Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m.  (EST) Tuesday, November 22, 2011          USDL-11-1671

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             MASS LAYOFFS -- OCTOBER 2011


Employers took 1,353 mass layoff actions in October involving 118,689 workers, 
seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance 
benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. The 
number of mass layoff events in October decreased by 142 from September, and 
the number of associated initial claims decreased by 34,540. In October, 345 
mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally 
adjusted, resulting in 33,849 initial claims. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 9.0 percent in October, essentially
unchanged from the prior month but down from 9.7 percent a year earlier. 
In October, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 80,000 over the 
month and by 1,501,000 over the year.


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   |                                                                          |
   |                 Changes to Mass Layoffs News Release                     |
   |                                                                          |
   | Several changes to the Mass Layoffs news release are made effective      |
   | with this release. See the box note at end of the release for a complete |
   | list of the changes.                                                     |
   |                                                                          |
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Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in October was 1,101, not seasonally
adjusted, resulting in 96,914 initial claims for unemployment
insurance. (See table 2.) Over the year, the number of average weekly
mass layoff events decreased by 53, and associated average weekly
initial claims decreased by 5,499. Sixteen of the 19 major industry
sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in
average weekly initial claims, with the largest decreases occurring in
construction and manufacturing. (See table 3.) The six-digit industry
with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims in October
was temporary help services. (See table A.)



Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in October 2011, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                           October peak
                 
                                              Initial Claims      Year    Initial claims
                                                                                       
Temporary help services (1) ................       9,393          1998        18,760
Professional employer organizations (1) ....       2,497          2008         7,242
Fruit and vegetable canning ................       2,393          2002         4,500
Food service contractors ...................       1,944          2009         3,233
Discount department stores .................       1,859          2002         4,959
Motion picture and video production ........       1,742          1997         7,692
Supermarkets and other grocery stores ......       1,640          2003        13,682
AC, refrigeration, and forced air heating ..       1,450          2007         2,588
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels ....       1,279          2001         5,795
Household refrigerator and home freezer mfg.       1,200          2002         2,393
                                                                                       
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.



The manufacturing sector accounted for 24 percent of all mass layoff
events and 29 percent of initial claims filed in October. A year
earlier, manufacturing made up 21 percent of events and 27 percent of
initial claims. Within this sector, the numbers of mass layoff claimants 
in October was greatest in the food, machinery, and transportation 
equipment subsectors. Twelve of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced 
over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest 
decrease occurring in transportation equipment. (See table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the West registered the greatest numbers of 
initial claims in October. All four regions experienced over-the-year
decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest decline
occurring in the West. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff 
initial claims in October, followed by Florida, Pennsylvania, New York, 
and Illinois. Twenty-seven states experienced over-the-year declines in 
average weekly initial claims, led by California and Pennsylvania. (See 
table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or
more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of
the layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the
length of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly
release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days
(referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release
provides more information on the industry classification and location
of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers.
The monthly data series in this release are subjected to average
weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths of
months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a
description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for November is scheduled to be released
on Thursday, December 22, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



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   |                                                                       |
   |                  Changes to Mass Layoffs News Release                 |
   |                                                                       |
   |The following changes are effective in the October 2011 Mass           |
   |Layoffs news release issued on Tuesday, November 22, 2011.             |
   |                                                                       |
   |--Charts 1 and 2 were replaced with a single chart showing 11 years    |
   |  of mass layoff initial claims data.                                  |
   |                                                                       |
   |--Table A was modified to display only private nonfarm industries.     |
   |                                                                       |
   |--Seasonally adjusted data were removed from Table 3 since these data  |
   |  are available in Table 1. Select three-digit industries were added   |
   |  to the new table 3. Public education industry detail also was        |
   |  added to the state government and local government sections. The     |
   |  previous 2 months' data were removed, keeping only the current       |
   |  month's and the previous year's data.                                |
   |                                                                       |
   |--Table 4 was removed from the monthly release; it will be issued      |
   |  on the BLS Web site as a supplemental table to the quarterly Extended|
   |  Mass Layoffs news release. Tables 5 and 6 were combined to create a  |
   |  new Table 4. The geographic divisions previously shown in Table 5    |
   |  were removed, and the states were grouped into their respective      |
   |  Census regions. The previous 2 months' data were removed, keeping    |
   |  only the current months' and the previous year's data.               |
   |                                                                       |
   |--Average weekly mass layoff events and average weekly initial claims  |
   |  were added to the new Tables 3 and 4 to mitigate the calendar        |
   |  effect and to show the data previously reported only in the text.    |
   |                                                                       |
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Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month. All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday. In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations. This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks. The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary. Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data. Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data. Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2007 to
October 2011, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2007                                                                              
                                                                                               
November ...................     1,397     145,339     1,269     135,651       408      56,985 
December ...................     1,553     154,275     1,435     144,785       463      59,445 
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,437     146,900     1,302     135,622       431      55,562 
February ...................     1,604     175,128     1,441     163,475       471      59,118 
March ......................     1,500     150,502     1,388     140,424       435      56,156 
April ......................     1,292     128,901     1,162     118,016       449      58,402 
May ........................     1,582     161,944     1,444     152,230       468      62,452 
June .......................     1,631     164,508     1,488     153,014       491      68,198 
July .......................     1,581     164,497     1,443     153,720       463      62,425 
August .....................     1,791     181,107     1,653     171,705       583      77,874 
September ..................     2,192     233,034     2,024     219,532       635      82,471 
October ....................     2,221     229,254     2,062     215,787       697      92,408 
November ...................     2,415     228,107     2,256     214,631       900     102,284 
December ...................     2,443     245,661     2,264     231,138       927     114,280 
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,272     238,717     2,103     224,850       756     100,927 
February ...................     2,801     315,507     2,636     300,042     1,194     138,583 
March ......................     2,950     295,543     2,758     279,027     1,205     144,713 
April ......................     2,579     251,032     2,368     234,796       997     121,435 
May ........................     2,758     288,319     2,557     271,425     1,187     147,548 
June .......................     2,506     250,275     2,293     232,814     1,048     135,389 
July .......................     2,192     223,697     1,977     203,365       620      72,932 
August .....................     2,419     220,262     2,177     201,951       778      83,837 
September ..................     2,305     219,924     2,095     204,596       799      91,665 
October ....................     1,975     195,347     1,780     177,977       570      63,646 
November ...................     1,754     154,223     1,585     141,439       464      51,891 
December ...................     1,725     156,274     1,545     141,649       420      43,584 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,716     171,633     1,541     157,597       494      60,059 
February ...................     1,492     149,369     1,318     135,490       351      40,564 
March ......................     1,635     146,901     1,436     131,953       347      37,273 
April ......................     1,675     159,358     1,498     143,814       371      48,646 
May ........................     1,665     155,352     1,405     133,913       314      30,967 
June .......................     1,729     153,937     1,504     134,837       326      32,646 
July .......................     1,528     138,581     1,316     121,378       296      30,752 
August .....................     1,658     163,325     1,453     141,489       409      47,668 
September ..................     1,541     137,941     1,331     119,654       336      34,641 
October ....................     1,649     147,204     1,445     130,264       353      37,394 
November ...................     1,579     148,800     1,397     133,845       350      39,072 
December ...................     1,483     137,992     1,272     122,688       319      35,977 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,534     149,799     1,344     132,730       341      39,189 
February ...................     1,421     130,818     1,220     116,190       291      26,060 
March ......................     1,286     118,523     1,128     105,636       253      27,619 
April ......................     1,564     143,927     1,401     129,702       327      35,022 
May ........................     1,599     143,540     1,405     127,494       373      38,673 
June .......................     1,532     143,444     1,348     128,105       341      35,693 
July .......................     1,579     145,000     1,363     124,745       342      35,460 
August .....................     1,587     165,547     1,373     150,136       391      48,997 
September ..................     1,495     153,229     1,347     139,151       376      39,929 
October ....................     1,353     118,689     1,221     107,101       345      33,849 




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2007 to 
October 2011, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants    Events   claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2007                                                                              
                                                                                               
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413 
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754 
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418 
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527 
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740 
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188 
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698 
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097 
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733 
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912 
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391 
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457 
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620 
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529 
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757 
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588 
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747 
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872 
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683 
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726 
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208 
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151 
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126 
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655 
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053 
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846 
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728 
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745 
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178 
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334 
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083 
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200 
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088 
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403 
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861 
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383 
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006 
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471 
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869 
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104 
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199 
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986 
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814 
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916 
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058 
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447 




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)

                                                            Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants  
                                                      October    October    October    October    October    October    October    October
                                                         2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011

      Total (2) ..................................      1,642      1,101    148,638     96,914        328        275     29,728     24,229

Total, private ...................................      1,493      1,015    136,178     88,044        299        254     27,236     22,011
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...        120         65      8,313      4,296         24         16      1,663      1,074

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,373        950    127,865     83,748        275        238     25,573     20,937
    Mining .......................................          6        (3)        390        (3)          1        (3)         78        (3)
    Utilities ....................................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Construction .................................        175         89     13,500      6,391         35         22      2,700      1,598
        Construction of buildings ................         39         18      3,103      1,352          8          5        621        338
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         60         29      5,276      2,204         12          7      1,055        551
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         76         42      5,121      2,835         15         11      1,024        709
    Manufacturing ................................        351        265     40,861     28,447         70         66      8,172      7,112
        Food .....................................         80         58      8,639      6,596         16         15      1,728      1,649
        Beverage and tobacco products ............         15          5      1,166        445          3          1        233        111
        Textile mills ............................          7         15      1,019      1,242          1          4        204        311
        Textile product mills ....................          4        (3)        271        (3)          1        (3)         54        (3)
        Apparel ..................................         10          6      1,399        513          2          2        280        128
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
        Wood products ............................         26         15      2,570      1,276          5          4        514        319
        Paper ....................................          4          3        334        278          1          1         67         70
        Printing and related support activities ..          6         11        435      1,055          1          3         87        264
        Petroleum and coal products ..............        (3)          5        (3)        360        (3)          1        (3)         90

        Chemicals ................................          8          5        723        274          2          1        145         69
        Plastics and rubber products .............          9          9        656        771          2          2        131        193
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............         15          9      1,460        791          3          2        292        198
        Primary metals ...........................         16         11      1,358      1,021          3          3        272        255
        Fabricated metal products ................         20         17      1,667      2,066          4          4        333        517
        Machinery ................................         26         22      4,968      3,617          5          6        994        904
        Computer and electronic products .........         13         15        851      1,422          3          4        170        356
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         15          6      1,935      1,377          3          2        387        344
        Transportation equipment .................         50         28      8,581      3,478         10          7      1,716        870
        Furniture and related products ...........         17         11      1,929        825          3          3        386        206
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............          6         10        596        700          1          3        119        175

    Wholesale trade ..............................         30         21      2,079      1,489          6          5        416        372
    Retail trade (4) .............................        126         99     13,260      9,240         25         25      2,652      2,310
        Building material and garden supply stores         13         11      1,300      1,008          3          3        260        252
        Food and beverage stores .................         23         19      2,039      1,705          5          5        408        426
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         13          7        803        378          3          2        161         95
        General merchandise stores ...............         38         36      6,189      4,380          8          9      1,238      1,095
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         45         29      3,948      2,345          9          7        790        586
        Truck transportation .....................          7        (3)        462        (3)          1        (3)         92        (3)
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................         14         12      1,203      1,185          3          3        241        296
        Support activities for transportation ....          8        (3)        635        (3)          2        (3)        127        (3)
    Information ..................................         52         23      5,640      2,452         10          6      1,128        613
    Finance and insurance ........................         31         25      2,342      1,973          6          6        468        493
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          9          7        455        544          2          2         91        136
    Professional and technical services ..........         43         34      3,447      2,469          9          9        689        617
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          3        (3)        265        (3)          1        (3)         53        (3)
    Administrative and waste services ............        275        199     23,531     16,173         55         50      4,706      4,043
    Educational services .........................         11          8        657        518          2          2        131        130
    Health care and social assistance ............         54         41      4,056      2,728         11         10        811        682
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         31         28      2,674      2,053          6          7        535        513
    Accommodation and food services ..............        118         72     10,024      5,986         24         18      2,005      1,497
        Accommodation ............................         42         21      3,658      1,624          8          5        732        406
        Food services and drinking places ........         76         51      6,366      4,362         15         13      1,273      1,091
    Other services, except public administration .         10          5        506        492          2          1        101        123
    Unclassified .................................        (3)          1        (3)        113        (3)          -        (3)         28

Government .......................................        149         86     12,460      8,870         30         22      2,492      2,218
    Federal ......................................         41         23      4,336      2,198          8          6        867        550
    State ........................................         32         23      2,967      2,566          6          6        593        642
         State government education ..............          8          5        492        361          2          1         98         90
    Local ........................................         76         40      5,157      4,106         15         10      1,031      1,027
         Local government education ..............         34         13      1,932        974          7          3        386        244

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.  There were 5 weeks in October 2010 and 4 weeks in October 
 2011.  Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding. 
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state             Mass layoff totals                      Average weekly mass layoffs (1)    

                                      Events          Initial Claimants           Events          Initial Claimants 
                                October    October    October    October    October    October    October    October
                                   2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011       2010       2011
                                                                                                                    
   Total (2) ...............      1,642      1,101    148,638     96,914        328        275     29,728     24,229
                                                                                                                    
Northeast ..................        246        164     20,922     14,814         49         41      4,184      3,704
    Connecticut ............          7          8        523        640          1          2        105        160
    Maine ..................          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    Massachusetts ..........         11          9        858        987          2          2        172        247
    New Hampshire ..........          3        (3)        302        (3)          1        (3)         60        (3)
    New Jersey .............         31         23      2,517      1,744          6          6        503        436
    New York ...............         61         49      5,443      5,484         12         12      1,089      1,371
    Pennsylvania ...........        129         70     11,022      5,637         26         18      2,204      1,409
    Rhode Island ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Vermont ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
                                                                                                                    
South ......................        368        284     35,853     25,223         74         71      7,171      6,306
    Alabama ................         20          7      2,244        967          4          2        449        242
    Arkansas ...............          7         18        790      2,520          1          5        158        630
    Delaware ...............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    District of Columbia ...        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Florida ................        105         91      9,277      6,576         21         23      1,855      1,644
    Georgia ................         32         24      2,969      1,886          6          6        594        472
    Kentucky ...............         20         20      2,828      1,841          4          5        566        460
    Louisiana ..............         19          8      1,554        525          4          2        311        131
    Maryland ...............          9          3        796        163          2          1        159         41
    Mississippi ............         15          9      1,017        668          3          2        203        167
    North Carolina (4) .....         21         27      1,697      2,195          4          7        339        549
    Oklahoma ...............          7          7        484        574          1          2         97        144
    South Carolina .........         21         10      3,479      1,329          4          3        696        332
    Tennessee ..............         15          4      1,006        292          3          1        201         73
    Texas ..................         52         39      4,739      3,454         10         10        948        864
    Virginia ...............         19         13      2,444      1,830          4          3        489        458
    West Virginia ..........          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
                                                                                                                    
Midwest ....................        316        215     34,290     22,090         63         54      6,858      5,523
    Illinois ...............         60         48      7,281      4,971         12         12      1,456      1,243
    Indiana ................         26         13      4,349      1,843          5          3        870        461
    Iowa ...................         14         10      1,397      1,115          3          3        279        279
    Kansas .................          6        (3)        737        (3)          1        (3)        147        (3)
    Michigan ...............         34         32      3,010      3,151          7          8        602        788
    Minnesota ..............         26         12      3,056      1,132          5          3        611        283
    Missouri ...............         37         22      2,866      2,503          7          6        573        626
    Nebraska ...............          6          8        560        811          1          2        112        203
    North Dakota ...........          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    Ohio ...................         45         29      4,734      2,616          9          7        947        654
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Wisconsin ..............         62         38      6,300      3,577         12         10      1,260        894
                                                                                                                    
West .......................        712        438     57,573     34,787        142        110     11,515      8,697
    Alaska .................          5          8        430        970          1          2         86        243
    Arizona ................         24         17      2,392      1,527          5          4        478        382
    California .............        559        322     42,458     24,007        112         81      8,492      6,002
    Colorado ...............         17         10      1,675        873          3          3        335        218
    Hawaii .................          5          5        401        340          1          1         80         85
    Idaho ..................          5          9        362        613          1          2         72        153
    Montana ................          9          7        831        730          2          2        166        183
    Nevada .................         26          4      2,396        279          5          1        479         70
    New Mexico .............          7         11        545        705          1          3        109        176
    Oregon .................         22         21      2,540      2,354          4          5        508        589
    Utah ...................          7        (3)        758        (3)          1        (3)        152        (3)
    Washington .............         22         20      2,181      1,774          4          5        436        444
    Wyoming ................          4        (3)        604        (3)          1        (3)        121        (3)
                                                                                                                    
    Puerto Rico ............         22          9      2,191      1,058          4          2        438        265
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance
     input procedures.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: November 22, 2011