Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, November 10, 2009          USDL-09-1358

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS  --  THIRD QUARTER OF 2009


Employers initiated 1,776 mass layoff events in the third quarter of 2009
that resulted in the separation of 277,924 workers from their jobs for at
least 31 days, according to preliminary figures released by the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics. The number of extended mass layoff events reached a
record high for any third quarter (with data available back to 1995). (See
table A.) Third quarter program highs in the number of events were also re-
corded in half of the 18 major industry sectors, 2 of the 4 geographic re-
gions, 4 of the 9 divisions, and 15 states.

Separations due to business demand reasons increased by 27 percent from the
same period a year ago. Thirty-three percent of employers reporting an ex-
tended mass layoff event in the third quarter of 2009 indicated they antici-
pated some type of recall, up slightly from 29 percent a year earlier. Third
quarter 2009 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision. (See
the Technical Note.)

The national unemployment rate averaged 9.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted,
in the third quarter of 2009, up from 6.0 percent a year earlier. Private 
nonfarm payroll employment, not seasonally adjusted, decreased by 5 percent
(-5,765,000) over the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Manufacturing firms reported 511 extended mass layoff events involving 80,135
separations in third quarter 2009 and were responsible for 29 percent of pri-
vate nonfarm extended layoff events and related separations. A year earlier,
manufacturing made up 31 percent of events and 33 percent of separations.
(See table 1.) The largest numbers of separations within manufacturing were
associated with transportation equipment manufacturing (mostly from light
truck and utility vehicle manufacturing, and railroad rolling stock manufact-
uring) and food manufacturing (mostly related to fresh and frozen seafood pro-
cessing, and fruit and vegetable canning).

Nine major industry sectors reported third quarter program highs in 2009 in
terms of the number of extended mass layoff events in the private nonfarm
sector--construction; wholesale trade; transportation and warehousing; pro-
fessional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; ad-
ministrative and waste services; educational services; arts, entertainment,
and recreation; and other services, except public administration.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons for extended mass layoffs,
business demand factors accounted for 48 percent of events and 44 percent of
separations during the third quarter of 2009; up from 41 percent of events and
33 percent of separations in the same period a year earlier. (See table 2.)
Separations related to business demand factors increased by 26,286, or 27 per-
cent, over the year. Within the business demand category, the largest over-
the-year increases in separations were due to slack work/insufficient demand
(+14,661) and contract completion (+14,267). 

Extended mass layoff separations decreased from a year ago in all economic 
reason categories except business demand and seasonal. The largest decrease was
in organizational changes (-15,463),largely in the business-ownership change 
reason. The financial issues economic category also saw a large decrease 
(-12,686), with the largest decline associated with bankruptcy.




Table A.  Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity           
                                                                       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                      |               |             |                  
       Period         | Layoff events | Separations | Initial claimants
                      |               |             |                  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                      |               |             |                  
       2005           |               |             |                  
                      |               |             |                  
January-March ........|     1,142     |    186,506  |       185,486    
April-June ...........|     1,203     |    246,099  |       212,673    
July-September........|     1,136     |    201,878  |       190,186    
October-December .....|     1,400     |    250,178  |       246,188    
                      |               |             |                  
       2006           |               |             |                  
                      |               |             |                  
January-March ........|       963     |    183,089  |       193,510    
April-June ...........|     1,353     |    295,964  |       264,927    
July-September .......|       929     |    160,254  |       161,764    
October-December .....|     1,640     |    296,662  |       330,954    
                      |               |             |                  
       2007           |               |             |                  
                      |               |             |                  
January-March ........|     1,110     |    225,600  |       199,250    
April-June ...........|     1,421     |    278,719  |       259,234    
July-September .......|     1,018     |    160,024  |       173,077    
October-December .....|     1,814     |    301,592  |       347,151    
                      |               |             |                  
       2008           |               |             |                  
                      |               |             |                  
January-March ........|     1,340     |    230,098  |       259,292    
April-June (r) .......|     1,756     |    354,713  |       339,630    
July-September (r) ...|     1,581     |    290,453  |       304,340    
October-December (r) .|     3,582     |    641,714  |       766,592    
                      |               |             |                  
       2009           |               |             |                  
                      |               |             |                  
January-March (r) ....|     3,979     |    705,133  |       835,017    
April-June (r) .......|     3,396     |    650,679  |       727,494    
July-September (p) ...|     1,776     |    277,924  |       266,938    
                      |               |             |                  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


Movement of Work

In the third quarter of 2009, 75 extended mass layoffs involved the movement
of work and were associated with 12,107 separated workers. The number of such
events was down 11 percent from the third quarter of 2008, while the number of
separations was down 19 percent. Movement of work layoffs accounted for 5 percent
of nonseasonal layoff events in the third quarter of 2009. (See table 9.)

Six out of 10 extended mass layoff events related to movement of work were from
manufacturing industries. In comparison, manufacturing accounted for less than 3
out of 10 events in the total private nonfarm economy. (See table 6.) Employers
cited an organizational change in more than half and business demand in more
than a quarter of extended mass layoff events involving movement of work. (See
table 7.) Among the regions, the largest proportions of workers affected by
movement of work were in the West and Midwest. (See table 8.)





Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants
associated with extended mass layoff events in the third quarter 2009, by
residency of claimants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              |                |                
                                              |   2008 III (r) |   2009 III (p) 
             Metropolitan area                |----------------|----------------
                                              |         |      |         |      
                                              | Initial | Rank | Initial | Rank 
                                              |claimants|      |claimants|      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              |         |      |         |      
Total, 372 metropolitan areas ................| 241,350 |      | 223,684 |      
                                              |         |      |         |      
 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ....|  24,944 |   1  |  29,853 |   1  
 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island,    |         |      |         |      
   N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .............................|  19,198 |   2  |  15,767 |   2  
 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. .......|   9,745 |   5  |  10,975 |   3  
 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ....|  11,217 |   4  |   9,845 |   4  
 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ...|  13,812 |   3  |   9,256 |   5  
 Peoria, Ill. ................................|     216 | 153  |   8,947 |   6  
 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. .......|   5,734 |   7  |   6,374 |   7  
 Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. ....................|   4,690 |  10  |   5,022 |   8  
 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. ......|   4,040 |  12  |   4,307 |   9  
 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .|   4,856 |   8  |   4,293 |  10  
                                              |         |      |         |      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this
table are defined in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 09-01,
November 20, 2008.


The 75 extended layoff events with movement of work for the third quarter of
2009 involved 107 identifiable relocations of work actions. Employers were able
to provide more complete separations information for 72 of the actions. (See
table 9.) Of these 72 actions, 81 percent involved work moving within the same
company, and 75 percent were domestic reassignments. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

About 33 percent of employers reporting an extended layoff in the third quarter
of 2009 indicated they anticipated some type of recall, up from 29 percent a year
earlier. (See table 11.) Of those employers expecting to recall workers, about
one-third indicated that the offer would be extended to all displaced employees.
Less than two-thirds of employers anticipated extending the offer to at least
half of the workers. Two-thirds of employers expecting to recall laid-off employ-
ees intend to do so within 6 months, a lower proportion than the same period a year
earlier. Excluding layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, in which
95 percent of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated recalling laid-
off workers in just 22 percent of extended mass layoff events.

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by separations per layoff event) in the
third quarter of 2009 was 156, down 28 from the third quarter a year earlier. Three
of the 18 major industry sectors registered average layoff sizes of 200 or more
workers per event in the third quarter--arts, entertainment, and recreation; profes-
sional and technical services; and administrative and waste services. (See table 12.)

Nearly half of all events involved between 50 and 99 workers and 73 percent of
events affected less than 150 workers. Layoffs involving between 50 and 99 workers
accounted for 22 percent of all separations during the period, and layoffs with
less than 150 separated workers accounted for 40 percent. Both these proportions
are up from a year earlier. Extended mass layoffs involving 500 or more workers
accounted for only 4 percent of events but 25 percent of the separated workers in
the third quarter of 2009, down from 6 percent of events and 31 percent of separa-
tions last year. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 266,938 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated
with extended mass layoffs in the third quarter of 2009. Of these claimants, 13
percent were black, 18 percent were Hispanic, 36 percent were women, 35 percent
were 30 to 44 years of age, and 19 percent were 55 years of age or older. (See
table 3.) Among persons in the civilian labor force for the same period, 11 per-
cent were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, 33 percent were
age 30 to 44, and 19 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West and the Midwest recorded the highest num-
bers of separations due to extended mass layoff events in the third quarter of
2009. All regions except the West reported over-the-year decreases in the number
of separations. (See table 4.)  Among the nine census divisions, the highest num-
bers of separations during the third quarter of 2009 were in the Middle Atlantic,
East North Central, South Atlantic, and Pacific. (See table 4.) Only three divi-
sions reported over-the-year increases in terms of the numbers of separations--
New England, West North Central, and Mountain.

California recorded the largest number of worker separations, followed by Florida,
New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, and New Jersey. (See table 5.) After ex-
cluding the impact of seasonal reasons, California still reported the highest num-
ber of job cuts (81,079), followed by Florida (24,066) and Pennsylvania (16,833).
Four states reported third quarter program highs in terms of numbers of separa-
tions--California, Kentucky, Missouri, and New Jersey.

Eighty-four percent of the initial claimants associated with extended mass layoff
events in the third quarter of 2009 resided within metropolitan areas, an increase
of more than 4 percentage points from a year earlier. Among the 372 metropolitan
areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the highest number of
resident initial claimants in the third quarter of 2009. The next highest were
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., San Francisco-Oakland-
Fremont, Calif., and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Both Peoria, Ill.,
and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., moved into the top 10 metropolitan
areas in terms of initial claims by residency of claimant in the third quarter of
2009, replacing Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., and Tampa-St. Peters-
burg-Clearwater, Fla., from the previous year. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days
duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing ini-
tial claims for unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Ap-
proximately 30 days after a mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted
for additional information.  Data for the first quarter are preliminary and sub-
ject to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous quarters.
Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there is a seasonal
pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters should not be
used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about the program, see
the Technical Note.

_____________
Mass Layoffs in October 2009 is scheduled to be released on Friday, November 20, 2009,
at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database.  Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations.  Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence.  The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer.  A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event.  A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days.  Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work.  The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing.  A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action.  A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement.  Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations.  The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure.  The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept.  The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely.  Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days.  If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error.  Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant.  While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data.  For the third quarter of 2009, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 5.3 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
for the third quarter, employers in 35 relocations were unable to provide the num-
ber of separations specifically associated with the movement of work, 15 of which
involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     III     II      III       III      II       III        III      II       III  
                                                    2008r   2009r   2009p     2008r    2009r    2009p      2008r    2009r    2009p 
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,581   3,396   1,776    290,453  650,679  277,924    304,340  727,494  266,938

    Mining .......................................      4      50      22      1,014    8,393    3,724        834    7,505    2,230
    Utilities ....................................    (2)       4       4        (2)      902      500        (2)      980      588
    Construction .................................    229     380     302     26,955   44,342   34,354     37,497   56,806   34,135
    Manufacturing ................................    498   1,063     511     95,423  195,719   80,135    106,161  265,891   90,610
         Food ....................................     48      82      53     13,058   15,973   11,057      8,409   17,372    7,189
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      5       4       6        684      421    1,528        784      622    1,216
         Textile mills ...........................      7      15       6      1,593    2,268      476      2,405    4,573      572
         Textile product mills ...................      5       7       4        779      734      837        884    1,034      732
         Apparel .................................     13      28      12      1,482    4,563    3,345      1,785    4,419    1,729
         Leather and allied products .............    (2)       -       -        (2)        -        -        (2)        -        -
         Wood products ...........................     38      41      19      6,080    4,542    1,604      6,184    5,977    1,690
         Paper ...................................     10      29      11      3,544    3,626    1,161      2,527    3,588      968
         Printing and related support activities .     11      31       9      1,336    3,103    1,415        955    5,057    1,251
         Petroleum and coal products .............    (2)       3       3        (2)      315      240        (2)      330      221

         Chemicals ...............................     15      26      13      1,502    2,646    1,089      1,567    3,459    1,071
         Plastics and rubber products ............     23      56      21      3,723    7,355    2,483      3,567    9,410    2,706
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     16      42      18      2,080    5,374    1,687      2,381    5,330    1,440
         Primary metals ..........................     14      83      46      1,647   15,853    5,715      2,366   18,890    5,925
         Fabricated metal products ...............     33      97      48      3,969   13,217    5,085      5,609   14,563    4,904
         Machinery ...............................     35     110      54      9,127   23,796    9,066     11,739   40,139   25,026
         Computer and electronic products ........     47      96      40      8,296   13,917    5,834      7,118   15,209    4,969
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     16      35      25      3,066    5,981    3,625      2,868    6,973    3,921
         Transportation equipment ................    124     217      84     27,610   64,320   19,367     37,632   97,171   20,728
         Furniture and related products ..........     24      37      24      4,180    4,380    3,182      5,332    7,944    3,088
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     11      24      15      1,306    3,335    1,339      1,748    3,831    1,264

    Wholesale trade ..............................     33      89      53      4,543   15,261    5,864      3,740   14,676    5,626
    Retail trade .................................     92     199      81     20,896   44,986   12,198     22,767   53,604   13,938
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    131     259     137     24,199   59,121   22,136     23,515   57,550   19,968
    Information ..................................     54      92      57     10,553   16,854    7,425     10,945   18,584    9,600
    Finance and insurance ........................    104     128      87     19,812   29,383   13,607     20,762   26,340   13,455
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     11      27       8      1,458    4,733      642      1,850    4,463      740
    Professional and technical services ..........     50     141      67      8,877   34,472   14,749      9,442   27,357   10,595
    Management of companies and enterprises ......    (2)      13      10        (2)    3,809    1,245        (2)    3,735    1,097
    Administrative and waste services ............    142     300     182     31,785   64,656   39,451     33,329   73,741   33,606
    Educational services .........................     18      29      27      2,635    3,650    4,474      2,545    4,317    3,903
    Health care and social assistance ............     74     218      84      8,360   28,861   10,467      6,609   26,796    7,787
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     38      89      38     11,261   17,914    8,514      5,637   10,999    4,337
    Accommodation and food services ..............     84     241      85     20,187   68,191   15,629     15,859   64,292   12,669
    Other services, except public administration .     15      74      21      1,980    9,432    2,810      2,095    9,858    2,054

    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
   1 For the second quarter of 2009, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for     
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance     
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       III       II        III         III       II        III          III       II        III   
                                      2008r     2009r     2009p       2008r     2009r     2009p        2008r     2009r     2009p  
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,581     3,396     1,776      290,453   650,679   277,924      304,340   727,494   266,938

Business demand ...................     642     1,457       850       97,187   228,472   123,473      127,524   319,603   132,626
  Contract cancellation ...........      44        78        45        7,298    12,837     5,989        6,984    14,963     5,208
  Contract completion .............     195       310       254       32,262    51,258    46,529       41,847    63,573    39,237
  Domestic competition ............     (2)         -         4          (2)         -       258          (2)         -       231
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................     (2)        25        17          (2)     7,263     3,394          (2)    17,517    16,094
  Import competition ..............      12         8         3        3,197     1,261       310        3,356     1,130       349
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     382     1,036       527       52,332   155,853    66,993       72,408   222,420    71,507
    
Organizational changes ............     122       171       106       33,572    36,228    18,109       29,965    37,184    13,601
  Business-ownership change .......      20        33        21       14,033    12,835     3,590        4,906     7,703     2,105
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................     102       138        85       19,539    23,393    14,519       25,059    29,481    11,496

Financial issues ..................     192       295       165       37,198    74,300    24,512       31,683    76,236    27,707
  Bankruptcy ......................      42        51        19       13,032    32,265     3,121        8,490    29,416     3,780
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      92       169        97       12,326    24,116    14,507       13,056    32,363    17,063
  Financial difficulty ............      58        75        49       11,840    17,919     6,884       10,137    14,457     6,864

Production specific ...............      30        14        14        5,998     2,014     4,161        7,034     2,243     3,076
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................       4       (2)       (2)          760       (2)       (2)          843       (2)       (2)
  Energy related ..................       6         -         -          720         -         -        2,656         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       5         3         4          806       598     2,637          475       279     1,179
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........       4         -         4        1,880         -       422        1,169         -       745
  Material or supply shortage .....       4       (2)         -          466       (2)         -          371       (2)         -
  Model changeover ................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       3       (2)       (2)          685       (2)       (2)          433       (2)       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)         5       (2)          (2)       577       (2)          (2)       777       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................      32         3         4        4,988       508     1,941        4,233       231       463
  Hazardous work environment ......       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     216       757       258       43,921   160,021    46,701       36,587   140,248    31,290
  Seasonal ........................     116       387       143       27,567    87,539    30,133       21,450    71,113    16,666
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     100       370       115       16,354    72,482    16,568       15,137    69,135    14,624

Other/miscellaneous ...............     347       699       379       67,589   149,136    59,027       67,314   151,749    58,175
  Other ...........................      22        38        27        3,943     5,953     3,558        4,355     8,465     2,915
  Data not provided: refusal ......      53       170        96       13,696    42,582    16,711       13,651    42,576    16,685
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     272       491       256       49,950   100,601    38,758       49,308   100,708    38,575


   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.     
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, second and third quarters, 2009

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                   II      III       II       III       II     III      II     III      II     III      II     III 
                                  2009r   2009p     2009r    2009p     2009r  2009p    2009r  2009p    2009r  2009p    2009r  2009p
                                  
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  3,396   1,776    727,494  266,938     15.7   12.5     15.2   18.0     41.5   36.4     20.5   19.2

Alabama ........................     35      10     11,110    1,514     43.0   32.7      2.3    5.9     39.2   37.5     15.3   22.0
Alaska .........................     14       7      2,901    1,415      4.7    4.9     10.0   24.2     32.5   34.3     23.6   30.5
Arizona ........................     41      20      7,456    2,432      5.4    6.3     42.9   32.4     51.4   49.3     18.2   17.0
Arkansas .......................     21       3      3,567      229     35.3   24.5      3.9   10.9     43.3   41.5     20.0   17.9
California .....................    804     577    154,900   83,661      9.7    9.4     36.0   33.9     43.2   38.7     16.1   15.6
Colorado .......................     34      13      4,882    1,649      5.6    4.3     20.1   13.8     46.1   32.9     18.1   17.7
Connecticut ....................     27      12      4,895    1,162     14.5   15.1     14.7   12.0     61.1   48.2     26.4   19.4
Delaware .......................     11     (2)      1,376      (2)     32.2   25.0      5.5      -     53.8   22.4     24.8   62.1
District of Columbia ...........      4       -        405        -     64.2      -      4.7      -     51.6      -     23.2      -
Florida ........................    190      87     38,857   16,186     18.9   14.9     28.9   28.1     45.3   41.0     20.8   18.5
Georgia ........................     34      20     11,685    2,933     42.4   47.3      4.2    1.1     42.3   37.3     15.7   16.0
Hawaii .........................     10       6      1,315      725      1.0    1.0     11.1   12.8     43.5   26.2     16.3   14.2
Idaho ..........................      7       7        828    1,034       .1     .4      2.8   17.7     35.9   42.6     19.9   22.1

Illinois .......................    196     106     52,248   26,712     15.7   13.2      9.8    7.0     38.8   30.4     20.9   18.9
Indiana ........................     87      34     19,375    5,017      7.9    4.7      3.0    2.5     30.9   33.7     20.2   22.8
Iowa ...........................     25      12      7,237    3,050      2.2    3.5      1.3    1.0     28.8   15.3     19.4   22.7
Kansas .........................     25      21     10,206    2,315      6.8   17.5      5.3    3.2     27.8   35.8     18.3   15.7
Kentucky .......................     62      19      8,386    1,867      4.3    4.4       .2      -     18.8   16.3     18.5   23.9
Louisiana ......................     52      20      8,503    2,153     61.6   59.9      2.2    3.4     52.8   44.1     20.4   15.5
Maine ..........................     11     (2)      1,861      (2)       .8    2.2       .2      -     36.8   41.8     24.9   21.3
Maryland .......................     19       3      2,239      294     42.2   59.5      2.2    3.4     52.0   67.7     28.6   20.4
Massachusetts ..................     30      21      5,895    2,422     13.4    9.5      1.7    2.3     56.4   49.4     28.0   25.2
Michigan .......................    121      59     56,049    6,954     22.9   13.3      2.6    3.9     30.4   35.4     17.4   18.5
Minnesota ......................     73      35     12,732    4,140      5.2    4.8      2.5    2.8     31.7   29.4     20.8   24.2
Mississippi ....................     16       7      1,937      607     75.3   49.1      1.3    4.9     49.5   26.0     19.1   10.9
Missouri .......................     75      32     13,741    4,631     21.7   15.9       .9     .9     59.9   34.1     28.3   21.1

Montana ........................     12     (2)      1,564      (2)       .1    1.2      3.5    2.3     30.4    9.3     21.0   18.6
Nebraska .......................      9       4      1,622      360      3.6      -      7.5    4.2     43.6   51.1     30.3   24.7
Nevada .........................     55      32     12,278    5,582      9.4    8.2     30.2   32.5     35.7   33.0     19.8   17.2
New Hampshire ..................      7       4      1,354      331       .8    1.5      2.9    1.8     57.0   36.0     28.7   19.6
New Jersey .....................    112      63     24,096    6,670     20.5   25.9      8.3    7.5     65.9   51.3     32.9   24.2
New Mexico .....................     29       9      3,338      608      2.0    3.9     49.4   32.9     43.3   46.2     19.8   18.1
New York .......................    162     108     33,173   16,692     14.5   18.4     11.7   18.4     48.1   53.6     25.0   28.5
North Carolina .................     51      29     17,289    4,470     35.1   33.6      6.7    4.0     40.9   44.3     18.4   20.8
North Dakota ...................     10       3      2,160      536      1.9     .7      1.5    1.3     20.0   22.0     18.9   21.6
Ohio ...........................    178      75     39,713   13,812     11.7   10.3      3.7    3.2     32.4   23.6     23.9   21.9
Oklahoma .......................     17       7      2,950      493     11.4   16.2      8.4    4.3     30.8   31.0     18.2   13.6
Oregon .........................     57      26     13,707    4,505      1.8    1.7     13.4   20.5     48.5   40.3     22.8   17.4
Pennsylvania ...................    248     123     50,117   19,768      6.7    5.1      3.5    2.6     43.1   25.5     27.6   26.0

Rhode Island ...................      7       3        835      193      8.9    1.6     17.1   51.8     83.8   61.7     35.2   22.3
South Carolina .................     34      14      7,671    1,571     66.9   45.6      1.0    3.1     55.7   44.0      9.9    8.4
South Dakota ...................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.7      -      3.4    3.0     22.4   30.0      8.6   14.0
Tennessee ......................     41      19      7,122    1,950     29.1   37.0        -      -     46.5   37.1     23.3   17.3
Texas ..........................     93      34     17,073    4,332     16.4   16.2     44.8   39.8     34.1   24.9     16.4   14.1
Utah ...........................     14       8      2,201    1,724      1.5    1.1      7.2   13.3     36.3   37.1     11.4   11.7
Vermont ........................     12       5      1,642      567       .7     .4       .4     .2     36.1   31.4     19.5   30.0
Virginia .......................     47      13     10,377    1,330     39.2   39.2      4.2    1.7     47.8   34.4     21.8   23.5
Washington .....................     55      41     10,607    5,610      6.3    5.6      8.8   11.9     39.3   36.6     16.8   13.4
West Virginia ..................     23       5      2,841      452       .1      -       .1      -     14.6   22.1     17.8   13.3
Wisconsin ......................     96      14     18,732    1,624     11.3    5.8      5.4    4.0     41.3   30.6     22.1   20.3
Wyoming ........................    (2)       -        (2)        -      1.8      -      4.4      -     19.3      -     11.1      -

Puerto Rico ....................     10      14      2,526    1,853        -     .1     99.3   99.6     49.2   53.9     13.3    9.6
                                                                                                                                   
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.           
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero. 




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   III       II        III         III       II        III          III      II       III  
                                  2008r     2009r     2009p       2008r     2009r     2009p        2008r    2009r    2009p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,581     3,396     1,776      290,453   650,679   277,924      304,340  727,494  266,938

Northeast .....................     304       616       341       60,443   113,540    52,313       56,314  123,868   48,073

    New England ...............      39        94        47        5,043    17,226     6,026        4,897   16,482    4,943
    Middle Atlantic ...........     265       522       294       55,400    96,314    46,287       51,417  107,386   43,130

South .........................     373       750       291       76,138   145,808    54,330       77,419  153,388   40,497

    South Atlantic ............     193       413       172       42,491    84,079    35,908       40,495   92,740   27,352
    East South Central ........      76       154        55       12,825    27,807     9,085       15,620   28,555    5,938
    West South Central ........     104       183        64       20,822    33,922     9,337       21,304   32,093    7,207

Midwest .......................     322       896       396       59,738   181,930    58,025       69,957  233,873   69,251

    East North Central ........     259       678       288       50,322   142,155    40,831       59,240  186,117   54,119
    West North Central ........      63       218       108        9,416    39,775    17,194       10,717   47,756   15,132

West ..........................     582     1,134       748       94,134   209,401   113,256      100,650  216,365  109,117

    Mountain ..................      67       194        91       11,415    37,582    12,607       11,152   32,935   13,201
    Pacific ...................     515       940       657       82,719   171,819   100,649       89,498  183,430   95,916
                                                                                                                           

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:  Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                      III       II        III         III       II        III          III       II        III   
                                     2008r     2009r     2009p       2008r     2009r     2009p        2008r     2009r     2009p  
                                   
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,581     3,396     1,776      290,453   650,679   277,924      304,340   727,494   266,938

Alabama ........................         9        35        10        2,769    10,345     1,506        3,044    11,110     1,514
Alaska .........................         3        14         7        3,460     3,901     3,406        1,331     2,901     1,415
Arizona ........................         9        41        20        1,255     7,656     3,271        1,211     7,456     2,432
Arkansas .......................         7        21         3        1,398     4,190       168        1,357     3,567       229
California .....................       465       804       577       70,397   143,313    87,904       79,585   154,900    83,661
Colorado .......................         7        34        13        1,229     8,928     2,012          686     4,882     1,649
Connecticut ....................        11        27        12        1,724     5,433     1,625        1,394     4,895     1,162
Delaware .......................         -        11       (2)            -     1,354       (2)            -     1,376       (2)
District of Columbia ...........         -         4         -            -       405         -            -       405         -
Florida ........................       127       190        87       31,391    42,566    25,263       26,565    38,857    16,186
Georgia ........................        22        34        20        3,635     6,137     2,998        4,614    11,685     2,933
Hawaii .........................         7        10         6          840     1,343       740        1,112     1,315       725
Idaho ..........................        14         7         7        2,111     1,447       826        2,020       828     1,034

Illinois .......................        97       196       106       19,992    42,599    16,263       18,565    52,248    26,712
Indiana ........................        57        87        34       10,363    16,931     3,811       15,216    19,375     5,017
Iowa ...........................        10        25        12        1,220     3,091     1,748        3,466     7,237     3,050
Kansas .........................         8        25        21          710     7,549     2,305          754    10,206     2,315
Kentucky .......................        22        62        19        3,578     7,759     4,363        3,079     8,386     1,867
Louisiana ......................        41        52        20        6,540     9,699     3,134        6,085     8,503     2,153
Maine ..........................         3        11       (2)          267     2,729       (2)          187     1,861       (2)
Maryland .......................        10        19         3        1,238     2,530       264        1,132     2,239       294
Massachusetts ..................        21        30        21        2,553     5,326     2,815        2,897     5,895     2,422
Michigan .......................        41       121        59        5,852    23,040     6,695        7,933    56,049     6,954
Minnesota ......................        11        73        35        2,219    10,113     4,983        2,128    12,732     4,140
Mississippi ....................        14        16         7        2,330     2,845       550        1,660     1,937       607
Missouri .......................        31        75        32        4,746    14,530     6,867        4,127    13,741     4,631

Montana ........................         4        12       (2)          390     2,145       (2)          348     1,564       (2)
Nebraska .......................       (2)         9         4          (2)     2,237       740          (2)     1,622       360
Nevada .........................        22        55        32        4,421     9,430     4,557        4,979    12,278     5,582
New Hampshire ..................       (2)         7         4          (2)     1,275       431          (2)     1,354       331
New Jersey .....................        49       112        63        8,784    27,423    10,009        6,741    24,096     6,670
New Mexico .....................         8        29         9        1,431     4,316       698        1,429     3,338       608
New York .......................       118       162       108       27,856    31,221    18,955       22,463    33,173    16,692
North Carolina .................        14        51        29        1,378    13,137     3,694        3,421    17,289     4,470
North Dakota ...................       (2)        10         3          (2)     2,160       476          (2)     2,160       536
Ohio ...........................        49       178        75       10,187    43,243    12,533        9,847    39,713    13,812
Oklahoma .......................         5        17         7        2,549     2,996       805        1,179     2,950       493
Oregon .........................        19        57        26        4,494    11,445     2,791        4,627    13,707     4,505
Pennsylvania ...................        98       248       123       18,760    37,670    17,323       22,213    50,117    19,768

Rhode Island ...................       (2)         7         3          (2)       821       186          (2)       835       193
South Carolina .................        12        34        14        3,743     7,104     1,571        3,659     7,671     1,571
South Dakota ...................         -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
Tennessee ......................        31        41        19        4,148     6,858     2,666        7,837     7,122     1,950
Texas ..........................        51        93        34       10,335    17,037     5,230       12,683    17,073     4,332
Utah ...........................       (2)        14         8          (2)     2,725       978          (2)     2,201     1,724
Vermont ........................       (2)        12         5          (2)     1,642       628          (2)     1,642       567
Virginia .......................         6        47        13          862     7,130     1,364          936    10,377     1,330
Washington .....................        21        55        41        3,528    11,817     5,808        2,843    10,607     5,610
West Virginia ..................       (2)        23         5          (2)     3,716       638          (2)     2,841       452
Wisconsin ......................        15        96        14        3,928    16,342     1,529        7,679    18,732     1,624
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -

Puerto Rico ....................        12        10        14        1,118     1,184       915        2,477     2,526     1,853
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations          
                     Industry                                                                                                
                                                       III          II            III         III          II            III
                                                       2008        2009r         2009p       2008r        2009r         2009p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       84          117           75        14,943        21,720        12,107
      
    Mining ......................................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       56           76           45        10,949        12,838         6,661
         Food ...................................        4           10            4         1,302         2,000           672
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Textile mills ..........................        3          (2)          (2)           314           (2)           (2)
         Textile product mills ..................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Apparel ................................      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           565           (2)
         Leather and allied products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Paper ..................................        3          (2)          (2)           391           (2)           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)            4          (2)           (2)           594           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
          
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........        3            6            3           292           838           384
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        -            3            3             -           257           555
         Fabricated metal products ..............      (2)            8            3           (2)           924           477
         Machinery ..............................        4            5            4           776         1,138           624
         Computer and electronic products .......        9           12            7         1,527         1,945         1,099
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        6          (2)          (2)         1,278           (2)           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............       13            8            5         3,378         1,540           792
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           612           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)            5          (2)           (2)         1,206           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        3            6            5           539           459           572
    Retail trade ................................      (2)            6            4           (2)         2,426           874
    Transportation and warehousing ..............        4            3            4           684           315           541
    Information .................................        4            3            4           557           464           745
    Finance and insurance .......................        8            5            3           938         1,380           299
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)            3           (2)           (2)         1,152
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........        3            7            -           479         1,072             -
    Educational services ........................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Accommodation and food services .............        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Other services, except public administration         -            -            -             -             -             -

    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                              

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised. 
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff              III          II         III              III              II               III     
                                        2008        2009r      2009p            2008r            2009r            2009p    
                                                  
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       84         117          75            14,943           21,720           12,107

Business demand ..................      (2)          38          21               (2)            5,848            3,337
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)           3         (2)               (2)              555              (2)
  Contract completion ............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Import competition .............      (2)           6         (2)               (2)              831              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       12          29          15             3,130            4,462            2,583
   
Organizational changes ...........       47          47          39             8,450            7,982            6,671
  Business-ownership change ......        6           4           6             1,628            1,256            1,329
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................       41          43          33             6,822            6,726            5,342

Financial issues .................       19          24         (2)             2,669            6,497              (2)
  Bankruptcy .....................        -           4         (2)                 -            1,254              (2)
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)          14          11               (2)            2,587            1,489
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)           6         (2)               (2)            2,656              (2)

Production specific ..............        -           5         (2)                 -              558              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)

Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ..............      (2)           3           -               (2)              835                -
  Other ..........................      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement
of work, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                       Layoff events                             Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                             
                               III          II          III           III            II             III 
                               2008        2009r       2009p         2008r          2009r          2009p

        United States (1) .     84          117          75         14,943         21,720         12,107

Northeast .................     14           16          10          2,306          3,056          1,421

    New England ...........    (2)            8           4            (2)          1,313            719
    Middle Atlantic .......    (2)            8           6            (2)          1,743            702

South .....................     13           41          17          2,238          6,088          1,896

    South Atlantic ........      5           19         (2)            704          3,303            (2)
    East South Central ....      4           16           8            472          1,446            713
    West South Central ....      4            6         (2)          1,062          1,339            (2)

Midwest ...................     42           35          22          8,167          5,684          3,578

    East North Central ....     32           24          15          6,105          4,107          2,260
    West North Central ....     10           11           7          2,062          1,577          1,318

West ......................     15           25          26          2,232          6,892          5,212

    Mountain ..............    (2)          (2)           5            (2)            (2)          1,832
    Pacific ...............    (2)          (2)          21            (2)            (2)          3,380
                                                                                                        

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are:  New
England:  Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:  Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:  Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations                
                Action                                                                                                    
                                            III          II           III             III             II             III  
                                           2008r        2009r        2009p           2008r          2009r           2009p 

Total, private nonfarm (1) ................1,581        3,396        1,776         290,453         650,679         277,924

    Total, excluding seasonal and                                                                                         
      vacation events (2) .................1,365        2,639        1,518         246,532         490,658         231,223

                                                                                                                          
        Total, movement of work (3) ..........84          117           75          14,943          21,720          12,107
                                                                                                                          

          Movement of work actions ..........106          160          107             (4)             (4)             (4)
            With separations reported ........78          104           72           9,631          11,533           6,755
            With separations unknown .........28           56           35             (4)             (4)             (4)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
   3 Movement of work can involve more than one action.
   4 Data are not available.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by
employers, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                      III        II          III           III        II         III
                                      2008      2009r       2009p         2008       2009r      2009p

With separations reported (2) .        78        104         72           9,631     11,533      6,755

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..        19         22         18           2,312      2,849      1,691
      Within company ..........        17         21         15           2,135      2,759      1,471
      Different company .......         2          1          3             177         90        220

  Domestic relocations ........        59         82         54           7,319      8,684      5,064
      Within company ..........        50         75         43           6,522      7,461      3,694
      Different company .......         9          7         11             797      1,223      1,370

  Unable to assign place of                                                                          
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -

           By company                                                                                
  Within company ..............        67         96         58           8,657     10,220      5,165
      Domestic ................        50         75         43           6,522      7,461      3,694
      Out of country ..........        17         21         15           2,135      2,759      1,471
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

  Different company ...........        11          8         14             974      1,313      1,590
      Domestic ................         9          7         11             797      1,223      1,370
      Out of country ..........         2          1          3             177         90        220
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

   1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
   2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                 Percent of total layoff events (1)     Percent of layoff events                 Percent of layoff events,
                                                                          due to seasonal work                     excluding those due to
    Nature of recall                                                       and vacation period                 seasonal and vacation period

                                  III        II            III           III         II         III           III          II          III
                                 2008r      2009r         2009p         2008r       2009r      2009p         2008r        2009r       2009p

Anticipate a recall .....        28.6        37.3          32.6          92.6        95.2       95.0          18.5         20.7        22.0

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        71.0        77.3          66.1          89.0        90.8       91.0          56.7         59.4        47.9
      Within 3 months ...        53.8        56.9          50.4          67.5        65.9       69.0          42.9         45.0        36.8

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        77.0        78.6          65.1          96.5        94.0       92.7          61.5         58.2        44.9
      All workers .......        37.6        41.7          33.7          61.0        57.6       61.6          19.0         20.7        13.2

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2008 and 2009

                                                 Average number of separations
          Measure                                                             
                                                  III         II          III
                                                 2008r       2009r       2009p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            184         192         156

             Industry

Mining ...............................            254         168          169
Utilities ............................            200         226          125
Construction .........................            118         117          114
Manufacturing ........................            192         184          157
Wholesale trade ......................            138         171          111
Retail trade .........................            227         226          151
Transportation and warehousing .......            185         228          162
Information ..........................            195         183          130
Finance and insurance ................            191         230          156
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            133         175           80
Professional and technical services ..            178         244          220
Management of companies  and
 enterprises .........................            105         293          125
Administrative and waste services ....            224         216          217
Educational services .................            146         126          166
Health care and social assistance ....            113         132          125
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            296         201          224
Accommodation and food services ......            240         283          184
Other services, except public
 administration ......................            132         127          134
Unclassified establishments ..........             -           -            - 

             Reason for layoff

Business demand ......................            151         157          145
Organizational changes ...............            275         212          171
Financial issues .....................            194         252          149
Production specific ..................            200         144          297
Disaster/Safety ......................            156         169          485
Seasonal .............................            203         211          181
Other/miscellaneous ..................            195         213          156

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   p = preliminary.
   r = revised.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm
sector, third quarter 2009 (p)

                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent          Number      Percent

 Total .....................        1,776       100.0          277,924       100.0 

   50-99 ...................          877        49.4           62,010        22.3 
   100-149 .................          412        23.2           47,790        17.2 
   150-199 .................          181        10.2           29,947        10.8 
   200-299 .................          154         8.7           35,753        12.9 
   300-499 .................           87         4.9           32,110        11.6 
   500-999 .................           42         2.4           27,849        10.0 
   1,000 or more ...........           23         1.3           42,465        15.3 

   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: November 10, 2009