Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 12, 2010                  USDL-10-1548

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- THIRD QUARTER 2010


Employers initiated 1,297 mass layoff events in the third quarter of 2010 that result-
ed in the separation of 187,091 workers from their jobs for at least 31 days, accord-
ing to preliminary figures released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Over the 
year, both events and separations decreased sharply from program high third quarter 
levels (with data available back to 1995). (See table A.) Third quarter 2010 layoff 
data are preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the Technical Note.)

Manufacturing accounted for 19 percent of private nonfarm extended layoff events and 
18 percent of related separations in the quarter, the lowest third quarter proportions 
in program history. The average size of a layoff (as measured by separations per lay-
off event) was 144 during the quarter, the smallest average size in program history.
Forty-seven percent of employers expected to recall at least some laid-off workers, 
up from 31 percent a year earlier.

The national unemployment rate averaged 9.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, in the 
third quarter, essentially unchanged from 9.6 percent a year earlier. Private nonfarm 
payroll employment, not seasonally adjusted, increased by 0.3 percent (337,000) over 
the year, the first over-the-year increase since the first quarter of 2008.


Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Fourteen of 18 major industry sectors in the private nonfarm economy registered de-
clines over the year in the number of extended mass layoff events. Eighteen of 21 
manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff 
events.

Manufacturing firms reported 249 events involving the separation of 34,221 workers. 
This sector accounted for 19 percent of private nonfarm extended layoff events and 
18 percent of related separations in the quarter, the lowest third quarter propor-
tions in program history. A year earlier, manufacturing made up 29 percent of events 
and 28 percent of separations. (See table 1.) The largest numbers of separations in 
the third quarter of 2010 were associated with food and transportation equipment 
manufacturing.

Construction firms recorded 202 events and 19,005 separations, primarily in special-
ty trade contracting and in heavy and civil engineering construction. Construction 
layoffs comprised 16 percent of events and 10 percent of separations. Both layoff 
events and separations in this sector decreased over the year.


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2006

January-March ..........            963            183,089            193,510
April-June .............          1,353            295,964            264,927
July-September .........            929            160,254            161,764
October-December .......          1,640            296,662            330,954

     2007

January-March ..........          1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June .............          1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September .........          1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December .......          1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March ..........          1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June .............          1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September .........          1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December .......          3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March ..........          3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June .............          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September(r) ......          2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December(r) ....          2,416            406,212            468,560

     2010

January-March(r) .......          1,870            314,296            367,930
April-June(r) ..........          2,011            382,007            393,435
July-September(p) ......          1,297            187,091            177,807


    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.


Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Layoffs due to business demand factors accounted for 36 percent of events and 37 
percent of related separations during the third quarter, down from 46 percent of 
events and 39 percent of separations in the same period a year earlier. (See 
table 2.) Within this category, the largest over-the-year decrease in separations 
was due to slack work/insufficient demand.

Movement of Work

In the third quarter, 47 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and were 
associated with 6,840 separated workers. Over the year, the number of such events 
decreased by 30, and the number of separations decreased by 6,014. Movement of 
work layoffs accounted for 5 percent of the nonseasonal layoff events during the 
third quarter. (See table 9.)

Fifty-seven percent of the extended mass layoff events related to movement of work 
were from manufacturing industries. (See table 6.) Employers cited organizational 
changes as an economic reason for layoff in 45 percent of the events involving  
movement of work. (See table 7.) Among the regions, the largest proportions of work-
ers affected by the movement of work were in the South and the West. (See table 8.) 
By state, California, New Jersey, and Iowa reported the highest numbers of separa-
tions associated with movement of work.

The 47 extended layoff events with movement of work for the third quarter involved 
71 identifiable relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to 
provide more complete separation information for 38 of these actions. Of these 38 
actions, 79 percent involved work moving within the same company, and 84 percent were
domestic reassignments. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Forty-seven percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in the third 
quarter indicated they anticipated some type of recall, up from 31 percent a year 
earlier. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 39 percent indicated that
the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 68 percent of employers
anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers. Sixty-six percent
of employers expecting to recall laid-off employees intend to do so within 6 months.
Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, in
which 93 percent of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated recalling
laid-off workers in just 29 percent of the events. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by separations per layoff event) was 144 
during the quarter, the smallest average size in program history. (See table 12.) 
Events were primarily concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size 
spectrum, with an all-time program high 75 percent involving fewer than 150 work-
ers, up from 68 percent a year ago. Conversely, only 3 percent of events involved
500 or more workers, the lowest all-time proportion in program history. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 177,807 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with 
extended mass layoffs in the third quarter of 2010. Of these claimants, 16 percent 
were black, 23 percent were Hispanic, 44 percent were women, and 21 percent were 55 
years of age or older. (See table 3.) The percentage of Hispanic claimants reached 
an all-time program high during the quarter. Among persons in the civilian labor 
force for the same period, 12 percent were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 per-
cent were women, and 20 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West and the Northeast recorded the highest num-
bers of separations due to extended mass layoff events in the third quarter. Among 
the nine census divisions, the highest numbers of separations were in the Pacific 
and the Middle Atlantic. All regions and divisions registered over-the-year de-
creases in the number of separations. (See table 4.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the third quarter 2010, by residency of claimants


                                                      2009 III (r)        2010 III (p)    
            
            Metropolitan area                      Initial              Initial            
                                                  claimants   Rank     claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ...........  342,152              154,466   

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................   22,830      2        31,273      1   
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........   46,081      1        25,749      2   
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........   16,226      4         7,431      3   
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........   16,830      3         5,754      4   
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......   11,579      5         5,113      5   
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ...........   10,174      6         4,289      6   
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla. .......    4,992     12         2,965      7   
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.            
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ..............................    4,382     15         2,893      8   
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .....    7,387      9         2,432      9   
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. ..........    6,934     10         2,308     10   

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


California recorded the largest number of worker separations, followed by New York, 
Florida, and Illinois. (See table 5.) Over the year, 43 states reported decreased 
numbers of laid-off workers, led by California, Florida, and Pennsylvania.

Eighty-seven percent of the initial claimants associated with extended mass layoff 
events in the third quarter resided within metropolitan areas, up from 84 percent 
a year earlier. Among the 372 metropolitan areas, New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., reported the highest number of resident initial claim-
ants. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, 
Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., moved into the top 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial 
claims by residency of claimant in the third quarter, replacing Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich., and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., from the third quarter 2009. (See 
table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days 
duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing ini-
tial claims for unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Ap-
proximately 30 days after a mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted 
for additional information. Data for the current quarter are preliminary and 
subject to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous quar-
ters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there is a 
seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters 
should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about 
the program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs in October 2010 news release is scheduled to be released on 
Tuesday, November 23, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database.  Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations.  Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence.  The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer.  A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event.  A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days.  Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work.  The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing.  A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action.  A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement.  Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations.  The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure.  The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept.  The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely.  Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days.  If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error.  Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant.  While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data.  For the third quarter of 2010, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 5.2 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
for the third quarter, employers in 33 relocations were unable to provide the num-
ber of separations specifically associated with the movement of work, 10 of which
involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     III     II      III       III      II       III        III      II       III  
                                                    2009r   2010r   2010p     2009r    2010r    2010p      2009r    2010r    2010p 
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  2,034   2,011   1,297    345,531  382,007  187,091    406,823  393,435  177,807

    Mining .......................................     25       8     (2)      4,137      879      (2)      3,086      883      (2)
    Utilities ....................................      5       7     (2)        628    1,118      (2)        900    1,363      (2)
    Construction .................................    353     285     202     42,349   36,959   19,005     59,294   44,857   19,319
    Manufacturing ................................    584     325     249     98,243   57,850   34,221    127,174   60,617   30,887
         Food ....................................     61      73      62     15,242   13,198    8,390     15,296   13,001    8,055
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      8     (2)       4      1,822      (2)      317      1,836      (2)      349
         Textile mills ...........................      6       4       -        476      844        -        793    1,972        -
         Textile product mills ...................      4     (2)     (2)        841      (2)      (2)        750      (2)      (2)
         Apparel .................................     13       9      10      3,471    1,190    1,244      2,369    1,402    1,316
         Leather and allied products .............      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
         Wood products ...........................     20      13      12      1,706    1,602    1,124      2,253    1,639    1,255
         Paper ...................................     15      11     (2)      1,667    1,390      (2)      1,623    1,134      (2)
         Printing and related support activities .     12      11       6      2,029    1,067      484      2,059    1,507      558
         Petroleum and coal products .............      3     (2)     (2)        240      (2)      (2)        223      (2)      (2)

         Chemicals ...............................     14      12      15      1,515    1,655    1,795      1,506    1,337    1,792
         Plastics and rubber products ............     23       7       8      2,795      563      611      4,011      707      627
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     21      17      13      2,117    1,590    1,369      2,348    2,084    1,382
         Primary metals ..........................     47      17       9      6,106    2,266    1,649      7,578    2,471    1,717
         Fabricated metal products ...............     56      15      15      6,968    1,314    2,161      8,446    1,768    1,760
         Machinery ...............................     64      35      14     10,819    6,400    2,553     21,353    7,737    3,311
         Computer and electronic products ........     46      29      22      7,391    4,105    2,399      7,295    4,835    2,337
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     26       6       9      3,798      819    1,005      4,541      752    1,009
         Transportation equipment ................    100      42      34     23,942   11,803    7,397     36,702   14,302    3,895
         Furniture and related products ..........     29       8       7      3,870    2,237      714      4,726    1,782      690
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     16      11       5      1,428    1,848      698      1,466    1,577      583

    Wholesale trade ..............................     63      30      31      7,229    3,555    3,486      7,786    3,568    2,888
    Retail trade .................................     96     111      69     21,208   25,855   15,567     27,803   35,191   15,009
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    151     183     157     26,108   42,875   22,870     26,787   45,568   26,007
    Information ..................................     63      51      52     10,372   13,050   13,130     16,301   17,371   14,533
    Finance and insurance ........................    101      71      48     17,582   13,684    7,840     20,887   13,241    7,226
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........      9      26      14      1,019    3,476    2,175      1,600    3,588    1,189
    Professional and technical services ..........     76      98      61     16,788   28,382   10,183     15,268   24,838    8,550
    Management of companies and enterprises ......     11       7       5      1,463    1,667      406      1,427    1,096      414
    Administrative and waste services ............    202     167     135     43,424   29,438   23,964     50,792   35,164   21,425
    Educational services .........................     30      39      31      5,018    4,303    3,627      4,805    5,892    4,289
    Health care and social assistance ............     89     218      82     11,845   28,200    7,790     10,013   27,946    7,965
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     52      78      50     13,854   20,591    5,747      9,062    9,472    4,734
    Accommodation and food services ..............    102     223      81     20,983   58,901   13,178     21,101   52,211   10,124
    Other services, except public administration .     22      84      24      3,281   11,224    2,610      2,737   10,569    2,428

    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the third quarter of 2010, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.  
    
    
    

Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for     
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance     
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       III       II        III         III       II        III          III       II        III   
                                      2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p  
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   2,034     2,011     1,297      345,531   382,007   187,091      406,823   393,435   177,807

Business demand ...................     941       631       468      134,654    95,147    69,244      182,021   124,552    63,767
  Contract cancellation ...........      48        50        32        6,530     9,096     4,334        6,812     8,932     3,001
  Contract completion .............     283       276       235       48,226    41,441    38,573       65,116    55,241    33,943
  Domestic competition ............       4         3         -          258       266         -          380       448         -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................      17       (2)         3        3,399       (2)       356        6,771       (2)       998
  Import competition ..............       3       (2)         -          310       (2)         -          387       (2)         -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      586       299       198       75,931    44,135    25,981      102,555    59,625    25,825
    
Organizational changes ............     113       119        72       20,251    24,945    11,630       28,812    23,048     9,808
  Business-ownership change .......      21        30        16        4,082     9,424     4,513        2,897     3,724     1,917
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      92        89        56       16,169    15,521     7,117       25,915    19,324     7,891

Financial issues ..................     172       126       105       26,086    27,539    13,863       40,897    27,399    11,715
  Bankruptcy ......................      19        15        13        3,121     5,043     2,355        4,368     2,430     1,134
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      99        65        60       15,120    10,850     7,437       26,820    15,382     6,935
  Financial difficulty ............      54        46        32        7,845    11,646     4,071        9,709     9,587     3,646

Production specific ...............      15        12       (2)        4,476     2,031       (2)        3,778     1,295       (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       4         5         6        2,637     1,199       724        1,409       404       681
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........       4       (2)       (2)          422       (2)       (2)          796       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....       -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
  Model changeover ................     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................     (2)       (2)         5          (2)       (2)       411          (2)       (2)       373
  Product line discontinued .......       3         -       (2)          537         -       (2)          551         -       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................       4        11       (2)        1,951     1,681       (2)          494     1,507       (2)
  Hazardous work environment ......     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -

Seasonal ..........................     286       801       364       56,311   171,128    49,078       48,798   156,294    49,742
  Seasonal ........................     171       484       204       39,695   115,288    29,587       33,813    96,266    25,955
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     115       317       160       16,616    55,840    19,491       14,985    60,028    23,787

Other/miscellaneous ...............     503       311       270      101,802    59,536    41,505      102,023    59,340    41,083
  Other ...........................      31        10        14        3,878     1,403     1,526        4,085     1,225     1,332
  Data not provided: refusal ......     117        83        68       31,698    19,067    12,902       31,693    19,067    12,897
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     355       218       188       66,226    39,066    27,077       66,245    39,048    26,854


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.     
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.      




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, second and third quarters, 2010

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                   II      III       II       III       II     III      II     III      II     III      II     III 
                                  2010r   2010p     2010r    2010p     2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p    2010r  2010p
                                  
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  2,011   1,297    393,435  177,807     17.2   16.5     18.3   22.7     50.4   43.8     22.7   21.1

Alabama ........................     19       9      4,052    1,772     55.9   53.7      2.1    1.4     65.8   50.3     19.2   16.4
Alaska .........................     17       9      3,352    1,674      5.7    7.0     13.6   22.6     37.3   29.6     25.8   28.3
Arizona ........................     33       5      5,642      813      5.5   14.4     46.9   27.4     55.9   61.3     18.6   18.6
Arkansas .......................     14       4      2,294      486     21.6   20.2      5.6    5.3     58.1   38.9     18.7    7.2
California .....................    541     425    116,028   62,460      9.7    8.4     35.1   35.2     43.1   40.6     17.0   16.4
Colorado .......................     24      11      3,713      897      3.8   10.9     23.7   17.4     55.1   51.3     19.2   15.1
Connecticut ....................     23       9      3,233    1,218     14.5   20.8     13.5   15.9     61.9   51.1     28.8   21.4
Delaware .......................      7     (2)        753      (2)     51.1   42.3      9.3   14.4     70.7   56.7     24.4   25.0
District of Columbia ...........      5     (2)        678      (2)     72.1   98.4      7.5      -     62.7   79.4     26.7    5.6
Florida ........................     83      57     12,469    8,973     22.2   17.6     30.5   30.6     57.9   37.8     28.5   19.9
Georgia ........................     22      12      4,730    1,841     49.1   56.8      5.7    1.9     52.9   52.5     20.1   14.1
Hawaii .........................    (2)       5        (2)      537       .9    1.5     10.0    7.4     34.4   40.4     15.0   27.7
Idaho ..........................      9       3        854      222       .1      -      4.6   31.1     51.4   51.8     28.9   25.7

Illinois .......................    119      69     27,038    8,820     23.4   15.8     11.1   15.3     54.3   30.4     21.0   17.6
Indiana ........................     32      11      6,052    1,070     13.5   12.8      2.8    3.6     41.4   29.8     20.8   27.2
Iowa ...........................     12       4      3,014      471      5.2    1.7     12.3    2.3     46.6   55.6     20.7   32.1
Kansas .........................     17       8      3,198      960     13.4   11.9      3.0    5.2     52.8   60.4     25.2   17.6
Kentucky .......................     26      14      3,061    2,050     14.6   10.1       .1     .1     40.3   42.5     20.1   14.0
Louisiana ......................     35      12      5,552      978     66.5   74.9      3.4    1.8     65.5   69.0     19.2   19.6
Maine ..........................     11     (2)      1,312      (2)      1.0    1.0       .3      -     50.6   40.1     23.7   10.7
Maryland .......................     12      13      1,674    2,427     56.2   44.0      2.0    1.2     60.8   40.0     28.9   24.8
Massachusetts ..................     15      16      2,811    1,451     16.6   12.5      2.7    1.1     60.7   40.0     27.2   22.4
Michigan .......................     42      13      6,826    1,003     20.7   31.9      3.2    2.2     72.8   44.3     25.2   19.6
Minnesota ......................     19       9      2,909      817      9.4    8.0      5.0    3.1     37.9   26.3     22.0   20.7
Mississippi ....................     10      11      1,372      970     55.1   69.7      1.6     .5     42.9   62.6     17.5   13.2
Missouri .......................     53      14      9,414    1,571     27.2   19.0      1.4    1.3     66.1   61.0     29.5   27.9

Montana ........................     10     (2)        911      (2)       .5      -      3.7      -     59.7    5.3     27.1   21.1
Nebraska .......................      7       4      1,051      414     12.3    6.3      2.2    1.7     69.9   46.1     35.3   26.8
Nevada .........................     16       4      3,155      653     10.1   11.3     21.1   27.0     35.8   25.4     23.0   17.0
New Hampshire ..................     11       -      1,766        -       .6      -      1.4      -     67.0      -     28.8      -
New Jersey .....................     71      48     18,777    4,800     20.2   27.6      6.9    7.8     67.7   61.9     35.3   28.3
New Mexico .....................     17       7      2,154      674      2.5    3.7     41.8   35.5     50.1   22.1     19.4   24.0
New York .......................    119     227     22,230   36,373     16.2   19.9     13.6   22.3     46.0   51.7     24.9   30.9
North Carolina .................     25      20      6,363    1,902     44.6   43.8      6.0    5.4     46.1   50.4     15.9   13.2
North Dakota ...................      5     (2)        618      (2)      4.7      -      2.4      -     37.1   34.8     18.4   40.2
Ohio ...........................     91      31     15,988    3,429     13.3   14.8      3.4    2.5     42.0   28.5     25.0   20.4
Oklahoma .......................      4     (2)        438      (2)      8.2   21.3      3.4    6.4     55.3   60.7     13.7   16.9
Oregon .........................     30      19      7,088    2,830      2.2    1.5     13.3   22.6     57.0   47.5     29.1   19.1
Pennsylvania ...................    124      62     26,969    7,690      9.2   15.3      3.5    4.2     53.8   45.5     34.9   27.2

Rhode Island ...................     15     (2)      2,922      (2)      3.5    5.3     13.9   16.6     76.3   49.7     37.7   25.1
South Carolina .................     27      12      6,054    1,525     66.9   67.7      1.2    2.2     52.5   55.7     12.3   13.1
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     30      12      5,177    1,184     25.8   28.9       .1      -     52.2   42.1     29.1   18.8
Texas ..........................     64      29     15,580    3,722     18.7   17.5     44.5   45.8     42.6   28.6     15.8   15.6
Utah ...........................     10       4      1,366      651       .3    1.5      7.2   18.3     36.9   50.2     17.1   14.9
Vermont ........................     12     (2)      1,785      (2)       .7      -       .3     .5     48.2   51.7     25.0   20.2
Virginia .......................     32      11      5,923    1,083     46.1   54.6      7.0    3.9     62.0   54.8     21.1   18.5
Washington .....................     29      28      4,899    3,582      6.4    5.5     17.7   15.1     31.5   48.0     17.3   16.0
West Virginia ..................      9     (2)      1,141      (2)       .2      -       .1      -     20.5    1.9     13.8   12.7
Wisconsin ......................     48      21      8,453    2,280     14.8   11.1      3.9   13.9     63.7   31.2     33.8   23.1
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)       .7    1.0      5.4    6.7     20.7   81.7     10.5   16.3

Puerto Rico ....................     13      10      3,942    1,543       .1      -     99.7   99.7     60.2   50.9      8.4    9.7
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   III       II        III         III       II        III          III      II       III  
                                  2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r    2010r    2010p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   2,034     2,011     1,297      345,531   382,007   187,091      406,823  393,435  177,807

Northeast .....................     402       401       368       67,260    73,724    47,823       69,473   81,805   52,119

    New England ...............      49        87        31        6,636    16,396     4,885        6,836   13,829    3,256
    Middle Atlantic ...........     353       314       337       60,624    57,328    42,938       62,637   67,976   48,863

South .........................     322       424       222       60,335    71,057    36,571       65,300   77,311   29,568

    South Atlantic ............     195       222       129       37,840    35,650    19,068       44,141   39,785   18,139
    East South Central ........      61        85        46       12,305    14,641     9,153       11,417   13,662    5,976
    West South Central ........      66       117        47       10,190    20,766     8,350        9,742   23,864    5,453

Midwest .......................     433       445       185       69,316    83,139    26,184       96,352   84,561   20,947

    East North Central ........     323       332       145       51,230    61,574    17,516       76,755   64,357   16,602
    West North Central ........     110       113        40       18,086    21,565     8,668       19,597   20,204    4,345

West ..........................     877       741       522      148,620   154,087    76,513      175,698  149,758   75,173

    Mountain ..................     108       121        36       17,665    33,215     7,927       21,177   18,071    4,090
    Pacific ...................     769       620       486      130,955   120,872    68,586      154,521  131,687   71,083
                                                                                                                           
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                      III       II        III         III       II        III          III       II        III   
                                     2009r     2010r     2010p       2009r     2010r     2010p        2009r     2010r     2010p  
                                   
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     2,034     2,011     1,297      345,531   382,007   187,091      406,823   393,435   177,807

Alabama ........................        11        19         9        2,817     3,799     1,720        3,607     4,052     1,772
Alaska .........................        10        17         9        4,124     4,246     2,629        3,162     3,352     1,674
Arizona ........................        23        33         5        4,251     7,789     1,132        4,195     5,642       813
Arkansas .......................         4        14         4          343     1,530       459          444     2,294       486
California .....................       685       541       425      116,855   104,841    59,108      135,379   116,028    62,460
Colorado .......................        21        24        11        3,967    10,400     1,453        2,897     3,713       897
Connecticut ....................        12        23         9        2,009     4,205     2,693        2,132     3,233     1,218
Delaware .......................       (2)         7       (2)          (2)       929       (2)          (2)       753       (2)
District of Columbia ...........         -         5       (2)            -       678       (2)            -       678       (2)
Florida ........................        96        83        57       24,697    13,380     9,819       23,949    12,469     8,973
Georgia ........................        23        22        12        3,438     2,926     1,406        5,292     4,730     1,841
Hawaii .........................         7       (2)         5          888       (2)       710        1,031       (2)       537
Idaho ..........................         7         9         3          826     1,920       226        1,304       854       222

Illinois .......................       106       119        69       17,820    26,757     9,675       23,505    27,038     8,820
Indiana ........................        35        32        11        4,011     4,242       870        6,546     6,052     1,070
Iowa ...........................        12        12         4        1,748     2,980       662        3,975     3,014       471
Kansas .........................        21        17         8        2,633     3,062       975        2,738     3,198       960
Kentucky .......................        22        26        14        4,874     3,579     4,709        2,750     3,061     2,050
Louisiana ......................        20        35        12        3,331     8,575     2,534        2,439     5,552       978
Maine ..........................       (2)        11       (2)          (2)     1,995       (2)          (2)     1,312       (2)
Maryland .......................         7        12        13          672     1,701     3,445          725     1,674     2,427
Massachusetts ..................        21        15        16        2,815     2,583     1,540        3,013     2,811     1,451
Michigan .......................        59        42        13        7,328     6,920       963       17,904     6,826     1,003
Minnesota ......................        35        19         9        4,983     2,363       965        5,323     2,909       817
Mississippi ....................         7        10        11          552     1,939     1,337          663     1,372       970
Missouri .......................        34        53        14        7,431    10,716     5,259        6,455     9,414     1,571

Montana ........................       (2)        10       (2)          (2)     1,962       (2)          (2)       911       (2)
Nebraska .......................         4         7         4          740     1,937       697          368     1,051       414
Nevada .........................        37        16         4        6,176     3,916       500        9,812     3,155       653
New Hampshire ..................         4        11         -          431     2,358         -          331     1,766         -
New Jersey .....................        65        71        48       11,629    22,459     5,816        9,593    18,777     4,800
New Mexico .....................        10        17         7        1,202     4,388     1,066        1,017     2,154       674
New York .......................       154       119       227       28,216    18,768    30,833       26,172    22,230    36,373
North Carolina .................        29        25        20        3,694     2,660     1,464        8,823     6,363     1,902
North Dakota ...................         3         5       (2)          476       507       (2)          634       618       (2)
Ohio ...........................        75        91        31       12,760    15,514     3,766       18,371    15,988     3,429
Oklahoma .......................         8         4       (2)          872       558       (2)          616       438       (2)
Oregon .........................        26        30        19        3,001     7,966     2,978        6,126     7,088     2,830
Pennsylvania ...................       134       124        62       20,779    16,101     6,289       26,872    26,969     7,690

Rhode Island ...................         5        15       (2)          396     2,989       (2)          403     2,922       (2)
South Carolina .................        18        27        12        2,376     6,032     1,508        2,701     6,054     1,525
South Dakota ...................       (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
Tennessee ......................        21        30        12        4,062     5,324     1,387        4,397     5,177     1,184
Texas ..........................        34        64        29        5,644    10,103     4,934        6,243    15,580     3,722
Utah ...........................         8        10         4          978     1,490     3,200        1,780     1,366       651
Vermont ........................         5        12       (2)          628     2,266       (2)          668     1,785       (2)
Virginia .......................        16        32        11        1,898     5,559       970        2,022     5,923     1,083
Washington .....................        41        29        28        6,087     3,534     3,161        8,823     4,899     3,582
West Virginia ..................         5         9       (2)          665     1,785       (2)          481     1,141       (2)
Wisconsin ......................        48        48        21        9,311     8,141     2,242       10,429     8,453     2,280
Wyoming ........................         -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        16        13        10        1,529     1,967       692        3,287     3,942     1,543
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                       III          II            III         III          II            III
                                                      2009r        2010r         2010p       2009r        2010r         2010p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ..... ..........       77           57           47        12,854        11,080         6,840
      
    Mining ......................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       46           26           27         7,324         5,843         3,349
         Food ...................................        4            4            9           672         1,856           988
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Apparel ................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Leather and allied products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Paper ..................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Printing and related support activities       (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
          
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)          (2)            3           (2)           (2)           564
         Plastics and rubber products ...........        3          (2)          (2)           384           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        3            -            -           555             -             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............        3          (2)          (2)           477           (2)           (2)
         Machinery ..............................        4            6          (2)           624           702           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......        7          (2)            3         1,099           (2)           289
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        6            4          (2)         1,107           793           (2)
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        5            3          (2)          572            235           (2)
    Retail trade ................................        5            4          (2)          944            695           (2)
    Transportation and warehousing .............         4          (2)            4          552            (2)           509
    Information .................................        4          (2)          (2)          745            (2)           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        3            9          (2)          302          1,805           (2)
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -            -          (2)            -              -           (2)
    Professional and technical services .........        3            -          (2)        1,152              -           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)          (2)            -          (2)            (2)             -
    Administrative and waste services ...........        -            4          (2)            -            664           (2)
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -            -              -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........      (2)          (2)            -          (2)            (2)             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........      (2)            -          (2)          (2)              -           (2)
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)          (2)          (2)          (2)            (2)           (2)
    Other services, except public administration         -          (2)          (2)            -            (2)           (2)
     
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -            -              -             -
                                                                                                                              

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised. 
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 

Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff              III          II         III              III              II               III     
                                        2009r       2010r      2010p            2009r            2010r            2010p    
                                                  
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       77          57          47            12,854           11,080            6,840

Business demand ..................       21          14          11             3,337            3,560            1,594
  Contract cancellation ..........        3         (2)         (2)               468              (2)              (2)
  Contract completion ............        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       15         (2)           8             2,583              (2)            1,114

Organizational changes ...........       39          27          21             7,033            5,043            2,968
  Business-ownership change ......        6           4           4             1,329              845              630
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................       33          23          17             5,704            4,198            2,338

Financial issues .................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)           (   2)
  Bankruptcy .....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......       12         (2)         (2)             1,559              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)

Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)

Disaster/safety ..................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ..............        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Other ..........................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                       Layoff events                            Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                             
                               III          II          III           III            II             III
                               2009r       2010r       2010p         2009r          2010r          2010p              

        United States (1) .     77           57          47         12,854         11,080          6,840

Northeast .................      9           11          11          1,372          1,916          1,540

    New England ...........      4            4           4            719            400            634
    Middle Atlantic .......      5            7           7            653          1,516            906

South .....................     19           25          18          2,622          3,740          2,230

    South Atlantic ........    (2)           14           7            (2)          2,001            777
    East South Central ....      9            7           6          1,039          1,009            614
    West South Central ....    (2)            4           5            (2)            730            839

Midwest ...................     22           16           8          3,578          4,815          1,168

    East North Central ....     15            9           4          2,260          2,117            426
    West North Central ....      7            7           4          1,318          2,698            742

West ......................     27            5          10          5,282            609          1,902

    Mountain ..............      5          (2)         (2)          1,832            (2)            (2)
    Pacific ...............     22          (2)         (2)          3,450            (2)            (2)
                                                                                                        

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                           III         II           III            III             II              III     
                                          2009r       2010r        2010p          2009r           2010r           2010p    
                             
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     2,034        2,011        1,297         345,531         382,007         187,091

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                              
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,748        1,210          933         289,220         210,879         138,013

                                                                                                           
        Total, movement of work (3)         77           57           47          12,854          11,080           6,840
                                                                                                           

             Movement of work 
               actions .............       109           75           71             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        73           48           38           7,088           4,797           3,074
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        36           27           33             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary. 




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations                 
           Activities 
                                      III        II          III           III        II         III      
                                      2009r     2010r       2010p         2009r      2010r      2010p
                                                                                                                        
With separations reported (2) ..       73         48         38           7,088      4,797      3,074

           By location      

  Out-of-country relocations ...       19         11          6           2,006      1,200        737
      Within company ...........       16         10          3           1,786      1,160        279
      Different company ........        3          1          3             220         40        458
      
  Domestic relocations .........       54         37         32           5,082      3,597      2,337
      Within company ...........       42         35         27           3,642      3,138      1,785
      Different company ........       12          2          5           1,440        459        552
      
  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ................        -          -          -               -          -          -
      
           By company 
  Within company ...............       58         45         30           5,428      4,298      2,064     
      Domestic .................       42         35         27           3,642      3,138      1,785
      Out of country ...........       16         10          3           1,786      1,160        279
      Unable to assign..........        -          -          -               -          -          -
  
  Different company ............       15          3          8           1,660        499      1,010
      Domestic .................       12          2          5           1,440        459        552
      Out of country ...........        3          1          3             220         40        458
      Unable to assign .........        -          -          -               -          -          -

                                                                                                     
 
    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010     

                                Percent of total layoff events (1)        Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to        
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period   

                                  III        II            III           III         II         III           III          II          III
                                 2009r      2010r         2010p         2009r       2010r      2010p         2009r        2010r       2010p

Anticipate a recall .....        31.1        54.2          46.7          93.7        95.6       92.9          20.9         26.7        28.7

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        64.8        74.6          65.5          89.2        90.2       86.7          46.8         37.5        38.8
      Within 3 months ...        48.2        51.1          55.4          65.3        60.4       75.7          35.6         28.8        29.9

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        63.3        78.6          68.2          91.4        95.2       92.0          42.7         39.3        38.1
      All workers .......        31.9        43.7          39.3          58.6        56.7       61.2          12.3         13.0        11.6


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected                            
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010                            
              
                                                        Average number of separations
          Measure                  
                                                  III                 II                  III                
                                                 2009r               2010r               2010p                
                            
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            170                 190                 144                        

             Industry    

Mining ...............................            165                 110                 390                        
Utilities ............................            126                 160                 128                        
Construction .........................            120                 130                  94                        
Manufacturing ........................            168                 178                 137                        
Wholesale trade ......................            115                 119                 112                        
Retail trade .........................            221                 233                 226                        
Transportation and warehousing .......            173                 234                 146                        
Information ..........................            165                 256                 253                        
Finance and insurance ................            174                 193                 163                        
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            113                 134                 155                        
Professional and 
  technical services .................            221                 290                 167                        
Management of companies 
  and enterprises ....................            133                 238                  81                        
Administrative and waste services ....            215                 176                 178                        
Educational services .................            167                 110                 117                        
Health care and social assistance ....            133                 129                  95                        
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            266                 264                 115                        
Accommodation and food services ......            206                 264                 163                        
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            149                 134                 109                        
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                   -                   -  

             Reason for layoff groupings                  
       
Business demand ......................            143                 151                 148                        
Organizational changes ...............            179                 210                 162                        
Financial issues .....................            152                 219                 132                        
Production specific ..................            298                 169                 101                        
Disaster/Safety ......................            488                 153                  60                        
Seasonal .............................            197                 214                 135                        
Other/miscellaneous ..................            202                 191                 154                        


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    p = preliminary.
    r = revised.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector,
third quarter 2010 (p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total .....................        1,297       100.0          187,091       100.0    

   50-99 ...................          715        55.1           49,339        26.4    
   100-149 .................          263        20.3           30,586        16.3    
   150-199 .................          111         8.6           18,417         9.8    
   200-299 .................          101         7.8           23,731        12.7    
   300-499 .................           62         4.8           22,372        12.0    
   500-999 .................           30         2.3           20,782        11.1    
   1,000 or more ...........           15         1.2           21,864        11.7    

   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: November 12, 2010