Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 23, 2010              USDL-10-0362

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         Mass Layoffs--February 2010


Employers took 1,570 mass layoff actions in February that resulted in the sep-
aration of 155,718 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings
for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Each action involved at least 50 persons from a sin-
gle employer. The number of mass layoff events in February fell by 191 from the
prior month, and the number of associated initial claims decreased by 26,543.
Both events and initial claims have decreased in 5 out of the last 6 months. In
February, 376 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector,
seasonally adjusted, resulting in 43,100 initial claims. Both figures declined
over the month to their lowest levels since August 2007. (See table 1.)

During the 27 months from December 2007 through February 2010, the total number
of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 55,309, and the associated num-
ber of initial claims was 5,580,819. (December 2007 was the start of a reces-
sion as designated by the National Bureau of Economic Research.)

The national unemployment rate was 9.7 percent in February 2010, seasonally ad-
justed, unchanged from the prior month but up from 8.2 percent a year earlier.
In February, nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 36,000 over the month and
by 3,297,000 from a year earlier.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in February was 1,183 on a not seasonally ad-
justed basis; the number of associated initial claims was 102,818. Over the
year, the number of mass layoff events decreased by 1,079, and associated ini-
tial claims decreased by 115,620. (See table 2.) Fifteen of the 19 major indus-
try sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in initial
claimants, led by manufacturing (-72,860). (See table 3.)

The manufacturing sector accounted for 24 percent of all mass layoff events and
30 percent of initial claims filed in February 2010. A year earlier, manufac-
turing made up 42 percent of events and 47 percent of initial claims. Within
manufacturing, the number of claimants in February was greatest in transporta-
tion equipment, followed by food, machinery, and wood products. All 21 manufac-
turing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by
machinery (-12,455) and transportation equipment (-12,336). (See table 3.)

The six-digit industry with the largest number of initial claims in February
2010 was temporary help services. (See table A.) Of the 10 detailed industries
with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims, light truck and utility
vehicle manufacturing; supermarkets and other grocery stores; and managing of-
fices reached program highs for the month of February. (Data begin in April
1995.)


Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims in
February 2010, not seasonally adjusted 
                                                                              
                                                                 February peak
                                                                              
                  Industry                           Initial           Initial
                                                      claims    Year    claims
                                                                              
Temporary help services (1) ...................        6,152    2001    18,893
Light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing .         (2)     2010      (2) 
Professional employer organizations (1) .......        3,081    2009     6,452
School and employee bus transportation ........        2,629    2008     4,254
Supermarkets and other grocery stores .........        2,470    2010     2,470
Managing offices ..............................        1,990    2010     1,990
Food service contractors ......................        1,873    2009     2,580
Motion picture and video production ...........        1,864    2002     5,844
Automobile manufacturing ......................        1,857    2001    13,977
Highway, street, and bridge construction ......        1,699    2003     3,316
                                                                              
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
   2  Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

All regions and all divisions experienced over-the-year decreases in initial
claims due to mass layoffs in February. Among the 4 census regions, the Midwest
(-43,845) and West (-35,488) registered the largest over-the-year reductions in
initial claims. Of the 9 geographic divisions, the East North Central (-5,914)
and the Pacific (-28,383) had the largest over-the-year declines in initial
claims. (See table 5.)

California recorded the highest number of initial claims in February, followed
by Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and New York. Forty-five states and the District of
Columbia experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by Califor-
nia (-22,366), Illinois (-15,158), and Wisconsin (-6,914). (See table 6.) In
2010, five states reached or matched February program lows for average weekly
initial claims: Kansas, Maine, New Jersey, North Carolina, and South Dakota.
(Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months.
See the Technical Note.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers
beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For pri-
vate nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is obtained
later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more
than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release pro-
vides more information on the industry classification and location of the esta-
blishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers. Because monthly figures
include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less, the sum of the figures for the 3
months in a quarter will be higher than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of
more than 30 days. (See table 4.) See the Technical Note for more detailed defini-
tions.

____________
The Mass Layoffs in March 2010 news release is scheduled to be released on Friday,
April 23, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database.  Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period.  These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given 
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a
year may vary.  Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year
change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect
into consideration.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding.  Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Employer.  Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws.  Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is adminis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry.  Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries.  An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event.  Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insur-
ance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless 
of duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publish-
ing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series.  The six series are the
numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total,
private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expan-
sions and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjust-
ment method on a concurrent basis.  Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all
available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in devel-
oping seasonal adjustment factors.  Revisions to the most recent 5 years
of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of
December data.  Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments
are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number
of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.  Because weekly unemployment
insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's
value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and 4 weeks in 
another.  The effects of these differences could seriously distort the sea-
sonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process.  These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, March 2006 to
February 2010, seasonally adjusted 

                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2006                                                                             

March ......................     1,069     117,725       965     109,241       312      45,687
April ......................     1,189     123,056     1,055     112,922       352      48,731
May ........................     1,121     117,834     1,003     107,929       302      40,703
June .......................     1,150     125,318     1,039     115,883       349      43,476
July .......................     1,182     121,056     1,056     111,432       373      51,691
August .....................     1,238     135,707     1,104     125,704       372      58,962
September ..................     1,154     124,200     1,043     115,261       393      45,972
October ....................     1,208     123,691     1,094     115,102       409      53,957
November ...................     1,244     135,465     1,128     125,976       413      58,509
December ...................     1,227     134,176     1,123     124,570       376      51,403

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,264     130,834     1,113     119,874       404      55,217
February ...................     1,191     121,289     1,075     112,607       374      54,581
March ......................     1,225     126,391     1,113     117,760       386      48,298
April ......................     1,268     129,098     1,135     118,175       362      43,205
May ........................     1,172     118,648     1,070     111,103       345      44,391
June .......................     1,241     131,394     1,125     122,123       338      37,931
July .......................     1,274     130,331     1,169     122,381       403      55,973
August .....................     1,247     126,108     1,158     118,575       323      34,902
September ..................     1,255     123,632     1,160     116,744       436      51,814
October ....................     1,370     137,108     1,248     128,387       449      58,360
November ...................     1,415     148,952     1,289     139,665       424      58,543
December ...................     1,569     155,095     1,448     145,666       483      60,368

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,481     151,269     1,348     140,570       436      57,147
February ...................     1,578     162,152     1,432     150,712       470      60,276
March ......................     1,487     151,539     1,372     141,574       436      56,919
April ......................     1,327     133,318     1,201     122,651       460      59,377
May ........................     1,604     170,619     1,465     160,529       468      62,345
June .......................     1,674     170,329     1,523     158,084       501      68,403
July .......................     1,531     152,447     1,389     141,707       461      61,417
August .....................     1,845     189,798     1,711     179,737       607      78,172
September ..................     2,222     235,755     2,049     220,832       634      81,989
October ....................     2,287     239,768     2,125     226,098       721      95,301
November ...................     2,489     240,181     2,334     227,368       929     107,072
December ...................     2,461     243,505     2,277     229,171       962     115,961

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,279     251,807     2,115     238,990       764     109,124
February ...................     2,737     289,162     2,592     274,040     1,186     141,264
March ......................     2,913     295,970     2,715     279,671     1,202     146,381
April ......................     2,663     263,162     2,461     247,329     1,033     125,093
May ........................     2,794     306,788     2,589     289,012     1,183     145,166
June .......................     2,598     260,596     2,371     241,864     1,072     135,844
July .......................     2,039     196,578     1,818     176,542       565      66,918
August .....................     2,480     238,911     2,244     218,425       798      87,201
September ..................     2,326     221,639     2,109     204,462       783      90,440
October ....................     2,055     205,502     1,856     187,880       594      65,801
November ...................     1,813     163,823     1,650     151,810       485      54,858
December ...................     1,726     153,127     1,542     138,747       433      44,072

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,761     182,261     1,585     168,466       486      62,556
February ...................     1,570     155,718     1,406     142,240       376      43,100




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, March 2006 to
February 2010, not seasonally adjusted 

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2006                                                                             

March ......................       921     111,838       856     106,177       285      44,688
April ......................     1,140     121,589     1,038     112,964       296      39,538
May ........................       872      84,809       794      78,663       192      23,570
June .......................     1,489     164,761     1,224     140,687       319      41,095
July .......................     1,511     166,857     1,335     154,342       648      96,152
August .....................       708      72,844       656      69,054       203      28,494
September ..................       865      87,699       785      81,274       296      39,076
October ....................       964      98,804       820      88,133       311      46,737
November ...................     1,315     136,186     1,172     125,009       455      58,473
December ...................     2,249     254,503     2,126     244,783       735     105,462

             2007                                                                             

January ....................     1,407     134,984     1,263     124,475       456      53,615
February ...................       935      86,696       861      82,097       273      36,170
March ......................     1,082     123,974     1,015     118,431       367      49,886
April ......................     1,219     127,444     1,115     118,040       309      35,229
May ........................       923      85,816       856      81,153       224      26,527
June .......................     1,599     172,810     1,318     148,669       313      36,571
July .......................     1,599     175,419     1,450     164,939       684     101,390
August .....................       963      93,458       908      88,345       220      23,361
September ..................       717      67,385       667      64,026       246      29,381
October ....................     1,083     108,455       929      97,716       338      50,918
November ...................     1,799     198,220     1,593     181,184       514      75,413
December ...................     2,167     224,214     2,071     216,898       699      91,754

             2008                                                                             

January ....................     1,647     154,503     1,520     144,191       488      54,418
February ...................     1,269     119,508     1,178     113,587       361      42,527
March ......................     1,089     114,541     1,039     110,147       333      43,740
April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance

                                                                                                     Initial claimants for         
                                                              Mass layoff events                    unemployment insurance         
                     Industry                                                                                                      
                                                    February  December January   February  February   December  January    February
                                                      2009      2009     2010      2010      2009       2009      2010       2010  
                                                                                                                                   
                Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                

      Total .....................................    2,737     1,726    1,761     1,570     289,162    153,127   182,261    155,718

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    2,592     1,542    1,585     1,406     274,040    138,747   168,466    142,240
    Manufacturing ...............................    1,186       433      486       376     141,264     44,072    62,556     43,100

              Not seasonally adjusted                                                                                              

      Total (1) .................................    2,262     2,310    2,860     1,183     218,438    214,648   278,679    102,818

Total, private ..................................    2,215     2,219    2,739     1,128     213,548    206,930   268,595     98,241
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ..       42        53       57        37       2,793      3,275     3,521      2,219

  Total, private nonfarm ........................    2,173     2,166    2,682     1,091     210,755    203,655   265,074     96,022
    Mining ......................................       35        34       20         5       3,379      2,807     1,561        761
    Utilities ...................................      (2)         6      (2)         -         (2)        444       (2)          -
    Construction ................................      199       485      328       166      14,040     35,718    24,148     12,200
    Manufacturing ...............................      945       615      962       282     103,588     64,540   104,846     30,728
        Food ....................................       57        63       93        45       5,379      6,447     9,134      4,031
        Beverage and tobacco products ...........        8         5       13         6         606        396       839        407
        Textile mills ...........................       19        14       28         5       1,833      2,242     3,807        431
        Textile product mills ...................        8         3       18         5         769        300     2,503        557
        Apparel .................................       16        19       23         4       1,545      1,661     2,128        265
        Leather and allied products .............      (2)         5        3       (2)         (2)        324       499        (2)
        Wood products ...........................       57        40       62        27       5,348      3,218     6,657      1,850
        Paper ...................................       34        12       16        10       3,129        850     1,421        721
        Printing and related support activities .       21        14       23        12       1,758      1,659     2,415        960
        Petroleum and coal products .............      (2)        10        7       (2)         (2)        866       469        (2)

        Chemicals ...............................       20        10       23         9       1,806        768     2,058        872
        Plastics and rubber products ............       48        35       62        10       4,878      3,487     5,466      1,014
        Nonmetallic mineral products ............       40        59       44        12       2,788      4,990     3,131        794
        Primary metals ..........................       59        34       56         9       6,523      3,456     5,734        981
        Fabricated metal products ...............       99        54       99        12       8,735      4,387     9,256        681
        Machinery ...............................      106        53       89        20      14,921      6,827    12,322      2,466
        Computer and electronic products ........       78        23       37        18       7,439      1,429     4,239      1,538
        Electrical equipment and appliances .....       35        19       33        12       5,399      2,191     3,360      1,386
        Transportation equipment ................      171       106      175        45      22,440     13,537    23,150     10,104
        Furniture and related products ..........       44        28       48        16       6,333      4,617     5,088      1,346
        Miscellaneous manufacturing .............       20         9       10       (2)       1,607        888     1,170        (2)

    Wholesale trade .............................       62        50       67        27       4,243      3,858     5,310      1,754
    Retail trade ................................      193       121      259       128      17,538     12,300    28,109     10,802
    Transportation and warehousing ..............       80       157      212        51       7,864     17,909    23,788      5,372
    Information .................................       72        51       84        40       8,476      7,042    12,581      3,753
    Finance and insurance .......................       74        30       47        32       5,685      2,357     3,681      2,671
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........       17        12      (2)         9       1,083        763       (2)        622
    Professional and technical services .........       82        47       71        33       7,895      3,746     6,390      2,292
    Management of companies and enterprises .....       14         5       15         6         990        545     1,462      1,990
    Administrative and waste services ...........      235       253      326       191      23,566     21,653    30,020     13,594
    Educational services ........................      (2)        12       18         4         (2)        755     2,460        242
    Health care and social assistance ...........       33        38       46        31       2,032      2,653     3,019      2,118
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........       10        19       35        16         655      1,734     2,860      1,419
    Accommodation and food services .............       95       214      163        61       8,080     23,507    12,838      5,044
    Other services, except public administration        18        16       20         8       1,083      1,171     1,458        552
    Unclassified ................................        -         1        -         1           -        153         -        108

Government ......................................       47        91      121        55       4,890      7,718    10,084      4,577
    Federal .....................................        7        11        8         8         533        921       698        631
    State .......................................       17        26       37        12       1,804      2,560     3,278        947
    Local .......................................       23        54       76        35       2,553      4,237     6,108      2,999
                                                                                                                                   
 
   1 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, January 2008 to February 2010, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                                   Private nonfarm                                  
                                                                                                                                    
                                Total mass layoffs                              Extended mass layoffs                               
             Date                                        Mass layoffs          lasting more than 30 days       Realization rates (1)

                                           Initial               Initial                       Initial                     Initial  
                               Events     claimants   Events    claimants       Events        claimants          Events   claimants 
             2008                                                                                                                   

January ....................    1,647      154,503     1,520     144,191                                                            
February ...................    1,269      119,508     1,178     113,587                                                            
March ......................    1,089      114,541     1,039     110,147                                                            

First Quarter ..............    4,005      388,552     3,737     367,925         1,340         259,292            35.9       70.5   

April ......................    1,272      130,810     1,172     121,625                                                            
May ........................    1,552      159,471     1,438     150,462                                                            
June .......................    1,622      166,742     1,315     140,916                                                            

Second Quarter .............    4,446      457,023     3,925     413,003         1,756         339,630            44.7       82.2   

July .......................    1,891      200,382     1,687     186,018                                                            
August .....................    1,427      139,999     1,343     133,146                                                            
September ..................    1,292      129,586     1,202     122,505                                                            

Third Quarter ..............    4,610      469,967     4,232     441,669         1,581         304,340            37.4       68.9   

October ....................    2,125      221,784     1,917     205,553                                                            
November ...................    2,574      241,589     2,389     226,657                                                            
December ...................    3,377      351,305     3,232     340,220                                                            

Fourth Quarter .............    8,076      814,678     7,538     772,430         3,582         766,780            47.5       99.3   

             2009                                                                                                                   

January ....................    3,806      388,813     3,633     375,293                                                            
February ...................    2,262      218,438     2,173     210,755                                                            
March ......................    2,191      228,387     2,107     221,397                                                            

First Quarter ..............    8,259      835,638     7,913     807,445         3,979         835,420            50.3      103.5   

April ......................    2,547      256,930     2,385     243,321                                                            
May ........................    2,738      289,628     2,572     274,047                                                            
June .......................    2,519      256,357     2,051     216,063                                                            

Second Quarter .............    7,804      802,915     7,008     733,431         3,395         730,946            48.4       99.7   

July .......................    3,054      336,654     2,659     296,589                                                            
August .....................    1,428      125,024     1,334     117,193                                                            
September ..................    1,371      123,177     1,258     115,141                                                            

Third Quarter ..............    5,853      584,855     5,251     528,923         2,035         402,927            38.8       76.2   

October ....................    1,934      193,904     1,678     172,883                                                            
November ...................    1,870      164,496     1,679     150,751                                                            
December ...................    2,310      214,648     2,166     203,655                                                            

Fourth Quarter .............    6,114      573,048     5,523     527,289   (2)(p)2,043   (2)(p)292,696         (p)37.0    (p)55.5   

             2010                                                                                                                   

January ....................    2,860      278,679     2,682     265,074                                                            
February ...................    1,183      102,818     1,091      96,022                                                            
                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                    
   1 The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The initial
claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with layoffs lasting
more than 30 days.
   2 These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more data on these layoffs become available. Experience suggests
that the number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number of initial claim-
ants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent.
   p = preliminary.




Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not
seasonally adjusted 

                                                                                     Initial claimants for           
                                            Mass layoff events                      unemployment insurance           
                                           
  Census region and division                                                                                         
  
                                  February  December  January   February   February   December    January    February
                                    2009      2009      2010      2010       2009       2009        2010       2010  
                                                                                                                     
        United States (1) ...      2,262     2,310     2,860     1,183     218,438    214,648     278,679    102,818

Northeast ...................        348       461       593       215      32,131     41,913      58,748     21,705
    New England .............         78        71        70        39       7,744      6,743       6,503      4,682
    Middle Atlantic .........        270       390       523       176      24,387     35,170      52,245     17,023

South .......................        624       494       753       319      55,542     48,248      74,105     29,681
    South Atlantic ..........        295       284       404       178      23,842     25,236      37,846     13,052
    East South Central ......        172       115       220        69      17,840     13,749      23,085      9,917
    West South Central ......        157        95       129        72      13,860      9,263      13,174      6,712

Midwest .....................        561       739       807       221      64,973     76,826      83,185     21,128
    East North Central ......        434       508       604       169      52,690     51,903      63,706     16,776
    West North Central ......        127       231       203        52      12,283     24,923      19,479      4,352

West ........................        729       616       707       428      65,792     47,661      62,641     30,304
    Mountain ................        128       126        94        58      11,381     10,700       8,992      4,276
    Pacific .................        601       490       613       370      54,411     36,961      53,649     26,028
                                                                                                                    

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York,
and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South 
Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and
Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain:
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally
adjusted

                                                                                      Initial claimants for           
                                       Mass layoff events                            unemployment insurance           
           State                                                                                                      
                            February     December   January    February    February    December    January    February
                              2009         2009       2010       2010        2009        2009        2010       2010  

   Total (1) ............    2,262        2,310      2,860      1,183      218,438      214,648     278,679    102,818
                                                                                                                      
Alabama .................       33           36         93         17        4,690        4,592      11,204      1,758
Alaska ..................        7            7          9          3          557          650         713        267
Arizona .................       23            9         17          8        2,185          817       1,502        700
Arkansas ................        6            7          9        (2)        1,156          581       1,433        (2)
California ..............      515          412        533        335       45,557       30,229      46,474     23,191
Colorado ................       15           24         13         10        1,237        1,941       1,301        706
Connecticut .............       12            8          6         10          824          890         406        847
Delaware ................        4            5          4          5          484          266         287        378
District of Columbia ....      (2)            4        (2)        (2)          (2)          301         (2)        (2)
Florida .................      155           96        141         87        9,779        7,715       9,909      5,523
Georgia .................       45           56         83         34        3,830        5,244       8,861      2,708
Hawaii ..................       15            7          9        (2)        1,211          637         735        (2)
Idaho ...................       10           16         11         11          591        1,099       1,068        709

Illinois ................      115          142        112         40       19,469       17,639      11,615      4,311
Indiana .................       59           57         59         22        6,776        6,256       6,470      1,907
Iowa ....................       33           51         54         13        4,374        6,087       6,647      1,122
Kansas ..................       18           28         27          -        1,582        4,878       2,432          -
Kentucky ................       78           44         76         32        8,794        5,013       8,044      6,844
Louisiana ...............       19           22         18         12        1,498        1,641       1,566      1,442
Maine ...................        4            3          8        (2)          348          204         789        (2)
Maryland ................       11           16         29          7          800        1,251       2,586        724
Massachusetts ...........       32           28         27          8        2,873        2,990       2,341        646
Michigan ................       79          119        144         32        7,392       10,913      16,035      3,694
Minnesota ...............       24           45         36         13        1,777        3,690       3,614      1,456
Mississippi .............        8           12         11          5          458        1,000         735        282
Missouri ................       38           86         74         24        3,538        8,373       5,567      1,667

Montana .................       11           12          9          4          753          896       1,012        258
Nebraska ................        7           12          7        (2)          500        1,166         548        (2)
Nevada ..................       43           36         26         16        3,881        3,677       2,463      1,331
New Hampshire ...........        9           11         12          7        1,020          867         962      1,095
New Jersey ..............       47           67         87         16        3,777        6,716       7,506      1,408
New Mexico ..............       13           12          8          6        1,868          954         560        391
New York ................       82          126        236         52        8,927       12,704      28,309      6,833
North Carolina ..........       34           18         27          5        3,833        1,455       2,072        451
North Dakota ............        3            7          4        (2)          207          595         595        (2)
Ohio ....................       91           91        145         35        9,065        8,888      14,121      3,790
Oklahoma ................       19           10         17          3        1,437          893       1,666        306
Oregon ..................       43           29         35         19        5,321        2,617       3,730      1,571
Pennsylvania ............      141          197        200        108       11,683       15,750      16,430      8,782

Rhode Island ............        9            6         13          7        1,291          713       1,696      1,545
South Carolina ..........       33           45         67         11        3,471        4,780       7,274        886
South Dakota ............        4          (2)        (2)          -          305          (2)         (2)          -
Tennessee ...............       53           23         40         15        3,898        3,144       3,102      1,033
Texas ...................      113           56         85         56        9,769        6,148       8,509      4,894
Utah ....................       11           16         10        (2)          753        1,256       1,086        (2)
Vermont .................       12           15          4          6        1,388        1,079         309        483
Virginia ................        8           40         49         22          786        3,903       6,570      1,704
Washington ..............       21           35         27         11        1,765        2,828       1,997        769
West Virginia ...........        3            4        (2)          5          681          321         (2)        509
Wisconsin ...............       90           99        144         40        9,988        8,207      15,465      3,074
Wyoming .................      (2)          (2)          -        (2)          (2)          (2)           -        (2)

Puerto Rico .............       28           11         19         21        2,282        1,093       1,892      2,459

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: March 23, 2010