Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 10, 2013	USDL-13-1834

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2013

There were 3.7 million job openings on the last business day of July, little changed from June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.2 percent) and separations rate (3.0 percent) 
also were little changed in July. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings

The number of job openings in July was 3.7 million, little changed from June. (See table 1.) The number 
of job openings was little changed in July in all industries and regions except professional and business 
services where the level dropped. 

The number of job openings in July (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the year for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Increases in job openings in several industries were offset by 
decreases in job openings in several other industries, leading to little change at the total nonfarm level.
In the Midwest region, the number of job openings rose over the year. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires in July was 4.4 million, essentially unchanged from June. The number of hires also 
was little changed for total private and government. Over the month, the hires level increased for health 
care and social assistance. The number of hires was little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for 
total nonfarm and government but rose for total private. The number of hires increased over the year in 
finance and insurance, professional and business services, and federal government. The hires level rose 
over the year in the South. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.1 million total separations in July, little changed from June. The number of total separations 
for total private also was little changed while the number fell in government, reflecting a decline in state 
and local government over the month.

In July, the quits rates were essentially unchanged at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm, 1.9 percent for total 
private, and 0.6 percent for government. The quits rate was little changed over the month for all 
industries and regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) rose over the 12 months ending in July for total nonfarm 
and total private but was little changed for government. The number of quits rose in finance and 
insurance, professional and business services, and health care and social assistance. The rise in these three 
industries was partially offset by a decline in the number of quits in mining and logging and wholesale 
trade. The Midwest had a rise in the number of quits over the year but there was little change in the other 
three regions. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was essentially unchanged in July at 1.1 percent. The rates were little 
changed over the month for total private (1.2 percent) and government (0.4 percent). The rate was little 
changed in July for all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not 
available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in July for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the number of layoffs and 
discharges decreased in construction. The level was essentially unchanged in all four regions. (See table 
11.)

In July, there were 328,000 other separations for total nonfarm, a decline from June. The number of 
other separations decreased over the month for total private and government. Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries or regions. (See table 6.) Over 
the 12 months ending in July, the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm and 
total private but decreased for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July 2013, hires totaled 52.1 million 
and separations totaled 50.2 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.9 million. These figures include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2013 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, October 8, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,499 3,869 3,689 4,171 4,318 4,419 3,978 4,228 4,109

Total private(1)

3,118 3,459 3,284 3,893 4,036 4,133 3,686 3,913 3,835

Construction

70 120 100 362 309 308 354 310 298

Manufacturing

271 210 237 237 225 234 222 224 234

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

566 712 662 843 842 893 795 789 813

Retail trade

314 473 423 561 586 622 540 549 562

Professional and business services

625 685 569 823 928 935 766 891 833

Education and health services(3)

657 665 636 486 470 519 448 480 490

Health care and social assistance

572 598 577 414 403 446 383 413 427

Leisure and hospitality

461 483 496 723 793 760 693 740 721

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 49 46 111 133 107 106 107 109

Accommodation and food services

409 434 451 612 660 652 587 633 612

Government(4)

380 411 405 278 282 286 293 315 274

State and local

331 356 351 260 253 259 262 281 242

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.5 2.8 2.6 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0

Total private(1)

2.7 2.9 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.4

Construction

1.2 2.0 1.7 6.4 5.3 5.3 6.3 5.3 5.1

Manufacturing

2.2 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.2 2.7 2.5 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.1

Retail trade

2.1 3.0 2.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.6 3.7

Professional and business services

3.4 3.6 3.0 4.6 5.0 5.0 4.3 4.8 4.5

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.1 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.3 3.3 3.2 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

3.2 3.3 3.4 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.0 5.2 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.6 2.3 2.2 5.6 6.5 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.4

Accommodation and food services

3.4 3.5 3.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.0

Government(4)

1.7 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

1.7 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

3,499 3,875 3,800 3,907 3,869 3,689 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,118 3,473 3,400 3,479 3,459 3,284 2.7 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8

Construction

70 108 99 102 120 100 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.7

Manufacturing

271 271 243 237 210 237 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

566 669 715 784 712 662 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.5

Retail trade

314 424 455 514 473 423 2.1 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.0 2.7

Professional and business services

625 692 731 632 685 569 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.0

Education and health services(6)

657 687 662 660 665 636 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0

Health care and social assistance

572 621 600 602 598 577 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

461 500 468 477 483 496 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 64 57 59 49 46 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.2

Accommodation and food services

409 436 410 419 434 451 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.6

Government(7)

380 402 401 428 411 405 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8

State and local

331 344 330 367 356 351 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

640 699 638 654 658 611 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3

South

1,312 1,501 1,525 1,555 1,504 1,400 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.8

Midwest

779 825 805 886 918 857 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7

West

767 850 831 812 789 821 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

4,171 4,227 4,395 4,490 4,318 4,419 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,893 3,931 4,100 4,206 4,036 4,133 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6

Construction

362 320 283 317 309 308 6.4 5.5 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.3

Manufacturing

237 201 222 239 225 234 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

843 821 868 889 842 893 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4

Retail trade

561 562 598 620 586 622 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.1

Professional and business services

823 831 912 890 928 935 4.6 4.5 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.0

Education and health services(6)

486 520 544 541 470 519 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance

414 443 465 468 403 446 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

723 776 809 802 793 760 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

111 123 123 124 133 107 5.6 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.3

Accommodation and food services

612 653 686 678 660 652 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4

Government(7)

278 295 295 284 282 286 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

260 264 262 258 253 259 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

669 722 742 724 671 678 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.6

South

1,635 1,640 1,720 1,760 1,714 1,782 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6

Midwest

936 907 952 1,036 945 986 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.2

West

930 959 981 971 988 973 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

3,978 4,123 4,287 4,381 4,228 4,109 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,686 3,819 3,987 4,081 3,913 3,835 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4

Construction

354 316 300 306 310 298 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1

Manufacturing

222 203 224 249 224 234 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

795 820 857 883 789 813 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.1

Retail trade

540 557 604 613 549 562 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.7

Professional and business services

766 780 858 848 891 833 4.3 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.5

Education and health services(6)

448 482 518 544 480 490 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.4

Health care and social assistance

383 416 445 477 413 427 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

693 738 779 734 740 721 5.0 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

106 108 120 108 107 109 5.4 5.4 6.0 5.3 5.2 5.4

Accommodation and food services

587 631 659 626 633 612 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.0

Government(7)

293 304 300 300 315 274 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

State and local

262 260 256 261 281 242 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

687 711 697 695 679 700 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7

South

1,519 1,599 1,645 1,726 1,739 1,655 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.3

Midwest

870 880 924 986 887 877 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.8

West

903 933 1,021 974 923 877 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

2,093 2,099 2,185 2,233 2,205 2,268 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,964 1,967 2,040 2,098 2,063 2,138 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9

Construction

82 91 98 103 106 103 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8

Manufacturing

106 94 109 112 99 111 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

468 446 470 453 461 453 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7

Retail trade

341 318 340 321 329 337 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.2

Professional and business services

369 372 410 418 455 484 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6

Education and health services(6)

270 281 283 283 286 290 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

239 255 251 246 254 265 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

430 445 454 464 436 453 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

46 47 42 42 46 47 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3

Accommodation and food services

385 397 412 422 390 407 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.3

Government(7)

129 131 146 135 142 130 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

State and local

118 120 134 124 131 119 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

295 288 308 323 298 308 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2

South

909 894 918 964 934 961 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

Midwest

432 473 516 494 525 517 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7

West

458 444 444 452 448 481 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

1,534 1,686 1,741 1,752 1,602 1,513 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,437 1,572 1,645 1,649 1,503 1,425 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

98 114 96 103 99 88 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

315 358 324 302 309 333 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3

South

499 584 601 625 647 587 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2

Midwest

364 329 325 416 277 282 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.9

West

356 415 491 410 370 312 1.2 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

351 338 360 396 420 328 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

285 280 302 333 347 272 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

66 58 58 63 73 56 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

3,793 3,892 3,950 2.8 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,387 3,452 3,519 2.9 2.9 3.0

Mining and logging

14 24 24 1.6 2.6 2.6

Construction

78 132 107 1.3 2.2 1.7

Manufacturing

304 213 264 2.5 1.7 2.1

Durable goods

203 145 163 2.6 1.9 2.1

Nondurable goods

101 68 101 2.2 1.5 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

634 694 721 2.4 2.6 2.7

Wholesale trade

158 97 134 2.7 1.7 2.3

Retail trade

357 470 460 2.3 3.0 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

119 127 127 2.3 2.5 2.5

Information

88 94 95 3.2 3.4 3.4

Financial activities

249 321 318 3.1 3.9 3.8

Finance and insurance

177 243 269 2.9 3.9 4.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

71 79 49 3.4 3.7 2.3

Professional and business services

665 676 569 3.6 3.5 3.0

Education and health services

709 645 674 3.4 3.1 3.2

Educational services

94 67 69 3.0 2.1 2.2

Health care and social assistance

615 577 605 3.5 3.2 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

508 510 558 3.4 3.3 3.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

53 47 45 2.3 2.0 1.9

Accommodation and food services

455 464 513 3.6 3.6 3.9

Other services

139 143 190 2.5 2.5 3.3

Government

406 440 431 1.9 2.0 2.1

Federal

52 49 54 1.8 1.8 1.9

State and local

354 390 377 1.9 2.0 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

685 666 645 2.6 2.5 2.4

South

1,445 1,486 1,485 2.9 2.9 2.9

Midwest

849 918 941 2.7 2.9 3.0

West

814 822 879 2.7 2.7 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

4,607 5,087 4,852 3.5 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,277 4,692 4,518 3.8 4.1 3.9

Mining and logging

31 38 32 3.6 4.4 3.6

Construction

423 386 363 7.2 6.4 6.0

Manufacturing

268 266 265 2.2 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

153 154 156 2.0 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

115 112 109 2.6 2.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

859 854 918 3.4 3.3 3.5

Wholesale trade

141 122 124 2.5 2.1 2.1

Retail trade

553 591 622 3.7 3.9 4.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

165 141 172 3.3 2.8 3.4

Information

55 97 73 2.0 3.6 2.7

Financial activities

185 227 236 2.4 2.9 3.0

Finance and insurance

119 138 158 2.0 2.3 2.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

66 89 77 3.3 4.4 3.8

Professional and business services

861 1,053 975 4.8 5.6 5.2

Education and health services

563 558 599 2.8 2.7 2.9

Educational services

96 72 97 3.2 2.3 3.1

Health care and social assistance

466 486 503 2.8 2.8 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

805 972 837 5.6 6.6 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

119 196 112 5.3 8.5 4.8

Accommodation and food services

686 776 725 5.7 6.2 5.8

Other services

227 241 220 4.1 4.3 4.0

Government

331 395 335 1.6 1.8 1.6

Federal

19 39 29 0.7 1.4 1.0

State and local

311 356 306 1.7 1.9 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

795 862 788 3.1 3.3 3.1

South

1,757 1,884 1,912 3.6 3.8 3.9

Midwest

964 1,154 1,023 3.2 3.7 3.3

West

1,091 1,187 1,129 3.7 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

4,385 4,470 4,511 3.3 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,998 3,949 4,162 3.5 3.4 3.6

Mining and logging

31 26 25 3.6 2.9 2.9

Construction

366 275 319 6.2 4.6 5.3

Manufacturing

233 229 247 1.9 1.9 2.1

Durable goods

132 129 144 1.8 1.7 1.9

Nondurable goods

100 100 103 2.2 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

834 767 837 3.3 3.0 3.2

Wholesale trade

137 102 116 2.4 1.8 2.0

Retail trade

552 531 568 3.7 3.5 3.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

145 134 154 2.9 2.7 3.1

Information

52 83 68 1.9 3.1 2.5

Financial activities

176 167 203 2.2 2.1 2.6

Finance and insurance

110 107 138 1.9 1.8 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

66 61 65 3.3 3.0 3.2

Professional and business services

826 908 906 4.6 4.9 4.8

Education and health services

544 576 590 2.7 2.8 2.9

Educational services

106 116 106 3.5 3.7 3.4

Health care and social assistance

438 460 484 2.6 2.7 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

736 738 769 5.1 5.0 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 84 94 4.0 3.7 4.0

Accommodation and food services

646 654 675 5.3 5.2 5.4

Other services

200 180 198 3.6 3.2 3.6

Government

386 521 349 1.9 2.4 1.7

Federal

29 33 27 1.0 1.2 1.0

State and local

357 488 322 2.0 2.6 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

748 725 759 3.0 2.8 3.0

South

1,699 1,837 1,831 3.5 3.7 3.7

Midwest

909 941 919 3.0 3.0 3.0

West

1,028 967 1,001 3.5 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

2,384 2,417 2,608 1.8 1.8 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,226 2,205 2,452 2.0 1.9 2.1

Mining and logging

20 16 12 2.3 1.8 1.3

Construction

103 117 130 1.7 1.9 2.2

Manufacturing

118 111 126 1.0 0.9 1.0

Durable goods

63 60 79 0.8 0.8 1.0

Nondurable goods

55 51 47 1.2 1.1 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

506 478 486 2.0 1.8 1.9

Wholesale trade

81 63 51 1.4 1.1 0.9

Retail trade

360 337 358 2.4 2.2 2.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

66 78 77 1.3 1.6 1.6

Information

31 41 41 1.1 1.5 1.5

Financial activities

94 95 117 1.2 1.2 1.5

Finance and insurance

57 67 82 1.0 1.1 1.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

37 29 35 1.9 1.4 1.7

Professional and business services

420 490 569 2.3 2.6 3.0

Education and health services

308 308 334 1.5 1.5 1.6

Educational services

42 44 33 1.4 1.4 1.1

Health care and social assistance

266 264 300 1.6 1.5 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

499 472 525 3.5 3.2 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 51 61 2.6 2.2 2.6

Accommodation and food services

440 421 465 3.6 3.4 3.7

Other services

127 78 112 2.3 1.4 2.0

Government

158 212 157 0.8 1.0 0.8

Federal

11 12 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

148 200 146 0.8 1.1 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

329 335 345 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

1,035 1,005 1,104 2.1 2.0 2.2

Midwest

491 588 590 1.6 1.9 1.9

West

528 489 570 1.8 1.6 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

1,577 1,567 1,520 1.2 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,450 1,405 1,412 1.3 1.2 1.2

Mining and logging

7 6 10 0.8 0.7 1.1

Construction

252 150 180 4.3 2.5 3.0

Manufacturing

95 90 91 0.8 0.7 0.8

Durable goods

59 53 49 0.8 0.7 0.6

Nondurable goods

35 37 43 0.8 0.8 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

230 218 268 0.9 0.8 1.0

Wholesale trade

44 33 52 0.8 0.6 0.9

Retail trade

136 146 160 0.9 1.0 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

51 39 55 1.0 0.8 1.1

Information

20 35 21 0.7 1.3 0.8

Financial activities

49 39 53 0.6 0.5 0.7

Finance and insurance

25 18 30 0.4 0.3 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

24 21 23 1.2 1.0 1.1

Professional and business services

335 377 301 1.9 2.0 1.6

Education and health services

204 198 205 1.0 1.0 1.0

Educational services

59 57 68 1.9 1.8 2.2

Health care and social assistance

145 140 137 0.9 0.8 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

199 204 204 1.4 1.4 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

30 31 29 1.3 1.3 1.2

Accommodation and food services

170 174 175 1.4 1.4 1.4

Other services

60 87 79 1.1 1.6 1.4

Government

126 162 108 0.6 0.7 0.5

Federal

6 10 7 0.2 0.4 0.3

State and local

120 152 100 0.7 0.8 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

324 303 344 1.3 1.2 1.3

South

529 651 604 1.1 1.3 1.2

Midwest

333 257 241 1.1 0.8 0.8

West

392 356 330 1.3 1.2 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)
July
2012
June
2013
July
2013(p)

Total

423 486 383 0.3 0.4 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

322 339 298 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

4 4 4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Construction

12 9 9 0.2 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing

20 28 30 0.2 0.2 0.3

Durable goods

9 16 16 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

10 12 14 0.2 0.3 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97 71 84 0.4 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

13 6 12 0.2 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

56 48 50 0.4 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

28 16 21 0.6 0.3 0.4

Information

2 7 6 0.1 0.3 0.2

Financial activities

34 33 34 0.4 0.4 0.4

Finance and insurance

28 23 27 0.5 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

5 11 7 0.3 0.5 0.3

Professional and business services

71 41 35 0.4 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

32 70 51 0.2 0.3 0.3

Educational services

5 14 5 0.2 0.5 0.2

Health care and social assistance

26 56 46 0.2 0.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

38 62 39 0.3 0.4 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 3 4 0.1 0.1 0.2

Accommodation and food services

36 59 35 0.3 0.5 0.3

Other services

13 15 7 0.2 0.3 0.1

Government

101 147 85 0.5 0.7 0.4

Federal

12 11 9 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local

89 136 76 0.5 0.7 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

95 88 71 0.4 0.3 0.3

South

135 180 123 0.3 0.4 0.2

Midwest

85 95 88 0.3 0.3 0.3

West

108 123 101 0.4 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: September 10, 2013