 2.5

Portsmouth

72,098 74,225 73,373 75,112 2,224 1,712 2,134 1,700 3.1 2.3 2.9 2.3

New Jersey

4,528,655 4,560,080 4,552,979 4,562,162 260,113 222,030 262,655 225,534 5.7 4.9 5.8 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

127,889 124,073 129,046 124,513 12,858 9,138 12,337 8,989 10.1 7.4 9.6 7.2

Ocean City

45,556 46,660 49,800 50,779 5,791 5,089 4,874 4,219 12.7 10.9 9.8 8.3

Trenton

197,151 200,760 198,130 201,073 9,598 8,294 9,964 8,696 4.9 4.1 5.0 4.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

68,342 67,163 67,984 67,354 6,103 5,094 5,812 4,872 8.9 7.6 8.5 7.2

New Mexico

918,110 917,299 916,941 915,803 57,116 53,086 58,686 55,075 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.0

Albuquerque

412,732 415,472 411,440 414,546 23,742 21,319 24,576 22,326 5.8 5.1 6.0 5.4

Farmington

55,423 56,199 55,159 55,917 3,543 4,347 3,712 4,529 6.4 7.7 6.7 8.1

Las Cruces

93,236 93,368 94,032 93,510 6,731 6,211 6,901 6,279 7.2 6.7 7.3 6.7

Santa Fe

71,303 71,403 71,720 71,286 3,583 3,192 3,634 3,292 5.0 4.5 5.1 4.6

New York

9,651,340 9,654,837 9,709,479 9,641,256 515,375 442,929 517,567 406,577 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448,897 447,255 451,830 447,752 19,841 18,042 20,300 16,723 4.4 4.0 4.5 3.7

Binghamton

110,781 109,668 111,779 109,873 6,678 5,829 6,539 5,201 6.0 5.3 5.8 4.7

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

546,861 547,969 552,678 552,966 30,539 27,328 30,352 24,343 5.6 5.0 5.5 4.4

Elmira

37,902 37,425 38,273 37,352 2,248 2,093 2,306 1,945 5.9 5.6 6.0 5.2

Glens Falls

59,228 59,923 61,470 60,931 3,376 3,136 3,060 2,588 5.7 5.2 5.0 4.2

Ithaca

57,738 56,974 56,620 56,410 2,208 2,048 2,334 1,934 3.8 3.6 4.1 3.4

Kingston

88,043 89,302 89,238 89,494 4,273 3,801 4,348 3,524 4.9 4.3 4.9 3.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,040,280 10,072,856 10,091,848 10,048,575 535,873 457,514 543,913 440,424 5.3 4.5 5.4 4.4

Rochester

526,281 522,796 529,576 525,011 27,717 24,373 27,808 22,235 5.3 4.7 5.3 4.2

Syracuse

312,901 313,156 313,771 311,089 17,109 14,752 17,226 13,456 5.5 4.7 5.5 4.3

Utica-Rome

131,161 131,417 132,086 131,425 7,690 6,639 7,304 5,790 5.9 5.1 5.5 4.4

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,641 46,340 47,072 47,426 3,326 3,002 2,974 2,445 7.3 6.5 6.3 5.2

North Carolina

4,768,208 4,855,686 4,827,901 4,856,521 260,213 242,365 289,984 229,979 5.5 5.0 6.0 4.7

Asheville

219,182 224,064 222,312 224,453 9,481 8,721 10,736 8,398 4.3 3.9 4.8 3.7

Burlington

77,138 78,742 77,846 78,716 3,826 3,669 4,355 3,497 5.0 4.7 5.6 4.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,231,362 1,265,237 1,249,076 1,263,108 64,824 60,599 71,266 57,431 5.3 4.8 5.7 4.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

281,861 287,558 284,695 288,334 12,987 12,477 15,004 12,098 4.6 4.3 5.3 4.2

Fayetteville

146,509 148,629 148,106 147,717 10,490 9,368 11,518 8,823 7.2 6.3 7.8 6.0

Goldsboro

54,020 55,031 54,427 54,965 3,181 3,011 3,473 2,841 5.9 5.5 6.4 5.2

Greensboro-High Point

366,752 371,676 369,629 369,724 20,537 18,808 22,919 18,026 5.6 5.1 6.2 4.9

Greenville

87,990 87,762 88,854 87,873 4,992 4,733 5,900 4,770 5.7 5.4 6.6 5.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

167,446 168,913 169,372 167,924 9,145 8,166 10,227 7,784 5.5 4.8 6.0 4.6

Jacksonville

64,687 64,702 65,165 64,798 3,609 3,544 4,027 3,287 5.6 5.5 6.2 5.1

New Bern

51,277 52,090 51,718 52,184 3,009 2,682 3,297 2,531 5.9 5.1 6.4 4.9

Raleigh

653,163 674,954 660,100 675,990 29,324 28,542 33,295 27,423 4.5 4.2 5.0 4.1

Rocky Mount

66,725 66,359 67,432 65,963 5,424 5,052 5,854 4,569 8.1 7.6 8.7 6.9

Wilmington

138,820 140,759 142,034 141,357 7,052 6,669 7,862 6,277 5.1 4.7 5.5 4.4

Winston-Salem

319,152 321,320 322,414 321,269 16,283 15,179 18,514 14,573 5.1 4.7 5.7 4.5

North Dakota

413,193 415,295 416,074 419,575 11,622 13,425 10,432 11,853 2.8 3.2 2.5 2.8

Bismarck

66,893 69,397 67,511 70,240 1,793 1,866 1,542 1,722 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.5

Fargo

129,942 135,863 131,085 136,424 3,148 3,338 2,951 3,011 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2

Grand Forks

54,769 55,887 54,786 56,040 1,704 1,750 1,667 1,506 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.7

Ohio

5,678,773 5,780,320 5,736,717 5,815,205 263,032 275,325 277,383 267,896 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.6

Akron

358,663 364,778 361,285 367,183 16,714 17,952 17,078 16,806 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.6

Canton-Massillon

199,891 203,163 201,666 203,774 10,066 11,291 10,370 10,599 5.0 5.6 5.1 5.2

Cincinnati

1,068,915 1,079,787 1,081,204 1,093,927 44,773 45,018 48,422 44,492 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,028,213 1,039,409 1,032,645 1,037,125 49,575 50,345 54,239 52,889 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.1

Columbus

1,030,606 1,051,599 1,041,961 1,062,714 39,894 41,465 42,858 40,767 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.8

Dayton

379,783 386,863 382,221 388,636 17,230 17,357 18,204 16,925 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.4

Lima

47,653 49,270 48,228 49,892 2,197 2,171 2,300 2,210 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.4

Mansfield

53,218 53,387 53,696 53,530 2,845 2,901 2,904 2,681 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.0

Springfield

63,780 65,035 64,497 65,504 2,950 3,187 3,116 3,031 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6

Toledo

300,243 306,260 304,858 311,423 14,383 14,070 15,045 13,575 4.8 4.6 4.9 4.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,821 53,273 53,207 53,209 3,901 4,343 3,963 4,037 7.4 8.2 7.4 7.6

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

251,049 252,266 253,973 253,869 14,285 15,739 14,902 15,262 5.7 6.2 5.9 6.0

Oklahoma

1,835,463 1,852,841 1,846,721 1,841,888 72,223 78,637 82,705 88,216 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.8

Lawton

53,102 53,413 53,305 52,692 2,031 2,247 2,350 2,453 3.8 4.2 4.4 4.7

Oklahoma City

662,583 673,802 666,643 667,564 22,927 24,696 26,241 27,807 3.5 3.7 3.9 4.2

Tulsa

473,043 476,329 476,240 474,809 18,205 20,697 21,070 23,227 3.8 4.3 4.4 4.9

Oregon

1,942,784 2,026,858 1,955,649 2,028,876 108,639 91,070 108,954 86,993 5.6 4.5 5.6 4.3

Albany

54,177 55,756 54,454 55,918 3,693 3,086 3,635 2,929 6.8 5.5 6.7 5.2

Bend-Redmond

82,292 88,143 83,449 88,430 4,873 3,943 4,752 3,694 5.9 4.5 5.7 4.2

Corvallis

45,049 46,557 45,416 46,870 1,734 1,523 1,834 1,576 3.8 3.3 4.0 3.4

Eugene

170,125 175,585 171,237 176,389 9,793 8,163 9,838 7,896 5.8 4.6 5.7 4.5

Grants Pass

32,675 34,028 33,177 34,149 2,529 2,145 2,473 1,964 7.7 6.3 7.5 5.8

Medford

95,838 99,555 97,018 99,993 6,819 5,615 6,642 5,305 7.1 5.6 6.8 5.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,209,406 1,265,092 1,214,772 1,260,446 62,398 55,094 64,200 53,213 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.2

Salem

185,037 193,280 186,734 194,627 10,952 9,021 11,042 8,728 5.9 4.7 5.9 4.5

Pennsylvania

6,386,413 6,480,027 6,462,242 6,536,435 309,175 337,996 354,304 357,228 4.8 5.2 5.5 5.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

427,345 429,082 433,798 434,148 21,541 22,022 24,098 22,919 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.3

Altoona

60,367 61,582 61,669 62,627 2,800 3,150 3,191 3,187 4.6 5.1 5.2 5.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,034 43,666 43,378 43,974 2,081 2,159 2,397 2,393 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,440 79,181 78,080 80,033 3,300 3,799 3,849 4,033 4.3 4.8 4.9 5.0

East Stroudsburg

79,058 80,314 80,908 81,715 4,850 4,943 5,509 5,286 6.1 6.2 6.8 6.5

Erie

134,003 134,537 135,555 135,954 6,749 8,802 7,582 8,993 5.0 6.5 5.6 6.6

Gettysburg

54,557 55,952 55,491 56,323 2,123 2,037 2,397 2,192 3.9 3.6 4.3 3.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

290,573 296,358 295,065 298,711 11,524 12,565 13,330 13,783 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.6

Johnstown

62,353 62,143 63,079 62,365 3,752 4,060 4,190 4,189 6.0 6.5 6.6 6.7

Lancaster

272,558 277,826 277,401 279,747 9,962 10,744 11,827 11,489 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.1

Lebanon

69,570 70,729 70,737 71,375 2,833 2,983 3,319 3,195 4.1 4.2 4.7 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,048,729 3,108,139 3,066,201 3,120,719 155,790 151,103 172,000 159,333 5.1 4.9 5.6 5.1

Pittsburgh

1,205,691 1,216,630 1,221,209 1,227,113 56,931 66,311 65,481 70,174 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.7

Reading

211,597 215,489 214,435 217,345 9,533 10,400 11,110 11,030 4.5 4.8 5.2 5.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

278,192 280,292 280,870 282,130 16,376 17,005 18,049 17,386 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.2

State College

79,492 80,295 75,413 80,317 2,606 3,034 3,242 3,390 3.3 3.8 4.3 4.2

Williamsport

61,160 60,476 61,795 60,308 3,464 4,082 3,834 4,214 5.7 6.7 6.2 7.0

York-Hanover

230,559 235,740 233,989 238,692 10,067 10,328 11,625 11,089 4.4 4.4 5.0 4.6

Rhode Island

550,084 547,158 552,912 548,195 32,442 26,634 33,082 28,789 5.9 4.9 6.0 5.3

Providence-Warwick

676,043 673,258 678,924 673,950 39,538 32,401 40,030 34,017 5.8 4.8 5.9 5.0

South Carolina

2,252,170 2,306,248 2,274,821 2,302,012 129,919 119,926 137,424 111,320 5.8 5.2 6.0 4.8

Charleston-North Charleston

361,654 369,324 365,348 370,051 17,953 16,718 19,258 15,561 5.0 4.5 5.3 4.2

Columbia

393,818 404,430 397,014 403,667 20,647 19,610 22,036 18,358 5.2 4.8 5.6 4.5

Florence

95,506 96,613 96,549 96,485 6,331 5,694 6,613 5,271 6.6 5.9 6.8 5.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

413,778 423,842 417,769 423,531 21,503 19,791 22,786 18,351 5.2 4.7 5.5 4.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

82,895 85,799 84,202 86,297 4,446 4,309 4,665 3,730 5.4 5.0 5.5 4.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

186,497 190,426 190,901 192,528 12,255 11,060 12,910 10,174 6.6 5.8 6.8 5.3

Spartanburg

150,276 154,184 151,312 152,799 8,723 7,803 9,166 7,263 5.8 5.1 6.1 4.8

Sumter

44,423 45,629 44,676 44,903 2,908 2,860 3,103 2,591 6.5 6.3 6.9 5.8

South Dakota

450,319 452,555 453,787 454,717 14,101 11,728 14,280 11,651 3.1 2.6 3.1 2.6

Rapid City

70,520 70,126 71,730 71,146 2,393 2,002 2,433 1,984 3.4 2.9 3.4 2.8

Sioux Falls

142,728 146,287 142,687 146,030 3,729 3,157 3,831 3,133 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.1

Tennessee

3,052,320 3,120,465 3,079,575 3,131,525 164,030 120,423 179,684 119,148 5.4 3.9 5.8 3.8

Chattanooga

252,786 257,595 254,058 257,564 13,098 10,609 14,548 10,256 5.2 4.1 5.7 4.0

Clarksville

108,903 111,394 109,627 111,854 6,043 4,910 6,742 5,033 5.5 4.4 6.1 4.5

Cleveland

55,189 57,484 56,137 58,165 2,866 2,135 3,185 2,162 5.2 3.7 5.7 3.7

Jackson

61,303 62,148 61,989 62,255 3,452 2,521 3,863 2,509 5.6 4.1 6.2 4.0

Johnson City

88,833 89,996 88,723 90,007 4,974 3,717 5,551 3,781 5.6 4.1 6.3 4.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,286 137,931 138,197 138,630 7,288 5,653 7,977 5,832 5.3 4.1 5.8 4.2

Knoxville

403,404 414,068 406,826 416,653 20,313 14,767 22,211 14,736 5.0 3.6 5.5 3.5

Memphis

608,392 618,499 614,585 620,753 36,539 27,314 40,702 28,208 6.0 4.4 6.6 4.5

Morristown

49,762 50,901 50,243 51,259 2,973 2,109 3,246 2,106 6.0 4.1 6.5 4.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

930,174 961,122 938,946 963,686 40,226 29,385 44,512 29,321 4.3 3.1 4.7 3.0

Texas

13,054,103 13,256,609 13,104,878 13,281,151 529,352 560,506 565,656 559,100 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.2

Abilene

75,552 75,766 75,799 75,624 2,663 2,655 2,947 2,755 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.6

Amarillo

130,256 131,956 130,700 132,396 3,565 3,608 4,010 3,695 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.8

Austin-Round Rock

1,064,106 1,095,491 1,069,356 1,099,515 32,364 31,417 35,011 31,715 3.0 2.9 3.3 2.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

175,983 176,172 177,400 176,053 10,810 10,752 11,288 10,699 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

164,727 167,831 165,390 167,825 11,172 11,201 11,378 11,045 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.6

College Station-Bryan

121,797 125,498 122,703 126,422 3,830 3,995 4,248 4,133 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.3

Corpus Christi

207,708 212,998 207,971 212,181 9,750 11,393 10,417 11,252 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,561,537 3,664,236 3,578,828 3,674,674 133,664 128,832 141,375 128,193 3.8 3.5 4.0 3.5

El Paso

343,820 350,567 345,872 351,698 16,603 15,893 17,658 15,929 4.8 4.5 5.1 4.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,249,183 3,269,143 3,254,887 3,264,908 132,984 157,255 142,382 157,241 4.1 4.8 4.4 4.8

Killeen-Temple

168,686 172,429 169,709 172,755 7,214 7,103 7,707 7,085 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.1

Laredo

112,037 114,132 112,457 114,318 4,932 5,268 5,246 5,211 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6

Longview

101,020 101,285 100,858 100,962 4,536 5,500 4,972 5,527 4.5 5.4 4.9 5.5

Lubbock

153,861 157,341 154,305 157,711 4,686 4,759 5,170 4,845 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,647 338,764 335,617 339,132 24,529 24,378 25,495 23,731 7.4 7.2 7.6 7.0

Midland

92,138 90,358 91,531 90,197 2,846 3,857 3,173 3,839 3.1 4.3 3.5 4.3

Odessa

80,703 78,901 79,896 78,474 3,293 4,908 3,621 4,803 4.1 6.2 4.5 6.1

San Angelo

55,669 56,421 55,877 56,606 2,136 2,421 2,337 2,366 3.8 4.3 4.2 4.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,097,065 1,117,484 1,102,652 1,124,904 37,749 37,915 41,132 38,282 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.4

Sherman-Denison

60,291 61,265 60,762 61,444 2,182 2,143 2,332 2,136 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.5

Texarkana

64,574 65,234 64,811 65,123 3,067 2,494 3,207 2,571 4.7 3.8 4.9 3.9

Tyler

102,315 104,140 102,746 104,269 4,202 4,261 4,523 4,291 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.1

Victoria

49,690 50,279 49,768 50,299 1,821 2,428 2,015 2,429 3.7 4.8 4.0 4.8

Waco

118,236 120,271 118,706 120,743 4,345 4,363 4,788 4,454 3.7 3.6 4.0 3.7

Wichita Falls

64,898 64,620 65,136 65,037 2,544 2,637 2,749 2,643 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.1

Utah

1,449,907 1,485,979 1,462,672 1,494,125 48,811 55,880 52,008 56,967 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.8

Logan

66,715 68,050 67,627 68,913 1,854 2,187 1,935 2,281 2.8 3.2 2.9 3.3

Ogden-Clearfield

303,259 312,930 308,323 316,495 10,174 11,408 10,962 11,673 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.7

Provo-Orem

268,862 278,989 268,731 277,471 8,143 9,062 8,788 9,736 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.5

St. George

63,144 66,390 64,116 67,334 2,303 2,645 2,449 2,641 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.9

Salt Lake City

608,167 620,466 614,010 625,649 19,640 22,149 20,833 22,231 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.6

Vermont

340,548 341,363 342,838 343,139 12,810 10,336 11,645 9,562 3.8 3.0 3.4 2.8

Burlington-South Burlington

123,480 124,862 123,905 124,564 3,314 2,607 3,295 2,609 2.7 2.1 2.7 2.1

Virginia

4,251,938 4,204,131 4,282,734 4,217,055 182,646 144,686 199,168 152,850 4.3 3.4 4.7 3.6

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

93,164 91,312 93,145 89,407 3,962 3,272 4,595 3,622 4.3 3.6 4.9 4.1

Charlottesville

118,044 117,514 117,680 117,442 4,322 3,205 4,940 3,635 3.7 2.7 4.2 3.1

Harrisonburg

65,824 63,341 65,128 62,143 2,739 1,998 3,280 2,375 4.2 3.2 5.0 3.8

Lynchburg

123,187 120,837 124,293 120,893 5,708 4,467 6,459 4,889 4.6 3.7 5.2 4.0

Richmond

657,891 662,305 664,041 667,484 29,556 23,323 32,342 24,555 4.5 3.5 4.9 3.7

Roanoke

159,311 157,224 160,474 157,279 6,869 5,195 7,408 5,556 4.3 3.3 4.6 3.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,418 57,190 59,672 57,286 2,434 1,842 2,651 1,962 4.1 3.2 4.4 3.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

841,078 826,861 847,125 829,202 39,945 34,036 43,157 34,587 4.7 4.1 5.1 4.2

Winchester

68,888 69,465 69,400 69,626 2,922 2,191 3,126 2,269 4.2 3.2 4.5 3.3

Washington

3,519,350 3,609,438 3,545,995 3,607,404 182,479 201,300 197,117 197,704 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.5

Bellingham

102,259 105,511 103,237 104,869 5,616 6,395 6,216 6,060 5.5 6.1 6.0 5.8

Bremerton-Silverdale

113,354 117,499 114,832 117,400 6,106 6,811 6,667 6,647 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.7

Kennewick-Richland

128,149 133,132 131,521 133,917 8,378 9,145 9,005 8,494 6.5 6.9 6.8 6.3

Longview

43,747 45,561 44,311 45,304 3,286 3,320 3,511 3,215 7.5 7.3 7.9 7.1

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

56,167 57,984 56,771 57,801 3,524 3,886 3,860 3,698 6.3 6.7 6.8 6.4

Olympia-Tumwater

124,322 129,230 125,408 128,942 7,066 7,615 7,693 7,304 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,971,701 2,012,872 1,973,203 2,011,390 84,064 95,558 91,294 97,502 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

248,047 255,655 250,185 254,686 15,638 16,471 16,648 15,516 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.1

Walla Walla

29,481 30,035 30,349 30,389 1,659 1,696 1,786 1,574 5.6 5.6 5.9 5.2

Wenatchee

59,363 61,147 60,545 62,302 3,466 4,240 3,706 4,029 5.8 6.9 6.1 6.5

Yakima

117,157 121,679 119,270 121,525 9,011 9,946 9,744 9,297 7.7 8.2 8.2 7.7

West Virginia

789,035 778,930 790,471 783,360 55,758 48,548 54,793 45,383 7.1 6.2 6.9 5.8

Beckley

46,970 45,837 47,348 46,373 3,815 3,588 3,692 3,235 8.1 7.8 7.8 7.0

Charleston

99,893 97,132 99,918 97,043 6,754 5,918 6,706 5,427 6.8 6.1 6.7 5.6

Huntington-Ashland

148,943 148,001 149,242 148,890 9,246 8,901 9,461 8,687 6.2 6.0 6.3 5.8

Morgantown

66,516 66,664 66,672 66,766 3,464 3,112 3,531 2,928 5.2 4.7 5.3 4.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

40,003 39,374 40,174 39,470 2,621 2,184 2,609 2,170 6.6 5.5 6.5 5.5

Wheeling

66,495 66,744 67,153 66,697 4,343 5,013 4,425 4,541 6.5 7.5 6.6 6.8

Wisconsin

3,067,126 3,105,415 3,088,630 3,109,874 137,484 134,565 142,000 118,975 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.8

Appleton

127,922 129,782 128,738 129,978 4,954 4,954 5,156 4,354 3.9 3.8 4.0 3.3

Eau Claire

91,224 92,226 92,105 92,177 3,677 3,750 3,723 3,138 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.4

Fond du Lac

56,732 57,493 56,967 57,594 2,265 2,093 2,378 1,923 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.3

Green Bay

168,437 170,376 169,893 170,239 6,946 6,805 7,301 6,143 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.6

Janesville-Beloit

82,783 86,261 82,877 86,270 4,302 3,967 4,364 3,536 5.2 4.6 5.3 4.1

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,389 78,477 77,411 78,122 2,691 2,891 2,994 2,682 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.4

Madison

373,499 380,867 373,425 380,339 12,085 11,569 13,210 11,136 3.2 3.0 3.5 2.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

814,813 824,604 820,879 823,829 39,174 37,973 41,454 34,622 4.8 4.6 5.0 4.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,717 91,879 91,115 91,702 3,802 3,602 4,054 3,299 4.2 3.9 4.4 3.6

Racine

98,601 98,741 99,166 98,670 5,471 5,336 5,531 4,633 5.5 5.4 5.6 4.7

Sheboygan

60,223 61,109 61,131 61,435 2,201 2,242 2,438 2,067 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.4

Wausau

72,757 73,537 73,312 73,906 2,924 2,870 3,029 2,542 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.4

Wyoming

305,074 298,500 305,957 298,657 12,609 17,172 12,417 16,240 4.1 5.8 4.1 5.4

Casper

43,671 41,358 42,753 40,415 2,008 3,121 2,048 3,021 4.6 7.5 4.8 7.5

Cheyenne

49,123 48,236 48,666 47,330 1,726 1,941 1,738 1,885 3.5 4.0 3.6 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,125,808 1,136,779 1,117,784 1,138,642 141,951 129,061 138,011 128,233 12.6 11.4 12.3 11.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,812 90,314 87,436 90,732 14,611 13,440 13,913 13,085 16.5 14.9 15.9 14.4

Arecibo

52,621 53,159 51,896 53,234 8,304 7,393 7,832 7,224 15.8 13.9 15.1 13.6

Guayama

22,615 22,657 22,297 22,764 4,455 3,857 4,389 3,951 19.7 17.0 19.7 17.4

Mayaguez

29,302 29,733 28,929 29,789 4,015 3,793 3,867 3,756 13.7 12.8 13.4 12.6

Ponce

99,522 99,579 98,531 99,739 16,595 15,054 16,188 15,161 16.7 15.1 16.4 15.2

San German

36,514 36,705 36,064 36,900 5,375 5,152 5,227 5,231 14.7 14.0 14.5 14.2

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

750,516 758,768 747,680 758,996 79,868 73,170 77,803 72,360 10.6 9.6 10.4 9.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) April May April May
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,942,424 19,016,818 19,036,611 18,983,886 1,166,325 987,164 1,164,888 898,920 6.2 5.2 6.1 4.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,613,033 6,614,805 6,622,481 6,593,787 408,214 296,329 412,989 270,756 6.2 4.5 6.2 4.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,590,764 1,602,786 1,594,399 1,602,978 68,001 61,745 69,098 57,143 4.3 3.9 4.3 3.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,022,269 5,012,019 5,028,082 4,990,809 340,213 234,584 343,891 213,613 6.8 4.7 6.8 4.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,490,894 2,514,240 2,504,339 2,507,509 102,267 92,037 103,829 84,795 4.1 3.7 4.1 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,369,128 1,374,746 1,376,344 1,372,806 63,996 57,535 65,054 53,196 4.7 4.2 4.7 3.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

981,325 997,811 986,604 993,003 33,508 30,143 33,980 27,629 3.4 3.0 3.4 2.8

San Rafael

140,441 141,683 141,391 141,700 4,763 4,359 4,795 3,970 3.4 3.1 3.4 2.8

District of Columbia

384,502 395,998 384,242 393,184 24,937 21,767 25,361 20,413 6.5 5.5 6.6 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,277,033 3,284,963 3,296,795 3,283,169 138,714 115,851 149,907 116,860 4.2 3.5 4.5 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

674,093 673,990 677,664 670,989 25,745 22,728 28,640 22,451 3.8 3.4 4.2 3.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,602,940 2,610,973 2,619,131 2,612,180 112,969 93,123 121,267 94,409 4.3 3.6 4.6 3.6

Florida

9,646,945 9,708,395 9,756,834 9,746,739 501,676 441,291 538,880 424,095 5.2 4.5 5.5 4.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,010,181 3,011,350 3,040,504 3,013,773 162,530 144,519 172,099 139,716 5.4 4.8 5.7 4.6

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

983,971 999,998 998,658 1,005,374 48,144 42,614 51,857 40,843 4.9 4.3 5.2 4.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,335,425 1,317,021 1,343,860 1,311,975 82,299 71,721 84,825 69,772 6.2 5.4 6.3 5.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

690,785 694,331 697,986 696,424 32,087 30,184 35,417 29,101 4.6 4.3 5.1 4.2

Illinois

6,461,911 6,607,497 6,520,791 6,592,749 352,068 410,252 373,226 368,590 5.4 6.2 5.7 5.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,851,770 4,982,567 4,896,443 4,968,356 271,704 307,619 284,763 269,204 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,753,389 3,856,099 3,779,951 3,836,125 214,887 241,682 223,585 209,219 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.5

Elgin

317,440 322,772 321,746 324,156 15,526 18,716 16,715 17,321 4.9 5.8 5.2 5.3

Gary(3)

335,511 345,700 340,368 347,178 20,426 22,498 22,234 19,982 6.1 6.5 6.5 5.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

445,430 457,996 454,378 460,897 20,865 24,723 22,229 22,682 4.7 5.4 4.9 4.9

Massachusetts

3,550,470 3,581,833 3,560,302 3,573,205 167,345 137,898 174,161 135,396 4.7 3.8 4.9 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,614,352 2,644,922 2,616,257 2,632,941 110,771 91,249 116,887 91,266 4.2 3.4 4.5 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,547,824 1,565,322 1,547,614 1,556,894 61,495 50,776 66,267 51,531 4.0 3.2 4.3 3.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,687 106,726 104,446 105,601 5,487 4,643 5,733 4,556 5.2 4.4 5.5 4.3

Framingham

154,101 155,285 154,292 154,749 5,805 4,820 6,128 4,773 3.8 3.1 4.0 3.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

111,254 113,960 112,477 114,178 4,977 3,907 4,873 3,820 4.5 3.4 4.3 3.3

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,257 95,452 94,707 94,851 5,975 4,914 6,151 4,739 6.3 5.1 6.5 5.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

181,578 183,475 182,026 183,420 8,737 7,233 9,075 7,152 4.8 3.9 5.0 3.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,480 82,813 82,688 82,682 3,828 3,191 4,086 3,212 4.6 3.9 4.9 3.9

Nashua(2)

166,888 168,833 166,863 168,333 6,388 4,974 6,161 4,900 3.8 2.9 3.7 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,807 90,245 89,534 89,924 3,880 3,250 4,100 3,232 4.3 3.6 4.6 3.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,476 82,811 81,610 82,309 4,199 3,541 4,313 3,351 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.1

Michigan

4,699,774 4,810,970 4,803,409 4,860,674 238,400 205,805 284,564 218,019 5.1 4.3 5.9 4.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,964,019 2,023,968 2,009,816 2,055,151 107,385 91,243 133,795 99,791 5.5 4.5 6.7 4.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

738,120 758,192 753,353 767,689 47,193 40,000 58,452 43,801 6.4 5.3 7.8 5.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,225,899 1,265,777 1,256,463 1,287,462 60,192 51,243 75,343 55,990 4.9 4.0 6.0 4.3

New York

9,651,340 9,654,837 9,709,479 9,641,256 515,375 442,929 517,567 406,577 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,040,280 10,072,856 10,091,848 10,048,575 535,873 457,514 543,913 440,424 5.3 4.5 5.4 4.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,105 196,104 194,856 196,675 8,517 7,671 8,955 7,345 4.4 3.9 4.6 3.7

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,460,101 1,477,139 1,479,397 1,484,406 64,868 57,981 67,493 54,898 4.4 3.9 4.6 3.7

Newark(3)

1,260,501 1,266,768 1,264,949 1,264,166 69,817 61,050 71,214 62,176 5.5 4.8 5.6 4.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,126,573 7,132,845 7,152,646 7,103,328 392,671 330,812 396,251 316,005 5.5 4.6 5.5 4.4

Pennsylvania

6,386,413 6,480,027 6,462,242 6,536,435 309,175 337,996 354,304 357,228 4.8 5.2 5.5 5.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,048,729 3,108,139 3,066,201 3,120,719 155,790 151,103 172,000 159,333 5.1 4.9 5.6 5.1

Camden(3)

637,508 643,490 638,800 644,228 37,549 31,098 38,146 32,052 5.9 4.8 6.0 5.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,048,585 1,072,995 1,060,919 1,081,808 40,342 43,151 46,971 46,114 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.3

Philadelphia

986,493 1,003,085 992,208 1,009,444 59,327 60,672 68,444 65,141 6.0 6.0 6.9 6.5

Wilmington(3)

376,143 388,569 374,274 385,239 18,572 16,182 18,439 16,026 4.9 4.2 4.9 4.2

Texas

13,054,103 13,256,609 13,104,878 13,281,151 529,352 560,506 565,656 559,100 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,561,537 3,664,236 3,578,828 3,674,674 133,664 128,832 141,375 128,193 3.8 3.5 4.0 3.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,381,141 2,465,715 2,391,745 2,473,867 88,211 84,247 93,173 84,164 3.7 3.4 3.9 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,180,396 1,198,521 1,187,083 1,200,807 45,453 44,585 48,202 44,029 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.7

Washington

3,519,350 3,609,438 3,545,995 3,607,404 182,479 201,300 197,117 197,704 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,971,701 2,012,872 1,973,203 2,011,390 84,064 95,558 91,294 97,502 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,585,299 1,610,045 1,582,295 1,610,185 59,866 70,216 65,129 73,157 3.8 4.4 4.1 4.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

386,402 402,827 390,908 401,205 24,198 25,342 26,165 24,345 6.3 6.3 6.7 6.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area April May Change from
May 2015 to May 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,945.9 1,972.1 1,956.3 1,976.3 20.0 1.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.3 46.4 46.7 46.2 -0.5 -1.1

Auburn-Opelika

61.0 62.7 60.9 62.3 1.4 2.3

Birmingham-Hoover

514.2 519.8 517.5 522.8 5.3 1.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

70.2 72.6 71.7 73.8 2.1 2.9

Decatur

53.7 53.9 54.1 54.1 0.0 0.0

Dothan

57.7 57.8 57.5 57.7 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.4 57.1 56.6 57.4 0.8 1.4

Gadsden

37.3 38.5 37.6 38.6 1.0 2.7

Huntsville

219.1 222.5 220.5 223.2 2.7 1.2

Mobile

177.6 179.6 177.6 179.4 1.8 1.0

Montgomery

169.5 171.3 171.2 172.0 0.8 0.5

Tuscaloosa

104.7 106.2 104.8 106.3 1.5 1.4


Alaska

333.2 331.4 345.4 343.4 -2.0 -0.6

Anchorage

179.5 178.9 183.8 184.2 0.4 0.2

Fairbanks

38.3 37.7 40.0 39.2 -0.8 -2.0


Arizona

2,637.1 2,717.8 2,627.7 2,698.4 70.7 2.7

Flagstaff

65.6 66.6 65.8 66.0 0.2 0.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.5 48.0 47.9 48.6 0.7 1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,909.3 1,977.5 1,902.1 1,960.8 58.7 3.1

Prescott

61.6 64.0 61.4 63.4 2.0 3.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.7 34.3 34.6 34.2 -0.4 -1.2

Tucson

370.4 382.1 368.0 380.7 12.7 3.5

Yuma

53.4 54.3 52.7 53.4 0.7 1.3


Arkansas

1,206.7 1,232.7 1,213.5 1,235.4 21.9 1.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

233.7 243.8 235.3 244.7 9.4 4.0

Fort Smith

113.6 113.6 114.6 114.6 0.0 0.0

Hot Springs

37.9 38.9 38.0 38.8 0.8 2.1

Jonesboro

53.9 55.8 54.2 55.8 1.6 3.0

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

349.8 355.1 351.3 358.2 6.9 2.0

Pine Bluff

34.1 33.9 34.1 33.7 -0.4 -1.2


California

15,938.4 16,401.2 16,017.8 16,461.7 443.9 2.8

Bakersfield

257.8 263.5 259.2 263.2 4.0 1.5

Chico

77.8 79.6 78.7 80.0 1.3 1.7

El Centro

51.2 53.7 51.8 53.9 2.1 4.1

Fresno

322.1 334.1 324.3 335.1 10.8 3.3

Hanford-Corcoran

37.8 38.4 38.5 39.0 0.5 1.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,787.7 5,940.2 5,802.3 5,956.8 154.5 2.7

Madera

34.9 37.5 35.6 38.0 2.4 6.7

Merced

62.6 64.8 63.0 65.1 2.1 3.3

Modesto

164.7 170.6 165.1 171.5 6.4 3.9

Napa

69.9 72.2 70.7 73.1 2.4 3.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

294.3 298.3 295.7 299.4 3.7 1.3

Redding

63.0 64.1 63.9 65.0 1.1 1.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,337.1 1,380.5 1,340.9 1,384.5 43.6 3.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

909.9 930.3 914.7 932.7 18.0 2.0

Salinas

131.7 136.2 133.1 136.7 3.6 2.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,375.1 1,412.3 1,384.9 1,417.1 32.2 2.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,238.9 2,308.4 2,251.0 2,315.8 64.8 2.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,031.4 1,072.1 1,038.8 1,077.7 38.9 3.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.2 117.7 115.6 118.8 3.2 2.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

98.8 100.6 99.5 102.2 2.7 2.7

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.5 185.0 181.2 185.8 4.6 2.5

Santa Rosa

196.2 201.0 197.6 201.2 3.6 1.8

Stockton-Lodi

214.6 224.2 216.2 226.3 10.1 4.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

131.0 135.2 131.7 135.8 4.1 3.1

Visalia-Porterville

117.8 120.3 118.5 122.0 3.5 3.0

Yuba City

40.5 41.8 41.0 42.3 1.3 3.2


Colorado

2,521.8 2,585.3 2,530.3 2,592.8 62.5 2.5

Boulder

179.7 182.9 180.4 185.7 5.3 2.9

Colorado Springs

268.6 276.1 272.2 279.4 7.2 2.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,383.7 1,426.6 1,395.0 1,437.8 42.8 3.1

Fort Collins

153.6 158.7 156.3 161.1 4.8 3.1

Grand Junction

61.3 61.3 61.9 62.2 0.3 0.5

Greeley

101.3 102.0 101.0 102.8 1.8 1.8

Pueblo

60.9 61.8 61.5 62.5 1.0 1.6


Connecticut

1,668.5 1,685.7 1,687.7 1,697.9 10.2 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

406.0 411.4 411.4 414.9 3.5 0.9

Danbury

78.4 78.6 79.4 79.3 -0.1 -0.1

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

568.4 574.9 570.8 576.3 5.5 1.0

New Haven

280.6 281.8 282.1 282.2 0.1 0.0

Norwich-New London-Westerly

125.8 129.0 128.8 129.7 0.9 0.7

Waterbury

66.1 66.7 67.0 67.8 0.8 1.2


Delaware

442.5 458.5 451.0 462.5 11.5 2.5

Dover

67.8 69.8 68.6 69.8 1.2 1.7

Salisbury(1)

148.9 155.5 158.1 162.1 4.0 2.5


District of Columbia

767.3 779.3 770.0 781.0 11.0 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,160.6 3,231.7 3,185.4 3,247.3 61.9 1.9


Florida

8,088.6 8,357.4 8,093.5 8,354.1 260.6 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

247.3 259.1 244.6 254.7 10.1 4.1

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

107.7 108.6 109.2 110.0 0.8 0.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

189.1 195.6 189.0 196.0 7.0 3.7

Gainesville

134.8 138.7 133.7 136.0 2.3 1.7

Homosassa Springs

32.9 33.2 32.9 33.1 0.2 0.6

Jacksonville

645.4 668.1 647.7 670.9 23.2 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

207.5 213.8 208.1 213.2 5.1 2.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,502.1 2,570.1 2,505.0 2,569.5 64.5 2.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

137.3 140.3 135.5 138.6 3.1 2.3

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

284.3 290.8 284.4 291.2 6.8 2.4

Ocala

97.4 99.4 97.4 99.4 2.0 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,150.1 1,201.2 1,155.8 1,204.0 48.2 4.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

201.6 203.4 202.2 203.6 1.4 0.7

Panama City

83.0 83.3 83.2 84.0 0.8 1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

168.1 169.7 168.5 169.6 1.1 0.7

Port St. Lucie

138.2 141.8 137.6 141.0 3.4 2.5

Punta Gorda

46.3 47.2 46.0 46.8 0.8 1.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

48.7 50.2 48.6 49.8 1.2 2.5

Sebring

24.8 25.8 24.8 25.7 0.9 3.6

Tallahassee

174.7 177.5 170.9 175.1 4.2 2.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,247.7 1,291.2 1,248.8 1,294.9 46.1 3.7

The Villages

26.3 27.1 26.2 26.9 0.7 2.7


Georgia

4,241.8 4,379.5 4,267.2 4,391.8 124.6 2.9

Albany

61.1 62.3 60.6 62.3 1.7 2.8

Athens-Clarke County

90.4 94.5 90.2 94.2 4.0 4.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,563.4 2,645.0 2,585.2 2,661.8 76.6 3.0

Augusta-Richmond County

231.1 232.9 227.9 229.8 1.9 0.8

Brunswick

41.9 43.3 42.2 43.5 1.3 3.1

Columbus

121.6 122.4 122.0 123.2 1.2 1.0

Dalton

67.3 68.8 67.8 69.0 1.2 1.8

Gainesville

82.7 86.3 83.9 86.8 2.9 3.5

Hinesville

19.8 19.8 19.9 19.8 -0.1 -0.5

Macon

101.2 103.8 101.9 104.3 2.4 2.4

Rome

40.2 40.7 40.2 40.8 0.6 1.5

Savannah

170.6 177.0 172.1 177.8 5.7 3.3

Valdosta

55.3 56.4 55.5 56.4 0.9 1.6

Warner Robins

70.8 71.3 71.0 71.8 0.8 1.1


Hawaii

634.9 647.7 637.0 649.8 12.8 2.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

72.6 75.2 73.1 75.3 2.2 3.0

Urban Honolulu

467.2 474.0 468.9 475.6 6.7 1.4


Idaho

666.9 690.6 675.9 697.4 21.5 3.2

Boise City

290.2 301.5 293.3 301.5 8.2 2.8

Coeur d'Alene

58.9 60.8 60.2 62.0 1.8 3.0

Idaho Falls

61.2 63.3 62.2 64.3 2.1 3.4

Lewiston

27.5 28.5 28.0 28.7 0.7 2.5

Pocatello

35.4 36.2 35.9 36.8 0.9 2.5


Illinois

5,935.4 5,987.3 6,001.9 6,035.4 33.5 0.6

Bloomington

96.9 94.2 97.0 94.2 -2.8 -2.9

Carbondale-Marion

59.0 57.9 57.3 56.4 -0.9 -1.6

Champaign-Urbana

110.8 111.7 110.5 110.7 0.2 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,550.1 4,620.9 4,611.2 4,672.7 61.5 1.3

Danville

29.4 29.6 29.7 29.3 -0.4 -1.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

183.5 181.0 185.5 182.8 -2.7 -1.5

Decatur

51.2 50.8 51.7 51.4 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

44.9 44.8 45.1 44.6 -0.5 -1.1

Peoria

178.5 177.4 180.4 178.3 -2.1 -1.2

Rockford

150.7 153.9 153.4 155.8 2.4 1.6

Springfield

112.7 114.3 113.7 114.7 1.0 0.9


Indiana

3,030.4 3,077.9 3,057.5 3,091.6 34.1 1.1

Bloomington

76.5 76.5 73.8 73.4 -0.4 -0.5

Columbus

51.0 53.0 51.6 53.0 1.4 2.7

Elkhart-Goshen

126.9 125.7 128.8 127.7 -1.1 -0.9

Evansville

157.6 157.2 159.0 156.8 -2.2 -1.4

Fort Wayne

216.7 222.5 219.3 224.1 4.8 2.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,011.5 1,029.8 1,023.2 1,038.0 14.8 1.4

Kokomo

39.8 40.7 40.5 41.1 0.6 1.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

102.5 104.7 100.9 103.1 2.2 2.2

Michigan City-La Porte

41.6 41.1 42.5 41.6 -0.9 -2.1

Muncie

51.7 52.0 50.8 50.9 0.1 0.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

138.0 141.3 140.1 142.3 2.2 1.6

Terre Haute

70.9 70.8 71.1 70.8 -0.3 -0.4


Iowa

1,564.4 1,586.8 1,578.9 1,597.5 18.6 1.2

Ames

54.0 54.7 53.2 53.7 0.5 0.9

Cedar Rapids

142.9 144.4 143.8 145.4 1.6 1.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

346.2 352.2 352.8 357.6 4.8 1.4

Dubuque

60.1 60.3 60.9 61.1 0.2 0.3

Iowa City

99.3 100.4 98.8 99.9 1.1 1.1

Sioux City

87.3 88.4 88.5 89.2 0.7 0.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.0 91.5 92.3 91.5 -0.8 -0.9


Kansas

1,403.9 1,400.9 1,411.4 1,406.4 -5.0 -0.4

Lawrence

54.2 54.2 53.0 52.9 -0.1 -0.2

Manhattan

45.1 46.6 43.7 45.5 1.8 4.1

Topeka

111.4 110.7 112.2 111.0 -1.2 -1.1

Wichita

297.1 299.5 297.8 301.5 3.7 1.2


Kentucky

1,875.6 1,910.2 1,892.7 1,917.0 24.3 1.3

Bowling Green

72.5 74.0 73.1 74.2 1.1 1.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

55.3 57.4 55.7 57.9 2.2 3.9

Lexington-Fayette

269.5 276.1 270.9 275.4 4.5 1.7

Louisville/Jefferson County

635.9 657.3 645.6 659.2 13.6 2.1

Owensboro

52.7 53.9 53.2 54.3 1.1 2.1


Louisiana

1,995.0 1,980.4 1,999.4 1,979.8 -19.6 -1.0

Alexandria

64.2 64.5 64.2 64.3 0.1 0.2

Baton Rouge

402.4 413.8 405.4 411.0 5.6 1.4

Hammond

43.8 43.8 44.0 44.0 0.0 0.0

Houma-Thibodaux

97.8 93.2 98.0 93.5 -4.5 -4.6

Lafayette

216.0 208.1 216.1 208.0 -8.1 -3.7

Lake Charles

101.7 104.9 101.7 105.0 3.3 3.2

Monroe

78.9 79.5 79.3 79.9 0.6 0.8

New Orleans-Metairie

577.1 574.9 578.2 576.6 -1.6 -0.3

Shreveport-Bossier City

185.0 181.9 184.6 182.7 -1.9 -1.0


Maine

597.7 598.3 613.5 612.6 -0.9 -0.1

Bangor

66.1 65.7 66.1 66.0 -0.1 -0.2

Lewiston-Auburn

50.1 50.7 50.6 51.3 0.7 1.4

Portland-South Portland

193.4 194.9 199.0 199.3 0.3 0.2


Maryland

2,651.1 2,708.9 2,681.6 2,729.0 47.4 1.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,362.1 1,393.5 1,375.8 1,405.2 29.4 2.1

California-Lexington Park

44.7 45.0 45.0 45.2 0.2 0.4

Cumberland

39.7 39.2 40.0 39.5 -0.5 -1.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.3 105.1 105.3 106.2 0.9 0.9


Massachusetts

3,475.2 3,542.3 3,519.6 3,567.5 47.9 1.4

Barnstable Town

98.5 102.1 105.3 107.1 1.8 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,638.9 2,684.7 2,665.8 2,697.6 31.8 1.2

Leominster-Gardner

50.8 51.5 51.5 51.9 0.4 0.8

New Bedford

66.6 67.5 67.6 67.8 0.2 0.3

Pittsfield

41.0 41.8 42.0 42.9 0.9 2.1

Springfield

330.0 332.2 332.3 332.8 0.5 0.2

Worcester

278.9 282.2 281.6 285.1 3.5 1.2


Michigan

4,208.7 4,307.4 4,279.0 4,361.8 82.8 1.9

Ann Arbor

214.0 225.2 214.2 224.9 10.7 5.0

Battle Creek

58.5 59.1 59.5 60.0 0.5 0.8

Bay City

36.2 36.4 36.4 36.5 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,919.7 1,960.3 1,952.4 1,987.7 35.3 1.8

Flint

138.5 139.6 140.9 141.5 0.6 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

522.5 536.7 529.8 543.9 14.1 2.7

Jackson

56.0 55.0 57.1 55.8 -1.3 -2.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

142.8 146.5 142.7 146.2 3.5 2.5

Lansing-East Lansing

226.8 231.1 228.5 227.6 -0.9 -0.4

Midland

37.9 37.9 38.8 38.4 -0.4 -1.0

Monroe

42.0 43.5 42.6 44.0 1.4 3.3

Muskegon

63.3 64.8 64.8 66.2 1.4 2.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.8 62.2 62.4 63.3 0.9 1.4

Saginaw

86.5 89.3 87.1 89.7 2.6 3.0


Minnesota

2,843.6 2,873.6 2,881.0 2,908.9 27.9 1.0

Duluth

135.1 132.8 136.6 134.8 -1.8 -1.3

Mankato-North Mankato

56.0 56.7 55.9 56.5 0.6 1.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,921.1 1,949.2 1,944.6 1,973.0 28.4 1.5

Rochester

115.0 117.2 116.5 118.3 1.8 1.5

St. Cloud

107.3 109.0 107.9 109.3 1.4 1.3


Mississippi

1,135.6 1,148.1 1,139.9 1,146.9 7.0 0.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.1 154.1 154.7 154.5 -0.2 -0.1

Hattiesburg

62.6 64.0 62.2 63.9 1.7 2.7

Jackson

275.1 278.6 277.5 279.6 2.1 0.8


Missouri

2,797.0 2,824.5 2,817.2 2,837.5 20.3 0.7

Cape Girardeau

44.4 44.8 44.6 44.9 0.3 0.7

Columbia

98.9 102.3 99.6 102.8 3.2 3.2

Jefferson City

76.1 77.0 76.7 77.3 0.6 0.8

Joplin

80.9 80.9 81.3 80.9 -0.4 -0.5

Kansas City

1,040.0 1,052.5 1,048.9 1,063.3 14.4 1.4

St. Joseph

62.9 62.9 63.5 63.2 -0.3 -0.5

St. Louis(2)

1,344.7 1,369.9 1,356.6 1,382.1 25.5 1.9

Springfield

207.8 213.5 208.6 213.5 4.9 2.3


Montana

458.5 461.5 464.4 467.0 2.6 0.6

Billings

84.0 85.7 84.7 86.5 1.8 2.1

Great Falls

36.4 36.0 36.7 36.3 -0.4 -1.1

Missoula

58.9 59.8 59.9 60.8 0.9 1.5


Nebraska

1,004.0 1,018.6 1,013.2 1,027.8 14.6 1.4

Grand Island

41.8 42.3 42.1 42.8 0.7 1.7

Lincoln

185.7 188.0 186.1 188.8 2.7 1.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

490.9 495.8 494.8 501.8 7.0 1.4


Nevada

1,253.6 1,283.0 1,260.4 1,285.8 25.4 2.0

Carson City

28.2 28.1 28.2 28.3 0.1 0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

915.5 936.4 919.1 938.7 19.6 2.1

Reno

208.6 216.5 210.1 217.3 7.2 3.4


New Hampshire

649.2 659.3 660.0 665.7 5.7 0.9

Dover-Durham

52.8 53.5 53.2 54.0 0.8 1.5

Manchester

107.8 110.5 108.5 111.0 2.5 2.3

Portsmouth

86.2 89.4 89.4 91.8 2.4 2.7


New Jersey

3,993.8 4,053.9 4,049.5 4,095.3 45.8 1.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

128.0 128.2 130.9 130.1 -0.8 -0.6

Ocean City

38.0 40.5 44.6 46.9 2.3 5.2

Trenton

256.5 264.4 259.2 266.6 7.4 2.9

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.4 57.9 58.1 58.2 0.1 0.2


New Mexico

829.1 830.9 830.9 833.8 2.9 0.3

Albuquerque

380.8 384.9 381.6 387.1 5.5 1.4

Farmington

51.8 51.7 51.9 51.8 -0.1 -0.2

Las Cruces

71.6 71.9 71.5 72.1 0.6 0.8

Santa Fe

62.4 63.0 63.2 63.3 0.1 0.2


New York

9,206.8 9,331.9 9,300.8 9,382.6 81.8 0.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

458.2 457.1 462.4 459.1 -3.3 -0.7

Binghamton

103.8 103.1 105.1 104.1 -1.0 -1.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

552.1 555.4 560.1 563.5 3.4 0.6

Elmira

38.6 38.1 39.0 38.2 -0.8 -2.1

Glens Falls

52.7 53.8 56.1 56.1 0.0 0.0

Ithaca

73.8 72.5 72.4 72.1 -0.3 -0.4

Kingston

60.6 61.7 61.6 62.0 0.4 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,285.8 9,470.4 9,377.2 9,521.0 143.8 1.5

Rochester

527.0 524.5 532.3 531.1 -1.2 -0.2

Syracuse

317.3 318.9 318.8 318.4 -0.4 -0.1

Utica-Rome

125.7 126.6 127.4 128.1 0.7 0.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

41.2 42.2 43.4 44.0 0.6 1.4


North Carolina

4,227.7 4,322.9 4,266.8 4,340.2 73.4 1.7

Asheville

181.9 185.5 183.7 186.6 2.9 1.6

Burlington

59.2 60.3 59.4 60.8 1.4 2.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,097.5 1,129.6 1,109.9 1,132.1 22.2 2.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

296.8 301.6 297.9 303.1 5.2 1.7

Fayetteville

127.8 130.1 128.7 130.0 1.3 1.0

Goldsboro

42.1 42.8 42.6 42.9 0.3 0.7

Greensboro-High Point

356.4 361.7 357.5 361.0 3.5 1.0

Greenville

78.4 78.1 78.5 78.3 -0.2 -0.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

146.4 148.0 147.4 147.3 -0.1 -0.1

Jacksonville

49.6 49.4 49.9 49.9 0.0 0.0

New Bern

43.9 44.8 44.2 45.1 0.9 2.0

Raleigh

576.5 596.4 580.1 599.2 19.1 3.3

Rocky Mount

56.4 55.8 57.0 56.1 -0.9 -1.6

Wilmington

119.1 120.5 121.6 121.5 -0.1 -0.1

Winston-Salem

257.8 258.9 259.1 259.9 0.8 0.3


North Dakota

455.3 437.7 459.6 443.0 -16.6 -3.6

Bismarck

74.5 74.1 75.3 75.3 0.0 0.0

Fargo

138.6 140.9 140.2 142.0 1.8 1.3

Grand Forks

56.9 56.5 57.2 57.0 -0.2 -0.3


Ohio

5,402.8 5,469.5 5,472.1 5,539.1 67.0 1.2

Akron

338.7 343.5 341.3 346.5 5.2 1.5

Canton-Massillon

172.2 173.0 174.1 174.5 0.4 0.2

Cincinnati

1,057.6 1,070.5 1,070.5 1,084.7 14.2 1.3

Cleveland-Elyria

1,040.5 1,049.7 1,055.5 1,066.2 10.7 1.0

Columbus

1,034.0 1,052.2 1,045.1 1,065.1 20.0 1.9

Dayton

377.9 384.7 380.5 387.0 6.5 1.7

Lima

52.1 53.8 52.8 54.6 1.8 3.4

Mansfield

52.1 52.0 52.8 52.4 -0.4 -0.8

Springfield

50.6 51.1 51.3 52.0 0.7 1.4

Toledo

304.4 310.4 309.6 316.9 7.3 2.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.5 43.7 43.9 44.0 0.1 0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.9 225.1 228.8 227.3 -1.5 -0.7


Oklahoma

1,671.4 1,671.4 1,675.3 1,674.8 -0.5 0.0

Lawton

46.6 46.8 46.7 46.4 -0.3 -0.6

Oklahoma City

629.4 636.3 631.0 638.0 7.0 1.1

Tulsa

447.0 445.5 447.5 449.3 1.8 0.4


Oregon

1,766.9 1,826.3 1,780.6 1,840.2 59.6 3.3

Albany

41.5 42.3 42.3 42.9 0.6 1.4

Bend-Redmond

72.7 77.0 74.0 77.9 3.9 5.3

Corvallis

41.2 41.9 41.9 42.2 0.3 0.7

Eugene

151.8 153.9 153.1 155.8 2.7 1.8

Grants Pass

24.7 25.4 25.0 25.6 0.6 2.4

Medford

80.7 82.6 81.7 83.5 1.8 2.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,104.9 1,138.7 1,110.2 1,140.6 30.4 2.7

Salem

154.6 159.7 155.8 161.3 5.5 3.5


Pennsylvania

5,834.6 5,895.8 5,878.8 5,916.8 38.0 0.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

355.9 357.8 361.2 361.1 -0.1 0.0

Altoona

60.9 61.9 62.0 62.8 0.8 1.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.4 43.0 42.4 42.9 0.5 1.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.6 61.6 60.4 61.9 1.5 2.5

East Stroudsburg

54.8 56.0 56.3 56.9 0.6 1.1

Erie

130.3 128.8 131.4 129.8 -1.6 -1.2

Gettysburg

34.1 35.0 34.4 34.9 0.5 1.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

332.3 338.7 336.3 338.9 2.6 0.8

Johnstown

57.2 56.6 57.6 56.4 -1.2 -2.1

Lancaster

243.7 247.3 246.1 247.7 1.6 0.7

Lebanon

51.1 51.6 51.4 51.8 0.4 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,818.6 2,885.4 2,838.3 2,896.9 58.6 2.1

Pittsburgh

1,162.0 1,166.8 1,173.9 1,169.7 -4.2 -0.4

Reading

176.2 178.5 177.1 179.0 1.9 1.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

258.2 260.4 260.2 261.2 1.0 0.4

State College

78.5 78.9 73.4 78.3 4.9 6.7

Williamsport

56.0 54.7 56.4 54.2 -2.2 -3.9

York-Hanover

180.3 185.1 182.4 186.6 4.2 2.3


Rhode Island

482.8 486.7 492.0 492.1 0.1 0.0

Providence-Warwick

573.5 578.5 583.2 585.1 1.9 0.3


South Carolina

1,996.8 2,050.1 2,015.1 2,060.5 45.4 2.3

Charleston-North Charleston

332.1 339.2 335.3 342.8 7.5 2.2

Columbia

382.3 392.2 384.6 394.2 9.6 2.5

Florence

86.5 87.6 87.1 88.0 0.9 1.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

397.7 407.8 401.4 411.0 9.6 2.4

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

74.3 76.9 75.5 78.1 2.6 3.4

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

157.1 161.1 161.0 164.4 3.4 2.1

Spartanburg

141.4 145.7 142.2 145.2 3.0 2.1

Sumter

38.8 39.9 39.0 39.5 0.5 1.3


South Dakota

425.4 428.5 433.4 438.6 5.2 1.2

Rapid City

65.2 65.0 67.4 67.3 -0.1 -0.1

Sioux Falls

148.8 153.0 151.0 156.2 5.2 3.4


Tennessee

2,878.5 2,958.3 2,889.1 2,954.6 65.5 2.3

Chattanooga

245.1 250.0 245.2 249.9 4.7 1.9

Clarksville

88.8 91.0 89.0 91.1 2.1 2.4

Cleveland

45.7 47.6 46.3 48.2 1.9 4.1

Jackson

66.2 67.2 66.3 66.8 0.5 0.8

Johnson City

79.0 80.1 78.2 79.7 1.5 1.9

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.8 122.8 121.1 123.0 1.9 1.6

Knoxville

384.2 394.6 386.0 396.1 10.1 2.6

Memphis

622.1 633.9 624.0 634.2 10.2 1.6

Morristown

44.9 46.3 45.0 46.3 1.3 2.9

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

905.5 935.1 911.4 936.0 24.6 2.7


Texas

11,794.4 11,985.5 11,840.4 12,009.8 169.4 1.4

Abilene

68.5 69.3 68.8 69.0 0.2 0.3

Amarillo

118.2 120.7 118.4 120.9 2.5 2.1

Austin-Round Rock

951.0 988.7 956.7 994.0 37.3 3.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

166.2 167.6 167.7 167.4 -0.3 -0.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

139.1 143.1 140.0 143.2 3.2 2.3

College Station-Bryan

109.5 113.9 110.5 114.6 4.1 3.7

Corpus Christi

193.5 198.7 193.8 197.9 4.1 2.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,367.6 3,498.3 3,389.8 3,515.1 125.3 3.7

El Paso

301.1 310.0 303.0 311.3 8.3 2.7

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,983.5 2,995.1 2,990.0 2,995.1 5.1 0.2

Killeen-Temple

137.5 141.9 138.7 142.4 3.7 2.7

Laredo

100.5 102.8 101.2 103.4 2.2 2.2

Longview

100.6 100.3 100.2 100.0 -0.2 -0.2

Lubbock

140.1 144.5 140.1 144.7 4.6 3.3

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

248.4 255.7 250.2 256.3 6.1 2.4

Midland

93.5 90.9 92.7 90.8 -1.9 -2.0

Odessa

76.5 72.9 75.3 72.9 -2.4 -3.2

San Angelo

49.3 50.3 49.5 50.2 0.7 1.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

976.3 1,001.9 981.8 1,010.2 28.4 2.9

Sherman-Denison

45.8 46.8 46.1 46.8 0.7 1.5

Texarkana

59.9 60.8 60.2 60.8 0.6 1.0

Tyler

100.7 103.1 100.9 103.2 2.3 2.3

Victoria

45.0 45.1 45.0 45.3 0.3 0.7

Waco

114.3 117.0 114.7 117.5 2.8 2.4

Wichita Falls

58.4 58.5 58.5 58.9 0.4 0.7


Utah

1,369.3 1,417.2 1,373.4 1,417.8 44.4 3.2

Logan

58.7 60.6 59.3 61.0 1.7 2.9

Ogden-Clearfield

238.5 250.3 241.4 251.8 10.4 4.3

Provo-Orem

223.9 236.7 222.3 233.0 10.7 4.8

St. George

56.9 60.7 57.4 61.5 4.1 7.1

Salt Lake City

670.5 691.9 674.2 694.2 20.0 3.0


Vermont

308.2 313.1 310.8 314.5 3.7 1.2

Burlington-South Burlington

123.6 125.6 123.9 125.9 2.0 1.6


Virginia

3,832.7 3,914.0 3,852.2 3,925.4 73.2 1.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

78.5 78.9 77.8 76.7 -1.1 -1.4

Charlottesville

113.8 117.7 113.3 117.6 4.3 3.8

Harrisonburg

65.6 65.9 63.9 63.8 -0.1 -0.2

Lynchburg

103.3 104.5 103.7 104.1 0.4 0.4

Richmond

643.9 667.7 648.6 672.7 24.1 3.7

Roanoke

160.5 163.2 161.3 163.0 1.7 1.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.3 48.9 49.6 49.2 -0.4 -0.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

763.4 768.1 767.6 771.6 4.0 0.5

Winchester

60.6 63.4 60.8 63.5 2.7 4.4


Washington

3,130.4 3,227.5 3,156.6 3,256.4 99.8 3.2

Bellingham

87.9 89.5 88.4 89.7 1.3 1.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

87.2 88.7 87.8 89.4 1.6 1.8

Kennewick-Richland

106.5 110.1 108.3 111.0 2.7 2.5

Longview

38.8 40.0 39.2 40.2 1.0 2.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.5 49.5 48.7 49.6 0.9 1.8

Olympia-Tumwater

109.2 111.6 109.3 112.5 3.2 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,872.4 1,932.6 1,886.4 1,953.7 67.3 3.6

Spokane-Spokane Valley

235.2 239.5 236.1 241.0 4.9 2.1

Walla Walla

27.3 27.6 27.4 27.8 0.4 1.5

Wenatchee

42.4 42.8 43.0 43.4 0.4 0.9

Yakima

81.4 83.2 82.0 83.7 1.7 2.1


West Virginia

767.6 763.1 773.2 777.3 4.1 0.5

Beckley

47.0 46.3 47.6 47.5 -0.1 -0.2

Charleston

123.6 122.2 124.0 123.3 -0.7 -0.6

Huntington-Ashland

141.7 142.5 142.0 143.8 1.8 1.3

Morgantown

71.9 72.8 72.1 73.4 1.3 1.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.4 42.7 42.6 42.9 0.3 0.7

Wheeling

68.3 68.0 69.2 68.7 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,872.9 2,907.9 2,899.8 2,943.5 43.7 1.5

Appleton

121.8 123.1 123.1 124.4 1.3 1.1

Eau Claire

85.5 85.6 86.5 86.7 0.2 0.2

Fond du Lac

47.8 48.4 48.1 48.9 0.8 1.7

Green Bay

172.3 173.2 173.9 174.4 0.5 0.3

Janesville-Beloit

66.4 69.7 66.7 70.4 3.7 5.5

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.3 78.5 78.2 78.8 0.6 0.8

Madison

388.1 394.0 387.5 394.9 7.4 1.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

850.1 855.0 857.1 862.3 5.2 0.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.5 94.9 94.7 95.3 0.6 0.6

Racine

76.8 76.1 77.4 77.1 -0.3 -0.4

Sheboygan

60.2 60.9 61.0 61.4 0.4 0.7

Wausau

71.4 71.9 72.0 72.8 0.8 1.1


Wyoming

286.7 275.5 292.2 282.7 -9.5 -3.3

Casper

42.5 39.5 42.4 39.6 -2.8 -6.6

Cheyenne

46.7 46.8 47.3 46.9 -0.4 -0.8


Puerto Rico

906.4 894.6 904.4 893.2 -11.2 -1.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.4 51.5 51.1 51.7 0.6 1.2

Arecibo

33.4 33.3 33.2 33.3 0.1 0.3

Guayama

15.3 15.4 15.0 15.5 0.5 3.3

Mayaguez

34.7 34.4 34.3 34.5 0.2 0.6

Ponce

72.8 71.3 72.2 71.2 -1.0 -1.4

San German

20.8 20.1 20.6 20.0 -0.6 -2.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

656.8 646.9 655.6 646.4 -9.2 -1.4


Virgin Islands

38.0 37.8 37.7 37.9 0.2 0.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division April May Change from
May 2015 to May 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

15,938.4 16,401.2 16,017.8 16,461.7 443.9 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,787.7 5,940.2 5,802.3 5,956.8 154.5 2.7

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,532.0 1,577.2 1,535.4 1,588.9 53.5 3.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,255.7 4,363.0 4,266.9 4,367.9 101.0 2.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,238.9 2,308.4 2,251.0 2,315.8 64.8 2.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,089.0 1,114.4 1,094.9 1,120.6 25.7 2.3

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,037.8 1,078.4 1,043.7 1,078.8 35.1 3.4

San Rafael

112.1 115.6 112.4 116.4 4.0 3.6


District of Columbia

767.3 779.3 770.0 781.0 11.0 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,160.6 3,231.7 3,185.4 3,247.3 61.9 1.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

584.0 594.0 588.5 594.6 6.1 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,576.6 2,637.7 2,596.9 2,652.7 55.8 2.1


Florida

8,088.6 8,357.4 8,093.5 8,354.1 260.6 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,502.1 2,570.1 2,505.0 2,569.5 64.5 2.6

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

793.8 827.7 796.4 827.0 30.6 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,121.9 1,142.1 1,123.4 1,143.5 20.1 1.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

586.4 600.3 585.2 599.0 13.8 2.4


Illinois

5,935.4 5,987.3 6,001.9 6,035.4 33.5 0.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,550.1 4,620.9 4,611.2 4,672.7 61.5 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,622.8 3,676.2 3,669.6 3,715.5 45.9 1.3

Elgin

254.9 257.7 257.7 260.7 3.0 1.2

Gary(3)

272.9 276.5 276.0 279.6 3.6 1.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

399.5 410.5 407.9 416.9 9.0 2.2


Massachusetts

3,475.2 3,542.3 3,519.6 3,567.5 47.9 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,638.9 2,684.7 2,665.8 2,697.6 31.8 1.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,769.4 1,800.4 1,783.7 1,806.3 22.6 1.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.5 83.3 80.9 82.7 1.8 2.2

Framingham

171.7 173.5 174.1 175.0 0.9 0.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

64.2 66.9 66.4 68.5 2.1 3.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

80.6 82.5 82.2 83.0 0.8 1.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

147.9 150.3 150.3 151.8 1.5 1.0

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.9 44.8 45.6 45.2 -0.4 -0.9

Nashua(2)

125.5 126.4 127.1 127.8 0.7 0.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.9 96.5 96.4 97.1 0.7 0.7

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

58.3 60.1 59.1 60.2 1.1 1.9


Michigan

4,208.7 4,307.4 4,279.0 4,361.8 82.8 1.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,919.7 1,960.3 1,952.4 1,987.7 35.3 1.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

731.4 744.8 739.1 751.0 11.9 1.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,188.3 1,215.5 1,213.3 1,236.7 23.4 1.9


New York

9,206.8 9,331.9 9,300.8 9,382.6 81.8 0.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,285.8 9,470.4 9,377.2 9,521.0 143.8 1.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

143.5 146.1 145.0 147.2 2.2 1.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,297.7 1,313.8 1,320.0 1,324.4 4.4 0.3

Newark(3)

1,183.9 1,200.0 1,194.3 1,206.9 12.6 1.1

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,660.7 6,810.5 6,717.9 6,842.5 124.6 1.9


Pennsylvania

5,834.6 5,895.8 5,878.8 5,916.8 38.0 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,818.6 2,885.4 2,838.3 2,896.9 58.6 2.1

Camden(3)

516.9 529.3 523.7 537.3 13.6 2.6

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,028.5 1,053.5 1,039.5 1,058.4 18.9 1.8

Philadelphia

918.8 936.8 917.4 934.2 16.8 1.8

Wilmington(3)

354.4 365.8 357.7 367.0 9.3 2.6


Texas

11,794.4 11,985.5 11,840.4 12,009.8 169.4 1.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,367.6 3,498.3 3,389.8 3,515.1 125.3 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,376.5 2,489.3 2,391.2 2,502.3 111.1 4.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

991.1 1,009.0 998.6 1,012.8 14.2 1.4


Washington

3,130.4 3,227.5 3,156.6 3,256.4 99.8 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,872.4 1,932.6 1,886.4 1,953.7 67.3 3.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,577.6 1,628.3 1,589.8 1,648.6 58.8 3.7

Tacoma-Lakewood

294.8 304.3 296.6 305.1 8.5 2.9

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: June 29, 2016