Persons with a Disability: Labor Force Characteristics News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 16, 2015                     USDL-15-1162

Technical information: (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


         PERSONS WITH A DISABILITY: LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS -- 2014


In 2014, 17.1 percent of persons with a disability were employed, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. In contrast, the employment-population ratio
for those without a disability was 64.6 percent. The ratio for persons with a
disability declined by 0.5 percentage point from 2013 to 2014, while the ratio for
those with no disability increased by 0.6 percentage point. The unemployment rate
of persons with a disability edged down to 12.5 percent from 2013 to 2014, while
the rate for those without a disability declined to 5.9 percent.

The data on persons with a disability are collected as part of the Current
Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample survey of about 60,000 households that
provides statistics on employment and unemployment in the United States. The
collection of data on persons with a disability is sponsored by the Department
of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy. For more information, see the
Technical Note.

Highlights from the 2014 data:

   --Persons with a disability were about three times as likely as those
     with no disability to be age 65 and over. (See table 1.)

   --For all age groups, the employment-population ratio was much lower
     for persons with a disability than for those with no disability.
     (See table 1.)

   --Unemployment rates were higher for persons with a disability than
     for those with no disability among all educational attainment groups.
     (See table 1.)

   --In 2014, 33 percent of workers with a disability were employed part
     time, compared with 18 percent for those with no disability.
     (See table 2.)

   --Employed persons with a disability were more likely to be self-employed
     than those with no disability. (See table 4.)

Demographic characteristics

Persons with a disability tend to be older than persons with no disability,
reflecting the increased incidence of disability with age. In 2014, 47 percent
of persons with a disability were age 65 and older, compared with 14 percent of
those with no disability. Women were somewhat more likely to have a disability
than men, partly reflecting the greater life expectancy of women. In 2014, the
prevalence of a disability was higher for blacks and whites than for Hispanics
and Asians. (See table 1.)

Employment

The employment-population ratio for persons with a disability declined from 17.6
percent to 17.1 percent from 2013 to 2014. The ratio for those with no disability
increased from 64.0 percent to 64.6 percent. The lower ratio among persons with a
disability reflects, in part, the older age profile of persons with a disability;
older workers, regardless of disability status, are less likely to be employed.
However, across all age groups, persons with a disability were much less likely
to be employed than those with no disability. (See tables A and 1.)

Persons with a disability are less likely to have completed a bachelor's degree
or higher than those with no disability. Among both groups, those who have
completed higher levels of education were more likely to be employed than those
with less education. However, at all levels of education, persons with a
disability were much less likely to be employed than were their counterparts
with no disability. (Educational attainment data are presented for those age 25
and over.) (See table 1.)

Workers with a disability were more likely to be employed part time than those
with no disability. Among those with a disability, 33 percent usually worked
part time in 2014, compared with 18 percent of workers without a disability.
A slightly larger proportion of workers with a disability worked part time
for economic reasons than those with no disability (7 percent compared with
5 percent). These individuals were working part time because their hours
had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
(See table 2.)

Workers with a disability were more likely than those with no disability to
work in production, transportation, and material moving occupations (15 percent
compared with 12 percent). Workers with a disability were less likely to work
in management, professional, and related occupations than those without a
disability (31 percent compared with 39 percent). (See table 3.)

In 2014, 15 percent of workers with a disability were employed in federal, state,
and local government, about the same percentage as those with no disability
(14 percent). Seventy-four percent of workers with a disability were employed
as private wage and salary workers, compared with 80 percent of those with no
disability. A larger proportion of workers with a disability were self-employed
than were those with no disability (11 percent versus 6 percent). (See table 4.)

Unemployment

The unemployment rate for persons with a disability was 12.5 percent in 2014,
about twice the figure of 5.9 percent for those with no disability. (Unemployed
persons are those who did not have a job, were available for work, and were
actively looking for a job in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.) The unemployment
rate for persons with a disability edged down by 0.7 percentage point in 2014,
while the rate for persons with no disability declined by 1.1 percentage points.
(See tables A and 1.)

Among persons with a disability, the unemployment rate was the same for both
men and women in 2014 (12.5 percent); the figure for men was little changed from
2013, while that for women edged down. Among the major race and ethnicity groups,
the jobless rates for whites and Hispanics were down over the year, while the
rates for blacks and Asians showed little or no change. As is the case among
those without a disability, the unemployment rates in 2014 for those with a
disability were higher among blacks (21.6 percent) and Hispanics (16.1 percent)
than among whites (11.2 percent) and Asians (8.6 percent). (See table 1.)

Not in the labor force

Persons who are neither employed nor unemployed are not in the labor force. As
was the case in 2013, a large proportion of persons with a disability--about
8 in 10--were not in the labor force in 2014, compared with about 3 in 10 of
those with no disability. In part, this reflects the fact that many of those with
a disability are age 65 and over, and older persons are, in general, less likely
to participate in the labor force compared with younger age groups. Across all
age groups, however, persons with a disability were more likely to be out of the
labor force than those with no disability. (See table 1.)

Among those not in the labor force with or without a disability, the vast majority
reported that they do not want a job. In 2014, about 1 percent of persons with a
disability were marginally attached to the labor force, compared with 3 percent
of those with no disability. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted
and were available to work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months.
They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the
4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table 5.)




Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by disability status and age, 2013 and 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2013 2014
Total, 16 years
and over
16 to 64
years
65 years
and over
Total, 16 years
and over
16 to 64
years
65 years
and over

PERSONS WITH A DISABILITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,634 15,450 13,184 29,219 15,612 13,606

Civilian labor force

5,820 4,858 962 5,699 4,717 981

Participation rate

20.3 31.4 7.3 19.5 30.2 7.2

Employed

5,050 4,145 904 4,985 4,062 923

Employment-population ratio

17.6 26.8 6.9 17.1 26.0 6.8

Unemployed

770 713 58 714 656 58

Unemployment rate

13.2 14.7 6.0 12.5 13.9 5.9

Not in labor force

22,814 10,592 12,222 23,520 10,895 12,625

PERSONS WITH NO DISABILITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

217,045 186,817 30,228 218,728 187,375 31,353

Civilian labor force

149,569 142,415 7,154 150,223 142,847 7,376

Participation rate

68.9 76.2 23.7 68.7 76.2 23.5

Employed

138,880 132,103 6,777 141,320 134,273 7,048

Employment-population ratio

64.0 70.7 22.4 64.6 71.7 22.5

Unemployed

10,689 10,313 377 8,903 8,574 329

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.2 5.3 5.9 6.0 4.5

Not in labor force

67,476 44,402 23,074 68,505 44,528 23,977

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Technical Note

   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data obtained from  
the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS, which is conducted by the U.S. 
Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a monthly survey of 
about 60,000 eligible households that provides information on the labor force 
status, demographics, and other characteristics of the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over.
   
   Questions were added to the CPS in June 2008 to identify persons with a 
disability in the civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and older. The 
addition of these questions allowed the BLS to begin releasing monthly labor 
force data from the CPS for persons with a disability. The collection of these 
data is sponsored by the Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment 
Policy.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 
(800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling 
error. When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is 
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true population values 
they represent. The component of this difference that occurs because samples 
differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability is measured 
by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, or
level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more 
than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling 
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of 
confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can 
occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the 
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, 
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and
errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

   Additional information about the reliability of data from the CPS and 
estimating standard errors is available at 
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

   CPS estimates are controlled to population totals that are available by 
age, sex, race, and Hispanic ethnicity. These controls are developed by the 
Census Bureau and are based on complete population counts obtained in the 
decennial census. In the years between decennial censuses, they incorporate 
the latest information about population change (births, deaths, and net
international migration). ). As part of its annual update of population
estimates, the Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the total population
controls. The updated controls typically have a negligible impact on 
unemployment rates and other ratios. The estimates of the population of 
persons with a disability are not controlled to independent population totals 
of persons with a disability because such data are not available. Without 
independent population totals, sample-based estimates are more apt to vary 
from one time period to the next.  Information about population controls is 
available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Disability questions and concepts

   The CPS uses a set of six questions to identify persons with disabilities. 
In the CPS, persons are classified as having a disability if there is a response 
of "yes" to any of these questions. The disability questions appear in the CPS 
in the following format:

   This month we want to learn about people who have physical, mental, or emotional
conditions that cause serious difficulty with their daily activities. Please answer
for household members who are 15 years old or over.

   --Is anyone deaf or does anyone have serious difficulty 
     hearing?

   --Is  anyone  blind or does anyone have serious difficulty
     seeing even when wearing glasses?

   --Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does
     anyone have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or
     making decisions?

   --Does anyone have serious difficulty walking or climbing
     stairs?

   --Does anyone have difficulty dressing or bathing?

   --Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does
     anyone have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a
     doctor's office or shopping?

   The CPS questions for identifying individuals with disabilities are only 
asked of household members who are age 15 and older. Each of the questions ask 
the respondent whether anyone in the household has the condition described, and 
if the respondent replies "yes," they are then asked to identify everyone in 
the household who has the condition. Labor force measures from the CPS are 
tabulated for persons age 16 and older. More information on the disability 
questions and the limitations of the CPS disability data is available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsdisability_faq.htm.

Other definitions

   Other definitions used in this release are described briefly below. 
Additional information on the concepts and methodology of the CPS is available 
at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Employed.  Employed persons are all those who, during the survey reference 
week, (a) did any work at all as paid employees; (b) worked in their own 
business, profession, or on their own farm; or (c) worked 15 hours or more as 
unpaid workers in a family member's business.  Persons who were temporarily 
absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor 
dispute, or another reason also are counted as employed.

   Unemployed.  Unemployed persons are those who had no employment during the 
reference week, were available for work at that time, and had made specific 
efforts to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they 
had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as 
unemployed.

   Civilian labor force.  The civilian labor force comprises all persons 
classified as employed or unemployed.

   Unemployment rate.  The unemployment rate represents the number of 
unemployed persons as a percent of the civilian labor force.

   Not in the labor force.  Persons not in the labor force include all those who 
are not classified as employed or unemployed. Information is collected on their 
desire for and availability to take a job at the time of the CPS interview, job 
search activity in the prior year, and reason for not looking in the 4-week 
period ending with the reference week. This group includes individuals marginally 
attached to the labor force, defined as persons not in the labor force who want 
and are available for a job and who have looked for work sometime in the past 12 
months (or since the end of their last job if they held one within the past 12 
months). They are not counted as unemployed because they had not actively searched 
for work in the prior 4 weeks. Within the marginally attached group are discouraged 
workers—persons who are not currently looking for work because they believe there 
are no jobs available or there are none for which they would qualify. The other 
persons marginally attached to the labor force group includes persons who want 
a job but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks for reasons such as family 
responsibilities or transportation problems.

   Part time for economic reasons.  Persons classified as at work part time for 
economic reasons, a measure sometimes referred to as involuntary part time, are 
those who gave an economic reason for working 1 to 34 hours during the reference 
week. Economic reasons include slack work or unfavorable business conditions, 
inability to find full-time work, and seasonal declines in demand. Those who 
usually work part time must also indicate that they want and are available for 
full-time work to be classified as part time for economic reasons.

   Occupation, industry, and class of worker.  The occupation, industry, and 
class of worker classifications for the employed relate to the job held in the 
survey reference week. Persons with two or more jobs are classified in the job 
at which they worked the greatest number of hours. Persons are classified using 
the 2010 Census occupational and 2007 Census industry classification systems. 
The class-of-worker breakdown assigns workers to the following categories: 
Private and government wage and salary workers, self-employed workers, and 
unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers receive wages, salary, 
commissions, tips, or pay in kind from a private employer or from a government 
unit. Self-employed persons are those who work for profit or fees in their own 
business, profession, trade, or farm. Only the unincorporated self-employed are 
included in the self-employed category. Self-employed persons who respond that 
their businesses are incorporated are included among wage and salary workers. 
Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay for 15 hours a week or 
more on a farm or in a business operated by a family member in their household.




Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by disability status and selected characteristics, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over

247,947 155,922 62.9 146,305 59.0 9,617 6.2 92,025

Men

119,748 82,882 69.2 77,692 64.9 5,190 6.3 36,865

Women

128,199 73,039 57.0 68,613 53.5 4,426 6.1 55,159

PERSONS WITH A DISABILITY

Total, 16 years and over

29,219 5,699 19.5 4,985 17.1 714 12.5 23,520

Men

13,580 3,108 22.9 2,719 20.0 389 12.5 10,472

Women

15,639 2,591 16.6 2,266 14.5 325 12.5 13,047

Age

16 to 64 years

15,612 4,717 30.2 4,062 26.0 656 13.9 10,895

16 to 19 years

585 137 23.5 81 13.8 56 41.0 448

20 to 24 years

840 368 43.9 274 32.6 95 25.7 471

25 to 34 years

1,783 757 42.5 622 34.9 135 17.9 1,026

35 to 44 years

2,127 748 35.2 645 30.3 103 13.8 1,379

45 to 54 years

4,058 1,196 29.5 1,057 26.0 139 11.6 2,863

55 to 64 years

6,220 1,511 24.3 1,384 22.2 128 8.4 4,709

65 years and over

13,606 981 7.2 923 6.8 58 5.9 12,625

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White

23,551 4,719 20.0 4,189 17.8 530 11.2 18,833

Black or African American

3,871 598 15.5 469 12.1 129 21.6 3,273

Asian

791 140 17.7 128 16.2 12 8.6 651

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

3,051 646 21.2 542 17.8 104 16.1 2,405

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

27,794 5,193 18.7 4,630 16.7 563 10.8 22,601

Less than a high school diploma

5,917 557 9.4 468 7.9 89 16.0 5,359

High school graduates, no college(1)

10,242 1,650 16.1 1,464 14.3 186 11.3 8,592

Some college or associate degree

7,088 1,690 23.8 1,510 21.3 181 10.7 5,398

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

4,547 1,295 28.5 1,188 26.1 107 8.3 3,252

PERSONS WITH NO DISABILITY

Total, 16 years and over

218,728 150,223 68.7 141,320 64.6 8,903 5.9 68,505

Men

106,168 79,775 75.1 74,974 70.6 4,801 6.0 26,393

Women

112,560 70,448 62.6 66,347 58.9 4,101 5.8 42,112

Age

16 to 64 years

187,375 142,847 76.2 134,273 71.7 8,574 6.0 44,528

16 to 19 years

16,048 5,517 34.4 4,467 27.8 1,050 19.0 10,532

20 to 24 years

21,240 15,273 71.9 13,620 64.1 1,653 10.8 5,967

25 to 34 years

40,348 33,442 82.9 31,353 77.7 2,088 6.2 6,906

35 to 44 years

37,438 31,758 84.8 30,322 81.0 1,436 4.5 5,680

45 to 54 years

38,756 32,866 84.8 31,499 81.3 1,368 4.2 5,890

55 to 64 years

33,544 23,991 71.5 23,012 68.6 979 4.1 9,553

65 years and over

31,353 7,376 23.5 7,048 22.5 329 4.5 23,977

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White

171,947 118,609 69.0 112,599 65.5 6,010 5.1 53,338

Black or African American

26,972 18,275 67.8 16,264 60.3 2,011 11.0 8,697

Asian

12,993 8,620 66.3 8,197 63.1 424 4.9 4,373

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

35,349 24,724 69.9 22,950 64.9 1,774 7.2 10,625

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

181,440 129,434 71.3 123,233 67.9 6,201 4.8 52,006

Less than a high school diploma

18,226 10,271 56.4 9,384 51.5 887 8.6 7,955

High school graduates, no college(1)

51,818 34,382 66.4 32,401 62.5 1,981 5.8 17,435

Some college or associate degree

48,606 35,630 73.3 33,789 69.5 1,841 5.2 12,976

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

62,790 49,151 78.3 47,659 75.9 1,492 3.0 13,639

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.


Table 2. Employed full- and part-time workers by disability status and age, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Disability status and age Employed At work
part time for
economic
reasons(1)
Total Usually
work
full time
Usually
work
part time

TOTAL

16 years and over

146,305 118,718 27,587 7,213

16 to 64 years

138,334 113,912 24,422 6,978

65 years and over

7,971 4,806 3,165 235

Persons with a disability

16 years and over

4,985 3,350 1,635 339

16 to 64 years

4,062 2,871 1,191 306

65 years and over

923 479 444 33

Persons with no disability

16 years and over

141,320 115,368 25,952 6,875

16 to 64 years

134,273 111,042 23,231 6,672

65 years and over

7,048 4,327 2,721 202

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons who, whether they usually work full or part time, worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand. Persons who usually work part time for an economic reason, but worked 35 hours or more during the reference week are excluded. Also excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire reference week.

NOTE: Full time refers to persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week; part time refers to persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.


Table 3. Employed persons by disability status, occupation, and sex, 2014 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Occupation Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total employed (in thousands)

4,985 2,719 2,266 141,320 74,974 66,347

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

31.2 29.6 33.1 38.6 35.1 42.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

13.5 15.5 11.0 15.9 16.8 14.9

Management occupations

9.9 12.1 7.2 11.1 12.8 9.2

Business and financial operations occupations

3.6 3.4 3.8 4.8 4.0 5.7

Professional and related occupations

17.7 14.0 22.2 22.6 18.3 27.6

Computer and mathematical occupations

2.2 2.6 1.6 3.0 4.2 1.6

Architecture and engineering occupations

1.6 2.4 0.6 1.9 3.1 0.6

Life, physical, and social science occupations

0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9

Community and social service occupations

1.7 1.4 2.1 1.7 1.1 2.3

Legal occupations

0.9 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.4

Education, training, and library occupations

5.0 2.8 7.6 6.0 2.9 9.4

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

3.8 1.6 6.3 5.9 2.9 9.3

Service occupations

20.3 16.1 25.5 17.6 14.4 21.2

Healthcare support occupations

2.4 0.5 4.7 2.4 0.6 4.4

Protective service occupations

2.4 3.4 1.1 2.1 3.2 1.0

Food preparation and serving related occupations

5.2 3.7 6.9 5.6 4.7 6.5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

6.0 6.7 5.1 3.9 4.4 3.3

Personal care and service occupations

4.5 1.8 7.7 3.6 1.5 6.0

Sales and office occupations

24.2 17.6 32.2 22.8 16.4 30.0

Sales and related occupations

11.2 10.4 12.2 10.7 10.2 11.2

Office and administrative support occupations

13.0 7.2 20.0 12.1 6.2 18.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8.9 15.5 1.0 9.3 16.7 0.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.7 1.0 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.3

Construction and extraction occupations

4.7 8.2 0.5 5.2 9.6 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3.5 6.3 0.2 3.3 6.0 0.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

15.3 21.3 8.2 11.8 17.5 5.4

Production occupations

7.3 9.6 4.5 5.7 7.8 3.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8.0 11.7 3.7 6.1 9.7 2.0

Table 4. Employed persons by disability status, industry, class of worker, and sex, 2014 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Industry and class of worker Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total employed (in thousands)

4,985 2,719 2,266 141,320 74,974 66,347

Industry as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

2.7 4.0 1.3 1.5 2.1 0.8

Nonagricultural industries

97.3 96.0 98.7 98.5 97.9 99.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.9 1.5 0.2 0.7 1.2 0.2

Construction

6.2 10.2 1.4 6.7 11.6 1.3

Manufacturing

10.5 14.2 6.0 10.3 13.7 6.5

Wholesale trade

2.7 3.6 1.6 2.5 3.3 1.6

Retail trade

13.1 12.2 14.3 11.3 11.0 11.6

Transportation and utilities

4.7 6.3 2.8 5.2 7.6 2.5

Information

1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.5 1.8

Financial activities

5.5 4.7 6.4 6.8 6.0 7.7

Professional and business services

10.6 11.4 9.7 11.7 12.9 10.2

Education and health services

21.2 11.3 33.0 22.5 10.7 35.8

Leisure and hospitality

8.8 8.0 9.8 9.2 8.5 10.1

Other services

6.0 5.6 6.5 4.9 4.3 5.5

Public administration

5.2 5.3 5.1 4.6 4.7 4.4

Class of worker as a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Wage and salary workers(2)

88.8 87.1 90.8 93.7 92.8 94.7

Private industries

73.6 74.2 72.8 80.0 81.7 78.0

Government

15.2 12.9 18.0 13.8 11.1 16.8

Federal

3.1 3.4 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.3

State

5.2 4.0 6.6 4.3 3.3 5.4

Local

6.9 5.4 8.7 7.1 5.4 9.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

11.1 12.8 9.0 6.2 7.2 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes a small number of unpaid family workers, not shown separately.
(2) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.


Table 5. Persons not in the labor force by disability status, age, and sex, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total,
16 years and
over
16 to 64 years Total,
65 years and
over
Total Men Women

PERSONS WITH A DISABILITY

Total not in the labor force

23,520 10,895 5,201 5,694 12,625

Persons who currently want a job

717 510 258 252 207

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

225 184 99 85 41

Discouraged workers(2)

68 52 34 18 16

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

157 132 65 66 25

PERSONS WITH NO DISABILITY

Total not in the labor force

68,505 44,528 16,284 28,244 23,977

Persons who currently want a job

5,606 5,008 2,293 2,715 598

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,983 1,828 936 891 155

Discouraged workers(2)

671 604 362 242 67

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,312 1,224 575 649 88

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.


Last Modified Date: June 16, 2015