American Time Use Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 24, 2016				USDL-16-1250

Technical information:	(202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	 	    AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2015 RESULTS


In 2015, 38 percent of workers in management, business, and financial operations
occupations, and 35 percent of those employed in professional and related occupations,
did some or all of their work from home on days they worked, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Workers employed in other occupations were less likely to
work from home on days they worked.

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released today.
These data include the average amount of time per day in 2015 that individuals worked,
did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities. Additionally,
measures of the average time per day spent providing childcare--both as a primary
(or main) activity and while doing other things--for the combined years 2011-2015 are
provided. For a further description of ATUS data and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2015

   --Employed persons worked an average of 7.6 hours on the days they worked. More hours
     were worked, on average, on weekdays than on weekend days--8.0 hours compared with
     5.6 hours. (See table 4.)

   --On the days they worked, employed men worked 42 minutes more than employed women.
     This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part time.
     However, even among full-time workers (those usually working 35 hours or more per
     week), men worked longer than women--8.2 hours compared with 7.8 hours. (See table 4.)

   --On the days they worked, 82 percent of employed persons did some or all of their
     work at their workplace and 24 percent did some or all of their work at home. Employed
     persons spent more time working at the workplace than at home--8.0 hours compared with
     3.2 hours. (See table 6.)

   --The share of workers doing some or all of their work at home grew from 19 percent
     in 2003--the first year the ATUS was conducted--to 24 percent in 2015. In this same
     period, the average time employed persons spent working at home on days they worked
     increased by 40 minutes (from 2.6 hours to 3.2 hours). (See table 6.)
   
   --Compared to workers with less education, employed persons age 25 and over with a
     bachelorís degree or higher were the least likely to work at their workplace on days
     they worked (74 percent), and they were the most likely to do some or all of their
     work from home (39 percent). By comparison, 94 percent of workers with less than a
     high school diploma worked at their workplace on days they worked and 7 percent worked
     from home. (See table 6.)

   --On the days they worked, 38 percent of persons employed in management, business, and
     financial operations and 35 percent of those employed in professional and related
     occupations did some or all of their work from home. Workers employed in other 
     occupations were less likely to work from home on days they worked. (See table 7.) 

   --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average day than were single
     jobholders--80 percent compared with 67 percent. (For a definition of 'average day,'
     see the Technical Note.) Multiple jobholders also were more likely to work at home
     than were single jobholders--36 percent compared with 23 percent. (See table 6.)

Household Activities in 2015

   --On an average day, 85 percent of women and 67 percent of men spent some time doing
     household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or financial and other
     household management. (See table 1.)

   --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of 2.6 hours on
     such activities, while men spent 2.1 hours. (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, 22 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or laundry--compared
     with 50 percent of women. Forty-three percent of men did food preparation or cleanup,
     compared with 70 percent of women. Men were slightly more likely to engage in lawn and
     garden care than were women--12 percent compared with 8 percent. (See table 1.)

   --From 2003 to 2015, the share of men doing food preparation and cleanup on an average
     day increased from 35 percent to 43 percent.  The average time per day men spent doing
     food preparation and cleanup increased by 5 minutes, from 16 minutes in 2003 to 21
     minutes in 2015. (See table 1.)

   --From 2003 to 2015, the share of women doing housework on an average day decreased
     from 54 percent to 50 percent. The average time per day women spent doing housework
     declined from 58 minutes in 2003 to 52 minutes in 2015. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2015

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent) engaged in some sort
     of leisure activity such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising. Of those who
     engaged in leisure activities, men spent more time in these activities (5.8 hours)
     than did women (5.1 hours). (See table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time (2.8 hours per day),
     accounting for more than half of leisure time, on average, for those age 15 and over.
     Socializing, such as visiting with friends or attending or hosting social events, was
     the next most common leisure activity, accounting for 41 minutes per day. (See table 1.)

   --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or recreation on
     a given day--23 percent compared with 18 percent. On days they participated, men also
     spent more time in these activities than did women--1.7 hours compared with 1.2 hours.
     (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.8 hours engaged in leisure activities--
     more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-olds spent 4.0 hours engaged in leisure
     and sports activities--less than other age groups. (See table 11.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using a computer for
     leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and over averaged 1.1 hours of
     reading per weekend day and 20 minutes playing games or using a computer for leisure.
     Conversely, individuals ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 8 minutes per weekend day
     and spent 1.3 hours playing games or using a computer for leisure. (See table 11.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged in leisure
     activities for 4.5 hours per day, 1.1 hours more than employed adults living with a
     child under age 6. (See table 8B.)

Care of Household Children for the period 2011-2015

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of 2.0 hours per
     day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults living in households where
     the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time
     providing primary childcare to household children--49 minutes per day. Primary childcare
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as providing physical care or reading
     to children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under age 6, women
     spent 1.0 hour providing physical care (such as bathing or feeding a child) to household
     children; by contrast, men spent 25 minutes providing physical care. (See table 9.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent an average of 5.3
     hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had at least one child in
     their care while doing activities other than primary childcare. Secondary childcare
     provided by adults living in households with children under age 6 was most commonly
     provided while doing leisure activities (2.1 hours) or household activities (1.3 hours).
     (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time providing primary
     childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on an average weekend day (1.8 hours).
     However, they spent less time providing secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend
     days--4.5 hours compared with 7.4 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data 

ATUS 2015 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and analyses. In
accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect the privacy of survey respondents,
identifying information does not appear on the data files. The 2015 data files are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.




Technical Note
 
 
   The estimates in this news release are based on annual average data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS).
The ATUS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a
continuous survey about how individuals age 15 and over spend their time.
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Survey methodology
   Data collection for the ATUS began in January 2003. Sample cases for the survey are selected monthly, and
interviews are conducted continuously throughout the year. In 2015, approximately 10,900 individuals were
interviewed. Estimates are released annually.
   ATUS sample households are chosen from the households that completed their eighth (final) interview for the
Current Population Survey (CPS), the nationís monthly household labor force survey. ATUS sample households are
selected to ensure that estimates will be nationally representative.
   One individual age 15 or over is randomly chosen from each sampled household. This "designated person" is
interviewed by telephone once about his or her activities on the day before the interview--the "diary day."
   All ATUS interviews are conducted using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing. Procedures are in place
to collect information from the small number of households that did not provide a telephone number during the CPS
interview.
   ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the week about which to report. Preassignment is designed to
reduce variability in response rates across the week and to allow oversampling of weekend days so that accurate
weekend day measures can be developed. Interviews occur on the day following the assigned day. For example, a 
person assigned to report about a Monday would be contacted on the following Tuesday. Ten percent of designated
persons are assigned to report about each of the five weekdays. Twenty-five percent are assigned to report about
each weekend day. Households are called for up to 8 consecutive weeks (for example, 8 Tuesdays) in order to secure
an interview.

About the questionnaire
   In the time diary portion of the ATUS interview, survey respondents sequentially report activities they did
between 4 a.m. on the day before the interview ("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview. For each
activity, respondents are asked how long the activity lasted. For activities other than personal care activities
(such as sleeping and grooming), interviewers also ask respondents where they were and who was in the room with
them (if at home) or who accompanied them (if away from home). If respondents report doing more than one activity
at a time, they are asked to identify which one was the "main" (primary) activity. If none can be identified, then
the interviewer records the first activity mentioned. After completing the time diary, interviewers ask respondents
additional questions to clearly identify work, volunteering, and secondary childcare activities. Secondary childcare
is defined as having a child under age 13 in oneís care while doing other activities. Questions to identify eldercare
providers and activities done as eldercare were added to the survey in 2011.
   In addition, the ATUS includes an update of the household composition from the last CPS interview (2 to 5 months
prior to the ATUS interview), the labor force status of the respondent, and the employment status of his or her
spouse or unmarried partner.  For respondents who became employed or changed jobs between the last CPS interview
and the ATUS interview, information also is collected on industry, occupation, class of worker, and earnings.
Finally, a question about current school enrollment status is asked of all respondents ages 15 to 49.
   After completing the interview, primary activity descriptions are assigned a single 6-digit code using the ATUS
Coding Lexicon. The 3-tier coding system consists of 17 major activity categories, each with multiple second- and
third-tier subcategories. These coding lexicon categories are then combined into composite categories for publication,
such as in this news release. Descriptions of categories shown in this release can be found in the Major activity
category definitions section of this Technical Note. The ATUS Coding Lexicon can be accessed at
www.bls.gov/tus/lexicons.htm.
   Because of the complexity of coding everyday activities into narrowly-defined lexicon categories, coders use
a comprehensive set of rules to guide their decisions. Travel activities have more complicated coding rules than
other activities captured in the ATUS. In order to capture useful and detailed information, travel activities are
coded according to the purpose of travel. For more information, see Exhibit 5.1 of the ATUS Userís guide
www.bls.gov/tus/atususersguide.pdf.

Concepts and definitions
   Average day. The average day measure reflects an average distribution across all persons in the reference
population and all days of the week. Average day measures for the entire population provide a mechanism for seeing
the overall distribution of time allocation for society as a whole. The ATUS collects data about daily activities
from all segments of the population age 15 and over, including persons who are employed and not employed. Activity
profiles differ based upon age, employment status, gender, and other characteristics. On an average day in 2015,
persons in the United States age 15 and over did work and work-related activities for 3.5 hours, slept 8.8 hours,
spent 5.2 hours doing leisure and sports activities, and spent 1.8 hours doing household activities. The remaining
4.7 hours were spent doing a variety of other activities, including eating and drinking, attending school, and
shopping. (See table 1.) By comparison, an average weekday for persons employed full time on days that they worked
included 9.2 hours doing work and work-related activities, 7.8 hours sleeping, 2.9 hours doing leisure and sports
activities, and 0.9 hour doing household activities. The remaining 3.2 hours were spent in other activities, such
as those described above. (These estimates include related travel time.)
   Many activities typically are not done on a daily basis, and some activities only are done by a subset of the
population. For example, only 42 percent of all persons age 15 years and over worked on an average day in 2015
because some were not employed and those who were employed did not work every day. (See table 1.)

   Average hours per day. The average number of hours spent in a 24-hour day (between 4 a.m. on the diary day and
4 a.m. on the interview day) doing a specified activity.

	*   Average hours per day, population. The average number of hours per day is computed using all responses
	    from a given sample of the population, including those of respondents who did not do a particular activity
	    on their diary day. These estimates reflect how many persons engaged in an activity and the amount of time
	    they spent doing it.

	*   Average hours per day, persons who did the activity. The average number of hours per day is computed using
	    only responses from those who engaged in a particular activity on their diary day.

   Diary day. The diary day is the day about which the respondent reports. For example, the diary day of a respondent
interviewed on Tuesday is Monday.

   Earnings

	*   Usual weekly earnings. Estimates represent the earnings of full-time wage and salary workers with one job
	    only (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed are excluded), before taxes and other deductions.
	    They include any overtime pay, commissions, or tips usually received. Usual weekly earnings are only
	    updated in ATUS for about one-third of employed respondents--if the respondent changed jobs or employment
	    status between the CPS and ATUS interviews or if the CPS weekly earnings value was imputed. This means that
	    the earnings information could be out of date because the CPS interview was done 2 to 5 months prior to the
	    ATUS interview. Respondents are asked to identify the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly,
	    biweekly, twice monthly, annually, or other) and how much they usually earn in the reported time period.
	    Earnings reported on a basis other than weekly are converted to a weekly equivalent. The term "usual" is as
	    perceived by the respondent. If the respondent asks for a definition of usual, interviewers are instructed
	    to define the term as more than half the weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.

	*   Weekly earnings ranges. The ranges used represent approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers
	    (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed are excluded) who held only one job. For example, 25 percent
	    of full-time wage and salary workers with one job only had weekly earnings of $560 or less in 2015. These dollar
	    values vary from year to year.

   Employment status

	*   Employed. All persons who:

	    1) At any time during the 7 days prior to the interview did any work at all as paid employees, or worked in their
	    own business or profession or on their own farm; or 

	    2) Were not working during the 7 days prior to the interview but had jobs or businesses from which they were
	    temporarily absent because of illness, bad weather, vacation, childcare problems, labor-management disputes,
	    maternity or paternity leave, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid
	    for the time off or were seeking other jobs; or

	    3) Usually worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise.

	*   Employed full time. Full-time workers are those who usually worked 35 or more hours per week at all jobs combined.

	*   Employed part time. Part-time workers are those who usually worked fewer than 35 hours per week at all jobs combined.

	*   Not employed. Persons are not employed if they do not meet the conditions for employment. People who are not employed
	    include those classified as unemployed as well as those classified as not in the labor force (using CPS definitions).

   The numbers of employed and not employed persons in this release do not correspond to published totals from the CPS for several
reasons. First, the reference population for the ATUS is age 15 years and over, whereas it is age 16 years and over for the CPS.
Second, ATUS data are collected continuously, the employment reference period being the 7 days prior to the interview. By contrast,
CPS data are usually collected during the week including the 19th of the month and generally refer to employment during the week
containing the 12th of the month. Finally, the CPS accepts answers from household members about other household members whereas
such proxy responses are not allowed in the ATUS. One consequence of the difference in proxy reporting is that a significantly
higher proportion of teenagers report employment in the ATUS than in the CPS. While the information on employment from the ATUS
is useful for assessing work in the context of other daily activities, the employment data are not intended for analysis of
current employment trends. Compared with the CPS and other estimates of employment, the ATUS estimates are based on a much smaller
sample and are only available with a substantial lag since ATUS data and estimates are published during the year following data
collection.

   Household children. Household children are children under age 18 residing in the household of the ATUS respondent. The children
may be related to the respondent (such as his or her own children, grandchildren, nieces or nephews, or brothers or sisters) or not
related (such as foster children or children of roommates or boarders).

   Primary activity. A primary activity is the main activity a respondent was doing at a specified time. With the exception of
secondary childcare in table 10, the estimates presented in this release reflect time spent in primary activities only.

   Secondary activities. A secondary (or simultaneous) activity is an activity done at the same time as a primary activity. With
the exception of the care of children under age 13, information on secondary activities is not systematically collected in the ATUS.

   Secondary childcare. Secondary childcare is care for children under age 13 that is done while doing an activity other than primary
childcare, such as cooking dinner. Secondary childcare estimates are derived by summing the durations of activities during which
respondents had at least one child under age 13 in their care while doing other things. The time individuals spend providing
secondary childcare is further restricted to the time between when the first household child under age 13 woke up and when the
last household child under age 13 went to bed. It is also restricted to times the respondent was awake. If respondents report
providing both primary and secondary care at the same time, the time is attributed to primary care only.

   Weekday, weekend, and holiday estimates. Estimates for weekdays are an average of reports about Monday through Friday. Estimates
for weekend days and holidays are an average of reports about Saturdays, Sundays, and the following holidays:  New Yearís Day,
Easter, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data were not collected about New Yearís
Day in 2012, and Christmas Day in 2011 and 2014.

Major activity category definitions
   The following definitions describe the activity categories shown in this report. All major time-use categories in this release
include related travel time and waiting time. For example, time spent "driving to the stadium" and time spent "waiting to get into
the stadium to play ball" are included in Leisure and sports. 

   Personal care activities. Personal care activities include sleeping, grooming (such as bathing or dressing), health-related
self-care, and personal or private activities. Receiving unpaid personal care from others (for example, "my sister put polish
on my nails") also is captured in this category. In general, respondents are not asked who they were with or where they were for
personal care activities, as such information can be sensitive.

   Eating and drinking. All time spent eating or drinking (except eating and drinking done as part of a work or volunteer activity),
whether alone, with others, at home, at a place of purchase, or somewhere else, is classified here.

   Household activities. Household activities are activities done by people to maintain their households. These include housework;
cooking; lawn and garden care; pet care; vehicle maintenance and repair; home maintenance, repair, decoration, and renovation; and
household management and organizational activities (such as filling out paperwork or planning a party). Food preparation, whether
or not reported as done specifically for another household member, is always classified as a household activity unless it was done
as a volunteer, work, or income-generating activity. For example, "making breakfast for my son" is coded as a household activity,
not as childcare.

   Purchasing goods and services. This category includes time spent purchasing consumer goods, professional and personal care services,
household services, and government services. Consumer purchases include most purchases and rentals of consumer goods, regardless of the
mode or place of purchase or rental (in person, via telephone, over the Internet, at home, or in a store). Gasoline, grocery, other
food purchases, and all other shopping are further broken out in subcategories.
   Time spent obtaining, receiving, and purchasing professional and personal care services provided by someone else also is classified
in this category. Professional services include childcare, financial services and banking, legal services, medical and adult care
services, real estate services, and veterinary services. Personal care services include day spas, hair salons and barbershops, nail
salons, and tanning salons. Activities classified here include time spent paying, meeting with, or talking to service providers, as
well as time spent receiving the service or waiting to receive the service.
   Time spent arranging for and purchasing household services provided by someone else also is classified here. Household services
include housecleaning; cooking; lawn care and landscaping; pet care; tailoring, laundering, and dry cleaning; vehicle maintenance
and repairs; and home repairs, maintenance, and construction.
   This category also captures the time spent obtaining government services--such as applying for food stamps--and purchasing government-
required licenses or paying fines or fees.

   Caring for and helping household members. Time spent doing activities to care for or help any child (under age 18) or adult in the
household, regardless of relationship to the respondent or the physical or mental health status of the person being helped, is classified
here. Caring for and helping activities for household children and adults are coded separately in subcategories.
   Primary childcare activities include time spent providing physical care; playing with children; reading with children; assistance with
homework; attending children's events; taking care of children's health needs; and dropping off, picking up, and waiting for children.
Passive childcare done as a primary activity (such as "keeping an eye on my son while he swam in the pool") also is included. A child's
presence during the activity is not enough in itself to classify the activity as childcare. For example, "watching television with my 
child" is coded as a leisure activity, not as childcare.
   Secondary childcare occurs when persons have a child under age 13 ?in their care" while doing activities other than primary childcare.
For a complete definition, see the Concepts and definitions section of this Technical Note.
   Caring for and helping household members also includes a range of activities done to benefit adult members of households, such as
providing physical and medical care or obtaining medical services. Doing something as a favor for or helping another household adult
does not automatically result in classification as a helping activity. For example, a report of "helping my spouse cook dinner" is 
considered a household activity (food preparation), not a helping activity, because cooking dinner benefits the household as a whole.
By contrast, doing paperwork for another person usually benefits the individual, so a report of "filling out an insurance application
for my spouse" is considered a helping activity.

   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members. This category includes time spent in activities done to care for or help others--both
children (under age 18) and adults--who do not live in the household. When done for or through an organization, time spent helping
nonhousehold members is classified as volunteering, rather than as helping nonhousehold members. Care of nonhousehold children,
even when done as a favor or helping activity for another adult, is always classified as caring for and helping nonhousehold children,
not as helping another adult.

   Working and work-related activities. This category includes time spent working, doing activities as part of one's job, engaging in
income-generating activities not as part of one's job, and job search activities. "Working" includes hours spent doing the specific
tasks required of one's main or other job, regardless of location or time of day. "Work-related activities" include activities that
are not obviously work but are done as part of one's job, such as having a business lunch and playing golf with clients. "Other
income-generating activities" are those done "on the side" or under informal arrangement and are not part of a regular job. Such
activities might include selling homemade crafts, babysitting, maintaining a rental property, or having a yard sale. These activities
are those for which people are paid or will be paid. 
   Travel time related to working and work-related activities includes time spent traveling to and from work, as well as time spent
traveling for work-related, income-generating, and job search activities.

   Educational activities. Time spent taking classes for a degree or for personal interest (including taking Internet or other distance-
learning courses), time spent doing research and homework, and time spent taking care of administrative tasks related to education (such
as registering for classes or obtaining a school ID) are included in this category. For high school students, before- and after-school
extracurricular activities (except sports) also are classified as educational activities. Educational activities do not include time
spent for classes or training received as part of a job. Time spent helping others with their education-related activities is classified
as an activity involving caring for and helping others.

   Organizational, civic, and religious activities. This category captures time spent volunteering for or through an organization,
performing civic obligations, and participating in religious and spiritual activities. Civic obligations include government-required
duties, such as serving jury duty or appearing in court, and activities that assist or influence government processes, such as voting
or attending town hall meetings. Religious activities include those normally associated with membership in or identification with
specific religions or denominations, such as attending religious services; participating in choirs, youth groups, orchestras, or
unpaid teaching (unless identified as volunteer activities); and engaging in personal religious practices, such as praying.

   Leisure and sports. The leisure and sports category includes time spent in sports, exercise, and recreation; socializing and
communicating; and other leisure activities. Sports, exercise, and recreation activities include participating in--as well as
attending or watching--sports, exercise, and recreational activities. Recreational activities include yard games like croquet
or horseshoes, as well as activities like billiards and dancing. Socializing and communicating includes face-to-face social 
communication and hosting or attending social functions. Leisure activities include watching television; reading; relaxing or
thinking; playing computer, board, or card games; using a computer or the Internet for personal interest; playing or listening
to music; and other activities, such as attending arts, cultural, and entertainment events.

   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail. This category captures time spent in telephone communication and household or personal mail
or e-mail. This category also includes texting and Internet voice and video calling. Telephone and Internet purchases are
classified in Purchasing goods and services. Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified as related to work or volunteering are
classified as work or volunteering.

   Other activities, not elsewhere classified. This residual category includes security procedures related to traveling, traveling
not associated with a specific activity category, ambiguous activities that could not be coded, and missing activities. Missing
activities result when respondents did not remember what they did for a period of time, or when they considered an activity too
private or personal to report. 

Processing and estimation
   After ATUS data are collected, they go through an editing and imputation procedure. Responses to CPS questions that are re-asked
in the ATUS go through the regular CPS edit and imputation procedures. Some item nonresponses for questions unique to the ATUS (such
as where an activity took place or how much time was spent doing secondary childcare) also are imputed. Missing activities and missing
values for who was present during an activity are never imputed.
   ATUS records are weighted quarterly to reduce bias in the estimates due to differences in sampling and response rates across
subpopulations and days of the week. Specifically, the data are weighted to ensure the following:

	*   Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data, and weekend days represent about 2/7 of the weighted data for the
	    population as a whole. The actual proportions depend on the number of weekdays and weekend days in a given quarter.

	*   The sum of the weights is equal to the number of person-days in the quarter for the population as a whole and for
	    selected subpopulations.

Reliability of the estimates
   Statistics based on the ATUS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, estimates differ from the true population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs because
samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
   Sample estimates from a given survey design are unbiased when an average of the estimates from all possible samples would yield,
hypothetically, the true population value. In this case, the sample estimate and its standard error can be used to construct
approximate confidence intervals, or ranges of values that include the true population value with known probabilities. If the
process of selecting a sample from the population were repeated many times, an estimate made from each sample, and a suitable
estimate of its standard error calculated for each sample, then approximately 90 percent of the intervals from 1.645 standard
errors below the estimate to 1.645 standard errors above the estimate would include the true population value. BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
   The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error, which is the average difference between population and sample values for
samples generated by a given process. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including failure to sample a segment of
the population, inability to obtain information for all persons in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing of the data. Errors also could occur if nonresponse
is correlated with time use.

Publication requirements
   Estimates of average hours per day and participation rates are not published unless there are a minimum number of respondents
representing the given population. Additional publication criteria are applied that include the number of respondents who reported
doing a specified activity and the standard error or coefficient of variation for the estimate. Estimates that are considered "close
to zero" or that round to 0.00, are published as approximately zero or "~0." For a detailed description of the statistical reliability
criteria necessary for publication, please contact ATUS staff at ATUSinfo@bls.gov.




Table 1. Time spent in primary activities and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity, averages per day
by sex, 2015 annual averages
Activity Average hours per day, civilian population
Average percent engaged in the activity per day
Average hours per day for persons who engaged in the activity
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 - - - - - -

Personal care activities

9.64 9.43 9.85 100.0 99.9 100.0 9.65 9.44 9.85

Sleeping

8.83 8.77 8.90 99.9 99.8 100.0 8.84 8.78 8.90

Eating and drinking

1.18 1.24 1.13 95.0 95.1 95.0 1.24 1.30 1.19

Household activities

1.84 1.43 2.23 76.4 67.0 85.2 2.41 2.13 2.61

Housework

0.57 0.26 0.86 36.3 21.5 50.1 1.58 1.23 1.71

Food preparation and cleanup

0.60 0.35 0.83 56.9 42.7 70.2 1.05 0.82 1.19

Lawn and garden care

0.20 0.28 0.12 9.8 12.1 7.7 2.00 2.30 1.57

Household management

0.13 0.10 0.16 18.4 15.2 21.4 0.72 0.68 0.75

Purchasing goods and services

0.75 0.60 0.88 44.0 40.0 47.7 1.70 1.50 1.86

Consumer goods purchases

0.36 0.28 0.44 40.4 36.6 43.9 0.90 0.77 0.99

Professional and personal care services

0.08 0.05 0.11 7.8 5.5 10.0 1.06 0.91 1.13

Caring for and helping household members

0.51 0.31 0.70 25.0 19.4 30.1 2.06 1.61 2.32

Caring for and helping household children

0.40 0.23 0.55 20.7 15.6 25.6 1.91 1.46 2.16

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.19 0.16 0.21 11.2 9.5 12.8 1.66 1.68 1.65

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.07 0.07 0.07 7.1 6.4 7.7 0.96 1.03 0.90

Working and work-related activities

3.53 4.18 2.92 43.9 49.8 38.5 8.03 8.40 7.58

Working

3.19 3.78 2.64 42.1 47.8 36.7 7.57 7.89 7.19

Educational activities

0.46 0.48 0.45 8.0 7.6 8.3 5.79 6.26 5.39

Attending class

0.25 0.26 0.23 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.94 5.13 4.76

Homework and research

0.17 0.17 0.17 5.7 5.4 5.9 2.99 3.08 2.92

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.33 0.29 0.37 15.0 12.8 16.9 2.23 2.28 2.20

Religious and spiritual activities

0.15 0.12 0.17 9.9 8.1 11.5 1.52 1.54 1.50

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.15 0.13 0.16 6.5 6.0 7.0 2.23 2.21 2.25

Leisure and sports

5.21 5.58 4.86 96.1 96.6 95.6 5.42 5.77 5.09

Socializing and communicating

0.68 0.64 0.72 38.1 36.2 39.9 1.78 1.77 1.80

Watching television

2.78 3.02 2.56 79.9 81.5 78.3 3.48 3.70 3.26

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.31 0.39 0.22 20.4 22.9 18.1 1.50 1.71 1.24

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.16 0.12 0.20 21.4 16.7 25.7 0.75 0.71 0.78

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.19 0.19 0.20 13.9 12.3 15.4 1.40 1.54 1.30

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.

- Not applicable.
NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 2. Time spent in primary activities and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2015 annual averages
Activity Average hours per day, civilian
population
Average percent engaged in the
activity per day
Average hours per day for persons
who engaged in the activity
Weekdays Weekends
and
holidays
Weekdays Weekends
and
holidays
Weekdays Weekends
and
holidays

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 - - - -

Personal care activities

9.42 10.17 100.0 99.9 9.42 10.18

Sleeping

8.59 9.40 99.9 99.8 8.60 9.42

Eating and drinking

1.12 1.33 95.3 94.4 1.17 1.41

Household activities

1.71 2.16 76.2 76.9 2.24 2.80

Housework

0.52 0.71 34.8 39.8 1.48 1.77

Food preparation and cleanup

0.59 0.62 58.7 52.8 1.01 1.18

Lawn and garden care

0.17 0.25 9.3 11.2 1.88 2.25

Household management

0.12 0.15 18.4 18.5 0.68 0.84

Purchasing goods and services

0.70 0.85 43.3 45.6 1.62 1.86

Consumer goods purchases

0.31 0.50 38.8 44.1 0.79 1.12

Professional and personal care services

0.10 0.04 9.5 3.8 1.07 1.00

Caring for and helping household members

0.54 0.45 26.6 21.2 2.04 2.11

Caring for and helping household children

0.41 0.37 22.2 17.3 1.84 2.13

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.17 0.23 10.4 13.2 1.63 1.74

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.06 0.09 6.2 9.1 0.93 1.00

Working and work-related activities

4.47 1.28 53.1 22.1 8.42 5.80

Working

4.04 1.17 51.0 21.1 7.93 5.55

Educational activities

0.58 0.19 9.1 5.5 6.36 3.53

Attending class

0.34 0.02 6.8 0.6 4.99 3.67

Homework and research

0.18 0.15 6.1 4.8 2.92 3.20

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.24 0.55 12.8 20.1 1.88 2.76

Religious and spiritual activities

0.08 0.32 7.2 16.2 1.09 1.96

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.14 0.16 6.5 6.6 2.12 2.49

Leisure and sports

4.69 6.43 95.6 97.2 4.91 6.62

Socializing and communicating

0.51 1.07 35.6 44.1 1.44 2.43

Watching television

2.56 3.29 79.5 80.8 3.23 4.07

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.29 0.35 21.1 18.8 1.36 1.85

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.16 0.16 22.7 18.1 0.71 0.88

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.20 0.19 14.5 12.4 1.35 1.55

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.

- Not applicable.
NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 3. Time spent in primary activities for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and
educational attainment, 2015 annual averages
Characteristic Average hours per day spent in primary activities(1)
Personal
care
activities
Eating and
drinking
Household
activities
Purchasing
goods and
services
Caring for
and
helping
household
members
Caring for
and
helping
non-
household
members
Working
and work-
related
activities
Educational
activities
Organizational,
civic, and
religious activities
Leisure
and sports
Telephone
calls, mail,
and e-mail
Other
activities,
not
elsewhere
classified

Age and sex

Total, 15 years and over

9.64 1.18 1.84 0.75 0.51 0.19 3.53 0.46 0.33 5.21 0.16 0.19

15 to 19 years

10.70 1.13 0.64 0.56 0.15 0.11 1.01 3.20 0.23 5.81 0.26 0.22

20 to 24 years

10.11 1.06 1.16 0.59 0.44 0.14 3.98 1.33 0.18 4.72 0.11 0.17

25 to 34 years

9.64 1.15 1.65 0.65 1.06 0.11 4.71 0.29 0.20 4.25 0.10 0.18

35 to 44 years

9.42 1.14 1.85 0.75 1.17 0.14 4.90 0.09 0.27 4.00 0.09 0.19

45 to 54 years

9.16 1.15 2.04 0.82 0.38 0.24 4.79 0.08 0.36 4.70 0.12 0.17

55 to 64 years

9.37 1.19 2.18 0.79 0.12 0.28 3.67 0.05 0.40 5.57 0.18 0.20

65 to 74 years

9.63 1.35 2.45 0.91 0.12 0.28 1.37 0.02 0.58 6.84 0.26 0.20

75 years and over

10.10 1.35 2.30 0.84 0.11 0.16 0.23 (2)- 0.50 7.82 0.30 0.29

Men, 15 years and over

9.43 1.24 1.43 0.60 0.31 0.16 4.18 0.48 0.29 5.58 0.12 0.19

15 to 19 years

10.57 1.10 0.48 0.43 0.07 0.08 1.02 3.22 0.20 6.38 0.23 0.22

20 to 24 years

9.90 1.10 1.07 0.48 0.08 0.21 4.08 1.49 0.20 5.10 0.13 0.16

25 to 34 years

9.40 1.20 1.26 0.48 0.53 0.10 5.63 0.24 0.19 4.69 0.09 0.19

35 to 44 years

9.31 1.20 1.29 0.58 0.76 0.12 5.91 0.06 0.25 4.30 0.07 0.16

45 to 54 years

8.86 1.22 1.48 0.66 0.32 0.15 5.75 0.07 0.31 4.96 0.08 0.15

55 to 64 years

9.09 1.26 1.82 0.67 0.12 0.25 4.10 (2)- 0.34 6.00 0.11 0.21

65 to 74 years

9.49 1.44 2.01 0.73 0.09 0.23 1.75 (3)- 0.50 7.41 0.14 0.18

75 years and over

9.82 1.49 1.91 0.79 0.09 0.16 0.41 (2)- 0.44 8.31 0.23 0.35

Women, 15 years and over

9.85 1.13 2.23 0.88 0.70 0.21 2.92 0.45 0.37 4.86 0.20 0.20

15 to 19 years

10.84 1.15 0.80 0.69 0.24 0.13 0.99 3.18 0.25 5.22 0.29 0.22

20 to 24 years

10.33 1.01 1.25 0.70 0.81 0.07 3.89 1.17 0.16 4.33 0.09 0.18

25 to 34 years

9.88 1.11 2.04 0.82 1.58 0.12 3.81 0.34 0.21 3.82 0.11 0.17

35 to 44 years

9.53 1.08 2.38 0.92 1.56 0.16 3.92 0.12 0.29 3.71 0.12 0.22

45 to 54 years

9.45 1.09 2.56 0.97 0.43 0.33 3.87 0.10 0.40 4.45 0.16 0.18

55 to 64 years

9.62 1.13 2.51 0.91 0.12 0.30 3.27 0.07 0.47 5.17 0.24 0.19

65 to 74 years

9.75 1.28 2.83 1.05 0.15 0.32 1.04 (2)- 0.64 6.35 0.36 0.21

75 years and over

10.30 1.25 2.59 0.87 0.12 0.16 0.11 (3)- 0.54 7.46 0.34 0.25

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 15 years and over

9.58 1.22 1.94 0.76 0.51 0.19 3.58 0.42 0.31 5.15 0.16 0.19

Men

9.38 1.28 1.53 0.61 0.32 0.16 4.30 0.41 0.28 5.43 0.11 0.19

Women

9.77 1.17 2.33 0.89 0.70 0.22 2.89 0.42 0.35 4.87 0.20 0.20

Black or African American, 15 years and over

10.03 0.84 1.29 0.69 0.40 0.19 3.13 0.47 0.52 6.01 0.20 0.22

Men

9.72 0.88 0.90 0.54 0.16 0.18 3.52 0.48 0.49 6.78 0.17 0.18

Women

10.29 0.80 1.62 0.82 0.59 0.21 2.81 0.46 0.55 5.38 0.23 0.25

Asian, 15 years and over

9.76 1.46 1.68 0.71 0.78 0.15 3.50 1.04 0.23 4.38 0.14 0.17

Men

9.60 1.46 1.07 0.58 0.44 0.18 3.73 (3)- 0.10 5.24 0.08 0.19

Women

9.91 1.46 2.27 0.84 1.10 0.12 3.29 0.74 0.35 3.56 0.20 0.15

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 15 years and over

9.97 1.15 1.83 0.74 0.67 0.16 3.75 0.70 0.25 4.49 0.11 0.19

Men

9.93 1.14 1.11 0.61 0.39 0.14 4.62 0.66 0.22 4.90 0.08 0.20

Women

10.01 1.15 2.54 0.86 0.95 0.17 2.89 0.74 0.29 4.09 0.14 0.17

Marital status and sex

Married, spouse present

9.34 1.27 2.16 0.79 0.72 0.20 3.86 0.09 0.38 4.87 0.13 0.20

Men

9.11 1.34 1.61 0.63 0.47 0.16 4.74 0.07 0.34 5.24 0.08 0.20

Women

9.57 1.20 2.72 0.94 0.97 0.23 2.96 0.11 0.43 4.49 0.18 0.21

Other marital statuses

9.97 1.09 1.51 0.71 0.30 0.18 3.18 0.85 0.28 5.56 0.20 0.19

Men

9.79 1.12 1.22 0.56 0.13 0.16 3.53 0.95 0.24 5.96 0.16 0.18

Women

10.11 1.07 1.75 0.83 0.44 0.19 2.88 0.78 0.32 5.22 0.23 0.19

Educational attainment, 25 years and over

Less than a high school diploma

10.07 1.10 2.11 0.70 0.55 0.21 2.76 (2)- 0.36 5.84 0.09 0.19

High school diploma, no college

9.67 1.12 2.15 0.73 0.42 0.23 3.21 0.04 0.30 5.81 0.14 0.18

Some college or associate degree

9.44 1.15 2.10 0.80 0.56 0.19 3.72 0.18 0.33 5.14 0.19 0.21

Bachelor's degree and higher

9.20 1.34 1.85 0.84 0.67 0.18 4.46 0.13 0.43 4.53 0.17 0.20

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
(2) Estimate is approximately zero.
(3) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.


Table 4. Employed persons working and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex, jobholding status, educational attainment, and day of week, 2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Total Employed Employed persons who worked on an average day Employed persons who worked on an average weekday Employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday
Number Percent of employed Average hours of work Number(1) Percent of employed Average hours of work Number(2) Percent of employed Average hours of work

Full- and part-time status and sex

Total, 15 years and over(3)

156,867 106,765 68.1 7.60 130,024 82.9 7.95 52,717 33.6 5.57

Full-time workers

122,640 88,594 72.2 8.06 108,195 88.2 8.46 41,988 34.2 5.62

Part-time workers

34,227 18,170 53.1 5.31 21,617 63.2 5.29 10,783 31.5 5.42

Men(3)

83,072 58,601 70.5 7.91 71,045 85.5 8.34 29,918 36.0 5.56

Full-time workers

70,174 51,953 74.0 8.22 63,129 90.0 8.70 25,658 36.6 5.49

Part-time workers

12,898 6,648 51.5 5.50 7,788 60.4 5.38 4,292 33.3 5.96

Women(3)

73,795 48,164 65.3 7.21 58,990 79.9 7.47 22,775 30.9 5.59

Full-time workers

52,466 36,641 69.8 7.84 45,075 85.9 8.14 16,301 31.1 5.82

Part-time workers

21,329 11,522 54.0 5.20 13,823 64.8 5.24 6,481 30.4 5.04

Jobholding status

Single jobholders

142,925 95,558 66.9 7.57 117,455 82.2 7.90 44,605 31.2 5.60

Multiple jobholders

13,942 11,206 80.4 7.77 12,574 90.2 8.43 8,074 57.9 5.40

Educational attainment, 25 years and over

Less than a high school diploma

10,736 7,272 67.7 7.95 9,210 85.8 8.09 2,907 27.1 6.92

High school graduates, no college

34,366 22,892 66.6 7.85 27,760 80.8 8.05 10,356 30.1 6.50

Some college or associate degree

33,456 22,706 67.9 7.78 28,023 83.8 8.04 10,374 31.0 6.17

Bachelor's degree and higher

56,632 40,506 71.5 7.43 49,442 87.3 8.04 19,662 34.7 3.84

Footnotes
(1) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
(2) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
(3) Includes workers whose hours vary.

NOTE: Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 5. Employed persons working on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of week, 2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Total Employed Employed persons who worked on an average day Employed persons who worked on an average weekday Employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday
Number Percent of employed Average hours of work Number(1) Percent of employed Average hours of work Number(2) Percent of employed Average hours of work

Class of worker (main job only)

Wage and salary workers

144,820 96,599 66.7 7.62 119,217 82.3 7.94 44,801 30.9 5.63

Self-employed workers(3)

11,788 8,370 71.0 6.59 9,693 82.2 7.00 4,672 39.6 4.22

Occupation (main job only)(4)

Management, business, and financial operations

26,128 19,026 72.8 7.52 23,737 90.8 8.02 7,618 29.2 3.74

Professional and related

39,491 26,921 68.2 7.22 33,051 83.7 7.76 12,644 32.0 3.95

Service

25,733 15,666 60.9 7.19 18,405 71.5 7.24 9,433 36.7 6.98

Sales and related

15,679 10,191 65.0 7.76 12,091 77.1 8.03 6,217 39.6 6.69

Office and administrative support

18,230 12,220 67.0 7.52 15,134 83.0 7.62 3,993 21.9 6.47

Farming, fishing, and forestry

1,132 (5)- (5)- 8.22 (5)- (5)- 8.47 (5)- (5)- 7.14

Construction and extraction

7,456 5,019 67.3 8.18 6,596 88.5 8.40 1,610 21.6 6.26

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,442 3,184 71.7 8.00 3,787 85.2 8.33 (5)- (5)- 5.86

Production

8,695 5,686 65.4 8.13 7,473 85.9 8.42 2,112 24.3 6.08

Transportation and material moving

9,881 6,409 64.9 8.05 7,702 77.9 8.36 3,550 35.9 6.55

Earnings of full-time wage
and salary workers
(single jobholders only)(6)

$0 - $560

25,605 17,152 67.0 8.01 20,767 81.1 8.11 8,551 33.4 7.45

$561 - $870

25,388 17,296 68.1 8.18 22,056 86.9 8.38 6,141 24.2 6.50

$871 - $1,380

25,045 17,586 70.2 8.17 21,992 87.8 8.48 6,785 27.1 5.70

$1,381 and higher

25,450 18,618 73.2 7.93 23,570 92.6 8.55 7,819 30.7 3.85

Footnotes
(1) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
(2) Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and holiday.
(3) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are classified as wage and salary
workers.
(4) These values were generated using the 2010 Census occupational classification system which was introduced with the 2011 estimates. Estimates are not strictly
comparable to those from earlier years.
(5) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
(6) These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed workers
are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held only one job.

NOTE: Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work. Data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 6. Employed persons working at home, workplace, and time spent working at each location by full- and part-time status and sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Total Employed Employed persons who worked on an average day Employed persons who worked at their workplace on an average day(1) Employed persons who worked at home on an average day(1)(2)
Number Percent of employed Average hours of work Number Percent of those who worked Average hours of work at workplace Number Percent of those who worked Average hours of work at home

Full- and part-time status and sex

Total, 15 years and over(3)

156,867 106,765 68.1 7.60 87,625 82.1 7.96 25,703 24.1 3.22

Full-time workers

122,640 88,594 72.2 8.06 74,245 83.8 8.33 21,459 24.2 3.33

Part-time workers

34,227 18,170 53.1 5.31 13,380 73.6 5.93 4,244 23.4 2.67

Men(3)

83,072 58,601 70.5 7.91 48,421 82.6 8.22 14,033 23.9 3.31

Full-time workers

70,174 51,953 74.0 8.22 43,718 84.1 8.47 12,535 24.1 3.24

Part-time workers

12,898 6,648 51.5 5.50 4,703 70.7 5.88 1,498 22.5 3.84

Women(3)

73,795 48,164 65.3 7.21 39,204 81.4 7.64 11,670 24.2 3.11

Full-time workers

52,466 36,641 69.8 7.84 30,527 83.3 8.11 8,924 24.4 3.44

Part-time workers

21,329 11,522 54.0 5.20 8,677 75.3 5.96 2,746 23.8 2.03

Jobholding status

Single jobholders

142,925 95,558 66.9 7.57 79,143 82.8 7.95 21,660 22.7 3.28

Multiple jobholders

13,942 11,206 80.4 7.77 8,482 75.7 8.06 4,043 36.1 2.88

Educational attainment, 25 years and over

Less than a high school diploma

10,736 7,272 67.7 7.95 6,800 93.5 7.98 527 7.2 (4)-

High school graduates, no college

34,366 22,892 66.6 7.85 19,714 86.1 8.05 3,198 14.0 3.95

Some college or associate degree

33,456 22,706 67.9 7.78 19,379 85.3 8.02 4,486 19.8 3.58

Bachelor's degree and higher

56,632 40,506 71.5 7.43 30,012 74.1 8.06 15,870 39.2 3.02

Footnotes
(1) Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
(2) Working at home includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
(3) Includes workers whose hours vary.
(4) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

NOTE: Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 7. Employed persons working on main job at home, workplace, and time spent working at each location by class of worker, occupation, and earnings, 2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Total Employed Employed persons who worked on an average day Employed persons who worked at their workplace on an average day(1) Employed persons who worked at home on an average day(1)(2)
Number Percent of employed Average hours of work Number Percent of those who worked Average hours of work at workplace Number Percent of those who worked Average hours of work at home

Class of worker (main job only)

Wage and salary workers

144,820 96,599 66.7 7.62 82,095 85.0 7.93 19,449 20.1 3.08

Self-employed workers(3)

11,788 8,370 71.0 6.59 4,655 55.6 7.47 4,296 51.3 4.23

Occupation (main job only)(4)

Management, business, and financial operations

26,128 19,026 72.8 7.52 13,900 73.1 8.20 7,190 37.8 3.61

Professional and related

39,491 26,921 68.2 7.22 19,717 73.2 7.90 9,311 34.6 2.94

Service

25,733 15,666 60.9 7.19 14,196 90.6 7.36 1,647 10.5 3.25

Sales and related

15,679 10,191 65.0 7.76 8,877 87.1 7.89 2,255 22.1 3.70

Office and administrative support

18,230 12,220 67.0 7.52 10,940 89.5 7.73 1,367 11.2 4.08

Farming, fishing, and forestry

1,132 (5)- (5)- 8.22 (5)- (5)- 8.28 (5)- (5)- (5)-

Construction and extraction

7,456 5,019 67.3 8.18 4,661 92.9 8.13 815 16.2 (5)-

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,442 3,184 71.7 8.00 2,908 91.3 8.39 305 9.6 (5)-

Production

8,695 5,686 65.4 8.13 5,391 94.8 8.31 314 5.5 (5)-

Transportation and material moving

9,881 6,409 64.9 8.05 5,605 87.4 8.08 492 7.7 (5)-

Earnings of full-time wage
and salary workers
(single jobholders only)(6)

$0 - $560

25,605 17,152 67.0 8.01 16,013 93.4 8.14 1,441 8.4 3.11

$561 - $870

25,388 17,296 68.1 8.18 15,823 91.5 8.34 2,269 13.1 2.61

$871 - $1,380

25,045 17,586 70.2 8.17 15,036 85.5 8.46 3,751 21.3 2.80

$1,381 and higher

25,450 18,618 73.2 7.93 14,394 77.3 8.47 6,619 35.5 3.45

Footnotes
(1) Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
(2) Working at home includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
(3) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are classified as wage and salary workers.
(4) These values were generated using the 2010 Census occupational classification system which was introduced with the 2011 estimates. Estimates are not strictly comparable to those from earlier years.
(5) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
(6) These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held only one job.

NOTE: Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work. Data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Table 8A. Time spent in primary activities for the civilian population 18 years and over by presence and age of youngest household child and sex, 2015 annual averages, total
Activity Average hours per day spent in primary activities
Household child under 18 No household children under 18
Total Youngest household child
under 6
Youngest household child
6 to 17
Total Men Women
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00

Personal care activities

9.44 9.21 9.62 9.38 9.09 9.61 9.48 9.29 9.64 9.66 9.42 9.90

Sleeping

8.64 8.54 8.72 8.66 8.52 8.76 8.63 8.56 8.70 8.85 8.77 8.92

Eating and drinking

1.12 1.19 1.07 1.14 1.17 1.12 1.11 1.20 1.04 1.22 1.27 1.17

Household activities

1.91 1.29 2.41 1.92 1.29 2.42 1.90 1.29 2.41 1.91 1.58 2.22

Housework

0.64 0.25 0.96 0.67 0.30 0.96 0.62 0.22 0.96 0.56 0.28 0.84

Food preparation and cleanup

0.74 0.35 1.06 0.80 0.38 1.12 0.70 0.33 1.02 0.56 0.37 0.74

Lawn and garden care

0.13 0.19 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.07 0.16 0.24 0.09 0.25 0.34 0.15

Household management

0.12 0.10 0.14 0.11 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.10 0.14 0.15 0.11 0.18

Purchasing goods and services

0.73 0.58 0.85 0.65 0.50 0.77 0.79 0.64 0.91 0.78 0.63 0.94

Consumer goods purchases

0.38 0.31 0.45 0.35 0.27 0.41 0.41 0.34 0.47 0.37 0.28 0.44

Professional and personal care services

0.06 0.03 0.09 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.08 0.04 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.13

Caring for and helping household members

1.40 0.88 1.83 2.15 1.31 2.81 0.85 0.58 1.08 0.06 0.05 0.07

Caring for and helping household children

1.17 0.72 1.54 1.91 1.15 2.49 0.63 0.42 0.80 - - -

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.12 0.08 0.15 0.07 0.05 0.09 0.15 0.10 0.19 0.23 0.21 0.26

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.05 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08

Working and work-related activities

4.35 5.63 3.30 4.16 5.88 2.83 4.49 5.47 3.65 3.34 3.82 2.88

Working

3.97 5.13 3.01 3.79 5.32 2.60 4.10 5.00 3.34 3.01 3.43 2.60

Educational activities

0.23 0.23 0.24 0.19 0.18 0.20 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.29

Attending class

0.09 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.11

Homework and research

0.12 0.11 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.30 0.31 0.30 0.26 0.24 0.27 0.34 0.36 0.33 0.35 0.29 0.42

Religious and spiritual activities

0.14 0.12 0.15 0.12 0.09 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.13 0.19

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.13 0.15 0.12 0.10 0.12 0.08 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.15 0.12 0.18

Leisure and sports

4.09 4.33 3.88 3.79 4.08 3.56 4.31 4.51 4.13 5.79 6.13 5.44

Socializing and communicating

0.68 0.64 0.71 0.69 0.66 0.72 0.67 0.62 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.72

Watching television

2.13 2.36 1.94 2.02 2.25 1.83 2.21 2.43 2.02 3.19 3.44 2.95

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.24 0.30 0.19 0.22 0.28 0.18 0.25 0.31 0.20 0.31 0.39 0.24

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.11 0.08 0.13 0.08 0.07 0.09 0.13 0.09 0.16 0.18 0.12 0.24

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.21 0.19 0.22 0.20 0.15 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.

- Not applicable
NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.


Table 8B. Time spent in primary activities for the civilian population 18 years and over by presence and age of youngest household child and sex, 2015 annual averages, employed
Activity Average hours per day spent in primary activities
Household child under 18 No household children under 18
Total Youngest household child
under 6
Youngest household child
6 to 17
Total Men Women
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00

Personal care activities

9.20 8.99 9.43 9.22 8.92 9.56 9.19 9.03 9.35 9.33 9.12 9.58

Sleeping

8.42 8.33 8.52 8.49 8.35 8.66 8.36 8.31 8.42 8.54 8.47 8.62

Eating and drinking

1.12 1.19 1.04 1.13 1.17 1.09 1.11 1.21 1.00 1.20 1.27 1.13

Household activities

1.54 1.22 1.89 1.51 1.18 1.88 1.56 1.24 1.90 1.57 1.34 1.83

Housework

0.45 0.22 0.71 0.48 0.25 0.73 0.44 0.19 0.70 0.43 0.26 0.63

Food preparation and cleanup

0.57 0.34 0.82 0.58 0.34 0.84 0.56 0.33 0.81 0.44 0.28 0.61

Lawn and garden care

0.13 0.19 0.06 0.09 0.12 0.05 0.16 0.24 0.07 0.19 0.26 0.11

Household management

0.12 0.10 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.16

Purchasing goods and services

0.68 0.55 0.82 0.59 0.51 0.69 0.74 0.58 0.90 0.71 0.55 0.89

Consumer goods purchases

0.35 0.28 0.42 0.33 0.28 0.38 0.37 0.29 0.45 0.34 0.25 0.43

Professional and personal care services

0.06 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.03 0.06 0.07 0.03 0.12 0.07 0.04 0.11

Caring for and helping household members

1.17 0.89 1.47 1.74 1.29 2.24 0.76 0.59 0.93 0.04 0.04 0.04

Caring for and helping household children

0.95 0.73 1.18 1.50 1.13 1.91 0.56 0.44 0.68 - - -

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.09 0.07 0.12 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.11 0.08 0.14 0.21 0.18 0.23

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.04 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.07

Working and work-related activities

5.85 6.57 5.06 5.68 6.62 4.61 5.97 6.54 5.37 5.63 5.97 5.25

Working

5.38 6.03 4.68 5.23 6.05 4.29 5.49 6.01 4.94 5.14 5.44 4.79

Educational activities

0.19 0.16 0.21 0.18 0.15 0.22 0.19 0.17 0.21 0.23 (2)- 0.25

Attending class

0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08 (2)- 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.09

Homework and research

0.09 0.07 0.10 0.08 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.11 0.13 0.12 0.13

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.29 0.28 0.30 0.26 0.25 0.26 0.31 0.30 0.33 0.26 0.24 0.29

Religious and spiritual activities

0.12 0.11 0.13 0.12 0.10 0.15 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.13

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.13 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 0.07 0.16 0.14 0.17 0.11 0.10 0.12

Leisure and sports

3.62 3.84 3.38 3.40 3.66 3.11 3.77 3.97 3.57 4.53 4.83 4.18

Socializing and communicating

0.63 0.63 0.63 0.67 0.69 0.65 0.60 0.58 0.61 0.62 0.57 0.67

Watching television

1.83 2.03 1.62 1.72 1.90 1.52 1.91 2.12 1.69 2.37 2.61 2.09

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.24 0.26 0.21 0.22 0.24 0.20 0.25 0.28 0.21 0.32 0.36 0.27

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.09 0.07 0.12 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.11 0.08 0.15 0.12 0.09 0.16

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.17 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.12 0.19 0.19 0.21 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.15

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
(2) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

- Not applicable
NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.


Table 8C. Time spent in primary activities for the civilian population 18 years and over by presence and age of youngest household child and sex, 2015 annual averages, not employed
Activity Average hours per day spent in primary activities
Household child under 18 No household children under 18
Total Youngest household child
under 6
Youngest household child
6 to 17
Total Men Women
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00

Personal care activities

10.09 10.45 9.97 9.80 10.30 9.68 10.33 10.53 10.24 10.13 9.94 10.27

Sleeping

9.27 9.78 9.09 9.08 9.79 8.91 9.42 9.77 9.27 9.28 9.29 9.27

Eating and drinking

1.14 1.17 1.14 1.16 1.18 1.16 1.13 1.16 1.11 1.24 1.28 1.21

Household activities

2.94 1.72 3.35 3.00 2.04 3.23 2.88 1.56 3.47 2.38 1.99 2.68

Housework

1.17 0.44 1.41 1.17 0.63 1.30 1.16 0.35 1.52 0.75 0.32 1.09

Food preparation and cleanup

1.22 0.46 1.49 1.37 0.67 1.53 1.11 0.36 1.44 0.73 0.52 0.89

Lawn and garden care

0.14 0.20 0.11 0.10 (2)- 0.10 0.16 0.24 0.13 0.32 0.48 0.20

Household management

0.13 0.10 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.13 0.14 0.09 0.15 0.19 0.15 0.22

Purchasing goods and services

0.87 0.77 0.91 0.80 0.42 0.88 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.89 0.76 0.99

Consumer goods purchases

0.48 0.45 0.48 0.40 0.21 0.45 0.53 0.57 0.52 0.41 0.34 0.46

Professional and personal care services

0.08 (2)- 0.09 0.07 (2)- 0.08 0.08 (2)- 0.09 0.13 0.10 0.16

Caring for and helping household members

2.07 0.85 2.48 3.25 1.48 3.67 1.11 0.53 1.37 0.09 0.08 0.09

Caring for and helping household children

1.79 0.67 2.18 2.97 1.29 3.37 0.84 0.35 1.06 - - -

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.18 0.12 0.20 0.08 (2)- 0.09 0.25 0.16 0.29 0.27 0.25 0.29

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.08 0.06 0.08 0.03 (2)- 0.04 0.11 (2)- 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.09

Working and work-related activities(3)

0.18 (2)- 0.13 0.21 (2)- 0.13 0.15 (2)- 0.12 0.13 0.17 0.10

Working(3)

(2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (2)- (4)- (2)- (4)-

Educational activities

0.36 (2)- 0.28 0.22 (2)- 0.18 0.48 (2)- 0.38 0.36 0.40 0.33

Attending class

0.12 (2)- 0.09 (2)- (2)- (2)- 0.18 (2)- 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.13

Homework and research

0.21 (2)- 0.17 0.16 (2)- 0.13 0.25 (2)- (2)- 0.18 0.19 0.17

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.35 (2)- 0.31 0.26 (2)- 0.29 0.42 (2)- 0.33 0.48 0.38 0.56

Religious and spiritual activities

0.19 0.19 0.18 0.13 (2)- 0.16 0.23 0.28 0.21 0.22 0.17 0.26

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.13 (2)- 0.10 0.10 (2)- 0.10 0.15 (2)- 0.09 0.21 0.16 0.25

Leisure and sports

5.39 7.16 4.78 4.80 7.07 4.26 5.86 7.21 5.27 7.55 8.34 6.93

Socializing and communicating

0.82 0.68 0.87 0.75 0.44 0.82 0.89 0.81 0.92 0.77 0.78 0.77

Watching television

2.95 4.24 2.50 2.79 4.83 2.30 3.08 3.95 2.70 4.35 4.84 3.96

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.24 0.48 0.16 0.21 (2)- 0.14 0.27 0.46 0.18 0.30 0.43 0.20

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.14 0.11 0.15 0.09 0.07 0.10 0.18 0.13 0.20 0.26 0.18 0.33

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.30 0.30 0.30 0.33 (2)- 0.33 0.28 (2)- 0.28 0.22 0.22 0.22

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
(2) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
(3) Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the American Time Use Survey definition for employed.
(4) Estimate is approximately zero.

- Not applicable
NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.


Table 9. Time adults spent caring for household children as a primary activity by sex, age, and day of week, average for the combined years 2011-2015
Childcare activities Average hours per day adults spent caring for household children
Total Weekdays Weekends and holidays
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Children under age 18, total

Caring for household children as a primary activity

1.35 0.91 1.73 1.43 0.90 1.87 1.17 0.91 1.38

Physical care

0.42 0.22 0.58 0.44 0.23 0.62 0.36 0.21 0.49

Education-related activities

0.11 0.07 0.15 0.14 0.08 0.19 0.04 0.03 0.05

Reading to/with children

0.04 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.04

Talking to/with children

0.05 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.02 0.05

Playing/doing hobbies with children

0.30 0.26 0.34 0.28 0.22 0.32 0.37 0.35 0.38

Looking after children

0.08 0.07 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.10

Attending children's events

0.06 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.09 0.08 0.10

Travel related to care of household children

0.18 0.12 0.23 0.22 0.14 0.29 0.09 0.08 0.10

Other childcare activities

0.11 0.07 0.15 0.14 0.08 0.19 0.05 0.04 0.06

Youngest child ages 6 to 17

Caring for household children as a primary activity

0.82 0.57 1.03 0.90 0.60 1.15 0.63 0.51 0.74

Physical care

0.14 0.07 0.20 0.16 0.09 0.22 0.10 0.05 0.14

Education-related activities

0.13 0.08 0.17 0.17 0.10 0.22 0.05 0.04 0.06

Reading to/with children

0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02

Talking to/with children

0.06 0.04 0.08 0.07 0.04 0.09 0.04 0.02 0.05

Playing/doing hobbies with children

0.07 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.11 0.13 0.09

Looking after children

0.05 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06

Attending children's events

0.08 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.13 0.10 0.15

Travel related to care of household children

0.17 0.12 0.21 0.20 0.14 0.26 0.09 0.07 0.10

Other childcare activities

0.10 0.06 0.13 0.11 0.07 0.16 0.05 0.04 0.06

Child under age 6

Caring for household children as a primary activity

2.02 1.34 2.56 2.10 1.30 2.74 1.82 1.44 2.13

Physical care

0.76 0.41 1.04 0.79 0.41 1.10 0.69 0.41 0.91

Education-related activities

0.09 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.06 0.16 0.03 0.02 0.04

Reading to/with children

0.06 0.04 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.05 0.04 0.06

Talking to/with children

0.04 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.04

Playing/doing hobbies with children

0.59 0.49 0.67 0.55 0.42 0.65 0.69 0.64 0.73

Looking after children

0.11 0.09 0.13 0.10 0.07 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14

Attending children's events

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.04

Travel related to care of household children

0.20 0.13 0.25 0.24 0.15 0.32 0.09 0.08 0.10

Other childcare activities

0.13 0.08 0.18 0.17 0.10 0.23 0.05 0.03 0.07

NOTE: Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.


Table 10. Time adults spent in primary activities while providing childcare as a secondary activity by sex, age, and day of week, average for the combined years 2011-2015
Childcare activities(1) Average hours per day adults spent caring for household children(2)
Total Weekdays Weekends and holidays
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Children under age 13, total

Total

5.07 4.10 5.87 4.13 3.06 5.01 7.26 6.52 7.87

Personal care activities

0.26 0.17 0.33 0.22 0.15 0.29 0.34 0.23 0.44

Household activities

1.20 0.68 1.62 1.03 0.48 1.47 1.61 1.16 1.98

Purchasing goods and services

0.35 0.26 0.43 0.27 0.17 0.36 0.54 0.46 0.60

Working and work-related activities

0.19 0.19 0.19 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.14 0.15 0.12

Eating and drinking

0.65 0.58 0.71 0.54 0.45 0.61 0.92 0.86 0.97

Leisure and sports

2.01 1.90 2.10 1.55 1.38 1.69 3.08 3.11 3.06

Other activities

0.41 0.32 0.48 0.31 0.22 0.38 0.63 0.54 0.71

Youngest child ages 6 to 12

Total

4.71 3.95 5.35 3.70 2.97 4.33 7.09 6.26 7.81

Personal care activities

0.24 0.17 0.30 0.21 0.16 0.26 0.32 0.21 0.41

Household activities

1.06 0.63 1.42 0.85 0.44 1.20 1.55 1.07 1.96

Purchasing goods and services

0.29 0.21 0.36 0.21 0.13 0.27 0.49 0.39 0.57

Working and work-related activities

0.21 0.21 0.20 0.23 0.24 0.22 0.16 0.17 0.15

Eating and drinking

0.58 0.53 0.63 0.47 0.42 0.52 0.85 0.79 0.90

Leisure and sports

1.94 1.90 1.98 1.47 1.41 1.52 3.07 3.07 3.08

Other activities

0.38 0.29 0.46 0.27 0.18 0.34 0.66 0.56 0.75

Child under age 6

Total

5.34 4.21 6.24 4.46 3.13 5.51 7.38 6.71 7.91

Personal care activities

0.27 0.17 0.35 0.23 0.14 0.31 0.36 0.24 0.46

Household activities

1.31 0.73 1.77 1.16 0.51 1.67 1.65 1.23 1.99

Purchasing goods and services

0.39 0.29 0.48 0.32 0.19 0.42 0.57 0.51 0.62

Working and work-related activities

0.18 0.17 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.12 0.14 0.10

Eating and drinking

0.70 0.62 0.77 0.59 0.48 0.67 0.98 0.93 1.01

Leisure and sports

2.06 1.90 2.19 1.62 1.37 1.82 3.09 3.13 3.05

Other activities

0.42 0.33 0.49 0.34 0.25 0.41 0.61 0.53 0.68

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
(2) Secondary childcare is defined as time one has a child under 13 years "in his or her care" while doing something else as a primary activity; information on secondary
childcare is not collected for children over 12 years. Estimates include a small amount of care provided to own, nonhousehold children.

NOTE: Includes persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13 years, whether or not they provided childcare.


Table 11. Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
Characteristic Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities
Total, all leisure and sports activities Participating in
sports, exercise and
recreation
Socializing and
communicating
Watching TV Reading Relaxing/
thinking
Playing games
and computer
use for leisure
Other leisure
and sports
activities,
including
travel(1)
Total,
all
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days
Week-
days
Week-
ends
and
holi-
days

Sex

Men

5.58 4.96 7.02 0.37 0.44 0.48 1.00 2.71 3.75 0.26 0.31 0.30 0.33 0.47 0.60 0.37 0.59

Women

4.86 4.44 5.88 0.21 0.27 0.54 1.13 2.43 2.86 0.37 0.38 0.26 0.29 0.31 0.40 0.32 0.56

Age

Total, 15 years and over

5.21 4.69 6.43 0.29 0.35 0.51 1.07 2.56 3.29 0.32 0.35 0.28 0.31 0.39 0.50 0.34 0.58

15 to 19 years

5.81 5.42 6.71 0.56 0.65 0.60 1.14 2.39 2.42 0.21 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.98 1.31 0.55 0.93

20 to 24 years

4.72 4.16 6.01 0.35 0.46 0.54 1.16 1.98 2.47 0.11 0.12 0.19 (2)- 0.66 0.86 0.34 0.69

25 to 34 years

4.25 3.41 6.16 0.25 0.37 0.43 1.37 1.81 2.93 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.27 0.55 0.31 0.59

35 to 44 years

4.00 3.40 5.43 0.27 0.34 0.46 1.00 1.78 2.84 0.15 0.20 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.31 0.29 0.50

45 to 54 years

4.70 4.14 6.06 0.21 0.34 0.59 1.08 2.35 3.13 0.21 0.24 0.27 0.41 0.22 0.32 0.29 0.54

55 to 64 years

5.57 5.09 6.69 0.27 0.28 0.50 0.91 2.98 3.82 0.37 0.39 0.31 0.38 0.32 0.31 0.35 0.59

65 to 74 years

6.84 6.60 7.42 0.31 0.25 0.50 0.91 3.94 4.24 0.63 0.75 0.37 0.38 0.44 0.44 0.41 0.45

75 years and over

7.82 7.65 8.21 0.21 0.17 0.59 0.90 4.34 4.79 0.99 1.08 0.67 0.51 0.50 0.34 0.34 0.42

Race and Hispanic or
Latino ethnicity

White

5.15 4.59 6.46 0.30 0.35 0.51 1.09 2.46 3.27 0.35 0.38 0.25 0.29 0.38 0.51 0.34 0.57

Black or African American

6.01 5.73 6.68 0.22 0.28 0.56 1.00 3.62 3.78 0.18 0.18 0.50 0.47 0.26 0.41 0.39 0.56

Asian

4.38 3.98 5.37 0.35 0.44 0.50 0.89 1.84 2.44 0.14 0.20 0.18 0.27 0.71 0.63 0.27 0.50

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.49 3.94 5.80 0.28 0.29 0.47 1.12 2.20 2.97 0.10 0.14 0.33 0.35 0.30 0.39 0.26 0.54

Employment status

Employed

4.18 3.48 5.81 0.25 0.40 0.43 1.07 1.85 2.84 0.18 0.25 0.21 0.25 0.25 0.43 0.30 0.57

Full-time workers

4.05 3.28 5.89 0.24 0.40 0.41 1.13 1.76 2.91 0.17 0.24 0.21 0.25 0.21 0.37 0.29 0.59

Part-time workers

4.62 4.19 5.55 0.29 0.39 0.52 0.88 2.19 2.61 0.23 0.28 0.21 0.25 0.42 0.63 0.33 0.51

Not employed

6.86 6.61 7.46 0.35 0.26 0.64 1.07 3.69 4.03 0.52 0.50 0.38 0.40 0.60 0.61 0.42 0.59

Earnings of full-time wage
and salary workers
(single jobholders only)(3)

$0 - $560

4.22 3.63 5.64 0.16 0.23 0.37 1.03 2.04 3.16 0.17 0.13 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.38 0.33 0.42

$561 - $870

4.23 3.37 6.25 0.20 0.45 0.44 1.32 1.90 3.07 0.13 0.17 0.25 0.27 0.22 0.43 0.23 0.54

$871 - $1,380

4.21 3.43 6.11 0.28 0.50 0.42 1.04 1.87 3.11 0.17 0.25 0.20 0.24 0.20 0.35 0.30 0.62

$1,381 and higher

3.94 3.02 5.94 0.29 0.47 0.42 1.07 1.49 2.68 0.21 0.39 0.12 0.22 0.19 0.37 0.29 0.74

Presence and age of
household children

No household children under 18

5.80 5.30 6.99 0.31 0.34 0.52 1.05 2.96 3.68 0.41 0.47 0.30 0.35 0.44 0.51 0.36 0.59

Household children under 18

4.19 3.66 5.47 0.25 0.36 0.51 1.10 1.89 2.61 0.15 0.13 0.25 0.24 0.29 0.47 0.32 0.56

Children 13 to 17 years, none younger

4.73 4.21 5.99 0.28 0.54 0.54 1.04 2.03 2.88 0.19 0.14 0.24 0.29 0.52 0.57 0.40 0.53

Children 6 to 12 years, none younger

4.19 3.68 5.45 0.24 0.35 0.50 1.04 1.97 2.40 0.16 0.16 0.25 0.26 0.23 0.53 0.33 0.70

Youngest child under 6 years

3.88 3.31 5.19 0.23 0.28 0.49 1.18 1.72 2.63 0.12 0.10 0.26 0.19 0.21 0.36 0.27 0.45

Marital status and sex

Married, spouse present

4.87 4.35 6.12 0.27 0.31 0.50 1.04 2.41 3.22 0.32 0.37 0.27 0.32 0.28 0.32 0.30 0.54

Men

5.24 4.62 6.72 0.31 0.41 0.47 0.99 2.68 3.71 0.28 0.37 0.29 0.33 0.27 0.35 0.32 0.57

Women

4.49 4.08 5.49 0.23 0.21 0.54 1.09 2.12 2.72 0.36 0.37 0.26 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.28 0.50

Other marital statuses

5.56 5.05 6.76 0.30 0.39 0.52 1.10 2.73 3.36 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.30 0.50 0.67 0.39 0.62

Men

5.96 5.36 7.36 0.44 0.47 0.50 1.02 2.74 3.79 0.23 0.25 0.31 0.32 0.71 0.89 0.42 0.62

Women

5.22 4.79 6.24 0.19 0.32 0.54 1.17 2.73 2.99 0.38 0.38 0.26 0.28 0.33 0.48 0.37 0.62

Educational attainment,
25 years and over

Less than a high school diploma

5.84 5.42 6.85 0.15 0.27 0.51 1.06 3.48 4.10 0.13 0.13 0.60 0.67 0.22 0.27 0.33 0.36

High school graduates, no college

5.81 5.40 6.83 0.23 0.21 0.54 1.00 3.28 4.05 0.32 0.33 0.41 0.40 0.31 0.38 0.31 0.45

Some college or associate degree

5.14 4.56 6.44 0.25 0.30 0.48 0.94 2.59 3.55 0.34 0.38 0.26 0.31 0.33 0.44 0.33 0.54

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.53 3.90 6.03 0.32 0.40 0.49 1.17 1.87 2.72 0.44 0.53 0.15 0.19 0.30 0.37 0.33 0.64

Footnotes
(1) Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports activities.
(2) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
(3) These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed workers are
excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held only one job.

NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.


Table 12. Average hours per day spent in primary activities for the civilian population, 2015 quarterly and annual averages [Not seasonally adjusted]
Activity 2015
Quarterly averages Annual
average
I II III IV

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00

Personal care activities

9.62 9.73 9.59 9.63 9.64

Sleeping

8.81 8.88 8.79 8.86 8.83

Eating and drinking

1.19 1.18 1.21 1.16 1.18

Household activities

1.75 1.88 1.86 1.86 1.84

Housework

0.60 0.54 0.56 0.59 0.57

Food preparation and cleanup

0.63 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.60

Lawn and garden care

0.08 0.34 0.23 0.14 0.20

Household management

0.15 0.11 0.12 0.14 0.13

Purchasing goods and services

0.72 0.72 0.72 0.83 0.75

Consumer goods purchases

0.35 0.33 0.34 0.42 0.36

Professional and personal care services

0.09 0.08 0.07 0.09 0.08

Caring for and helping household members

0.54 0.52 0.48 0.51 0.51

Caring for and helping household children

0.43 0.40 0.37 0.39 0.40

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.19 0.20 0.19 0.17 0.19

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.07 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.07

Working and work-related activities

3.52 3.58 3.69 3.32 3.53

Working

3.18 3.25 3.30 3.02 3.19

Educational activities

0.49 0.43 0.30 0.63 0.46

Attending class

0.26 0.25 0.14 0.33 0.25

Homework and research

0.19 0.14 0.12 0.23 0.17

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.34 0.36 0.33 0.30 0.33

Religious and spiritual activities

0.15 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.15

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.15 0.16 0.15 0.12 0.15

Leisure and sports

5.30 5.06 5.25 5.23 5.21

Socializing and communicating

0.59 0.71 0.73 0.68 0.68

Watching television

2.96 2.63 2.62 2.91 2.78

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.25 0.34 0.37 0.26 0.31

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.17 0.13 0.16 0.18 0.16

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.17 0.21 0.21 0.18 0.19

Footnotes
(1) All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.

NOTE: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Data refer to persons 15 years and over.


Last Modified Date: June 24, 2016