Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, February 26, 2013          USDL-13-0286

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          MASS LAYOFFS -- JANUARY 2013


Employers took 1,328 mass layoff actions in January involving 134,026 
workers as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits 
during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
(Data are seasonally adjusted.) Each mass layoff involved at least 50 
workers from a single employer. Mass layoff events decreased by 181 from 
December, and the number of associated initial claims decreased by 3,813. 
In January, 357 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing 
sector resulting in 43,068 initial claims. Monthly mass layoff data are 
identified using administrative data sources without regard to layoff 
duration. (See table 1 and the note at the end of this release.)

The national unemployment rate was 7.9 percent in January, essentially
unchanged from the prior month and down from 8.3 percent a year earlier. 
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 157,000 over the month and 
by 2,016,000 over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in January was 1,528, not seasonally
adjusted, resulting in 144,517 initial claims for unemployment insurance. 
(See table 2.) Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff 
events for January decreased by 44 to 382, while associated average 
weekly initial claims increased by 703 to 36,129. Eight of the 19 major 
industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year increases 
in average weekly initial claims, with the largest increase occurring in 
manufacturing. (See table 3.) The six-digit industry with the largest 
number of private nonfarm initial claims due to mass layoffs in January 
was temporary help services. (See table A.)

In January, the manufacturing sector accounted for 31 percent of mass
layoff events and 37 percent of associated initial claims in the private 
economy. Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass layoff claimants were 
highest in transportation equipment and in food. Eleven of the 21 
manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year increases in average 
weekly initial claims. (See table 3.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in January 2013, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                                  January peak
                                                     Initial claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                            
Temporary help services (1) ...............              14,937         1998      26,224
Highway, street, and bridge construction ..               3,772         2000       9,680
Discount department stores ................               3,440         2010       8,065
Professional employer organizations (1) ...               3,274         2009      11,345
Motion picture and video production .......               3,242         1998      12,038
School and employee bus transportation ....               2,520         2010      15,131
Food service contractors ..................               2,316         2011       3,439
Payroll services ..........................               2,266         2002       8,686
Poultry processing ........................               2,046         2013       2,046
Warehouse clubs and supercenters ..........               2,009         2011       3,508
                                                                                        
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the South had the largest number of initial 
claims due to mass layoffs in January. Three of the 4 regions experienced 
over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest 
increase occurring in the South. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California had the highest number of mass layoff initial 
claims in January, followed by North Carolina, Alabama, and New York. 
Twenty-five states experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly 
initial claims, led by California and North Carolina. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more 
workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the 
layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length 
of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that 
reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as 
"extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more information 
on the industry classification and location of the establishment and on 
the demographics of the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this 
release are subjected to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the 
effect of differing lengths of months. See the Technical Note for more 
detailed definitions and for a description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs new release for February 2013 is scheduled to be
released on Friday, March 22, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   The monthly data present preliminary mass layoff activity in the 
reference month and are not revised in subsequent months except in special 
circumstances (e.g., layoffs in states affected by Hurricane Katrina).  
Counts of initial claims associated with mass layoff events reflect 
activity through the end of the reference month. Additional mass layoff 
event and initial claims activity received after data for the reference 
month have been published by BLS are not updated in the monthly mass layoff 
series and, therefore, may not match revised mass layoff data issued in 
state publications. However, any additional mass layoff information 
meeting the extended mass layoff criteria will be reflected in BLSí 
quarterly publication of extended mass layoff data.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2009 to 
January 2013, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                               
                                      Total            Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
February ...................     3,079     334,171     2,921     318,194     1,274     152,592 
March ......................     3,022     304,175     2,827     287,023     1,261     158,119 
April ......................     2,537     246,938     2,332     231,211     1,022     114,682 
May ........................     2,712     286,089     2,522     270,051     1,206     151,114 
June .......................     2,470     248,680     2,261     231,529     1,063     140,105 
July .......................     2,184     222,776     1,976     203,347       639      76,345 
August .....................     2,358     218,380     2,119     198,877       743      75,387 
September ..................     2,274     216,959     2,054     200,863       754      90,250 
October ....................     1,970     196,370     1,775     178,648       567      64,681 
November ...................     1,764     159,283     1,598     146,802       469      51,887 
December ...................     1,720     155,738     1,549     141,699       425      44,455 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,699     169,561     1,522     155,298       461      53,303 
February ...................     1,647     161,694     1,480     147,259       387      47,272 
March ......................     1,703     153,784     1,501     138,188       373      43,022 
April ......................     1,622     154,962     1,442     138,849       378      44,860 
May ........................     1,585     150,959     1,345     131,482       317      31,677 
June .......................     1,701     152,080     1,481     133,366       335      34,653 
July .......................     1,521     137,750     1,315     121,313       303      32,064 
August .....................     1,612     162,455     1,409     138,849       384      41,123 
September ..................     1,526     137,074     1,303     117,582       310      33,906 
October ....................     1,661     149,985     1,454     132,373       349      38,157 
November ...................     1,584     153,394     1,407     138,925       353      38,097 
December ...................     1,476     136,252     1,277     121,849       322      36,611 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,522     150,406     1,335     132,659       327      37,431 
February ...................     1,456     137,938     1,263     123,141       312      30,036 
March ......................     1,307     119,691     1,156     106,721       269      31,699 
April ......................     1,526     145,315     1,366     130,841       352      37,177 
May ........................     1,573     144,824     1,387     129,296       399      42,238 
June .......................     1,522     144,060     1,342     129,136       359      38,630 
July .......................     1,566     144,543     1,347     123,815       342      35,458 
August .....................     1,585     168,266     1,364     153,081       374      46,267 
September ..................     1,463     150,165     1,319     136,564       346      37,505 
October ....................     1,349     118,135     1,220     106,478       335      32,310 
November ...................     1,312     123,078     1,177     113,239       312      33,715 
December ...................     1,392     144,661     1,247     129,994       346      38,469 
                                                                                               
             2012                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,435     129,169     1,298     118,127       325      32,503 
February ...................     1,275     120,199     1,134     109,458       283      28,236 
March ......................     1,290     125,195     1,141     112,889       269      28,300 
April ......................     1,403     138,164     1,235     122,236       294      34,929 
May ........................     1,370     131,603     1,220     119,788       277      31,873 
June .......................     1,320     133,080     1,178     120,857       282      31,737 
July .......................     1,354     138,694     1,217     128,186       355      43,427 
August .....................     1,297     130,266     1,172     120,391       322      39,389 
September ..................     1,346     125,692     1,223     116,792       365      40,287 
October ....................     1,400     136,153     1,249     125,026       346      42,927 
November ...................     1,749     172,879     1,574     159,872       412      47,171 
December ...................     1,509     137,839     1,334     125,505       330      35,211 
                                                                                               
             2013                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,328     134,026     1,197     123,088       357      43,068 




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2009 to 
January 2013, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                               
                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2009                                                                              
                                                                                               
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588 
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747 
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872 
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683 
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726 
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208 
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151 
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126 
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655 
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053 
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540 
                                                                                               
             2010                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846 
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728 
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745 
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178 
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334 
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083 
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200 
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088 
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403 
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861 
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383 
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816 
                                                                                               
             2011                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006 
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471 
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869 
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104 
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199 
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986 
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814 
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916 
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058 
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447 
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799 
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033 
                                                                                               
             2012                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021 
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555 
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241 
April ......................     1,421     146,358     1,293     132,697       256      32,518 
May ........................     1,201     109,259     1,081     100,434       186      18,800 
June .......................     1,890     198,537     1,485     158,334       255      28,570 
July .......................     1,515     157,753     1,321     144,340       559      74,963 
August .....................     1,063     104,045       992      97,694       251      31,193 
September ..................       811      70,570       749      66,214       221      22,748 
October ....................     1,142     109,829       968      97,390       277      37,702 
November ...................     2,339     249,949     2,078     228,124       551      72,690 
December ...................     1,973     187,137     1,822     177,452       477      50,686 
                                                                                               
             2013                                                                              
                                                                                               
January ....................     1,528     144,517     1,424     135,970       455      50,793 




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                    Mass layoff totals                     Average weekly mass layoffs (1)   
                                                                                                                                           
                                                             Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants 
                                                       January    January    January    January    January    January    January    January
                                                         2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013 
                                                                                                                                           
      Total (2) ..................................      1,705      1,528    141,703    144,517        426        382     35,426     36,129 
                                                                                                                                           
Total, private ...................................      1,634      1,466    135,663    139,018        409        367     33,916     34,755 
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         47         42      2,909      3,048         12         11        727        762 
                                                                                                                                           
  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,587      1,424    132,754    135,970        397        356     33,189     33,993 
    Mining .......................................         16         11      1,019        811          4          3        255        203 
    Utilities ....................................          4        (3)        350        (3)          1        (3)         88        (3) 
    Construction .................................        194        188     13,743     13,212         49         47      3,436      3,303 
        Construction of buildings ................         33         21      2,429      1,513          8          5        607        378 
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         69         88      4,786      6,544         17         22      1,197      1,636 
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         92         79      6,528      5,155         23         20      1,632      1,289 
    Manufacturing ................................        415        455     38,021     50,793        104        114      9,505     12,698 
        Food .....................................         56         58      4,964      6,530         14         15      1,241      1,633 
        Beverage and tobacco products ............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
        Textile mills ............................         20         35      2,274      4,550          5          9        569      1,138 
        Textile product mills ....................          5          5        444        403          1          1        111        101 
        Apparel ..................................         17         16      1,899      2,149          4          4        475        537 
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)          4        (3)        485        (3)          1        (3)        121 
        Wood products ............................         35         26      2,704      2,517          9          7        676        629 
        Paper ....................................          8          5        833        314          2          1        208         79 
        Printing and related support activities ..         16          5      1,347        483          4          1        337        121 
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          4        (3)        273        (3)          1        (3)         68        (3) 
                                                                                                                                           
        Chemicals ................................         13         10      1,064        849          3          3        266        212 
        Plastics and rubber products .............         24         20      1,931      1,761          6          5        483        440 
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............         36         19      2,569      1,317          9          5        642        329 
        Primary metals ...........................         15         26      1,649      2,274          4          7        412        569 
        Fabricated metal products ................         23         29      1,643      2,522          6          7        411        631 
        Machinery ................................         22         34      1,938      5,404          6          9        485      1,351 
        Computer and electronic products .........         15         15        876      1,287          4          4        219        322 
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         11         18      1,797      2,099          3          5        449        525 
        Transportation equipment .................         47         86      5,969     11,930         12         22      1,492      2,983 
        Furniture and related products ...........         30         32      2,371      3,047          8          8        593        762 
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............         13          7      1,113        488          3          2        278        122 
                                                                                                                                           
    Wholesale trade ..............................         29         28      2,262      2,334          7          7        566        584 
    Retail trade (4) .............................        181        136     16,612     13,622         45         34      4,153      3,406 
        Building material and garden supply stores         16          8      1,501      1,011          4          2        375        253 
        Food and beverage stores .................         31         25      2,575      1,882          8          6        644        471 
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         16         14      1,041        945          4          4        260        236 
        General merchandise stores ...............         77         52      8,406      7,502         19         13      2,102      1,876 
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........        137         87     13,404      6,419         34         22      3,351      1,605 
        Truck transportation .....................         27         22      1,773      1,268          7          6        443        317 
        Transit and ground passenger                                                                                                       
          transportation .........................         75         35      8,592      2,667         19          9      2,148        667 
        Support activities for transportation ....          5          7        324        603          1          2         81        151 
    Information ..................................         33         36      2,925      5,477          8          9        731      1,369 
    Finance and insurance ........................         30         25      2,076      2,226          8          6        519        557 
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          4          3        207        178          1          1         52         45 
    Professional and technical services ..........         45         41      3,084      5,684         11         10        771      1,421 
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          6          7        432        976          2          2        108        244 
    Administrative and waste services ............        276        237     21,596     22,170         69         59      5,399      5,543 
    Educational services .........................         17         10      1,770        609          4          3        443        152 
    Health care and social assistance ............         36         23      2,053      1,461          9          6        513        365 
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         33         32      3,107      2,455          8          8        777        614 
    Accommodation and food services ..............        114         86      8,725      6,391         29         22      2,181      1,598 
        Accommodation ............................         42         29      3,371      2,345         11          7        843        586 
        Food services and drinking places ........         72         57      5,354      4,046         18         14      1,339      1,012 
    Other services, except public administration .         12         12      1,019        805          3          3        255        201 
    Unclassified .................................          5        (3)        349        (3)          1        (3)         87        (3) 
                                                                                                                                           
Government .......................................         71         62      6,040      5,499         18         16      1,510      1,375 
    Federal ......................................         13          9      1,196        933          3          2        299        233 
    State ........................................         25         19      2,576      1,435          6          5        644        359 
         State government education ..............          9          8        602        443          2          2        151        111 
    Local ........................................         33         34      2,268      3,131          8          9        567        783 
         Local government education ..............         12         12        788      1,350          3          3        197        338 
                                                                                                                                           
   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in January 2012 and 4 weeks in January
2013. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not
seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state                Mass layoff totals                     Average weekly mass layoffs (1)   
                                                                                                                     
                                       Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants 
                                 January    January    January    January    January    January    January    January
                                   2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013 
                                                                                                                     
   Total (2) ...............      1,705      1,528    141,703    144,517        426        382     35,426     36,129 
                                                                                                                     
Northeast ..................        386        272     34,860     21,049         97         68      8,715      5,262 
    Connecticut ............          8         11        547        771          2          3        137        193 
    Maine ..................          8         10        658        899          2          3        165        225 
    Massachusetts ..........         18          7      1,821        587          5          2        455        147 
    New Hampshire ..........          7          -        504          -          2          -        126          - 
    New Jersey .............         51         36      4,273      2,933         13          9      1,068        733 
    New York ...............        166         97     17,607      8,000         42         24      4,402      2,000 
    Pennsylvania ...........        120        105      8,912      7,265         30         26      2,228      1,816 
    Rhode Island ...........          5        (3)        318        (3)          1        (3)         80        (3) 
    Vermont ................          3        (3)        220        (3)          1        (3)         55        (3) 
                                                                                                                     
South ......................        496        515     43,925     52,634        124        129     10,981     13,159 
    Alabama ................         55         82      6,489      8,434         14         21      1,622      2,109 
    Arkansas ...............         19         15      1,389      1,963          5          4        347        491 
    Delaware ...............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
    District of Columbia ...          4          3        263        259          1          1         66         65 
    Florida ................         87         56      6,044      3,784         22         14      1,511        946 
    Georgia ................         41         63      4,097      6,616         10         16      1,024      1,654 
    Kentucky ...............         33         24      2,847      1,738          8          6        712        435 
    Louisiana ..............          8          9        518        545          2          2        130        136 
    Maryland (4) ...........         10         21        624      1,539          3          5        156        385 
    Mississippi ............         13          9        737        434          3          2        184        109 
    North Carolina .........         84        100      7,468     11,999         21         25      1,867      3,000 
    Oklahoma ...............          6          3        443        241          2          1        111         60 
    South Carolina .........         32         47      3,475      6,739          8         12        869      1,685 
    Tennessee ..............         24         14      1,820        934          6          4        455        234 
    Texas ..................         51         35      3,981      3,611         13          9        995        903 
    Virginia ...............         25         31      3,362      3,583          6          8        841        896 
    West Virginia ..........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
                                                                                                                     
Midwest ....................        386        339     31,060     31,994         97         85      7,765      7,999 
    Illinois ...............         55         53      4,823      6,251         14         13      1,206      1,563 
    Indiana ................         40         22      3,594      2,138         10          6        899        535 
    Iowa ...................         17         22      1,271      2,045          4          6        318        511 
    Kansas .................          8          7        815        622          2          2        204        156 
    Michigan ...............         53         54      3,962      3,727         13         14        991        932 
    Minnesota ..............         20         13      1,591      1,039          5          3        398        260 
    Missouri ...............         42         41      2,860      4,037         11         10        715      1,009 
    Nebraska ...............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
    North Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
    Ohio ...................         67         62      5,630      6,460         17         16      1,408      1,615 
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          - 
    Wisconsin ..............         78         57      6,014      4,994         20         14      1,504      1,249 
                                                                                                                     
West .......................        437        402     31,858     38,840        109        101      7,965      9,710 
    Alaska .................          8        (3)        731        (3)          2        (3)        183        (3) 
    Arizona ................        (3)          5        (3)        585        (3)          1        (3)        146 
    California .............        342        303     23,787     29,088         86         76      5,947      7,272 
    Colorado ...............          5         11        556      1,787          1          3        139        447 
    Hawaii .................          4          6        316        453          1          2         79        113 
    Idaho ..................          6          9        445        670          2          2        111        168 
    Montana ................          5          7        503        543          1          2        126        136 
    Nevada .................         14         11      1,323        950          4          3        331        238 
    New Mexico .............          5          -        299          -          1          -         75          - 
    Oregon .................         19         23      1,699      2,880          5          6        425        720 
    Utah ...................          7          7        514        526          2          2        129        132 
    Washington .............         18         17      1,446      1,167          5          4        362        292 
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3) 
                                                                                                                     
    Puerto Rico ............         15         15      1,205      1,383          4          4        301        346 
                                                                                                                     
   1 See footnote 1, table 3
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance 
procedures.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: February 26, 2013