Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 20, 2009        USDL-09-1404

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          MASS LAYOFFS -- OCTOBER 2009



Employers took 2,127 mass layoff actions in October that resulted in the 
separation of 217,182 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new fil-
ings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Each action involved at least 50 persons 
from a single employer. The number of mass layoff events in October decreased
by 434 from the prior month, and the number of associated initial claims de-
creased by 30,824. Over the year, the number of mass layoff events decreased 
by 77, and associated initial claims decreased by 13,148. Year-to-date mass
layoff events (25,872) and initial claims (2,627,390) both recorded program
highs. (Data begin in April 1995.) In October, 619 mass layoff events were 
reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 
70,572 initial claims. Over the month, the number of manufacturing events de-
creased by 237, and associated initial claims decreased by 26,494. (See 
table 1.)

During the 23 months from December 2007 through October 2009, the total num-
ber of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 49,357, and the number 
of initial claims filed (seasonally adjusted) in those events was 5,021,824. 
(December 2007 was the start of a recession as designated by the National 
Bureau of Economic Research.)

The national unemployment rate was 10.2 percent in October 2009, seasonally 
adjusted, up from 9.8 percent the prior month and from 6.6 percent a year 
earlier. In October, total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 190,000 
over the month and by 5,504,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in October was 1,934 on a not seasonally 
adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 193,904. (See 
table 2.) Over the year, the number of mass layoff events decreased by 191,
and associated initial claims decreased by 27,880. Three of the 19 major 
industry sectors in the private economy reported program highs in terms of
average weekly initial claimants for the month of October: construction;
wholesale trade; and management of companies and enterprises. Both state 
and local government reached October highs in terms of average weekly claims.
(Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.
See the Technical Note.)

The manufacturing sector accounted for 29 percent of all mass layoff events
and 36 percent of initial claims filed in October 2009. A year earlier, man-
ufacturing made up 32 percent of events and 45 percent of initial claims. 
Within manufacturing, the number of claimants in October was greatest in 
transportation equipment (17,069) and machinery (10,892). Transportation
equipment had the largest over-the-year decrease in initial claims (-19,041),
while machinery had the highest increase (+2,995) among all three-digit NAICS
industries. (See table 3.)

The administrative and waste services sector accounted for 13 percent of both
mass layoff events and initial claims, down slightly from 16 percent of events
and 14 percent of initial claims in October 2008. The construction sector ac-
counted for 11 percent of events and 8 percent of initial claims, about the
same as a year earlier (10 percent and 7 percent, respectively).

The six-digit NAICS industry with the largest number of initial claims in 
October 2009 was temporary help services. Of the 10 detailed industries with
the largest number of mass layoff initial claims, 3 reached a series high for
any October: construction machinery manufacturing; highway, street, and bridge
construction; and food service contractors. (See table A.)


Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial 
claims in October 2009, not seasonally adjusted


                                                            October peak
                  Industry	
                                                 Initial   Year    Initial 
                                                 claims            claims 

Temporary help services (1) ..................   14,056    1998    18,760
Motion picture and video production ..........    6,566    1997     7,692
Professional employer organizations (1) ......    6,402    2008     7,242
Automobile manufacturing .....................    5,041    2008    10,508
Construction machinery manufacturing .........    4,770    2009     4,770
Highway, street, and bridge construction .....    3,870    2009     3,870
Farm labor contractors and crew leaders ......    3,399    1998     9,617
Food service contractors .....................    3,233    2009     3,233
Discount department stores ...................    3,193    2002     4,959
Hotels and motels, except casino hotels ......    3,032    2001     5,795

   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.



Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the four census regions, the West registered the highest number of in-
itial claims in October due to mass layoffs, followed by the Midwest and the 
South. (See table 5.) Initial claims associated with mass layoffs decreased 
over the year in all of the regions, with the Midwest experiencing the largest
decrease (-14,418), mostly in transportation equipment manufacturing.

Of the nine geographic divisions, the Pacific had the highest number of ini-
tial claims due to mass layoffs in October, followed by the East North Central,
the South Atlantic, and the Middle Atlantic. (See table 5.) Eight of the 9 di-
visions experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by the 
East North Central (-10,919).

California recorded the highest number of initial claims in October, followed
by Illinois, Florida, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. (See table 6.) 
Twenty-six states experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led
by Michigan (-7,308), Ohio (-7,195), and Kentucky (-3,671); all three exper-
ienced the largest decreases in initial claims in transportation equipment 
manufacturing. In 2009, eight states reached program highs in average weekly 
initial claims for the month of October: Arizona, Iowa, Montana, New Mexico, 
New York, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more work-
ers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For 
private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is ob-
tained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs 
lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quart-
erly release provides more information on the industry classification and lo-
cation of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers.
Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less, the sum
of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher than the quarterly
figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days. (See table 4.) See the Technical
Note for more detailed definitions.

_____________
Mass Layoffs in November is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, December 22,
2009, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2005 to 
October 2009, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial  
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants 
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

November ...................     1,162     113,502     1,027     102,058       325      41,493
December ...................     1,263     136,751     1,135     125,700       358      46,940

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,112     111,601       986     102,359       293      35,390
February ...................       960     104,045       872      96,317       317      41,810
March ......................     1,078     118,270       976     109,842       320      48,026
April ......................     1,198     123,674     1,062     113,849       366      50,747
May ........................     1,132     116,808     1,013     106,743       312      42,958
June .......................     1,156     124,955     1,044     115,491       356      45,280
July .......................     1,204     123,172     1,077     113,324       381      50,109
August .....................     1,278     136,289     1,117     125,064       376      60,524
September ..................     1,167     124,083     1,054     115,451       390      46,470
October ....................     1,195     121,439     1,081     112,777       401      53,597
November ...................     1,209     131,459     1,096     122,136       402      57,084
December ...................     1,201     133,311     1,100     124,019       369      51,113

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,261     129,190     1,116     118,890       406      55,341
February ...................     1,240     134,524     1,130     126,105       404      58,861
March ......................     1,261     129,480     1,151     120,923       407      52,356
April ......................     1,281     130,263     1,145     119,683       381      45,654
May ........................     1,200     119,259     1,097     111,585       368      48,682
June .......................     1,256     132,078     1,138     122,726       356      41,135
July .......................     1,288     131,556     1,182     123,322       405      53,318
August .....................     1,262     125,334     1,162     117,557       331      36,577
September ..................     1,279     125,527     1,183     118,917       440      54,006
October ....................     1,346     133,514     1,224     124,666       436      57,527
November ...................     1,352     143,419     1,233     134,445       408      56,330
December ...................     1,469     145,916     1,354     136,914       447      56,152

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,476     149,068     1,350     139,076       435      56,579
February ...................     1,669     183,038     1,532     172,013       526      67,235
March ......................     1,585     161,497     1,471     151,550       483      65,252
April ......................     1,344     135,352     1,215     125,074       487      63,247
May ........................     1,701     180,558     1,563     170,538       538      75,520
June .......................     1,717     174,748     1,561     162,071       555      79,744
July .......................     1,535     152,499     1,390     141,239       455      57,648
August .....................     1,887     188,951     1,735     178,479       626      80,913
September ..................     2,290     240,721     2,114     226,492       643      86,617
October ....................     2,204     230,330     2,042     216,095       687      92,256
November ...................     2,333     225,639     2,185     213,288       868     100,643
December ...................     2,275     226,117     2,100     212,559       871     105,402

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,227     237,902     2,070     225,490       738     102,577
February ...................     2,769     295,477     2,628     281,500     1,235     152,618
March ......................     2,933     299,388     2,751     283,989     1,259     155,909
April ......................     2,712     271,226     2,519     256,111     1,111     135,252
May ........................     2,933     312,880     2,736     296,108     1,331     165,802
June .......................     2,763     279,231     2,536     260,747     1,235     159,310
July .......................     2,157     206,791     1,928     185,718       621      72,266
August .....................     2,690     259,307     2,428     237,302       900      93,892
September ..................     2,561     248,006     2,324     229,371       856      97,066
October ....................     2,127     217,182     1,918     198,453       619      70,572




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, November 2005 to
October 2009, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2005                                                                             

November ...................     1,254     116,127     1,079     102,182       363      41,442
December ...................     2,323     254,258     2,168     242,753       706      96,382

             2006                                                                             

January ....................     1,245     117,946     1,123     108,701       331      35,097
February ...................       719      66,555       658      62,208       210      24,892
March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance


                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                              Mass layoff events                   unemployment insurance          
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                    October   August  September  October    October    August   September   October
                                                     2008      2009     2009      2009       2008       2009       2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    2,204     2,690    2,561     2,127     230,330    259,307   248,006    217,182

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    2,042     2,428    2,324     1,918     216,095    237,302   229,371    198,453
    Manufacturing ...............................      687       900      856       619      92,256     93,892    97,066     70,572
    
              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    2,125     1,428    1,371     1,934     221,784    125,024   123,177    193,904
      
Total, private ..................................    2,034     1,356    1,285     1,806     213,602    118,920   116,813    181,476
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..      117        22       27       128       8,049      1,727     1,672      8,593

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,917     1,334    1,258     1,678     205,553    117,193   115,141    172,883
    Mining ......................................        6         9       10        15         449        603       918      1,038
    Utilities ...................................      (2)       (2)        6         6         (2)        (2)       448        550
    Construction ................................      206       160      167       205      14,864     11,904    10,637     15,258
    Manufacturing ...............................      689       436      448       566     100,457     41,151    51,126     69,655
        Food ....................................       75        41       50        91      11,144      3,632     5,044      8,999
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        7         5        5        12         488        937       306      1,001
        Textile mills ...........................       20       (2)       12         9       2,925        (2)     1,197      1,407
        Textile product mills ...................       10         5      (2)         3         792        557       (2)        419
        Apparel .................................        9        15        7         7         914      1,317       572        438
        Leather and allied products .............      (2)       (2)      (2)         -         (2)        (2)       (2)          -
        Wood products ...........................       68        19       36        41       6,932      1,423     2,653      4,326
        Paper ...................................       17         8       15        14       1,392        576     1,287      1,216
        Printing and related support activities .       10         9       10        17       1,042        714       828      1,337
        Petroleum and coal products .............      (2)         -        -         3         (2)          -         -        312

        Chemicals ...............................       13        10        9         8       1,394        843       540        533
        Plastics and rubber products ............       47        17       13        35       4,903      1,532     1,195      2,672
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       21        18       12        16       1,755      1,147       763      1,172
        Primary metals ..........................       48        31       30        44       6,038      2,742     3,330      4,703
        Fabricated metal products ...............       47        43       44        49       4,632      3,501     3,856      4,702
        Machinery ...............................       43        74       63        51       7,897      6,608    12,389     10,892
        Computer and electronic products ........       36        30       28        29       3,705      2,535     1,986      2,169
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       21        18       23        29       3,873      1,853     2,740      3,394
        Transportation equipment ................      149        68       53        72      36,110      9,076     7,331     17,069
        Furniture and related products ..........       32        13       22        22       2,902        941     3,481      1,865
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............       13         6       11        14       1,210        577     1,117      1,029

    Wholesale trade .............................       38        34       32        50       2,573      2,714     2,422      4,645
    Retail trade ................................      161       111      139       124      15,328     10,173    13,094     12,914
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       75       101       47        61       6,007      9,131     4,807      5,541
    Information .................................       49        46       45        57       7,820      6,067     4,572      9,567
    Finance and insurance .......................       63        47       43        49       5,025      4,434     3,308      3,716
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........       15         7      (2)        13       1,014        404       (2)        870
    Professional and technical services .........       46        32       31        57       3,022      2,302     1,998      5,974
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        4       (2)        5         6         337        (2)       495        812
    Administrative and waste services ...........      334       195      142       260      30,945     15,604    11,525     25,694
    Educational services ........................        5        13        7         3         292      1,796       371        226
    Health care and social assistance ...........       39        31       23        37       2,823      1,947     1,573      2,165
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       42        19       29        34       3,106      1,403     2,209      2,435
    Accommodation and food services .............      125        74       73       126      10,278      6,034     4,981     11,346
    Other services, except public administration        16        13        7         9         962      1,076       409        477
    Unclassified ................................      (2)         -      (2)         -         (2)          -       (2)          -

Government ......................................       91        72       86       128       8,182      6,104     6,364     12,428
    Federal .....................................       19        14        8        28       1,746      1,381       603      2,550
    State .......................................       30        19       28        32       2,985      1,717     2,082      3,433
    Local .......................................       42        39       50        68       3,451      3,006     3,679      6,445
                                                                                                                                   
 
   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia. 
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.   
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero. 




Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, October 2007 to October 2009, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                             Extended mass layoffs                               
             Date                                        Mass layoffs         lasting more than 30 days        Realization rates (1)
             
                                          Initial                Initial                     Initial                        Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants      Events       claimants           Events     claimants
             2007                                                                                                                 

October ....................    1,083      108,455       929      97,716                                                          
November ...................    1,799      198,220     1,593     181,184                                                          
December ...................    2,167      224,214     2,071     216,898                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,049      530,889     4,593     495,798         1,814         347,151             39.5       70.0

             2008                                                                                                                 

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                          
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                          
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925         1,340         259,292             35.9       70.5

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                          
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                          
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003         1,756      (r)339,630             44.7       82.2

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                          
August .....................    1,427      139,999     1,343     133,146                                                          
September ..................    1,292      129,586     1,202     122,505                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,610      469,967     4,232     441,669      (r)1,581      (r)304,340             37.4       68.9

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                          
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                          
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430         3,582      (r)766,592             47.5    (r)99.2

             2009                                                                                                                 

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                          
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                          
March ......................    2,191      228,387     2,107     221,397                                                          

First Quarter ..............    8,259      835,638     7,913     807,445         3,979      (r)835,017             50.3   (r)103.4

April ......................    2,547      256,930     2,385     243,321                                                          
May ........................    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047                                                          
June .......................    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063                                                          

Second Quarter .............    7,804      802,915     7,008     733,431      (r)3,396      (r)727,494          (r)48.5    (r)99.2

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                          
August .....................    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193                                                          
September ..................    1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    5,853      584,855     5,251     528,923   (2)(p)1,776   (2)(p)266,938          (p)33.8    (p)50.5

October ....................    1,934      193,904     1,678     172,883                                                          


   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days.  The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   r = revised.        
   p = preliminary.



   

Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not 
seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Initial claimants for            
                                          Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance            
                                           
  Census region and division                                                                                        
  
                                  October   August   September  October    October     August    September   October
                                    2008     2009       2009      2009       2008       2009        2009       2009 
                                                                                                                    
        United States (1) ...      2,125     1,428     1,371     1,934     221,784    125,024     123,177    193,904
        
Northeast ...................        270       279       233       260      23,945     26,444      18,617     22,709
    New England .............         25        32        29        30       2,522      2,953       2,762      2,134
    Middle Atlantic .........        245       247       204       230      21,423     23,491      15,855     20,575

South .......................        538       342       334       499      53,087     29,486      28,943     45,772
    South Atlantic ..........        295       204       182       279      25,535     17,732      14,927     23,144
    East South Central ......        111        57        71        87      15,162      4,820       6,844      9,545
    West South Central ......        132        81        81       133      12,390      6,934       7,172     13,083

Midwest .....................        511       350       309       483      75,210     32,197      38,137     60,792
    East North Central ......        406       273       240       375      60,196     25,962      30,304     49,277
    West North Central ......        105        77        69       108      15,014      6,235       7,833     11,515

West ........................        806       457       495       692      69,542     36,897      37,480     64,631
    Mountain ................         98        63        53       103       9,191      6,116       3,924      9,020
    Pacific .................        708       394       442       589      60,351     30,781      33,556     55,611
                                                                                                                   
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:  New Jersey, New York,
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic:  Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:  Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central:  Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific:  Alaska, California, Hawaii,  
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally 
adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                       Mass layoff events                            unemployment insurance           
           State                                                                                                      
                            October      August    September   October     October      August     September   October
                              2008        2009       2009        2009        2008        2009         2009       2009 
                                 
   Total (1) ............    2,125        1,428      1,371      1,934      221,784      125,024     123,177    193,904
                                 
Alabama .................       26           23         22         27        3,865        1,997       2,044      3,179
Alaska ..................       13            4          7          8        1,631          295         849        755
Arizona .................       13           10          7         20          979          977         463      1,666
Arkansas ................       18            4        (2)         17        1,877          260         (2)      1,954
California ..............      621          340        395        514       51,286       26,082      28,797     48,169
Colorado ................       11            5         14         19        1,143          374       1,036      1,554
Connecticut .............        4            4          4          9          540          334         323        671
Delaware ................      (2)          (2)        (2)          3          (2)          (2)         (2)        251
District of Columbia ....        -          (2)          -        (2)            -          (2)           -        (2)
Florida .................      176          104         91        167       12,946        7,795       5,975     11,851
Georgia .................       61           23         35         39        6,825        2,202       2,817      3,880
Hawaii ..................        9            8          6          7          910          872         465        630
Idaho ...................       22            9          4         10        2,682        1,305         306      1,088

Illinois ................       64           82         71         93        7,842        7,432      10,743     12,917
Indiana .................       63           30         21         37        7,961        3,182       2,895      4,759
Iowa ....................       23           17         18         35        3,818        1,359       2,384      4,732
Kansas ..................       18           14         15         13        2,543          945       2,880      1,562
Kentucky ................       46           22         32         36        8,327        2,006       3,394      4,656
Louisiana ...............       22           18         10         24        1,662        1,698         887      2,169
Maine ...................      (2)          (2)          3          3          (2)          (2)         268        177
Maryland ................       11           10          7          6          885          759         463        479
Massachusetts ...........       11           13         12          9          980        1,357         985        596
Michigan ................       81           43         40         70       16,851        3,593       6,167      9,543
Minnesota ...............       23           13         15         24        1,880          948       1,122      1,985
Mississippi .............       17            5          5         10        1,513          349         323        602
Missouri ................       35           28         16         31        5,877        2,549       1,018      2,556

Montana .................        5            3          3         11          573          258         227      1,062
Nebraska ................        5          (2)          3          4          819          (2)         210        559
Nevada ..................       29           30         15         19        2,421        2,879       1,201      1,361
New Hampshire ...........        3            6        (2)          3          310          454         (2)        263
New Jersey ..............       45           27         31         37        3,670        2,162       2,844      2,850
New Mexico ..............        5            4          7         11          396          191         487        761
New York ................       54          106         58         68        4,725       11,405       4,424      6,961
North Carolina ..........       18           19          8         19        1,838        2,523         918      1,672
North Dakota ............      (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)          (2)          (2)         (2)        (2)
Ohio ....................      118           58         47         75       17,764        5,941       4,745     10,569
Oklahoma ................        6            8          4          7        1,137          679         401        582
Oregon ..................       36           21         15         35        3,883        1,691       1,402      3,936
Pennsylvania ............      146          114        115        125       13,028        9,924       8,587     10,764

Rhode Island ............        3            5          3        (2)          325          456         260        (2)
South Carolina ..........       23           20         18         19        2,268        2,133       2,831      2,692
South Dakota ............        -          (2)          -          -            -          (2)           -          -
Tennessee ...............       22            7         12         14        1,457          468       1,083      1,108
Texas ...................       86           51         65         85        7,714        4,297       5,715      8,378
Utah ....................        9          (2)          3          9          721          (2)         204      1,058
Vermont .................      (2)          (2)          5          3          (2)          (2)         507        254
Virginia ................        4           21         22         22          655        1,652       1,868      1,955
Washington ..............       29           21         19         25        2,641        1,841       2,043      2,121
West Virginia ...........        -            4          -          3            -          272           -        250
Wisconsin ...............       80           60         61        100        9,778        5,814       5,754     11,489
Wyoming .................        4            -          -          4          276            -           -        470

Puerto Rico .............       13           15         17         12        1,117        1,326       1,563      1,079
 
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE:  Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: November 20, 2009