Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 9, 2011                    USDL-11-1611

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- THIRD QUARTER 2011


Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 1,226 mass layoff events in the third
quarter of 2011 that resulted in the separation of 184,493 workers from their jobs for
at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Total extended
mass layoff events decreased over the year from 1,370 to 1,226, and associated worker
separations fell from 222,357 to 184,493. Events and separations reached their lowest
third quarter levels since 2007. Both events and separations have decreased over the
year for eight consecutive quarters. (See table A.) Third quarter 2011 layoff data are
preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the Technical Note.)

Both events and separations in the manufacturing sector declined to series’ lows during
the third quarter of 2011. Fifty percent of private nonfarm employers indicated they
anticipated some type of recall, up from 45 percent a year earlier.

The national unemployment rate averaged 9.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, in the
third quarter of 2011, down from 9.5 percent a year earlier. Private nonfarm payroll
employment, not seasonally adjusted, increased by 1.7 percent (1,826,000) over the
year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Over the year ending in the third quarter of 2011, the number of extended mass
layoff events declined in 13 of the 18 major private nonfarm industry sectors. The
transportation and warehousing and the accommodation and food services sectors
experienced the largest declines in the numbers of worker separations over the year.
Eight of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in
the number of layoff events. (See table 1.)

Both events and separations in the manufacturing sector were at series’ lows in the
third quarter of 2011. Thirty-eight percent of manufacturing employers with an extended
mass layoff event in the third quarter of 2011 anticipated recalling at least some of
the displaced workers.

Administrative and waste service firms had 198 extended mass layoff events and 33,584
separations, primarily due to contract completion. This sector accounted for 16 percent
of the layoff events and 18 percent of the related separations in the third quarter. In
these events, 55 percent of the employers anticipated recalling at least some of the
displaced workers.


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity

     Period                  Layoff events       Separations       Initial claimants

     2007

January-March ..........          1,110            225,600              199,250
April-June .............          1,421            278,719              259,234
July-September .........          1,018            160,024              173,077
October-December .......          1,814            301,592              347,151

     2008

January-March ..........          1,340            230,098              259,292
April-June .............          1,756            354,713              339,630
July-September .........          1,581            290,453              304,340
October-December .......          3,582            641,714              766,780

     2009

January-March ..........          3,979            705,141              835,551
April-June .............          3,395            651,318              731,049
July-September .........          2,034            345,531              406,823
October-December .......          2,416            406,212              468,577

     2010

January-March ..........          1,870            314,512              368,664
April-June .............          2,008            381,622              396,441
July-September (r) .....          1,370            222,357              260,077
October-December (r) ...          1,999            338,643              390,575

     2011

January-March (r) ......          1,490            225,456              258,134
April-June (r) .........          1,810            317,422              341,245
July-September (p) .....          1,226            184,493              181,777

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Business demand factors accounted for 47 percent of the events and related separations
in the private nonfarm sector during the third quarter of 2011, primarily as a result
of contract completion. Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for
23 percent of extended mass layoff events and 21 percent of related separations during
the quarter. Over the year, the largest decrease in worker separations occurred in
layoffs attributed to seasonal factors. (See table 2.)

Movement of Work

In the third quarter of 2011, 35 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work and
were associated with 6,216 worker separations, a series low for both figures. Over
the year, the number of such events decreased by 16, and the number of separations
decreased by 1,337. Movement of work layoffs accounted for 4 percent of total
nonseasonal events during the quarter. (See table 9.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the third quarter 2011, by residency of claimants

                                                    2010 III (r)        2011 III (p)

            Metropolitan area                     Initial               Initial
                                                 claimants    Rank     claimants    Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ........   222,829      ---      157,035      ---

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. .....    37,587       1        38,676       1 
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                       
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ....................    35,827       2        12,704       2 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. .....    10,865       3         8,645       3 
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ........     9,408       4         6,877       4 
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ........     6,879       6         5,244       5 
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ....     7,010       5         4,985       6 
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. .......     3,881       9         3,151       7 
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. ..     4,346       7         2,546       8 
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, Calif. .........     1,887      18         2,300       9 
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.- N.J.-                                              
    Del.-Md. .................................     3,757      10         2,203      10 

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are
defined in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Fifty-seven percent of the events related to movement of work were from manufacturing
industries. (See table 6.) Employers cited organizational changes as the economic
reason for layoff in 31 percent of the events involving movement of work. (See 
table 7.) Among workers affected by the movement of work, the largest proportion was
in the South. (See table 8.)

The 35 events with movement of work for the third quarter involved 49 identifiable
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide information
on the specific number of worker separations for 28 of these actions. Among these
actions, 93 percent were domestic reassignments, and 82 percent involved work moving
within the same company. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Fifty percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an extended mass layoff in
the third quarter of 2011 indicated they anticipated some type of recall, up from 45 
percent a year earlier. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 29 percent
indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 61 percent of
employers anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers--both 
percentages reached third quarter series’ lows. Among employers expecting to recall
laid-off workers, a series low 58 percent intend to do so within 6 months. Excluding
extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period, in which 98 percent
of the employers expected a recall, employers anticipated recalling laid-off workers in
36 percent of the events. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations per layoff
event) was 150 workers during the third quarter of 2011. (See table 12.) Events were
largely concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 73
percent involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 4 percent of layoff events
involved 500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 181,777 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in the third quarter. Of these claimants, 15 percent were black,
22 percent were Hispanic, 41 percent were women, and 19 percent were 55 years of age
or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the same period, 12
percent of all persons were black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and
20 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of separations due
to extended mass layoff events in the third quarter of 2011. Among the nine census
divisions, the highest numbers of displaced workers were in the Pacific. Three of the
4 regions and 8 of the 9 divisions registered fewer laid-off workers compared with the
third quarter of 2010. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations in the third quarter of
2011, followed by New York and Illinois. Over the year, 28 states reported decreased
numbers of separated workers associated with extended mass layoff events during the
third quarter, led by New York and Florida. New York accounted for 53 percent of the
total over-the-year decline in worker separations. (See table 5.)

Eighty-six percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance associated with
extended mass layoff events in the third quarter of 2011 resided within metropolitan
areas. Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.,
reported the highest number of resident initial claimants. New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., accounted for 35 percent of the total over-the-year decline
in metropolitan area resident initial claims. Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, Calif., entered
into the highest 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial claims by residency of claimant
during the quarter, replacing Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., from the previous
year. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days duration
that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing initial claims for
unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a
mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information. Data for
the current quarter are preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes
revised data for previous quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data
suggest that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive
quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about the
program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for October is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
November 22, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted inhouse by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds
"yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.;
"overseas relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant. While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data. For the third quarter of 2011, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 3.6 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
employers in 21 relocations were unable to provide the number of separations
specifically associated with the movement of work, 5 of which involved out-of-
country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                     III      II     III       III       II      III        III       II      III
                                                    2010    2011r   2011p     2010     2011r    2011p      2010r    2011r    2011p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,370   1,810   1,226    222,357  317,422  184,493    260,077  341,245  181,777

    Mining .......................................      4     (2)     (2)      1,067      (2)      (2)        774      (2)      (2)
    Utilities ....................................      4     (2)       -        535      (2)        -        649      (2)        -
    Construction .................................    210     237     188     21,251   29,631   21,275     31,957   37,768   20,477
    Manufacturing ................................    265     263     231     39,171   40,023   36,271     47,128   47,049   32,498
         Food ....................................     63      66      63      9,692    9,804   10,990     13,206   11,255    8,282
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      4     (2)       5        344      (2)      807        495      (2)      827
         Textile mills ...........................      -       3       4          -      446      541          -    2,488      807
         Textile product mills ...................    (2)       3       3        (2)      201      368        (2)      380      383
         Apparel .................................     10      11       5      1,541    3,373    1,203      1,783    3,625    1,312
         Leather and allied products .............      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
         Wood products ...........................     14       6       8      1,983      619    1,325      1,988      747    1,127
         Paper ...................................    (2)       7       5        (2)    1,420      788        (2)    1,077      566
         Printing and related support activities .      6       9      10        500      637      868      1,426      913    1,070
         Petroleum and coal products .............    (2)     (2)       -        (2)      (2)        -        (2)      (2)        -

         Chemicals ...............................     17       9       5      2,007      915      438      2,388      892      478
         Plastics and rubber products ............      8      12       8        613    1,230    2,487        772    1,284      991
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     13       5       6      1,435      412      801      1,583      584      664
         Primary metals ..........................     12       6       4      2,490      991      722      2,609      812      412
         Fabricated metal products ...............     16      15       7      2,267    2,025    1,196      3,638    2,257    1,193
         Machinery ...............................     15      16      15      2,661    4,005    1,609      3,850    3,629    1,643
         Computer and electronic products ........     25      17      11      2,783    2,135    2,034      3,551    2,165    1,676
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....      9       5       9      1,005      424    1,806      1,226      539    1,536
         Transportation equipment ................     35      54      46      7,453    9,415    6,635      5,739   11,584    8,137
         Furniture and related products ..........      7       7      11      1,014      879    1,060      1,417    1,248      978
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      6       9       6        959      842      593        858    1,326      416

    Wholesale trade ..............................     33      35      24      3,901    4,243    2,684      3,829    4,637    2,313
    Retail trade .................................     79      90      55     21,209   15,725   13,624     22,919   18,730   10,553
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    159     160      94     24,188   37,832   12,044     28,229   41,037   11,387
    Information ..................................     54      56      83     14,322   15,755   19,276     20,310   17,470   22,890
    Finance and insurance ........................     55      60      36     10,239    9,145    6,181     13,005   11,707    5,999
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     14      18       6      2,289    2,843      686      1,563    3,049      854
    Professional and technical services ..........     62      96      67     10,938   21,359   10,154     12,242   23,393   10,672
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      4       9     (2)        347    1,031      (2)        373      879      (2)
    Administrative and waste services ............    146     169     198     31,164   32,294   33,584     34,154   36,891   37,786
    Educational services .........................     34      37      18      3,972    4,920    2,274      4,926    5,932    2,175
    Health care and social assistance ............     84     225      87      8,213   27,577    8,247      9,110   28,309    7,471
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     51      71      42      5,882   15,912    5,184      8,590    9,628    4,476
    Accommodation and food services ..............     87     202      71     20,545   48,790   10,580     16,941   43,623    9,247
    Other services, except public administration .     25      75      19      3,124    8,470    1,907      3,378   10,118    1,859

    Unclassified .................................      -       -       -          -        -        -          -        -        -
                                                                                                                                   
   1 For the third quarter of 2011, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                       III        II       III         III        II       III          III        II       III
                                      2010      2011r     2011p       2010      2011r     2011p        2010r     2011r     2011p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,370     1,810     1,226      222,357   317,422   184,493      260,077   341,245   181,777

Business demand ...................     487       517       573       76,408    74,273    86,495       97,617    97,331    94,186
  Contract cancellation ...........      32        30        34        4,366     3,617     4,886        4,273     3,743     4,595
  Contract completion .............     241       317       378       41,565    49,032    60,737       52,652    67,133    68,946
  Domestic competition ............       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Import competition ..............     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      209       166       155       29,510    21,063    18,542       38,844    25,949    19,869

Organizational changes ............      83        70        65       16,963    16,501    10,168       14,485    12,548     8,710
  Business-ownership change .......      17        17        18        8,485     8,755     2,453        2,863     2,305     1,365
  Reorganization or restructuring
    of company ....................      66        53        47        8,478     7,746     7,715       11,622    10,243     7,345

Financial issues ..................     110       117        87       15,653    15,854    17,206       19,645    19,484    12,465
  Bankruptcy ......................      14        26        16        2,450     3,668     6,811        1,283     3,359     4,164
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      63        61        41        8,290     7,084     6,328       13,116    11,060     5,104
  Financial difficulty ............      33        30        30        4,913     5,102     4,067        5,246     5,065     3,197

Production specific ...............     (2)        33        17          (2)     4,369     2,034          (2)     7,379     2,091
  Automation/technological
    advances ......................     (2)         3         3          (2)       513       253          (2)       674       273
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       6         5       (2)          727       690       (2)          726     1,890       (2)
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)         4          (2)       (2)       731          (2)       (2)       680
  Material or supply shortage .....       -        17       (2)            -     2,034       (2)            -     3,132       (2)
  Model changeover ................       -       (2)         4            -       (2)       467            -       (2)       551
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       5         3       (2)          411       439       (2)          502       358       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................     (2)        11         8          (2)     2,039     1,131          (2)     2,152       942
  Hazardous work environment ......       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Extreme weather-related event ...       -         7       (2)            -     1,244       (2)            -     1,529       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     372       773       282       52,613   151,716    38,763       67,305   148,934    35,158
  Seasonal ........................     212       468       164       33,122    95,525    25,828       43,056    87,414    21,879
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     160       305       118       19,491    56,191    12,935       24,249    61,520    13,279

Other/miscellaneous ...............     300       289       194       58,946    52,670    28,696       59,035    53,417    28,225
  Other ...........................      14        29        20        1,583     3,848     3,537        1,756     4,596     3,117
  Data not provided: refusal ......      69        67        46       18,937    18,421     8,928       18,937    18,447     8,906
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     217       193       128       38,426    30,401    16,231       38,342    30,374    16,202

                                                                                                                                 
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, second and third quarters, 2011

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                    II     III        II      III        II    III       II    III       II    III       II    III
                                  2011r   2011p     2011r    2011p     2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p    2011r  2011p

    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,810   1,226    341,245  181,777     17.3   14.9     17.6   21.8     51.8   40.9     23.9   19.4

Alabama ........................     21       6      3,868    1,062     55.7   31.3      2.7    1.3     64.6   32.2     18.8   18.5
Alaska .........................     11       4      2,346      563      6.1    5.5     18.6   13.1     35.0   35.9     27.8   24.3
Arizona ........................     31       9      5,164    1,178      8.4    7.6     45.0   32.5     55.9   57.8     19.9   18.2
Arkansas .......................     25       7      5,214      580     31.7   22.9      8.0   12.2     58.6   47.2     18.7   15.3
California .....................    388     461     82,319   82,294      9.3    8.5     37.1   33.9     46.4   39.0     18.2   16.1
Colorado .......................     18       9      2,967      932      4.5    4.4     22.7   27.3     53.8   51.0     20.8   16.6
Connecticut ....................     27       5      4,251      450     14.3   32.0     15.6   25.6     57.4   64.4     28.4   21.6
Delaware .......................     10       3      1,177      739     43.5   40.5      8.4   10.3     58.4   35.5     22.3   12.2
District of Columbia ...........      5     (2)        672      (2)     77.8   81.1      5.5    1.4     69.2   63.7     27.7    7.5
Florida ........................     75      36     14,141    5,906     21.4   19.2     28.7   25.9     52.7   33.2     26.3   24.5
Georgia ........................     48      26      9,705    3,052     45.6   52.2      4.4    3.2     57.6   47.3     22.4   19.2
Hawaii .........................      4       -        503        -       .4      -      8.7      -     39.0      -     20.3      -
Idaho ..........................     12       4      1,516      361       .1     .3     11.2   15.5     41.3   44.9     21.4   16.3

Illinois .......................    109      67     24,589   10,093     21.6   22.8     11.2   13.1     52.8   36.4     22.8   17.3
Indiana ........................     35      14      6,869    4,028     10.2    6.1      1.5    3.9     40.5   26.8     20.6   19.6
Iowa ...........................     10       5      1,885      652      8.5   10.4      3.8    2.5     67.5   34.5     30.4   15.6
Kansas .........................     17       7      2,093      794     18.5   17.6      2.2    4.3     63.6   53.1     23.7   26.6
Kentucky .......................     30      17      3,598    2,041     13.3   19.7       .3     .1     43.9   45.1     17.3   16.5
Louisiana ......................     40      16      5,540    1,731     60.3   43.7      3.1    5.3     65.1   39.7     26.3   25.9
Maine ..........................     12     (2)      1,730      (2)       .7    1.4       .5      -     38.4   58.3     29.5   36.0
Maryland .......................     13       4      1,643    1,080     56.7   35.0      2.3    1.5     58.9   57.1     23.4   31.6
Massachusetts ..................     17      16      2,368    1,656     12.4   12.7      1.8     .4     57.3   60.4     30.2   23.4
Michigan .......................     50      26      7,791    3,768     19.0   13.0      3.4    1.7     64.8   40.6     24.6   17.3
Minnesota ......................     24      14      3,920    1,399      7.2    6.3      4.2    2.1     32.4   26.7     22.0   24.2
Mississippi ....................      6      11      1,146    1,118     80.0   75.3      1.2    3.0     64.5   45.6     16.9   14.4
Missouri .......................     43      19      7,920    2,620     27.9   27.6      1.5    1.5     69.3   59.8     31.7   26.5

Montana ........................     10     (2)        990      (2)       .4    1.0      3.7    1.9     56.4    9.7     28.8   16.5
Nebraska .......................      8       4      1,104      358     12.0   12.8      3.8    7.3     46.8   51.4     36.1   29.6
Nevada .........................     13       6      2,125      868     14.0    5.2     18.8   20.3     43.9   21.9     23.2   21.7
New Hampshire ..................      4       3      1,111      220       .5    1.4      1.2    5.0     65.8   65.9     34.0   34.1
New Jersey .....................     66      59     14,274    6,280     21.5   25.8      6.6   11.6     69.2   61.7     33.2   31.7
New Mexico .....................     17      12      2,089    1,090      2.0    1.5     49.4   43.0     54.7   40.4     20.1   17.2
New York .......................     97     116     22,128   14,284     17.9   14.7     13.7   16.7     50.1   48.6     27.0   22.0
North Carolina .................     17      24      4,160    3,121     34.5   33.3     12.4    8.8     47.6   34.8     24.3   21.2
North Dakota ...................    (2)       -        (2)        -       .7      -      2.6      -      4.6      -     25.0      -
Ohio ...........................     80      36     13,296    3,722     14.0   10.8      3.0    3.1     42.8   24.8     23.9   20.9
Oklahoma .......................     12     (2)      1,614      (2)     17.0   14.2      7.7    2.7     59.5   21.7     21.4   34.5
Oregon .........................     37      14      7,789    1,997      3.7    1.6     18.4   23.4     51.6   61.7     22.1   26.0
Pennsylvania ...................    121      52     22,865    6,343     12.3    9.9      5.1    4.6     54.5   42.2     35.9   27.1

Rhode Island ...................      7     (2)      2,011      (2)      3.5    5.8     14.7   69.6     80.6   84.1     39.6    7.2
South Carolina .................     12      10      1,854    1,102     65.9   56.0      1.1    8.6     72.8   57.6     27.4   21.5
South Dakota ...................    (2)       -        (2)        -      4.7      -     11.8      -     74.8      -     22.0      -
Tennessee ......................     15      20      2,914    3,068     22.7   46.3       .1     .2     58.0   53.8     35.5   28.3
Texas ..........................     48      25     10,791    3,741     16.4   22.5     47.4   41.1     43.1   28.6     17.3   13.4
Utah ...........................     14       3      1,580      259      1.3     .8      8.7    6.9     41.6   51.0     14.5   13.1
Vermont ........................     16       5      2,192      651      1.0     .8       .4     .3     45.8   45.9     25.9   26.3
Virginia .......................     30       8      4,713      902     37.5   34.5      5.5    3.1     55.5   38.0     20.6   20.8
Washington .....................     36      13      5,311    2,203      5.5    4.4     18.7   16.7     40.8   31.0     17.4   22.3
West Virginia ..................     10     (2)      1,264      (2)       .1      -        -      -     10.5    4.1     14.1   21.2
Wisconsin ......................     54      21      9,471    2,481     12.0    9.5      3.7    8.9     56.1   28.1     32.9   23.3
Wyoming ........................    (2)       -        (2)        -       .8      -      6.2      -     19.7      -      9.4      -

Puerto Rico ....................     13      12      2,774    2,998       .1     .1     99.4   99.4     60.9   54.6     13.2    7.0
                                                                                                                                   
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                   III        II       III         III        II       III          III       II      III
                                  2010      2011r     2011p       2010      2011r     2011p        2010r    2011r    2011p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,370     1,810     1,226      222,357   317,422   184,493      260,077  341,245  181,777

Northeast .....................     386       367       259       54,204    61,707    28,857       65,696   72,930   30,092

    New England ...............      34        83        32        5,794    17,350     4,318        4,994   13,663    3,185
    Middle Atlantic ...........     352       284       227       48,410    44,357    24,539       60,702   59,267   26,907

South .........................     255       417       218       46,561    66,613    33,688       49,052   74,014   29,922

    South Atlantic ............     155       220       115       26,931    34,507    17,068       29,803   39,329   16,355
    East South Central ........      51        72        54       11,614    10,212     9,598       10,559   11,526    7,289
    West South Central ........      49       125        49        8,016    21,894     7,022        8,690   23,159    6,278

Midwest .......................     184       432       213       30,381    75,635    34,701       31,278   79,217   29,915

    East North Central ........     144       328       164       20,943    58,403    27,175       25,341   62,016   24,092
    West North Central ........      40       104        49        9,438    17,232     7,526        5,937   17,201    5,823

West ..........................     545       594       536       91,211   113,467    87,247      114,051  115,084   91,848

    Mountain ..................      42       118        44        8,966    31,060     6,449        6,291   16,816    4,791
    Pacific ...................     503       476       492       82,245    82,407    80,798      107,760   98,268   87,057
                                                                                                                           

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                       III       II       III         III        II       III          III        II       III
                                      2010     2011r     2011p       2010      2011r     2011p        2010r     2011r     2011p

    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,370     1,810     1,226      222,357   317,422   184,493      260,077   341,245   181,777

Alabama ........................        11        21         6        2,618     3,683     1,063        2,995     3,868     1,062
Alaska .........................        10        11         4        3,621     3,110     1,673        3,381     2,346       563
Arizona ........................         9        31         9        1,841     5,519       765        1,671     5,164     1,178
Arkansas .......................         5        25         7          643     2,982       728          957     5,214       580
California .....................       442       388       461       71,620    66,846    75,420       95,616    82,319    82,294
Colorado .......................        11        18         9        1,508     8,337     1,272        1,235     2,967       932
Connecticut ....................         9        27         5        2,847     5,202       659        1,997     4,251       450
Delaware .......................       (2)        10         3          (2)     1,289       399          (2)     1,177       739
District of Columbia ...........       (2)         5       (2)          (2)       672       (2)          (2)       672       (2)
Florida ........................        73        75        36       15,456    14,755     6,678       14,023    14,141     5,906
Georgia ........................        12        48        26        1,406     4,693     2,595        2,396     9,705     3,052
Hawaii .........................         5         4         -          710       413         -          567       503         -
Idaho ..........................         3        12         4          226     1,967       453          289     1,516       361

Illinois .......................        68       109        67       10,397    25,506    12,571       12,527    24,589    10,093
Indiana ........................        11        35        14          870     3,805     1,972        1,445     6,869     4,028
Iowa ...........................         4        10         5          662     1,422       725          535     1,885       652
Kansas .........................         8        17         7          978     1,930       791        1,190     2,093       794
Kentucky .......................        13        30        17        4,509     3,133     2,510        2,009     3,598     2,041
Louisiana ......................        12        40        16        1,434     8,710     2,405        1,244     5,540     1,731
Maine ..........................       (2)        12       (2)          (2)     2,423       (2)          (2)     1,730       (2)
Maryland .......................        20        13         4        4,707     2,602     1,275        3,633     1,643     1,080
Massachusetts ..................        18        17        16        2,151     2,975     2,466        2,255     2,368     1,656
Michigan .......................        13        50        26          966     6,605     4,309        1,547     7,791     3,768
Minnesota ......................         9        24        14          965     4,240     1,980        1,099     3,920     1,399
Mississippi ....................        14         6        11        2,268     1,312     1,352        1,527     1,146     1,118
Missouri .......................        14        43        19        6,026     8,372     3,488        2,582     7,920     2,620

Montana ........................       (2)        10       (2)          (2)     1,205       (2)          (2)       990       (2)
Nebraska .......................         4         8         4          697     1,088       542          414     1,104       358
Nevada .........................         6        13         6          775     3,527     1,484        1,035     2,125       868
New Hampshire ..................         -         4         3            -     2,174       335            -     1,111       220
New Jersey .....................        52        66        59        7,749    12,969     6,471        7,442    14,274     6,280
New Mexico .....................         7        17        12        1,066     2,960     1,867        1,206     2,089     1,090
New York .......................       230        97       116       32,885    12,986    12,732       41,037    22,128    14,284
North Carolina (3) .............        20        17        24        1,464     1,341     3,241        5,639     4,160     3,121
North Dakota ...................       (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
Ohio ...........................        32        80        36        5,686    13,134     5,104        5,380    13,296     3,722
Oklahoma .......................         3        12       (2)          927     1,717       (2)          513     1,614       (2)
Oregon .........................        19        37        14        3,122     7,789     1,997        3,408     7,789     1,997
Pennsylvania ...................        70       121        52        7,776    18,402     5,336       12,223    22,865     6,343

Rhode Island ...................         3         7       (2)          274     1,995       (2)          258     2,011       (2)
South Carolina .................        15        12        10        1,978     3,167     1,212        2,043     1,854     1,102
South Dakota ...................         -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
Tennessee ......................        13        15        20        2,219     2,084     4,673        4,028     2,914     3,068
Texas ..........................        29        48        25        5,012     8,485     3,629        5,976    10,791     3,741
Utah ...........................         4        14         3        3,200     5,955       258          675     1,580       259
Vermont ........................       (2)        16         5          (2)     2,581       650          (2)     2,192       651
Virginia .......................        11        30         8        1,445     4,417       998        1,662     4,713       902
Washington .....................        27        36        13        3,172     4,249     1,708        4,788     5,311     2,203
West Virginia ..................       (2)        10       (2)          (2)     1,571       (2)          (2)     1,264       (2)
Wisconsin ......................        20        54        21        3,024     9,353     3,219        4,442     9,471     2,481
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -

Puerto Rico ....................        16        13        12        1,591     1,876     1,853        3,389     2,774     2,998
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance
input procedures.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations
                     Industry
                                                       III           II          III          III            II           III
                                                      2010         2011r        2011p        2010          2011r         2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       51           42           35         7,553         6,922         6,216

    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -            3            -             -           448             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       29           19           20         3,462         3,717         4,247
         Food ...................................        9            5            5           988         1,400           549
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Apparel ................................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Leather and allied products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Wood products ..........................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Paper ..................................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
    
         Chemicals ..............................        3          (2)            -           564           (2)             -
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Primary metals .........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Machinery ..............................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......        5            3          (2)           402           577           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............      (2)            5          (2)           (2)           838           (2)
         Furniture and related products .........        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    
    Wholesale trade .............................        3            3          (2)           500           288           (2)
    Retail trade ................................      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           708           (2)
    Transportation and warehousing ..............        4          (2)          (2)           509           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................      (2)            7          (2)           (2)           845           (2)
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Administrative and waste services ...........      (2)          (2)            3           (2)           (2)           417
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Other services, except public administration       (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    
    
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.                                                                                                                               
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations

         Reason for layoff              III          II         III              III               II              III
                                       2010        2011r       2011p            2010             2011r            2011p

   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       51          42          35             7,553            6,922            6,216

Business demand ..................      (2)         (2)          10               (2)              (2)            3,036
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)         (2)           4               (2)              (2)              712
  Contract completion ............      (2)           5           -               (2)              894                -
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Import competition .............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown        8         (2)         (2)             1,114              (2)              (2)

Organizational changes ...........       23          17          11             3,229            1,985            1,233
  Business-ownership change ......        3         (2)           -               490              (2)                -
  Reorganization or restructuring
    of company ...................       20         (2)          11             2,739              (2)            1,233

Financial issues .................       14          13          10             2,162            2,247            1,674
  Bankruptcy .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)

Production specific ..............      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Automation/technological
    advances .....................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -

Disaster/safety ..................        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Hazardous work environment .....        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Natural disaster (not weather
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)

Other/miscellaneous ..............      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Other ..........................      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Data not provided: does not
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
                                                                                                                       
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the
movement of work, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division              
                               III           II         III           III             II            III
                              2010         2011r       2011p         2010           2011r          2011p

        United States (1) .     51           42          35          7,553          6,922          6,216

Northeast .................     12            5          11          1,940            893          1,543

    New England ...........      5          (2)         (2)          1,034            (2)            (2)
    Middle Atlantic .......      7          (2)         (2)            906            (2)            (2)
    
South .....................     18            9          12          2,230          1,422          3,401

    South Atlantic ........      7          (2)         (2)            777            (2)            (2)
    East South Central ....      6          (2)           6            614            (2)          2,282
    West South Central ....      5            5         (2)            839            734            (2)

Midwest ...................      9           10           7          1,368          1,163            873

    East North Central ....      5          (2)           3            626            (2)            525
    West North Central ....      4          (2)           4            742            (2)            348

West ......................     12           18           5          2,015          3,444            399

    Mountain ..............    (2)            5         (2)            (2)          1,169            (2)
    Pacific ...............    (2)           13         (2)            (2)          2,275            (2)
                                                                                                        

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations
                Action
                                          III           II          III            III              II             III
                                         2010         2011r        2011p          2010            2011r           2011p
                                          
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,370        1,810        1,226         222,357         317,422         184,493

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                          
        and vacation events (2) ....       998        1,037          944         169,744         165,706         145,730

                                                                                                        
        Total, movement of work (3)         51           42           35           7,553           6,922           6,216
                                                                                                        

             Movement of work
               actions .............        75           50           49             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        41           25           28           3,574           3,293           2,905
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        34           25           21             (4)             (4)             (4)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
   3 Movement of work can involve more than one action.
   4 Data are not available.
   p = preliminary.




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by
employers, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations
           Activities
                                      III         II        III            III         II        III
                                     2010       2011r      2011p          2010       2011r      2011p
                                                                                                     
With separations reported (2) .        41         25         28           3,574      3,293      2,905

           By location                                                                               

  Out-of-country relocations ..         8          6          2           1,198        916        110
      Within company ..........         4          4          -             340        733          -
      Different company .......         4          2          2             858        183        110

  Domestic relocations ........        33         19         26           2,376      2,377      2,795
      Within company ..........        28         17         23           1,824      2,119      2,498
      Different company .......         5          2          3             552        258        297

  Unable to assign place of                                                                          
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        32         21         23           2,164      2,852      2,498
      Domestic ................        28         17         23           1,824      2,119      2,498
      Out of country ..........         4          4          -             340        733          -
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

  Different company ...........         9          4          5           1,410        441        407
      Domestic ................         5          2          3             552        258        297
      Out of country ..........         4          2          2             858        183        110
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

   1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
   2 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                Percent of total layoff events (1)        Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,   
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to    
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period 

                                  III         II           III           III          II        III           III           II         III
                                 2010       2011r         2011p         2010        2011r      2011p         2010         2011r       2011p

Anticipate a recall .....        45.3        60.1          50.0          92.5        96.2       97.9          27.7         33.2        35.7

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        65.0        78.5          57.9          85.8        91.1       85.5          39.1         51.2        35.3
      Within 3 months ...        54.7        52.6          47.8          74.7        58.3       69.6          29.7         40.1        30.0

         Size of recall                                                                        

At least half ...........        68.1        81.9          61.0          91.6        95.0       89.5          38.8         53.5        37.7
      All workers .......        39.0        45.2          29.4          61.0        57.0       46.4          11.6         19.8        15.4

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2010 and 2011

                                                        Average number of separations
          Measure
                                                  III                 II                 III
                                                 2010               2011r              2011p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            162                175                150 

             Industry

Mining ...............................            267                285                  50
Utilities ............................            134                223                   -
Construction .........................            101                125                 113
Manufacturing ........................            148                152                 157
Wholesale trade ......................            118                121                 112
Retail trade .........................            268                175                 248
Transportation and warehousing .......            152                236                 128
Information ..........................            265                281                 232
Finance and insurance ................            186                152                 172
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            164                158                 114
Professional and 
  technical services .................            176                222                 152
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................             87                115                  79
Administrative and waste services ....            213                191                 170
Educational services .................            117                133                 126
Health care and social assistance ....             98                123                  95
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            115                224                 123
Accommodation and food services ......            236                242                 149
Other services, except public
  administration .....................            125                113                 100
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                  -                   -

     Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            157                144                 151
Organizational changes ...............            204                236                 156
Financial issues .....................            142                136                 198
Production specific ..................            101                132                 120
Disaster/Safety ......................             60                185                 141
Seasonal .............................            141                196                 137
Other/miscellaneous ..................            196                182                 148

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm
sector, third quarter 2011(p)

                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent          Number      Percent

 Total .....................        1,226       100.0          184,493       100.0

   50-99 ...................          661        53.9           45,681        24.8
   100-149 .................          231        18.8           26,932        14.6
   150-199 .................          114         9.3           19,210        10.4
   200-299 .................          104         8.5           24,413        13.2
   300-499 .................           66         5.4           23,524        12.8
   500-999 .................           35         2.9           22,192        12.0
   1,000 or more ...........           15         1.2           22,541        12.2

   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: November 09, 2011