Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press
under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that
the data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.
Erica L. Groshen
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Friday, October 2, 2015
Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in
September, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.1
percent. Employment rose in health care and information, while
mining lost jobs. Thus far in 2015, nonfarm job growth has
averaged 198,000 per month, compared with an average monthly
gain of 260,000 in 2014.
Incorporating revisions for July and August, which
decreased nonfarm payroll employment by 59,000, monthly job
gains have averaged 167,000 over the past 3 months.
Health care employment rose by 34,000 in September, in line
with its average monthly gain of 38,000 over the prior 12
months. Hospitals added 16,000 jobs over the month, and
employment in ambulatory health care continued to trend up
Employment in information grew by 12,000 in September. Over
the year, the industry has added 44,000 jobs.
Employment in professional and business services continued
to trend up over the month (+31,000). Job growth has averaged
45,000 per month thus far in 2015, compared with an average
monthly gain of 59,000 in 2014. In September, employment rose in
computer systems design (+7,000) and legal services (+5,000).
Retail trade employment trended up in September (+24,000),
in line with the average gain of 27,000 per month over the prior
12 months. In September, job gains occurred in general
merchandise stores (+10,000) and auto dealers (+5,000).
Employment in food services and drinking places also
continued to trend up in September (+21,000). Over the year,
employment in this industry has expanded by 349,000.
Mining employment fell by 10,000 in September, and has
declined by 102,000 since reaching a peak in December 2014. In
September, support activities for mining lost 7,000 jobs.
Construction employment was little changed in September
and has shown little movement over the past several months.
Manufacturing employment also changed little in September and
has shown little net change thus far this year.
In September, average hourly earnings of all employees on
private nonfarm payrolls, at $25.09, were little changed
(-1 cent), following a rise of 9 cents in August. Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent.
From August 2014 to August 2015, the Consumer Price Index for
all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased by 0.2 percentage point
(on a seasonally adjusted basis).
Turning to measures from the household survey, the
unemployment rate held at 5.1 percent in September, and the
number of unemployed was little changed at 7.9 million. Among
the unemployed, 2.1 million, or 26.6 percent, had been
unemployed for 27 weeks or more, little changed from the prior
The labor force participation rate decreased to 62.4
percent in September; it had been 62.6 percent for the prior 3
months. The employment-population ratio edged down to 59.2
percent over the month after showing little change for the first
8 months of the year.
The number of persons employed part time for economic
reasons fell by 447,000 to 6.0 million in September. These
individuals, also referred to as involuntary part-time workers,
would have preferred full-time employment but were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find full-time work. The number of persons working
part time for economic reasons has declined by 1.0 million over
the past year.
Among people who were neither working nor looking for work
in September, 1.9 million were classified as marginally attached
to the labor force, down from 2.2 million a year earlier. These
individuals had not looked for work in the 4 weeks prior to the
survey but wanted a job, were available for work, and had looked
for a job within the last 12 months. The number of discouraged
workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that
no jobs were available for them, was 635,000 in September,
little changed from a year earlier.
In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000
in September, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.1