Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing Industries News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, March 23, 2011                                            USDL-11-0395

Technical Information:	(202) 691-5618  •  dipsweb@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media Contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY: MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, 2009


Labor productivity - defined as output per hour - rose in 28 percent of the 86 detailed manufacturing 
industries studied in 2009, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This was down from 38 
percent of the detailed manufacturing industries in 2008 and 56 percent in 2007. Unit labor costs, which 
reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of output, declined in 14 percent of the industries 
in 2009.

Output and hours also rose in fewer industries in 2009 than in the previous two years. Output rose in 7 
of the 86 industries in 2009, while hours increased in only 1. Output and hours declined at double-digit 
rates in over 7 out of 10 industries studied.

Productivity increased the most in seafood product preparation and packaging and in agricultural 
chemical manufacturing. In both industries, hours declined while output increased. Productivity fell the 
most in audio and video equipment manufacturing, where output declined much more than hours.

Industry labor productivity measures are updated as data become available. Productivity measures for 
industries in other sectors can be accessed on the BLS Labor Productivity and Costs web site at 
www.bls.gov/lpc.

Labor productivity increased in only 5 of the 21 3-digit NAICS manufacturing industries in 2009. 
Output fell in all but one of these industries, and hours declined in all of them. Unit labor costs fell in 3 
of the industries.

The industry productivity performance in 2009 contrasts with industry productivity performance over 
the longer term. Between 1987 and 2009, labor productivity increased in 93 percent of the detailed 
manufacturing industries and unit labor costs declined in 14 percent of the industries. There is a 
significantly more negative distribution of productivity growth rates in the most recent year compared to 
those for the longer-term period from 1987 to 2009.


                                             Technical Note

Labor Productivity: The industry labor productivity measures describe the relationship between 
industry output and the labor time involved in its production.  They show the changes from period to 
period in the amount of goods and services produced per hour. Although the labor productivity measures 
relate output to hours of all persons in an industry, they do not measure the specific contribution of labor 
or any other factor of production.  Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including 
changes in technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the use of 
purchased services inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of production; 
managerial skill; and the characteristics and effort of the workforce.

Output:  Industry output is measured as an annual-weighted index of the changes in the various 
products (in real terms) provided for sale outside the industry. Real industry output is usually derived by 
deflating nominal sales or values of production using BLS price indexes, but for some industries it is 
measured by physical quantities of output. For manufacturing industries, industry output reflects sectoral 
value of production, derived by adjusting shipments for changes in inventories and removing intra-
industry transactions.

Industry output measures are constructed primarily using data from the economic censuses and annual 
surveys of the Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, together with information on price 
changes primarily from BLS.  

Labor Hours:  The primary source of data on industry employment and hours is the BLS Current 
Employment Statistics (CES) survey. The CES provides monthly data on the number of total and 
production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments, as well as data on 
the average weekly hours of production workers in those establishments. CES data are supplemented 
with data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) to estimate employment and hours of self-
employed and unpaid family workers in each industry. Data from the CPS, together with the CES data, 
are also used to estimate the historical average weekly hours of nonproduction workers for each industry. 
CES and CPS data are supplemented or further disaggregated for some industries using data from the 
BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), the Bureau of the Census, or other sources. 
Hours of all persons in an industry are treated as homogeneous and are directly aggregated.

Unit Labor Costs:  Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of output.  
The unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of industry labor compensation by an 
index of real industry output.  Unit labor costs also describe the relationship between compensation per 
hour and real output per hour (labor productivity). Increases in hourly compensation increase unit labor 
costs; increases in labor productivity offset compensation increases and lower unit labor costs. 
      
Compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a measure of the cost to the employer 
of securing the services of labor. Payroll includes salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, 
vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind.  Supplemental payments include legally required 
expenditures and payments for voluntary programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of 
Federal old age and survivors’ insurance, unemployment compensation, and workers’ compensation. 
Payments for voluntary programs include all programs not specifically required by legislation, such as the 
employer portion of private health insurance and pension plans.
      
Revisions: This news release incorporates data from the 2009 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) 
and the November 2010 Subject Series Revision to the 2007 Economic Census, both published by the 
Census Bureau. The labor productivity and output series for all industries have been revised for 2008 
and earlier years as a result. This news release also incorporates the annual benchmark revision of the 
BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey published in February 2011. The industries included 
in this release are classified according to the 2007 NAICS. All of the measures for 2009 in this release 
are preliminary and subject to revision.

Additional Information: While the rates of change reported by BLS in this news release are rounded to 
one decimal place, all industry productivity percent changes are calculated using index numbers rounded 
to three decimal places.

Year-to-year movements in industry productivity may be erratic, particularly in smaller industries. The 
annual measures based on sample data may differ from measures generated by a census of 
establishments in the industry. Annual changes in an industry’s output and use of labor may reflect 
cyclical changes in the economy as well as long-term trends. As a result, long-term productivity trends 
tend to be more reliable indicators of industry performance than year-to-year changes.

Industry productivity and related indexes and rates of change can be accessed online by visiting the 
Labor Productivity and Costs web site at www.bls.gov/lpc. Levels of industry employment, hours, labor 
compensation, and value of production, and the implicit price deflator for output for these industries, are 
available by calling the Division of Industry Productivity Studies (202-691-5618) or by sending an 
e-mail to dipsweb@bls.gov. Information in this report will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5618; TDD message referral phone number: 1-800-877-
8339.

To subscribe to the industry productivity program’s electronic notification service, send an e-mail to 
dipsnews@bls.gov with the word “subscribe” in the subject line.


Table 1.  Percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 2008-2009

                                                                                      Percent change, 2008-2009
                                                                2009     ---------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                       Employment   Output                        Labor     Unit labor
 code                                                       (thousands)  per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                           Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1491       3.5       0.5      -2.9       0.3       -0.2
3111         Animal food                                           53       5.9       3.5      -2.3      -1.1       -4.4
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                             60       8.4       6.4      -1.8       2.2       -3.9
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                      73       3.0      -4.6      -7.4       0.3        5.1
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty         175      -5.4      -3.3       2.2       2.4        5.9
3115         Dairy products                                       133       6.2       1.9      -4.1       3.8        1.8
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                   500       3.1       0.6      -2.4       0.7        0.0
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging             38      18.3       5.7     -10.6      -5.9      -10.9
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                  296       1.7      -1.4      -3.0      -3.5       -2.1
3119         Other food products                                  163       4.6      -1.1      -5.5       0.3        1.4

312      Beverages and tobacco products                           195       3.7      -8.0     -11.3      -9.5       -1.7
3121         Beverages                                            176       9.1      -1.9     -10.1      -6.5       -4.6
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                          19      -1.9     -22.2     -20.7     -25.1       -3.8

313      Textile mills                                            135      -0.2     -18.1     -18.0     -18.4       -0.4
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                         31      -7.2     -24.4     -18.5     -21.5        3.9
3132         Fabric mills                                          60       3.7     -14.9     -17.9     -16.1       -1.4
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                    44      -3.4     -20.4     -17.6     -20.3        0.1

314      Textile product mills                                    144     -11.5     -24.7     -14.9     -18.0        8.9
3141         Textile furnishings mills                             69     -14.6     -27.9     -15.5     -18.8       12.6
3149         Other textile product mills                           75      -5.9     -19.3     -14.3     -17.2        2.6

315      Apparel                                                  192     -16.8     -27.6     -13.0     -22.3        7.3
3151         Apparel knitting mills                                24      -0.4     -25.8     -25.6     -16.3       12.9
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                  153     -22.0     -30.3     -10.6     -24.4        8.4
3159         Accessories and other apparel                         15       0.1     -12.0     -12.1     -10.8        1.5

316      Leather and allied products                               33     -11.4     -22.5     -12.5     -16.2        8.1
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing                 4     -16.9     -29.2     -14.8     -27.0        3.1
3162         Footwear                                              15      -5.5     -19.1     -14.4     -12.6        8.1
3169         Other leather products                                14     -15.2     -23.4      -9.7     -15.4       10.5

321      Wood products                                            389      -2.5     -23.9     -21.9     -23.5        0.5
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                        84       7.3     -14.3     -20.1     -19.4       -6.0
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                  68      -2.2     -28.2     -26.6     -29.1       -1.2
3219         Other wood products                                  237      -6.3     -26.1     -21.1     -23.0        4.2

322      Paper and paper products                                 408       0.7     -10.7     -11.3      -7.9        3.2
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                    118      -1.4      -9.2      -7.9      -3.7        6.0
3222         Converted paper products                             290       1.6     -11.3     -12.7     -10.5        1.0

323      Printing and related support activities                  550      -4.1     -14.9     -11.3     -14.8        0.2
3231         Printing and related support activities              550      -4.1     -14.9     -11.3     -14.8        0.2

324      Petroleum and coal products                              117       2.8      -2.6      -5.3       0.4        3.2
3241         Petroleum and coal products                          117       2.8      -2.6      -5.3       0.4        3.2

325      Chemicals                                                807      -5.4     -10.7      -5.6      -5.3        6.1
3251         Basic chemicals                                      146     -12.1     -16.7      -5.3      -7.4       11.2
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                  92      -7.3     -17.3     -10.9      -9.3        9.7
3253         Agricultural chemicals                                37      14.1      12.3      -1.5      -3.7      -14.2
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                        285      -4.6      -6.7      -2.3      -1.5        5.6
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                       57      -6.3     -17.1     -11.5     -10.1        8.4
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries            103      -0.5      -7.6      -7.1      -5.8        1.9
3259         Other chemical products and preparations              87      -4.8     -10.6      -6.1      -6.5        4.6

326      Plastics and rubber products                             631      -1.0     -17.2     -16.4     -13.3        4.7
3261         Plastics products                                    506      -1.1     -17.3     -16.4     -13.4        4.7
3262         Rubber products                                      124      -0.5     -16.8     -16.4     -13.0        4.6

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                             409      -7.0     -23.0     -17.3     -17.9        6.7
3271         Clay products and refractories                        51     -14.6     -28.1     -15.9     -26.1        2.9
3272         Glass and glass products                              89       3.1     -14.4     -17.0     -10.2        4.9
3273         Cement and concrete products                         186     -10.4     -27.6     -19.2     -20.7        9.7
3274         Lime and gypsum products                              15      -7.1     -22.1     -16.2     -21.9        0.4
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                    69      -5.7     -18.3     -13.4     -15.3        3.7

331      Primary metals                                           365     -13.1     -30.3     -19.7     -19.1       16.0
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production        86     -22.4     -34.7     -15.8     -20.4       21.9
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                   51     -15.6     -31.6     -19.0     -19.8       17.2
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                       56      -5.1     -21.8     -17.5     -18.6        4.1
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                     58     -14.5     -24.6     -11.8     -11.0       17.9
3315         Foundries                                            114       1.8     -26.2     -27.5     -21.7        6.0

332      Fabricated metal products                               1344      -8.3     -23.3     -16.3     -16.5        8.9
3321         Forging and stamping                                  89      -6.8     -26.7     -21.3     -18.1       11.7
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                                45     -11.8     -19.5      -8.7     -19.3        0.2
3323         Architectural and structural metals                  351      -9.2     -23.5     -15.8     -18.1        7.1
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers               89      -4.4     -16.4     -12.6     -14.8        1.9
3325         Hardware                                              25     -13.2     -27.6     -16.7     -17.6       13.8
3326         Spring and wire products                              44      -4.3     -22.2     -18.7     -15.8        8.3
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                  323     -11.6     -25.7     -15.9     -18.8        9.2
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals         123      -6.2     -26.5     -21.6     -17.6       12.1
3329         Other fabricated metal products                      255      -7.3     -21.4     -15.2      -9.9       14.6

333      Machinery                                               1037      -6.1     -22.3     -17.3     -13.7       11.1
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery      215     -11.2     -23.5     -13.8     -12.5       14.3
3332         Industrial machinery                                 103      -8.5     -27.5     -20.8     -12.6       20.5
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery             97      -3.1     -13.3     -10.6      -7.0        7.3
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment          129       0.9     -17.5     -18.3     -10.7        8.3
3335         Metalworking machinery                               160      -8.6     -29.9     -23.4     -21.6       11.9
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment              95     -13.0     -24.5     -13.3     -14.6       13.2
3339         Other general purpose machinery                      238      -3.3     -20.7     -18.0     -13.4        9.2

334      Computer and electronic products                        1145      -2.1     -12.0     -10.1      -7.7        4.9
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                    168      -0.3     -10.3     -10.0     -12.4       -2.4
3342         Communications equipment                             122     -15.4     -18.8      -4.0     -11.3        9.3
3343         Audio and video equipment                             24     -33.3     -45.6     -18.5     -26.5       35.1
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components             381      -3.9     -17.2     -13.8     -13.1        4.9
3345         Electronic instruments                               422       1.0      -6.1      -7.1      -1.7        4.7
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction         29      10.7     -12.5     -21.0      -9.8        3.1

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                      376      -4.6     -19.8     -15.9     -12.3        9.3
3351         Electric lighting equipment                           49      -0.9     -19.8     -19.1     -10.0       12.2
3352         Household appliances                                  60       1.3     -17.2     -18.2     -13.1        4.9
3353         Electrical equipment                                 146      -6.3     -19.9     -14.4     -13.3        8.2
3359         Other electrical equipment and components            122      -7.0     -21.1     -15.1     -11.8       11.7

336      Transportation equipment                                1362      -2.6     -19.0     -16.8     -11.9        8.7
3361         Motor vehicles                                       147      -4.3     -30.2     -27.1     -24.0        8.9
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                    106      -7.1     -30.9     -25.6     -25.5        7.8
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                  420      -0.5     -25.6     -25.2     -24.3        1.7
3364         Aerospace products and parts                         496       3.0       0.8      -2.1       1.5        0.7
3365         Railroad rolling stock                                23       2.1     -25.9     -27.4     -11.0       20.0
3366         Ship and boat building                               132       5.0     -14.3     -18.4      -3.7       12.4
3369         Other transportation equipment                        40     -15.3     -18.6      -3.8      -2.0       20.4

337      Furniture and related products                           420      -9.6     -26.5     -18.7     -22.5        5.4
3371         Household and institutional furniture                273     -10.2     -28.3     -20.1     -24.4        5.4
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                        108     -13.0     -29.2     -18.6     -21.7       10.6
3379         Other furniture-related products                      39      -2.8     -10.5      -7.9     -11.9       -1.6

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                              649       0.3      -8.6      -8.9      -5.8        3.1
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                       321      -0.7      -2.1      -1.4      -0.7        1.5
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                    328      -0.7     -16.4     -15.8     -11.9        5.4


Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2009

                                                                   Average annual percent change, 1987-2009
                                                             ----------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                         Output                        Labor     Unit labor
 code                                                         per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                            Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1.2       1.3       0.2       3.0       1.6
3111         Animal food                                         3.0       2.2      -0.8       3.2       1.0
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                           2.3       1.5      -0.9       2.2       0.7
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                    0.8      -0.5      -1.2       1.7       2.2
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty        1.3       1.1      -0.2       2.9       1.7
3115         Dairy products                                      1.8       1.1      -0.7       3.2       2.2
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                  1.0       2.2       1.2       3.6       1.4
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging           1.6       0.3      -1.2       2.6       2.2
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                 0.5       0.2      -0.3       2.1       1.9
3119         Other food products                                 0.6       1.9       1.2       4.0       2.1

312      Beverages and tobacco products                          0.7      -0.7      -1.4       1.1       1.8
3121         Beverages                                           2.2       1.3      -0.9       1.8       0.6
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                        0.4      -4.1      -4.5      -1.9       2.3

313      Textile mills                                           3.4      -3.3      -6.5      -3.3       0.0
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                       3.5      -2.8      -6.0      -3.1      -0.4
3132         Fabric mills                                        4.9      -3.1      -7.6      -3.3      -0.2
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                  0.4      -4.4      -4.8      -3.5       0.9

314      Textile product mills                                   0.5      -2.2      -2.7      -0.1       2.2
3141         Textile furnishings mills                           0.1      -2.9      -2.9      -0.8       2.1
3149         Other textile product mills                         1.4      -1.1      -2.4       0.9       2.0

315      Apparel                                                -2.3      -9.3      -7.1      -6.1       3.5
3151         Apparel knitting mills                             -0.6      -7.8      -7.3      -6.8       1.1
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                -2.8      -9.9      -7.3      -6.1       4.1
3159         Accessories and other apparel                      -2.8      -7.3      -4.6      -4.5       3.0

316      Leather and allied products                             1.4      -5.5      -6.9      -3.5       2.1
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing             -0.6      -6.6      -6.0      -3.9       2.9
3162         Footwear                                            2.1      -6.3      -8.2      -4.7       1.7
3169         Other leather products                              0.6      -4.5      -5.0      -1.8       2.8

321      Wood products                                           1.1      -1.2      -2.3       1.2       2.4
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                      2.7      -0.6      -3.2       0.4       1.0
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                0.6      -1.6      -2.1       0.5       2.1
3219         Other wood products                                 0.7      -1.3      -2.0       1.8       3.1

322      Paper and paper products                                1.9      -0.3      -2.2       1.1       1.4
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                   2.8      -0.6      -3.3       0.3       0.9
3222         Converted paper products                            1.5      -0.1      -1.6       1.7       1.8

323      Printing and related support activities                 1.2      -0.6      -1.8       0.9       1.5
3231         Printing and related support activities             1.2      -0.6      -1.8       0.9       1.5

324      Petroleum and coal products                             2.6       1.0      -1.5       3.8       2.7
3241         Petroleum and coal products                         2.6       1.0      -1.5       3.8       2.7

325      Chemicals                                               1.4       0.5      -0.9       2.9       2.4
3251         Basic chemicals                                     1.9      -0.4      -2.3       1.6       2.0
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                1.7      -0.4      -2.1       1.5       1.9
3253         Agricultural chemicals                              2.9       0.8      -2.0       1.6       0.8
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                       0.4       2.5       2.1       6.1       3.5
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                     0.7      -1.2      -1.8       2.0       3.2
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries           2.9       1.8      -1.0       2.7       0.8
3259         Other chemical products and preparations            2.1      -0.4      -2.5       1.1       1.5

326      Plastics and rubber products                            1.9       0.8      -1.1       2.2       1.4
3261         Plastics products                                   1.8       1.1      -0.7       2.6       1.6
3262         Rubber products                                     2.0      -0.4      -2.4       0.7       1.1

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                            0.8      -0.5      -1.3       1.4       1.9
3271         Clay products and refractories                      0.5      -2.5      -3.0      -1.2       1.4
3272         Glass and glass products                            2.1      -0.2      -2.2       0.6       0.8
3273         Cement and concrete products                       -0.1      -0.5      -0.4       2.3       2.8
3274         Lime and gypsum products                            0.7      -1.1      -1.8       1.8       3.0
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                  1.3       0.5      -0.8       2.1       1.6

331      Primary metals                                          1.9      -1.2      -3.0       0.2       1.3
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production      3.8       0.4      -3.3      -0.4      -0.8
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                -1.6      -3.2      -1.6       0.8       4.1
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                     2.1      -1.2      -3.2       0.1       1.3
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                   0.7      -2.1      -2.8       1.7       3.9
3315         Foundries                                           1.9      -1.3      -3.2       0.0       1.4

332      Fabricated metal products                               1.2       0.2      -1.0       2.2       2.0
3321         Forging and stamping                                2.5       0.3      -2.1       1.5       1.1
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                              0.8      -1.9      -2.6       0.5       2.4
3323         Architectural and structural metals                 0.7       0.5      -0.1       3.1       2.5
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers             0.6      -0.4      -1.1       1.6       2.0
3325         Hardware                                            0.4      -4.0      -4.4      -1.8       2.3
3326         Spring and wire products                            2.4      -0.5      -2.8       1.0       1.5
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                 1.8       1.8       0.0       3.4       1.6
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals        2.5       1.7      -0.8       2.6       0.9
3329         Other fabricated metal products                     1.3      -0.2      -1.5       1.5       1.7

333      Machinery                                               2.1       0.6      -1.5       1.6       1.0
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery     2.3       2.2      -0.1       2.8       0.6
3332         Industrial machinery                                1.8      -0.1      -1.9       1.7       1.8
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery           1.3      -0.9      -2.1       0.2       1.1
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment         2.1       0.7      -1.3       1.9       1.1
3335         Metalworking machinery                              1.6      -1.1      -2.6       0.5       1.6
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment            1.2       0.4      -0.9       0.9       0.6
3339         Other general purpose machinery                     2.4       0.8      -1.6       2.3       1.5

334      Computer and electronic products                       11.2       8.4      -2.5       0.8      -7.0
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                  23.3      18.3      -4.1      -2.6     -17.6
3342         Communications equipment                            5.4       2.5      -2.8       0.2      -2.2
3343         Audio and video equipment                           1.8      -2.5      -4.2      -0.7       1.8
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components           15.9      13.6      -2.0       1.2     -10.9
3345         Electronic instruments                              3.9       1.7      -2.1       1.9       0.2
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction       2.4       1.0      -1.4       0.6      -0.4

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                     2.3      -0.6      -2.8       0.9       1.5
3351         Electric lighting equipment                         2.0      -0.7      -2.6       1.2       1.9
3352         Household appliances                                3.7      -0.1      -3.7      -0.8      -0.7
3353         Electrical equipment                                2.3      -0.4      -2.7       0.9       1.3
3359         Other electrical equipment and components           1.6      -0.9      -2.4       1.5       2.4

336      Transportation equipment                                2.7       0.5      -2.1       0.7       0.2
3361         Motor vehicles                                      3.0      -0.6      -3.5      -0.8      -0.2
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                   0.8      -0.6      -1.4       2.4       3.0
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                 2.7       0.6      -2.1      -0.2      -0.8
3364         Aerospace products and parts                        2.0      -0.2      -2.1       0.9       1.1
3365         Railroad rolling stock                              5.0       4.2      -0.8       3.4      -0.8
3366         Ship and boat building                              2.3       0.6      -1.7       2.6       2.0
3369         Other transportation equipment                      6.2       6.4       0.2       5.1      -1.3

337      Furniture and related products                          1.3      -0.8      -2.1       1.0       1.9
3371         Household and institutional furniture               1.2      -1.2      -2.4       0.8       2.0
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                       1.1      -0.7      -1.8       1.3       2.0
3379         Other furniture-related products                    2.0       1.1      -0.9       2.0       0.9

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                             2.9       2.4      -0.4       4.0       1.5
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                      3.4       4.6       1.2       5.7       1.0
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                   2.1       0.4      -1.7       2.4       2.0

Last Modified Date: March 23, 2011