American Time Use Survey Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 24, 2015               USDL-15-1236

Technical information:  (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2014 RESULTS


In 2014, on days they worked, 23 percent of employed persons did some or all of
their work at home, and 85 percent did some or all of their work at their workplace, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. In 2003, the first year for 
which comparable data are available, 19 percent of employed persons did some or 
all of their work at home, and 87 percent did some or all their work at their 
workplace on days worked. 

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released 
today. These data include the average amount of time per day in 2014 that 
individuals worked, did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports 
activities. Additionally, measures of the average time per day spent providing 
childcare--both as a primary (or main) activity and while doing other things--for 
the combined years 2010-2014 are provided. For a further description of ATUS data 
and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2014


   --Employed persons worked an average of 7.8 hours on the days they worked. More 
     hours were worked, on average, on weekdays than on weekend days--8.1 hours 
     compared with 5.7 hours. (See table 4.)

   --On the days they worked, employed men worked 52 minutes more than employed 
     women. This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working 
     part time. However, even among full-time workers (those usually working 35 
     hours or more per week), men worked longer than women--8.4 hours compared with 
     7.8 hours. (See table 4.)

   --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days: 83 percent of 
     employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 35 percent on 
     an average weekend day. (See table 4.) 

   --On the days they worked, 85 percent of employed persons did some or all of 
     their work at their workplace and 23 percent did some or all of their work at 
     home. Employed persons spent more time working at the workplace than at 
     home--8.0 hours compared with 3.2 hours. (See table 6.) 

   --From 2003 to 2014, the share of employed persons who did some or all of their 
     work at home on days they worked increased from 19 percent to 23 percent. During 
     this same period, the average time employed persons spent working at home on 
     days they did so increased by 37 minutes (from 2.6 hours to 3.2 hours). (See 
     table 6.)

   --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average day than were 
     single jobholders--81 percent compared with 68 percent. (For a definition of 
     average day, see the Technical Note.) Multiple jobholders also were more 
     likely to work at home than were single jobholders--37 percent compared 
     with 22 percent. (See table 6.)

   --Self-employed workers were nearly three times more likely than wage and 
     salary workers to have done some work at home on days worked--58 percent 
     compared with 20 percent. Self-employed workers also were more likely to 
     work on weekend days than were wage and salary workers--46 percent compared 
     with 33 percent. (See tables 5 and 7.)

   --On the days they worked, 39 percent of employed people age 25 and over 
     with a bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home, compared with 
     only 12 percent of those with less than a high school diploma. (See 
     table 6.)

Household Activities in 2014

   --On an average day, 83 percent of women and 65 percent of men spent some 
     time doing household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or 
     financial and other household management. (See table 1.)

   --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of 2.6 
     hours on such activities, while men spent 2.1 hours. (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, 20 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or 
     laundry--compared with 49 percent of women. Forty-three percent of men did 
     food preparation or cleanup, compared with 69 percent of women. Men were 
     slightly more likely to engage in lawn and garden care than were women--11 
     percent compared with 8 percent. (See table 1.)

   --From 2003 to 2014, the share of men doing food preparation and cleanup on 
     an average day increased from 35 percent to 43 percent. Over this same period, 
     the share of women doing housework on an average day decreased from 54 percent 
     to 49 percent. The average time per day women spent doing housework declined by 9 
     minutes, from 58 minutes in 2003 to 49 minutes in 2014. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2014

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent) engaged 
     in some sort of leisure activity such as watching TV, socializing, or 
     exercising. Of those who engaged in leisure activities, men spent more 
     time in these activities (6.0 hours) than did women (5.2 hours). (See 
     table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time (2.8 
     hours per day), accounting for more than half of leisure time, on average, 
     for those age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visiting with friends 
     or attending or hosting social events, was the next most common leisure 
     activity, accounting for 43 minutes per day. (See table 1.)

   --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or 
     recreation on a given day--22 percent compared with 17 percent. On days 
     they participated, men also spent more time in these activities than 
     did women--1.8 hours compared with 1.3 hours. (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 8.0 hours engaged in 
     leisure activities--more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-olds 
     spent 4.1 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities--less than other 
     age groups. (See table 11.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using a 
     computer for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and over 
     averaged 1.0 hour of reading per weekend day and 24 minutes playing 
     games or using a computer for leisure. Conversely, individuals ages 15 
     to 19 read for an average of 8 minutes per weekend day and spent 1.2 
     hours playing games or using a computer for leisure. (See table 11.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 
     engaged in leisure activities for 4.6 hours per day, almost an hour 
     more than employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See 
     table 8B.)

Care of Household Children for the period 2010-2014

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average 
     of 2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. 
     Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the 
     ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary 
     childcare to household children--49 minutes per day. Primary childcare 
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as providing physical 
     care or reading to children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under 
     age 6, women spent 1.0 hour providing physical care (such as bathing or 
     feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men spent 23 minutes 
     providing physical care. (See table 9.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent 
     an average of 5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, 
     they had at least one child in their care while doing activities other 
     than primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults living in 
     households with children under age 6 was most commonly provided while 
     doing leisure activities (2.1 hours) or household activities (1.3 hours). 
     (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time 
     providing primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on an 
     average weekend day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time providing 
     secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.5 hours compared 
     with 7.4 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data 

ATUS 2014 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and 
analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect the 
privacy of survey respondents, identifying information does not appear on the 
data files. The 2014 data files are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.



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  |                                                                 |
  |                    New ATUS Time Series Data                    |
  |                                                                 |
  | Time-series data now are available for most of the annual and   |
  | quarterly estimates presented in this news release. ATUS data   |
  | going back as far as 2003 can be extracted and downloaded from  |
  | the BLS database. All estimates in the database have been       |
  | generated using the same statistical weighting method, which    |
  | was implemented in 2006. This allows for a consistent comparison|
  | of estimates over the entire time period.                       |
  |                                                                 |
  | Because this weighting method was implemented in 2006, some of  |
  | the series contain data that differ slightly from estimates     |
  | previously published in news releases.  Historical estimates for|
  | 2003 that are cited in this release are taken from the database |
  | and may differ slightly from originally published estimates.    |
  |                                                                 |
  | Additional information is available at                          |
  | www.bls.gov/tus/database.htm.                                   |
  |                                                                 |
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Last Modified Date: June 24, 2015