Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, September 22, 2011           USDL-11-1375

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      MASS LAYOFFS -- AUGUST 2011


Employers took 1,587 mass layoff actions in August involving 165,547
workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for
unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Each mass layoff involved at least 50
workers from a single employer. The number of mass layoff events in
August increased by 8 from July, and the number of associated initial
claims increased by 20,547. In August, 391 mass layoff events were
reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting
in 48,997 initial claims. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 9.1 percent in August, unchanged
from the prior month but down from 9.6 percent a year earlier. In
August, total nonfarm payroll employment was unchanged from the prior
month at 131.1 million and increased over the year by 1.3 million.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in August was 961, not seasonally
adjusted, resulting in 99,213 initial claims for unemployment insurance.
Mass layoff events decreased by 15 from August 2010, while associated 
initial claims increased by 6,778. (See table 2.) Nine of the 19 major
industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year increases
in initial claims, with the largest increases occurring in information
and manufacturing. The six-digit industry with the largest number of
initial claims in August 2011 was wired telecommunications carriers.
(See table A. The table includes both publicly and privately owned
entities.)


Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims 
in August 2011, not seasonally adjusted 


                                                              August peak
                  Industry
                                          Initial claims     Year   Initial 
                                                                    claims
                                                                    
Wired telecommunications carriers...........  15,014         2011    15,014
Temporary help services (1) ................   8,557         1999    11,533
School and employee bus transportation......   5,359         2003     6,538
Motion picture and video production ........   2,027         2003     6,812
Food service contractors ...................   1,868         2011     1,868
Automobile manufacturing ...................   1,820         2001     8,166
Lawn and garden equipment manufacturing ....     (2)         2011       (2)
Professional employer organizations (1) ....   1,504         2008     5,252
Household refrigerator and home freezer mfg.   1,482         2011     1,482
Warehouse clubs and supercenters ...........   1,431         2009     1,552

    1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
    2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.


The manufacturing sector accounted for 24 percent of all mass layoff
events and 27 percent of initial claims filed in August. A year
earlier, manufacturing made up 24 percent of events and 25 percent of
initial claims. Within this sector, the number of claimants in August
2011 was greatest in the transportation equipment subsector. Eleven of
the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year increases in
initial claims, with the largest increase occurring in machinery. (See
table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Three of the 4 regions and 8 of the 9 divisions experienced over-the-
year increases in initial claims for unemployment insurance due to
mass layoffs in August. Among the census regions, the Northeast
registered the largest over-the-year increase in initial claims. Of
the geographic divisions, the Middle Atlantic had the largest over-the-
year increase in initial claims. (See table 5.)

California recorded the highest number of mass layoff initial claims
in August, followed by Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and
Massachusetts. Thirty states and the District of Columbia experienced
over-the-year increases in initial claims, led by Massachusetts and
New Jersey. (See table 6.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or
more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of
the layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the
length of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly
release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days
(referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release
provides more information on the industry classification and location
of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers.
Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less,
the sum of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher
than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days. (See
table 4.) See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for September is scheduled to be
released on Tuesday, October 25, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



  -----------------------------------------------------------------------                  
 |                                                                       |
 |        Upcoming Changes to the Mass Layoffs News Release              | 
 |                                                                       |
 | The following changes will be introduced in the October 2011          |  
 | mass layoffs news release scheduled to be released on Tuesday,        |
 | November 22, 2011.                                                    |
 |                                                                       |
 | --Charts 1 and 2 will be replaced with a single chart showing 10      |
 |   years of mass layoff initial claims data.                           |
 |                                                                       |
 | --Table A will only show private nonfarm industries.                  |
 |                                                                       |
 | --Seasonally adjusted data will be removed from Table 3 since these	 |
 |   data are shown in Table 1. Select three-digit industry detail will	 |
 |   be added to several two-digit industries. Public education industry |
 |   detail will be displayed within the state and local government	 |
 |   sections of Table 3. The previous two months’ data will be removed; |
 |   the current month and the previous year’s data will be shown.       |
 |    									 |
 | --Table 4 will be removed from the monthly release and issued as a 	 |
 |   supplemental table to the quarterly release. Table 5 and Table 6 	 |
 |   will be combined to create a new Table 4. The geographic divisions	 |
 |   shown in Table 5 will be removed, and the states will be grouped	 |
 |   into their respective Census regions. The previous two months’ data |
 |   will be removed; the current month and previous year’s data will be |
 |   shown.   								 |
 |                                                                       | 
 | --The new Tables 3 and 4 will include average weekly mass layoff	 |
 |   events and average weekly initial claims for the current month and  |
 |   previous year. See the Technical Note for a description of average  |
 |   weekly analysis.                                            	 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________|      
 



Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month. All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday. In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations. This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks. The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary. Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data. Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data. Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, September 2007 to
August 2011, seasonally adjusted

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
             2007                                                                             

September ..................     1,233     121,998     1,140     115,675       430      51,731
October ....................     1,330     133,063     1,210     124,455       439      56,970
November ...................     1,397     145,339     1,269     135,651       408      56,985
December ...................     1,553     154,275     1,435     144,785       463      59,445

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,437     146,900     1,302     135,622       431      55,562
February ...................     1,604     175,128     1,441     163,475       471      59,118
March ......................     1,500     150,502     1,388     140,424       435      56,156
April ......................     1,292     128,901     1,162     118,016       449      58,402
May ........................     1,582     161,944     1,444     152,230       468      62,452
June .......................     1,631     164,508     1,488     153,014       491      68,198
July .......................     1,581     164,497     1,443     153,720       463      62,425
August .....................     1,791     181,107     1,653     171,705       583      77,874
September ..................     2,192     233,034     2,024     219,532       635      82,471
October ....................     2,221     229,254     2,062     215,787       697      92,408
November ...................     2,415     228,107     2,256     214,631       900     102,284
December ...................     2,443     245,661     2,264     231,138       927     114,280

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,272     238,717     2,103     224,850       756     100,927
February ...................     2,801     315,507     2,636     300,042     1,194     138,583
March ......................     2,950     295,543     2,758     279,027     1,205     144,713
April ......................     2,579     251,032     2,368     234,796       997     121,435
May ........................     2,758     288,319     2,557     271,425     1,187     147,548
June .......................     2,506     250,275     2,293     232,814     1,048     135,389
July .......................     2,192     223,697     1,977     203,365       620      72,932
August .....................     2,419     220,262     2,177     201,951       778      83,837
September ..................     2,305     219,924     2,095     204,596       799      91,665
October ....................     1,975     195,347     1,780     177,977       570      63,646
November ...................     1,754     154,223     1,585     141,439       464      51,891
December ...................     1,725     156,274     1,545     141,649       420      43,584

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,716     171,633     1,541     157,597       494      60,059
February ...................     1,492     149,369     1,318     135,490       351      40,564
March ......................     1,635     146,901     1,436     131,953       347      37,273
April ......................     1,675     159,358     1,498     143,814       371      48,646
May ........................     1,665     155,352     1,405     133,913       314      30,967
June .......................     1,729     153,937     1,504     134,837       326      32,646
July .......................     1,528     138,581     1,316     121,378       296      30,752
August .....................     1,658     163,325     1,453     141,489       409      47,668
September ..................     1,541     137,941     1,331     119,654       336      34,641
October ....................     1,649     147,204     1,445     130,264       353      37,394
November ...................     1,579     148,800     1,397     133,845       350      39,072
December ...................     1,483     137,992     1,272     122,688       319      35,977

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,534     149,799     1,344     132,730       341      39,189
February ...................     1,421     130,818     1,220     116,190       291      26,060
March ......................     1,286     118,523     1,128     105,636       253      27,619
April ......................     1,564     143,927     1,401     129,702       327      35,022
May ........................     1,599     143,540     1,405     127,494       373      38,673
June .......................     1,532     143,444     1,348     128,105       341      35,693
July .......................     1,579     145,000     1,363     124,745       342      35,460
August .....................     1,587     165,547     1,373     150,136       391      48,997




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, September 2007 to
August 2011, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2007                                                                             

September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance


                                                                                                    Initial claimants for          
                                                                Mass layoff events                  unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                    August     June     July     August     August      June      July      August 
                                                     2010      2011     2011      2011       2010       2011      2011       2011  
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                


      Total .....................................    1,658     1,532    1,579     1,587     163,325    143,444   145,000    165,547

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    1,453     1,348    1,363     1,373     141,489    128,105   124,745    150,136
    Manufacturing ...............................      409       341      342       391      47,668     35,693    35,460     48,997
    
              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................      976     1,661    2,176       961      92,435    159,930   216,774     99,213
      
Total, private ..................................      923     1,282    1,867       904      84,610    125,944   182,960     94,711
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       26        44      108        29       1,589      3,123     8,882      1,552

  Total, private nonfarm ........................      897     1,238    1,759       875      83,021    122,821   174,078     93,159
    Mining ......................................      (2)       (2)        -       (2)         (2)        (2)         -        (2)
    Utilities ...................................        -       (2)      (2)         -           -        (2)       (2)          -
    Construction ................................      105        84      118        65       6,910      6,847     8,990      4,628
    Manufacturing ...............................      230       226      602       228      23,088     22,986    71,814     26,916
        Food ....................................       54        51       84        51       4,312      5,011     9,998      4,585
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........      (2)         -      (2)         6         (2)          -       (2)        472
        Textile mills ...........................        4         8       29         8         888      1,131     3,341        944
        Textile product mills ...................        3         6        9         3         272        420     1,107        200
        Apparel .................................        9        10       14        10         573      1,119     1,526      1,024
        Leather and allied products .............      (2)       (2)        3         -         (2)        (2)       869          -
        Wood products ...........................       17        12       28        11       1,355      1,083     2,826      1,242
        Paper ...................................        7         5        4         7         559        427       298        512
        Printing and related support activities .        3         5        9         6         246        383       930        569
        Petroleum and coal products .............        -       (2)      (2)         -           -        (2)       (2)          -

        Chemicals ...............................        8       (2)       12         6         562        (2)       935        303
        Plastics and rubber products ............       10        11       36         8         691        880     3,359        705
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............        8         5       13        11         621        380     1,612        685
        Primary metals ..........................        7        11       24         5         835        914     2,450        415
        Fabricated metal products ...............       12        10       27        11         925        607     2,980      1,051
        Machinery ...............................       18        16       34        16       2,077      2,042     4,799      4,407
        Computer and electronic products ........       15        10       19        10         999        716     1,735        884
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....        8         9       19        12       1,303        915     2,628      2,537
        Transportation equipment ................       32        34      193        30       4,869      4,871    26,488      4,688
        Furniture and related products ..........        6         7       31         7       1,417        771     2,770        952
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............        4         9        9        10         319        826       726        741

    Wholesale trade .............................       18        18       21        17       1,324      1,440     1,594      1,347
    Retail trade ................................      108        82      165        79      10,430      7,177    17,189      6,804
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       45       144      114        74       4,356     19,513     9,326      7,181
    Information .................................       36        41       52        58       6,155      5,721     5,289     18,813
    Finance and insurance .......................       24        18       43        26       1,945      1,158     2,769      1,647
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        7         7       10         4         514        779       856        235
    Professional and technical services .........       43        32       51        24       4,657      3,378     4,372      1,737
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        6         5        5         4         490        351       654        269
    Administrative and waste services ...........      158       170      320       162      14,605     16,582    31,193     13,158
    Educational services ........................        6        26       29        11         902      1,604     1,993      1,329
    Health care and social assistance ...........       36       177      104        30       2,532     14,975     7,079      2,279
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       17        30       30        17       1,286      1,664     2,867      1,438
    Accommodation and food services .............       50       120       74        65       3,424     14,179     6,445      4,533
    Other services, except public administration       (2)        53       17         8         (2)      4,129     1,336        654
    Unclassified ................................        -         -      (2)       (2)           -          -       (2)        (2)

Government ......................................       53       379      309        57       7,825     33,986    33,814      4,502
    Federal .....................................       18        18       10        10       1,933      1,942       784        833
    State .......................................       12        29       78        15         894      2,086    12,220      1,267
    Local .......................................       23       332      221        32       4,998     29,958    20,810      2,402
                                                                                                                                   
 
    1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.   
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
 
 
 

Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, July 2009 to August 2011, not seasonally adjusted


                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                
                                                                                   
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                                
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days        Realization rates (1)
             
                                          Initial                Initial                     Initial                        Initial 
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants      Events       claimants           Events     claimants
             2009                                                                                                                 

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                          
August .....................    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193                                                          
September ..................    1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    5,853      584,855     5,251     528,923         2,034         406,823             38.7       76.9

October ....................    1,934      193,904     1,678     172,883                                                          
November ...................    1,870      164,496     1,679     150,751                                                          
December ...................    2,310      214,648     2,166     203,655                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    6,114      573,048     5,523     527,289         2,416         468,577             43.7       88.9

             2010                                                                                                                 

January ....................    2,860      278,679     2,682     265,074                                                          
February ...................    1,183      102,818     1,091      96,022                                                          
March ......................    1,197      111,727     1,111     105,514                                                          

First Quarter ..............    5,240      493,224     4,884     466,610         1,870         368,664             38.3       79.0

April ......................    1,840      199,690     1,697     184,654                                                          
May ........................    1,354      123,333     1,170     109,203                                                          
June .......................    1,861      171,190     1,355     125,872                                                          

Second Quarter .............    5,055      494,213     4,222     419,729         2,008         396,441             47.6       94.5

July .......................    2,124      206,254     1,732     172,248                                                          
August .....................      976       92,435       897      83,021                                                          
September ..................      920       77,654       806      67,987                                                          

Third Quarter ..............    4,020      376,343     3,435     323,256         1,370         260,030             39.9       80.4

October ....................    1,642      148,638     1,373     127,865                                                          
November ...................    1,676      158,048     1,477     142,591                                                          
December ...................    1,931      184,130     1,763     172,881                                                          

Fourth Quarter .............    5,249      490,816     4,613     443,337         1,999         390,445             43.3       88.1

             2011                                                                                                                 

January ....................    2,558      246,463     2,372     229,765                                                          
February ...................    1,024       85,585       919      78,718                                                          
March ......................      908       85,095       844      80,014                                                          

First Quarter ..............    4,490      417,143     4,135     388,497         1,490         257,031             36.0       66.2

April ......................    1,750      189,919     1,625     176,478                                                          
May ........................    1,367      119,911     1,221     108,531                                                          
June .......................    1,661      159,930     1,238     122,821                                                          

Second Quarter .............    4,778      469,760     4,084     407,830   (2)(p)1,624   (2)(p)231,643          (p)39.8    (p)56.8

July .......................    2,176      216,774     1,759     174,078                                                          
August .....................      961       99,213       875      93,159                                                          
 
 
    1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The 
initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with
layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
    2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available.
Experience suggests that the  number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and
the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
    p = preliminary.




Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted


                                                                                   Initial claimants for             
                                           Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance            
                                           
  Census region and division                                                                                         
  
                                   August     June      July    August     August      June        July      August  
                                    2010      2011      2011     2011       2010       2011        2011       2011   
                                                                                                                   
        United States (1) ...        976     1,661     2,176      961      92,435    159,930     216,774     99,213
        
Northeast ...................        183       276       363      187      16,706     30,513      34,691     29,937
    New England .............         34        53        44       23       3,743      5,004       3,808      7,784
    Middle Atlantic .........        149       223       319      164      12,963     25,509      30,883     22,153

South .......................        274       482       624      277      21,631     45,180      62,261     25,771
    South Atlantic ..........        160       273       358      174      12,404     24,626      33,888     15,565
    East South Central ......         55        60       164       47       4,584      5,603      17,365      4,879
    West South Central ......         59       149       102       56       4,643     14,951      11,008      5,327

Midwest .....................        157       326       505      181      17,140     33,813      62,114     20,541
    East North Central ......        124       236       359      132      13,603     26,402      41,262     14,839
    West North Central ......         33        90       146       49       3,537      7,411      20,852      5,702

West ........................        362       577       684      316      36,958     50,424      57,708     22,964
    Mountain ................         31        64        67       36       2,197      6,011       6,339      3,048
    Pacific .................        331       513       617      280      34,761     44,413      51,369     19,916
                                                                                                                   
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 3.
    NOTE:  The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York,
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and 
Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,  
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted


                                                                                      Initial claimants for             
                                         Mass layoff events                           unemployment insurance            
           State                                                                                                      
                             August        June       July      August      August        June        July      August  
                              2010         2011       2011       2011        2010         2011        2011       2011   
                            
   Total (1) ............      976        1,661      2,176        961       92,435      159,930     216,774     99,213
                                                                                                                      
Alabama .................       14           20         60         14        1,407        1,922       6,904      1,310
Alaska ..................       10          (2)        (2)          4          884          (2)         (2)        307
Arizona .................        5           18         23          5          268        1,561       2,137        341
Arkansas ................        3           29         17         10          275        3,185       1,607        909
California ..............      287          462        571        251       31,007       39,788      46,009     17,552
Colorado ................        5            9          8          6          355          708         704        547
Connecticut .............        8           10          8          3          880          807         713        280
Delaware ................      (2)            6          3        (2)          (2)          415         233        (2)
District of Columbia ....      (2)          (2)        (2)        (2)          (2)          (2)         (2)        (2)
Florida .................       93          114        147         78        6,506        9,161      12,098      5,176
Georgia .................       30           43         45         30        2,996        4,789       5,152      2,447
Hawaii ..................        5            4        (2)        (2)          381          275         (2)        (2)
Idaho ...................        7            8          9          4          504          832       1,220        255

Illinois ................       32           61         48         35        3,707        6,436       5,599      5,514
Indiana .................       14           28         31         13        1,554        2,722       5,700      1,215
Iowa ....................        9           14         19          9        1,743        1,359       2,397      1,796
Kansas ..................        4            8         12          9          366          682       1,372      1,497
Kentucky ................       18           22         54         13        1,422        2,003       6,294      1,935
Louisiana ...............       16           28         21          7        1,010        2,056       1,936        378
Maine ...................      (2)            7          9        (2)          (2)          458         667        (2)
Maryland ................        6           12         13          4          363        1,102       1,486        812
Massachusetts ...........       16           16         16         12        1,464        1,133       1,632      6,030
Michigan ................       14           55        130         21        2,385        5,413      14,164      1,986
Minnesota ...............        4           17         68          7          307        1,249      11,406        607
Mississippi .............       14            5         25         10        1,057          240       1,853        613
Missouri ................       12           42         36         17          864        3,176       4,068      1,145

Montana .................      (2)            6          4        (2)          (2)          531         306        (2)
Nebraska ................        4            5          8          4          257          441       1,026        247
Nevada ..................        7           12         10         11          484        1,292         875      1,158
New Hampshire ...........        6            3          5        (2)          657          614         363        (2)
New Jersey ..............       31           44         81         23        2,449        6,432       7,381      6,817
New Mexico ..............      (2)            8          9          5          (2)          663         568        338
New York ................       59           55        142         71        5,547        5,185      14,892      7,506
North Carolina (3) ......        9           45         80         21          698        4,871       8,083      1,624
North Dakota ............        -          (2)          3          3            -          (2)         583        410
Ohio ....................       27           42         67         25        2,569        6,150       7,739      2,420
Oklahoma ................      (2)            6          6        (2)          (2)          481       1,206        (2)
Oregon ..................       18           28         27         10        1,671        2,967       3,435        836
Pennsylvania ............       59          124         96         70        4,967       13,892       8,610      7,830

Rhode Island ............      (2)           10          4          4          (2)        1,276         323        882
South Carolina ..........       11           23         28         20          792        1,878       2,724      2,871
South Dakota ............        -          (2)          -          -            -          (2)           -          -
Tennessee ...............        9           13         25         10          698        1,438       2,314      1,021
Texas ...................       38           86         58         37        3,058        9,229       6,259      3,836
Utah ....................      (2)            3          4          3          (2)          424         529        218
Vermont .................      (2)            7        (2)        (2)          (2)          716         (2)        (2)
Virginia ................        8           25         41         17          747        2,071       4,028      1,988
Washington ..............       11           17         15         14          818        1,231       1,537      1,170
West Virginia ...........        -            3          -        (2)            -          189           -        (2)
Wisconsin ...............       37           50         83         38        3,388        5,681       8,060      3,704
Wyoming .................      (2)            -          -          -          (2)            -           -          -

Puerto Rico .............       12           10         19         12          987          941       2,333      1,282

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in November 2010 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance
     input procedures.   
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.  




Last Modified Date: September 22, 2011